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HARVARD COLLEGE UBRARY 

From the Bequest of 
ALBERT MATTHEWS 

Class of 1882 






I 



THE JESUIT RELATIONS 

AND 

ALLIED DOCUMENTS 



VOL. LXXIII 



Hk^ edition consists of Sifh 

en hundred and fifty Sits 

all numbered 




I 



The Jesuit Relations and Allied Docoments 



Travels and Explorations 

OF THE Jesuit Missionaries 

IN New France 

i6io-i79i 

THE ORIGINAL FRENCH, LATIN, AND ITAL- 
IAN TEXTS. WITH ENGUSH TRANSLA- 
TIONS AND NOTES; ILLUSTRATED BY 
PORTRAITS. MAPS. AND FACSIMILES 

6IMTBD BY 

REUBEN GOLD THWAITES 
Sacretiry of ttM Stite Historical Sodety of Wlscooste 



Vol. LXXIII 
Index: J— Z 



CLBVBLAND: tCDC SttnOWfSCOtbCCt 
acmVÊÏÏtf PUBLISHERS. MDCCCCI 



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HARVARD 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 



COFYUGBT, I9OI 
BY 

Tbb Bdulows Bkothb&s Co 



ALL UOHTS RBSnTBD 



Tkê Imperial Press, CUv€la$td 



\ 



Index 



J— z 



] INDEX 



J, sound unknown in Huron language, io, 117. 

Jacinth, medicinal uses of. 4a, 501, 46, 137» 301. 

" Jack and the beanatalk," nursery tale : suggested in Indian legends, 
la, 370. 

Jacker, E.: discovers Marquette's burial-place, 71, 150. ''Ind. 
Mythology," 71, 277. " Nouvel/' 71, 337. " Smallpox among In- 
dians/' 71, agi. 

Jackson, Helen H. : Century of Dishonor, 71, 288. 

Jackson, W. H.: Ind. Photographs, 71, ^66. 

Jackstraws, game of, 10, 32a. 

Jacques, an Algonkin child, 24, 41. 

Jacques, Algonkin convert: baptized, 9, 31. 

Jacques, I roquet convert: baptized, 24, 253. 

Jacques, Jesuit brother, 65, 61. 

Jacques, **the hermit": enters service of Jesuits, j8, 181. 

"Jacques the Picard, Big": death, 43, 31. 

Jacquechis, a Papinachois: death, 63, 251. 

Jacquinet, . sponsor in baptism, J, 159. 

Jacquinot (Jaquinot), Barthélémy, Jesuit: provincial of France, g, 
75, 81, 269, 6, 31, 97; gifts to Canadian mission, 27, 35. 

Jadot, Geneviève, Detroit habitant: family, 69, 309. 

Jager, Claude, Jesuit brother, 28, 317, 71, 132; at Sillery, J7, 81; 
sails for France, 35, 55; sketch, 71, 144. See also Joyer. 

Jalap, used in hospital, 49; 205. 

Jamay, Denis, Récollet: superior of Canadian mission, 4, 262; at 
Quebec, i, 7. 

Jambettes (pocket-knives), 12, 119. 

James, £. C. : note by, 71, 382. 

James, Edwin: editor, 71, 340; cited, 20, 310. See also Long, S. H. 

James I. of England: Montmorency writes to, 2, 309; grant to Vir- 
ginia Company, 4, loi ; to Alexander, 270 ; to Baltimore, 5, 277. 

James II. of England, 60, 133, 63, 293, 64, 41, 99; territory granted 
to (as duke of York), 50, 321; deposed, 64, 274; in France, 247. 

Jamestown, Va., 2, 251; location, 3, 275; colony at, 4, 253. 

Jamesville, N. Y. : Indian village site near, 51, 294. 

Jamin, . sponsor in baptism. 2, 159. 

Jammes, , French ship-captain: his vessel lost, 35, 51. 

Janis, François, sponsor in baptism, 70, 73. 

Janis, Nicolas François, Detroit habitant, 69, 267, 271 ; leases mis- 
sion farm, 70, 69-71; dealings with mission, 69, 251, 261, 70, 
25, 29, 31, 35, 61, 65; contracts for erection of church, 31; 
orders masses said, 69, 259, 273; sketch, 308. 

Jansen, Jacob: accompanies Van Curler, 39, 266. 

Jansenists: controversy with Jesuits, 4, 264, 68, 335, 70, 313. 



8 JESUIT RELATIONS [Japu 

JaiMn, iS, «39, 49* 276, 66, 67, 6S, «33; ■ca-routc to, iS, «37. 49. 

231 ; distance from Hudson Bay, 233; Charlevoix's hittorjr, 6f, 

304; people, 10, 211 ; their superstitions, 8, 273. 
Jaque, Iroquois convert: rescues Loup, 63, 2x3. 
Jargon. Set Patois. 

Jasmin, , accused of trading with Indians, 69, 85. 

Jasper, a Delaware: relates tribal legends, la, 271. 
Jatropha curcas, 43, 326. See Barbadoes nuts. 
Jaunay, 71, 132. See Du Jaunay. 
Jaundice, Indian seized by, 55, 123. 

Jautard, ^, purchases ICaskaskia mission property, 71, 37-39. 

Jean, Algonkin child: I. Baptized, 9, 33. II. Cured by baptism, ii, 

127, 131. 

Jean, Algonkin infant : baptized, 37, 103. 

Jean, Abenaki convert: complains against a Frenchman, 6a, 27. 

Jean Baptiste, Abenaki chief: conversion and baptism, 25, 117- 121. 

Jean Baptiste, Huron convert : I. Confesses to Ursuline nun, 31, 179. 
II. Piety, 43, 23i-«33. 

Jean Baptiste, Iroquois convert: I. Baptized, 41, 121. II. Accom- 
panies Dablon, 4a, 205. 

Jean Baptiste, Montagnais chief. See Etinechkawat, J. B. 

Jean Baptiste, Montreal habitant: accompanies Le Moyne to Onon- 
daga, 41, 91. 123, 137- 
Jean, Big," death, 37. 119. 
Jean, Uttle," Jesuit engagé : sent to Sillery, 32, loi. 

Jean Paul, Algonkin child: baptized, 9, 57. 

Jeanne, Abenaki convert: piety, 6a, 35-37, 51, 127, 141; catechist, 
115; makes wampum collar, 63, 31. 

Jeanne, Algonkin convert: I. Baptism and piety, 8, 277-2B1. II. 
Compelled to torture Jogues, 39, 191. 

Jeanne, Huron convert: refuses to remarry, 40, 227. 

Jeanne, Iroquois convert: baptized. 4a, 137. 

Jeanne, the blessed : invents a devotion on the rosary, 6a, 183. 

Jefferson, Thomas, American statesman: collects fossil remains, 69, 
399-300. 

Je-go'-sa-sa, Iroquois appellation of Neutrals, ai, 313, 315. 

Jenks, Albert £.: "Econ. Life of Amerind," 71, 266. "Econ. 
Plants of Ojibwas," 7X> 347- "Wild-rice Gatherers," 71, 282. 

Jérémie, Noël, sieur de la Montagne: sketch, 59, 305. Relation, 
71, 252. See also Islands: Jérémie. 

Jerusalem: temple built, 40, 85; Christ's entry into, ay, 211; Chris- 
tian church formed, 63, 153; capttu-ed by Crusaders, 11, 276. 

Jesuitica: list of printed works, 71, 219-224, 233-242; list of MSS.» 
225-233* 341. 






JeMrits] INDEX 9 

JESUITS. 

I. THE ORDER. 

Order: aa, ri^ 30, 177, 39, 83. 8S, 223, 40, 19, 21, 41, 123, 43, 85, 

891 48» 135, 47f ^7» 49» 59» 87» 317» 89» I99> ^5» 66, 159* 

OrgamMQUion: motto, 6, 35, 325; number of members, 70, 314; 
classes, I, 312, 4, 264, 71, 127; "professed" (priests), tiieir as- 
ct-ndencj in the order, 4, 264. Scholastics, i, 312, 69, 79, 71, 127» 
179. Novices, I, 312. Coadjutors — spiritual, 2, 307; temporal (lay 
brethren), i, 6, 9, 312, 3, a35» 33, 253, 34» 43» 38» 23, 60, 147; oc- 
cupations and duties, 1, 33-34, 4» 264, 6, 51-55, 7, 309, 30, 183, 39. 
267, 48» "5, 69, 77-79, 291, 70, 83-89, 71, 127; at Queoec coUegc, 
36, 250; do not march in procession, 30, 191. (jenerals of order— 
s€€ Aqtiaviva, Borja, Caraffa, (jottifredi, Nickel, Oliva, Piccolomlni, 
Retz, Ricd, Tamburini, otid Vitelleschi. Assistants, 18, 33, 37, 89f 
307. Provincials — set Annat, Baltazar, Binet, Bordier, Cellot, Fil- 
leau, Jacquinot, Lingendes, Nektons, Finette, Renault, Richard, 
Verthamont, and Voisin. First, in France, 71, 397-398; s€e also 
below Provinces. Superiors — list, 71, 122-127 \ term of office, 3a, 
63, 68, 281 (cf. 71, 122-127). Procurators (or procurors) of mis- 
sions, 21, 301, 4^, 2", 219, 223, 229, 44» 175» 86. 301, 67, 333» 335. 
71, 25, 65, 79, 93. Other officials, 4» 183» 60, 141, 67, 34i» 69» 75. 
70, 81. 71, 65, 168-169, 172, 174, 178, 180, 399. Donnés and engagés 
— see below Missions in New France. 

Characteristic features: tests for membership, 29, 39-41, rules 
for conduct of members, 34, 43, 195, 35, 141; forbids members to 
accept ecclesiastical dignities, 36, 237 — or to engage in commerce, 
9, 171, 70, 314; inculcates forgetfulness of self, 39, 219; fumishe» 
spiritual directors to royal and noble persons, i, 129, 207, 2, 293, 
306, 4, 227, 6, 65, 9, 209, 29, 29, 39» 169, 48, 227, 49, 274, 80, 185, 
86, 265, 89» 306, 62, 271 ; censorship over its authors, 20, 117, 38, 
293; political influence, 70, 313; relations to Holy See, 4, 264. 
Members required to write accounts of their religious experiences, 
31, 17, 125, 289, 34, 163; required to ask alms, 8I» I47; their reports 
to superiors, 87» 307 — regarding colleagues, 32, 61-65, 40, 25; 
confraternity among, 41, 165-167; suffrages for deceased, 38» 53; 
some, permitted to wear secular dress, 29, 49, 66, 340 ; " ours," fa- 
miliar appellation of, among themselves, 15, 31, 17, 109, 18, 29, 37, 
19, 115, 32, 59, 63, 34, 97, 38, 247, 39, 23, 49-53, 59, 127, 133-135. 
243. 40, 17, 71, 372. 

History: founded, 4, 264, 10, iii, 12, 276, 42, 2^; changes in 
government and discipline, 4, 264; prosperity, 16, 235; controversy 
with Jansenists, 4, 264, 68, 335, 70, 313; attacked in France, 3, 
299, 4, 269; banished by Henry IV., 2, 293; readmitted into France, 



10 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Jemilts 

JESUITS: The Okder (continued)— 
order: History (continued) — 

6i» 8i, 293; centenary, 4, 264; strengthened by trials, la, 39; in- 
vited by Récollets, undertake Canadian missions, i, 7-8, 17, J, 81, 
173. ao3, 211, 3, 163, 167, 4> 2, 259-260, 71, 23s; more persecutions, 
43f 163, 69, 41, 63; calumniated, 43, 289; banished from Japan, u, 
276; members of order expelled from Massachusetts, 36, 241, n$ 
307. Compelled to pay Lavalette's debts, 70, 314; decrees of French 
parliaments against, 2, 297, 66, 310, 70, 215-217, 71, 235, 382; sup- 
pressed in France, i, 37, 2, 297, 66, 310, 69, 288» 70, 295, 3I3-3Ï4» 

71, 51, 387 — French exiles take refuge in Spain, 70, 295-297; 
expelled from other European states, 39, 141, 70, 313-315, 71, 43, 
389; from Portuguese colonies, 12, 276; archives and libraries 
plundered, 71, 120; members regarded as secular priests, 70, 314- 
315; extinguished in Canada, i, 17, 20, 32, 71, 126, 400; abolished 
ht Clement XIV., 70, 314; restored by Pius VIL, 315; reestablished 
îâ Canada, 59, 301 — incorporated, 71, 393; remaining archives re- 
stored to, 28, 305, 309; history, 71, 233-242; iconography, 236; 
records cited, 60, 319. Members quit order, 48, 297, 57, 315, 66, 
326-327, 70, 311, 71, 149, 161, 167; dismissed from order, 50, 217, 
70, 314, 71, ISO, 153, 173. 

Assistancies (grand divisions of order) : enumerated, 59, 307; of 
France, 38, 187, 39, 75 ; of Germany, 75, 307. 

Provinces: meaning of term, 71, 397; formation and boundaries 
of French, 397-398 ; map, 397. Aquitaine (see below Bordeaux) — 
60, 318, 68, 281, 69, 75-79, 70, 81-83, 87-89, 71. 125-126, 145-148, 
151» 153-154. 158, 160, 162-172, 176, 179; formation and extent, 397- 
398. Belgium — 71, 223. Bordeaux — 30,183, 60,131, 318; see above 
Aquitaine. Champagne — 21, 293-295, 70, 89, 71, 123, 125-126, 139, 
146, 149, 151, 153-154, 157» 162, 167-170, 174, 180; formation and ex- 
tent, 398. England — included in assistancy of Germany, 59, 307. 
France — 5, 9, 81, 6, 95, 7, 251, 8, 203, n, 27, 14, 117, I5, 207, 211, 
18, 51, :»o, III, 21, 127, 22, 23, 27-29, 259, 263-265, 25, 93-95, 103, 
26, 167, 171, 27, 127, 133, aS, 257, 261, 267, 29, 243, 30, 209, 32, 115, 
34» 77. 35. 69, 36, 155, 37. "S, 40, 7h 41, 29, 42, 21, 43, 85, 97, 44, 
53, 67, 62, 191, 267, 68, 243, 309. 70, 81-89, 71, 122-126, 137-181, 

72, 17-18; history and extent, 71, 397-398; catalogues, 69, 75-79» 
280, 70,81,303. Gallo-Belgian (or Franco-Belgian) — 70, 85-89^ 71, 
127, 151-152, 172, 174-176, 178, 181; formation and extent, 398. 
Germany — 71, 398. Guienne — 65, 71, 68, 225. Lyons — 15, 248, 

70, 85-89, 71, 122, 124, 137, 150-151, 153, 157, 15ft 162, 171, 173, 177, 
179, 72, 18; formation and extent, 71,398. Mexico — 70,267. Paris, 
— 60, 141; see also France. Rome — 71, 144. Toulouse — 34, 59, 



] INDEX 11 

35, 21, 151, 40, 37» 47, 285, 4», 235, 68, 30ft 6f, 77, 7«. 88- 7Xf 
134, 145, 147-149, 154-157, 171-173. 178; fonnatìon, 3J«. 

ColUgts: a, ^ 6, 87, II, 57, 3«, 225, 41, 25a; officiait, 6f» 7S-77f 
7«, 81-85; miTiriiìatìaas and prizes, 71, 376-377; reading or preach^ 
ing at meals, 51, 141, 2go, 89, 81, 60, 141 ; minister eats at second 
table, 39, 171; French, dosed bgr parliaments, 70, 314. 

In Austria — Prague (in university), 71, ^7; Vienna, 42, jg8. 

In Belgium — Huy, 71, 387; Louvain, go, 327; Toomai, 327, 
gd, 301, 69, 286b 289. 71, 151-152, 175. 

In France— Agen, J3, 327, 52, 261; Aix, ig, 248, 80, 327, 89» 
306; Aix-en-Provence, 47, 318; Alby, 320; Alençon, 4, a6g^ a8» 
318, g6, 301, éo, 319, 321, 63, 302, 64, 274; Amiens, 6, 327. 8, 2gi- 
aga, 11, 278, 15, 247. 34, 249, 50, 325, 8«, 297. 60, 321, 68, 263, aâ^ 
67, 339; Angers, 34, 249; Angoulème, 68, 333, 71, 169; Armentièrea, 
50, 327; Arras, 52, 262, 56, 301, 63, 302, 64, 274, 65, 264; Aubenas, 
47, 319; Aurillac, 34, 246, 47, 320, 60, 318; Avignon, 6, 322, 14, 

288, 50, 327, 87, 318, 66, 339, 67. 339, 71. 137. X43, t7h 7«, 18; 
Besançon, 57, 318; Bethune, 50, 327, 69, 289; Béziers, ag, 327; 
Billom, 44, 322; Blois, II, 278, 58, 295, 60, 319-320, 322; Bordeaux, 
23, 327, 52, 261, 57, 318, 89, 306, 60, 323, 64, 278, 66, 346, 67, 333f 
6«, 329, 333, 71, 147, 151, 153-154, 158, 160» 162-165, 167-168; 179; 
Bourges, 4, 255, 266-267, 5, 275, 9, 312-313, ", 278, 18, 256, 31» 

289, 34, 245, 50, 32s, 56, 301, 58, 295, 60, 319, 321, 61, 273, 6ai, 
271, 63, 302, 64, 274, 6a, 264, 66, 341. 345; Caen, 4, 266, 5, 275, 
6, 326, 8, 290, 292, la, 274, 24, 3", 45, 271, 68, 263, 69, 288; 
Gihors, S4f 24IS, 60, 318; Cambrai, g6, 301; Carcassonne, 34, 246; 
Carpentras, 66, 339, 346; Chalons, 59, 315; Chambéry, 50, 327; 
Charlevilie, 24, 310, 50, 322; Clermont (see below Paris, Louis-le- 
grand), 4, 255, 5, 275, 290, 6, 326, 8, 292, 307, 9, 312-313. 14, 28^ 
15, 247, 249-250, 23, 326, 28, 318, 30, 306, 43, 89, 320, 48, 269. 
47, 241, 60, 318, 62, 271, 71, 387; Clermont-Farrand, 60, 318; 
Compiègne, 321, 64, 275; Dijon, 59, 3i5; Dole, 14, 288, 57, 31^ 
g9, 306, 66, 339^ 346, 71, 157; Donay, 50, 327. 86, 301, 69, 2S9; 
Embrun, 59, 306, 66, 339 ; Eu, 3, I75, 4, 256, 5, 290, 6, 327, 8, 291, 
307. 15, 249, 41, 257, 82, 262, 59, 315, 60, 322, 62, 276, 68, 264; 
Grenoble, 89, 306; Hesdin, 52, 262, 58, 295, 60, 321, 65, 264; La 
Flèche (Fleschc), i, 316, 4, 255-256, 266, 269, 8, 275, 6, 326-327, «» 

290, 292, 9, 313, II, 278, 14, 288, 15, 247, 249, 18, 256, 24, 3IÏ. 
30, 306, 34, 245, 39, 171, 41, 241, 257, 48, 269, 47, 320, 80, 325» 
53, 262, 58, 295-297, 59, 315, 60, 315, 318-320, 322, 61, 273, 6ai, 271, 
276, 64, 275, 65, 263, 66, 338, 341, 345. 71. 179-180; Langres, 8<N 
322; La Rochelle, 60, 323, 66, 346, 68, 333, 69, 65; Lille (lisle), 
50, 327, 86, 301, 69, 289; Limoges, 67, 333. 68, 333, 7«, 165-16ÌÌ 
176; Luçon, 68, 313, 332-333. 69, 41, 61, 65; Lyons, 14. 288^ $0, 



12 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Jesuits 

JESUITS : Th< Obusk (continued)— 
obdsb: CoUeges (continued)— 

336-337. »7» 318, S9> 306, 63. 301, 66, 346, 67, 343, 7i» iSh 7^, 
19 — Trinity Jesuit school, 14, a88; Maçon, 50, 337; Marennes, 68» 
333 ; Mauriac, «3, 3^7, 34, «46 ; Metz, 50, 333 ; Montrouge, 4, ^i I 
Moulins, 18, 356, 34, 3", 34, M5* 8^, 362, 59, 3I5, 63, 371, 65, ^64; 
Nancy, 34, 310, 50, 3^3, 59, 3i5, 7i. 146, 149-150, IS3, ^7, 167» 
174; Nantes, 68, 381; Nevcrs, 4, «55, a66, 5, «75, 8, 3$^, 38, 318, 
61, 373, 65, 363-365; Nimes, 15, 348, 66, 346; Orleans, 8, 393, 9, 
313, 13, 374, 15, 350, 18, 356, 60, 333, 61, 373, 66, 335, 71, 174; 
Pamicrs, 60, 318, 71, 17a; Pwis, 4, 33s, a55-as6, 366^267, 6, 67, 
336, 8, 3Q0-3s^, 13, 374, 15, «47, 350, 18, 256, 30, 308, 33, 336, 34, 
313, 38, 117, 318, 35, 145, 40, 21, 41, ^S7f 50, 323, 335, 5«, a6i, 
58, 395, 397, 59, 31S-316, 60, 31S, 318-319, 322, 61, 373, 63, 371, 
373, ^, 63, 303, 64, 274-275, 65, 263-266, 66, 338, 341, 344- 
346» 67, 333, 339, 69, 3Q3-304, 7», 138-163, 165, 169, 172, 174, W — 
Louis-le-grand, 66, 35, 41, 71, 27, 168, 178, 387 (see above Ver- 
mont) ; Pau, 33, 327, 64, 278, 66, 346, 71, 147; Périgueux, 64, 
378; Poitiers, 4, 373, 33, 337, 60, 333, 67, 333; Pont-à-Mousson, 
15, 347, 34, 310, 50, 322-323, 59, 31s; Pay, 33, 327, 48, 297, 60, 
141; Quimpcr, 30, 306, 65, 365, 66, 345, 71, 399; Rennes, 4, 269, 
8, 275, 9, 313, XI, 278, 15, 249, 30, 306, 31, 103-105, 38, 393, 56, 
301, 66, 346, 71, 51, 157; Rhcims, 14, 387, 50, 322-323, 66, 341; 
Roanne, 57, 318, 66, 339; Rodez, 33, 328, 44, 322, 47, 319; Rouen, 
4, 255-256, 265, 269-273, 5. 275-290, 6, 326, 8, 291-292, 9, 313, ". 
378, 13, 374, 14. 288, 15, 247, 250, 18, 256, 34, 310-31 1, 38, 318, 
31, 289, 37, 13s, 38, 187, 50, 325, 56, 301, 58, 297, 60, 319, 61, 273, 
63, 271, 63, 302, 64, 274, 65, 263, 66, 338, 71, 138-141» 143» 
178; Saintes, 60, 333, 67, 333, 68, 333; St. Flour, 48, 297; St. Malo, 
71, 53; Salins, 66, 339; Sens, 34, 310; Toulouse, 33, 327-328, 44, 
322, 47, 319, 48, 297, 60, 318, 66, 346, 71, 145, 148-149, 154» 157; 
Toumon, 34, 246, 48, 297, 60, 318; Tours, 50, 325, 56, 251, 58, 
295, 60, 319, 66, 338; Tulle, 60, 323, 64, 278; Uzès, 67, 339; Val, 
34, 249; Vannes, 4, 271-272, 15, 249, 34, 311, 38, 318, 52, 363, 65, 
364-365, 66, 338, 67, 341, 71, 399; Velay, 48, 397; Verdun, 15, 
247, 50, 323; Vcsoul, 66, 339; Vienne, 59, 306. 

In Germany — Augsburg, 38, 314; Dillingen, 314, 43, 398; 
Ensisheim, 59, 315. 

In Italy— Fermo, 18, 355; Macerata (university), 38, 315; Rome, 
15, 350, 18, 355, 33, 326-337, 34, 310, 60, 317, 71, 144-145 ; Sezza, 
33, 336; Tivoli, 336; house of professed at Rome, 18, 15, 37. 

In Mexico — Vera Cruz, 70, 367. 

In Peru — Juli (also a publishing house), 3, 398. 



] INDEX 13 

In Spain — Cordova, Monterey, Montilla, 217, 314; St. Sebastian, 

70, ags ; Salamanca, Valladolid, 3, agS. 

In Canada — Montreal (conducted by priests in residence there), 

64, 139» 149, 71. 315, «17; burned, 64, 135, 7Ji. ai5; view, 64, 13s; 
plan, 151. Montreal — old college i^see Montreal: ecclesiastical) 

(St. Mary's), i, xi, 34, 43, 34, 249, 67, 337, 7«, lai, 7«, "; 
founded, 4, 271, j8, 306; portraits of missionaries at, 71, 400; 
maintains free library, 237; history, 299^ 310; fHts jubikrires, 
310-31 1. Quebec (see Quebec: ecclesiastical and educational). 

In United States — Boston, 34, 249; Buffalo (Canisius), 4, 5; 
Chicago (St Ignatius), 71, 240; Qereland (St. Ignatius), 4, 5; 
Fordham, N. Y., 34, 249; (Georgetown, D. C, i, xii, 41, 2S0, 
Grand Coteau, La. (St Charles), 20, 16; Milwaukee (Marquette), 

71, 150; New York (St Francis Xavier), i, xii, 34, 249; 
Omaha (Creigfaton), 72, 11; Prairie du Clhien, Wis. (Sacred 
Heart), 14, 4; St Lotiis, 72, 11; St Mary's, Kans. (St Mary's), 
4f 5 ; Woodstock, Md., i, xii, 2, ^, 20, 16, 34, 249. 

Publications: burned by public executioner, 70, 314. Catahgi 
personarum, cited, 8, 290^ 25, 23, 36, 250, 47, 3I7, 57, 318, 53» 296, 
60, 318, 64, 155, 68, 3* 69, 75-70, a88, 70, 81^ 71, 
158, 176, 206-207, 237, 39^399, 7«, 17-18- Constitutiones, 71, 237- 
ExerciHa spiritualia ("Spiritual exercises"), i, 201, 19, 137, 34, 
95, 185, 189, 39, 227, 239, 60, 321 (see also Retreat). InsHtutum, 
2, 217, 306, 71, 237, 241; investigated by Paris parliament, 70, 
314; condemned by Louisiana council, 215-219; Jesuits required to 
abjure, 297. Lettres édifiantes — scope, i, 43; accounts of N. Amer, 
missions, 43-44; bibliography, 66, 297-334; value, 298; price, 312, 
318-321, 324; Patouillet edits, 67, 339; cited (Toulouse ed), 58, 
396, 65, 263. 66, 298, 335, 347, 348, 67, 328, 3^9, 68, III, 253, 
322, 332, 333, 69, 281, 70, 303, 3", 71, 237; portions reprinted in 
this series, i, 44, 72, 9. Litterae annuae, cited, i, 41, 314, 2, 195, 
287, 290, 3, 287, 71, 237; libraries where found, 2, 288 — /^W. Rer. 
Gestarum, 1613-14, 2, 2, 193-285, 290, 71, 183. Mémoires de 
Trévoux, periodical published by Jesuits, 69, 304. 

II. MISSIONS IN NEW FRANCE AND LOUISIANA. 

The Missionakhs: 2, 299, 21, 129, 30, 223, 41, 211, 49, 49, 56, 
261, 267, 281, 283, 57, 317, 58, 143. 294, 297. 89, 63, 81, 271, 60, 
99, 123, 127, 317, 6i, 53, 55, 270, 62, 47, 49, 191, 27^ 63, 257» 
64, 145, 68, 281. 

Characteristics: knowledge of human nature, 33, 145 ; devotion to 
their work, 17, 11, 43-45, 121, 3^», 189, 35, 29, 127-131, 197, 36, 51- 
53, 37, 137» 39, 87, 135-137, 153, 237 — sentiments regarding it, 8, 
169-193; fervor, 36, 229, 40, 25-31, 44, 61, 45, 49, 5«, 45; heroism, 
I, vii, viii, 40, 39, 179, 187-189, 221-223, 239-243, 249, 43, 301, 44, 45» 



14 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

JESUITS : Missions in N«w Fïkancs and Louisiana (continued)— 
THS missionaries: Characteristics (continued) — 
humility, 31. 125, 129, 35. 125, 141, 39, 237, 261; austerities — 
(see Mortifications, and Penances) ; obedience, 34, 177-17% 35, ifl3» 
125, 129, 133, 147, 38, 39, 39/ 59, 87, 167, 263, 70, 277-279; other 
virtues, 68, 241-243. Philanthropy — aid Port Royal colonists, J, 
233, 243; aid sick, 4, 215, 6, in, 135» *, 149, 11, m, 163, 12, 139, 
13, 111-115, 143-147, 159, 169, 235, 14. 51» 153» 165, 173, 233» 263, 

15, 69, 83-85, 131. 17» 29, 45, 51, JO, 241, J4, 165-167; die from 
contagious diseases, while caring for the sick, 71, 152, 170, 173; aid 
shipwrecked sailors, 34, 235; aid Indians {see below Policy to- 
ward Indians); methods of bestowing charity, 35, 99; providence 
for future, 33, 259, 35, 27, 99, 70, 29. 

Events in history — 

Sent to Canada, i, 8, 16, 129, 207, J, 61, 83, 173-179, 2H-215, 3» 
27, 161-165, 179, 4, 2, 4, 171, 233, 255, 260, 263, II, 131, 14, 219, 

16, 19-21, 18, 75, 23, 326-328, J4, 309-310, j8, 273, 51, 85, 60, 
107, 68, 229, 69, 287-290, 304 — to Louisiana, 67, 267, 341-342, 
72, 18-19; driven from Acadia by English (see below Missions: 
Souriquois). Invited by Récollets, return to Canada, i, 7-8, 17, 
2, 81, 173, 203, 211, 3, 163, 167, 4, 2, 233, 259-260; aided by Rccol- 
lets, 171-173; house built for, 181, 217 (see below Residences 
— N. D. des Anges) ; opposed by brethren at Paris, 181 ; sent to 
Europe by English, 255, 260, 263, 39, 49, 167, 171; return to Gui- 
ada (1632), I, 17, 4, 260, 265-266, 270, 5, n, 275, 39» 49; repair 
their house, 4, 266, 6, 69, 326; aided by Giffard, 327; right to sol- 
emnize marriages questioned, 15, 250, 30, 191 ; favor devotions of 
Loreto, 18, 256; losses in fire of 1640, 19, 65-67; take refuge in 
hospital, 67; not attacked by smallpox, 93; soldiers lodged 
with, 27, 89; say mass for Montmagny, 28, 223; cheated by an 
adventurer, 233; losses through shipwreck, 245, 34, 59, 235, 
41, 237; attend a comedy at Quebec, j8, 251; their New- Year's 
gifts, 30, 153, 32, 67-69, 75, 34, 39, 35, 31. 36, 113; disapprove ot 
bonfires on saints' days, 30, 163, 183, 35, 35, 51, 36, 115; funds 
for pious works given to, 30, 157; ask advice from France, 191, 
sent back to France, 306, 35, 53-57, 36, 53, 59, 40, 59, 44, 107» 
67, 344; sifts to, from Indians, 32, 265; say masses for mission- 
aries, 34, 21; gifts to parish church, 41, 42, 269-271; warn Pe- 
tuns against Iroquois, 35, 109; bishop of Canada should be chosen 
from, 36, 69-71, 237; plan for French control of Lake Ontario, 40, 
221, 256-257; give inventories to French merchants, 41, 243; re- 
ports for 1655 lost, 213; build clergy-house, 43, 324; board a 
pupil at seminary, 45, 119; first, ordained in Canada, 50, 324; 
some possess annuities in France, 60, 139; hostile to La Salle, 



Jesuits] INDEX 15 

57, 316; threatened by English soldiers, 64, 47; voyage of exiled, 
to France, 70, 291-207; privileges in capitulation, 71, 99, 394; 
ordained after the conquest, 172, 176, 179-180; forbidden to receive 
new members, s8, 305; sued by Lavalette's creditors, 71, 49; 
seigniorial privileges, 65, 67, 79, 91 ; loyal to English government, 
97; suffer in French Revolution, 175, 178; number resident in 
Canada in 1789, loi ; transfer their estates to Canadian people, 
101-103 ; last of, dies at Quebec, s8, 305, 39, 267, 301, 71, 395. 

In ix>uisiana — obligations in regard to southern missions, 70, 
241, 257-259; recalled to France, 65, 265, 66, 339; return to Lou- 
isiana, 67, 341-342; accusations against, refuted, 70, 221-245, 257- 
263 ; deprived of their property, 219-221 ; harshly treated by colonial 
authorities, 219, 265, 269-283 ; give their books to Capuchins, 289-291 ; 
expelled from Louisiana, 64, 280, 68, 328, 70, 213-269, 286-301, 310 
— from Illinois, 269-285. 

Reestablished in Canada, 59, 301; remaining archives restored 
to, 28, 305, 309, 59, 301; incorporated in Canada, 71, 393; own 
site of Ste. Marie (Huron mission), 5, 295; "inquiry regarding 
lives and blessed deaths," 38, 189, 295; persecutions, hardships, 
etc. — see Missionaries, and Martyrs. 

Relations with government: praised by Champlain, 5, 251 ; Le 
Jeune authorized to act as governor, 8, 308 — holds Chasteaufort's 
commission, 308, 9, 209; disagreement with La Ralde, 5, 278; Mont- 
magny deputes Lalemant to act for him, 27, 87; entertain officials, 
3^f 85, 36. 145. 50, 187; advise in public affairs, 32, 105; superior 
a member of the council, 36, 191, 306, 46, 153, 187; praised by Avau- 
gour, 46, 153; recommend Mézy as governor, 47, 316; Louis XIV.'s 
opinion of, 53, 303; Talon's relations with, 49, 173, 53, 303; blamed 
by Courcelles, 50, 183-185; relations with Frontenac, i, 41, 55, 315, 
322, 62, 155, 273 ; with Denonville, 63, 303 ; with various intend- 
ants, 303, 68, 87, 69, 237; quarrel with Cadillac, 65, 272; in public 
conference at Quebec, 62, 159; summoned to Montreal by gov- 
ernors, 67, 51 ; sent to other colonies and to Indians on public 
business, 29, 47-63, 36, 246-247, 42, 37, 41, 57-125, 44> 97-99. "7- 
ii9> 323 (see also Albanel, Chaumonot, Dablon, Druillettes, Jogues, 
and Le Moyne) ; see also names of various governors and intend- 
ants. Aided by French government (see below Missions). 

Relations with habitants: furnished by them with fuel, 27, 103 
— 'they, refuse to continue this, 28, 237; grants of money from» 
227. 237, 35, 39-41 — for building church, etc., 27, 89, 28, 225, 319; 
partially repay maintenance of soldiers, 27, 89; Jesuits avert fam- 
ine by furnishing seed, 34, 51; valiiables deposited with them, 32, 
69» 99' 49» 161; regaled by Bourdon, 37, 119; debtors of Sevestre, 
43> 73; superior visited by habitants, 46, 159; at Montreal, 64, 153; 
in Illinois, seek to retain Jesuits, 70, 275. 



16 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Jestiito 

JESUITS: Missions IN New FbANCE AND Louisiana (continued)— 
THE MISSIONARIES (continued) — 

Trode relations: commercial companies — opposed by them, z, 
19. With Company of New France — Jesuits aid them in Horonia, 
6, 81; favored by, 36, 237; lodged in their house, J7, 85, 311, 35» 
291 ; receive lands from (see Companies : of New Prance) . See also 
other companies. 

In fur trade — partners of Biencourt, i, 312, 2, 215, 233, 3, 175- 
179. 231, 299; Contract d'association, i, 312, 3, 299, 71, 237 — ex- 
plained by Biard, 3, 175; accused of trading, 25, 75-77; exon- 
erated by Company of New France, 77-79; engaged in trade, 9» 
175-179» 37» 99 — Le Jeune explains and justifies this, 9, 171-181; 
decision regarding trade, 30, 187; refrain from trade, 31, 189» 203; 
use peltries of Huron fugitives to help maintain them, 36, 250; 
protect Hurons from traders, 69, 305; the Tournois affair, 286. 

Oppose sale of liquor to Indians (see Liquor traffic). 

Relations with ecclesiastical authorities: see also Briand, Laval, 
Queylus, Pontbriand, Rouen, St. Vallier, Séminaire des Missions 
Étrangères, and Vicariate-general. Disagreements with secular 
priests in Louisiana, 66, 125-139. 

Relations with other religious bodies: see also Capuchins, Hos- 
pital nuns. Récollets, Sulpitians, and Ursulines. Friendly relations 
with Protestants, i, 25, 235, 2, 273-275, 3, 17, 4» 73, 9, 313» ^4» 
311, 25, 43-45, 55, 59-63, 287, 26, 39, 3i, 93-97, I37, 189, 205, 36, 
85-99, I", 231-233, 239-241, 266, 39, 201. 233, 266, 64, 103, "9, 277. 

Literary and scientific achievements: (a) Exploration and cartog^ra- 
phy — 95, 235-237; see also Albanel, Allouez, Bonnécamps, Dablon, 
Druillettes, Exploration, Marquette, and Quen. Maps, 60, 147, 71, 
214-215, 357-359; of Lake St. John, 65, 44; of Lake Superior, 54, 
255, 55, 94, 316-317; by Aubéry, 66, 344; Biard, 2, 181, 294; Bon- 
nécamps, 69, 294 ; Jogues, 28, 137 ; Jones, end of 34, 71, 397 ; Laure, 

68, 325; Marquette, 59, 108, 154; Raffeix, 47, 320; Ragueneau, 
18, 235, 36, 248. (h) Philology — 2, 9-13, 219-221, 239, 3, 149, 
193, 4, 179, 211-215, 5, 87, 281, 6, 21-23, 37, 45, 63, 83, 7, 21-31, 10, 
55, 14, 9-1 1, 125, 173, 16, 241, 245, 253, 256, 17, 87, «I, 231, «3, 
287, 327, «4, 167, 305, 28, 63, 39, 105, 119-121, 46, 67, 71, 50, 173, 
322, 52, 179, 54, "7, 187, 237, 56, 51, 57, 318, 5«, 103, 64, 155, 
265-267, 65, 85, 264-265, 66, 117, 285, 344, 67, 145, 68, 53, 185, 

69, 289-290, 71, 377 (see also languages under the several tribes). 
(c) History — i, 38-41; value of their reports concerning New 
France, vii-viii. (d) Education — (see Quebec: ecclesiastical and 
educational ; and below. Education of Indian youth) . (e) Science — 
their observations on natural phenomena, 3, 47-67, 5, 181-185, I5> 



JesolU] INDEX 17 

139, 16, 237, 17, 119. 30, 67, 3«, MI» 39» I» 145» 4«, 37-51. 183-333, 
341, 50, 69-79, S5> 173-181, 161-165, 56, 137-139^ 301-307. »7, 301- 
305, 60, 305-307i 63, 199» 64. 117» M, 357;i## oixo Tides. (J) 
Medicine — as physicians, i, 313-315, 3, 15-21, 51, 93-95» 9ft «3» 279- 
381, 3, 301-303, 4, 91-97. 17, 19, SI, 93. 153, ^8, 117, 31, 187, 43. 303. 
56, 81, 57, 115. I4ft 161, 165, 171-175. 179, 58, 3II-3I3. 319, S9, 
243-347, 61, 335, 333, 63, 95-97, 331-333, 66, 337-241, 245. a6i, 68, 7!- 

Miscellaneous: knowledge of a language miraculously inqwrted* 
19, 139; supernatural influences about (see Demons and Virgin 
Mary) ; surnames given by Indians to, 16, 239-341 (see also names 
of missionaries to Hurons) ; flag carried in Onondaga expedition 
(1656), 43, 139; relics of, found. 5. 293, 395, 8, 304. »9, 272, 36, 
345, 346. Number in Canada— (1650) 36, 53, (1653) 40, 61, (1701) 
65, 185-187; catalogues, 69, 75-79, 70, 81-89, 71, 130-181; portraits, 
400. 
Their Work — 

Policy, and mode of dealing with Indians: 10, 79, 13, 376, 13, 
25. SI, 71-75, 105. 159, 169-173. I77, 185, I99, 201, 335, 17, 39, 93-95. 
151, 173, 189, 18, 79. 87, 133, 131, 30, 133, 145-147. 155. 159-161, 315. 

35, 361-281. 37. 163-165, 181-183, 39, 29, 54. 181-18I3, 63. 101-133, 
133-135 ^ mistakes in policy admowledged, 33, 145-147; follow In- 
dian customs, I, viii, 33, 339, 343, 3«, 281, 39. I77. 4». 109-113. 43. 
169, 54, 181, 231, 331 ; aid needy Indians, 9. 29, 35. 39, 45. 5i. I93. 
10, S3, 59, 249. 16, 79, 85, 93, I37. 157, 187. 219» 243, 18, 93-97, 109- 
III, 137, 147, 185, 217-219, 355, 19, 61, JO, 31, ai, 39, 35, 331, j6, 
29, 27, 91, 30, 131-137, 275, 279, 306, 32. 41, 255. 33, 77, 257. 34. 63, 
99, 199, 35, 23, 89, 95-101, 211, 36, 191, 203, 249, 37, 75. 147, 181, 38, 
39, 47, 197, 40, 49-51. 59, 333, 41, 139. 44, 49, 70, 231 ; solicit libera- 
tion of Sokoki captive, 35, 53; constituted guardians of Indians, 

36, 250, 47, 263; give Qiristmas feast to chiefs, 4 J, 133; instruct 
Indians in fortification, 10, 53, 39, 347, 55, 141. 

Endeavor to render Indians sedentary, i, 18, 16, 33, 61, a33. 18, 
79, 87, 20, 127, 35, 33, 54, 139 — cost of this undertaking, iS, 119^ 
settle Hurons on their lands, 35, 39, 70, 307; instruct Indians in 
agriculture, i, 19, 4, 195, 9, 19, 65, 263-265. See also below Mis- 
sion colonies. 

Educate Indian youth — seminaries for, 5, 145, 6. 83, 89» 151-155» 
327. 7, 265, 8, 181, 227, 9, 107, 177. 273, 277-279, *3-*5. 293. 299- 
301, II, II, 17, 49. 81-83, 129, 276, 12, 39-115, 165. 235. 239. 255» 
13, 9, 119, 125, 14. 127. 257, 16, 169, 179. 243. 251, 17, 87-93, 21, 
173, 33, loi, 161, 33, 175-177, 24, 103, 131, 189, 26, 19-29. 39. 
39. 127-129, 44, 315, 47, 295, 51, 173. 83. 71, 66, 209^ 68» ill, 
71, 97, 101-103 ; funds of Huron seminary devoted to Sillery colony, 
23. 325; Indian children given to Jesuitt, 5, 137, 217, 9, 7, 11, 15, 



1« JESUIT RELA TIONS {Im^im 

JESUITS : Missions in New France and Louisiana (continued) — 
THEIR WORK : Policy, and m ode of dealing with Indians ( continued ) — 

103-105, 201, n, 123, 14, 183-185, 257, 16, 169, 34, 167, 53, 71; 
they stq>port Indian children, 9, 103, 201 — rear orphans, 18, 79. 

Influence with Indians, 15, 27, 37-47, I39, 16, 63, 163, 18, 125-135, 
143, 181, 207, 19, 69, 20, 171, 179, 211, as, 153, 36, 237, 40, 227-229, 

63. 302, 68, 330, 70, 133-137, 237-241 ; adopted by them, 27, 97-99, 
38, 27-41, 43, 307, 44, 21, 64, 91-93, 97, loi, 68, 269. 

Missionary occupations and methods of work: 2, 7, 53, 91, 103, 
243-245, 3, 181-183, 4, 177-179, 8, 133, 143-145» 15, 165, 16, 241-249, 
17, 9-23, 93-97, 105, 141. 18, 19, 151, 21, 95-97, 165, 177-179, 185-187, 
205-207, 245, 289, J2, 93, 97-99, III, 123, 127-129, 145, 175, 227-229, 
233, 243, 33, 21-23, 81, 101-103, I17-119, 139, 151, 169, 179- 
181, 201, 207-209, 229, 239-243, 293, 309-313, 24, 61, 69-71, 87, 
95-99, 117-121, 127-129, 149, 197-199, 209, 257, 269, J5, 113, 131, 
185, 277, 26, 89, 105. 137, 181, 213, 287, 27, 33, 61, 65-67, 143-145» 
28, 33, 93, 29, 47-49, 81, 103, 135, 139-141, 155, 54, 21-41, 45. 
55-63, 67-73, 79, 95, 101-103, 121, 209-211, 55, 69-71, 81-83, 87, 135, 
147, 153, 181-189, 201, 205, 215, 221-223, 56, 31-33, 51-53, 133-135, 
187, 189, 193-197, 57, 113, 121, 125, 153, 173-181, 193, 251, 259» 269, 
297, 58, 23-27, 49, 59-61, 69, 181-185, 221, 239, 275, 287, 60, 163- 
165, 179, 237-239. 269-271, 61, 225-235, 62, 113, 135, 171, 195, 211- 
213, 217-219, 227, 243, 63, 37f 67-69, 83, 115, 119-121, 133, 257-259, 

64, 165. 177, 181-193, 209, 227, 267, 65, 77, 81, 89, 66, 97, 117, 
151-153, 237, 241-245, 259-261, 67, 89-91, 185-195, 217-219, 241, 261, 
323, 68, 57-59, 63, 69, 81, 97, III, 239, 271, 279. 285, 69, 53, 70, 227- 
245; methods of instruction, i, 289-290, 7, 93-95, 99-103, 123, 
129-135, 187-189, 291-295, 8, 143-145, 9, 9-II, 10, 15-25, 33, ". 
89, 107, 113-115» 139, 141, 151-171, 189-191, 199-209^ 221-235, 251-269, 
12, 29-31, 63, 69, 75-77, 143, 149, 249-251, 14, 71, 97, 157, 171, 221, 
15, 17, "7, 121-123, 165-167, 16, 63, 69. 77-83, 93, 123, 139, 143, 
161-165, 243-249, 19, 69, 177, 203-205, 20, 67-69, 75, 32, 49, 295-303, 
35, 101-105, 259, 39, 147-155, 42, 105-107, 52, 177, 183, 205-207, 
211, 53, 149-153, I77y 199-229, 251, 261-281, 54, 67-73, 55, I39-I4I, 
147, 63f 37-45, 67-69, 89, 70, 109; pictures and images employed 
therein, 11, 89, la, 107-109, 251, 14, 97, 103, 15, 17, 121, 17, 103, 23, 
117, 25, 163, 36, 131-133, 143, 171, 27, 177, 37, 31, 39, 189, 40, 
123-125, 43, 309, 49, 69, 50, 299, 52, 119-123, 135, 53, 177, 203, 
55, 139, 147, 201, 56, 115-117, 135» 57, 275, 59, 189, 60, 265, 
61, 25, 117, 121, 6j, 43, 95, 133-135, 173, 63, 69, 127, 
231, 64, 227-229, 65, 83, 67, 323-325; songs accompanied by 
musical instruments, 42, 129, 55, 147, 56, 133; "from point 
to point,'' a religious game, 53, 209; children taught songs 
against superstitious rites, 56, 133; children employed to search 



J INDEX W 

for idols, J9, JOi. Caution in administering baptism, 3, 143*153» 
4, 87, JO, 37, 61, J3, 139» 36, 29 ; formula of baptism taught to 
converts, 33, 39. 

A* agricuUurists : i, 19, 24, 3h 4, ^77* ^93, a68, 5» 45» ^, 6, 
39, 69-71, 75-7^ ». 17, f , 155, 1«, 137, 150» 19, 135, »7* 95, 33* 
253-355, 34. 33, 207, 225. 35, 35, 81, 47. 36i, 54, I39^ 69, 245. 
253-355. 367-369. 305. 70, 29-33, 45-55. 67-71, 365, 317, 71, 69-71. 79; 
own mills, 34* 51. 47. 359-263, 267, 63, 183; cultivate tobacco, 67, 
271; introduce orange and sugar-cane into Louisiana, 71, 381; en- 
deavor to domesticate wild cattle, 66, 293; raise live-stock, 6, 
71-75, 79, ^8, 317, 30, 165, 33, 355, 35. 37, 40. i". 62, 169, 69, 255- 
357, 365-271, 70, 31-33, 53-55, 67-71, 365, 275, 279, 317. See also 
below. Missions — Detroit. 

Subordinates — 

Donnés— I, 25, 6, 55. 7, 319, 8, 89, 141, 394, 9, 59, 3o6, 19, 
269. ai. 205. 309, 331, 318-319, 3J, 107, 24, 313, j8, i8i, 35. 57, 
36, 227, 45, 115, 151, 46. 302, 47, 349. 379, 307, 48, 143, 396, 49, 
161. 51. 145. 53, 241, 245, 56, 65, 165, 189, 213, 60, 129. 143. 62. 
215, 66, 125; meaning of term, i, 24; functions, 33, 253, 42, 265; 
numbers, 33, 353, 40, 47, 65, 185; act of donation, 21, 295-297, 
301, 305-307, 35, 390; vows, 21, 295-301; contracts, 295-297, 301- 
303; relations to order, 293-307, 319, 35, 290; enter order, 71, 
145, 147, 149; usefulness in mission work, 17, 45, jo, 99. 103, Ji. 
393, 299, 319, 40, 47; devotion to missionaries, 32, 189, 39, 181, 
237; praised by Ragueneau, 33, 75; Vitelleschi's attitude toward 
21, 319; in Huron mission, 295. 30i, 3^9. 33, 69, 25, 83-85, 35, 
23; among Iroquois, 23, 337, 34, 312, j8, 117, 54. i", 60, 147, 
in Illinois, 67, 277-279; accompany Marquette, 59, 315; instruct 
Indians, i, 33, 15, 137; as physicians, 17, 29. 54. m ; at Quebec 
and Sillery, 27, 81-83, 105, 36, 250; sent to France, 34, 245; on 
Orleans Island, 37, 181 ; Algonkin convert becomes a donné, JO, 
253; Mémoire touchant, Ji, 293-309, 318-319. 

Engagés and servants {see also Compagnes) — 6, 47-51, 8, 81, 

305, 3J, 35, 25, 25, J6, 29, 27, 81-85, 91, 97, 312, 28, 169, 20I-203t 

237, 233-335, 316, 319, 33, 101-103, 34, 33, 59, 35, 31. 36, 117, 

345, 45, 159, 55, 330, 57, 317, 65, 185, 69, 241 ; wages, 27, 81-83, 

91. 28, 227, 235, 36, 250, 66, 33, 69, 245-247, 70, 21, 65; slaves 

owned by Jésuite, 68, 267, 70, 245-249, 265, 279, 283-285. 

The Missions: mentioned, 9, 312, 13, 19, 14, 261, 287-288. 15, 217, 

249, i6, 235-237, 39, 27, 31-35, 119. 345, 41. 356-257, 66, 147, 

344, 68, 333-333, 69, 69, 75, 286-287. 70, 253. 71. 173, 235-236, 

387, 395; field for, 16, 35-37. 233, 41, 135, 46, 67-79; hegun in 

Canada, 38, 229; plans of Jésuite for, 16, 231-237; difficulties to 

be overcome, i, 318, jo, 71-77. 57. 193. 69. 33; aid for, asked» 



20 JESUIT RELA TIONS [JesuiU 

JESUITS : Missions in New France and Louisiana (continued)— 
THE missions (continued) — 

II, II, J5, 97. «6, 201, j8, 59, 99, 213, 37, 87, 4^, 35, 44, SI, 
61, 46, 67. 133, 47, 67. 113-115, 4«, 27-39, 349-251, 50, 67, 339^ 
81, 85, 159, 68, 335, 241, 257, 303 ; abandoned for lack of workers, 
341; supplies for, lost at sea, 18, 217; accompanied Vy epidem- 
ics, 31, 123, 241-243; effect of Iroquois war on, 38, 45-49; ex- 
tended, 50, 227; usual location of stations, 39, 47; itinerant, 19, 
125-131, 167, 183, 209, 30, 21, 43, 95-97; praised by Laval, 45, 
23; history of, planned by Bressani, 38, 217. Extent and con- 
dition— 1645, 37, 137-139; 1650, 36, 49-57; 1651, 36, 193-331; 
1653, 40, 61; 1663, 47, 347, 355; 1670, 54, 351-353; 1683, 63, 
193-367; 1701, 65, 187; 1703, I, 219-325; 1710, 237; results of 
Western, 70, 245-247, 253-257; in Quebec province, 71, 65; list 
of superiors, 122-126; annual catalogues of Canadian houses, 
cited, 33, 99. Revenues — 1701, 65, 18, 181-187, 258; 1737, 69, 
285. Expenses, 43, 171, 47» 255, 307, 65> 185-187, 69, 385. Aided 
from France — by royal government, i, 137, 133-135, 307, 313, 
3, 161, 36, 350, 65, 181, 67, 39-31, 70, 331, 341, 71, 97, lOI — 
fishery rights, 36, 250, 71, 231 ; annual pension, 36, 251, 49, 173, 
65, 271, 69, 31, 203; by Hundred Associates, 6, 81-83, 99, I8, 317, 
17, 33, 47, 18, 343, 4 J, 373; by private persons, i, I35-I37, 313» 
3, 169, 175, 231, 6, 327, 7. 255, 267. 309, 14, 287, 15, 71, 7i^ 217. 
221, 17, 19, 23, 55, 319, 18, 61, 89, 239-247, 19, 67, 71-73, 131, 
20, 67, 127, 31, 111-113, 33, 23-25, 33, 137, 36, 303, 37, 147-151, 
167, 177, 181, 38, 49, 39, 43, 41, 165, 69, 35, 71, 97, loi ; partly 
supported in Canada, 37, 87. Present missions aided (1888) by 
appropriation from payment for Jesuit estates, 71, 393. Itinerant 
(or "flying") missions, 15, 169, 185, 16, 349, »7, 87, 99, 18, 
19, 39-43, 255-256, 33, n, 35, 81, 173, 36, I95, 225, 60, 197, 63, 71. 
In various regions — 

Acadia — I, vii, 6, 13, 16, 139, 13ft 151, 161-163, 183, 195-335» 
45, 59, 65, 95» 66, 207, 211, 67, 337; laborers in, 34, 310, aç, 31, 
45, 59, 61, 71, 47, 63, 65, 87, 66, 207, 71, ^37* 389; abandoned by 
religious orders, 59, 307. First Jesuit mission therein (1611-13), 
and its failure, i, 207-217, 227-235, 3, 5-105, 311-385, 3, 137-283, 
4, 9-1 17; St. Sauveur founded, 1, 337, 3, 31 1, 347, 3, 365 — de- 
stroyed by English, i, 329-335, 3, 211, 259, 3, 5-7, 4, 13- Mission 
at (îhedabouctou, 8, 392, 24, 310. 

Cape Breton Island — 1, 14, 8, 393, 305, 15, 345, 34, 31Q, 45, 59» 
63. Grand Cibou, 4, 343, 354, 370, 5, 30i, 6, 335. Ste. Anne, 
4. 391, 5, 391, 7, 363. 

Gaspesia — 8, 392, 34, 310, 30, 303, 35, 4i, 36, 131, 47, 331. 
Baye des Chaleurs, 35, 389, 30, 143, 33, 41, 55* Isle Percée^ 



] INDEX « 

Zùf 143, 36, 131. Miramichi» 30, 143, 43, 59. Miscou (St Charles), 
7, 263, 312, 8, 47, aga, la, 363, 275, 14, ^n. ai, 3", «a, 239, 34, 
I45> 153» 310, 3ii> 28, aoi, 213, 32, 39, 34, 57> 44» 105* 4S, 59; re- 
port, 1645, 28, a3-37; hiitory, 32, 35-55- Ncpirignit, i, 221, 237» 
a4, 310, 25, 289, 30, 127, 133* 32, 41- Rigibouctou, 43, 59^i- 

Lake St. John and Saguenay — Lake St. John (St Jean) — i, 16^ 
219, 14. 287. 31, 249-255, 37, 211-233, 40, 235. 247, 41, 199, 46, 
73, 302, 304, 51. 75-79, 56, 211, 39, 253, 65, 187; at Métabetchouan, 
60, 322, 61, 79, 270, 68, 41, 325. Saguenay — 36, 55, 38, I97, 68, 
327* 330, 69, 290, 70, 310, 71, 389; at Ance de l'Assomption, 33, 
217; at Chicoutimi, 1, 219, 237, 46, 302, 56, I53. 57, 3i8> »9» 305» 
63, 187, 68, 25, 39, 51-77, 107-117, 69, 129-131, 135-139, 290. Laure's 
Relation du Saguenay, 68, 25-117. 

St. Lawrence River, below Tadoussac — Bic, 42, 2591 Isle aux 
Basques, 49, 23-25. Isle Verte, 48, 281, 83, 69-71, 7«, 61, 39Q. 
Jércmie Islets, 37f 3i8, 39, 3^5, 68, 99-103, 69, 129. Malbaye, 69, 
131-139- Mingan, 69, 135. Ouiebitchiouan Island, 33, 137-141. 
Saut au Mouton, 49, 43. Sept Isles, i, 219, 237, 46, 71, 48, 297, 
57, 318, 59. 57, 69, 133-137; report, 1674, 89, 49-53- 

Tadoussac (Ste. Croix, Holy Cross) — i, 8, 16, 219, 237, 8, 291, 14, 
287, 18, 257-258, 20, 131, 191, 22, 219-221, 227, 231, 23s» 
317, 24, 125, 141, 145-147, 155, 28, 109, 26, 103, 27, 141, 173, 
183, 189-191, 28, 189, 201, 221, 29, 6s, 123, 201, 30, 179, 3«, 87, 
97, 34, 57, 246, 35, 41-43, 36, I2i, 223, 229, 37, 97» 185, 38, 169, 
197, 40, 61, 235. 41, 187-191, 44, 237, 48, 241, 49, 159, 50, 327» 51» 
147, 175, 8^, 215, 219, 53, 59, 77* 57, 3i8, 59, 25, 79, 253, 306, 315» 
60, 245, 255. 322, 62, 191, 68, 43, 187, 68, 35, 39, 79-«3, loi, 69, 
129-131, 135-139, 292, 7«, 235; founded, 20, 191, 37, 183-185; con- 
tinued in winter, 30, 185, 195, 43, 119-121; its scope, 38, 231; 
Algonkins instructed, 27, 27; Laval visits, 51, 149, 273-261, 32, 45- 
47 ; population, 68, 79 ; buildings, 47, 263 ; dependencies, 32, 19 ; ex- 
penses of missionary, 69, 285; buildings destroyed, 66, 43, 68, 79; 
history, 71, 303. Reports, 1640-78, 21, 81-IQ5, 2J, 219-245, 24, 123- 
145, 26, 103-153, 29, 123-143, 31, 231-255, 33, 19-35, 35, 267-283, 36, 
223, 37, 183, 209, 51, 267-281, 82, 215-227, 53, 59-95, 56, 71-87, 59» 25- 
47, 60, 245-261, 61, 75-87; 1683, 62, 215-223; 1720-30^ 68, 25-117: 
1740-50, 69, 17-18, 129-141, 280. Crépieul's Remarques touchant la 
mission (1686), 63, 21-22, 249-267, 296-297. 

Sault de Sainte Marie — Jesuits visit (1641), i, 24, 32, 9, 313; 
II. 279, 18, 261, 23, 225-227, 34, 247; mission at, i, 33» 35. 221, 
237, 316, 23, 327, 50, 325, 5^, 213, 55» 97» I27-X29b 133, 56, 93. 
101, 105, 57, 21, 203, 215. 243, 251, 261, 307, 318; location, 54, 
i^y 55, 95-97; establishment, 32, 199-201; laborers, 59, 71, 217, 



ss JESUIT RELA TIONS [JeMllU 

JESUITS: Missions IN N£w Francs AND Louisiana (continued)— 
tVL% missions: In various regions (continued)— 
6 J, 193-195; baptisms, 57, »33, 60. 211, 6i, 71 ; reports, 1670-74, 94, 
137-147, 55, 95-97. 117-131, 56, 107-113. 57, »7-237, 5», «55-263. 

Michillimadrìnac (^St Ignace, Hurons; St. François de Borgia, 
Algonkins) — i, 35, 3I7, 50, 322, 325, 327, 55, 171, 3I9, 56, 117, 
57, 318, 59, 71, 219, 64, 149, 65, 59, 189, 66, J07, 267, 263-2B5, 
338, 346. 347, 67, 153, 68, 329-332; location, 71, 150; Hurons de- 
generate from earlier faith, 69, 265; report, 1678, 61, 101-147; re- 
sults, 70, 245. St. François de Borgia, 61, 125-127, 6a, 193-195. 
St. Ignace, i, 221, 237, 5©. 325-327, 55, 161, I7i-I73, 57, 205, 24ft 
318, 59, 71, 91, 169, 203, 217-219, 60, 51, 209, 213, 6i, 97, 103, 6j, 
193-195, 65, 59; founded, i, 317, 5«, 322, 55, loi; reports, 1(^7% 
156-167, 56, 115-119, 57, 249-263, 61, 95-147. 

Detroit (Sandwich, Ont. — Pointe de Montreal; L'Assonq^tion ; 
Hurons) — 70, 309, 310, 71, 235 , dispersed Hurons gathered here by 
La Richardie, and converted, 68, 283, 333, 69, 51-53, 285, 305 ; location, 
305 ; part of (Canada missions, 70, 277 ; Jesuits in, 68, 283, 69, 51-53, 
77, 283, 289, 306, 70, 85, 71, 213; church and house erected, 69, 
305, 70, 31» 49; baptisms at, 73-77; extinction, 69, 306, 70, 275- 
277 : history, 69, 305-306. Farm, store, etc., connected with mission, 
69, 253-255, 267-269, 305, 70, 31-33, 51-55, 67-71; farm at 
Isle Bois Blancs, 69, 265, 305; forge, 241-245, 70, 33, 47-49; other 
Improvements, 23, 29, 39-43, 69; transactions of mission (Potier's 
Livre de compte), I733-5I, 69, 24-26, 241-247, 283, 70, 9-10, 21-71; 
relations with Montreal, 21, 25, 29-33, 39^ 49» 3o6. 

Wisconsin— 1,32,221, 21,319, 54,305-3o8, 56,302-303, 58,265,298, 
59, 306, 60, 318, 70, 245, 71, 144. 149. 234, 238-239, 242. At De 
Pere (Green Bay; St. François Xavier) — i, 33, 35, 237, 34, 247, 

54, 137, 169, 26s, 306, 55, 320, 56, 91. 125-129, 57, 23, 205, 251, 265, 
291, 318-319, 58, 41, 59, 69, 97, 165, 179, 199, 219-221, 265, 60, 129, 
149, 197, 61, 71, 153-157, 62, 201, 205, 67, 161 ; founded, i, 317, I5, 
248; location, 54« 129, 305-306, 55, 103, 56, 9h 62, 203; tribes at, i, 
221 ; rendezvous for Indians, 61, 71, 149 ; Perrot presents ostenso- 
rium to, 66, frontispiece, 347, 71, 218; reports, 1669-79, 54, 197-243» 

55, 183-225, 56, 121-147, 57, 265-291, 58, 37-43, 265-271, 61, 149- 
157; results, 70, 245; later history, 66, 347. At Œouskouabika, 57, 
265-291; Ouassatinoun, 58, 283-289; Oussouamigoung (Suamico), 
57, 291-301. To fugitive Hurons, 18, 257, 48, 127-133. 

Lake Superior — i, 32-33, 4i, 257, 48, 265, 297, 68, 289, 71, 234» 
238, 242. At Clhequamegon Bay (Point St Esprit, La Pointe), 

I, 33-35, 50, 213, 322, 5a, 262-263, 54, 137, 239, 55, 97-99» 58, 55» 
59, 87, 201, 60, 151, 62, 211, 71, 402; its name, 46, 301; founded, 
54, 169; location, 129, 55, 97; dependencies, 54, 165, 169; seat 



] INDEX 28 

of upper missions, 5 J, 203; reports, 48, 257-277; 1664-71, 50, 249- 
307, 51, 259-265, 5«.. 199-213. 54, 149-195, 55, 169-179. 

Hudson Bay (St. François Xavier) — i, 16, 17, 223, 14, 2B7, 41, 
257, 59. 306, 64, 261, 265-267, 65. 215, 264, 66, 67, T!. 215, 71, 152; 
report, 1672, 56, 149-217. 

Louisiana— I. 12, 18, 36-37, 65, 265-266, 67, 261, 329, 341-344. 
68, 223, 309, 3". 69, 203-205, 300, 70, 229, 253, 71, 387; sus- 
pended (1703), 65, 265, 66, 339; reopened (1726), 67, 34^-342; 
aided Vy king, 69, 203; relations to Canada, 70, 253, 71, 126; re- 
sults, 245-247, 253 ; laborers in, 69, 79, 7©, 87-89, 213, 313, 7», IS6, 
169; list of superiors, 126-127; missionaries expelled (1763), 64, 
280, 68, 328, 70, 213-301, 310; mission abandoned, i, JiT, 72, 14. 
At Mobile Point ("the Cap"), 66, 135. At New Orleans, i, 36, 
67, 7^^-rj7, 323. 342, 68, 209, 3", 69, 31-33, 70, 213, 227, 243-245. 

71» 35. 

Miscellaneous — St. John River, N. B. (Medoktek; St. Jean 

Baptiste), 67, 29, 71, 27, 310; location, 67, 337; founded by Au- 
béry, 66, 344; memorial tablet from chapel, 67, 122, ZZI^ 7i, 218. 
At Beaupré (Algonkin), 46, 189; on Great Lakes, 55, 319 — Lake 
Michigan, i, 221, 237; in Labrador, 16 — proposed by Laure, 68, 
115-117; on Mississippi River, 71, 170, 233 (^see also Louisiana) ; at 
Nekouba, 46, 275-283, 47, 149, 56, 302; on Ohio River, attempted, 
70, 91; at Pentegoët ( (bastine), 62, 271, 66, 345; at Rivière du 
Loup (Mission of (jood Shepherd), 60, 263-273, 61, 75; at Tan- 
gouaen (Algonkin village), 30, 87. 

In various tribes — 

Abenakis (Mission of the Assumption) — i, 13-15, 237, 12, 274, 21, 
319, 23. 327, 28, 215, 229, 29, 71, 35,- 55, 37, 95, 40, 61, 235. 44, 237, 
46, 67-69, 48, 143, 50, 319, 61, 87, 62, 271, 65, 87, 187, 66, 205, 
207. 211, 341, 344, 346, 67, 29,. 31, 61, 65, 69, 85, 89, 133-149, 
177-197, 203, 209-219, 333, 69, 73-79, 289, 70, 311; founded by 
Druillettes, 36, 225-227; discontinued at request of Capuchins, 30, 
185; resumed at their request, 305; Druillettes asks English to aid, 
36, 75-111; influence of Sillery chief upon, 37, 241; Abenakis 
invited to settle in (3anada, 63, 123; stations in 1703, i, 219-221; 
French government builds churches for, 67, 29-31 ; yearly ex- 
penses, 69. 285; laborers in, 77-79, 70, 85, 7*, 158, i73; re- 
ports, 31, 183-207, 37, 243-261, 38, 17-43; history, 37, 241-243, 67. 
133-149, 177-229. At Narantsoak (Naurantzwak, Norankouan, 
Norridgewock), 36, 238, 67, 61, 65, 85, 113, I33, 195, 225-229, 233; 
founded by Rale, 66, 346; converts ask for church, 67, 29-31. At 
Naurakamig, 65, 87, 263. 

Algonkins — I, 17, 19, 21-22, 6, 326. 11, 278-279, 14, 245, 265-267, 
18, 247. 260, 20, 93, 21, 247, 319, 23, 19, 229-231, 327, 24, 45, 265- 



24 JESUIT RELA TIONS [jMoits 

JESUITS : Missions in New Prance and Louisiana (continued)— 
THE missions: In varions tribes (continued) — 
^y «6, 7Z^ 301, 305, ^7^ 53» 103, a«, 97, 213, J9, 7i, ISS, 257, 30, 
87, 109, I2S. 33, 255, 34. I0I-I03, 37, 135, 3«, 229, 39, 105, 40, 57. 
235. 43. 213, 44, 237, 239, 45, 49, 235, 47, 149, 165, 223, 4«, I43, 
279, 50. 117, 207, 53, 159, 54, 127, 241, 60, 147, 211, 61, 75-87, 97- 
loi, 157, 62, 201, 67, 147, 211; difficulties, 33, 305; progress, 17, 
235, 62, 217; ruined by brandy, 58, 83. (a) At Three Rivers (La 
Conception) — i, 8, 17-18, 237, 4, 261, 6, 43, 59, 81, 326, 7, 263, 
279, 309, 14, 173, 177, 221, 275, 281, 15, 250, i6, 117, 129, 155, 17, 
233, 18, 91, "I, 21, 241, 313, 319, 22, 269, 317. 23, 253, 309, 326- 
327, 24, 67, 25, 19s, 27, 77y 81, 93, 97, 28, 115, "9, I37-I4i, 169, 
185-189, 199, 213, 217, 227-229, 29, 49, 61, 95-121, 30, 173, 195, 31, 
109, 257-287, 32. 105, 35, 41-45, 2Z7, 36, 195, 229, 37, 69, 97. 38, 
183, 39, 57, 44, 322; ruined by intemperance, i, 219. ih) To 
Nipissings and other northern tribes (Mission of Holy Ghost) — 
II, 279, 12, 274, 13, 271, i8. 256, 20, 93, 97, 103, 21, 121, 123, 
241-245, 297, 23, 275, 327, 28, 97, 257, 30, 113, 119-125, 33, 71. 40, 
235, 42, 241, 44, 237, 51, 63, 56, 99, 59, 217, 60, 211, 61, 95-101; 
founded, 33, I53-I5S, 34. 103; scope, 33, IS5; reports, 1640-50, 21, 
239-249. 23, 205-233, 27, 47-61, 30, 109-125, 35, 179-181 — 1671, 55» 
147-155. 57, 203-247. (c) To tribes on shores of Lake Huron — 33, 
149-155, 62, 201. St. Charles (on E. shore), 35, 173-177. St 
Pierre (on N. shore), 33, 155, 39, 177. Of the Apostles (on N. 
shore, 1671-72), 57, 203; location, 56, 91; reports, 1672-79, 93-105, 
57. 239-247, 61, 95-101. (rf) To Petite Nation, 40, 235. See also 
below Ottawa mission. 

Akansea (Arkansas, Kansas) — i, y;, 65, 59, 119, 67, 275, 317- 
325, 328, 340-342, 68, 167, 69, 203, 205, 301, 70, 229, 247; yearly ex- 
penses, 69, 285; why abandoned, 241-243. Arkansas Post, 70, 243, 
287, 71, 166. 

Attikamègues (St. Pierre) —14, 225, i6, 71, 18, 113, 20, 273, 23, 

315, 24, 69, 91. 15s, 35, 263-265, 36, 55, "7, 129, 229-231, 37, 97, 40, 
61, 235 ; first visited by Buteux, 37, 39, 53-55 ; invite other tribes to 
accept the Christian faith, 47, 75; build chapels, 39, 53-55; reports, 
26, 75-101, 31. 209-229, 37, 19-^; results, 137-139- 

Foxes (St. Marc) —I, 32. 221, 54, 193, 219, 227, 305, «8, 41. 269, 
59, 221, 225, 60, 199, 61, 73, 149, 67, 161, 70, 245 ; location, 54, 307- 
308, 55, 321 ; reports, 1670-79, 55, 219-225, 58, 43-65, »9. 225-235, 
6it 155-157. See also above Wisconsin missions. 

Hurons — 1, 11, 21-27, 4, 221, 260, 265-266, 5, 191-193, 290, 7, 213-221, 
263, 8, 51, 9, 287, 312, 313, 315, 10, 47, 49, 53, 57, ", 9, 12, 217, 231, 
235, 13, 89, 15, 201. 250, 16, 223, 239, 18, 15, 17, 21, 119-121, 129, 14Ï. 
145, 169, 173-175, 235-237, ^riy 283. 289, 293-297, 303-305, 319, 2J, 
89, 195. 271, 303, «3, 19, 27, 29, 33, 39-41. 61, 121, 135, 137, 145, 151» 



jMidto] INDEX 25 

laa, 245-249, 367, 26g. vjz, y3^2flS^ J4» 103, 109, III, 121, 221, 239,365, 

269, 375, 35, 19» 27, 35, 67, 83, 36, 31, 33, 167-175, 301, 237, 261, 37, 
67-71, 87, 38, 39, 47, 65-69, 99, lOi, 117, 121, 187, jç, 105, 219, 
229, 243, 245, 259, 267, 271, 30, 304, 31, 17, 19, 33, 39, 35, 147, 161, 
265, 41, 41, 73, "7, 43, 95, 223, 241. 44, 63, 237, 46, 73, 109, 3û2, 
47. 175, 48, 143, 275, 51, 63, 83, 209, 54, 81, 91, 61, 249, 255, 67, 
147, 69, 51, 70, 205, 71, 399; founded, 7, 221, 38, 229^ 39, 49; 
scope, 38, 239; considered more arduous than others, 247; diffi- 
culties, 18, 19-23, 23, 185-191, 267, 305, 33, 139, 39, 47-49, 55; bap- 
tisms, 7, 299, 9, 225, 10, 11-13, 31, 63, 67-69, 83, 16, 59 {.*€€ also 
Baptisms) ; health of missionaries, 13, 89-101, 20, 75, 30, 93, 39, 
127; their numbers, ii, 9-13, 15, i57, «8, 11, 17, 19, 67, 77» 30, 93, 
33, 253, 34, loi, 35, 23, 133, 36, 203, 250, 38, 225, 291 ; aid needed, 
9. 183, J3, 183, 35, 23, 28, 273, 30, 149-151, 185, 33, 59, 129, 33> 
71. 255*; reinforced, 28, 233-235, 245, 33, 97-99, «7, 189, 34, 59, 83, 
loi, 35, 45 ; condition and progress, 12, 221, 223, 16, 239, 17, 9-13, 
31-37, 45, 55, 77, 83, 221, 227, 19, 77-79, 30, 103, 30, 149, 323, 3a, 
59-61, 33, 59, 141, 257, 34, 79-8i, loi, in, 227, 35, 23, 39, 45; 
itinerant, 19, 125-131, 167, 183, 209, 20, 21, 43, 95-97. Missionaries 
endeavor to reunite Hurons, 14, 17, 21-23, 33 ; refuse presents from 
Indians, 101-103 ; at councils, 15, 59, 139, 229, 20, 35 ; feast Indians, 
15, 67, 113, 183, 229; give presents to converts, 16, 33; instruct 
children, 17, 87; their vows. 35, 137, 18, 27; forbidden to baptize 
captives, 17, 65, 105, 33, 103; name cabins for saints, 17, 81; 
desire to extend missions, 18, 247; aided by converts, 21, 157-159, 
33, 185 ; attend feast of the dead, 23, 209, 221 ; united in their 
work, 30, 147 ; assemble at Ste. Marie, 33, 77-79 ; aided by children, 
39, 137; build sailing vessel, 35, 83; build fort, 85; martyred (see 
Martyrs). Mission in danger from Iroquois, 17, 223, 32, 61, 33, 
253, 259, 35, 25, 91, 107; its extent, 16, 233, 18, 11, 23, 40, 57; num- 
ber of missions, 33, 77, 141, 143 ; losses in Quebec fire, 19, 67 ; alms 
given to, 21, 137, J7, 6gh7i, 33, 7^ ; almost self-supporting, 255, 
35, 25; needs Ragueneau's guidance, 30, 149; its mail-route, 189^ 
221, 305, 31, 2Iq; cut off from communication with Quebec, 33, 69, 
185, 35, 19, 39, 47, 59; leading converts slain by Iroquois, 183; 
Hurons Christianized, 36, 49, 39, 45, 245, 259, 41, 97, 119, 131-133, 
137 (see also below Mission colonies) ; history, 38, 291 ; map, 10, 
326-327, j8, 318, 30, 306, 35, 75, 36, 47-49, 39, 245, 45, 187 ; trans- 
ferred to Christian Island, 34, 203-205, 209-211, 35, 25, 87, 40, 45; 
removed to Quebec, 34, 35, 35, 5i, 77f 36, 59, 179, 38, 217, 41, 
^37 ('^^ <^^o below Mission colonies) ; history, 38, 291 ; map, 10, 
319, 71, 214. Huron church, 17, 33, 37, 43, 47, 83, 127, 141-143, 
229, JO, 95; organized, 56, 117- 119; its numbers (1641), 20, 103; 
decimated, 43, 283; in captivity, 41, loi, 43, 123; Congregation of 
Our Lady in, 44, 41. Reports and Relations, 7, 213-223, 8, 2-3, 69- 



M JESUIT RELA TIONS [Jesuits 

JESUITS : Missions in New Prance and Louisiana (continued)— 
THE missions: In various tribes (continued) — 
155» 283-285, 9, 312, 10, 1-317, II, 1-2, 7-21, 13, 1-267, 14, 1-2, 5-"i# 
15, 1-5» 13-201, 16, 5, 221-253, 17, 1-231, 1«, 1-2, 11-35, 19» 3-^. 
75-267, 20, 9-11, 19-105, 21, 12-18, 127-307, 22, 17-18, 299-311, «3. 
9-14, 19-253, 321, ^5, 19-27, 83-87, 26, 12-16, 165-313, 27, 9-11, 
63-71, «8, lo-ii, 39-101, 29, 12-13, 241-291, 30, 9-12, 19-107, 3a, 10, 
59-65, 33, 10-16. 57-269, 34, 9-10, 12-16, 67-235, 35, 9-io, 12-16, 19- 
29, 65-215, 39, 9-10, 43-263, 40, 9. 15-65, 70, 205-209. 

To the tribes or dans: Arendarrhonons, 5, 279, 14, 288» 19» 
175, 20, 21-41, 21, 169-175, 247, 23, 151-177. «7» 29; Ataronchro- 
nons, 19, 125, 167- 1 81, 23, 34-41; Attignawantan, 19, 125, 209- 
231, :»3, 43-57, 325. 26, 217-257; Attignenonghac, 11, 17, 19, 125, 
183-207, 21, 169-175, 23, 117-131, 26, 259-291. To Algonkins 
(Tontthrataronons ; Atontrataronnons ?} wintering in Huronia 
(Ste. Elizabeth) — i, 25, 14, 245, 251, 20, 21 ; founded, 11,279, 18, 
260; location, 20, 205, 306, 21, 247, 34, 256; reports, 27, 37-45, 

33, 151-155. 

In villages: Arendaonatia — 14, 13, 45. Arenté — 14, 35, 47, 67, 

97; site, 34, 254. Cahiague — see below St. Jean Baptiste. Ihona- 
tiria (St. Joseph I.) — i, 24, 4, 265, 5, 290, 294, 7, 263, 8, 
99, 153, 283, 294, 303, 307, 14, II, III, 15, 31. 65, in; site, 
5, 294, 34, 253, 45, 221, 272; see also below Resid- 
ences. Ossossané (La Conception) — 10, 235, 13, 187, 209, 
14, 7. 33, 35, 55, 105, 281, 15, 19, 65, 69, 81, in, 141, 16, 223, 
239» «o, 95, 21, 283, 23, 33, 43, 61, 107, 151, 26, 299, 28, 97, 3©, 
67, 37, 171, 175, 39, 245; location, 5, 292, 34, 247, 252-253, 45, 
221; baptisms, 15, 189, 17, 33, 77, 83; a model for other missions, 

34, 105; called by Hurons ''the believing village," 217; pagans 
checked at, 105-107, 217; its warriors slain by Iroquois, 133, 213, 
217-219, 21, 147-167, 23. 43-57, 26, 217-257. St Agnes — 19, 209. 
St Anne — 23, 39; location, 19, 271-272, 34, 255; epidemic, 19, 
167. St. Antoine, Ste. Barbe, Ste. Catherine, and Ste. Cécile, 19, 
209. St. Charles — see below Wenrio. St. Charles (established 
for fugitive Hurons) — 35, 173-175; people go to Christian Island» 
177. St. Denis — 19, 167, 23, 39; location, 19, 271-272, 34, 255. 
St. Etienne — 19, 209. St François Xavier — 19, 171, 209, 223» 
23, 39, 325, 38, 189; location, 19, 272, 34, 255. Ste. Geneviève, 
19, 209. St. Ig^nace (I.) — see below Taenhatentaron. St. Ignace 
(II.)— 5, 297, IO, 319, 34, 115, 40, 43, 71, 399; location, 17, 
241-242, 33, 273-274, 34, 256, 71, 138, 146; founded, 33, 89, 141; 
extent 34, 127; fortified by Jesuits, 123, 39, 247; many of 
its inhabitants flee elsewhere, 34, 125; destroyed by Iroquois, i, 
26, 4. 265, 17, 241, 33, 119, 34, 25-27, 103, 123-125, 256, 39, 247- 
251. St Jean — 19, 167-169, 179, 23, 143; location, 19, 271-272» 



] INDEX V 

^Sf 32Sf 34» 255. St. Jean Baptiste (Cahiagué) — 8, asM, 18, 
255, 19» "5, ao, 21, ai, 171, 247, 283, a6, 299» «7, ag, 31, 37, 41, a8, 
97, «9. 283, 30, 31 ; location, 20, 305, 34, 256-257 ; founded, i4>aB8; 
baptisms at, 20, 37; reports, 1641-44, 2X, 169-175, 23, 151-177» 
^7*29-35; its people dispersed, 33,81 — incorporated with Senecaa^ 
36,179, 44,321. St. Joachim — 20,21,41, 27,29; location, 20,305, 
34, 256. St. Joseph — 10, 319, 326; see above Ihonatiria and be- 
low Teanaustayé. St. Joseph (Christian) Island — 34, 203, 35» 
87-105; see below Ste. Marie II. St. Louis — 13, 269-270^ 
19, 167, 175-177, «3, 39, 35, 161 ; location, 19, 271-272, 34, 255 ; 
part of St. Ignace mission, 127; destroyed by Iroquois, i, 26, 4, 
265, 34, 125-133, 39, 247-249; relics found, 5, 296. Ste. Made- 
leine (Magdelaine) — 10, 326, 19, 209; established, 33, 143; its 
warriors slain by Iroquois, 34, 133. Ste. Marie I. (on-the-Wye) 
— I, 24, 5, 293, 297, 9, 313, 13, 270, 17, 241, 25, 283, 26, 215, 27, 
65, 46, 302, 52, 165; location, 19, 269-270, 34, 249, 252; extent, 
33, 143; a rendezvous for Indians, 11, 279, 26, 201, 211, 215; 
retreat for converts, 201; its dependencies, 23, 39-41, 325, 34, 
255; reports, 1641-44, 21, 141-145, 23, 39-41. 26, 201-215; re- 
moved to Christian Island, 34, 211, 215, 33, 25, 79-85. Ste. 
Marie II. (on Christian Island) — established, 34, 211, 215, 221- 
225; events therein, 35, 25-29, 183-191; removed to Quebec, T7* 
191 -201, 36, 143, 189; ruins, 71, 264; see also below Residences. 
St Martin — 19, 209. Ste. Thérèse — 19, 209, 213. Scan- 
onaenrat (St. Michel) —8, 302-304, 10, 319, 326, 14, 25, 15, 169- 
171, 17, 89-91, 18, 255, 19, 183, 21, 235, 283, 23, 33, 173, a6, 
295, 301, 303, 27, 23, 28, 97, 30, 31, 34, III, 36, 141, 143, 245, 38. 
177, 44, 321, 52, 55 ; location, 13, 270, 34, 254, 36, 246 ; baptisms, 
19, i8q, 19, 207; report, 1644, 26, 293-313; its warriors pursue 
Iroquois, 34, 137, 256; people incorporated with Senecas, 36, 
179. Taenhatentaron (St. Ignace) — 19, 183, 185, 21, 173, 23, 
143, 27, 29, 28, 97, 29, 263, 271, 30, 21; location, 17, 241, 33> 
273-274, 34, 256; baptisms at, 17, loi, 19, 207; inhabitants slain 
by Iroquois, 33, 83-89, 125, 163; abandoned by survivors, 89, 167. 
TeanausUyc (St Joseph) —4, 265, 5, 297, 14, 25, 27, 288, 19, 
183, 20, 95, 21, 171, 205, 235, 283-289, 23, 25, 117, 137, 141-147, I97f 
241, 26, 203, 211, 299, 27, 21, 28, 97, 29, 251, 263, 275, 30, 
31, 99, loi. 33, 99, loi, 141, 35, 137, 41, 181, 197; location, 13, 
269, 34, 247, 254; population, 13, 270; riot against Christians 
at, 30, 101-103; pagans attack missionaries, 34, 185-187; its 
flourishing condition, 33, 259; reports, 1640-44, 21, 169-175, 26, 
259-291; destroyed by Iroquois, 5, 290, 33, 259-265, 34, 87-93, 
103, 39, 239-241, 47, 279; fugitives from, flee to Ste. Marie, 34, 
99. Toanché — 8, 89; location, 5, 293-294, 34, 254. Wenrio (St 



26 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Jesvlts 

JESUITS : Missions in Nbw France and Louisiana (continued)^ 
THS missions: In various tribes (continued)— 

Charles) — IO, 67, 235, 14, 13, «3» 49, I9» 209; location, 8, ogr, 
19, 272, 34, 255. 

To dispersed remnants of the nation: see above Detroit, Mi- 
chillimackinac, and Wisconsin missions; and below Mission colo- 
nies — Lorette, N. D. de Poye, and Orleans Island. 
Illinois (Mission of Immaculate (Conception; Kaskaskias) — i, 
18, 32, 33, 35, 237, 54, 167, 185, 193, 85, 215, 5«, 265, 59, 91-93, "5- 
125, 161, 165, 169, 175, 189-191, 60, 129, 157, 159, 167, 6i, n, 157, 
to, 205, 211, 64, 143, 278-280, 65, 33, 53-57, 65, 67, 71, 79, 187. 263- 
265, 66, 51, 121-127, 209, 245, 247, 267, afip, 291, 341, 344, 34^, 67, 
147, 149, 161, 279, 321, 341-343, 68, 203, 209, 213, 309, 330, 69, 31, 
147, 149, 201, 203, 290, 301, 70. 227, 25s, 317; location, 64, 279, 65, 
103, 66, 219, 227 ; attached to Louisiana, i, 36 ; extent, 223 ; popula- 
tion, 60, 131; founded, 50, 322, 59, 185, 191, 201, 235, 308, 65, 55; 
laborers in, 69, 79, 70, 89, 241, 249, 271, 275-277, 281, 293, 310, 3"» 
71, 126, i6q, 164-165, 169, 177; articles needed for (1702), 66, 

25-33; reports, 51, 47-51, 64, 159-237, 65, 33, 70, 227-237, 263; 
results, 253-257; ruined by intemperance, 69, 201; Jesuits expelled, 
70, 269-281 ^ except Meurin, 229, 271, 291-293. Among C^ho&das — 
65, 105, 264; taken from Jesuits and given to Seminary priests, 64, 
278, 66, 127, 339. Among Peorias — 58, 265, 64, 279, 65, loi, 66, 
247, 265, 279, 287-289, 69, 203, 300. At St. François Xavier, 
(Rouensa's village) — 66, 59. Among Tamaroas — 64, 278, 280, 
65, 71, 103, 105, 66, Z7* 131, 133, 257; see also above Cahokias. 
At Chicago, I, 223, 227, 65, 61, loi, 71, 158, 399; see below Miamis. 
At Vincennes (St. Ange, St. François Xavier), 70, 281. 

Iroquois (Mission of the Martyrs) — i, 27-32, 221, 237, 316-317, 
14, 288, 18, 255-257, 21, 271, 313, 319, 28. 187, 29, 45, 181, 43, 
297-317, 44, 105, 45, 95, 46, 247, 50, 175, 179, 213, 227, 239, 323, 
51, 81-83, 175, 52, 53, 195, 53, 27, 53, 137-237, 245, 54, 43- 
45, 79, 109-113, 171, 251, 55, 39, 75, 91-93, 265-267, 295, 56, 
^7, 57, 25, 53, 79, 58, 75, 227, 251, 59, 75-79, 237, 60, 
135, 147, 173-177, 275, 321, 62, 137, 159, 191, 223, 241-245, 
63, 57-59, 147-149, 169, 261, 64, 277, 66, 203, 69, 77. 7i, 235, 239; to 
upper Iroquois, 47, 113, 175-189, 60, 175 {see below Oayugas, Onon- 
dagas, and Senecas) ; to lower, 175 (see below Mohawks and 
Oneidas) ; di£5culties, 44, 79; aided by government, 69, 285; 
abandoned, 1, 31, 5*, 30i, 72, 14. Reports -- 1655-58, 42, 31-217, 
43, 85-317, 44, 21-81, 149-221; 1661-70, 47, 67-113, 175-219, 49» 
103-117, 50, 175-179, 51, 81-85, 119-143, 167-257, 52, 117-197, 53, 
135-299, 54. 21-123; 1671-79, 55, 39^3, 5*, 27-69, 57, 79-201, 58, 
171-245, 59, 237-251, 60, 173-195, 61, 19-33, 159-237; 1683, 62, 223- 
257; map, 51, 293 — sites, 293-295. 



] INDEX 2« 

Senecas, 8, 293-294, 43» » loi, 47» "3. 330» 49. I4ii 5«» 
53» 195» 197» 84, 75. 79, 81, 271, 56, 27, 51, 57» 191» 5«. «9. a33» 
235, 59» 17. 251, 60, 315, 61, 21, 165, 237, 6a, 227, 229, 71, a36; 
abandoned» 381; reports, 1668-75, 52, 53-55, I95-I97» 54» 79-ia3» 
55» 75-93» 56, 59-69» 57» 191-aoi» 5«» 229-245, 89» 251. At Son- 
nontouan (La Conception), 8, 302, 14, 288, 43, 307, 47» ^ 
5^, 53» 195-197, 54» 57, 79, 56, 27, 58» 233, 61, 21, 225, 237» 6a, 
227; location, 51, 293; reports, 1671-74» 55, 75-93» 56, 59^» 
87, 191-201, 88, 237-245. At Gandagaro (St. Jacques), w. 77* 
81, 86, 2y, 87» 193» 88, 233; location, 51, 293; reports, i670-74, 
M, 75-93» 86, 59-69, 88, 229-235. At Gandachiragou (St. Jean), 
54, 117, 121-123; location, 91, 293. At Gandougaraé (St. 
Michel), 54, 117, 55, 77, 83, 86, 27, 67, 175, 57, 195; location, 51, 
293; a village of Hurons (ff^ also above Scanonaenrat), 44,21,321, 
46, 73, 47» 113, 49, 141, 8^, 55 — and other captives, 54, 81, 85; 
population, 57, 193; burned, su, 79; villages included in this 
mission, 79; reports — 1657, 44, 21-27; 1668-74, 8^, 53-55, I95- 
197, 84» 79-123, 55, 75-93, 56, 59-69, 57, 191-201, 58, 229-235. 

Cayugas, 47, 320, 48, 83, 49» 259, 51, 255, 257, 52, 161, 

53, 257, 55, 67, 58, 227, 59, 77, 245, 61, 21, 165, 237, 62, 229» 71, 
236; gifts from Indians to missionaries, 49, 149; aid needed, 
167; donné cures sick persons, 54, iii; Carheil driven out, 62, 
99-107» 227-231; reports (1657, 1668-75, 1683), 43» 307-317» 5i» 
255-259. 52, 173-193» 54» 53-77, 55» 67-73, 56, 49-57, 57, 177-189, 
58, 225-227, 99, 245-249, 62, 229-231. At Goiogouen (St. 

Joseph), 43, 307-317, 48, 83, 141» 51» 255-257» 53, 257» 54, 53» 109, 
271, 55, 67-73, 56, 27, 57-59, 57, 177-189, 58, 225-227, 6l, 165; 
location, 51, 293; reports, 1669-74, 52, I73-I93, 54, 53->7, 55» 
(>7-7Z, 56, 49-57, 57. I77-I79, 58, 225-227. At Onontaré (St. 
René), 54, 53; location, 51, 293. At St. Etienne (Thiohero), 54, 
53; location, 51, 293. 

Onondagas (St. Jean Baptiste) — i, 28-29, 8, 291, 9, 312, 
40, 221, 41, 39-41, 61-63, 7Z, 99» 199-201, 217-227, 257, 4a, 31-33» 
53-59, 73« 85-89» "9, 201-203, 215-217, 43, 99, 127, I31-I35, 151, 
285-286, 299, 315, 44, 185-187, 191, 199, 45, 31» 35» 47, 69, 113, 
177, 187-189, 48, 83, 129, 49, 257, 51, 251-255, 53, 153, 253, 257, 261, 

54, 45-47, 51, 81, 111-113, 55, 57, 56, 39, 43. 60, 321, 61, 165; 
location, 51, 294; oldest Iroquois mission, 237 — most inqK>rtant, 
44, 35; seminary for Iroquois missions, 43, 315; missionary con- 
ferences at, 53, 245, 84» 109-113; lands granted to, 41, 245-247, 
253; history of first mission there, 44, 185-221 — abandoned, 14, 
288, 44. 95» 149-183, 213-221, 48, 141, 54. Ill, 6i, 269, 71» 381. 
At Gannentaa (Ste, Marie), 41, 258» 43, 257, 30i, 46, 55, 59, 
{see also below Residences); location, 91, 293. Reports — 1654- 
58, 41, 91-135, 217-229, 4«, 31-165, 43, 127-219, 275-305. 44, 



so JESUIT RELA TIONS [JoMdts 

JESUITS: Missions IN Nsw France AND Louisiana (continued)— 

THE missions: In various tribes (continued)^ 
35-^; 1668-76, 51» 237-255, 5«, 153-171, 83, aôi-a» 54, 21-51, 
85, 55-65, 86, 39-47, 57, 127-175, 8«, 207-223, 89, 243-245, 60, 
185-195; 1682-83, 62, 55-107, 231-233. 

Oneidas (St. François Xavier) — 43, 307, 44, 29^ 46, 181, 
50, 211, 217, 324, 51, 81, 119, 131, 149^ 221, 53, 241, 84, m, 86, 
^, 87, 129, 98, 179, i8i, 59, 77f 241, 61, 21, 165, i95, 2ift 6a, 
233; location, 51, 294. G»verts from, found La Prairie mis- 
sion, 63, 151, 155, 169, 197; preserve Milet's life, 64, 67, 89-97, 
275. Reports— 1658, 44, 29-33; 1668-76, 51, 221-235, 52, 145- 
151, 83, 241-259, 88, 45-53, 86, 31-37, 87, "3-125, 88, 179-205, 

59, 241-243, 60, 183-185 ; 1683, 62, 233-237. 

Mohawks (Mission of the Martyrs) — i, 28, 317, 28» 
231, 29, 181, 235, 30, 219, 31. 107, 181-183, 195, 215, 219, 223, 
39, 235, 41. 217, 225, 42, 37-47, 57, 43, 55, 189, 209-211, 44, 189, 
197, 46, 237-245, 48, 297, 80, 211, 217, 51, 81, 121, 145, 52, S3, 
262, 53, 199, 237, 84, III, 277, 279, 87, 79, 88, 171, 89, 75, 

60, 315, 321, 61, 21, 165, 173-175, 237, 62, 107, 237, 63, 171 ; lo- 
cation, 91, 295; includes six villages, 53, 153. Reports — 164Ô, 
29, 45-63; 1668-76, 81, 179-219, 82, 117-143, 83, 137-239, 88, 41- 
43. 86, 27-29, 97, 81-111, 98, 171-177, 89, 237-241, 60, 177-183; 
1683, 62, 237-241. At Gandaouagué (St. Pierre), 39, 195, 51, 

187-191, 195, 201, 52, 133, 83, 145, 87, 87, 159, 89-111, 89, 241, 

60,179^ 61,209, 62,275, 63,169. At Oneugiouré (Holy Trinity), 

29, 53, 59-61. At Ste. Marie — reports, 91, 179-219, 57, 87-87. 

Miamis — 64, 143, 68, 322, 70, 229, 245, 71, 148, 156. With 

Mascoutens, 94, 227-231, 58, 23, 27, 35, 61-63, 265, 60, 197, 207, 

At Chicago (Guardian Angel), i, 223, 237, 65, 61, loi, 187, 71, 

158, 399; founded by Pinet, 64, 278; Jesuits obliged to leave, 65, 

53-55- Allouez with, 1683, 62, 205-209; 1689, 71, 148. At St 

Joseph's River, i, 35, 237; Aveneau labors in, 63, 302, 66, 213- 

215, 339; lands granted to, 64, 279; part of Canada missions, 70, 

277; abandoned, 277, 31a 

Montagnais — 1, 15-17, 20, 219, 6, 326, 14, 125, 129, 131, ao, 187, 
21, 83, 87, 22, 223, 243, 23, 327, 24, 37, 39, 123, 143, 26, 103, 129, 
141, 143, 29, 65, 125, 305, 30, 139, 187, 35, 273, 36, 49, 223, 37, 
135. 183, 39, "9, 40, 247, 46, 71-73, 109, 47, 61, 167-173, 51, 267, 
52, 215-227, 59, 57, 60, 147, 61, 75, 87, 62, 217, 68, 29, 79, 69, 79b 
70, 87; Jesuits winter with' Indians, 4, 265-266, 5, 275, 34, 246^ 
35, 55, 36, 53-55, 47, 309, 48, 231 (see Albanel, Brébeuf, Le Jeune, 
Noue, and Nouvel) ; converts invite other tribes to become Chris- 
tians, 39, 275; confirmed by Laval, 51, 279; mission discontinued, 
96, 302, 68, 51 ; reopened, by Laure, 27 (see also his RelaHon 
du Saguenay, 25-117). See also above Tadoussac mission. 



J«MiiU] INDEX SI 

Neutral Nation (Mission of the Angels) — 4, 265, 18, 39-43» Ml* 

31, 155, 183. a83, J3. 35» I79r 183» 34» 163, ao5; missionaries aided 
\3j Huron converts, 37, 21-23; reports, 1641, 1644, ax, 1Q7-437, 27, 
21-27. Mission villages and their sites — Kandoucho (All Saints), 
21, 316-317; Khioetoa (St. Michel), 16, 259, ai, 231-233» 36, 248; 
N. D. des Anges, 21, 317; St. Alexis and St. Joseph, 317, 36, 
248; Teotongniaton (St. Goillaume), 21, 225, 317, 36, 248. 

Ottawas— I, 32-35, 221, 237, 23, 327» 33, 271, 34, 247, 44» 
237» 322, 47, 317. 48, 115» 49» 161-163, 215, 243» 249» 50, 227, 
249» 322, 32s, 51» 73» 139» 173» 175» a6i, 54» I43-I4S» I7S-I77» 
58» 35, 185» 191» 57» 235» 59» 69, 71, 197» 2Q3, 217. 221, 306» 

60, 129, 147» 215, 61, 69, 73, 95» 97, lOi, 62, 191, 215, 65, i97» 66, 
207, 215. 338, 68, 285, 329» 332, 69, 79, 129, 70, 87, 71, 147» Î49» 
238. 242, 319. 357, 399; results, 70, 245. Reports — 1667, 5», 21- 
25; 1670-79» 55» 95-155» 56, 91-147» 57» 203-205, 60, 197-229, 61, 
^73» 93-157; 1683, 62, 193-201. At Manitoulin (Elaentouton) 
Island (St Simon)— 34» 103, 205. 55» 99» I7i, 56, 93. 95» 99. *«» 
203; report, 1671, 53, 133-155» 59» 217. With Kiskakons — - 57, 318; 
become Christians, 52, 205, 59, 201. 

Papinachois — i, 15, 219, 18, 257» 22, 219, 24, I55. 47, 309» 4«» 
231» 279, 49, 23-25, 159, 161, 50, 117» 193» 211, 51» 75» 147, 5«, 219, 
223, 53i 59, 85, 56, 87, 89, 57» 318, 59» 25, 27, 37. 39» 253» 60, 147, 

61, 75, 87, 62, 223, 65, 187; Christianized, 33, 275. Reports — 
1665, 50, 21-35; 1667, 51» 75-79; 1720-30, 68, I0I-IQ7. 

Petuns (Tobacco Hurons; Mission of the Holy Apostles) — i, 
26, 8, 135, 290, 307, 14» 35. 15» 157» 19» 125, 20, 97, 307, 21, 125, 
157. 283, 291, 23, 179, 181, 33, 143» 34, 203, 205, 35» 107, 40, IS» 
45; dangers and difficulties, 35, 163; aided by Charlotte de Omdé, 

32, 137; reports, 1640-41, ao, 43-67, 21, 177-183. At Ehwae (St. 
Pierre and St. Paul), 21, 181, 35, 291; location, ao, 45, 307-308, 
35» 291 ; Jesuits persecuted at, ao, 61. At Ekarenniondi (St 
Mathias, St. Mathieu), 8, 308, ao, 43, 30, 306, 35. I47. 159, 40, I9b 
41; location, 20, 308; founded, 33, 143; conspiracy against Jes- 
uits at, 39, 165-169. At Etarita (St. Jean), 8, 308, ao, 43; loca- 
tion, 308, 35, 291, 71, 142; founded by Gamier, 33. 143. 35. 
133» 40» 31; population, 35, 107; famine at, 40, 35; destroyed by 
Iroquois, 35» ai» 107-117» I47-I49, 163» 167, 40, IS-19, 35- St 
André, St. Barthélémy, St. Jacques, St. Jacques and St Philippe, 
St. Simon and St. Jude, and St. Thomas, ao, 43, 307-308. At 
Michillimackinac (St. Ignace), 51, 21, 57, 249^ 61, 69, IQ3. 

Pottawattomies — on W. shore of Lake Michigan (St Midiel), 
23» 325, 44, 245-247, 324; about Green Bay, 54» 203, 265, 58, 37-39. 
298 — reports, 16^, 1670, 51, 27-41, 54, 211-215; at St Joseph 
River, I, 221, 237, 66, 279-285, 347-348; results, 70, 245. 



JESUIT RELATIONS [Jeioite 

JESUITS: Missions in Nkw Pilancb and Louisiana (continued) — 
THx missions: In various tribes (continued) — 
Souriquois (Micmacs) — !, 14, 129, 139, 163-173, 179-183, J, 7- 

«3. 51-55. 81-105, 2ii-ai5. 377-385, 3» 141-373. 4, 81-89. »4, 3io- 
Missionaries, hindered by Huguenots, i, 131-135, 3, 83, 175, 213- 
ai5, 221, 233, 3, 173; slandered, a, 333, .237; remove from Port 
Royal to St Sauveur, a, 211, 3, 261-265; captured by English, a, 
an, 259, 3, 5-7, 4. 13; taken to Virginia, i, 131, a. 265, 3, 9, 4, 31; 
conveyed to England, a, 267-273, 3, 15-17; reach France, a, 275, 
309, 3, 19, 4, 75. See also Acadian mission. 

Minor missions: Achirigouans (Atchiligouans) — 18, 259, 30, 
113, 115. Alibamu— I, 37, 67. 279, 342, 69, 33, 203, 205, 70, 
227, 229, 237, 267. Amalingans (Amirgans) — 67, 183-195. Ami- 
koués — I, 32, 10, 322, 35, loi, 56, 93-95» 57, 243, 60, 215, 221, 
6a, 203, 67, 161; see Algonkin mission (of Apostles). Bayo- 
goulas — I, 223, 318, 65, 171. Bersiamites (Guardian Angel) — 
18, 258 ; fotmded by De Quen, 37, 233-239. Cha'htas (Choctaws) 
— 67, 279, 342, 68, 183, 195-197, 219, 328, 69, 7g, 203, 70, 227, 267; 
Jestiits retain them in alliance with French, 239-241. Chepe- 
wyans (Ouant Chipouanes) — planned, 68, 237-239, 249-253, 332. 
Crées (Christinauz, Kilistinons; St François Xavier) — 18, 259, a3, 
327, 41, 257. 46, 173. 291, 48, 237, 68, 237, 249, 287, 315; report, 1667, 
51. 57-59. Etechemins — see Rivière du Lioup mission. Gaspesians — 
60, 263, 61, 75. Houmas (Humas) — 65, 149, 155, 266. Islanders — 
^5. 113; <'« Mission at Three Rivers. Kickapoos (Kikarous) — I. 
221; with Mascoutens (St Jacques), 58, 23, 59, 221 — baptisms 
9caixm%^ 54, 233; with Illinois, 65, 69; Guignas with, 68, 207-209, 33a 
Kitchigamich — baptisms among, 54, 233. Loups — instructed by 
Rale, 67. 241 ; at St. François de Sales, 65. 187. Mascoutens (St 
Jacques) — ao. 308, 55, 191, 98, 59, 293; Indian population, 23; 
reports, 1671-79. 55. 199-307. 5*. 21-37, 59, 221-225, 60, 207, 61, 155- 
157. Menomonees (Folles- Avoines; St Michel) — 54, 205, 235,59, 
93-97, 60, 203; report, 1674, 58, 273-281. Metchigamea — visited 
by Marquette, 59, 1 51-153, 65, 264; in Tamaroa mission, 105. 
Micmacs — l, 14; j^/ Mission to Souriquois. Mississaguas — 18, 259, 
55, loi, 133-137. 57. 215-219, 60, 225-229, 61, 97, 6a, 203. Mistas- 
sins — I, 219, 59, 25, 41-47. 253, 6a, 223, 65, 187, 69, 129. Natches — 
I. 37. 65, 135, 67, 311. 317; kill missionaries, 341, 68, 121, 71, 
168. Nipissings — at Lake Nipissing {see Algonkin missions); at 
Lake Nipigon (1667), 51, 63-69. Ojibwas (Sauteurs) — visited by 
Jesuits, II, 279, 15, 247, 18, 237. a3, 223-227; Allouez with, 51, 61; 
results, 70, 245. Oumamiois — 59, 49; ^//Bersiamites. Piskitang — 
40, 235. Porc-épics (Porcupines) — 14, 287, 31, 249-255, 37, 211-229, 
333. 40, 235, 46, 304, 56, 211 ; see also Lake St John mission. Sacs 



] INDEX 9i 

(Ousaki) — 50, 309. 54. aoQ, 60, 201, 6a, 205, 67, 161, 68, 257; report. 
1667, 51, 43-45. Sioux (Dakotas, Nadoessiooz) — i, 12, 50, 327, 54, 
167, 65, 53, 187, 227, 66, 107, 338, 68, 207, 275, 281, 285-289. 3*9-331. 
69, 43; aided by king, 285; report, 1667, 51, 53-55. Tonicas — 
visited by Jesuits, 67, 305-309. Wlimebagoes — I, 12, 32, 10, 248. 
94» 237» 60, 201-203, 67, 161. Yaasoos — 67, 317. 

Residences: in Canada, 7, 263, 43, 299; in Huronia, 13, 81, 17, 87, 
103, 205, 18, 17, a7, 67, ap. 257; in Northwest, 6a, 193; maintained 
by Company of New France, 7, 265-267, 312, 4a, 273; styled " col- 
leges " by English, 71, 65, 395- 

At Cahiagné (St. Jean Baptiste) — 39, 257. 

Cap Ste. Magdeleine (de la Magdelaine) — 47, 253. See Mow 
Laprairie. 

Chicoutimi — 6a, 217, 68, 109, 326. 

Christian Island. See below Ste. Marie II. 

Detroit— 69, 243, 251, 257-259. «67, 305. 

Gannentaa (Ste. Marie) — 40, 219-221, 43, z8i, 207, 281, 44, 161, 175. 

Green Bay (De Pere; St François Xavier) — 98, 43, 99, 69, 61, 
93, 149-151. 6a, X93. 

Ihonatiria (St Joseph) — 7, 263, 8, 107-109, 153, 9, 299, 10,236- 

249. ■■. 7. ". I9-«I. >4. "I. 19. 31. 35. 59. ^5, i", I57, i<^. 189. 4», 
299; rebuilt, 10, 249; named St Joseph, 317; chapel at, 14, 85, 93- 
95; smallpox at, 11, 13, 14, 27; removal, 19, 141; abandoned, 5, 294, 

■7. ". 59- 
Lake Quinogaming — 6a, 217. 

Laprairie (de la Magdelaine; Cap Ste. Magdeleine) — 47, 320, 

99. 33« 
Lorette — 71, 105. See below Mission colonies. 

Metabetchouan — 60, 253, 63, 263. 

Michillimackinac (St François de Borgia) — 6a, 193. 

Misoon (St Charles) — 7, 263, 312, 8, 47, 30, 129. 

Montreal — I, 20, la, 275, 40, 61, 85, 99. 316, 60, 315, 323, 66, 163, 
340, 68, 281, 332, 69, 43, 71, 65, 105, 387, 394; erection postponed, 
^7. 93-95 ; ^ shelter for Indian neophytes, 36, 201-203 ; abandoned, 
47» 353; reestablished, 64, 278; view, 135; plan, 151; situation, 153; 
college at, 149; inmates, 36, 201-203, 65, 187, 66, 211, 69, 77, 70, 
85; expenses, 69, 285; liable to town tax, 67, 53; royal decree 
regarding, 51*53; rent-charge upon, 71, 105-107; Casot disposes of 
its property, 395 ; appropriated by government, 394. 

Nepisiguit (Nepigiguit, Nipisiguit) — i, 221, 237. 11%, 25, 35. ai3. 
30, 131-135; location, 141; founded, 3a, 41; supported by Misoou 
Company, 30, 137. 

New Orleans — 69, 31; inmates, 79, 203, 70, 87-89; library» 
289-291. 



84 J ES UIT RELA TIONS [JeanlU 

JESUITS: Missions in Nbw France and Louisiana (continued) — 
THK missions: Residences (continued)— 

N. D. de Bon Désir — 68, 83, 97-99. 

N. D. de Foy — 57, 47. 

N. D. de Récouvrance — location, 7, 263; lent by Hundred Asso- 
ciates, 4J, 299. 

N. D. des Anges. See Quebec. 

Onondaga. See abave^ Gannentaa. 

Orleans Island— -37, 181, 43, 117. 

Ossossané (La Conception) ~ 11, 17, 19, la, 257, 14, 15, 15, 19, 59, 
65, III, 141. 149» 157, 185, 193, 195, 239, 16, 223, 239. 249, 17, 11, 29. 
59» 63, 7^83, 95, "9. 135, 145. 167, 193, l8. 355» 19. 83, 113, 125, 215, 
239» 259» ^O. 45» 95. ^, 239» ^9» 257» 3^» Bi, 4^. «99; location. 17, 
179; view, 34, 105, 7". 217; established, li, 17-19, 14. 25, 55-59» 67- 
69, 73. 105, 15, 17; fire at, 53, 39, 137; its dependencies, 19, 209; 
flourishing condition, 33, 141; chapel, 15, 57, 83, 87, 139 — how built, 
175; removed to Ste. Marie, 19, 133-135. 

Ste. Anne (Cape Breton Island) — 7, 263, 4a, 299. 

St. François Xavier du Sault — 60, 277. 

St. Ignace (Mich.) — 59. 7i» 60, 215, 61, 93, 123, 127, 133, 6a, 193. 

St. Joseph River (Holy Guardian Angel ; Miamis)-— i, 223, 237, 64, 

279- 
Ste. Marie of the Htuxms I. (Ste. Marie-on-the-Wye) — 8, 290, 291, 

307, "8, 37, 255, 19. 89, III, 125, 272, ai, 129, 141, 205, 249, aa, 303. 
a3, 147, 225. a5, 87, a6, 201, 203, 207, 211, 215, a7, 65. a8. 97, 237. 30. 
99. 151» 306, 33. 65, 139. 34. 127, zz, 137, 40, 23, 35, 37, 41, 39, 4a, 
53. 55; why thus named, 19, 137; location, 133, 269-270, ai, 189, 
303-305, a3, 21, ZZ^ 149, 253, 34, 249, 252; other residences merged 
in, 19, 133; description, a3, 19-37; center of mission work, 19, 133, 
167, a9, 257-259, 34, 203; resort for missionaries, 19, 137, a3, 245. 
34, 95; resort for converts, 33, 133, 141, 33, 77, loi, 231, 247, 257. 
34, 113, 119. 199, 38» 285; excellent spirit among inmates, ZZ% 267; 
statue of Virgin at, 30, 95; fugitive Hurons flee to, 34, 99; threat- 
ened by Iroquois, 131-133, 197, 39> 251; buildings destroyed by 
Jesuits, 34, 213, 223, 35, 25, 81-83; removed to Christian Island, 40, 
47 ; relics discovered, 36, 245 ; plan, 19, 270 ; site bought by Jesuits, 

8, 295. 

Ste. Marie II. (on Christian Island) — established, 34, 21 1-2 15, 
221-225, 40, 47; fortified, 34, 225, 252, 35, 25, 85; abandoned, 75; 
Huron refugees fight with Iroquois at, 36, 181 ; chapel bell found, 
245 ; remains described, 252 ; site, 34, 249, 252. 

Scanonaenrat (St Michel)— 39, 257, 33, 141. 

St. Xavier des Près (Pre*) — 56, 19-25. See above Laprairie. 

Sault de Ste. Marie — 58, 257-259, 61, 93, 6a, 193; burned, 59, 71. 



] INDEX 85 

Sillery (St Joseph) — 14, 105-9x9, 325, »75. «5. «33, 16, 59. 67, loi, 
155. 319, 19. 33. 41, 49i 57, 67, JO, 319, 333, 347, »1. 67-71, 77, 81-83, 
9X, 103. 109, 117, JJ, 41, 63, 73, 93, 133, 149» 169, 173. ^3, 303, ^4, 187, 
J5, 117. 161, 193, 361. a6, 137, J7, 337, 339, j8, 169, 317, 39, 39. 
65, 235. 30, 153. 159, 197, 203. 369, 375. 3«. 155, 165. 183, 185. 337. 3J, 
33. 81, IDI. 103, 195, 309, 331, 355. 33, 49-53, 34, 43, 47. 63, 35, 41, 
337, 40, 6x, 195, 303, 235, 49. US, 371, 47, 255. 60, 131; location. 
ao, 341; midnight mass, 135; yisitors there regaled, 33, 85; gifts 
for, 67-69, 75; baptisms, ao, 309-310, 37, 67; burials, 3a, 141, 307; 
priests resident, 37, 147; burned, 43, 331-333; Jesuits decide to 
rebuild, 45, 115, 7a, 15; house yet standing, 14. Set also below 
Mission colonies. 

Tadoussac — a6, 119, 47, 363, 68, 81; buildings erected, 37, 185; 
destroyed by fire, 66, 43, 68, 79. 

Taenhatentaron (St Ig^ce) — 39, 357. 

Teanaustayé (St Joseph) — 14, 388, 16, 239, 349, 17,47, 89, 99, 
137, 179, 189, 193, 341. 19, "3. 173. 183, 195, a9t 257; esUblished, 
17, 61; dependencies, 19, 183; merged in Ste. Marie, 133-135. 

Three Rivers (La Conception) — 6, 43, 59, 81, 7, 263, 279-281, 289, 
307, 8, X9-21. 4Q, 59, «47, «9«, 9. 59. 85. "9. IQ3, 227, 30i, 306, II, 
65, 93. 129, 235, 13, 99, 125, 131, 195, 217, 14, 279, 16, 117. 155, 171, 
217, 253, »8, III, 119, 183, 256, 19. 23. 67, ao, 41, 243, 33, 41, 127, 
a3, 253. »5, 213, 253. 36, 23. 37, 271, 38, 237, 39, 17, 95. 31. 257, 265. 
36, 127, 39, 159, 163, 177, 40, 61, 235, 4a, 299, 47. 253; location, 17, 
233 ; baptisms at, 9, 7, 31-35, 40-45, 59, ^*o, 185 ; account of its affairs, 
259-299, 309; engagés at, 33, lox, 34, 23; chapel, 35, 241 ; new build- 
ing erected, 39-41, 36, 129. 

Of Europe — 60, 312. In France — 10, 95, 44, 61; Bordeaux (Pro- 
fessed House), 73, 18; Caen, 34, 245; Dieppe, 5, 275, 15, 249; Paris, 
36, 71— Maison Professe, 4, 256, 30, 303, 38, 187, 41, 169; Orléans, 
6, 55; Versailles, 30, 16. 

Mùsion colonies {y^^<Axoù&y. of Paraguay, 14, 287 — history, 13, 
276; of Canada, 14, 287; advocated for Iroquois tribes, 57, 69-71; 
agricultural, i, 31, la, 276, 33, 107, 239. 

Sillery (Montagnais and Algonkins ; St Joseph) — i, 14, 17, 6, 327, 8, 
291, 296, 9, 306, 16, 19, 31, 59, 67, loi, 135, 141, 18, 75. 87, 213, 243, 19, 
23, 67, 30, 279, ««, 77, 83, 91, "7. M, 43, 75, 83, 85. 169, 239. 33, 27, 
151, 279, 283, 297, 303, 34, 23, 161, 35, 147, 207. 239, 253, 259, 37, 
loi. 163, 312, 313, 38. 203, 269, 277, 285, 316, 39, 201-205, 209, 211, 31, 
155, 163, 3a, 95, 35, 35, 3<^, 131, 37. 1B3, 241, 259. 38, 61. 65, 179, 
231, 40, 309, 41, 181-183, 197, 43, 35-41, 301, 44, 119, 46, 189, 47. 
277, 279, 289, 48, 107, 159, 49, loi, 171, 50, 119, 181, 337, 51. 67, 373, 
53, 37, 337, 83, 61, 63, 56, 155, 58, 296-397, 60, 8i, 317, 251; why 
named, 14, 287; location, 60, 131; founded and endowed by Noël 



S6 JESUIT RELA T/ONS [JmuIU 

JESUITS: Missions in Nkw Francs and Louisiana (continued) — 
TRB missions: Mission colonies (continued) — 

de Sillery, i, 19, 14, 127, 181, 205, 209, 215. 225. 287. 15. 233. ■*. 75. 258, 
JO, 309, Ji, 109, J3, 307, 325, 34, loi, j8, 317, 70, 207; funds of Huron 
seminary used for, 6, 327; St Michael its patron, 50, 133; Jesuits 
own lands at, 7, 312 — subject to rent, 38, 211; lands granted to 
them, in trust for Indians, 36, 250, 47, 263, 299, 66, 43-47 — later in 
their own right, 340; account of its first settlers, 16, 75-11 1 ; Indians 
at, 14» 195. «>5-22i, 275, 16, 19, 31. 35, 18, 171, ao, 233, ja. 137. aj. 

309, 313. 317-319. ^4. 33. 47, 53-55, 67. 103-105, 1x3. I75. 183-185, 189, 
195, ao3, a67, as, 109, 117-121, 143-145. 153. 159. 165. 179, 185, 189, 205, 
213, 243. «49. 263, 277, a6, 75. 81, 93, J7, 91, loi, 269, a8, 153. 183, 
201, 225, 247, ap, 67. 201-203, 30, 155. 36. 141. 37, 183. 241, 3^ 191» 
197, 40, 197, 201-203, '207. 45. 271, 48, 61, 65, 99. 55. 313, 70, 207, 
7a, 15; a Montagnais rendesvous, 5a, 223-225; houses built for 
Indians, 18, 79-81 ; hospital at, i, 19, 16, 258, ao, 235-237, 251, a4, 
23, 159-187, 31, 163 — removed to Quebec, 1, 19, as, 195; its charity 
to Indians, aa, 169, a4, 157. Importance of this mission, 5a, 227; 
fortified, 1, 19, 30, 179, 34, 63, 36, 141-143. 250, 38, 67; a refuge for 
converts, 30, 179, 36, 193, 229, 48, 63; a resort for pilgrims, 47, 299, 
58, 147, 60, 73; expenses, a7, 103; its benefactors, ai, 109-111; 
gains jubilee, a7, m ; services at, to honor Gand and Noël de Sillery, 
ai, 109; not a parish, 30. 203; regulations concerning temporal 
affairs, a8, 185; included with C^p Rouge, 38, 183; oven and brew- 
ery at, a8, 239, 247; buildings destroyed by fire, 43, 49-51, 221-223; 
Jesuits decide to rebuild. 45, 115, 7a, 15; fur trade at, 30, 187; 
Indian population, aa, 155, a3, 303, a4, 157, 30, 155, 60, 131; rem- 
nants of Indian tribes dwell here, 6a, 161 ; French settle at, 30, 203, 
33, 51. 40, 203, 47, 255; agriculture practiced, i, 19, 18, 109-111, a8, 
185, 3a, 239. Jesuits at, 16, 31, 219, ao, 309. aa, 65, 73, 133, 137, 
239. 317, «3, 273, 309-311. 315. 327, «4, 59, as, 33, 109, 205-207, a7, 
77. 81, 97. 233, a8, 145, 161, 183, 187, 221, 320, 30, 173-175. 37. 41, 69. 
79. 47. 263, 55, 25, 60, 311, 319, 6a, 261-263, 63, 296; their servants, 
33, 307, a8, 169; advise in election of chief s, 18, ioi-103; in charge of 
HuroQS, reside here, 98, 137; monument erected to Massé, I, 20, 315, 
a8, 317; reports, 1639-48, 16, 75-111. I35-I47, iS. 91-211, «O, 143- 
231, aa. 47-133, ^3. 117-149. 303-319, ^4, 21-65, as, 117-191. »9, 65- 
93, 3i, 139-181. 3a, 193-257; 1650-52. 3S, 217-235, 36, 193-195, 37. 
X47-167; 1657, 43, 221-235; 1663, 48, 63-71; register of baptisms, 
cited, ao, 309-3x0, a8, 117, 71, 231, 373-374. Reverses and ruin of 
mission, i, 19, 33, 217, 233, S9, 29, 60, 131, 6a, 259, 66, 43. 47, 340. 
See also Chapels, Churches, and above Residences. 

Indians resident there go away to hunt, a3, 315-317, ^^^ x6i, 
a7, 143, 203. 207, 30. 157, 165, 231-233, 3a, 107, 259-275, 34, 6$; 



I 

I 

I 

I 

I 



] INDEX 87 

fish for eels, as, 307-309; dear land, 3J, 107; go to war, 30, 173, 
181-183, 3a, 95, 35, 217; encounter ht>quois, 31, 171-175; treat 
Iroquois captives humanely, 27, 233-245 ; bum others, 30, i93-i95, 
39, 23, 145; attacked by Sokokis, a8, 269, 289; betrayed by a 
Huron, they punish traitor, 35, 219-221; desire instruction, 34, 
187; their poverty, loi; aid given them, 33, 305, J4, 119, J7, 
III, 37, 147-149; elect chiefs, 18, 99-105, jj» 169; visit Three 
Rivers, 3a, 93 ; go to Gaspé, 95, 103 ; harangue governor, 131 ; 
feasted by Jesuits, a8, 215, 3a, 91; allies of Abenakis, 38, 41; 
hospitality to Attikamègues, 37, 75 ; trade with Papinachois, 5a, 
219; send message to Plymouth colony, 36, 85, 89. 

Converts of this mission, 18, 119, aa, 115, 33, 295, a4, 97, loi, 
125, 133, 143, a7, 121, 141, 173, 191, 197, 199, a9, 81, 41, 181. 
43i 223; trade with Montagnais, a4, 155; invite Montagnais to 
join them, 18, iii; visit Tadoussac, aa, 219; their piety and other 
virtues, 14, 217-219, 18, 123, 171, ao, 143-159. I77» aa, 43-45» 35* 
267; their reputation, a8, 269; honor Madame de laPeltrie, 18, 
159; ready to aid French against Iroquois, ai, 67-73; send presents 
to Hurons, aa, 89; some, settle at Three Rivers, ao, 259; gain 
control of colony, 18, 99-103 ; order women to embrace 1;^e faith, 
107; will not tolerate vice or infidelity, 95, loi, 107, 139, 173- 
175) 203, 33, 49-55» 3^» I93-I95; abolish superstitious rites, ao, 
259; strive to convert Attikamègues, a4, 97; influence on Hurons, 
a6, 293 ; spend Easter season at Quebec, a8, 169, 183 ; punish quar- 
reling man and wife, 205. 

Sillery (Abenakis; St. Michel or Missel) — I. 14-15, 19, 60, 105, 
319, 6a, 271, 276, 64, 51, 65, 264, 66, 339-340, 69, 288, 71, 227, 234; 
founded by Bigot, 57, 313, 6a, 259-267; Abenakis come from Acadia, 
261-267; population, 60, 133, 66, 340; abandoned, i, 20, 66, 340. 
Reports— 1677, 60, 131-139. 231-243; 1681-85, 6a, 25-53, 109-149, 
259-267, 63, 27-99, 101-137 (on suppression of intemperance among 
Indians). 

St François de Sales (Abenakis) — 1, 15, 17, 20, 221, 237, 57, 
318, 6a, 271, 65, X87, 263, 66, ;34o, 69, 288, 71, 226, 227, 234; lands 
granted to, 6a, 276; converts send collar to tomb of their patron 
saint, 63, 31, 299, 71, 233 ; removed to St. Prançois-du-Lac, 66, 345. 
Reports — 1684-85, 63, 27-137; 1710, 66, 175-181. 

Bécancour (Abenakis) — 6a, 271, 66, 346, 67, 29, 55, 57, 61» 69, 
289; founded, 66, 345; population, 67, 35. 

St François (Xavìer)-du*Lac (Abenakis) — la, 274, 69, 267, 66, 
205, 207, 211, 340, 341, 345. 346, 67. 29-33, 55, 67, 121, 129, 131. 
69. 73t 7>. 280; location, 66, 205, 67, 135; strategic importance, 35; 
founded, 66, 205, 345; population, 135; ^relations with Chartres 
cathedral, 69, 69-73, 286-287, 71, 287-288; chief village of Abenaki 



38 J ES UIT RELA TIONS [JcMltS 

JESUITS: Missions in New Francs and Louisiana (continued) — 
THX missions: Mission colonies (continued) — 

mission, 70, 91 ; English prisoners at» sent home, 201 ; attacked by 
English troops, 1, 20; church destroyed by fire (1759), 66, 344; 
memoirs relating to, 71, 226-227, 234. 
Orleans Island and Quebec (Hurons) — 35, 215, 36, 143, 189, 203- 

221, 38. 231. 41. 19-33, 137-139, 43, 105, 117, 45. «43-245, 5^. 19, I55, 
53, III. 131. 84. 269, 285, 55. 51, 57, [69, 59, 8i, 70, 207; converts 
brought hither from Huronia, 35, 51, 191-207, 215; aided at Quebec, 
209-211 ; land donated by Giffard, 6, 326; Jesuits resolve to aid, 35, 39; 
established on Orleans Island, 18, 255, 23, 327, 36, 117, 203, 40, 165, 
223; their industry, 35, 211; aided by convents, 209, 36, 55, 59; 
their number, 59, 250, 45, 243 — augmented, 36, 143, 189, 203, 250; 
agriculture among, 117, iqi, 203, 40, 223; expenses of supporting, 
36, 203, 250, 41, 139; sources of income, 36. 250, 41, 256; harangued 
by Jesuits, 23; pious observances among, 139-175; hostilities 
with Mohawks, 4a, 33, 49, 63, 43, 105-125; most of them carried 
away by Iroquois, 45-59, 187-207; the rest remove to Quebec, 45, 
245; their warriors slain at the Long Sault, 245, 255, 46, 61; con- 
firmations by Laval among, 45, 107; a small remnant, 49, 48, 61; 
welcome Tracy, 49, 227 ; remove to Côte de St Michel, 5a, 229, 54, 
287. Reports — 1651, 36, 203; 1657, 43, 187-207, 237-255; 1664, 49, 
75-101; 1664-66 (Huron captives among Iroquois), 103, 117, 50, 

XI 5-1 17; 1668, 5a, 19-43- 

Côte de St. Michel (Hurons; Annonciation de Nostre Dame — see 
N. D. de Foye) — removed hither (1669) from Quebec, 5a, 229, 54, 
287, 70, 207; reports, 1669-70, 5a, 229-243, 53, 97-133- 

N. D. de Foye (Hurons; continuation of above) — 55, 35, 56, 29, 67, 
58, 171, 296, 60, 27, 71, loi, 61, 213; pilg^mages and miracles, 54, 
287, 56, 27; population, 287, 60, 69; removed to Lorette, 57, 47, 317, 
58, 131, 149 — reasons therefor, 147, 60, 71; reports, 1671-74, 54, 287- 

301, 55^ 24^313, 57, 37-77, 5«, 131-147. 

Lorette (Ancienne, or Vieille; Hurons) — 1, 27, 16, 258, 57, 47, 65, 
58, 131, 133, 59. 8i, 60, 81, 61, 105, 169, 215, 6a, 39, 195, 257, 63, 155, 
161, 187, 64, 51, 59, 70, 207, 71, 71, 274; known as *' Indian" Lorette, 
58, 296; location, I, 219, 58, 296, 60, 71. 145; founded, 37, 47, 317, 
58, 131, 149; advantages of location, 147; plan, 60, 79; cost, 75; popu- 
lation, 58, 296, 60, 27, 83, 145, 6a, 169; remnants of tribes at, 161 — 
Iroquois, 60, 27-31, 69, 83, 295; resort for pilgrims, 95-99, 6a, 
257, 64, 49; Jesuits at, 50, 324, 58, 131, 60, 69, 145, 297-299, 303. 61, 
43. 215-217, 273. 6a, 169, 257, 274-275, 63, 149, 64, 274-275; converts 
send gifts to Loreto, 18, 256; encourage those of Sault St Louis, 
63, 193; exchange gifts with Chartres cathedral, 61. 249-267, 271- 
273, 69, 286, 71, 2x8, 287-288, 379; remove to New Lorette, 64, 374. 



JeMdte] INDEX 39 

Reports — 1673-78, 58, 131-169, 60, 27-65, 295-309, 61, 35-49; 1683, 
6a, 257; Bonvart's history and description, 60, 69-103, 315, 316. 

Lorette (Jeune; Hurons) — i, 21g, 237, 16, 258, ay, 315, 60, 322, 
65. 187. 66. 147, 153, 163. 169, 173. 203. 67. 117, 68, 283, 319, 70, 207, 
310, 71, 71, 274; location, 58, 296; described, 70, 207-209; converts 
brought from Ancienne Lorette, 58, 296, 64, 274, 70, 205; their 
moral conduct, 66, 15 7-1 59, 68, 267; military ardor, 66, 159-163; 
chosen by Vaudreuil as his body-guard, 163; Jesuits in this mission, 
64, 274, 66, 173, 203, 344. 67, 147, 331, 68. 283, 319, 331, 333, 69, 59, 
63, 77, 289, 70, 87, 71, 105 ; mill at, 105 ; modem dress of the women, 
6a, 276; report, 1710, 66, 147-173; history, 58, 296, 71, 308. 

Prairie de la Magdelaine (Hurons) — 57, 75, 58, 171, 59, 275-281, 
289, 60, 277, 63, 181. See also below La Prairie. 

La Prairie (Prairie, or Cap de la Magdelaine ; St François Xavier 
des Prés; Iroquois) — 47, 320, 48, 295, 5a, 23, 60, 277, 309, 321, 322. 
61, 169, 173, 201, 205, 209, 6a, 275; location, 55, 33; foundation, i, 

30, 48, 295. 5^» «94» 63, 151-153. 161; tribes at, 56, 19. 58, 75. 207- 
209, 63, 181; population, 60, 145, 277; Laval visits, 59, 271-285, 60, 
147 ; its Indian chiefs, 277 ; community of goods among converts, 
63, 165; transferred to Sault St. Louis, 60, 275, 61, 241, 63, 191; 
Jesuits at, 14, 288, 47, 309, 49, 163-165, i77-i79, 50, 189, 209, 55, 49, 
56, 19, 57. 107, 145, 58, 294, 59, 81. 257, 287, 316, 60, 147, 275. 279, 
323, 61, 51. 169, 173, 201, 241, 63, 165, 177. 187; reports and history, 
1667-76, 55, 33-37, 56, 19-25, 58, 75-89, 247-253, 59, 79-8i, 257-291, 
61, 239-241, 63, 14^191- 

Sault St. Louis (St François Xavier duSatilt — now Caughnawaga; 
Iroquois; continuation of foregoing) — i, 31, 221. 237, 317, 9, 139. 50, 
323, 61, 105, 6a, 69-71, 275, 63, 65. 127, 167-169, 179, 302, 64, 119, 
I39,*>45, 65, 41. 43. 66, 205, 67, 25, 27, 68, 231, 69, 197, 71, 387, 394; 
why^thus named, 60, 275, 61, 241 ; now known as Caughnawaga, 1, 

31, 317, la, 272-273; location. 60, 275, 61. 241, 6a, 167, 243, 63, 191, 

68, 263 — chaàge in, proposed, 67, 25; foundation, 63, 151-157; how 
conducted, 161, 167. 181; tribes at, 61, 241, 6a, 169, 63, 197, 64, 
57-63, 65, 27, 66, 205, 68, «79 — Iroquois clans, 269-271; population, 
63, 245, 66, 205, 67, 25, 69, 59; baptisms in 1679, 61, 270; converts 
encouragedTjy those of Lorette, 63, 193; Jesuits at, 50, 324, 56, 301, 
6a, 173, 245, 253, 63, 65, 187, 223. 64, 275, 65, 187, 66, 205, 67, 25, 
47, 73, 331, 333, 335, 68, 231-233, 255. 263, 269-273, 285-287, 331- 
333» 69, 35, 39-41, 47-49, 55, 237, 286, 304, 70, 85-87; visited by 
Laval, 1 89-1 91; Frontenac unfriendly to, 63, 195; aided by royal 
government, 67, 27 ; Indians ask that no garrison be stationed there, 
•^3.81 — decision of royal council thereon, 81-83; smuggling at, 

69, 286;71iquor trade forbidden, 63, 201; converts aid French in war, 
6a. 255, 64, 251 — against their own countrymen, 63, 241-245, 263, 



40 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Jesiittft 

JESUITS: Missions in New France and Louisiana (continued) — 
THE missions: Mission colonies (continued) — 
64, 127, 145, 65, 25-29, 67, 75, 68, 275 ; memorial of their services, 
64, 109-113; in Fox war, 68, 275-277, 333; in Chicasa war, 69, 
294; mission ruined by intemperance, 63, 131, 66, 171-173, 67, 39. 
Reports, 1676-86, 60, 275-293, 323, 61, 51-^7» 239-241, 6a, 167-189, 
243-255, 63, 191-245, 7", 228; 1694-96, 64, 125-131, 65, 29-39; 1735, 
68, 263-269. 

Other functions of missionaries : {a) As curés of French settle- 
ments— I, 17, 18, 20, a, 7, 3, 183, 229, 4, 179, 217, 7, 267, 3J, 71, 
77, 83, 109, 34, 245-246. 35, 33, 36, 53, i47, 167-169. At Beauport, 
15, 249, a7, n7, a8, 181, 251, 30, 165, 175, 199, 3«, 71. 77, 109, 35. 33. 
39, 57, 61; Beaupré, 11, 87. 30, 175, 3«, 83, 35, 57, 45, 119, 133, 151, 
155; Orleans Island, a8, 207; Isle aux Oies, 3a, 83,36, 133; Sillery, 
60, 131-133; Montreal, ai, 312, aa, 211-213, a4, 219, 235, 241, 253, a7, 
77 — replaced by Sulpitians, 64, 278. Serve on shipboard, a, loi, 3, 
179-183; recommend spedai devotions to French, 40, 85, 87, 93; visi- 
tations by superiors, 35, 41, 49, 57-59; resign parishes, 1, 18. Curés 
in Illinois parishes, 69, 31, 203, 70, 89, 229-237, 253, 271-279; not 
allowed to minister to French in Louisiana, 66, 339. (b) Chaplains — 
at military posts, 18, 255, a7, 81, 36, 117, 38, 181, 49, 177, 50, 183, 

56, 301, 59, 306, 60, 318, 63, 275, 303, 64, 49, 65. 169, 177, 265. 68, 
219-221 ; accompany military expeditions, 50, 147, 63, 91, 64, 261, 
279, 65, 29, 70, 251; in New Orleans hospital, 69, 31, 205, 70, 243; in 
Ursuline convent there, 69, 31, 70, 245. Minister in prisons, 66, 
211. See also Quebec: ecclesiastical and educational. 

Writings -- 

Relations— 15, 149, 18, 21, 41, 251-252; cited, 9, 306, 11, 73, 15, 
247, 16, 149, 191, 229, 235, 17, 63, 159, 199» >^. 183, ^4, 281, 30, 17, 
155, 3a, 195, 33. 61, 271. 34, 249-251, 255, 36, 205. 39, 143, 40, 256, 
63, 141, 70, 205, 71, 240. Scope, I, 45; how edited, 38, 41, 256, 

57, 307-313; printed by Cramoisy family, i, ix, 41, 43, 44, 5, 280 
(see also Licenses) ; official publication suspended, i, 34, 41, 55, 315- 
316, 57, 307, 71, 233, 242; unofficial publications, I, 41; circulation of 
unpublished, 57, 309; influence among their readers, i, 41-42, 7, 310, 
II, 276, 16, II, 38, 97; value as historical material, i, vii, viii, 38- 
43; history and description, 37-44; rarity, 42; bibliography, 71, 
219, 222, 224, 239-240 {see also Bibliographical Data of each Relation) ; 
reprinted in this series, i, 44, 7a, 9. Extant copies of original 
issues— locations and prices, i, 42. 3, 286, 287, 5, 269-270, 273, 6, 
321, 324. 7, 307, 8, 283, 285, II, 274, 14» 284, 15, 242-243, i8, 252-353, 
ao, 303, aa. 313-315, 23, 322-323. as, 283-285, a7, 309-310, a8, 310. 
3", 30, 299, 301, 3^. 30T-309, 34, 242-243, 35, 287, 36, 234-235. 37. 
264, 38, 290, 40, 254, 41, 249-252, 4a, 291-393, 43, 320, 44, 320, 45, 



i] INDEX 41 

264-168, 46, 299, 47, 313-314, 48» 29Ï-293. 49. 271, 50, 314. 316-317» 
51, 284r486, 5a, 259» 83, 303» 54, 304* 58, 3iB. Collections — Lenox, 
I, 42; Kalbfleisch, 8, 269, 48, 265; Lamoignon, 8, 283-284, 15, 240, 
38. 283-284, 30, 300-301. 3», 307-308, 34, 238» 36. 234, 48, 291, 49, 
269, 55, 3x6; Library of Canadian Parliament, 41, 251-252, 45, 266; 
Neilson, 41, 251; Martin, 4, 272; Plante, 41, 252; Marshall, 4J, 293; 
Ayer, 3J, 309; owners of single copies, 3, 286, a8, 310, 45, 265. 

Relation of 1616— 3, 1-2, 27, 4, 9, 167, 71, 183, 216; text, 3, 25- 
283, 4, 9-167; bibliography, 3, 285-289; cited, a, 295, 299, 307; 
inaccnracy of Quebec reprint, 3, 286. 

Relation of 1632 — 5, i, 71, 183, 216; text, 5, 5-75; bibliography, 
269-270; cited, a, 306, 7, 309-310; orthography, a, 289. 

Relation of 1633 — 5, 2, 6, i, 71, 183, 216; text, 5, 77**67, 6, 5- 
32; bibliography, 5, 270-273; cited, 7, 310. 

Relation of 1634 — 6, 2-4, 7, 1-2, 71, 184, 216; text, 6, 91-318, 7, 
5-235 ; bibliography, 6, 319-324 ; cited, 5, 281, 8, 289. 9, 305, 307, 
aa, 295, 39, 266; peculiarities of Avignon edition, 6, 321-324. 

Relation of 1635 — 7, 2-4, 8, 1-3, 310, 71, 216; text, 7, 247-303, 
8, 7-197; bibliography, 7, 305-307; cited, 8, 305, 312, 9. 315, 10. 
179, ^7, 314, 34, 254-255; writers, 71, 184; influence upon readers, 
II, 276. 

Relation of 1636 — 8, 3-4, 9, 1-4, 10, 1-4, 71, 216; text, 8, 199- 
281, 9, 7-303, "O, 5-317; bibliography. 8, 283-285; cited, 291, 
295, la, 270-271, 13, 271, a7, 314, 34, 253-254. 36, 250; writers, 71, 
184. 

Relation of 1637 — 11, 2-4, la, 1-4, 13, 1-4, 14, 1-2, 71, 216; text, 
II, 23-269, la, 7-267, 13, 7-267, 14, 7-1 11; bibliography, 11, 271- 
274; cited, 8, 292-293, 34, 253, 255, 71, 218; writers, 184-185. 

Relation of 1638 — 14, 2-4, 15, 1-4, 71, 216; text, 14, 113-279, 
15, 9-146; bibliography, 14, 281; cited, 11, 279, «7, "• 33.34, 
255; writers, 71, 185. 

Relation of 1639 — 15, 5-7, 195, 16, 1-5, 17, 1-6, 71, 216; text, 
15, 203-^37, 16, 7-253, "7, 7-215; bibliography, 15, 239-243; cited, 
5, 291, 8, 294, 302-303, 34, 254, 256; writers, 71, 185. 

Relation of 1640 — 18, 2-7, 19, 1-6, ao, 9-11, 71, 216; text, 18, 
47-249, 19, 7-267, ao, 17-85; bibliography, 18, 251-253; cited, a, 
303, 8. 302, 10. 322, 13, 270. 14, 286, 15,247,34, 252-253,255; 
writers, 71, 186. 

Relation of 1640-41 — ao, 11-16, ai, 9-16, 71, 216; text, ao, 107- 
299, a I, 21-265; bibliography, ao, 302-303; cited, 8, 296, 302, 9, 
307, 10, 321, II, 279, 16, 259,^1, 318,33, 271, 34, 253; writers, 
71,186. 

Relation of 1642 — aa, 9-18, 23, 27, 299, a3, 9-14, 71, 216; text, 
i»» 23-311, a3, 19-233; bibliography, aa, 313-315; cited, 19, 272, 
31, 89; writers, 71, 187; MS. of Huron report captured by Iroquois, 



42 JESUIT RELA TIONS [JeMiite 

JESUITS: Missions in New France and Louisiana (continued) — 
THE MISSIONS : Writings (continued) — 
34, 275, 297, 312 — recopied and published in Relation of 1644, 312. 

Relation of 1642-43 — aa, 15-16, 259, 263, 24» 9-17, as, 9-11, a6, 
181, 199, 71. 216; text, J3, 259-319. ^4, 21-307, 35. 19-79; biWiog. 
raphy, 33, 321-323; cited, 8, 296, la. 275. 19, 271, as, 27. a6, 181. 
199, 31, 93; writers, 71, 187; MS., of Huron report captured by 
Iroquois, 33. 237, 247-249, 267, 321, as. 19-21, 67, a6, 167 — falls 
into Jog^ies's hands, a3, 267, a7, 63. 

Relation of 1643-44 — ^S. 12-16, a6, 9-16, a7, 9-1 1, 71, 216; text, 
^S. 93-281, a6, 19-313. ^7i 21-71; bibliography, as, 283-285; 
cited. 17, 241, 18, 260, ao, 306, a4, 312, a7, 229, 34, 254, 256; 
writers, 71, 187; includes Huron report for 1642-43, a3, 321. 

Relation of 1644-45 — a7, 14-17, a8, 9-11, 71, 216; text, a7, 127- 
305, a8, 23-101; bibliography, a7, 309-310; writers, 71, 187-188. 

Relation of 1645-46 — a8, 19-20, aç, 9-13, 30, 9-12, 71, 216; 
text, a8, 257-303, ap, 17-291, 30, 19-143; bibliography, a8, 31a- 
311; cited, a, 302, s, 289, 8, 300, 18, 257. 31, 109, 175. 34. 254, 36, 
247, 39, 266; writers, 71, 188; Huron report delayed by Iroquois 
raids, 30, 221. 

Relation of 1647 — 30, 15-16, 31, 9-14, 3a, 9-10. 71, 188, 216; 
text, 30, 205-297, 31, 17-287, 3a, 19-55; bibliography, 30, 299-301; 
cited, 14, 287. ai, 31^317. 3«. 135» 39. 227, 267. 

Relation of 1647-48 — 3a, 12-15, 33. 9-15. 7'. 216; text, 3a, 115- 
305. 33. 19-249; bibliography, 3a, 307-309; cited, 8, 301. 18, 260, 
ao, 305, 308, 3a, 95, 34, 248 ; writers, 71, 189. 

Relation of 1648-49 — 34, 12-17, 7>. 189. 216; text, 34, 71-235; 
bibliography, 238-243; cited, 8, 304, 13, 270, 34, 253, 255-256. 35, 
290; translated into Latin, 14, 283. 

Relation of 1649-50 — 35, 12-16, 36, 9-11, 71, 216; text, M% 69- 
283, 36, 21-65; bibliography, 35, 285-287; cited, 8, 308, ao, 307, 
34. 253» 35, 51, 289, 40. 255; writers, 71. 190. 

Relation of 1650-51 — 36, 14-17, 37, 9-12, 71, 216; text, 36, 155- 
231. 37. 19-89; bibliography, 36, 234-235; cited, ai, 317, 36, 245; 
writers, 71, 190-191. 

Relation of 1651-52 — 37, 13-15, 38, 9-11, 71, 216; text, 37, 125- 
261, 38, 17-165; bibliography, 37, 263-264; cited, 33, 327; writers, 

7i. 191- 
Relation of 1652-53 — 40. 9-12, 71, 191, 216; text, 40, 71-251; 

bibliography, 253-254; part of MS. lost, 79, 83, 119, 123. 

Bressani*s Breve Relatione (1653) — 38, 14, 39, 9-10, 40, 9, 71, 
191, 216; text, 38, 203-287, 39, 13-263, 40, 13-65; bibliography, 
38, 289->29i. 

Relation of 1654—41, 9-14, 71, 216; text, 41, 25-403 ; bibliography, 
349-250; cited, 8, 297, 303, 4I1 213; writers, 71, 191. 



] INDEX 



Relation of 1655 — MSS. lost enronte, 41, 213, 350; Deux Lit^ 
ires^ sent in that year, 14-15, 305--a33, 250-253, 257, 71, 191*192. 

Relation of 1655-56 — 4a, 9-14, 71, 192, 216; text, 4a, 21-245; 
tubliography, 291-292; cited, a8, 32a 

Relation of 1656-57—43, 12-19, 44i 9-12, 71, 192, 216; text, 43, 
7<r-3ï7. 44. 19-81; bibliography, 43, 319-320; cited, ai, 313; orig- 
inal report lost at sea, 43, 85. 

Relation of 1657-58 — 44, 14-17, 71, 193, 217; text, 44, 133-317; 
bibliography, 319-320; cited, 4a, 296. 

Three Lettres, sent by J. Lialemant in 1659 — 45, 27-77, 263-266, 
71, 193, 217. 

Relation of 1659-60 — 45, 15-18, 46» ^n» 7>i i93i 217; text, 43, 
169-261, 46, 21-123 ; bibliography, 45, 267-268 ; cited, 44, 321. 

Relation of 1660-61 — 46, 16-19, 47, 9-12, 71, 194, 217; text, 46, 
191-295, 47, 21-123; bibliography, 46, 2q&-299. 

Relation of 1661-62 — 47, 12-16, 71, 194, 217; text, 47, 125-243; 
bibliography, 313-314- 

Relation of 1662-63 — 4^ 9-'3i 7>. i94. 217; text, 48, 17-179; 
bibliography, 291-292; cited, 35, 290. 

Relation of 1663-64 — 48, 15, 49, 9-11, 71, 194, 217; text, 48, 
243-289, 49, 15-153; bibliography, 48, 292-293. 

Relation of 1664-65 — 49, 13-141 50, 9-10, 71, 195, 217; text, 49, 
183-267, 50, 19-91 ; bibliography, 49, 269-271. 

Relation of 1665-66 — 50, 10-12, 71, 195, 217; text, 50, 93-163; 
bibliography, 313-314- 

Relation of 1666-67 — 50, 16-18, 51, 9-12, 71, 217; text, 50, 221- 
311, 51, 19-115; bibliography, 50, 315-317; writers, 44, 322, 71, 195. 

Relation of 1667-68 — 51, 14-18, 5a, 9-11, 71, 217; text, 51. 153- 
281, 5a, 17-109; bibliography, 51, 283-287; writers, 71, 195-196. 

Relation of 1668-69 — 5a, 11-16, 71, 217; text, 5a, in-257; bibli- 
ography, 259; cited, 33. 271, 67, 333; writers, 71, 196. 

Relation of 1669-70 — 53, 9-17, 54, 9-16, 71, 217; text, 53, 19-299, 
54, 21-243; bibliogn^aphy, 53» 301-302; cited, 18, 259, ao, 308; 
writers, 71, 196 ; part, translated into English, 53, 302. 

Relation of 1670-71— 41, 257, 54, 16-17, 55. 9-16, 71, 217; text, 
54, 249-301, 55. ai-227; bibliography. 54, 303-304; cited, 14, 286, 
ao, 308, a3, 325. 35. 292, 71, 215, 218; writers, 196-197. 

Relation of 1671-72 — 41, 257, 55, 16-17, 56, 9-16, 71, 217; text, 
85. 233-313. 56. 19-299; bibliography, 55, 315-318; cited, 14, 287, 
18, 258, 34, 247, 63, 171,! 189, 302; writers, 71, 217; lastof Cra- 
moisy series, 55, 315. 

Relation of 1672-73 — 57, 10-18, 307-310, 58, 9-12, 71, 212; text, 

87. 35-305. 58. 21-89; bibliography, 57, 307-313. 317-319. 8*. «9«» 
293; writers, 71, 197-198. 



44 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Jesuits 

JESUITS: Missions in New France and Louisiana (continued)» 
THB missions: Writings (continued) — 

Relation of 1673-74 — 58, 13-18, 59, 11-12; text, 58, 139-289, 59, 
25-53; bibliography, 58, 291-292, 297; cited. 57, 317; writers, 71, 
198. 

Relation of 1675 — 59, 18-21, 60, 11-12, 71, 198-199; text, 59, 
215-291, 60, 27-65; bibliography, 59, 299-303, 315. 

Relation of 1676-77 — 57, 309. 60, 17-23; text, 171-309; bibli- 
ography, 312-314; writers, 71, 199; facsimile of MS. page, 60, 
20a 

Relation of 1677-78 — 61, 9-1 1, 71, 199; text, 61, 19-87; bibliog- 
raphy, 265. 

Relation of 1679 — 6i> n-'S; text, 90-241; bibliography, 265, 
369-271 ; writers, 71, 199. 

Relation (MS.) of 1673-79—41, 257, 57, 318; bibliography, 58, 
292, 297, 59, 299-303; cited, 60, 311, 316-317. 

Reprints: Quebec edition (1858) — editors, i, 42; cited, 3, 286, 
4. 349. 5. 369, 273, 292. 7. 310, 8, 284, 9, 315, 15. 242. 247, aa, 317, 
71 • 237, 7a, 9. Cleveland reissue (i 896-1901) — scope, and special 
features, i, ix-xii, 44, 7a, 9-12; editorial staff, 1-19, v of each 
volume, ao-7a, 5 of each volume ; publishers, 1-19, ii-iv of each 
volume, aa-73, 2-4 of each volume; printers, 1-19, iv of each 
volume, ao-73, 4 of each volume; synopsis of each document, in 
preface of the volume; annotations and bibliographical data, at 
end of each voltune; errata and addenda, 71, 366-382, 7a, 14-20; 
miscellaneous data (including list of documents published, list of 
illustrations, and list of authorities consulted), 71, 115-382; meth- 
od of arranging index, 7a, 22-25. 

Relations inédites de la Nouvelle France (Douniol, publisher ; Mar- 
tin, editor)— cited, a7, 311, 57, 307-309» 3i7, 58, 291-292, 294. 297, 
89. 293-294, 29^-301, 305, 306, 310-311, 315. 60, 311-313, 315. 6i, 265, 
267, 66, 334; bibliographical data, 57, 311-313; reprinted in this 
series, i, 44, 7a, 9. 

Journal des Jésuites — 8, 301, 304, 309, 9, 312, 4a, 292, 297, 71, 
307; location of original MS.. a7, 307; scope, i, 43, a7, 11; writers, 
71,187-195; bibliography, i, 43, a7, 307-309» 69, 239, 281-282. 305; 
authorship of marginal notes, 36, 247, 48, 297, 51, 290; peculiarities 
of MS., 3a, 313, 34, 246. 37, 266, 4a. 297, 43, 321, 44* 322, 45. 270, 
46, 302, 47. 319. 48, 297, 69, 303, 305; authors, 35. 291. 38, 295. 4«. 
249. 43. 322, 44. 322-323, 45, 270-371, 49. 274. 51. 151. 290; facsimile 
of MS. page, 36, 138, 71, 31 1; reprinted in this series, i, 44, 7a, 9. 
Text— 1645, «7, 75-121 ; 1646, a8, 143-251, 315 ; 1647, 3«. 153-203 ; 1648, 
3a, 67-109; 1649, 34. 3Çr65; 1650, 35. 31-63; 1651, 36, 113-149; 1^52. 
37, Q3-Ï19; 1653,38, 169-301; 1654. 41. 17-23; 1656, 4a, 251-261; 



] INDEX 45 



i657>4d. «7-77: 1658. AA* 83-131; 1659-60. 45, 79-167; i66i, 46, 159- 
189; i66a-63, 47. 271-311; 1664, 4Ô, 225-841; 1665. 49. i55-i8i; 
1666-67. 50» 181-219; 1668, 5«. 145-151; 1710-55, 69, 233-239 (synop- 
sis of each is given in preface of the volume). Cited, s, 2S4, 8, 
290, 307-308, 312, 9, 306, 315. II, 277. ia, 275. 14. «88. 289, 18. 250, 
16, 257, ai, 313, 318, 33, 317, 33, 328. 34, 30^310, 37, 3n, 314-315, 
^. 315. 317. 3x9. 30, 305. 34* 245-246, 35, 390-292» 36, 241. 247-248. 
37. 266, 41. 257, 4^. 297-298. 43. 321-322. 324, 44. 322-323, 325, 45, 
270-271, 46. 302-303, 47. 319. 4Ô. 295, 51. 290. 63, 273, 69, 303, 7>. 
399, 73. 19- Quebec edition (1871) — i. 43, 37. 308. 309; notes from, 
used in this series. 37, 311, 314-315. ^9. 3i7. 34, 246, 35, 290-291. 
36. 247, 43. 297-298, 43, 321-322. 324, 44. 322-323, 45, 270-271. 46, 
302, 48, 297. 

Letters (extracts, citations, etc.) — 10. 322, 326. 14, 253, 275, 
15, 57. 61-65. 16, 53. 67, 19, 241-257. 3a, 195. 35. 137, 179. 263, 40. 
"7, 57, 307, ?■. 229-230; letters sent to Jesuits, 33, 237-239, 41, 167- 
173, 44. 203-205, 66, 51-65. See also above Lettres édifiantes. 

Jesuit estates: enumerations— 1663, 47, 259-271; 170X. 65, 183; 
1781, 71, 65-95; extent and tenure (1646), 38, 207-213, 217-219. 

Lands in Canada granted to Jesuits — by Ailleboust, 47, 265; 
Anne of Austria, 68, 79; Callières, 66, 43, 71, 89; Champigny, 89; 
Comx>anyof New Prance, 38, 247, 47, 259, 263-365, 267-269, 71, 73; 
Demeulles, 71, 77; Denonville, 64, 279; Duchesneau, 59, 316; Gand, 
7, 312; GiflFard, 71, 7i-75; La Barre, 77; La Ferté, 35, 289, 38, 
231. 36, 73. 43. 321-322, 47. 265, 271. 48. 295. 71. 81-83; Lauson, 34. 
55. 41. 245-247, 253. 47. 263-265. 269. 71. 87; Louis XIV.. 66, 43. 
71, 71; Montmagny, 89; Ventadour, 38, 247, 47, 259, 71, 67, loi. 
Lands purchased by Jesuits — 47, 359, 71, 99-101; for Indians, 66, 
43^7. Granted by Jesuits, 47, 261-267, 299, 71, 71, 81, 85; ceded to 
Quebec. 38, 209, 217; sold by Jesuits, 36, 248, 70, 47. Batiscan — 
43, 321-322; dttcribed, 47, 271, 71. 81-83, 91: revenues, 65, 183. 
Beauport— 38, 317, 35, 39, 43, 40, 255, 71, 67; grants to habitants 
at, 45, 133; affairs of its tenants, 30, 201-203. Belair (la Montagne 
à Bonhomme) — location, 71, 391; description and history, 77-79, 91. 
Cap de la Magdelaine — 37, 266, 48, 63; described, 47, 265-267, 71, 
83-85. 91 ; revenues, 65, 183 ; see also La Prairie. Isle aux Ruaux 
—33, 224, 38, 209, 47, 267-269, 71. 71. Isle Jésus— 38, 211. 47. 
269-271. Islets — 47, 269, 71, 91. La Prairie (P. de la Magdelaine) 

— 47* 320, 50, 217, 51, 149; described, 47, 269, 71, 91; revenues, 65, 
183 ; common at, ceded to Jesuits, 71, 393. Lauxon (Côte de) — 34, 
55. 66, 43 ; described, 47, 261 ; revenues, 65, 183. La Vacherie — 38, 
20Q, 217-219. Lorette — 60, 89, 66, 45. 71, 71; see below St Gabriel. 
N.D. de Bon Secours — 49, 181 ; described, 47, 261. N. D. des Anges 

— 38, 209, 2x7 ; described, 47, 259-261, 71, 67-71, 91 ; revenues, 65, 



46 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

JESUITS: Missions in Nbw Franck and Louisiana (continued) — 
THX missions: Jesuit estates (continued) — 

183; rented, 30, 191, 34, 63-65. Pachirigny — description and his- 
tory, 71, 87-91. Quebec (Jesuit residence, etc.) — 47, 359; revenues, 
65, 183; other grants in vicinity, a8, 309-211, 217-219, 347. Rivière 
de l'Assomption — 47, 369. St. Christophe (Christofle) — 47, 365; 
described, 71, 87, 91. St Gabriel (Lorette) — 58, 396, 65, 183, 66, 
45f 7>» 79; description and history, 71-75, 91; revenues, 65, 183; 
how obtained, 70, 209. St Lambert (parish) — 65 , 1 83 ; see above La 
Prairie. St Michel— 70, 307-309. Sillery— a8, 11, 71, 75, 79-81, 
89; description, 47, 363, 71, 79-81, 91; revenues, 65, 183; granted 
first to Indians, 47, 363, 66, 43— afterward to Jesuits in their own 
right, 43-45, 340; land at cove of Sillery, 47, 363. Sault St Louis 

— ■a, 373, 59. 316. Tadoussac — 47, 363, 68, 79-81. Three Rivers 

— 4, 261, a8, 309-3H, 229-231, 35. 41-43» ^5, 183, 66, 43. 7». 83-85; 
described, 47, 265, 71, 87-91; revenues, 65, 183; exchanged, 39, 43. 

The estates — origin and title-deeds, 71, 97-101; revenues, 65, 
183 (1701), 71, 71; Jesuits permitted to sell their property, 99, 394; 
grant to Amherst not sustained, 392-393 ; devoted to educational pur- 
poses, 97, 101-103, 393; transferred to people of Canada, 101-103; 
appropriated by Canadian government, 392; Jesuit lands revert to 
crown, 55, 319; inquiry regarding, 69, 302, 71, 93, 97, 392; ceded to 
province of Quebec, 393; final settlement (i888) of controversy, 393. 
Bureau of, 36, 234; its documents transferred to Crown Lands 
department, 233. Citations regarding, 71, 234, 236, 238-239, 241, 391, 
393. Declaration des Terres^ ià6$^ 47, 17, 258-271, 314; Aveu et 
Dénombrement des Terrains, 1781-^8, 71, 14-15, 65-95, 384. 

Lands outside of Canada: in Onondaga country — 41, 245-247, 
253. At Isle Bois Blancs, 69, 255, 305. At St Joseph River — 64, 
379. In Louisiana — used for support of missions, 70, 357-359; 
worked by slaves, 345, 365; confiscated and sold, 319-331, 365-369, 
287, 393. In Illinois (Kaskaskia and Vincennes) — confiscated and 
sold, 70, 319-331, 369-281, 317-318, 71, 39-41- 

III. OTHER MISSIONS. 
In North America (English Jesuits, except in Mexico): Maryland, 
36, 344, 59, 73-75. Mexico, 3, «98» ^^ 333. 70, 367, 7". 178, 389- 
New York, i, 31, 64, 347, 380-381. Pennsylvania, 71. 389. Vii^ginia, 

3>» 99* 
In West Indies: 3, 398, 68, 335." Caribbee Islands, supported by 

commercial transactions, 70, 314. Martinique, i, 137, 71, 133, 141, 

144, 147. 166. 

In South America: I, 8. 3, 398, 5, 33. Brasil, 6, 35, la, 376. 

Cayenne, i, 137, 71, 163. Peru, 3, 398; among Moxas, 66, 305, 313, 



] INDEX 47 

316,325. Paraguay, la, aai, 15, 127, 18, 37; *' reductions " of con- 
verts, la, 276; persecutions, 68, 335. 

In Asia: l, 8. China, 51, 139, 63, 147. 64, 239, 280, 71. 147, 170. 
East Indies and India, 5, 33, 9, 97, la, 276, 46, 221, 64, 239; Xavier 
in, 17. 55, «9, 39, 201, 46, 291. Japan, la, 241, 276-277- Tartary, 

59. 309» ^6. 320. 
In Africa : i, 8. 



" Jesuits' Well," at Onondaga, 41, 258. 

Jesus, Algonkin name for sun, 4, 201. 

Jesus, Society of, 46, 302. See Jesuits. 

Jesus, Magdelaine de, Carmelite superior at Paris: letters ef, 19, 

37-35. 
Jésus, Marie Thérèse (Bourdon) de. Hospital nun: makes profession, 

43, 255. 

Jétreau (Jetrau), François (Guillaume), Jesuit brother, 71, 132; 
sketch, 153. 

Jeutom, misprint for Jemton (phonetic French rendering of James- 
town), 3, 275. 

J. M. J., Monsieur, letter of Gamier to (1643), aj, 237-245. 

Joachim, Algonkin convert: death, a8, 243-245. 

Joannes, de, member of Celeron's expedition: lost in woods, 

69. 185-187. 

Job, patriarch, 14, 151, a7, 165, 47. 31. ^9» 55; trials and patience, 
35, 187; result of afflictions, 16, loi. 

Jobin, , servant abjures heresy, 43, 33-35. 

JoGUEs, Isaac, 9, 312, 11, 19, 13. 149. 191. 211, 235. 237, ao. 93, 30, 

167. 3«. 145, 34. 215. 39. 87. 40, 147, 43, 297, 44. I73. 71. 13«; 
arrives at Quebec, 9, 227 ; assigned to Huron mission, 293, 299-301 ; 
at Miscou, 13, 89; arrives in Huronia, 87; illness, 89-99; visit9 
Huron villages, 14, 39, 47; his Huron appellation, 288 {see Ondes- 
sonk); at Ihonatiria, 15, 65, izi; visits Ojibwas at SaultdeSte. 
Marie, i, 24, 32, 317, 11, 279, 15, 247, 18, 261, 33, 225; with Petun 
Indians, 1, 24, 8, 307, ao, 43 ; in charge at Ste. Marie, ao, 97, ai, 
145, a3, 19 ; captured by Iroquois, aa, 35, 197, 265, 269-271, 283, 
^3. 337. 341, 249. 297, 30. 219, 71, 374-375 ; tortured, i, 25-26, ai, 
318, a3, 249-251. a7, 137, 31, 27, 3»-33. 39-49. 125-127, 3^. I35. 
39, 183-185, 40, 131, 169; mutilated, as, 69, a9, 229, 39, 191; his 
captivity, I, 25-27, a4, 23, 281-287. 297-307. ^8, 19. 23-25, 31. 4i, 
67-73, 287, ao, 21, 49, 173, 187-201, a7, 247. 263-265, 281, a8, 119- 
135. ^9. 45. 3i. 19-51, 289, 37, 177, 39, 179-231; lïis sufferings, 
31. 53. 61, 71-91. 95-97. 5i. i87; refuses to escape, 31, 23, 37, 
133-135, 39, 179, 187-189, 221-223; ministrations among Iroquois, 
215; baptizes captives, 1 81-183, 195, 215, 219. 223; rescues dro¥m- 



48 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Join 

J00UB8 (continued)» 
ing woman, 329; visits other tribes, 229 ; refuses to yield to heathen 
superstitions, 31, 133; his visions, 63-69, 75-77; composes litany 
of cross, 77; Indians accuse him of sorcery, 30, 229, 31, 73, 115, 
39» 235; adopted by Wolf clan, 31, 290, 39, 203, 266; Dutch 
attempt to ransom, 34, 283, 297; his correspondence, 283, 293- 
305. as. 43, 47, 63, 73, 39, 175; by aid of Dutch, escapes 
from captivity, i, 25, 24, 311, 35, 43-73. 287, a6, 39, 3». 
93-99» 137. 39» 331-233» 266; reaches Prance, 25, 65, 31, loi; in 
England, 35, 65, 73; returns to Canada, 31, 107, 39, 235; at Mont- 
real, 37, 77-79» a^ 137» 217» 39, 151; at Port Richelieu, 38, 213; 
sent as envoy to Iroquois, i, 28, 11, 277, a8, 137, 141, 183, 187-189, 
237. 39, 47-63, 31, 109, 290; founds '* Mission of Martyrs," 38, 231, 
39, 181, 335, 31, III, 39, 235; gives present to Wolf clan, 39, 394; 
slain by Iroquois, 294, 30, 221, 227-329, 237, 243, 273, 395, 3>» 
69, 115-119. 33, 35, 151» 33» 135, 35, frontispiece, 245, 36, 23-25. 
29, 39, 235, 267. 43, 39-41» 263, 50, 171, 53, 141-143» 60» 181» ^3. 
169-171, 71, 211; news of death received at Quebec, 30, 175; his 
murderer named in baptism for Jogues, 33, 23-25 ; biography, 4. 
272, 9» 313, 31» 17, 71, 142, 232, 239, 242; portrait, 33, frontispiece, 
71. 309; statue, 40, frontispiece, 71, 309; facsimile writing, 38, 
104, 71. 311. Names Lake St. Sacrement, 39. 49; island named 
for. 31, 97. Eulogy upon. 33, 349. 327; virtues, 31, 133-137, 39, 
337; fortitude, 31, 35, 59, 33, 345; religious experiences, 31, 17-19; 
a martyr for the faith, 39, 393, 31, 131. 
Writings: letters— 1643, 35, 389, 31, 389, 39, 175-335— cited. 

«3» 267. 3". 289; 1644. 35, 65-67; 1646, 38, 308, 3«» 107-109, 71. 

x88 — to Castillon, 38, 13, 136-141, 309. Notice sur GoupH, 34, 313. 

38, II-I3. 1 17-135, 308-309, 31. 389. 71. 13 1. 188. Novum Belgium, 

9, 314, 38, II, 105-115, 305-308, 38, 391, 71, 188, 311. Cited, 33. 

388, 38, 314. Narrative sent to French Jesuits, 33, 337-339; account 

of second voyage to Iroquois, 39, 367. Joguês Papers, 38, 305, 309. 

John XXII., pope: institutes Angelus, 6, 337. 

John, Roman patrician: builds church in honor of Virgin, 38, 318. 

Johnny-cake, origin of, 40, 355. 

Johns Hopkins University Studies, cited, 65, 373, 71, 333. 

Johnson, Elias: Iroquois Legends, 71, 393. 

Johnson, Greorge, Dominion statistician: cited, 33. 319. First 
Things in Canada, 71, 306. 

Johnson, Matthew, commandant in Illinois, 71, 389. 

Johnson, Sir William, English official: report on copper mines. 30, 
337; Iroquois deliver Céloron's lead plate to. 69, 396. 

Joiners: at Quebec, 33, 91 ; at Detroit, 70, 31, 31. See also Car- 
penters. 

JoinviUe, , prince de: sponsor in baptism, 3, 157. 



/ 



1 INDEX 49 

JoinvìUe, Jean, sire de, French historian : anecdote concerning, aç, 
125. Hist. Loys IXe^ aç, 125, 294. 

Joliet, , musician, 49, 157. 

Jòliet, Adrien: captured by Iroqnois, 44, loi ; brought back, iii; at 
Lake Superior, 46, 145 ; sketch, 44, 322, 46, 302. 

Joliet, Jean, Quebec habitant, 30, 181; family, 46, 302, 50, 324; aids 
parish church, 4a, 277 ; sketch, 30. 304. 

Joliet (JoUiet, Jollyet, Jolyet), Louis. 3a, 89. 44, 322, 57. 3i5. 5^ 
loi, 103, 204, 59, 115, 121, 123, 159, ^4. 273; parenUge, 30. 304; 
pupil of Jesuits, 50, 191; marriage, 35, 290; appointed to explore 
Mississippi valley, 59, 89, 307; ability, 38, 93-951 59i 89; l^û Mis- 
sissippi voyage, i, 34, 50, 322, 58, 95-101, 59, 91-163, 6a, 211; 
with Ottawas, 59, 89; with Mascoutens, 105; loses his papers in a 
"^rreck, 50, 322, 58, 93, 109, 59, 89; advocates colonisation of West, 
58, 105; Anticosti given to. 6a, 272; instructor in hydrography, 
69, 288 ; biography, 50, 324, 71, 334. Voyages and explorations, 
71, 252, 340, 358, 360 — noted on Raffeix's map, 47, 320. Maps — 
see Cartography and maps. 

Joliet, Zacharie, trader: sketch, 64, 273. 

Joliet, m., canal at, 59, 3x4. 

JolHet, sieur de, 71, 38a See Au, P. d*. 

Jolly, , royal secretary, as, 79. 

Jolycour, , Montreal habitant: death, 38, 201. 

Joncaire, Louis Thomas de, sieur de Chabert: sketch, 69, 293. 

Joncaire, Philippe Thomas de, sieur de Chabert: in Céloron's ex- 
pedition, 69. 153, 163-167, 175-179; biography, 293, 71. 336. 

Joncas, L. Z. : *' Fisheries of Canada," cited, 4, 255, 71, 345. 

Jones, Arthur £., Jesuit, 64, 135, 151, 65, 259; aid from, acknowl- 
edged, I, xi-xii, 4, 4, 19, 269, 34» 17. 7a. "; notes by, 18, 256, 34, 

17, 249-257. 38, 293, 70. 313-315. 7". 367, 377. 380. 387, 397^403; 
archivist of St Mary's College, 68, 322; translator, 71, 233; editor 
of Canadian Messenger ^ 68, 322; sketch, 34, 249; portrait, 
17. «49. 71. 209. Cited, ao. 305-306, a8, 305, 47, 317, 57, 319, 
58, 296, 59, 315, 60, 318, 320, 66, 342, 68, 79. ^. 289-291. 
Maps— Huronia. 33. 272, 34, 17, end, 71, 214; Jesuit prov- 
inces in France, 397-398 ; plan of Jesuit buildings in Montreal, 
64, 151, 71, 215. Restores inscription on Loyard tablet, 67, 337; 
publishes Jesuit documents, 68, 321-322. 7a, 9 ; obtains copies of 
MSS., 69, 280-281; publishes facsimile, 71, 384. '* Catalogue of 
Missionaries," 71, 17, 120- 181. André, cited, 57, 318-319, 71, 
238. Auineau Collection, cited, 68, 330-333, 335, 69, 279; bibliog- 
raphy, 68, 322. Documents Rares ou Inédits — bibliography, 68, 
321-322; see Auineau, and Laure. Exkiò, MSS. (1894), 71, 237. 
Jesuit Estates, 71, 238. Martin, 71, 238. 



so 



JESUIT RELA TIONS 



[ 



ones, James A. : Ind, TraditionSy cited, la, 270, 71, 277. 

ones, Peter: Ojebway Indians^ cited, la, 270-271, aj, 326, 71, 291. 

onquest, Stephen, marriage, a, 308. 

oseph, Abenaki child: death, 6a, 41-43. 

oseph, Abenaki convert: continues in faith, 63, 77. 

oseph. Algonkin child: baptized, aa, 211-215. 

oseph. Algonkin convert: I. Baptism and death, 9, 51-57. II. 

Pious death, 46, 107. 

oseph, Pox chief: Allouez prepares, for death, 58, 45. 
oseph, Hebrew patriarch: in Egypt, 44, 299; purity, a7, 181, 49, 

107; converts imitate his example of chastity, aó, 253, 3a, 139. 
oseph, Huron boy: reared by Laval, 55, 281. 
oseph. Huron child: I. Baptism and death, 10, 273. II. Baptism, 

■3, 35- 

oseph, Huron convert: I. Baptism and death, 19, 187. II. Bap- 
tized, a4, 249. 

oseph, Kiskakon convert: baptized, 5a, 209. 

oseph, Mascouten convert: piety, 60, 209. 

oseph, Ottawa convert: piety, 60, 199. 

oseph, Pottawattomie convert: baptized, 51, 39. 

oseph I. of Portugal: attempt to murder, 70, 313. 

osepha, Huron child: baptized, 8, 133. 

osephine, empress of France : lineage, 67, 332. 

osse, a, 307 ; baptizes Indians, 225. See also Fléché. 

osselyn, John: New. Eng, Rarities, cited, 5, 282, la, 269, 16, 259, 
71, 252. 

ouan, Henri: ** Nicolet," cited, 8, 296, 71, 335. 

oubert, , French captain, 8, 288. 

oubert, , French officer: advice by, a, 251; courage, 3, 279. 

ouheneau, Jacques: letter of C. Chauchetière to, 64, 143-157. 

ouguelat, Claude, sponsor in baptism, a, 159. 

oui (Jouy), de, sponsor in baptism, i, iii, a, 157; hunts elk, 

167. 

ourdan, Antoine Jacques Louis: Pharmacopie universelle , ^1^2^* 

ouskeha, 8, 303. See louskeha. 

outel, Henri: Journ, hist,, cited, 57, 317, 71. 252. Voyage de La 
Salle, 71, 252. 
Jouvcncy, Joseph, Jesuit historian, i, 197, 66, 185; Aubéry writes 
to (1 710), 66, 175-X81; cited, I, 314, 5, 281. Hist, Soc, Jesu, cited, 
■» 239f 3<»-303. 316, 3, 287. Regio Canadensium, i, 47, 241-297, 
303, 71, 182. ReL Canad. Missionis, i, 47, 195-237, 304-303, 316, 
71, 182, '* Missions of New France " (1703), i, 219-225, 66, 347. 
Joybert, Louise Elizabeth de: marriage, 63, 303. 
Joybert, Marie Geneviève de, marriage, 69, 309. 



/ 



Jvpltor] INDEX 61 

Joycr, 71. 13a. See Jager, C 

Jubilee, a8, isSi 3^» 107, 43, 55, 71, 33; observance in Canada, 97, 
109, ii7>ii9, 38, 185-195; obtained by Indian converts, 27, 117, 
ap, 89-93 ; when granted, 38, 185 ; indulgences, 69, 139. 

Juchereau de St Denis, Charles, 65, 157; establishes trading post 
on Ohio (Wabash) River, 268, 66, 39-141, 339. 

Juchereau de St. Denis, Joseph Charles, 65, 269. 

Juchereau de St Denis, Louis: explorations in Southwest and 
sketch, 65, 368-369. 

Juchereau de St Denis (Denys), Nicolas, seignior of Beauport, 45, 
X05, 47» 3051 48, 333, 56, 311, 65, 368; hunts with Indians, 34, 45; 
gifts to, 36, 113; in fur trade, 49, 173; agent of Tadoussac Com- 
pany, 53, 87 ; sketch, 34, 346. 

Juchereau, Geneviève, wife of Charles le Gardeur: marriage, 37, 
311, 4a, 300; gifts to. 36, 1x3; gift to Quebec parish church, 4a, 

275-277. 
Juchereau, Jean, Ji is, sieur de la Perte: marriage, 27, 99, 313-314; 

sings in church, 113; gifts to, 36, 113. 
Juchereau, Jean, seigneur de (du) Maure (More, Mores), 30, 181, 34, 

346, 35, 47, 36, 129, 4J, 300, 43, 43. 321 ; marriage of son, 37, 99, 

313-314; gifts to, and wife, 36, 113; g^ifts to Quebec parish church, 

43, 283. 
Juchereau, Marie (née Giffard): sponsor in baptism 27, 113; g^fts, 

to, 36, 113. 
Juchereau, Marie: marriage, 48, 396. 
Juchereau, Noël. See Des Chastelets. 
Juchereau, Noël, Jesuit brother, 71, 133; sketch, 151. 
Judas (red-bud) tree, 69, 397. See also Cercis canadensis. 
Judge-consul, of Paris, 40, 349-351. 
Judges: of seigniories, 36, 347 — appointed by seigniors, 71, 73, 77; 

of district courts, 395; colonial, how selected, 70, 315; in Illinois, 

elected by people, 318. See also Justice. 
Jugglers, ««</ Jugglery. 5// Indians: medicine-men. 
Jugs, of pewter, 69, 371. 
Juli, Peru: Jesuit college and press at, 3, 398. 
Juliis, Vincentius de, professor in Macerata university: approves 

Bressani's book, 38, 3x5. 
July, Abenaki name for, 16, 359. 

Jumonville, Joseph Coulon, sieur de, 70, 167; slain in battle, 313. 
Jtmier, Jacques, Jesuit domestic: praised by Le Jeune, 6, 57; at 

Sillery, 37, 83; occupations, a8, 191, 30, 173; runs away, 38, 173. 
Juniperus virgmtana (juniper-tree): its odor, 3, 395; berries, 38, 

243. 67, 89. 
Jupiter (planet): Galileo examines its satellites, a8, 314. 



52 JESUIT RELA TIONS [JurUfinMleaca 

Jurisprudence: Coutume de Paris, history, 71, 390-391. 

Justice: courts — royal, in Prance, J, 297; admiralty, of inquiry, 4, 
265 ; of Massachusetts, 36, 95, 241, 245 ; of colonial commissioners, 
241 (see also Colonies, English) ; of Quebec, disputes with 
council, 43, 73; of Quebec district, 71, 305; seigniorial, appeals 
from, 73, 77. Bailiff, at Rensselaerswyck, j8, 113 — at Fort 
Chartres, 70, 269 ; grand seneschal of Canada, 36, 24S-249 ; procur- 
ator, royal, in colonies, 70, 215-219, 269-273. Administration of 
justice at Quebec (1636), 9, 143-145, 34, 4i, 37. 165, 38. I73. 45. 
81. See also Penalties. 

Justice, seigniorial right, 41, 245, 47, 261, 71, 73, 91; high, low, and 
middle, 47, 261, 269-271, 71, 75, 79, 89; high, not exercised in 
Canada, 41, 257. 

Justices, their place in a procession, 47, 281. 

Justinian, emperor of Rome: compiles Corpus Juris Civilis, 4, 254. 

K, sound much used in Huron, 15, 157. 
Kachinawaougat, Charles, a Montagnais: baptized, 59, 63. 
Kachkachkia, 60, 159. See Kaskaskias. 

Kadesquit: harbor of Norembega, a, 249; identified, 308; Jesuits 
plan to go to, 3, 263, 269; disputes about, 267; sagamore of, 297» 

4. 85. 
Kadodakio, southern tribe, 65, 157, 269. See Caddoes. 

Kaentoton, Ottawa village, 57, 211-213, 229. 

Kahikohan: at Quebec, 4a, 255; bearer of letters from Albanel, 259. 

Kahikwan, Algonkin envoy, 43. 59. 

Kahkwas (Kah-Kwah, Kakouagoga), Huron-Iroquois tribe: meaning 
of word, 8, 302; identity, 305, ai, 313-315; location, 314; Iroquois 
defeat and destroy, 8, 305, ai, 313-314. See also Eries, and 
Neutrals. 

Kakachkiouek, Algonquian appellation of Kaskaskias, q.v., 58, 41. 

Kakaling, 58, 37, 43, See Kekaling. 

Kakouagoga, appellation of Kahkwa tribe and village, 8, 305, ai, 

313-314- ^^^ Kahkwas. 
Kakouchac (Kakouchakhi, Kakwazakhi), Montagnais tribe, 14, 287, 

ai, 117, a4, 155; origin of name, 56, 155. See also Porc-épics. 
Kalbfleisch, Charles C, son of Charles H. : letter of, cited, 3, 286. 
Kalbfleisch, Charles H. : owns Relations^ 3, 286, 45, 265. See also 

Jesuits: Relations. 
Kalm, Peter, Swedish botanist: Travels into N. Amer., cited, 5, 

281, a3. 325. 59. 309. 71. 252-353- 
Kamachistiewanet, Denys, a Montagnais: baptized, 59, 61. 

Kamichisitit, Ottawa chief, 57, 223. 

Kamakatewingwetch, Algonkin convert: piety, a9, 1 71-173. 



KÉrtokirtiAch] INDEX 61 

Kamakatewingwetch, Marie, Algonkin convert: captured by Iro- 
quois, 30, 335-239; escapes from captivity, 355-269. 

Ka-Miskonaooang^u^hit, Algonkin name for Sillery, 38, 65. 

Ka Mistasihanet, Kwakouchiwet chief, 63, 351. 

Kamouraska, Denys's estate at, 34, 346. See alsù St Rocb des 
Atilnais. 

Kananonangon (Conewango), Iroqnois village: Céloron at, 69, 165; 
location, 396. 

Kaaawhas (Connoys), Indian tribe, 6a, 373. Sit Piscatoways. 

Kandoncho (All Saints), Neutral village, ai, 307, 335; location, 
316-317. 

EaNeskat, Algonquian village, 65, 49. 

Kanibals, French appellation for Indians on Kennebec River, 67, 197. 

Kanibesek, a, 390. See Kennebec. 

Kanienda, Onondaga fishing village: location, 51, 394. 

Kanienke (Canyangeh, Canienga, Kanieke, Kanyenke), appeUation 
of Mohawks: meaning, 44, 331. See alsû Agnierhonons, and 
Mohawks. 

KannentA, 43, 89. Ses Gannentaa. 

Kansas, Sionan tribe: migrations, 64, 379-380. 

Kansas (state), Indian reservation in, 47, 316, 60, 331 ; Spanish site 

in. 59« 307. 
Kanû'ta', Iroquois medicine, 10, 336. 

Kansas, grant for missionary at, 69, 385. Sss Akanaea, a$td Arkan- 
sas Post 
Kaotionak (Koatiouak, Ku-itc), western tribe: identified, ÓA, 333; 

Assiniboines visit, 393 ; Aulneau to visit, 301 ; tractable, 303. 
Ka ouapassiniskakhi. Algonkin name of Richelieu Island, 8, 19. 
Kaoukia, 65, 105. See Cahokias. 
Kapimichats, an Algonkin: death, 31, 357-359. 
Kapiminakwetiik, Algonquian tribe: visit French, J9, 131. 
Kapipou noukhet, Algonquian spirit of winter, 9, i3i. See alsû 

Genii. 
Kappas (Kappa Akensas, Kappa Akensea), 65, 115, 1x7. Seg Kwa- 

pas. 
Kapskouk, 71, 313. 
Karegnondi, name for Lake Huron, 1, 3x7, ao, 308. Cf. Bkaren- 

niondi, and Ecaregniondi; and see Lakes: Huron. 
Karenhassa, Huron villages: probable identification, 13, 371; loca^ 

tion, 135, 371. 
Karesi, western tribes: beyond Sioux, 51, 55. 
Karigouan, la, 31. See Carigouan. 
Kariskatisch, Charles (" the good Charles"). Algonkin, of Sillery, 

33, 389; adopts Onaharó, 339, 333; drowned, 43, 333. 



64 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Kantète 

Karsten, , 43, 325. 

KaakasVé (Kiishlnishlcee, Kuskuski, Kuskuskis), Delaware village: 
location and poptilation, 69, 185, 398, 299; warriors from, to aid 
Iroqnois, 175. 

Kaskaskia (Kachkachkia, Kiskaskia), lU., Indian village, French 
town, and American post-village, 65, 264 ; location and population, 
60, 159-161, 65, 365, 66, 133, 348. Jestdts at, 60, 159, 65, 363, 66, 
339* 70, 331-333, 310, 71, 388; Jesuit estates at, confiscated and 
sold, 70, 269-381, 317-318. Indians at, retain Jesuit chapel, 70, 373, 
71, 39; Jesuits buried at, 158-160. Illinois leave, during winter, 
64, 159; Kaskaskias remove to, 65, loi, 363; French traders at, 
363 ; domestic cattle introduced into, 69, 293. Age of parish at, 
70, 331 ; parish church at (built, 1753), 333, 71. 41 ; seminary priests 
at, 37; parish register, cited, 158. Slaves at, 70, 233; freight 
charges to, from New Orleans, 259; court at, 318; under military 
rule, 71, 37, 389; history, 65, 263, 71, 319, 321. 

Kaskaskias (Cascakias, Cascaskias, Caskakias, Kachkachkia, Kakach- 
kiouek, Kaskasia, Kaskaskia, Kaskias), Illinois tribe or clan, 98, 
293, 60, 159, 64, 173, 189, 237; location and population ot village 
of, 59, i6x, 314, 64, 279; manners and customs, 60, 161-163; 
Indians with, 59, 165, 65, 157; intermarriage with French, 64, 
205, 211, 235; separate from Peorias, 65, 101-103, 265; remove to 
modem Kaskaskia, loz, 263; in New Orleans, 68, 203; brandy 
sold to, 70, 257. Jesuits with, I, 35, 59, 161, 64, 278, 65, 103, 265 ; 
give calumet to Marquette, 121 ; desire to retain Meurin, 70, 239, 
271; missions among, 59, 308, 70, 237, 355, 7". 37; piety, 64, 197- 
199, 337; instructed, 335, 339-331; chief of, becomes Christian, 
233, 237; retain Jesuit chapel, 70, 273, 71, 39. See also Jesuits : 
missions. 

Kataoutrank, Algonqulan village, 46, 145. 

Kaukauna, Wis., 54, 306; origin of name, 307; portage of Kekaling, 
217; history, 307, 71, 323, 

Kawi, fisheries near, 59, 59. 

Kawistaskawat (Kawitaskwat), Mistassin chief: Jesuit with, 69, 47; 
death, 63, 251. 

Kayaks (canoes) of Eskimos, described, 45, 67. See also Canoes, 
and Pirogues. 

Kebec (Kébec, Kebek), I, 99, loi, J, 167, 304, 3. iBi. 4, 191, 38, 233, 
«35. 39. 15. 43- See Quebec 

Keefer, T. C. : " Canals of Canada,*' 71, 306. 

Keinouché (Kinonje), name of Ottawa dan: meaning of name, 34, 
305 ; attitude toward Christianity, 171« See also Kenosha, Wia. 

Keinthe, 51, 393. See Gandachiragou. 

Keiotia, Huron site: location, 34, 355. 

Kekakoung, a Kiskakon: baptized, 3 J, 309. 



KeCcUcanii»] INDEX 65 

Kekaling (Cacalin, Cockolin, Kackalin, Kakaling, Kokolon — of ten 
with prefix Grand), 54, 307, 58, 37, 43- «S// Kaukatuuu 

Kekionga (Kiskakon), Miami village: location, 6ç, 300; site of 
Miami fort, 300; Bissot at, 70, 316. 

Keleb alased, a constellation, 50, 71. 

Keller, Mme. , visits Montreal, 71, 109. 

Keller, Francisco, Jesuit: publishes Lettres édifiantes, 66, 33a. 

Kellogg, Catherine S., translator for this series, ao, 5. 

Kempis, Thomas à, author of Imitation of Christ, 35, a88. 

Kenduskeag, a, 308. See Kadesquit 

Kanibesek, a, aga See Kennebec. 

Kenebek (Kenebeki), 36, 81. See Kennebec. 

Kenetigouk (Kenetigouc, Kenetigout, Kenetigwet), French phonetic 
rendering for Connecticut, 36, 79, 93, loi, 107, 240. See Connec- 
ticut colony, (i^fi/ Hartford. 

Kenghessanach, Algonquian name for an edible lichen, 67, 151. 
See Tripe de roche. 

Kennebec (Akenebec, Canibas, Kanibesek, Kenebeki, Quinibequi), 
name of Algonquian tribe, river, and village: English abandon 
settlement at, ai, 67; Druillettes at English settlement of, 31, 
185-189, 205; patent, lands granted under, 36, 241. See at so 
Canibas, Fur trade, and Rivers: Kennebec. 

Kennett, White: Bib I, Amer., 71, 221. 

Kenney, Rev. Laurence J., Jesuit: aid from, acknowledged, 7a, 11. 

Kenosha, Wis. : origin of name, 54, 305. 

Kenté, 57, 27. See Bays: Quinte. 

Kentucky (state), 68, 329: soil and climate, 47, 145-147; fauna, 147; 
Shawnees in, 316; archseology, 71, 268; history, 318. 

Kentucky Geological Survey: Memoirs, cited, 71, 265. 

Kepane, French phonetic rendering for English cape, 36, 87, 239. 
See Qw^i&&\ Ann. 

Kepatawangachik, Algonquian tribe : defeated by Iroquois, 45, 233. 

Kepitanal, 8, 312. See Capitanai. 

Ker (Kerk. Kertk). See Kirk. 

Kerallain, René de: Bougainville, 71, 306. 

Kereben, Joseph François de, Jesuit, 71, 132, 7a, 18; first superior 
of Louisiana mission, 71, 126; sketch, 126, 164-165. 

Kerlerec, Louis Billouart de: governor of Louisiana, 70, 225, 315; 
friendly to Jesuits, 225-227. 

Keskakoa, 61, 139. See Kiskakons. 

Kestabistichit, Louys, a Montagnais, 63, 249; temperate, 255. 

Ketches, variety of sailing vessel: English, capture French fishing 
vessel, 64, iig. See also Boats, and Ships. 

Ketchigamins, western tribe : population, and attitude toward French, 
54. 185. 



66 /ES C//T RELATIONS [IMtiM 

Kettles, IO, 77, 177. 227, aag. 267-271. «89, 13, 7, 241, 14, a6i, 269, 19, 
21. 17, 49. »77. 185. 3«, 265, 37. 171, 3«. 269. 43. lai. 54» I55. M, 
X13. 58. 35. M> 39, 69, 271; in barter, 7, 223; in Iioquois trade, 
a6, 1S3; niinois trade for, 54, 167, 191; in ftir trade, 67, 137. 
Measure of feasts, 10, 179-181; symbol of feasts, 13, loi; at feasts, 
41, 19, 70. 97. Buried with dead, 10, 297, 39. 31, «65, Ó7, 157. 
68, 157; as presents, 33, 211, j6,* 61, 65, 40, 169, 43, 171, 68, 163; 
as prise, 23, 215; obtained from Europeans, a6, 183, 38, 255; used 
to heat church, 30, 201; Indians use, 41, 139, iSs; war, hung over 
fire, 4a, 211; offered to manitou, 67, z6i; covered, 70,49; prices 
at Detroit mission, 21, 25. 

Keweenaw, Sauteurs and Mississaguas at, 45, 27a 

yhi ^ sound in Huron, Algonkin, and Montagoais lang^uages, 10, 117. 

BIhichikouekhi, Montagnais name for "spirits of light," 11, 25s* 
Se£ also Genii, ami Spirits. 

Khinonascarant, group of Huron hamlets: location, 13, 125, 271, 
34. ^55 ; number of villages in, 25s. 

Khioetoa, Neutral village: location, 16, 259; Wenròhronons at, 8, 
302, ai, 231 ; Jesuits at, 16, 259, Ji, 231 ; mission of St. Michel at, 
231. 

Khiondaësahan (Ekhiondatsaan), Huron village, la, 113; location, 

272. 

Khiongnona, Huron woman: refuses baptism, 13, 133. 

Khionontateronons (Khionontatehronnons, Khionontatehronon, Khlo- 
nontaterrhonons), Huron appellation of Huron-Iroquois tribe, 3, 
379. 8» "5, 17. 165, 18, 233, 19, 125, 259, 269, ao, 43-67, ai, 157, 
177, a3, 179. Sé€ Petuns. 

Khiouirineou, an Algonkin: son of, baptised, 6, 127. 

BIhioutenstia, Huron medidne-man, 13, 241. 

Khisipikiwam, Agatha, Algonkin convert: baptised, ao, 309. 

Kiaskou ("gull"), Algonkin chief, 56, 191. 

Kichesipiriniwek (Kichesipiiriniouek, Kichesipirini), Algonquian 
appellation of Islanders, q.v., 3, 291, 18, 229, aç, 145, 44, 251. 

Kicheuigonkwe, Algonkin woman: slain by Iroquois, aa, 255. 

Kichkagoneiak (Kichkakoneiak, Kichkankoueiak), Ottawa dan, 33, 
151, 44. 251, 57. 311, 213, 227, 231. See Kiskakons. 

Kickapoos (Kickabouas, Kikabou, Kikaboua, Kikabous, Kikapous, 
Kikarous), Algonquian tribe: location, 54, 233, 38, 41, 290, 39, 
toi, 68, 230; language, like that of Sacs, 54, 233; driven eastward 
by Sioux, 308; remnant in Indian Toritory, 308; number of 
cabins in village, 58, 23; with Miamis and Mascoutens, 293; 
absorb Mascoutens, 3, 280; with Hlinois, 63, 69; speak same Ian* 
guage as Mascoutens, 34, 233; compared to Miamis, 39, 103; 
method of building cabins, 103; practice agriculture, 63, 69; 



i] INDEX 67 

detached from alliance with Fences, 68, ao7; capture Guignas, 
907-409, 330; make peace with French and Illinois, 209, 330; mis- 
sions among, i, 221, 54* «33. 5^, 23, 59. «ai. 65, 6q, 68, 207. 

Kickeron (Kicheron, Kickerom), Indian name for Supreme Being, 
la, 271. 

Kidder, Frederic, Maine writer: cited, 5, 284. 

Kieft, Wilhehn, Dutch governor of New Amsterdam : receives and 
converses with Jogues, 35, 63, j8, 107; enables, to return to 
France, 31, 97-99, 105, 39, 233; notifies French of death of, 9, 
314, 31, 115, 289-290, 39, 266. Commands Van Curler to assist 
French, 35, 71. 

Eieman, T. J., librarian: aid from, acknowledged, i, xii. 

Ki[ervum] (Kirwan?), English privateer: fined for capture of French 
fishing-vessel, 36, 97, 240. 

Kikabou (Kikabouas, Eikabous, Kikapous), 54, 233, 308, 58, 23, 41, 
59, loi, 103, 221, 65, 69, 68, 207. See Kickapoos. 

Kikarons (probably misprint), 1, 221. See Kickapoos. 

Kikwanon, an Outchisestigou, 59, 63 ; baptized, 61. 

Kilistinons (Kilistinauz), appellation of Algonquian tribe, 44, 241, 
243» 249, 325, 45. 337. 229, 46. 69, 71» 173. i8i> 349. «Si. 291, 
47. m, 48, 237, 51« 55-59. 54. I33. I35. I93, I95. 55. 99. "3. 5^, 
257-263, 69, 193. See Crées. 

Kilitika, Algonquian tribe or clan: location, 58, 41. 

Kimaganusis, northern Indian village, 56, 179. 

Kimberly, Wis., rapids at, 54, 306. 

Kimichsamisman, an Algonkin, J3, 295. 

King, Grace: Le May ne de Bienville^ 71, 335. 

E3ng, Rufus, owns Cramoisy Relation^ 3, 286. 

Kingsford, William, Canadian historian: Canada, cited, i, 319, 5, 

«77. 6, 327. 8, 308. 13, 269, 47, 317. 7«. «97, 373, 39a-393- 
Kingsley, John S. (éd.): Riverside Nat, Hist,, 71, 345. 
E:ingston, Ont, 54, 305, 57, 315. 3i7; site, 40, 256; settled, 58, 294; 

incorporated as city, 294; strategic importance, 294; history, 

71, 303. See also Catarakoui. 
Kinibeki, 1, 83, 3, iii, 221-225, 31, 185, 189, 205. See Kennebec 
Kinistinons, 56, 203. See Kilistinons, and Crées. 
Kinnouskouen, Iroquois convert: piety, 61, 65-67. 
Kino ^(Chino), Eusèbe François, Jesuit: map cited, 68, 253, 333; 

sketdi, 33«-333« 
Kinounchepirini (Kinonchebiiriniwek, Kinonchepiirinik, Kinonchepi- 

rinik), Algonquian [tribe, ;a9, 145, 44, 251; location, 18, 229, 258; 

winter near Hurons, 24, 269. 
Kinshon, "the Fish," Mohawk appellation of New England, 64, 

276-277. 



68 JESUIT RELA TIONS [KlohM^ 

Kiohero (Thiohero), Cayuga village: called St. Estienne (Stephen), 

51. 393, 54. 53; site, 51, 293. See Thiohero. 
Kionconan, 45, 370. See Keweenaw. 
Kionché, a Huron: escorts Gamier, 9, 251. 
Kiotseaeton (Kioutsaeton), Mohawk envoy: treats with French and 

Algonkins, J7, 247-271; replies to Huron, 269; harangues Huroos, 

a8, 301. 
Kiouahaa (Kiouahau), 65, 157, 269. See Kiowas. 
Kiouchin, misprint for Kiouelim, q.v. 
Kiouelim (misprinted Kiouchin), Sac warrior, 71, 378; worships idol, 

57. «77. 
Kiowas (Kiouahaa, Kiouahau), Pani tribe: location, 65, 157, 269. 

Kip, Wm. Ingraham: Jes. Miss, N, Amer., cited, 66, 33a, 68, 329, 

7». «38. 
Kù-by, William: Anna/ s of Niagara, 71, 306. 

Kiristinauz (Kiristinon, Kiristinons, Kiristinnoos), 18, 229, 259, J3, 
2*5, 3*6, 4^» aai» «96, 48, 237. 66. 107. 68, 287, 291-299, 303. See 
Crées. 

Kirk, Sir David, admiral, son of Gervase, u, 27s ; one of Merchant 
Adventurers, 4, 270, 5, 276; anglicised Frenchman, 41 ; seiaes 
French settlements (1628), 4, 270, 9, 311, j8, 319; captures Roqye- 
mont's fleet (1628), 9, 313 ; checks relief expedition, 4, 267 ; captures 
Montagnais interpreter, 5, 283; captures Jesuits (1628), 4, 255; 
sends missionaries home (1629), 260; restores Quebec (1632), 255; 
knighted (1633), 5, 276-277; losses, 277; Newfoundland granted to 
(1637), 277; governs Newfoundland, 277; marriage of daughter, 

277; death (1653). 277- 
Kirk, Gervase (Jervis), one of Merchant Adventurers, 4, 270; 

sketch, 5, 276. 

Kirk, Louys (Lewis, Louis), son of Gervase: one of Merchant Adven- 
turers, 5, 276; anglicized Frenchman, 41 ; captures Quebec (1629), 
8, 287-288, 17, 243, J9, 37; captures Brébeuf (1629), ■> ^3; guards 
!' chapels and Hébert's house, a, 308. 

Kirk, Thomas, Captain, son of Gervase, 5, 55, 247; one of Merchant 
Adventurers, 276; receives surrender of Quebec, 288; commands 
at Quebec 41» 45 ; obliges ChampUdn to leave Indian girls, 283 ; 
gives warehouse ke3rs to Le Baillif, 287; imjust to Jesuits, 45; 
declines to free captive Iroquois, 51; makes boat for Jesuits, 71; 
declines to aid Algonkins in war, 195 ; seeks alliance with Monta- 
gnais, 211. 

Kirk family, 5, 287; variants of name, 277; losses in Canada, 277; 
religion, 41, 49; sell negro boy, 197; hold Quebec, 197; claims of, 
277; sketch, 276-277. 

Kirke, Henry: Eng. Cong, of Canada, cited, 5, 277, 71, 306. 



] INDEX 



Kisakwan, Henri, Montagnais convert: death, 63, 249. 

Kiachigamins, 6a, 193. Ste Kitchigamich. 

KsBkakons (Keskakons, Kichkagoneiak, Kichkakoneiak, Kicfakaa- 
koueiak, Kiskacoueiak, Klskakonc, Kiskakonk, Kiskakoomac; Fr., 
Queues coupées), Bear dan of Ottawa tribe, 61, lai, 123, 133, 
137-143. 147. to. 95, 161, 195-197. ai3; etymology of name, 
33, 273; called Queues coupées, 273, 5J, 262; location, 33, 
151. «73. 44. 245. 334. 5«. ao5, 57, 227, 61, 69, 103, 6a, 193, 69» 
300; population, 61, 69, 103; speak Algonquian language, 44, 251, 
51, 21 ; described, 5a, 205 ; docility, 54, 181 ; attitude toward Chris- 
tianity, i75-i77f i8i> 57. 211-213, 231, 59, 201, 61, X03; conversion, 
5a, 205-207, 54, 173, 61, 69, 129; desire Jesuits, 54. 185 ; Jesuits with, 
5a, 262, 54, 169, 181-183, 57, 318, 59, 201 ; remove Marquette's 
bones, 203; dedre cross, 61, 133; allies of French and Hurons, 33, 
151, 6a. 95 ; dominate Algonquian allies, 54, 181. 

Kitchigamich (Kischigamins), Algonquian tribe: meaning of 
name, 54, 308; location, 233, 308,^58, 41. 6a, 193; speak same 
langui^;e as Masooutens, 54, 233. 

Kitchin, G. W. : translator, 71, 351. Hû/, France, cited, 1, 316, 71, 

»97. 
Kitchin, Thomas, and others: General Atlas , 71, 363. 

Kite, a bird: in Ottawa mytholog>\ 50, 289. 

Kitouchi, an Algonkin: slain by Iroquois, 30, 249. 

Kittaning, Pa.: site of Attigue, 69, 297; history, 71, 317. 

Kittery, Me. : date of settlement, a4, 309. See also Piscataqua. 

KlSsten, Gaspard de, Jesuit, 71. 132; sketch, 174. 

Knights Hospitallers of St. John (Knights of Malta). See St John, 
and Malta. 

Knives: in barter, 7, 223, la, 119; as presents, 10, 249, 11, 227. 15» 
159» 163, ai, 53, 41, 231, 46, 137. 54. 231. 57. 159; as prise in con- 
test, 10, 291; as weapons, la, 201, a4, 291, 56, 37, 67, 105; Indians 
use, la, 213, as, 277-279. 30, 279, 40. 169, 44, 49, 59. 149. i55. 

60, 139; in fur trade. la, 249, ai, 101,67, 137; as money, 18, 19; as 
reward for learning catechism. a3, 311. 64, 231; silver-handled, 
as New- Year's gift, 30, 155; as remedy, 43, 267; kitchen. Hospital 
nims ask for, 51, Z15 ; Kitchigamich desire, 54, 185 ; Illinois trade 
for, 191 ; supplied to Indian hunters, 56, 161 ; stone, Indians use, 
5«, 257. 59. 127; dasp, 177, .66, 29, 133; pen, 30, 153; as charm, 

61, 189-191; case, 66, 27; Natches demand as ransom, 68, 191; 
Siamese, 69, 263 ; woodcutter's, 263 ; sold at Detroit mission, 70, 
23, 27 ; history of use among Indians, 71, 283. 

Kohl, J. G., map collection described, 71, 365. 

Kohlrausch. Frederick: Hist, Germany, cited, 1, 316, 71, 297. 

Kokweribabougouz, François, an Algonkin: does penance, a4, 27^-29. 



«0 JESUIT RELA TIONS [KoIi^mmm 

Kolapessas (Colapessas), 65, 157, 173. Set Acolapissas. 

Koli (Kolly), de, Swiss concessionary: in Lonisiaaa, 67, a8i ; 

title, 281 ; known to Du Poisson, 68, 327 ; slain by Natches. 67, 

343, 68. 167. 

Koli (KoUy), de, fils : slain by Natches, 68, 167. 

Kondiaronk (" le rat"), Huron chief: schemes to embroil French 

and Iroquois, 64, 257, 281. 
Konkhandeenhnmon, Huron-Iroquois tribe or dan: sedentary, 18, 

233. 
Konkapot, Housatonic chief, a6, 3x5. 
Konskirat, Loup convert, 67, 69. 
Kontarea, 33, 105. See Contarea. 

Kontareahronon, appellation of inhabitants of Contarea, 18, 233, 260. 
Kontrande,en (Anthrandéen). Huron name for Cap Massacre, 30, 

165, 3<H. 

Kc»a, corruption of Corlaer: Mohawk appellation of governor-gen- 
eral of Canada, J5, 287. 

Koroas (Corroys), southern tribe: location, 68, 327; population, 221; 
language, unlike Cha'hta, 327; hostile to French, 173; tribes hos- 
tile to, 217; French captive among, 217; merged in Cha'htas, 327. 

Koskweribagougouch (Kosweribagougouch), François, an Algonkin: 
abandons wife, J5, 145, 249; convert proposes punishment of, 145- 
147; Indians abandon, 265, 271. Cf. Kokweribabougous. 

Kostka, Stanislas (St.), Polish monk: portrait g^ven to Quebec parish 
church, 4a, 271; sketch, 298. 

Kotakoutouemi, Algonquian tribe: location, 18, 229; language, 258; 
identity, 258. 

Kouakouikouesiouek, Algonquian tribe: location, 56, 263. 

Kouchaourag^anich, Algonquian village: barter at, 63, 257. 

Kouekoueaté, Cecile, Algonkin convert: death, 45, 49-51. 

Kouinopeia, 36, 240^ See New Haven. 

Kouspahigan, Algonquian village, 60, 255. 

Kouir akouintauka, Algonquian village, 64, 159. 

Koukinapou, Eustache, an Algonkin: baptized, a J, 95-99. 

Koussinoc (Coussinoc, Cushnoc, Koussinok), Abenaki village, site of 
Augusta, Me.: Druillettes visits, 36, 83, 87; has five farmers, 91, 
99, X07, 241 ; owned by Plymouth colony, 99, 107, 241 ; Abenaki 
cemetery at, 37, 255 ; history, 36, 238. See also Augusta, Me. 

Krigi (Kriqs), 64, 265, 66, X07-111, 34X. See Crées. 

Kriqs, Lake of, 66, 107. See Lakes: Wiimipeg. 

Eristinons, 43, 53. See Crées. 

Eryn (" the great Anie," " the great Mohawk "), Iroquois chief, 63, 
i97i 315, 331; co n ver t ed, 1, 30; gives candelabrum to mission 
chapel, 63, 243; sketch, 302. 



] INDEX 61 

Ktuitc, Oregon tribe: Kaotiouak, identified as, 68, 332; location, 33a. 
Ktuhkiuhkee (Knskuskis). Set Kaskaské. 
Kwakoupaoa, Anne, Montagnais convert: baptised, 59, 61. 
Kwakwakouchiouets (Kwakoachiwets), northern Algonqnian tribe, 

^. «45» ^3. «51. 
Kwapas (Kappa Akensas, Kappa Akensea, Kappas, Kwapa, Qua- 

paw), brandi of Arkansas, a Sionan tribe: identified, 65, a66; 

migrations, 64, 279-280; location, 65, 117,67, 319; supply Limoges 

with provisions and canoe, 1x5; Marquette with, 65, 119, 266, 69, 

301 ; Gravier with, 65, 115-123. See also Acansas, Akansea, and 

Arkansas. 

Kwerasing, Charles, Algonkin convert: pious death, 35, 21 1-2 13. 

Kwetinamou, Montagnais convert: baptised, 59, 63. 

Kwikwiribabougouch (same as Koskweribagoqgouch?), an Algon- 
kin: asks baptism, 16, 53. 

Kwinopeia (Kwinopiers), 36, loi, 109, 240, 243. See Quinnepiac, 
mnd New Haven. 

Kwlter, commissary, 64, 103. See Schuyler, Peter. 

Kyrck, 5, 277. See Kirk. 

Kyristinouns, ai, 125. See Crées. 

L, sound unknown in Huron, 10, 117, 15, 157. 

La Badaude, , house robbed, 47, 297. 

Labadie (Labatie), Jean, interpreter at Port Orange: notifies Prench 
of Jogues's death, 31, 117, 290, 39, 266. 

La Barbide, Marie, marriage, 5, 284. 

La Barre, Le Pêvre de, 6a, 165, 63, 65, 81, 91 ; becomes governor 
of Canada, 233, 299; visits Madeira, 49, 2x7-219; administration, 
6a, 272; holds council at Quebec, 157; confers with Mohawks, 255; 
policy toward Abenakis, 63, 63; sends envoys to them, 55-59, ^3! 
gives them lands, 6a, 265-267 ; asks for report of Sillery mission, 
63, 123; hostile to La Salle, 57, 316; expedition against Senecas, 
^3> 63, 299; recommends Iberville to Colbert, 305 ; accused of shar- 
ing in ftur trade,] 6a, 274; grants land, 71, 77; Lamberville writes 
to, 230; recalled, 6a, 272, 63, 301; term as governor, 71, X17; 
cited, 69, 304. 

La Barrière, Jean de, founds PeuiUant order, 38, 293. 

Labatie, Jan, Dutch interpreter, 31, 117, 290. See Labadie. 

La Baulaye, , dean of Calais, 4, 75. 

L'Abbé. Nicolas, naval captain of Dieppe, 3, 235. 

La Beaubien, name of cow, 70, 53. 

La Berge, de sponsor in baptism, a, 15^. 

La Berge, Mme. de, sponsor in baptism, a, 161. 

Labial sounds, unknown in Huron-Iroquois, 39, 103, 57, 173. 



62 JESUIT RELA TIONS [La 

La Blanche, name of cow, 70, 53. 

Laboreau, Rev. Th. P.: gifts to museums, 5, 293, 36, 946; ezplofes 
mission sites, 5, 297. Reminiscences of Huron Missions^ cited, 5, 
297. 

La Boujonnier, , notary, 37, 265 ; at Quebec, 95 ; slain by 

Iroquois, ii3.> 

La Boule, Joseph Stephen: Alloues, cited, 54, 307-308, 71, 238. 

Labrador, province of Dominion of Canada, 66, 79, 68, 99; descrip- 
tion, 71, 310; tribes, a, 293; fatma, 5, 276, aa, 318; explaratìons, 
71, 340-341; Cartier in, 3, 292. 

Labrador, early name of Bras d'Or, q.v., 8, 306. 

La Bretonnière, Jacques Quintin de, Jesuit, 69, 237, 71, 132; at 
Quebec, 69, 35; at Sault St Louis, 68, 233, 271-273, 277. 69, 3& 77; 
accompanies Iroquois against Chicasas, 39, 49; returns to France, 
49; sketch, 68, 331, 71, i66. 

Labrets, 71, 28a 

Labridœ, 8, 306. 

La Brie. , hanged, 47, 305. 

La Briqueterie, near Three Rivers, 47, 265. 

La Brosse, Jean Baptiste de, Jesuit, 71, 132; labors in Montagnais 
mission, i, 16-17, 59, 305, 71, 389; lives at Isle Verte, 390; sketch, 
70, 81, 310, 71, 179. Letter (1776). 7>. 13-14. 57-6i, 207-908, 383- 
384; facsimile writing, 60, 214; writings in Montagnais language, 
70, 310. 

La Butte (Bute), Pierrot, 70, 29, 35, 61, 307. See Chesne, P. 

Lac Catarakoui, 40, 256. See Lakes: Ontario. 

Lac de la Croix (west of Lake Superior): Aulneau at, 68, 291. 

Lac de la Croix (in Sagpienay region): why thus named, 56, 85. 

Lac de Soissons, named for viceroy, a, 296. See Lakes: Two 
Mountains. 

Lac des Attigouantan, i, 317. See Lakes: Huron. 

Lac des Hurons, i, 317. See Lakes: Huron. 

Lac des Iroquois, 40, 256. 5// Lakes: Ontario. 

Lac des Puants (Puans), appellation of various lakes: Michigan, i, 
317, 33, 151; Winnebago, 54, 217, 307; Winnipeg, 15, 247. 

Lac d'Orleans. I, 317. See Lakes: ,Hturon. 

Lac St. Louis, 40, 256. See Lakes: Ontario. 

Lac Vert, Que., location, 37, 265. 

Lac Vieux Désert, Wis., why thus named, 16, 259. 

La Cadie (Lacadie), 1, 305, 18, 235, 6a, 143. See Acadia. 

La Canardière, Que., Frenchmen murdered at, 6, 326. 

Lace: point, made by Indian girl in France, 11, 97; given to Que- 
bec parish church, 4a, 277, 281 ; church vestments trimmed with, 
277-281. 



J INDEX es 

Lfacelle, A^the de, marriage, 69, 310. 

La Chaise, ^^— > de, relations with Beaubois, 67, 273. 

La Chaise (Chaize), François d*Aiz de, Jesuit, 63, 99Ò; letter of 
Bigot to, 101-137, 301 ; sketch, 301. 

La Chapelle, , secretary of royal council, 67, 53, 83 ; of council 

of marine, 27, 37, 47. 

La Chassaigne, Jean Bouillet, sieur de, 64, 141 ; sketch, 278-379. 

La Chasse, Pierre (Joseph) de, Jesuit, 67, 55> ^Si 7>> 132; labors in 
Abenaki mission, i, 15, 66, 207, 67, 57-61; superior of Canadian 
missions, 65, 68, 27, 71, 124; makes tour of Acadia, 67, 239; 
writes for Abenalds a letter to Governor Shute, 107-109; ministers 
to French habitants, 68, 27; at Quebec college, 69. 75; sketch, 
66, 346, 71, 160; circular letter on, 231. Letter (1724)» 67, 18, 
19, 230-247, 328, 71, 204. Writes circular letters — on Rale, 71, 
230; Cholenec, 230. 

La Chênaie (Chesnaye), Charles Aubertde: Quebec merchant, 48, 

235. 49. 159. 58, ii7> ^. 303; sketch, 48, 296. Mémoire, cited, 8, 

307. 4^ «96, 7", 253- 
La Chenaye, Guillaume Gautier: house burned, 37, 117; marriage, 

266-267. 
Le Chevalier, , student at Quebec seminary: arrives in Can- 

ada, 48, 296. 
Lachine, Que., 43, 324, 64, 279; origin of name, IJ, 273; massacre 

by Iroquois at (1689), 273. 63, 303. 64, 23-25. 87, 91, 97, «73; 

Céloron at, 69, 151; canal, described, u, 273; history, 71, 304- 

305. Sit also Rapids: Lachine. 
La Citìère. See Lauson, Louis de. 
Laclede, Pierre, founds St. Louis, 70, 317. 
La Cloche, Ont , Amikoués near, 10, 322. 
La Colombière, Gruillaume Sere de, Sulpitian: sketch, 65, 261. 
La Colombière, Joseph Sere de, Sulpitian missionary: cured of 

illness, 65, 33; made vicar-general, 66, 339; sketch, 65, 261. 
La Commandante, name of a cow, 69, 269. 
La Comporté, trading-post on lower St. Lawrence: origin of name, 

69, 291 ; Coquart's report on, 85-91. 
La Conception. Set Jesuits: missions a^ residences. 
La Conception, Marie de, Huron child: baptized, 10, 69. 
La Cour, ■ , drowned, 47, 289. 

La Crapaudière, , captain: arrests culprit, j8, 199. 

La Creuse, — — de, sponsor in baptism, a, 159. 

La Croix, Cécile de, UrsuUnev 16, 17, 256, 19, 39. 5^^ Ste. Croix* 

Cédlede. 
Lacrosse, national game of Canada, 10, 326-328 ; history and rules, 

71, 354. Set also Indians: games. 



64 JESUIT RELA TIONS [tMlatiM 

Lactation, in aged woman, 19, 71. 

La Cnme Sto-Palaye, Jean-Baptiste de: Diet, historique^ 71, 352. 

Lacus Iroooisiensis, i, 319. See Lakes: Champlain. 

La Da u vereière, Jérôme Royer de, u, 273, 41, 241; founder of 
Montreal, 6, 325, ai, 311, aa, 203; sends supplies thither, 8, 309, 
J7, 77; founds Hospital order, ai, 312, 41, 258. " Daughters of," 
4 If 239 {see also Hospital nuns: St. Joseph). 

La Demoiselle C Old Britain "), Miami chief, 69, 183; friendly to 
English, 299; Céloron visits, 185-187; slain by Ottawas, 299. 

La Doussinière, 59, 316. See Duchesneau. 

La Durantaye, Marguerite, sponsor in baptism, 70, 73. 

La Durantaye (Durantais), Olivier Morel de, French officer, 65, 237 ; 
at conference regarding Iroquois, 6a, 157; captures Dutch and 
English traders, 63, 283, 305; commandant at Michillimackinac, 
303-305; his land purchased by St. Vallier, 69, 235; death, 71, 
379; biography, 6a, 274, 7«. 337, 379- 

Laet, Joannes de, Dutch writer: in settlement of Rensselaerswyck, 
a4, 311 ; cited, i, 315, a, 295. Novus Orbis, cited, a8, 109, 314, 
71, 214, 363. See also Cartography and maps. 

Lafaist, L. {pseud, L. Cimber), French writer: Archives Curieuses^ 
cited, a, 289, 71, 224. See also Danjou. 

La Famine, 4a, 295, 6a, 273 ; Iroquois council at, 63, 245. See also 
Bays: Famine. 

Lafaye, B. : Diet, des synonymes, 71, 352. 

La Ferre, Marie de, hospital superior at La Flèche, 41, 258. 

La Ferté, Jacques de, abbé de Ste. MagdeUdne (Madeleine), 3a, 41 ; 
one of Hundred Associates, as, 77-79, ^^t 3^t 73 ! ^^ Miscou Com- 
pcuiyt 30, 137; donates lands to Jesuits, as, 289, a^, 231, 43, 321- 
32a, 47, 265-271, 48, 63, 295, 71, 81-83; aids their Gaspé missions, 
35> 389, ^^, 41. 

La Ferté. See Juchereau, Jean, fils, 

Lafitau (Lafiteau), Joseph François (Pierre), Jesuit, 71, 132; asks 
that Sault St. Louis be not garrisoned, 67, 77 ; erudition, 68, 45 ; 
sketch, 67, 333, 71, 163; portrait, 67, 44, 71, 210. Mémoire 
ag^ainst liquor traffic wltii Indians, 67, 12, 39-47, 327, 71, 204 — 
cited, s^, 262. Mémoire du Gin-Sen^, 71, 347. Mœurs des Sau- 
vages Amiriquaius^ cited, s* 282, 285-286, 6, 329-330, 8, 303, 10, 
321, 327, 13, 27a, IS, 246, 17. «43. 3K>, 306, a6, 316, a7, 315, so, 324. 

59. 309. ^. 333. 7». aSa 

Lafite, , Jesuit, mentioned by Gonnor, 69, 61-63. 

La Flèche. France, ai, 311, 41, 257-258, 46, 145, 6s, 263; Hospital 

nuns at, ai, 312, 41, 241 ; Charlevoix at, 69, 304. See also Jesuits: 

colleges. \ 
Laflèche, Louis, abbé and missionary, cited, i, 309. 



1 INDEX 65 

La Flesche, , mass by, 45, 159. 

La Fleur, , envoy to Mohawks, 38, 199. 

La Fleur, ^ Detroit habitant: masses ordered by, éç, 259; 

dealings with mission, 70, 39. 
Lafienr, Théodore: " Laboureur français," 71, 306. 
La Fleur de Cognac, 37, loi. Set Couc. 
La Fleur de Paris, sent to Druillettes, 36, 139. 
La Fond (Font), , sailor: deserts, 38, 169; perishes from 

want, 179. 

La Fontaine, , soldier: engaged in a duel, a8, 189. 

Lafontaine, H. : " Esclavage en Canada," dted, 69, 301, 71, 306. 

Lafontaine, Ont. : Indian village site near, 13, 370. 

La Forest (Forêt), Guillaume: dealings with Detroit missiiMi, 69, 

249, 70, 41 ; sketch, 308. 

La Fortune, , blacksmith at Quebec, 3J, 71. 

La Fouille, de, captain in Carignan regiment, 50, 133. 

Laframboise, sobriquet of various persons, 70, 309. 

La Framboise, ^ resident at Post Vinoennes: dealings with 

Detroit mission, 70, 47. 
Laframboise, Alexander, trader at Milwaukee, 70, 309. 
Laframboise, François, 70, 309. 

Laframboise, Madeline, trader for American Fur Co., 70, 309. 
La Franchise, Paul: fiees from Three Rivers, 38, 171 ; perishes from 

want, 179. 
La Freniòre, de, French official: arrives at New Orleans, 70, 

SI 5; conducts proceedings against Jesuits, ax7, 319. 
La Frenaye (Frcsnaye), Jacques Hertel, sieur de: in religious proces- 
sion, 30, 181 ; sponsor in baptism, 3a, 81 ; lands granted to, 71, 85. 
La Frenière, sieur de, 47, 315. See Hertel, François. 
La Fresnaye. Set Brucy. 

La GabeUe, trading post: maintained by La Vérendrye, 68, 334. 
La Galette, Iroquois colony at, 70, 93. 
La Galissonière, Michel Rolland Barrin, comte de : becomes governor 

of Canada, 69, 293; sends Céloron to Ohio River, 171, 396; Bomné- 

camps presents chart to, 197-199; returns to France, S93; term as 

governor, 71, 117. 
La Ganniatarekon, a Loup woman, 67, 69. 

La Garenne, , returns to France, 47, 289. 

La Gasparde, Pottawattomies winter at, 59, 165. 

Lagere, Mile. —, 71, 23. 

La Germandière, Rodolphe de, Jesuit, 71, 132; sketch, 167-168. 

La Giroffé, French soldier: killed by Illinois, 66, 51. 

Lagrange, ship commander, 65, 39. 

Lagrange. , pi)rchases Kaskaskia mission pr ope r t y , 71, 37. 



66 JESUIT RELA TIONS [La Qtw 

La Gravé, , soldier: slain by Iroquois, 37, 115. 

Lagrené, Pierre, Jesuit, 71, 13a; sketch, 158. 

La Grenouille, Algonkin chief: visits Le Jeune, 5, 179; child bap- 
tised, 227-231 ; makes treaty with Iroquois, 8, 59; his plots, 9, 95-97» 
307; Le Jeune rebukes, 263-265; slanders Jesuits, 11, 239-247; 
slain by Iroquois, 9, 97, 245, 307 ; wife baptized, JO, 309 ; sketch, 
9. 307. See also Oumastikoueiau. 

La Grenouille, Algonkin chief, a8, 249, 31, 261, 277. See Abdon. 

La Grenouille. See Oumasasikweie. 

La Groye, , soldier: engaged in duel, j8, 189; tenant of 

Jesuits, 30, 201. 

La Guay, 46, 181, 303. See Normand, J. 

La Guay, Jacquette (née Riverin): marriage, 46, 303; death, 181. 

La Guesle, de, sponsor in baptism, a, 157.. 

La Guide, Marguerite, marriage, 58, 295. 

La Héve (Héve), N. S., i, 83; river and port, a, 143; chart, 304; 
French settlement at, 8, 288, 9, 309-310. See Cap de la Hève. 

La Harpe, Bénard de, French explorer: Journal historique^ cited, 
65. 262. 266, 268, 270, 66, 338, 345, 67, 340, 343, 71, 253- Voyages, 

7«. 253- 
Lahontan, Armand Louis de Delondarce de: biography, 71, 336. 

Amérique Septentrionale^ 71, 253. Voyages^ cited, 49. 274, 55, 

320. 
La Jemerais (Jesmeraye), Christophe Dufros de, French officer: 

sketch, 68, 335 ; cited, 293. 

La Jeunesse, , wounded by Iroquois, 36, 127. 

La Jonquière, Jacques Pierre Taffanel, marquis de, governor of New 

France: attacks Port Royal, 69, 292; arrives in Canada, 293; 

recalls Tournois from Sault mission, 237, 286; death, 71, 396: term 

as governor, 117. 
Lakbs: 38, 247; in northern Canada, 37, 27-37; in Huronia, 15, 153; 

influence on climate, 38, 227; salt, near Ontario, 41, 123; invoked 

by Hurons, 10, 159, 273. 

Names and data — 

Abittibi— 44, 324. 

Albanel — 56, 304; origin of name, 68, 43; identified. 325. 

Algonkins (L. of the) — 15, 248. See below Michigan. 

Alimibeg (Alimibegong, Alimibegoung) — 44, 249, 51, 63-65* 54» 
201 ; near North Sea, 44, 243. See also below Nipigon. 

Ashouapmouchouan — 46, 304. 

Anaouites — 5, 278. See below Cranberry. 

Assiniboels (L. of the) — 68, 251. See below Winnipeg. 

Bass — Indian sites near, jo, 305. 

B<mne Espérance — 46, 273. See below Chegobich. 



] INDEX «7 

Botte des Morts, Grand — 54, 2x9, 307. 

Butte des Morts, Little — 58, 267, 297. 

Caaandjdgtia — Iroquois fort at, 41, 258. 

Cayuga — 8, 298, 51, 293, 5a, 262, 56, 301. See below Tiohero. 

Cacenovia — 8, 299. 

Champlain (Champlein, Chanipellain) — la, 157, 39, 49, 49, 255, 
«67. 50, 141, 147, 183. «>i, 203. 320, 5i> 83, 179. 181. 275. 63, 
302, 66, 345; various names, 1,319; length, 49, 255; storms upon, 
40, 147, 51, 181-183; a route for travel, J6, 41, 37, 229, j8, 91, 39, 
61, 40, 147, 155, 48, 99, 70, 103; explored by Salières, 49, 173; Van 
Curler drowned, J5, 287; battle, 1, 251, 310; Indian colony at, 69, 
161 ; history, 71, 308. 

Chautauqua — location and extent, 69, 163; Céloron's expedition 
on, X61-163, 296. See mlso Portages. 

Chegobich — called Bonne Espérance (*' Good Hope"), 46, 273; 
source of Chegobich River, 304. 

Chicoutimi — 46, 302. See Chicoutimi — town and river. 

Connibas (Conibas) — m3rthical, 3, 295. 

Couchiching — Huron fish-weir at, 5, 298; Algonkins winter at, JO, 
306, 34, 256. 

Cranberry — 10, 319; protects Hurons from Iroquois, 5, 278. 

Dauphin (L. of the) — 1, 317. See below Michigan. 

Echitagameth — 59, 47. 

Erie (Erie, Herìé)-~8, 302, 304, Ji, 191, 313, 314, 316, 47, 320, 57, 
316, 58, 105, 60, 215, 6j, 161, 63, 277. 64, 279, ^8, 283, 69, 157, 185; 
described, 33, 63, 38, 235-237; compared with Lake Ontario, 69, x6i ; 
flint beds, 8, 297; tribes near, 18, 260, 36, 248, 69, 193, 305; explored 
by Galinée, 50, 321; Céloron's expedition on, 69, 159, 191, 195, 295. 

Frontenac, appellation of Lake Ontario — 69, 15X. 

Gannentaa— 4a, 95, 43, 147, 151-155. 179-183, 44. 187. ««S- See be- 
/Mer Onondaga. 

George — other names, 99, 49, 293; battles, 70, 105-107, 11 1, 119- 
123, 139-149; forts, 311. See also below St, Sacrement 

Great, and Great Salt (Lake) — Indian appellations of Atlantic 
Ocean, 37, 149-151. 61, 253. 

Great (Lakes) — 9, 310, 49, 275. 55> 319; discovery along, 71, 341; 
no tides, 38, 295 ; storms, 39, 97; Indian tribes about, 71, 290; maps, 

39. 37. «65. 

Hiraooies— I, 319. See above Champlain. 

Huron (L. of Hurons) — i, 221, 8*, 295, 10, 243, 11, 279, IJ, 271, 15, 
247. «48, 18, 231. 255, 19, loi, ai, 191, a3, 209, 325. 33. 9«. 34. 103, 
35. 3S> 39. 99. 41. 81, 44. 324. 45. 187, 219, 221, 270, 48, 173« 50, 263, 
«71. 3«. 5>. «7. 61, 53. a". 54. 127-129, 133, 135, 141-147. iST-i^s, 
X7X, 175. »83, 197, 55. 99. 107. X33. 56, 91-93. 103, 105. I37. 139. 



6S JESUIT RELA TIONS [LaloM 

Lakes: Names and data {cxmXhxkMeà) — 

57. ao3, 239, 58, 105, 59. 71, 93. 217, 60, 309. 2n, 61, 69, 71^95-99. 
6a, 161, 193, 101, 274, 68, 283 ; thus named from Indian tribe, 70, 
205; other names, i, 317, 16. 227, JO, 308 (see also Mer douce, 
'* Fresh-water sea"); described, 18, 229, 33, 6x, 149, 38, 235; size 
35. 79. 3^. 335; winds, 56, 139; fish, 10, 103; regarded as source of 
St. Lawrence, 44, 245; compared to Caspian Sea, 4J, 221; tribes 
about, I, 32, J, 303. "4. 286, 16, 253. "8. 229-231, zz^ 149-151. 35. I79. 
3^ «37. 50, 259, 51, 21, 5^, 205; a route of travel, I, 26, 32, 33, 225- 
227, «4, 103, 269, 37, 55, a8. 97, Jp. 257, 4*. 75, 67, 151. 68, 291; 
earliest map, 1, 317. 54, 285, 55, 94- 

Illinois (L. of the)— -I, 221, «3, 305, 51. 27, 43, 54, 199, 221, 255, 
55. loi, 157. 159. 163. 165, 183, 56, 139, 57. 303-305, 5*. 105, 289, 59. 
93, 163, 187, 191. aoi, 207, 217, 235, 60, 153, 205, 6j, 193, 203, 211, 63. 
281, 66, 283. See below Michigan. 

Iroquois (L. of the) — i, 251, 319, 8, 75. 125, 13, 37, J6, 41, a8, 91, 
41, 201, 43, 121, 44, 71, 47, 71. See above Champlain. 

Iroquois (L. of the) — 40, 219, 41, 61, 95, 125, 131, 135, 43. wi. 44. 
71. 47. 71. 49. 151* ^^ below Ontario. 

Kasushikéomi (Kisagami?) — location, 37, 265. 

Kawitchiwit — source of rivers, 68, 43. 

Kenogamishish (Kinougamichich, Little Lake) — 56, 155; de- 
scribed, 31, 251, 290. 

Kinougami (Kenogami) — 56, 155, 59, 39; Indian appellation of 
Long Lake, 46, 259. 

Kisagami (Kisakami) — Iroquois at, 37, 69, 73; identity, 264. 

Kriqs (Crées. L. of the) — 66, 107, 341. See below Winnipeg. 

Lannigan's — 10, 322. 

Little — 31, 290. See above Kenogamishish. 

Makouamitikac — described, 56, 181. 

Manikougan (St. Barnabe) — 49, 45 ; rendezvous for Papinachois, 
49; Nouvel at. 49-73. 

Manitoba — 68, 334. 

Maurepas — 67, 501 ; why thus named, 345. 

Medad — Indian village sites at, Ji, 316-317. 

Michigan (Machihiganing, Michigané, Michigonong) — 1, 517, j8, 
320, 33. 61. 43. 221, 44, 324, 51. 27. 43. 54. 199. 221, 308, 56, 30s, 56, 
39. 298, 59. 99. 167, 179, 313. 6 J, 203, 64, 279. 66, 203, 347; other 
names, i, 221, 317, 15, 248, 66, 283; described, zz* 151; storms, 54, 
199; currents, 59, 314; geology of west shore, 60, 320; tribes about, 
18, 231, J3, 325, 33, 151; Indians rendezvous at, 38, 294; Nicolet 
on, 8, 295; map, 54, 255, 55, 94. See «^0««/ Algonkins, and below 
Stinkards. 

Mistassini (L. of the Mistassins) — 18, 257, 44, 323, 63, 251, 68, 



i] INDEX 



535; origin of name, 56, 179, 68, 43; identified, 56, 304; ontlet, 68, 
43; superstitions of Indians regarding, 56, z8x, 68, 43. See also 
o^tft// AlbaneL 

Nation of the Saiit (L. of the) — 48, 173. Set Mow Superior. 

Moosehead — Indians hunt at, 31, 19s* 

Mnd^i9, 269; sise, 135. 

Nemiskan — 56, 901, S07; described, 183. 

Nicoiet — why thus named, 8, 296. 

Nikanbau (Nekoaba) — location, 46, 304; altitude, 56, 304. 

Nipigon — 44, 334, 335, 54, soi; Nipissings flee to, 51, 63. See 
also mbove Alimibeg. 

Nipissing (Nipisin, L. of the Nipissiriniens) — i, 7, 8, 395, 11, 279, 
la, 131, 13, 271, 34» 256, 36. 131, 189, 38. 177. 44. «37, 45. «7«. 4^. 
69* 50, 259. 54. 143. 55. 149» 59. 71. 61, 95. 99; other names, 45, 2x9; 
distance from North Sea, 44, 243; sise, 33, 153; sulphur springs at, 
45, 219; tribes about, 5, 279, 18, 229, Ji, 239, 35, 201; Iroquois at, 
36, III, 38, 177. 

Oneida — 4a, 205, 295. 53, 241; fish in, 51, 121. 

Onondaga^4i, 123, 255, 44, 179, 51, 293, 294; surrounded by salt- 
springs, 43, 259; Iroquois fort at, 41, 258; French settlement, 43, 
95. 43» 151. 155-X57. 161. 

Ontario— J9, 57, 40, 147. 4«. 1*5. «56, 4«, 79» »07, 209. 213, 215, 
44. 179. i8x, 45, 105, 47, X03, 49, 259. 361, 50, 321, 324. 51, 951» 5^. 
179. 57. 141. 315. 58, 105, 6 J, 163, 63, 271. 277. 304; meaning of 
name, 40, 256; other names, Ji, 191, 316, 40, 256, 41, 201, 49, 151, 
53, 241, 6j, 151; described, 38, 237, 49, 265; elevation, 8, 294; com- 
pared with Lake Erie, 69, 161; extent, 33, 63, 41, 95; islands, 4 J, 
69-71, 49, 263-265; scenery, 4 J, 71; rapids, 44, 181, 223; winds, 41, 
127; quality of water, 69, iS5-i57; tribes about 14, 286, J8, 231, 
40, 149, 71, 373 — Cayuga colony on north shore, 51, 177, 255-257. 5^. 
47; a route of travel, 1, 87, 105, 39, 57, 33, 65, 48, 77— blocked by 
Iroquois, 33, 65; French should control, 40, 221, 256, 49, 274 — plan 
settlement near, 41, 127; Courcelles at, 71, 377; French fort on, 40, 
256-257 (sgfa/sû Forts: Frontenac); Céloron's expedition on, 69, 155, 
195 ; map, 47, 320. See also Lac Catarakoui, and above Frontenac, 
and Iroquois ; and below St. Louis. 

Orr— 8, 303. 

Ouapichiouanon — 44, 241, 323. 

Ouassisanik — 44, 245. 

Ouichtagami— outlet, 18, 257, 44, 323. See below Outakonami. 

Ouinipeg — 4 J, 221, 45, 223. See below Winnipeg. 

Ouinipegouek (L. of the) — 45, 319. See above Nipissing. 

Ouinipignon — 68, 293 ; Aulneau to visit, 291. See below Winnipeg. 

Outakouami — location, 18, 257; tributary stream, 44, 241. See 
also above Ouichtagami. 



70 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Lidws 

Lakxs: Names and data (continued)—- 
People of the Sea (L. of the) — 46, 69, 77. See above Nipissing: 

cf. 45> 219. 272. 
Peoria — 65, 263, 264. 
Pepin — Radisson and Groseilliers winter near, a8, 320; French 

fort at, 68. 329-330- 

Pìékwagami (Peokwagami, Piagouagami» Piecouag^ami, Pinga- 
gami, Piouagamik, Piouakouami), Montagnais appellation of Lake 
St John, q.v.— ai. 251. 37, 211, 44, 239, 241, 50, 37-43, 56. 155. 59, 
41, 63, 249, 251, 257» 68, 2Q. 

Pontchartrain — 68, 223. 

Poygan — 54, 219, 307. 

Quatoghe — i, 317. See above Huron. 

Quinogaming — trading post at, 6j, 215-217. 

Rainy — French fort at, 68, 334. 

Rideau — Indian remains at, 18, 258. 

St Barnabe — 49, 51, 55, 59, 61, ^l, 73. 50, 23, 29. See above Mani- 
kougan. 

St François (expansion of St Lawrence River) — 43, 69 ; described, 
49, 261; extent, 69, 153; islands, 43, 141. 

St François (in Wisconsin) — 54, 217. See below Winnebago. 

St François, Little (in Wisconsin) — 58, 267, 59, 233 ; identity, 
58* 321, 58, 297. 

St Ig^nace — 41, 93-95- 

St John— 18, 257, 31, 290, 37, 265, 44, 323, 46, 73, 263, 265, 281, 
47. 153. 51. 75. 56, 177. 179. 197. 209, 211, 301, 58. 296, 59. 27, 29, 
253, 60, 247, 255. 257, 322, 61, 79, 83, 85, 63, 249, 255, 257, 263, 68, 51, 
325; discovered by De Quen, 8, 291, 14, 287, 31, 251-253; named by 
Crépieul, 68, 29; location, 46, 275; described, [31, 251, 37, 213, 46, 
a6i, 56, 155, 68, 41; source of Saguenay, 45, 233, 46, 261, 68, 29, 
39; its river system, 56, 303, 68, 43; fisheries, 31, 251; head of 
navigation, 46, 259-261; rendezvous for Indians, 56, 155-157, 211, 
61, 79-81; French at, J, 30a, 59, 315; fur trade, 68, 115, 69, 111-113; 
Iroquois at, 46, 287, 50, 37-43; Indian tribes depopulated, 69, 113; 
map of adjacent region, 65, 44, 71, 215. See also above Piékwagami. 

St Joseph — appellation of L. Michigan by Jesuits, i, 317, 60, 153, 
157. 163, 6a, 203. 

St Joseph (in Louisiana) — Taensas at, 65, 267. 

St Louis (expansion of St Lawrence River) — 45, 247 ; location, 
la, 272, 4^« 61-63, 49, a6i, 58, 123; history, 71, 304-305. 

St Louis (appellation of Lake Ontario) — ai, 191, 315, 316, aj, 259, 
39. 57. 33. 63, 65, 119, 123, 38, 237, 43. 139-141. 

St Paul — Algonkins on, 18, 187. 

St Pierre (St Peter) — 9, 159, ■«. aoi, 30» 293, 43. 35. i37. 44» 



Lakes] INDEX 71 

121, 229, 45, 87, 49. HL «53. SO, 205. 65, 29; described, la, 131. 48, 
i6i; extent, aj, 205. 38, 233; isUnds, 16, 153, 39, 161; ice, 35, 59; 
sturgeon, 48, 163; Algonkins at, J4, 291; a route of travel, j6, 31, 
J9, 19; infested by Iroquois, la, 97-99. 207-209, 213, 245, 34, 279, 
287, J5, 25, j6, 39, 53, 30, 239. 31, 173, 37, 93, I0I-I03, 38. 51, 191, 

333. 39, 57. 43. 65. 

St Sacrement — J9, 61, 51, 181-185, 64, 97; thus named by Jogues, 

«9. 49- 

St. Thomas — thus named by Buteux, 37, 35. 

Simcoe — II, 279, JO, 305; Hurons at, J, 303 — remains of their 
fish-weir, 5, 298, 54, 306; Algonkins winter at, 34, 256-257; Iro- 
quois at, 8, 30a 

Stinkards (L. of the), appellation of various lakes — Michigan, 15, 
248, 38, 239, 41. 79. 185, 48, 173; Nipissing, 45. 219; Winnebago, 
15, 247-248; Winnipeg. 248; applied to Green Bay, 51, 27. 

Superior— I. 221, 316, J3, 225, a8, 320, 33. 61, 41. 183, 185, 4«, 221, 
44. 32a, 324. 325. 45. 163, 223, 235. 46. 69, 77, 129. 141. 247, 4^. 263, 
273. 50, 263. 265, 289, 307, 324. 325. 327, 51. 63, 54. 129. 133, 149, 163, 
195. 213, 251. 55. 95-99. 103. 143. 163, 165, 169, 237, 319, 56, 115, 57. 
21, 203, 315. 58, 255, 59, 87, 201. 217, 61, 93. 6j, 193. 195. 64, 265, 66, 
283, 68, 334, 335 ; origin of name, 45. 219 ; named for Tracy, 50, 249, 
265, 54, 127; location, 38, 239; described. 33, 149, 45, 21g, 50, 265, 

54, Ï49; extent, 18, 229-231; islands. 45, 219, 51, 65; storms, 50, 
267; waterfall, 48, 277 (see Palls: Sault de Ste. Marie); rivers flow- 
ing into, 55, 165; geology, 71. 344; copper mines, i, 34, 45, 219, 50, 
327. 5". 65. 54. 153-165, 55, 99, 69, 39, 71, 324; other minerals, 45, 
219-221; fish, 54, 149-153; first mentioned in Relations^ 33, 149. 
271; French explorers at, a8, 319, 34, 247; tribes about, 18, 257, 
ZZ, 149. 3^. 294, 4", 79. 45. 219, 49, 241, 68, 297, 71, 290— at 
war with Sioux, 54, 193; rendezvous for tribes, 50, 267; their 
trade with Crées, 66, 107; venerated by Indians, 50, 265; map, 

55. 94- 

Temagami — regarded as source of St Lawrence, 44, 245. 
Temiscaming (Timagaming) — 44, 324, 6j, 223; Indian reiuains 
at, 18, 259. 
Tiohero — 44, 27, 5a, 262, 56, 51. See above Cayuga. 
Titicaca — Jesuits on, 3, 298. 
Tracy — appellation of Lake Superior, 50, 249, 265, 267, 273, 293, 

5«, 53. 61, 54. 127. 149- 

Two Mountains (L. of) — 58, 121, 123, 6a, 275; named for comte 
de Soissons, J, 396; location and size, 58, 295; Sulpitian mission at, 
I, 20-21, 31, 67, 331, 70, 93. See also Oka. 

Upper — 57, 316. 

White (in Wisconsin) — 55, 321. 



72 JESUIT RELATIONS [ 

Lakes: Names and data (continued) — 

Winnebago — 54, 306, 58, 297; described, 54, 217, 307. See also 
Lac des Puants, and Winnebago Indians. 

Winneconne — 54,307. See aâûve 'Paygtai. 

Winnipeg— 44, 324, 64, 281. 68. 334, 335; origin of name, 15, 
247-248; tribes about, 66, 107, 341; French fort at, 68, 334. See 
also aòove Kriqs (L. of the) ; and Lac des Puants. *;^ 

Woods (L. of the) — 66, 341, 68, 293; described, 291; French fort 

at, 331. 334. 
Yjadakoin — 69, 161. See o^^v/ Chautauqua. 



Lalande, Joseph Jerome François, astronomer: writes life of Pic- 
quet, 66, 312. 

Lalande, Jacques de: Isles Mingan granted to, 50, 325. 

La Lande (Laiande), Jean de, Jesuit donné: accompanies Jogues, 
aS, 231, 31, iix; slain by Mohawks, i, 28, 9, 314, a8, 231, 30, 175, 
221, 229, 31, 115, 123, 33, 151, 36, 23, 39, 237, 4a, 263. 

Lalxmant (L'Alemant, L'Allemand, L'Allemant, Lallemant, Lalle- 
mcnt), Charles. Jesuit, 4, 231, 267, 5> 39. 57» 6, 43, 59, 63, 67, 81, 85- 
89, 135. 7. 229. 231. 277. 285, 297, S, 65, 9, 147, 301, 313, II, 55, 81. 123, 
13, 49, 159, 187, 15» 247, 41, 241, 71, 132; belongs to Paris " league 
of prayer,*' 14, 288; arrives in Canada, i, 8, 314, 7, 21 x; instructed 
by interpreter, 4, 213; ministers to French colonists, 217; confessor 
of Champlain, 227, 256, 9, 209; not at Pentegoët, 4, 269; sent 
to Prance, 260, 267; shipwrecked, 235-241, 245, 255-256, 35, 65, 
36, 71; rescued, 4, 243; at Bordeaux, 231, 235, 245; aids Le Jeune's 
departure, 5, 11; influences Marsolet, 113; with Hurons, 279; act- 
ing superior, 6, 45-47 ; aids sick Algonkin, 7, 281 ; instructs French 
children, 8, 227, 36, 250; goes to France, 14, 277; procurator for 
Canadian missions, 18, 241; Jogues writes to, 35, 43-65; superior 
of Paris house, 36, 71 ; vice-provincial, 234; permits issue of Rela- 
tion, 37, 89; gifts to Quebec parish church, 43, 283; sketch, 4, 
233. 255-256, 71, 122, 138. 
Writings: letters — (1625-29) 4, 2-4, 171-245. 247-951, 267, 71, 

183, 216; (1634) cited, 9, 306; (1642) 31, 16-17, 269-«73, 309, 71, 186— 

cited, 33, 317. Cited, 4, 255, 5, 280, 291, 8, 290, 305, 10, 391, 11, 

55. 279. ^4. 125. 

Lalemant, Gabriel, Jesuit, 33, 91, 34, 215, 4^. 279, 71, 132; arrives 
in Canada, 38, 233; at Quebec, 251; renews his vows, 30, 155, 
901; preaches at Beauport, 165; sent to Montagnais, 185-187; goes 
to Three Rivers, 193; joins Huron mission, 33, 97, 189; instructed 
by Chaumonot, 34, 219 ; exchanges missions with Chabanel, 35, 161 ; 
at St. Jean, 40, 43; last baptisms by, 34, 103; captured by Iro- 
quois, 127-133. 39, 249; refuses to escape, 34, 197-199 ; tortured 



;] INDEX 7S 

to death by Izx)qi]oÌ8, I, 36, 17, 243, 34, 25-37, 139-149. 213. a*?. 
237. 35. frontispiece, 19, 79. 36, 187, 39. 253-255. 40. 169, 43, 263. 
43. 311-313. 44. 173. 46, 302; biography, 34, 155-157, »45, 39. 255- 
259t 71. 146; portrait, 34, frontispiece, 71, 209; facsimile writing, 
211. Writings, 34, 151, 229, 245; pions meditation, 1 51-155; lin- 
gnistic ability, 219. 
Lalxiiant, Jérôme (Hierosme), Jesuit, 16, 211, ai, 291, j9, 215, 30, 
183-193, 199, 2Û3, 31, 179, 36, 147. 38. 157. 4a. 292, 296-298, 46, 
165, 47. 133. 257, 48, 29, 251, 295-297, 49, 91, 137. 50, 187, 51, 147, 
71, 132; belongs to "league of prayer," 14, 288; goes to Huron 
mission, 267; attacked by Indians, 267-271, 15, 151, 16, 2x1; 
arrives in Huronia, 239; at Ossossané, 17, 29, 75, 145, ao, 95; his 
Huron appellation, 16, 239, 34, 109; his labors with Hurons, 15, 
169, ai, 283, 295, aa, 151. 303, a3, 19. a6, 221, a7, 71, a8, 267—88 
superior, 15, 151, 247, ao, 93, ai, 303-307, «3, 247. a4, 109; at 
feast of dead, a3, 209 ; leaves Huron mission, a8, 39, 69, loi ; con- 
fers with provincial, ai, 293; superior of Canadian missions, 15, 

249, ^7, 77. 141, 30, 149, 4«, 299, 45, 29, III, 155; Montmagny 
leaves sealed orders with, a7, 87; at Quebec, 81, 135, a8, 219; 
preaches, a7, 105, 34, 43, 63; officiates, a8. 177, 34, 45-51. 65. 36, 
145, 37, 95. 119, 3®, 179; visitations, a7, 93, 277. 303, a8, 183, 201, 
207, 30, 175, 3a, 89. 34, 53-55, 35, 41-49, 45, 81 ; difficulty with 
Montreal Jesuits, a7, 95 ; witnesses contract, 97 ; gives New- Year's 
gifts, a8, 145, 34, 39, 65; various official acts, a8, loi, 139, 215, 
225-229, 273, 315, 31. 19, 107; revises Ursuline rules, 30, 157, 165; 
lights St Joseph's fire, 34, 43; disapproves bonfires on saints' 
days, 35, 35, 51; gifts and feast to Montagnais, a8, 205, 30, 155; 
returns to Prance, 35, 57, 36, 45-47; recommended as bishop of 
C^anada, 71; visits bishop of La Rochelle, 38, 147; returns to 
Canada, 45, 99; appointed vice-superior, 38, 183, 4a, 249. 71, 398; 
letters to, 34, 211-221, 46, 127-145, 253, 47, 69; a member of coun- 
cil, 46, 187; blesses Ursuline chapel, 45, 79; sketch, 15, 247, 71, 
122-123, 143 ; facsimile writing, 212 ; character, a5, 83. 
Writings: Journal des Jésuites^ a7, 77-i2i, a8, 143-251, 3i7, 30. 
153-203, 3a. 67-109, 34, 39-65, 35. 31-55. 291, 38, 185-189, 294, 4a. 
249, 45, 111-167, 271, 46, 15^189. 302, 47, 273-311, 48, 225-241, 
49.157-163, 274, 7", 187-191, 193-195- Letters— 1638, 14, 267-271; 
1640, 17, 6, 219-231, 239, ao, 77-85, 71, 185; 1641, ai, 129; 1642, aa, 
303; 1643, a6, 171-173; 1644, a7, 63-71; 1645, a8, 39-101; 1646, 
267-273; 1649, 34, 83-85; 1650, 36, 47-57; 1662, 47, 131-133; 1663, 
16-17. 247H157, 314, 71, 194; 1664. 48, 25-29, 249-251. Mémoire 
on donnas, ai, 293-297, 309, 316-317, 3x9, 71, 184. Relations — 
1639, 71, 185; 1640, 18, 252; 1640-41, ai, 316, 71, 186; 1641- 
42, ^%, 313. 71, 187; 1643-44, 315, 283, 71, 187; I644-45, 



74 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 



Lalemant: Writings (continued) — 

71, 188; 1645-46,38,257.71,188; 1646-47,30, 225,229. 71, 188; 1647- 

48, 331, 127-129. 71, 189; 1649-50, 190; 1658-59, 45, 263; 1659-60, 

71, 193; 1661-62, 194; 1662-63. 31, 319, 71, 194; 1663*64, 194. Cited, 

a, 302. 5. 278-279. 291. 33, 247, 325, 327, 33. 271, 69, 290. 71. 230. 

Translates Jogues's Latin memoir, 31, 63, 75. 

Lalemant, Louis, Jesuit, 9, 313. 

Lallemand, A., Jesuit, Brussels: aid from, acknowledged, ao, 16. 

La Lochetiere, , killed by Iroquois, 37, 117. 

La Loë, , secretary of Company of Indies: Beaubois writes to, 

67, 265-275, 329. 
La Magdelaine, abbé de, ecclesiastical title of Jacques de la Ferté, 

30, 173» 3^. 41, 36. 73- 

La Malbaie, 69, 81-95, 125, 131-139. Set Malbaie. 

La Manche. 4, 69, 8, 175; origin of name, 4, 253. See also English 
Channel. 

La Marche, . abandoned by Indians, 8, 85. 

La Marche, Jean François de, Jesuit scholastic. 71, 132; sketch, 166. 

La Marguerie. Laisné de: author (?) of Mottfs véritables^ ai, 312. 

La Marque, , aided by Jesuits, 47, 293. 

La Martinière, 48, 233. See Berment, C. de. 

Lamb, Martha J. : Hist. N, K. City, 71, 316. 

Lambert, Claude François, Jesuit writer: makes compilation from 
Lettres édifiantes, 66, 326-327. 

Lambert, Eustache, 45, 151, 66, 340; serves Jesuits, a8, 229; with 
Hurons, 36, 117; at Tadoussac, 129; commands flying camp, 38, 
179; sponsor in baptism, 59, 61; his family, 306; sketch. 36. 245. 

Lambert-Dumont, Madeleine, marriage. 66, 340. 

Lamberville, Jacques de. Jesuit, 63, 155, 71. 132; labors among Iro- 
quois, I, 31, 316 — Mohawks, 59, 241, 61. 165; attacked by drunken 
Indian. 63, 225 ; at Onondaga, 55, 65, 229-231, 241 ; baptisms 
by, 61, 237, 63, 69; last to leave Iroquois mission (1686). 64. 241; 
sketch, 60. 320-321, 71, 154. Reports state of missions in 1696, 65, 
29-39, 255, 71, 202; extracts from letter (1676), 60, 179-183. 71. 199. 

Lamberville, Jean de, Jesuit, 57. 77, 141, 308, 317, 58, 293, 60, 320, 
321, 61, 21. 171, 185, 221. 229. 249, 63, 225, 272, 71. 132; missionary 
to Onondagas. 56. 27, 57. 129. 5«, 207. 59. 77, 243, 61. 165. 223- 
225. 237, 63, 229-231. 241-243, 64, 91 ; leaves Onondaga (1679), ^^ 
165; struggle with drunken Indian, 63. 225; baptisms by. 61. 237; 
superior of Iroquois missions. 19. 63, 227; agent of Frontenac 
among Iroquois, 273 ; confers with Denonville, 64, 241 ; treachery 
of governor to him and Iroquois. 243 ; last to leave that mission, 
241, 247-249; chaplain at Fort Frontenac, 251; life saved by an 
officer, 251-255; mediates with hostile Iroquois, 255; procuror of 
Canadian missions, 259. 66, 67; at Paris, 64, 280, 66, 35, 39-41; 



Ut Motte] INDEX 75 

brother Jesuits write to, 65, 33, loi, 264, 66, 11-12, 25-41, 217, 297, 
337; sketch, 56, 301, 71, 152; circtilar letter on, 231; facsimile 
writing, 57, 36, 71, 2x2. Letters— (1671) 56, 45; (1672) 57. I53- 
175; (1673) 10.29-31,307, 317. 7«. 197; (1674)58, ao7-223; (1676) 
60, 185-195, 71, 199; (1682) 6a, 10-12, 14, 55-107, 151-155. 369. 71. 
200; (1683) 6a, 227; (1684-86) 71, 230; (1695)64, 19-20, 238-2591 
272, 280, 71, 201. Copies Relaiton of 1672-73, 57, facing 36, facing 
180, 307-310, 313, 319, 71, 197. Translates letter of Hnrons, 61, 
15-16, 249-255, 265-267, 272. 71, 199- 

Lambing, Rev. A. A., Catholic historical writer: cited, 69, 297; aid 
from, acknowledged, 7a, 11; translator, 71, 246; editor of Catk, 
Hut. Researches, 327-328. Manor of Ktttanntng, 71, 316. 

Lambonrg, Esther de, marriage, 37, 267. 

La Meslé (Meslée), 38, 183, 43, 69. See Crevier, C. 

La Meslée, François, slain by Iroquois, 38, 177. 

Lamets, , French sailor, a, 310. 

L'Amoignon, Mme. de, correspondent of Gravier, 66, 139. 

Lamoignon family, owns Cramoisy Relations, 8, 283-284, 15, 240, 
as, 283-284, 30, 300-301, 3a. 307-308, 34. 238, 36, 234, 48. 291, 49. 
269, 55. 316. 

La Montagne, , flees from Three Rivers, 38, 171. 

La Montagrne, , soldier: deserts, 38, 169. 

La Montagne à Bonhomme, 71. 77. See Jesuit estates: Belair. 

La Montagrne, Johannes, councilor at New Amsterdam: Labatie 
writes to, 31, 290. 

La Morinie, Jean-Baptiste de, Jesuit, 71, 132; compelled to abandon 
St. Joseph mission, 70, 277; at Ste. Geneviève, 277; sketch, 87, 
310, 71, 172. 

Lamote, , trader: fined for exceeding price-tariff, 44, 93. 

La Mothe, , French ship-captain, 47, 285, 289, 50, 195-197. 

La Mothe (Motte), , Detroit habitant: dealings with mission, 

70, 47. 59-63- 
Lamothe-CadiUac, Antoine de. See Cadillac. 

La Motte, , at Quebec, 43, 77. 

La Motte, , aids Marest, 66, 117. 

Lamotte, Dominique de, sieur de Lutier (Lucières) de St. Paul: 

marriage, 50, 320. 
La Motte (Mote, Mothe, de Vilin), Nicolas de, French officer: serves 

tmder LaSaussaye, a, 251, 281, 3, 269, 279; in Canada, a, 309; 

sponsor in baptism, 283, 4, 95; captured at St Sauveur, 93, 

65, 271; taken to Virginia, 4, 23, 31; to England, 77; aided by 

French ambassador to reach France, a, 310, 4, 79. 
La Motte-Lussière (Lucière), Pierre de St Paul, sieur de, French 

officer: erects Fort Ste. Anne, 50, 141; sketch, 319-320. See also 

La Salle, R. de. 



7« JESUIT RELA TIONS [Uunprtr 

Lamprey, in Caoadiaii waters, 6, 271. 

Lampngnano, , Jesuit, 18, 33, 

La MtijTS, 66, 129, 133, 137, 342. Ste Daneaux, N. 

L'Amy (Lamy), , secretary of Hundred Associates, 8, 310; 

writes to Le Jeune, 227-229. 
La Nasse, sobriquet of Manitougatche, an Algonkin, 5, 143, 173, 
175, 185, 213, 6, III, 117. See Manitougatche. 

La Nativité, , Ursuline, 71, 31. 

La Nativité, Renée de. Hospital nun: goes to Canada, 41, 187; visits 

Montreal, 44, 323. 
Lancets, 46, 137, 49, 207. 
Lançon, a fish, a, 299. See ÉquìUe. 

Lakd: " Height of," between Hudson Bay and St Lawrence, 44, 
323 ; between Atlantic coast and St Lawrence, 67, 333 ; see also 
Watersheds. Quality — see Land under Canada, and New France. 
Measures of, in New Prance, 4,268; clearings made, 9, 155, 185- 
191» 43> 247, 47, 259-267, 70, 29, 43 ; notices concerning, published, 
48, 241; g^ven to immigrants, 50, 245; royal surveyor, 70, 307; 
timbered, on Jesuit estates, 71, 69, 71, 79, 91 ; rate of rent, a8, 
211; prices, at Detroit, 69, 245. Tenure — feudal, 71, 301, 378; in 
Canada, 4, 258, 71, 301, 30^310; in Acadia, 310; of Hudson Bay 
Company, 308; English, 390; see also Seigniories. Titles 
to — on Kennebec River, 36, 241; in St Louis, 4, 268, 71, 324. 
Allotments — in Canada, 4, 268; in Illinois, 268; in Providence 
Plantations, 269, 71, 314. Common lands — at Laprairie, ceded to 
the Jesuits, 71, 393; at Quebec, 11, 278; at Three Rivers, 35, 43, 
3^1 1 77i 71« B7. Crown lands — transferred to Federal government, 
71, 393; Reports of commissioner, cited, 309, 393. Ceded to 
United States by Indians, 71, 288. 

Landgrants in Canada: 71, 341; extent, and terms, 48, 177; by 
Talon, 5, 284, 35, 290, 49, 275; cultivated, to immigrants, 50, 245; 
revoked, when land is not cleared, 47, 517 ; royal, excepted in Quebec 
Act, 71, 392. Concessionaries — Ailleboust, 33, 328; Amyot, 49, 
273; Beauhamais, 67, 332; Berthelot, 9, 314; Bissot (Buissot), 35, 
390, 70, 316; Bourdon, 11, 278; Company of New France, 4, 257; 
Champflour, ao, 311 ; Cheffault and Cheffault-Rozée company, 5, 288, 
9, 307, 312, 35. 290; Crevier, 38, 294; Cugnet 69, 291; De Monts, i, 
305, a, 33, 4, 43, 107, 233, 256; Deslandes, 9, 314; Dudos de Celles, 
j8, 316; Dugué, 6a, 274; Du Hérisson, 35, 290; Dupuis, 58, 295; 
Duquet, 3a, 311-312; GifEard, 4, 268, 6, 326; Hébert, a, 308; Hertd, 
4, 261, 9, 305, 71, 85; Jesuits (j/^ Jesuits: estates); Joliet, 50, 325, 
6a, 272; Lalande, 50, 325; La Salle, la, 273; Lauson, 6, 325, la, 273; 
Laval, II, 278; Lefebvre, 3a, 312; Le Gardeur, 8, 309, la, 273; Le 
Maistre, 5, 292; Le Moyne, a7, 312; Le Sueur, 11, 278, a4, 309; 



Ui Now] INDEX 77 

Le Tardif, 5, 288; Marsolet, 284, 71, 85; Martin, 3 J, 312; Mézeray, 
37» 313: Mme. de Monceatix, 35, 289; Montmagny, 8, 307; Mon- 
treal associates, u, 273, ai, 311; P. Perrot, 58, 295; N. Perrot, 55, 
320; Poisson, 3a, 312; Robinean, 36, 249; St Denis, 34, 246; Sorel, 
49. 275 ; Vandreuil. 67, 331 ; Indians, 36, 250, 47. 263. 59> 285, 60. 
89, 6a, 276, 71, 89; Ursulines, 11, 277, 37, 121; Hospital nuns, 121, 
j8, 21X. 

Other grants : Acadia — Alexander, 4, 269-270; Beauhamais, 67, 
332; Chanfours, 63, 300; Denys, 1, 315; Racilly, 8, 288. Louisiana 
— 67, 340, 343; described, 279-283; concessionaries, 281, 287, 297, 
303, 31 7i 343. Maine — 36, 241-243; to Cadillac, 65, 271. Massa- 
chusetts — 36, 242. Newfoundland — 5, 277. New Hampshire — 36, 
242. New York — Mohawks, to Dellius, 64, 277. Virginia ~ 4, loi, 
2S3» 254. West India Islands — 4, 258. 
Land disease, 3, 51, ao, 75, a4, 161. See Scurvy. 
Land-roll, 71, 390. See Papier-terrier. 

Landreau, , Jesuit: musical tastes, 68, 275. 

Landslides, on shores of Saguenay, 68, 31. 

La Neigerie, , servant of Jesuits: at Sillery, 37, 83, a8, 303; 

at Quebec, 169, 203 ; escapes from fire, 30, 187. 

Laneuville, de, Jesuit: mentioned by Nau, 68, 235. 

Langelier, J. C: Gaspesia, cited, 3, 300, 71, 306. " Population de 

Quebec,^' 71, 306. 
Langevin, Edmond: Biag, Laval, cited, 45, 269-270, 65, 261, 71, 

335. 
Langlade, Charles de: ancestry, a8, 316; leads Ottawas against 

Miamis, 69, 299; biography, 71, 336, 338. 

L'Anglois, , sponsor in baptism, 70, 73. 

Langlois, Jean, French ship-captain: in coasting trade, 36, 139, 143* 

37. "7, 3«, 179- 
Langlois, Jean Ste. Thérèse, founds Prairie du Rocher, 71, 388. 
Langlois, Louis Germain, fils, merchant: Glapion writes to, 71, loi- 

107. 
Langlois, Marguerite, marriage, a8, 314, 3a, 312; gift to, a8, 143« 
Langlois (L'Anglois), Noel, Norman pilot: in Canada, a8, 314; gifts 

to Quebec parish church, 4a, 289. 
Langlois, Paul, sailor: deserts, 38, 171. 

Langoulmois, , soldier: slain by Iroquois, 37, 1x5. 

La Niagara, name of cow, 70, S3* 

Lanion, Michel, Jesuit brother, 71, 132 ; sketch, 155. 

Lanman, James H. : Hist, Michigan, cited, 68, 334, 71, 32a 

La Noire, name of cow, 70, 53. 

La Noue (Nouhe), Jacques de, Jesuit: mentioned by Chauchetière. 

64. 141. 



78 JESUIT RELA TIONS fL' 

L'Anse, Mich., Ménard at site, i8, 257, 46, 301. 

Lantage, Charlotte de, sponsor in baptism, a, i6x. 

Liantage-baratier, de, sponsor in baptism, a, 157, 161. 

Lantage-Montleliart, de, sponsor in baptism, a, 157. 

Lfantems, of horn, 50, 163. 

Laon, France, 50, 322, 71, 400, 402. Seg Marquette, J. 

La Palliare, , 66, 129. 

La Palme, , soldier: captored by Iroqnois, 37, 115, 38, 59. 

La Passion, Catherine (Chevalier), sister de, becomes Hospital nnn, 
35. 61. 

La Pêcherie, 64, 193. 

La Peltrie (Pelterie), de, marriage and death, 16, 11, 56, 225- 

227. 

La Peltrie (Pelleterie, Pelterie), Marie Madeleine de {nei de Chau- 
vigny), 19, 41, 47, 317, 56, 261; at Tours, 251-257; founds 
Ursuline convent at Quebec, 5, 275, 16, 9-19, 27, 256, ai, 312, %^, 
318, as, 237, 38, 97-99, 107; in religious procession, 15, 227; at 
Indian council, 229-233; aided by Poncet, 250; by Bemières-Lou- 
vigny, 16, 258; sponsor in baptism, 21, 18, 87, ao, 309-310, a4, 
333-235, a6, 139; Indian girls given to, 16, 23, 31, 167; brings 
more nuns to Quebec, 18, 65, 75, 19, 269; kindness to Indian chil- 
dren, 18, 127, ao, 251; their love for her, 19,49, 55-57» ^5» *37; 
founds seminary for them, 19, 37; her interest in education, 56, 
219, 231, 253; various pious acts, 18, 159-161, 19, 23, a4, 229; seal, 
19. 57-59. ao. 139-141; at Sillery, 135; at Montreal, a3, 301, 
aSt 237; at Tadoussac, a6, 139; aids missions, ao, 127, 139, 4a, 
115; gifts by, a8, 145, 243 — to Quebec parish church, 4a, 281-283; 
to Montreal colonists, 47, 283 ; begins novitiate with Ursulines, a8, 
245 ; prayers said for, 34, 43 ; Ursulines dwell in her house, 36, 
249; death, 56, 219, 275-277; will, 277, 281-283; biography, ll, 
276-277, 16, 11-13, 56, 219-285; portrait, 16, frontispiece, 71, 209; 
letters, 19, 47-49, 55-57. 

La Perade, Detroit habitant: dealings with mission, 69, 277. 

La Perdrix, Algonkin chief, 8, 71, 294, 9, 259; dissuades Hurons 
from taking Jesuits, 7, 215. 

La Perle, , French surgeon at Three Rivers, 11, 129. 

La Perle, , at Quebec, 43, 77. 

Lapham, I. A. : Wisconsin Antiquities, 71, 320. 

" La Picarde," French woman: loan by, repaid, 30, 175. 

La Picardière, 67, 332. See Bégon. 

La Pierre, , goes to Orleans Island, 36, 117. 

La Pierre, Jean Louis de, Jestdt, 71, 133; sketch, 171. 

La Piniere, Que., lumbering at, 36, 137. 

La Place, Jacques de, Jesuit, 71, 133; arrives in Canada, (1637) 



La Prairie] INDEX 7» 

143, (1641) ai, 107, 312, (1649) 313, 34, 59; at Mucou, ai. 3ia-3i3. 
a8. 213, 30. 195, 3a. 37-39; returns to France, (1647) ai. 313, 3a. 
53, (1658) ai, 313, 44, 107; at Three Rivers, ai. 313, 38, 197; at 
Quebec, ai, 313, aa, 41, 37, 95. 43, 55; duties at Sillery (1649), 34, 
63; at Jesuit council (1650), 35, 39; in procession, 45; officiates at 
special functions, 51, 61; death (1668), 71, 143; sketch, ai, 31a- 
313, 7". 143- Letter {^RtL 1645-46), 30, ii-ia, 127-143. 303, 7», 
x88; cited, 18, 257. 

Laplante, Marie Catherine, marriage, 70, 306. 

La Pointe, Augustin, miraculously cured, 65, 109. 

La Pointe, peninsula near Penetanguishene Bay: Indian villages 
on. 34. 251, 255-256. 

La Pointe (du St. Esprit), 5a, 362, 263, 54, 185-193. Set St Esprit 

La Pointe Coupée, settlement on Mississippi: described, 69, 215. 

La Popilière, , captain of '* Renommée: " attitude toward La 

Vente, 66, 129 ; present at investigation of Bienville, 129. 

La Porte, Pierre de: sponsor In baptism, 11, 123; sketch, 278. 

La Poterie, Mlle. , at Quebec, 3a, 103. 

La Poterie, Jacques le Neuf de, 9, 310; arrives in Canada (1636), 8, 
309, 9, 141 ; marriage. 8, 309; lands granted to, 309-310; purchases 
fief (1649), 310, ao, 311 ; brings colonists to Canada, 8, 221, 9, 143; vis- 
its Jesuits, II, 227 ; Vimont visits, 18, 91 ; governor at Three Rivers, 
8, 30^-310. a7, 81. 3a, 149. Ï59» 165, 37. "5, 4©, 255, 44. 229; 
Mézeray with, a7, 93, 313: calls council of Algonkins, a8. 149; 
sends ore samples to Montmagny, 227-229; land disputes with 
Jesuits, 229-231, 35, 43, 48, 295; nephew captured by Iroquois, 3a, 
95; disputes with trading company, 34, 55; organises militia, 8, 
310; at Quebec, 35, 55, 37, 95, 47, 297; marriage of daughters and 
niece, 36, 247-249; flight of his servant 38, 169; Iroquois invade 
his property, 177; warns French, 4a, 225-227; his son goes to 
Prance, 43, 55; opens tavern at Three Rivers (1657), 77; imprisons 
Iroquois, 44, 233 ; disputes Jesuit titles at Cap de la Magdelaine, 
47, 268; owns shallop, 303; appointed provisional governor of 
Canada (1665), 8, 310; appointment as governor partially refused 
by council, 310; term as governor, 71, 117; returns to France 
(1666), 8, 310, 50, 203; ennobled by king (1666), a7, 311; sketch, 
8, 309-310; family of, extinct, 310. Set also Le Neuf. 

La Poterie, Marie de, daughter of Jacques: marriage, 36, 249. 

La Potherie, 71, 336. See Le Roy de la Potherie. 

La Potherie, M. de Bacqueville de: Amer. Septetn.^ cited, io, 321, 
65, 261, 67, 49, 52, 71, 215, 253. 375. 

La Poudre Chaude, Oneida chief: convert, 63, 197. 

La Prairie de la Magdelaine (Madeleine, Magdeleine), 57, 141-145, 
58, 83, 59, 265, 271, 283, 69, 247; reverts to crown, 55, 319; 



80 JESUIT RELA TIONS [U 

La Prairie (continned) — 
iDdiansat, 57» 107, 141, 58, 77, 81, 59, 289; Indians rendezvous 
&t, 58, 79; piety at, 59, 79, 257-269; Duchesneau visits, 285; Jesnit 
seigniory, 71, 91; common at, ceded to Jesuits, 393. Ste also 
Cap de la Magdelaine, and Jesuits: mission colonies. 

La Presentation: fort at, partially burned, 69, 195; J. B. Céloron, 
commandant at, 294; founded, 71, 334; montmientat, 382. 

La Puente (Dupont, de Ponte), Luis de, Spanish Jesuit: sketch, a7, 
313. Meditaciones^ translations of, 37, 313. 

La Ralde (Rade), Raymond de: succeeds De Caen, 4, 263 ; unfriendly 
to Jesuits, 267; arrives in Canada, 5, 67; Iroquois child given to, 
71; sketch, 278. 

La Ravardière, Daniel de la Touche de, takes colony to Brazil, 8, 
287. 

L'Arbre à la Croix, French settlement: Iroquois at, 43, 65. 

Larceny. See Penalties. 

Larcher, , copies Chauchetière's letters, 64, 272. 

L'Archevêque, Claude: canoe upsets, 45, 95; sketch, 270. 

Lard, 9, 157; seal-oil compared to, 68, 89; production of, at La Mal- 
baye, 69, 91. See also Bacon, Fat, and Grease. 

Larding-pins, Hospital nuns ask for, 51, 115. 

Lareau, Edmond: " Monnaie de cartes," cited, 69, 303, 71, 307. 
Hist, droit canad,^ cited, 41, 257, 71, 306-307, 391. 

La Renardière, 4J, 300. See Cheffault, A. 

La Resurrection, Mother de, French Hospital nun, 41, 241-243, 43, 25. 

La Reynie, de, French court official, 55, 247, 316. 

L'Argilier, Jacques, dit le Castor, Jesuit brother, 66, 125, 135, 341, 
71, 133 ; advises Gravier, 66, 63 ; Jesuit donné, 125-127 ; in western 
missions, 340; death (1714), 340; sketch, 340, 71, 149. Circular 
letter on, 71, 231. 

La Ribourde, Gabriel de. Récollet brother, killed at Crèvecœur, 1, 35. 

La Richardie, Armand de, Jesuit, 69, 309, 71, 133; arrives in C^anada 
(1725), 68i 333; at Lorette mission, 338; sent to Detroit (1728), 333; 
with Hurons at Detroit (mission de l'Assomption), 283. 333, 69, 
51-53177.1931*85,300,305; at Quebec, 68, 281, 333; contracts 
of, 69, 241-247 ; tool-makers lodge with, 243 ; leaves Detroit, 265 ; 
accounts of, 245-265; instructions of, 265-269; Potier assists, 289; 
owns houses at Detroit, 70, 23-27, 35-37, 47, 306; surety for habi- 
tants, 25, 41, 45; says masses for habitants, 45, 71; superior of 
Detroit mission, 67, 306; death (1758), 68, 333; sketch, 333, 70, 
8x, 71, 168. Letter (1741), 69, 12, 51-53» 279, 71, 206. Mission des 
Hurons (1733-56), 71, 207 {see Potier, P.). 

La Riviere, Antoine (Joseph Antoine) Poncet de, 71, 133. See 
Poncet de la Rivière. 



Ui 5ttlle] INDEX 81 

La Rivière, 71, 337. Ste Bissot, F. 

La Roche- Jacquelin, chevalier de: captain of French ship^ 8, 47; 
friendly to Jesuits, 53 ; aids in ccmversion of Calvinista 63. 

La Roche, Troîlus de Mesgouez, marquis de: colony of, at Sable 
Island, I, 4, a, 194, 3, 41, 293, 4» 107; death (1606). 3. 393; expedi- 
tion, 71, 338. 

La Roche Daillon (La Roche; d'Allion, Daillon), Joseph de, R6col- 
let: goes to Canada, 4, 171, 255; missionary labors, 1, 23, 4, 260, 
ai, 203-205, 317, 39, 265, 54> 305, 70, 205; sketch, 4, 260; cited, 8, 

304. 305. 
La Rochefoucauld, François de, cardinal: founds Bibliothèque de 

Sainte-Geneviève, 41, 252. 
Laroche-Héron, C. de: Servantes dt Diêu, cited, 16, 255, 256, 71, 

307. 
La Rochelle, seaport in France, 8, 288, a8, 191, 231, 35, $3, 36, 139, 

37. 364, 41, 199. 213. 237, 250, 253, 43, 321, 49, 217, 60, 109, 318, 
68, 235. Merchants — in Canada, 3, 43, 187; cheat Poutrincourt, 
187 ; in fur trade, 4, 256; accused of inciting Indian hostilities, 256. 
" Privilege " issued at, 4, 248 ; Quebec in same latitude as, 5, 149, 
181, aa, 41 ; surrender of, 7, 310. Commerce with New France, 
ai, 109, aó, 139, 41, 237, 47, 283, 50. 81. 243, 5a, 65, 60, 107-1X1 ; 
with New Netòerlands, as, 49, 55. Jesuits at, a6, 51, 31, 107, 37, 
79-81, 85, 67, 133, 68, 311; Ossossané named for, 34, 253; Dosquet 
at, 68, 227 ; garrison of Port Royal sent to, 69, 302 ; a bishopric, 

38. 147. 157. 

La Rochelle, town in Huron country, 6, 19, 8, 85, 9, 287, 291, 10, 
81, 197, 235, 243, 291, 309, II, i7t I3> ii5> 133; French name for 
Ossossané (q.v.), 5« 259, 292, 34, 253; location, 5, 292, 8, loi; 
Jesuits settle at, 261-263 ; Jesuits desired at, 10, 53. 

La Roque, de, French official: desires to send colony to Can- 
ada, a, 163. 

La Rose, , servant: runs away, 38, 169; bearer of letters, 44, 

85; reports movement of Iroquois, 45, 97; hanged for robbery and 
ai^on, 47, 297. 

Larousse, Pierre A. : cited, 1, 307. Diet universel, 71, 352. 

La Rue, de, vicar: sponsor in baptism, a, 159. 

Larv», shades of the dead, 3, 207, 300. 

La Salle, , king's scrivener: commissary at Fort St. Louis, 66, 

129. 

La Salle, , ship captain: relative of Pontgravé, 3, 187. 

La Salle, Jean Claude, sponsor in baptism, 70, 75. 

La Salle, René Robert Cavelier, sieur de, noted explorer, 50, 321, 
63, 289, 65, III, 113, 137, 159, 71, 304; member of Jesuit order, 57, 
31 St 60, 319-3Ì0; leaves OTder (1667), 320; arrives in Canada 



82 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Laflcaris 

La Salle (continued) — 
(1666, aL, 1668), 57, 315, 60, 320; Jesuits hostile to, i, 35. 57. 3x6: 
receives grant of Lachine, la, 273. 57» 315; establishes trading 
post, la, 273, 57, 315; project for reaching China, la, 273; first 
western voyag^c (1669-70), 8, 302. 57, 315; meets Joliet, 50, 324, 
57. 315; discovers Ohio River, 315; in Seneca country, 27-31, 71, 
294; friendship with Frontenac, 57, 315; sent to France (1674), 
315; obtains grant of Fort Frontenac, 315; establishes colony, 315; 
Tonty with (1677-87), 63, 304; obtains permission to explore West 
(1678), 57, 315; commercial schemes, 315-316; La Motte with, 
50, 320; erects blockhouses at Niagara, 60, 319, 63, 304; builds first 
vessel on upper lakes (1679), 57, 316; builds Fort Crevecoemr 
(1679), 3x6. 64, 279; Accault with, 280; returns to Montreal, 57, 
316; his vessel, 6a, 163; fur traders and merchants hostile to, 57, 
316; expedition to Mississippi (1681), 316; Récollets with, i, 35-36; 
takes possession for France of Mississippi valley, and names it 
Louisiana (1682), 57, 316; visits Koroas, 68, 327; at Starved Rock 
(1682), 57. 316, 59, 314; La Barre hostile to, 57, 316; goes to 
France (1683), 316; g^ranted men and supplies, 316; expedition to 
Mississippi (1684), 316, 6a, 272; fails to find river, 57, 316, 65, 175, 
70, 223; last expedition (1687), 57. 3i6, 65, 270; death (1687), i, 36. 
57. 316, 63, 304, 306; sketch, 57, 315-317. 60, 319-320. His assas- 
sins fiee to Assenais, 65, 157, 177; fate of colony, 71, 378; friend- 
ship with Villermont, 63, 303 ; transfers title to Wolfe Island, 71, 
378; character, 57, 316. Books concerning — 57,316-317,71,294; 
memoir of expenses at Fort Frontenac, cited, ai, 315; voyages, 
71, 252, 262, 317, 322, 339; biography, 334, 337. Writings — extract 
from letter, 57, 317; memoirs and letters, 71, 251, 253; Relation, 
cited, 65, 173. 

Lascaris. Charles Emmanuel de, marquis of Urf é and Baugé, 63, 300. 

Lascaris, Louis de, son of Charles: becomes Sulpitian, 63, 300. 

La Saussaye, , a, 267, 281, 310, 4, 35, 233 ; head of Jesuit expe- 
dition and settlement at St. Sauveur, 1, 229, 313, a, 247, 3, 261 ; 
neglects defenses of colony, a, 249-251; cultivates land, 273; Eng- 
lish attack, 229, 3, 279; commission stolen, a, 255, 4, 9, 33; treats 
with Argyll, a, 261, 4, 21; sent to France, 1, 231, a, 263-265, 4, 23, 
35; seeks redress in England, 79; his lieutenant, 65, 271. 

La Sauzaie, , ship-captain: commands "Charante," 68, 231. 

baseur, , secular priest, 66, 33. 

La Sitiere (Citiere). See Lauson, Louis de. 

L'Assomption, Anne (Leriche) de. Hospital nun: arrives at Quebec, 

3a. 135. 312. 
L'Assomption (Jérémie Islets, q.v.), French settlement: André 
reconstructs church at, 57, 318. See also Jesuits: missions. 



Ui Tnthm] INDEX 83 

lAteran, council of: its canon, 3a, 83. 

La Tesserie, Jacques Descailhant, sienr de: returns from Tadoiusac, 
47> >93 ; interpreter in New Holland, 50, 191 ; member of Quebec 
council, 207; sketch, 325. 

Latham, R. G., ethnologist: cited, 68, 329. 

Lathe, used by Rale, 67, 245. 

Lathing, contract for, at Detroit mission, 70, 31. 

Latin: language, 46, 71, 61, 249; conjugation compared to Huron, 
10, 121; taught in Quebec, 41, 231; lexicon ef late, 71. 351. Play, 
performed, 51, 147; school, maintained by Jesuits in New York, 
64, 28a 

La Touche: heirs, lands belonging to, 71, S3. Ste also Aulneau, 
Mme. 

La Tour, , Jesuit servant: accompanies Alloues, 49, 161. 

La Tour, sieur , captain in Carignan regiment: gives drummer 

to Jesuits, 49, 161-163. 

La Tour, Charles Amador de. Huguenot and early Acadian settler, 
30, 159; arrives in Acadia, a8, 318; with Indians, 319; Biencourt 
appoints, as successor in Acadia, 319; lieutenant of Razilly (1632), 
8, 288, 9, 309, a8, 319; quarrel with D'Aulnay, 319; seeks aid 
from English colonies (1643), 319; allowed to enlist volunteers 
in Massachusetts, 36, 243; aided by Gibbons, loi, 242; property 
seized by D'Aulnay, 242; wife defends fort, a8, 319; expelled 
from Acadia (1645, not 1646), 319, 30, 304; seeks refuge at 
Quebec, a8, 223, 319; at Montreal, 30, 183; goes to war (1648), 
3 J, 81 ; in religrious procession, 91 ; in fur trade, 36, 242 ; g^fts of, 
to Quebec parish church, 4a, 277; Gibbons writes to, 36, 93; 
returns to Acadia (1651), 247; marries Mme. D'Aulnay, 247; 
friendly to Denys, 37, 99; letters from, 113, 38, 179; aids Bourdon, 
175; English capture (1655), 41, 257; sketch, a8, 318-319; descen- 
dants, 3, 296. 

La Tour, Mme. Charles Amador de: defends husband's fort, a8, 
3x9; death, 319. 

La Tour, Claude, father of Charles: in Acadia, j8, 318. 

Latour (La Tour), Pierre. See Goumay. 

La Tour, Pierre Urbain de, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 133; sketch, 161. 

La Tour family, 71, 302. 

La Treille, de : sponsor in baptism, 9, 59; at Three Rivers, 306. 

La Tremblade, capture of fisherman from, 36, 97. 

Latrobe, Christian Ignatius, translator of Loskiel, la, 271. 71, 288. 

La Troche, M. and Mme. , parents of Marie de St Joseph, 

Ursuline nun, 38, 69-79; live in Anjou, 69; permit daughter to 
become nun, 81-87; oppose her voyage to Canada, 103-105, 145- 
147 ; aid Indians, 143. 



84 JESUIT RELA TIONS [U 

La Tronchaie, , sieur de, friend of Bertrand, i, 46, 119. 

L'Auberìvìère (Lauberìvlère), François Louis Pourroy de, fifth 
bishop of Quebec: consecration, 69, 285; death, 47, 385; biog- 
raphy, 285, 71, 262. 

L' Aubiniere, sieur de, arrives in Canada, a8, 231-233 ; evil 

conduct, 231-233. 

Laudonnière (Laudonière), René de, early French colonizer: in 
Florida, I. 3, 4* 105, 254. 

Launay, de, captain of grenadiers: in charge of military sup- 
plies, 70, 165. 

Launay, Alain Xavier de, Jesuit in France: agent for Quebec Ursu- 
llnes, 71, 21-23, 29-31; asks for news from Quebec, 49; preaches 
at Ursuline convents, 51; says masses, 53; Well writes to. 25-27, 
207; sketch, 387. Letter, cited, 71, 399; letters to Ursulines (1759- 
60, 1768), II-I2, 21-23, 29-31.49-55. ao7, 383. 

Launay, E. L. Couanier de: Relig, kosp, di Saint" Joseph^ cited, 

16. 255. ^i. 312, 4i> 258, 7«. 307. 
Launay, Pierre de, 3a, 77; agent of Hundred Associates, 8, 312; 
sponsor in baptism, 267; marriage, 312, u, 275, J7, 97; leaves for 
Tadoussac, a8, 189; Indians complain of, 8, 312, a8, 205; at 
Quebec, 223; slain by Iroquois (1654), 8, 312; sketch, 312. 
Launay, seigneur de. See Racilly, Claude. 

Laurk, Pierre (Peter Michael), Jesuit, 71, 133; arrives in Canada 
(1711), 68. 326; instructor at Quebec college (1711-15), 327; in 
charge of library (1716), 327; ordained (1719), 327; reopens Sague- 
nay mission (1720), 327; spends life in Saguenay region, i, 16, 59, 
305. 68, 327; at Quebec, 25, 57-59; at Chicoutimi, 25-27, 5X-77, 
107-115; at Tadoussac, 35, 39, 79-83; on Saguenay River, 35-39; 
at N. D. de Bon Désir, 83, 99 ; sends picture to B6gon, 87 ; winters 
with Montagnais, 95 ; proposes education of Montag^nais children, 
hi; proposes mission to Labrador, 11 5-1 17; erects cross over 
Malherbe's grave, 71, 147; cartographer, 68, 327; death (1738), 327, 
69, 129; sketch, 68, 326-327, 71, 162-163. 

Writings^ mapst ond compilations : compiles Montagnais gram- 
mar and dictionary, 1, 17: composes Montagnais catechism and 
hymns, 68, 57; makes map of Saguenay region, 325; autograph 
maps (1731* 1732, and 1733)» cited, 59, 305-306 {see also Cartography 
and maps). Journal, cited, 68, 326. Rei. du Saguenay (1720- 
30), 68, 7-12, 25-117. 321. 325, 7«. 205. 

Laurel: as figure of speech, 38, 147; tree compared with, 43, 259; 
oil, needed at hospital, 49, 205 ; wild, 67, 89 {see also Bayberry). 
Laurence, Marie, marriage, 36, 245. 
Laurette. See Lorette. 
Laurus Campkora, 49, 276. See Camphor. 



] INDEX 86 

Laurus Sassafras, 43, 325. See Sassafras. 

Lanaon, Catherine (Marie) de (née Nau): wife of Loais de Latison, 
36, 249, 45, 270; marries sieur du Menti, 270; goes to Prance, 107. 

Lanson, Charles de, councilor of state (1636), 4a, 30a 

Lanson, Charles de, sienr de Chamy (Chami), son of Jean, pèrs^ 
43, 31; arrives in Canada (1652), 37, 107; title in New Franca, 
265; marriage, 6, 327, 37, 113, 26$; owns seigniory on Orleans 
Island, 265; g^fts to parish church, 43, 283, 287; governor ad 
interim of New France (1656-57), 37, 266, 43, 323, 71, 116; grants 
land to Méseray (1656), 37, 313; confers with Iroquois, 43, 191, 
195; attracted by religious life, 37, 266; first prefect of Omgrega- 
tion of Our Lady, 266, 43, 29; at Three Rivers, 4a, 253, 43, 35; 
orders to Frenchmen, 27; leaves office to D'Ailleboust (1657), 
323; returns to France, (1657) »3, 328, 37, «66. 43, 59, 323. 7«. 374. 
(1666) 37, 266, 50, 203; enters priesthood, 37, 266; returns to Can- 
ada with Laval (1659), 266, 45, 99; officiates at services, 125, 139- 
i43t 167; accompanies Laval to Three Rivers, 161; grand vicar 
(1660), 37, 266, 45, 165, 49, 203; attends sick, 46, 163; in religious 
procession, 47, 285 ; with Jesuits, 48, 233 ; with Laval, 233 ; direct- 
or of Hospital nuns, 50, 153; sketch, 37, 265-266; his daughter 
becomes Hospital nun, 265. 

Lauson (Lauson), Jean de, fifth governor of New France, 41, 23, 49, 
53. 59» 89, 109, 115, 247. 253. 4a. 49« 53. 55. 43. «5. la?, 165; one of 
Hundred Associates, 4, 257, 6, 35, 325, 47, 269; official dignities, 
6, 325; one of Cheffault-Rosée Company, 5, 288; receives grant of 
C6te de Lauson (1636), 292; in land company (1636), 9, 307; ac- 
count of campaign addressed to, 8, 311 ; frien(Uy to Jesuits, 6, 35, 
41, 325 ; asks Jesuits to remove to Three Rivers, 77; forbids send- 
ing Indians to France, 85; acquires Montreal Island, 325, la, 
273; transfers Montreal Island (1640), 6, 325, I3, 273, ai, 311; con- 
cedes and sells lands to Jesuits, (1647) 34, 55, 47, 269, (1652) 269, 
(1653) 361, (1654) 265, 71, 87, (1656) 47, 263, (in Iroquois country, 
1656) 41, 245-247; appointed governor of New France (1651), 6, 
335. 4^. 2X5 ; advocates choice of Charles Lalemant as bishop, 36, 
71; arrives in (Canada (1751)» 6, 325, 36, 145, 161, 4a, 300; wel- 
comed at Jesuit college, 36, 147; marriage, 6, 325 (erratum, see 
7i* 370); land granted to (1652), 8, 305; at funeral of Ursuline 
nun, 37, 95; at Montreal, 99; at Three Rivers, 99, 38, 173, 40, 
loi; sponsor in baptism, 37, 103; with Jesuits, 119; requests 
prayers, 38, 159; present at announcement of Rouen's ecdesiaa- 
tical authority over Canada, 185, 189; at peace conferences. 195, 
40, 165-167, 177. 185-191; policy toward irôquois, 38, 199, 4a, 59; 
requests Jesuits to fortify house (1653), 38, 295; writes to Dutòh 
governor (1653), 40, 143; permits Radisson and Grroseilliers to 



86 JESUIT RELA TIONS [LaiiMil 

Lauson (continued) — 
make explorations (1654), 4 J, 219; colonizing plans, 41, 39, 133, 
43, 131; harangues Onondagas, 41, 63; provisions for, 211; sends 
garrison to Onondaga, 49, 257; Iroquois given to, 44, 213; resigns 
governorship (1656), 43, 323; leaves son in charge, 323; returns 
to France (1656), 323; term. as governor (1651-56), 6, 325, 71, 116; 
death of his child, 46, 211; controversy regarding marriage, 33, 
328, 3 J, 313, 43, 323; long term of service for New France, 46, 
211; death (1666), 6, 325; sketch, 325; character, 325. Writings — 
document authorizing Quebec Jesuits to fortify house, 71, 230. 
Concession des Terres^ 41, 16, 245-247, 253, 71, 192. 

Lauson, Jean de, ^/x; marriage, 6, 325, 36, 147, 248-249, 37, 264, 
71» 370; grand seneschal of New France, 36, 145, 248-249, 41, 247, 
258; office created for, 36, 248-249; dines with Jesuits, 145; at 
Three Rivers, 37, 93, 115; child bom to, 115; attends church 
services, 43, 31; slain by Iroquois (1661), 36, 249, 46, 179, 211-215, 
47» 107; daughters become nuns, 36, 249; marriage of widow, 
48, 296; sketch, 36, 248-249, 46, 215. 

Lauson, Louis de, sieur de la Citière (Sitiere), son of Jean, /^r^ .' 
dines with Jesuits, 36, 145 ; canoe upsets, 95 ; marriage and death, 
249; marriage of widow, 45, 270; sketch, 36, 249. 

Lauson, Marie de, becomes a nun, 37, 265. 

Lauzon (Lauson), Pierre (Jean) de, Jesuit, 71, 133 ; voyage across 
Atlantic, 68, 227-229; arrives in Canada (1716), 67, 335, 68, 229; 
at Sault St. Louis, 67, 77-81, 335, 68, 231, 269, 69. 41, 45-47; with- 
drawn from Sault St. Louis, 67, 73, 79 ; Julien Gamier writes to 
(1721), 13-14, 67-71, 328, 71, 213; superior of Canadian missions 
(1732-39), 67, 335, 68, 237, 249; sends Aulneau to western tribes, 
237, 249; attempts to resign office, 281; Aulneau sends respects 
to, 305; at Quebec, 69, 57; death (1742). 67, 335; sketch, 335, 71, 

125, 165. 
Lauverjat (Lauverjeat), Etienne (Stephen), Jesuit, 71, 133 ; arrives 

in Canada (1711), 66, 345; at Abenaki missions, i, 15, 66, 205-207, 

345. 69» 79; at Quebec college (1756), 70, 83; death (1761), 7*. 163, 

399; sketch, 66, 345» 7", 163. 
Lauzier (Lozier), Guillaume, Jesuit brother, 71, 133; sketch, 148. 
La Vacherie (cattle-pen): name given to Point aux Lièvres, j8, 317; 

Jesuits' cattle-pen located at, 317; wood felled on lands of, 201; 

increase in lands of, promised, 209 ; additional lands at, granted 

Jesuits, 217-219. 
La Val, Anne de, sponsor in baptism* a, 161. 
Laval, Antoine, Jesuit: sketch, 7a, 18-19. 
Laval de Montmorency, Mgr. Fr^içoisde, first bishop of New France, 

16, 258, 45, 57. 71. 109, 119, 131, 139, 271, 46» "3. 183-187, 47. 



Lavmq INDEX 87 

i6i, 253, 255, 275, 283. 307-3"» 320, 49. 203, 50. 109, 147. 153. 
1B5, 197» 217, 5i. 109, 267, 5a, 19, 25, 27, 97. 245, 253, 257, 53, III. 
113, 131, 303, 55, 25, 27, 55. 281, 56, 95, 159. 279, 57. 135. 60, 107, 
129, 193. 61, 27, 199, 63. 155. 267; early life in France, 45, 269; 
appointed bishop, 269 — Jesuits' choice, 43, 322, 45, 269; 
titles, 21, 2$, 269; arrives in Canada, (1659) 15, 247, 37, 266, 45, 
31, 35. 47. 99, 269, (1663) 47, 309; interest in, and zeal for mis- 
sions, 34, 310, 45,47-49» 270, 46, 77-79. 291, 51, 83, 53. 95, 55, 237; 
thanks Jesuits for training, 45, 21-25; praises Jesuit missions in 
New France, 23; baptizes and confirms Indians, 37-39, 73, 107, 
46, 31, 53. 53-55, 54, «73, 277, 60, 147, 61, 23. 63, 155, 189; gives 
feast to Indians, 45, 41, 99; Indians desire his blessing, 45 ; recep- 
tion at Quebec, 99 ; quarrels with governors, iii, 121, 125, 149, 165, 
46, 159-161, 167, 177, 302, 48, 239; assumes authority over Quey- 
lus, 45, 113; contributes to nun's dower, 117; \dsitations, 133, 161. 
165, 48, 233. 49, 173-177, 50. 189, 51, 149, 273-281, 5a, 45-47. 221, 
59, 269-285, 60, 30Q, 6j, 115. 127, 63, 127-129, 189-191; attitude 
toward liquor traffic, 45, 270. 46. 103-105 ; gp-ants and purchases of 
land, 5, 291, II, 278. 37, 265-266; pronotmces sentence against 
heretic, 46. 165; disputes with Queylus, 304; lodges with Jesuits, 
47» 273; returns to France (1662), 285; confers powers on Jesuits, 
56, 303, 65. 53; supports De Mézy for governor (1663), 47, 316; 
chooses members of council (1663), 317; Dudouyt, grand vicar of, 
319; founds Quebec Seminary (1663), I, 17, 45, 269, 48, 296, 50, 
175. 5". 87. 177; excluded from council (1664), 48, 239; forms 
Confraternity of the Holy Family at Quebec (1664), 54, 289, 57, 
317; encourages Ménard, 48. 259; Huron name for, 49, 89; Cayu- 
gas bring presents to, 149; receives Tracy (1665), 225; designs 
concerning education. 50, 323; establishes Petit Séminaire (1668), 
45, 269, 5a, 47, 261; attends funeral, 51, 149; places Indians in 
seminary, 173, 5J, 261; sends Sulpitians to Iroquois, 51, 177, 257, 
290; Indians at Tadoussac salute, 277; institutes festival of St. 
Francis Xavier, 53, 151; absent from Canada, 55, 237; created 
bishop of Quebec (1674), 45, 269; simplicity, 59, 269, 273; Jesuits 
pay respects to, 269; builds residence at Quebec (1676). 60, 139; 
trains clergy, 139; donates property to seminary (1680), 4a, 300, 
45, 269; in Quebec Assembly (1682), 6j, 157; orders collection for 
hospital, 63, 73; orders report of Sillery mission, 123, 135; resigns 
bishopric (1685), 45, 269; chooses St. Vallier as successor, 269, 63, 
301, 65, 261; in France (1685-88), 45, 269; returns to Canada 
(1688), 269; deceived in St. Vallier, 64, 99; uses influence for 
Pinet, 278; assists in management of bishopric. 45, 269-270; Gra- 
vier writes to (1697-98), 65. 13, 53-63,256,71, 202; Gravier requests 
influence of, 65, 55 ; presents ciborium to Illinois mission, 55- 



88 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Uival 

Lavfd (continued) — 
57 ; day of consecration, 55 ; fiftieth anniversary of priesthood and 
consecration, 57; takes refuge with Jesuits (1705), 45, 270; death 
(1708), 270; character, 48, 259; contrasted with Dosquet, 68, 331; 
biography, 45, 269-270, 71, 335; portrait, 45, frontispiece, 71, 209- 
210. Letters, (1659) 45, 9, 21-25, 263, 71, 193, (1668; in RêL 1667- 
68) 5J, 9-10, 43-51, 71. 196. 

Laval, Girard, derk on vessel: drowned, 35, 55, 291. 

Lavalette (La Valette), Antoine de, Jesuit: procurator-general in 
Caribbee Islands, 70, 314; commercial enterprises, 314; in France 
(1753-55)1 314; bankruptcy, 314, 71, 166; Jesuits ordered to pay 
his debts, 70, 314; expelled from order (1762), 314. 

LaValtrie, François Margane (Morgan) de, sieur de Vincennes: 
founder and commandant of Vincennes, 70, 235 ; burned at stake, 
316; sketch, 316. 

Laveaux, J. C. : Diet, dis difficultés^ 71, 352. 

La Vallée, de, sponsor in baptism, 34, 117. 

La Vente (Vante), Henri Roulleaux de, secular priest: parish priest 
at Mobile (1704), 66, 342 ; unpopular, 131-133, 342 ; retracts calum- 
nies against Bienville, 129; hostile to Jesuits, 129, 141; desires to 
go to Prance, 139-141 ; character, 141 ; returns to France (i 710), 342. 

Laverdière, abbé C. H., editor: edits Quebec edition of Relations 
(1858), I, 43. M. 311 \ Journal dss /ésuitis (l%^l), 1,43, 37, 308, 
4a, 292, 7a, 9; Cat, des Bitnfaictêurs, 4a, 292-293. Cited, 5, 
288, 289, 291. 293, 296. 10, 322, la, 269, 15, 247. 18, 260, ai, 319, sj. 
317, »7, 311, 313, 36, 248, 41. 258, 4a, 298-301, 45, 271, 47, 319. 
Ckampiain {(&L 1870), j## Champlain: F^^a^/j(Laverdière'sed.). 

La Verdure, a sailor: deserts, 38, 171. 

La Vérendrye (Verandrie), Pierre Gautier, sieur de, French-Cana- 
dian explorer: Canadian officer, 68, 334; marriage (1712), 334; 
trading posts and forts, 283, 331, 334; commandant of Northwest 
(1726-43), 334; Maurepas sends out expedition of (1738), 67, 343; 
Jesuits with, 68, 331, 69, 289-290; La Jemerais with, 335; discov- 
ers pale-faced Indians, 39; opens trade with Indians, 68, 334 — 
refuses to sell them brandy, 297; son discovers Rocky Mts. (1742- 
43), 334; neglected by French government, 334; surrenders com- 
mandancy (1744), 334, 69, 290; restored to office (1748), 334; promo- 
tion to captaincy, 334; explorations, 334, 71, 303; death (1749), ^i 
334; sketch, 334-335- Découvert (Margry's éd.), cited, 68, 334- 

335. 71. 354. 
La Vérendrye (Vérenderie), fils. See Gautier, Pierre, fils. 

La Vigne, 43, 73, 323. See Levasseur. 

Lavigne, 36, 125. See Tessier, U. 

La Ville Angevin, — ^— de: theological lecturer and canon in 



Leather] INDEX 



Quebec cathedral, 69, 237; banished from bishopric, 237; Jesuits 
receive, 237. 

La Violette, , Champlain's lieutenant: erects stockade at 

Three Rivers, 4, 261. 

La Violette, , executed, 46, 187. 

La Visitation, chapel on Orleans Island: blessed, 38, 179. 

La Visitation, Antoinette (Du Tertre) de. Hospital nun, 45, 87. 

Law (Laws), John, Scotch adventurer: banker at Paris, 67, 340; 
founds Western Company (later changed to Company of Indies), 
339-340, 68, 325; grant on Arkansas River, 67, 259, 340; directors 
of, make presents to Indians, 253 ; Germans engaged by, 259, 287, 
340; " Mississippi Scheme," 259, 339-340; flees from Prance, 340; 
death (1739), 340. 

Law, John: Colon, Hist, Vituénnes, 71, 321. 

Law: of Alluvions, 4, 109, 254; intertribal, 31, 87; natural, 5a, 125; 
old Prench, restored by Quebec Act, 71, 392 ; works on, 306-307, 
354'355- See also Alluvions, Judges. Justice, aiul Lawyers. 

Lawson, George: '* Plora N. America," 71, 347. 

Lawson, Publius V., antiquarian: cited, 54, 308, 55, 321, 58, 297. 
'* Outagamie Village," 71, 288. 

Lawyers, in Canada, 71, 310. 

Lay brethren. See Jesuits. 

Laxare, Masoouten convert: baptised, 58, 35. 

Lazarus, Cajruga convert: baptized, 43, 31 1-3 13. 

Lazarus, story of, told to Indians, 34, 117, 68, 301. 

Lead: mined by Jesuits, i, 33-34; in barter, 34. Mines — in Aca- 
dia, 3, 296; in Canada, 8, 289, 63, 289; near Lake Superior, 45, 219; 
in Illinois country, 69, 223; in upper Mississippi valley, 70, 316. 
As ammunition — Indians use, ai, 37, 35, 47, 6a, 159; provided 
to htmters, 56, 161 ; English cease to sell, to Abenakis, 67, 109. 
Asj presents, 43, 171, 44, los. 129, 65, I2X, 67, 59; red oxide of, 
49> 277; white, 277; red, used to adulterate vermilion, 66, 135; 
buried with chief, 67, 157; as offering to manitou, 159; plates, 
buried by Céloron , 69, 165, 169, 177, 183, 296-299; inscription on, 
298; sold at Detroit mission, 70, 35; pig, prices at Detroit mis- 
sion, 39; mining, history, 71, 321-323. Sei also Barter. 

League: of prayer for Canadian mission, 14, 288; formed by Indian 
tribes against Sioux, 55, 171; of Iroquois, 71, 293-294 (see also 
Iroquois: league). 

Leases, terms of, at Detroit mission: for forge, 69, 241-245, 267, 70, 
33. 47-^; for farm, 69, 253-255, 267-269, 70. 31-33, 51-55, 67-71, 

Leather: Indian method of dressing, 3, 75, 7, 17; lace, 3, 75; painted 
75 ; material for garments and shoes, 75 ; manufacture of, planned, 
in Canada, 51, 173; seal-oil used in making, 68, 83, 89. Ses also 
Fur trade. Pelts, Beaver skins. Bears: skins; and Sealskins. 



1 



»0 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Le BalUear 



Le Bailleur, , Rouen sailor: La Saussaye's pilot, a, 255; 

escapes from English, 259-261, 4, 15, 23; Huguenot, a, 259; 

friendly to Jesuits, 259, 4, 15; reconnoiters, a, 261, 3, 279; aids 

French, a, 263, 310; rejoins French, 4, 25. 
Le Baillif (Le Bailly), , clerk: gives negro to Mme. Hébert, 

5, 197 ; bad character, 287 ; sketch, 287. 
Le Baillif, George, Récollet: envoy to king from habitants (1621), 5, 

288. 
Le Bansais (Bançais), Jesuit, 71, 133; arrives in Canada (1745), 175; 

in Quebec college, (1749) 69. 75, (1756) 70, 81 ; officiates in Quebec 

cathedral, 71, 400; death (179-), 175; sketch, 70, 81, 71. 175. 

Le Barbier, , takes Iroquois prisoner, 43, 69. 

Le Baril, Miami chief: location of his village, 69, 183; Seneca with, 

187. 

Le Baron, , goes to Huronia, 7, 219. 

Le Barroys (Baroys), Mille Claude, royal councilor: agent for Com- 
pany of West Indies, 50, 189, 324, 69, 307; demands by, 50, 324. 

Le Beau, , dealings with Detroit mission, 70, 59, 63. 

Le Beau, Catherine, sponsor in baptism, 70, 73. 
Le Beau, François, baptism of children, 70, 73-75. 
Le Beau, Jean René: L Sponsor in baptism, 70, 75. II. Bap- 
tism. 75. 
Le Beau, Joseph, sponsor in baptism, 70, 75. 
Le Beau, Marie Joseph, baptism, 70, 73. 
Le Beau, S C. : Amer. Septent., 71, 254. 
Le Ber, Jacques, Montreal merchant: marriage, 47, 318; owns boat, 

289, 50, 191; arrested for sedition, 47, 289; at Quebec, 50, 189; 

sketch, 47, 318. 
Le Ber, Jeanne, daughter of Jacques: famous for asceticism, 47, 

318. 
Le Ber, Marie, fief given to, 43, 323. 
Le Berger, appellation of Iroquois captive: brings Frenchman 

home, 33, 105. 
Le Bey (Le Bé), , serves as subdeacon, 43, 259; chaplain at 

Hôtel-Dieu, Quebec, 297. 
Le Blanc, Augustin (Aug^te), Jesuit, 71, 133; sketch, 159. 
Le Blanc, Claude, French minister of war: owns concession of Terre 

Blanche, 67, 317, 68, 327. 
Le Blanc, Jean: fights with hospital employe, a8, 167; punishment, 

i67;;death, 47, 287, 291. 
Leblond, Sébastien, Jesuit brother, 71, 133; sketch, 156. 
Le Boesme (Boeme, Boeme, Boème, Boësme, Boheme), Louis 

(Louys, "little Louis"), Jesuit brother, 71, 133; in Canada, 399; 

takes part in procession, 3a, 91 ; goes to Hurons (1648), 97; returns 



Le Caroo] INDEX 91 

to Prance, (1650) 35, 53. (1658) 44, 107; takes first vows in France, 
71, 149, 399; withOttawas, 4a, 225, 51, 261; wounded by Iroquois, 
43, 263 ; goes to Iroquois country, 44, 71 ; arrives in Canada for 
third time (1663), 47, 309; at Rivière de l'Assomption, 50, 211-213; 
with Allouez, 213; in Illinois country, 63, 21s; death (1709), 71, 
149; sketch, 149, 399. 

Le Borgne ('* the One-eyed"), French appellation of several chiefs 
of the Island Algonkins (Islanders), 41, 256; sketches of chiefs thus 
named, 8, 296-297. I. (Besouat, Tesouat, Tessouat), Champlain 
visits, 8, 296. II. Character, 8, 296; spreads false reports, 103, 296; 
seeks alliance with Hurons against Iroquois (1635), 296; death 
(1635), 296, 9, 271, 275. III. (Andesson, Ondesson, Paul Tes»- 
wehas), boastfulness and arrogance, 8, 296, 10, 77, 30, i5S-i57f 291; 
eloquence, 167; threatens Buteux, 263-265; crafty, 265; complains 
of De Quen, 291 ; hostile to French, 34, 191-193 ; attitude toward 
Christianity, 219; at Montreal, 233, 237-239; baptism and piety, 
8, 296, 34, 219, 235-249, 253, 257; married, 235; arquebus given 
to, 237; harangues Algonkins, 241; land given to, 241; thanks 
Maisonneuve, 259; confers with Maisonneuve, 261-263; action 
toward apostates, 35, 271. IV. (Ondesson, Paul Tesouëhat, Tes- 
wëhat), Oneidas defeat, 38, 225; harangues council, 8, 296-297, 
38, 297-301 ; at Montreal, 39, 145 ; ambushed by Iroquois, 149, 229 ; 
his nephew, 31, 290; reproved by convert, 33, 53; eloquence, 8, 
297, 41, 179; arrogance, 8, 297, 41, 179; illness, conversion, and 
death, 8, 297, 41, 1 79-181. 

Le Boullenger (Boulanger, Boullanger), Jean Antoine (Jean-Bap- 
tiste), Jesuit, 71, 133; Christian name, 399; term of service in 
America, 68, 330, 71, 165 (different accounts); in Illinois mission, 
68, 213, 330, 71, 165; translates catechism into Illinois, 68, 211; 
death, 71, 165; sketch, 68, 330, 71, 165. 

Le Brochet (*' the Pike"), an Ottawa: maltreats Ménard, 48, 117. 

Le Brun, François, Jesuit, 71, 133 ; sketch, 162. 

Le Camus, Catherine, marriage, 36, 246. 

Le Caron, Joseph. Récollet: curives in Canada, (1615) i, 7, 4, 262, 
(161 7) 262, (1626) 263; at Three Rivers, 262; founds Huron mis- 
sion (161 5), I, 7, 23, 4, 262, 265, 39, 265; visits Petuns and neigh- 
boring tribes, 4, 262 ; hardships among Indians, 262 ; at conference 
in Quebec, 262 ; returns to France, (1616) 262,(1625) 171-173, 263, 
(1629) 263; superior, 262-263; performs first marriage in Canada 
(1617), 3, 308; with Montagnais, 4, 262; at Quebec (1619-22), 262; 
friendly to Jesuits, 227; returns to Hurons (1623), 261, 262; helps 
secure treaty of peace, 262 ; appointed procurator in France, 263 ; 
death (1632), 263; influence at court, 263; his nephew, 44, 322; 
sketch, 4, 262-263. Letters, and memoirs, cited, 4, 263; said to 
have prepared Huron dictionary, 263; MSS. burned (1631), 263. 



92 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Le 

Le Castor, 71, 133. See L'Argilior. 

Le Charbon, Algonkin chief, aó, 301 ; hostile to French, 303. 5r# 
also Agwachimagan. 

Le Charbon, French appellation of Awessenipin (q.v.), aa. 263. 

Le Chesnee, 37, 117. See La Chenaye, G. 

Le Chevalier. See Noland, Pierre. 

Le Ciel bleu (" Blue Sky "), hostile Iroquois, 45, 97. 

Ledaire, Alphonse, editor, 71, 331. 

Ledere, Ch., catalogue cited, 3, a88, 7, 307, 11, 374, 34, 243t 3^1 290, 
4a, 291. BibL Amer,, cited, i, 299, 3, 388, 71, 222. 

Le Clerc, Nicolas, Jesuit brother, 71, 133; procurator's assistant at 
Quebec college, 69, 77 ; sketch, 71, 163. 

Le Clerc, Pierre, gifts to Quebec parish church, 4a, 283. 

Le Qercq, Chrestien (Christian), Récollet: missionary in Gaspé (1675- 
^7)» 3> 300, 34, 310, 63, 71, 300; returns to Prance (1681 and 1690), 
300; returns to Canada (1683), 300; invents hierogl3rphic writ- 
log» 3» 300; describes medicine-bag, 33, 317-318; superior of order 
in France, 63, 300; sketch, 300. Writings — Rei. Gaspesie, cited, 

3> 300, 6, 328, 33, 317-31«. <^4, 278, 6«, 325, 71. 254. -fi^tf^- de la 

/oy{eà. 1691), 71, 254; (Shea's translation, 1881), cited, 3, 306, 4, 

361, 263, 267, 5, 281-383, 287, 288, 8, 304, 53, 261, 53, 303, 63, 272, 

63, 300. 7". 254-255. 

Le Clercq, Mazimus, Récollet: in Canadian missions, 63, 272. 

Le Cointre, Anne, 16, 255. See St. Bernard, Anne de. 

Le Coq, Robert, dit le Bon (" the Grood"), Jesuit donné: in Huron 
missions (1634-49), 8, 89, 19, 269; sickness and suffering 95- 
115; charity to sick Indian, 107; cured at Ste. Marie, iii; dona- 
tion (1639), 31, 305-307; winters at Sillery (1649-50), 19, 269, 349 
65 ; at Three Rivers, 35, 41 ; with Bressani, 45 ; slain by Iroquois 
(1650), 19, 269, 35. 53. 4^. 263. 297; sketch, 19, 269. 

Le Cousturier, Hugues, captured by Iroquois, 38, 175. 

Le Croche, Thomas, dealings with Detroit mission, 69, 247. 

Le Crapaud. See Oumastikoueian. 

Le Crochet (" the Hook "), a Mohawk, leader of envoys, 38, 315. 

Ledesma, Jacques: Christian Doctrine, translated into Montagnais, 
4, 366. 

Ledet, Anne, marriage, 36, 246. 

Le Duc, François, dit Persil: mass said for, 70, 65; sketch, 309. 

Leduc, Jean, marriage, 70, 308. 

Le Duc, Marie {née Descary): dealings with Detroit mission, 70, 43; 
xnaniage, 308. 

Lee, Frederick G. (éd.): Gloss, Uiurg, and Eccles, Terms, dted, 

3» 298, 71. 352. 
L'Écossais, 33, 312. See Martin, A. 



Le Qantear] INDEX M 

L'Ecureux, , Parisian publisher, i, 125. 

Le Patilconier (Paulconnier, Paucooier), Nicolas, Jesuit brother, 71, 

133; arrives in Canada (1647). 30, 183, 71, 146; renews vows, 30, 

aoi ; in charge of mason work at Jesuit college, 33, 81 ; in religious 

procession, 89, loi; makes final vows (1657), 43, 59; returns to 

Prance (1658), 30, 305, 44, 107; sketch, 71, 146. 
Le Pebvre, Nicolas, Jesuit, 71, 133; arrives in Louisiana (1748), 

176, 7a, 19; with Cha'htas, 69, 79; sketch, 70, 89. 71, 176. 
Le Pebvre (Lefebvre), Pierre: captured by Iroquois, 3a, 95 ; Iroquois 

send, to Quebec, 105 ; marriage, 312 ; land granted to, 312. 
Le Per. See Graristatsia. 

Le Pevre, Prench ship-captain: at Isle Percée, 30, 181, 45, 159. 
Le Pranc, Marie (Marin) Louis, Jesuit, 71, 133 ; arrives in Canada 

(1748), 177; in Quebec college, 69, 75; with Ottawas, 70, 87; 

sketch, 87, 71, 177. 
Le Gagneur (Gangneur), , ship-owner and captain: at Quebec, 

43. 55. 45, 157. 285, 49. 161 ; ship of, sails, 44, 107, 45. 107, 159. 

305, 48, 237- 
Le Gardeur, Catherine (Caterine) : I. Mother of Pierre (née Cordé) — 

arrives in Canada (1636), 8, 308 ; at funeral of convert, 9, 65. II. 

Daughter of Pierre — marriage, 35, 291; gifts to, 36, 113. III. 

Marriage. 49. »75- 
Le Gardeur, Charles: I. Son of Pierre — gifts to, 4a, 279. II. 

Grandson of Pierre — marriage, 69, 294. 
Le Gardeur, Charles, sieur de Tilly, lnx>ther of Pierre: arrives in 
Canada (1636), J7, 311; commands Montreal vessel, 85; marriage 
(1648), 311, 4a, 300; at Quebec, 3a, 103; governor of Three 
Rivers (1648-49), 35, 289; in religious procession, 47; in Tadoussac 
Company (1650), 9, 305. J7. 3". 35. 57; returns to Prance, 57, 
289; dines with Jesuits, 36, 14s; appointed deputy (1653), 37, 311, 
38, 183; member of sovereign council, J7, 311, 50, 207; death 
(1695), J7, 311 ; sketch, 311 ; sickness and death of son, 66, 97, 103, 

341. 

Le Gardeur (de Repentigny), Ignace de, son of Pierre: incurs dis- 
pleasure of Jesuits, 46, 163. 

Le Gardeur, Jean Baptiste, grandson of Pierre (Tanguay says son) : 
marriage, 8, 296, 9, 314-, land granted to, 314. 

Le Gardeur, Marguerite, sister of Pierre: marriage, 8, 309. 

Le Gardeur, Marie, daughter of Charles: marriage, 50, 320. 

Le Gardeur, Marie Madeleine, daughter of Pierre: marriage, 9, 305. 

Le Gardeur, Pierre, sieur de Repentigny, 9, 61, 141, 310; arrives in 
Canada (1636), 8, 308-309; brings colonists to Canada, 221, 9, 
143 ; at funeral of convert, 49 ; sponsor in baptism, S9. ^o, 309, 
34, 115; aids sick Indian, 9, 65; provides supplies, 189; visits 



M JESUIT RELA TIONS [Le 

Le Gardetir (continued) — 
Jesuit school, ii, 227; commands fleet of Hundred Associates (1642- 
47)» ^ 309» ^7* 77, 85-87, a8, 235, 30, 189; in charge of Montreal 
supplies (1642), 8, 309; envoy to France (1644), 309, 9, 305; pre- 
sents Indian clothing to king, 37, 8s ; returns from Prance (1646), 
38, 231 ; detains Le Tardif in Prance, 235 ; marriage of daughter 
(1646), 235; sons return to Prance (1646), 239; superseded in com- 
mand of fleet, 8, 309; lands granted to (1647), 309; gifts to Quebec 
parish church (1648), 43, 277; death (1648), 8, 309, 3a, 133; sketch, 
8, 309. Se0 also Repentigny. 

Le Gardeur de Repentigny, Mme. Pierre (née Marie Pavery), 9, 61, 
65; sponsor in baptism, 14, 161; washes feet of poor, 19, 23; Jesuit 
visits, a8, 145 ; in Paris, 34, 57 ; takes part in procession, 35, 45 ; 
gift to, 36, 113; gifts to Quebec parish church, 43, 277-281. 

Le Gardeur, René, sieur de Tilly, father of Pierre, 8, 308. 

Le Gardeur de St. Pierre, Jacques: expedition to Rocky Mountains, 
69, 298; biography, 71, 337. Voyage, 71, 225. 

Le Gardeur family, 63, 274; Norman family, 8, 308; related to other 
Canadian families, 308. 

Legendre, Lucas, one of Company of Associates, 4, 257. 

Legendre, Napoléon, Canadian writer: " Race française," 71, 297. 
" Quebec et langue française," 71, 307. ** Prontenac," 71, 335. 

Legends: Castor and Pollux, 6, 1 61-163; Pandora, 8, 328; Jack and 
the beanstalk, 13, 270; of Osiris and other heroes, genesis, 269; 
frozen words, 41, 189. See also Indians: mythology, folk-lore, and 
religion. 

Léger, , French boy, scullion : enters service of Jesuits, 38, 

227 ; with Hurons, 33, 93. 

Leggings: Indian method of making, 7, is; material, 66, 231; 
Jesuits wear, I3, 119; Indians wear, 13, 251, 17, 205, 38, 247, 40, 
139. .43. 267, 65, 231, 67, 135; ornamentation of , 17, 165-167, 68, 
265; as remedy, 17, i8s. 

Legionville, 69, 297, 298. See Logstown. 

Legler, Henry E. : Henry de Toniy, cited, 63, 305, 71, 335. 

Le Gouès, Catherine Charlotte, marriage, 71, 396. 

Legros. Pierre, dit Pontarabie, French soldier: at Quebec, 35, 41; 
accompanies Buteux, 37, 97, 141 ; slain by Iroquois, 35, 289, 37, 
99. 143, 38, 49- 

Le Guay, Madeleine, marriage, 69, 293. 

Leguminosa^ botanical order, 64, 280. 

Le Halle, Joseph, Jesuit: aid from, acknowledged, 4, 4; note by, 51, 
290. 

Leigh, Charles, sixteenth century traveler: cited, 4, 270. 

Leisler, Jacob, a Hollander: usurps New York government, 64, 277. 



Le Jeniie] INDEX 95 

Lb Jsunb (June), Paul, Jesuit, 6, 326, 7, 311, 8, 65, 69, 195, 197, 205, 
ao7, 283-287, 305, 310» 9, 63, m, 245. 303, 307» 3"» ■<>, 7» ", 3i. 
175, 189, iQi» 235. 271-274, 276. IJ, 95, 233. 267. J4, 41. a8, 315, 30, 
191, 3J, 89, 93. 97. 33. 53. 37. '53. 39. io5. 4«. «57. 4^, 298. 43. 25. 
89. 320. 7i. 133- Bom of Hugfuenot parents, 5, 375 ; becomes Cath- 
olic, 275; departs for Canada, 11; voyage to Canada, 11-17; 
arrives in Canada, (1632) i, 9, 5, 17-21, 275, 39, 265, (1643 or 1644) 
a6, 139; intercedes for captives, 5, 27, 45-47; narrowly escapes 
drowning, 67-71; urges colonization of Canada, 7, 243-245, 8, 9-15; 
difficulty in learning Montagnais, i, 9, 7, 31-33, 67, 71, 159; em- 
powered to act as governor, 8, 308 ; justifies trading by Jesuits, 9, 
171-181; letters by, lost, 11, 45; corrects error of printer, 14, 277; 
trustee of documents, 9, 209; escapes from wreck, 19, 61 ; goes to 
France on affairs of colony (1641 or 1642), JO, 119, 302, Ji, 269, 318, 
M. 31. 95. 99. 317. 33. 269, 34, 197; obtains aid against Iroquois, 
ai, 269, J3, 31 ; urges attack upon Iroquois, ai, 271 ; Montagnais 
welcome, 96, 139; Chavigny blames, 37, 93; gifts to, 3a, 67, 34, 
39; final return to France (1649), 5, 275, 34, 61, 37, 77; takes Iro- 
quois captive to France, 36, 29-45 ; Tekwerimat sends fur robe to, 
37. 79; sends robe to Tekwerimat, 38, 67; agent for Hospital nuns, 
41, 237-243; death (1664), 5, 275, 50, 121; invoked, 121; relics of , 
121; character, 5, 275; religious liberality, 11, 139-141; sketch, 5, 
275, 71, 122, 139-140. Voyage to Canada, 71, 236, 241 ; portrait, 5, 
frontispiece, 71, 209; facsimile writing, 41, 242, 71, 211-212. 
Missionary and religious labors : superior of Canadian missions 
(1632-39). 5. 275, 13. 7, 14. "7. "5. 13, 209, 16, 223, JI, 295; wishes to 
render Indians sedentary, 5, 33, 6, 149-151, 8, 57-59, n. 141-147. 191- 
Ï93. i«, 79-81. 163, 169, 227, 14. 127, 135, 207-211, 287, 16, 33. 6i, 18, 
241 ; in French settlements (1632-33), 5, 275 : celebrates first mass at 
Quebec, 43. Instructs French and Indians, 5, 63, 139, 1 87-191, 8, 
227, II, 221, 245-247, la, 139-141; obtains Montagnais teacher, 5, 
109-ZI1; studies Montagnais language, 87, 111-117; asks instruction 
for Indian girls, 145 ; desires to send Indian children to France, 6, 
85-89; opens school for Indian children, 327; desires to educate 
Indian children, 7, 225, 265, 9, 293; founds Quebec college, 310; 
translates catechism, 11, 237; obtains Indian child, 16, 69; sends 
Indian child to France, 255. With Montagnais, 5, 87-91, 275, 6, 149, 
7« 35-209, 33, 327, 39, 105-119; establishes mission at Three Rivers 
(1634), 4, 261, 5, 275; at Three Rivers. 6, 43, 77, 81, 7, 229, 269, 277. 
297. 8, 17, 14, 275. 279-281. 16, 55, ao, 227, J4. 191-195; asks to be 
relieved as superior, 6, 61-63; preaches Champlain's funeral ser- 
mon (1635), 5, 275, 9, 209; persecuted by Carigouan, 305; rebukes 
Montagnais for cruelty, 257-263; harangues Indians, 283, 11, 189- 
191, I J, 249-253; rebukes Indian chief s, 11, 241-243, 14, 131; disputes 



W JES UIT RELA TIONS [Le Mflint 

Ls Jbumb: Missionary and religious labors (continued) — 
with medicine-man» ii, 251-269; belongs to league of prayer, 14, 
288; at Indian council, 15, 229-233; slandered by Indians, 16, 53; 
drives away medicine-man, 55 ; takes Negabamat to hospital, loi- 
103 ; Nicolet informs, of western tribes, 18, 233 ; founds Tadoussac 
mission (1641), 37, 183-185; at Sillery, 30, 309, 38, 239. 3a, 103, 37, 
41 ; opinion regarding donnés, ai, 295 ; Indian requests baptism, ja, 
95; baptises Papinachois, 56, 89; meets Souriquois, 34, 149; Richard 
writes to, 13, 145-155; at Fort Richelieu, 195-197, 209-213, 217; 
regarded as sorcerer, 213; with Algonkins, 289, 45, 43; appointed 
to winter at Montreal (1645), 37, 77; at Montreal (1645), a8, 137, 
217; at Quebec, 217; Lalemant consults with, 225; at wedding 
(1646), 235; writes to Lalemant, 30, 173; returns from Montreal 
(1647), 185; preaches and officiates, 30, 197-199, 203, 3a, 81, 34, 47; 
visits Ursulines, 3a, 89; procurator of missions, 5, 275, 37, 145, 40, 
77, 41, 256, 46, 199; proposed as bishop of Canada, 71; Druillettes 
writes to, 89, 93, 107; Tekwerimat writes to, 37, 77-79, 3®t 65-67; 
J. Lalemant writes to, 47, 301. 

Writings and compilations : composes dictionary, 5, 175; com- 
poses catechism, 187, 11, 237; religious works, 5, 275; writes account 
of Le Beiger's voyage and death, 36, 31 ; compiles sketch of Marie 
de St Joseph, 38, 69, 165; cited, i, 41, a, 306, 5, 281, 287, 8, 289, 
31a. 9» 307. 308. 10, 322, II, 279, la, 272, 277, 15, 247, 16, 255. 17. 
«43» 18, 257, 260, ai, 318, aa. 317, 319, a4. 309. ^. 316, 3«. 309. 
38, 296, 67, 344. Letters — (1634) 6, 1-2, 35-91. 319» 71. 184; 
(1635) 7. 2, 239-245, 305, 71, 184; (1642) 231; {Rei. 1637) la, 4, 
235-267; (1656) 41, 15-16, 237-243, 253, 71, 19a; (1657) 43. 9. 23-25. 
319, 71, 192; {Rei. 1656-57) 43, 12-13, 85-89; {Rei. 1660-61) 46, 16, 
197-199. Relations -^{1632) 5, 1-2, 5-75, 269-270, 71, 183, 216; 
(1633) 5, 2-3, 77-269, 270-273, 6, I, 7-31, 319, 71, 183. 216; ri634) 6, 
2-4, 91-317, 319-324, 7, 1-2, 7-235, 305, 7h 184; (1635) 7, 2-4, 247- 
303, 305-307, 8, 1-3, 9-197, 283, 71. 184; (1636) 8, 3-4. 199-281, 283- 
285, 9. 1-4» 7-303. "O, 1-4, 7-317, 7", 184, 216; (1637) ■", 2-4. 23-269, 
271-274, 13, 1-4, 7-267, 13, 1-4» 7-267, 14. 1-2, 7-111, 281, 71, 184, 
216; (1638) 14, 2-4, 113-279. 281-284, 15. 1-4, 11-145. 239, 71. 185, 
2l6; (1639) 15, 5-7, 203-237. 239-243, "6, 1-5, 9-253, 17, I, 9-215, 239, 
71, 185, 2i6; (1640) 18, 2-7, 47-249, 251-253, 19. i-^, 9-267, 30, 9-11, 
19-85, 301, 9^, 313, 7", 186, 216; (1640-41) ao, 11-16, 107-299, 302-303, 
ai, 9-12, 21-125, 309. M, 313, 71, i86. 216; (1652-53) 40, 79. 83. 89-91, 
119, 123; (1656-57) 43, 12-19, 79-317, 319-320, 44, 9-12. 21-81, 319, 71. 
192, 216; (1660-61) 46, 16-X9, 21-295, 298-299, 47, 9-16, 23-123, 313, 
71, 194, 217. Ten Days' Retreat, 5. 275. 
Le Mairat, Louis, Jesuit vice-provincial : permits issue of Relations, 

34. 77. 



Le Mercier] INDEX 97 

Le Maire (Mere)» F., secular priest, chaplain at Port St Louis: un- 
popularity, 66, 131 ; in Louisiana, 343. 

Le Maire, François: Mim, Louisiane^ 71, 355. 

Le Maistre, , secular priest: at Montreal, 45, m; dines with 

Jesuits, 113; slain by Iroquois, 46, 189, 217-219, 341, 47, 9S1 105; 
character, 46, 217. 

Le Maistre, Simon, Rouen merchant, 5, 34s ; fits out Jesuits' ship, 
3, 361, 5, 393; one of Hundred Associates, 393; member of royal 
council, 393; land granted to, 393; sketch, 393. 

Le Maitre, Pierre Jean, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 133; sketch, 176. 

Le Marchant, Jeanne, 8, 308. See Le Neuf de Hérisson. 

Lemay, L. Pamphile: Queb, Leg. Uà., 71, 333. 

Ls MxRcixa (Mercier), François (Francis) Joseph, Jesuit, 9, 301, 13, 

9, 31. 43, 165, 177, 189-193. 2«I» 223. 247-351, aO, 93, 41, 39, 41, 333, 

339, 349, 250, 4». 297, 43. 31-35. 61-Ó3, 77. 183, 277. 44. 67, 77. 91. 
loi, 45, 167. 46, 163, 171, 183, 47. 391, 49. 161. 191, 303, 50, 339, 
51, 161, 53, 39, 131, 54, 185. 55. 397, 6a, 373, 71, 133. Arrives in 
Canada (1635), 8, 47, 391 ; Huron and Iroquois names, 391, 16, 
239. >7f 243, 43, 357, 397; illness, 13, ici; asks for French work- 
men, 14, 57; signs joint letter, 15, 65; life endangered, ai, x6s- 
167; fortifies Three Rivers, 40, 356, 357; returns to France (1673), 
8, 391 ; death (1690), 391 ; sketch, 390-39X, 71, 133, 141. 
Missionary labors: goes to Huronia, 8, 51, 391; with Hurons 
(1635-49), 291, 9, 247, 10, 57, 15, 301. ao, 93. 33, 43, 60, 397; cares 
for sick, 13, 91; visits Huron villages, 14, 13-15. 23, 33, 39, 105; at 
Huron feast, 91; at Ossossané (La Conception), 8, 391. 14, 109, 
15, III, 141, ao, 95, Ji, 147, 383; visits Brébeuf, 15,91; visits 
Chihwatenhwa*s family, 19, 151, 163, 353; threatened by Indians, 
175; atSte. Marie-on-the-Wye (1644), 8, 391, a6, 301; officiates and 
preaches, 35, 6x, 36, 115, 129; at Quebec, 37, 95; visits Three Rivers 
(1653), U5; superior (1653-5B. 1665-70), 8, 391, 3«. 183. 294. 4». 249. 
255. 43, 27, 49, 163, 51. 151. 283, 54, 79, 137; receives Onondaga 
envoys, 41, 31; at council (1654), 31-33; Si^ts to Quebec parish 
church, 4 J, 379, 385-287; appoints Lalemant vice-superior (1656), 
349; connection with Onondaga mission (1656-57), I, 39, 8, 391, 
4a, 315, 357, 43, 49-51, 135, 147, 161; harangues Mohawks, 165; 
returns to Quebec, 8, 291; at Côte de Beaupré (1659), 391, 45, 
119, 135, 133, 151, 155; Laval appoints, as vicar (1660), 8, 391, 
45, 165; at Three Rivers, 47, 253; asks for aid in missions, 49, 
189-191; missionaries write to, 53, 59~93, 261-299, 54, 79-123, 
169-195, 197-341; teaches Huron language to Chauchetière( 1673), 63, 
149; superior at Martinique (1673), 8, 391. 

Writings and compilations: cited, 34, 353. Letters— (J?^/. 
Ï653-54) 41, 37-41; {Copie de deux lettres^ 1655) 14-15. 219-339, 



98 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Le Mercier 



Lk Mercikr : Writings and compilations (continued) — 
71, 191-192, 216; (^^/.1656-57)43,320,44, lo-ii, 53-67; {Rei, 1664- 
65) 49, 189-191; {ReL 1665-66) 50, 99-101; (Rei. 1666-67) 227-229; 
(Rei. 1667-68) 51, 159-161; {Rei, 1669-70) 53, 25-29; cited, 54, 113. 
Journal des Jésuites — {itsi) 38.11-13,189-201,295, 71, 191; (1654- 
56) 4«. 249; (1665) 49, 11-12. 163-181, 274, 71. 195; (1666-67) 50, 
13-16, 181-219, 7". 195; (1668) 51, 13-14, 145-151, 290, 71. 195. 
Relations — UviTOTì, (1637) li, 272, 13, vii, 1-4, 5-267, 14, vii, 1-2, 
5-11, 281. 71, 184-185; (1638) 15, vii, 1-4, 9-141, 239. 7", 1S5. For 
entire mission, (1652-53) 40, 7, 9-12, 75-251, 253-254, 71, 191, 216; 
(1653-54) 41, 7. 9-14. 25-203, 24^250. 71, 191, 216; (1664-65) 49, 7. 13- 
14. 183-267. 269-271, 50. 7. 9-10, 21-91, 313, 7«, 195. 217; (1665-66) 
50, 7, 10-12, 93. 163, 313-314, 7«, 195, 217; (1666-67) 50, 7, 16-18, 
221-311, 315-317, 5>, 7, 9-12, 21-115, 281, 71, 195, 217; (1667-68) 51, 
7, 14-18, 153-281, 283-287, 5J, 7. 9-11. 19-109, 259, 7", 195-196. 217; 
(1668-69) 5J, 7, "-16, 111-257, 259, 71, 196, 217; (1669-70) 53, 7. 
9-17, 19-299, 301-302, 54, 7, 9-16, 21-243, 303, 7«, 196, 217. 
Le Mercier, Jean, witb Hurons, 38, 229. 

Lemery, : Pharmacopée universelle, cited, 51, 290. 

Le Mire, , rendezvous at house of, 47, 277. 

Lemire, Anne, marriage, 71, 380. 
Lemire, Marie, marriage, 59, 315. 
Lemire, Marie Anne, marriage, 67, 334. 

Le Moine, Jacques M. : "Arch, du Canada,*' 71, 224. "Amer. 
aborig.,*' 71, 280. ** Population de Quebec,'* 71, 307. *' Haldi- 
mand à Quebec," 71, 307. ** Materials for Canadian history," 71, 
307. " French rule at Quebec," 71, 307. Fortifications et rues de 
Quebec, 71, 307- ^^^^ George, 71, 307. 
Lemon: Huron name for, 15, 69; peel, used as remedy, 69 — as pres- 
ent, 30, 153- 
Le Moyne, , Frenchman with Jesuits: killed at St. Sauveur, 

3, 283. 

Le Moyne, , ship-captain, 48, 239. 

Lemoyne (Lemoine), Charles, first sieur de Longueuil: arrives in 
;;];[ Canada (ra. 1641), J7, 312; serves Jesuits among Hurons (1641-45), 
91, 312; at Three Rivers, 91; settles at Montreal (ra. 1646), 312; 
interpreter and captain of militia, 312; land granted to, 312; at 
Quebec, 37, 95, 265; negotiates peace with Iroquois (1653), J7, 312; 
captured by Iroquois (1655), 312; retiuns from Iroquois, 312, 49, 
177-179, 276, 50, 127; marriage (1654), J7, 312, 37, 266; marriage 
of sister, 47, 318; goes to Iroquois country, 49, 179; ennobled 
(1668), 37, 312; expert canoeman, 58, 117; at Quebec assembly 
(1682), 6j, 157; death (1683), J7, 312; sons of, 8, 312, 37, 312, 59, 
306, 64, 275; marriage of daughter (1699), 279; sketch, 37, 312. 



Le Moyne] INDEX 99 

Le Moyne (Lemoine, Lemoyne), Charles, second sieur de Longneuil, 
grandson of preceding: marriage (1720), 71, 396; commandant at 
Niagara (1726), 396; commandant at Montreal (1747), 396; govern- 
or of Montreal (i749-5S)t 396; governor of New France (ad interim^ 
175a), 117, 396; death (1755), 39^; sketch, 396. 
Le Moyne, David, piety and death, 44, 27. 

Le Moyne (Lemoine), Jacques, sieur de ^te. Hélène {sêê Tanguay), 

son of Charles: marriage (1684), 43, 323, 64, 275; in Hudson Bay 

expedition (1686), 27$; in attack Jon Schenectady, 275; killed at 

Quebec (1690), 275; sketch, 27s. 

Le Moyne, Jean Baptiste, sieur de Bienville, son of Charles. 6>/ 

Bienville. 
Le Moyne, Jeanne, sister of Charles: marriage, 47, 318. 
Le Moyne, Louis, sieur de Châteauguay, son of Charles. See 

ChÂteauguay. 
Le Moyne, Marie Anne, daughter of Charles: marriage, 64, 279. 
Le Moyne, Pierre, sieur d' Iberville, son of Charles. See Iberville. 
Le Moyne, Paul Joseph, chevalier de Longueuil, grandson of Charles, 
first sieur de Longueuil: marriage (1728), 69, 309; commandant at 
Detroit (1743-47), 309; dealings with Detroit mission, 259-261, 271, 
275; dealings of wife with Detroit mission, 271; gives feast to 
Indians, 265; governor of Three Rivers, 309; death (in Fr., 1778), 
309; sketch, 309. 
Lb Moyns (Moine), Simon, Jesuit, 43, 295, 44> 221, 49, 141, 50, 63, 
71, 133; arrives in C^anada (1638), 14, 288; Huron name, 288, 16, 
239. 44,331; Iroquois name. 14, 288, 41. 97» 43. 201, 44. 213, 223; 
abandoned by escort, 14, 271, 15, 153; route to and from Onon- 
daga, 41, 255-256; Frenchmen accompany, 43, 37, 45; friendship 
with Dutch minister, 14, 288; illness and death (1665), 288, 49, 177- 
179. 50, 129; sketch, 14, 288, 71, 143; facsimile writing, 15, 191, 
71, 210. 

Missionary and political labors : member of league of prayer, 
14, 288; goes to Huronia (1638), 271, 275, 288, 16, 239; with Hurons 
(1638-49), I4> 288, ao, 93, Ji, 169, 283. 33, 117, 46, 245; at Cahiagué, 
ao, 21 ; with Arendaronons, 14, 288, ao, 95 ; at Ossossané, 95 ; at St. 
Joseph, a6, 265; at French settlements (1649-53), 14, 288; at Mont- 
real, 38, 179. 45. 163, 47. 253. 307. 48, 233. Envoy to Iroquois, 14, 
288, 45. 95. 99. loi; ^th Iroquois tribes (1653-58. 1661, 1663), I, 
28-30, 8, 299, 14. 288, 41. 87-89, 97. 121-123, 225, 43, 57, 43, 51, 
209-217, 44. 189. 197-199. 46, 155. 237-245, 47. 61, 67, 91^3, 97. 175- 
189, 193-201, 205, 209, 215, 277, 5«. 293. 294, 54, 89, 57, 63; converts 
Iroquois, 41, 39, 181; returns from, 83, 47, 191; harangues. 41, 99- 
101,43,201-203; confers with, 41, 109-113, 4^. 39-41. 43. 39^«; 
plans to winter with, 41, 135; disperses Iroquois, 43, 111-113; Iro- 



100 J ES (7 IT RELA TIONS 

Lb Moynx: Missionary and political labors (continued)— 

quois desire, 189; mediates between Hurons and Iroquois, 205-207; 

influences Iroquois in favor of French, 47, 217. Opens mission at 

Onondaga (1653), 14, 288; goes to Onondaga, 41, 37-39. 89-129» 4*. 

i8x, 47, 205; returns from, 41, 123-129, 199-201; captive at, 201; 

escapes from, i, 29. Confesses captive Hurons, 41, 97, 119, 125-127. 

Goes to lower Iroquois (Mohawks), 4a, 37-49, 43, 55 ; returns from, 

4a, 45-47, 255» AA^ 95-97. Life endangered, 4a, 43; officiates, 259; 

at SiUery, 43, 37, 201; at council, 195-197; comforts Huron chief, 

195-197; letters from, 44, 85; letters to, 105, 47, 83-87; at Quebec, 

44, 109, 121, 45, 199, 48, 233; at Montreal, 44, 225; at Three Rivers, 

45. 79. 105; procures liberty of French captives, i, 30, 47, 67, 201, 

209-211, 287-289; visits New Amsterdam, 14, 288. 

Writings: letters— (^^r/. 1638) 14. 273; (1639) "5, 5. 191-195. 

239. 7«. 185; {Rei. 1657-58) 44, 15-16, 203-205. 217-221; (ReL 1660- 

61) 47, lo-ii, 69-83. Journal des Jésuites (1658), 44, 12-13, "i- 

115. 322, 323, 7>. 192-193- Journal {ReL 1653-54), 4i, 7. 11-12, 91- 

129. 

Lémures. See Larvœ. 

Lenape, name of Delaware tribes (Algonquian) : location, 36, 315; 
mythology and legends, I3, 271. 

Le Neuf de Hérisson, Mathieu, widow, comes to Canada, 8, 308. 

Le Neuf du Hérisson, Michel: arrives in Canada (1636), 35, 290; 
land granted to (1649), 290; flight of his servants, 47; at Quebec, 
38, 171; sketch, 35, 290. 

L»e Neuf family, 8, 308-309, 6a, 274; becomes extinct, 8, 310. S4e 
also La Poterie. 

Le Noblets (Noble*), Michel, French priest, 6a, 173, 275; uses pic- 
tures in mission work, 53, 121 ; missions in Brittany, 261-262 ; death 
(1652), 262; sketch, 261-262. 

Lenox, James, collector of Americana, 4, 250, 37, 310, 45, 266, 55, 
317. 59. 301, 60, 314, 64, 272, 65, 257; founder of Lenox library, 
I, 42; Livres Curieux, list of desiderata, 34, 240; publications, 
36, 234. 239, 41. 251-253, 45, 266, 59, 294, 298, 7a, 9; Shea's letters 
to, cited, 59, 299, 302; cited, 15, 242. See also Libraries: Lenox. 

Lent: observed by Indians, 14, 175, 15, 183, 16, 79-83, 175, 17, 141, 
19. 13. 31. 201, JO, 201 ; regulations of, a8, 165, 30, 165, 45, 135- 
137, A^. 165. 

Lentils, fruit of lentil-tree resembles, 69, 173. 

Lentil-tree: described, 69, 173; identifìed, 297. 

Leo XIII., pope: payment for Jesuit estates 'made to, 71, 393. 

Leopards: species of, in country of Cat Nation, ai, 315; in south, 

47, 143- 
Leopold (Leopole), archduke, commissions privateer, 36, 97. 



Le Smok] index 101 

Leopold Society (Vienna), publishes Micmac prayer-book, 3, 30a 

Lepage, , gives information concerning La Brosse, 71, 57; 

negotiations with bishop, 59. 

Le Page du Prats, : Hist, Louisiane^ 71, 255. 

Le Petit, Joseph, son of Pierre: captured by Iroquois, 40, 955; dies 
in captivity, 143, 256. 

Le Petit, Louis: captain in Carignan regiment, 50, 133, 319; be- 
comes priest (1670), 319; sketch, 319. 

Le Petit, Mathurin, Jesuit, 7>> i33; arrives in Louisiana (1726), 67, 
342, 7a, 19; with Cha'htas, 67, 279, 342, 68, 197; Cha'htas friendly 
to, 195-197; at New Orleans, 67, 342. 68, 311, 69, 31-33; superior 
of Louisiana missions, 67, 342, 68, 311; aids Doutreleau, 183; 
appointed vicar-general, 69, 33; death (1739), ^7i 34^; sketch, 349, 
71, 126, 168. Letters — (1730) 68, 7, 12-16, 121-223, 322, 71, 205; 

(1736) 68, 8. 21, 309-3". 333. 7". »5; (1738) 69, 7, II, 99-33. 279. 
71, 206; cited, 67, 341, 68, 329. 

Le Petit, Pierre, tenant of Jesuits, 40, 255. 

Le Picard, 38, 175. See Garemand, P. 

L*Epinay. See L'Espinay. 

L'Epinay, , governor of Louisiana (1717), 66, 342. 

L'Epine, , slain by Iroquois, 45, 115. 

Le Prédour, Jean Jacques, Jesuit, 71, 133; in Louisiana, 70, 89, 7a, 
19; expelled from mission, 70, 267; sketch, 89, 71, 180. 

Le Ragois, Claude, in De Caen's company, 4, 257. 

Leroles (Lerole), de: Mohawks capture, 50, 193; Mohawks 

return, i97- 

Le Roy (Roi), , Detroit habitant: work done for, 69, 253; deal- 
ings with mission, 259, 70, 49. 61 ; beads sold to Longueuil for, 

69» 359. 
Le Roy, , French captain, 41, 237. 

Le Roy, Jeanne, marriage, 33, 313. 

Le Roy de la Potherie, Claude Charles, biography, 71, 336. 

Le Roy (Leroi), Maximilien, Jesuit, 71, 133; arrives in Louisiana, 
7a, 19; opposes sale of liquor to Indians, 70, 237; takes refuge in 
Mexico, 267, 71, 178; sketch, 70, 89, 71, 178. 

Le Roy de Suede, ai>pellation of a Huron, 44, iii. 

\Axy, , baron de, early coloniser: at Sable Island, i, 4, 3, 295. 

Léry. Gaspard Chaussegros de, engineer: authorship of memoir 
attributed to, 67, 334 ; builds fortifications at Quebec, 69, 233, 303. 

Léry (Leri), Jean de, Calvinist preacher: with Brazilians, 1, 59; his- 
torian, 307. Voyage en Br exil, 71, 255. Navig. in Brasiliam 
(trans, of preceding), cited i, 307. 

Le Sassier, , Jesuits lodge with, 70, 289. 

Le Saux, Yves, Jesuit, 71, 133; sketch, 173. 



iêÈ JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

LiscARBOT (L'Bscarbot), Marc, lawyer and author, i, 300; in parlia- 
meot, 57, a, 189; in Acadia (1606-07), i, 65, 30&-307; ezploreB 
Acadian coast (1607), 307; returns to France (1607), 307; advocates 
colonization, 93; praises Poutrincourt, 307, a, 135-127; unfriendly 
to Jesuits, 1, 30S, 318; advocates agriculture for Indians, a, 139; 
advocates secular policy, 147, 175; his garden, 165; opinion of 
gougou, 301; death (1630), i, 307; disposition, 306; sketch, 306-307. 
Writings and maps : alleged author of Factum^ 3, 299; copies of 

R$L Dern. in America, 33. 309; cited, i, 141, 143, 153, 306, 308, 310, 

311, 316, a, 306, 4, 253, 8. 387, 9. 309. Map of Port Royal. I, 124, 

309, 71, 214; map of Terre Neuve, i, 192, 71, 214. Conv. des Sau^ 

vages^ It XV» 46, 49-113. 299-301, 71, 182, 216. ReL Dern., a, v, 

1-2, 119-191, 289-290, 71, 183, 216; cited, I, 315, 4, 264. Nouv. 

France, cited, i, 61, 67. 97. «99. 30i» 307. 308, 318, J, 133, 135, 139, 

141, 151, 163, 177. £85, 291, 294, 295, 300, 301, 303, 304, 307. 3. «93. 

297-299, 5, 287, 6, 330, la, 271, 71, 214, 255. Muses Nouv. France, 

cited, I, 307. J, 189, 289, 71, 255. 

Les Ebotdements, village on Malbaye River, 69, 85 ; origin of name, 
290; Lauréat, 129. 

Les Écureuils, Que., location, 71, 391. See Belair. 

Lèse-majesté, punished by expatriation, 3, 293. 

L'Espérance, , acts as messenger, 46, 143. 

L'Espérance, , engagé at Detroit mission: dealings with, ép, 

251, 259-263, 271. 

Lesperance, John: Canad. Hist., 71, 298. 

L'Espérance, Joseph, engagé at Detroit mission, 70, 21, 37. 

L'Espérance, Pierre, 70, 21, 29. See Compain, P. 

L'Espinay (Lespiné). See Couillard, afui Hébert. 

L'Espinay (Espine). See Couillard, Guillaume and Louis. 

Lespine, , servant: runs away, 38, 169. 

Les Sables d'Olonne, France, 6a, 167 ; location, 275. 

Lessart (Lessar), Etienne de: at Tadoussac, 30, 181; reported cap- 
tured, 3a, 69; marriage, 30, 305; death, 305; sketch, 305. 

L'Estain, sieur de, a, 159, 161. See Du BouUot, and Arlestain. 

Le Sueur, Jacques François (François Eustache), Jesuit, 71, 133; 
arrives in Canada (1716), 69, 288; service in Canada, 65, 267, 69, 
288-289; studies Abenaki (1716), 288; with Abenakis (1716-27), 288; 
at Montreal (1730, 1749-54), . 77. «88; at Quebec (1755-59). «89; 
visits Abenaki missions, 289; at Quebec college (1756), 70, 81; 
death (1760), 69, 289; sketch, 28^-289, 70, 8x, 71, 165. MSS., 
cited, 65, 267, 69, 289. Compiles Abenaki dictionary, 69, 289. 
Hist, du calumet, 71, 280. 

Le Sueur, Jean, dit St Sauveur, secular priest, 37, 312, a8, 207, 30, 
199. 34. 41; arrives in Canada (1634), 94, 309; sponsor in baptittn, 



iAmmrB] INDEX 103 

II, 103, 34, 117: lands g^nted to, 11, 378, 24, 309; starts for Beau- 
pré, 37, 87; leaves charge at hospital, 89; at Beaupré (1645-46), 
2M* 309; at Coteau Ste. €renevìève, 309; officiates, a8, 177, 30, 

169, 173. I«3. 3^. 77-79. *3. 89, 91, 34* 49» 35. 37, 45, 61, 4a, 359; 
in religious procession, ^, 195, 30, 191, 45, 155; as musician, a8, 
197, 341; at Quebec. 3x9; gifts to, 30. 153, 3«, 67, 35, 3i, 36, 113; 
at church festival, 30, 157; catches fish, 173; dines with Jesuits, 
3a, 81, 87, 35, 59-61, 37, 119; posts notices, 3a, 103; ecclesiastical 
T63!^^ 35, 31; suburb of Quebec named for, 34, 310; sketch, 309- 
310. 

Le Sueur, Pierre Charles, western and southern explorer, 66, 31; 
engages in fur trade, 337-338; with Perrot, 337-338; marriage 
(1790), 338; commandant at Chequamegon (1693), 338; builds forts, 
338; discovers lead mines, 338; voyages to Prance, 338: in Louisi- 
ana (1699), 338; exploring expedition (1700), 338; discovers copper 
mines, 338; at Mobile (1701), 338; quarrels with Gravier, 3$; leads 
Cha'htas against Hatches (1730), 68, 189; sketch, 66, 337-338. 
Journal, 66, 338. Voy. Mississippi, 71, 256. 

Le Tardif, Olivier, interpreter, 5, 347, 9, 131, 11. 171-175. 249, I3, 
337, 329, ao, 189; signs petition to king (1631), 5, 287-388; profi- 
cient in Indian languages, 388; in employ of Hundred Associates, 
288, 14, 259; surrenders keys of Quebec to Kirk (1639), 5, 388; 
returns to Canada (1632), 288; aids Champlain, 303; aids Jesuits, 
337-339. 6, 139, II, 189, 193, 351. 13, 175, Z85, 18, sii; his estote, 8, 
395*-396; sponsor in baptism, 9, 15, 11, 83-85. 113, ao, 309; supports 
and adopts Indian children, 5, 288, 9, 103, ii, 93, 14. 359; marriage 
(1637), 5, 388, la, 375; aids Indians, 11, 113, 145; confers baptism, 
137; aids Montmagny, 187; harangues Indians, 197-199, 353-^55; 
at council, la, 163; manager for Company of New France, aa, 95, 
a3, 379; in Prance (1646), a8, 335; returns to Canada (1646), 235, 
339; S^^>^ ^o Prance (1647), 30. 195; agent for trading company 
(1650), 5, 888; death (1665), 388; sketch. 387-388. 

Le Tellier (Telliet), Pierre (I.), Jesuit brother, 71, 136; arrives in Can- 
ada (1635), 8, 47; at residence of N. D. des Anges, 67. 9, 301; 
teacher in Quebec college (1665, Rochemonteix), 8, 390; sketch, 
71. 140. 

Le Tellier, Pierre (II.), Jesuit brother, 71, 133; arrives in Canada 
(1713 or 1716), 163; teacher at Quebec college, 69, 77, 70, 85; 
sketch, 85, 7>» 163. 

Letters: patent — English possess, a, 33; bishop gives, 56, 159; 
granted to Jesuits by Louis XIII.. 71, 331. Attoched to poles, 31, 
89; franked, 36, 93; sent to Boston, via Gaspé, 93; written on 
birch-bark, 346; sent to France annually from Illinois, 69, 143; 
concealed in time of war, 70, 169 ; of Jesuits, sent via England, 



104 JESUIT RELA TIONS [LettM 

Letters (continued) — 

71, 25; anonymous, 925-226; from missionaries to general, 229; in 
Aulnean collection, 232. Circular (encyclical, obituary) — object 
of writing, 66, 217; sent to LamberviUe, 217; on various mission- 
aries, 45, 117, 50, 323, 66, 217, 71, 226, 22Q-233; of Marie de St 
Augustin, 5a, 57-81, 99. Sts also Indians: relations with whites. 

Lettre du cachet^ recalls Queylus, 16, 257-258. 

Lettres de l^ Église .... à Lurette ^ 6y 15-16, 243-263,265- 

267, 7«. 199- 

Lettres édifiantes. See Jesuits: publications. 

Lettres envoiées de la Nouvelle France (1659), 45, 9-10, 29-77, 
263-266, 71, 193, 217. 

Lettuce, grown in Louisiana, 65, 163. 

Le Vaillant, , retams to Prance, 45, 107. 

Levalée, , with Le Tardif, a8, 239. 

Le Valliant See Vaillant de Gueslis. 

Le Valon, , wounded by Iroquois, 37, 117. 

Le Vasseur de Nere, , naval captain and engineer: begins 

fortifications at Quebec, 69, 235 ; plans of, rejected, 303. 

Levasseur, Jean, dit Lavigne, officer in court: marriage, 43, 323; 
delivers writ to Jesuits, 73; land granted to, 323; death, 323; 
sketch, 323. 

Le Vasseur, Nazaire: Canada et les Basques, 71, 303, 307. 

L'Evesque, , sponsor in baptism, a, 159. 

Le Vietix, Nicolas, sieur de Hauteville (Daudeville, HautviUe) : 
dines with Jesuits, 36, 145; appointed lieutenant-general, 249; 
gifts to Quebec parish church, 4a, 285; marriage, 300; sketch, 300. 

Levis, Henry de. See Ventadour. 

Levis (Levi), Gaston François de, duc de: in Port William Henry 
(George) campaign, 70, 119, 123, 139, 143, 151; risks life to save 
English, 181; besieges Quebec, 312; services in Prench army, 
313, 71, 302; death (1787), 70, 312; sketch, 312. His MS. col- 
lection, 71, 244. 

Levron, Joseph, dit Metayer: his children baptised, 70, 75-77. 

Levron, Marie Amable, daughter of Joseph: baptism, 70, 75. 

Levron, Marie Charlotte, daughter of Joseph: baptism, 70, 77. 

Lewis and Clark expedition, 71, 338. 

Lia (Leah), 39, 219. 

Liancourt (Liencourt), Charles, seigfneur de: marriage, 3, 233, 300. 
See DuPlessis. 

LieUris. 68, 327. See Snakeroot 

Liberius (St.), pope, a8, 318. 

Liberté, — — , captivity and death, 47, 201. 

LlBEARIKS: of Jesuits, 70, 289-291, 71, XO3, X20. 

United States : Astor (N. Y.)— 4, 249, 66, 300, 301, 309, 319, 324, 



UbnriM] INDEX 105 



330. Ayer, £. E. (Chicago) — Cramoisy Relations in, 27, 310, 30, 
301, 3J, 308-309, 34, 242-343. 35» «87. 36, 235, 37, 264, 38, 290. 40, 
354. 4>. 350, 4>. 392, 43, 320, 44, 320, 45, 268, 46, 299, 47, 314, 48, 
292. 49. 371. 50, 317. 5l. 285. 53, 302, 54, 304, 55, 318. Barlow, S. 
L. M. — 51, 286 ; See also Books : sales. Boston Atheneeum — 66, 318, 
320, 33a Boston Public — 66, 304, 315, 330. Brown, John Carter 
(now in possession of his son, John Nicholas; Providence, R. I.) — 
contributions to this series, i, xii; Cramoisy Relations in, 5, 269- 
273. 6. 324, 7, 307. II, 274. "4» 284, 15, 242, 18. 252, ao. 303, M. 315. 
323, 35, 285, J7, 310, 38, 311, 30, 301, 3J. 308, 34, 242-243, 35. 287. 
36, 235, 37, 264, 38, 290, 40, 254. 4it 250, 253. 43. 292. 43. 320, 44, 
320, 45, 268, 46, 299, 47, 313, 48, 292. 49, 271, 50. 314, 317, 5". 285, 
5^. 259, 53, 302, 54, 304, 55. 317-318; Catalogue, cited, i, 299-301, 
a, 288, 290, 3, 288-289, 4, 248, 250, 5, 269, 273, 71, 219. Congress 
(Washington, D. C.)— 66, 327, 328; MSS. in, 14, 4, 63, 296, 64, 271» 
65, 255, 66, 297, 334, 71, 233, 248. Harvard University (Cambridge, 
Mass.) — a, 288, 289, 63, frontispiece, 66, 299-304, 315; Cramoisy 
Relations in. 5, 270-273. 6, 324. 7. 307, 8, 285, 11. 272, 274. "4. 284, 
15. 243, "8. 252, ao, 303, JJ, 314, J3, 323, 35, 285. J7, 310, j8. 311, 
30. 300-301, 3^. 308, 34. 242-243, 35, 287, 36, 235, 37. 264. 40, 253- 
254. 41. 250, 4a, 292, 43, 320, 44. 320, 45. 268, 46, 299, 47, 313, 48. 
292-293, 49, 271, 50, 317. 5i. 284-285, 5^. 259. 53. 302, 54. 304. 55* 
318; MSS. in, 67, 338, 71, 215. Kalbfleisch— 3, 286, 5, 269, 50, 314. 
Lenox (N. Y. City) — i, 299-301, 3, 286, 288, 4, 248, 6, 319, 33, 
234. 59, 295. 298, 303, 60, 312, 314, 64, 272, 66. 298, 300, 302, 309, 
319-321, 324, 331, 71, 237; contributions to this series, 1, xii; Cra- 
moisy Relations in, 5, 269, 273, 6, 320, 324, 7. 305. 307. 8, 283, 285, 
II, 272-274, 14. 281. 284. 15, 242, 18. 252, JO. 303, aa, 313-314. ^3, 
322, 323, 35, 283-285, 37, 309-310. 38, 310-3", 30. 300-301, 3^, 307- 
308, 34, 238-243, 35, 287, 3<^. 234-235. 37, 263-264, 38, 290, 40. 253- 
254, 4". 249-252, 43. 291-292, 43. 319-320, 44, 319-320. 45, 263, 265- 
268, 46. 298-299, 47, 313, 48, 291-293, 49, 269, 271, 50, 313-315, 317, 
51, 283-286, 53, 259, 53, 301-302, 54, 303-304, 55, 316, 318. ji, 369; 
Catalogne of Jesuitica, cited, i, 299, 301-302, 3, 287-288, 290, 3, 286, 
288, 299, 4, 248-251, 5. 269, II, 273-274, 36. 233, 57. 309-310, 59. 301, 
65, 255, 257-258, 71, 222. Lloyd Botanical (Cincinnati, O.) — 51, 
290. Marshall, Charles D. (Buffalo, N. Y.) — Cramoisy Relations 
in, 40, 254, 41. 250. 43. 291-293, 47, 314, 49. 271, 51, 285, 55, 318. 
Massachusetts Historical Society — 69, 281. New York (City) 
Public — 66, 300. New York State — 66, 319, 327; Cramoisy Re I ac- 
tions in, 14, 284, 33, 315, 37, 310, 38, 311, 30, 30I, 3^, 308, 36, 235, 
41, 250, 43, 320, 44, 320, 45, 268, 46, 299, 48, 292-293, 49, 271, 50, 
317, 51, 285, 5«. 259. 53. 302, 54. 304. 55. 3i8. Riggs Memorial 
((SeoiTgetown University, D. C.)— 3, 290, 7, 307. 41. 250, 50, 317. 



10« JESUIT RELA TIONS [I 



LiB&ARiBs: Unùêd States {iiXfcAxayx^—' 

St. Francis Xavier College (N. Y. City) — i, 302, J. 288. St John's 
College (Fordham, N. Y.) — J. 288. U. S. Btireau of Ethnolegy — 
66, 319. Wisconsin State Historical Society — 37, 308, 66, 318, 71, 
235-a33i 337. 343» «44. 247, 249, 250, 256, 261, 69, 290; Cramoisy Rela- 
twns in, 35, 283, 285, j8, 310, 311. 48, 293, 49, 271, 50, 317 {sss 
also 38, 289-290); HSS. in, 71, 225-233, 247, 249-250, 256, 261, 280, 
290, 322. Woodstock College (Woodstock, Md.) — a, 288. 

Canada: Dominion Parliament (Ottawa) — 1, zii, 3, 291, 7, 305, 
43. aao, 67, 329. 68, 335; Cramoisy Relations in, 6, 324, 8, 285, 15, 
243. ^3. 333. 35. 385, 38, 311, 30, 301. 3^. 308, 34. 242, 35, 287, 36, 
335. 37. 364, 38, 290, 40. 253-354. 41, 351, A% 391-292, 43, 330^ 45. 
266, 268. 46, 299, 47. 314, 320. 48, 292, 49. 371, 50, 317. 5i. 385. 5«. 
359. 53. 302, 54, 304, 55, 318; formerly at Quebec, 4>. 351; destroyed 
(X854) by fire, 251-253, 45, 264; Report (i^s^) of joint library com- 
mission, 41, 252 ; Catalogue, cited, a, 288, 47, 320, 71, 220, 358. Laval 
University (Quebec) — 37, 308; Cramoisy ^//^/«9^5 in, 11, 274, 14, 
284, 15, 243. 18. 352, ao, 303, aa, 315, a3, 323, as, 285, a7, 307. a8, 
3". 30, 301, 3«. 308, 35. 387. 36. 235. 37, 364, 38, 290, 40, 254» 41. 350, 
252, 4^. 39a, 43. 330, 44, 330, 45. 368, 46, 299, 47. 314, 48, 292-293, 
49, 271. 50, 314. 317. 5«. 385, 5a, 259, 53,303, 54, 304, 55, 318; MSS. 
in, a7, 307, 4a, 292-293, 45, 365, 60, 312, 314. 65, 256, 6^ 282, 71, 
211, 261. McGUl University (Montreal) — i, xii. St. Mary's College 
(Montreal) — a, 288 ; Cramoisy Relations in {see Archives). Toronto 
Public — 5, 297; Cramoisy Relations in, as, 285, 34, 242, 35, 287, 

36, 335, 48, 292, 51, 285; other rare works, 71, 239, 249. 

Europe; Arsenal (Paris) — 5, 269, 51, 284, 285; aid from officials, 
acknowledged, I, xii. Bodleian (Oxford, Eng.) — 4a, 296, 71, 226, 
229, 259. British Museum (London) — 64, 280-281, 66, 299, 315, 327, 
338, 331, 7>, 359; Cramoisy Relations in, 5, 269, 273, 6, 324, 7, 307, 
8, 285. II, 274, 14, 384, 18, 242, 18, 252, ao, 303, aa, 315, a3, 323, as, 
385, a7. 310, a8, 311, 30. 301, 3^, 308, 34. 342-243. 35, 287, 36, 235, 

37, 364^38, 290, 40, 254, 41, 350, 4a, 292, 296, 43. 330, 44, 330, 45, 368, 
46, 299, 47, 314, 48, 292-293. 49, 271, 50, 317. 51, 383-285, 5^, 859» 
54, 304» 55. 318; Catalogué^ cit^ a. 287, 71, 220. Corsini (Rom^ 
— 4, 264. École de Ste. Greneviève (Paris) — 50, 3x4, 67. 331; his- 
tory, 41, 252. Marine, department of (Paris) — 47, 320. Nationale, 
Bibliothèque (Paris)— a, 289, 302, 3, 286, 288, 299, 30, 16, 47, 313, 
314, 320, 63, 297, 71, 353, 377; aid from officials, acknowledged» i, 
xii; CxBSCkO^sj Relations in, 5, 269, 6, 324, 7, 307, 8, 285, 15. 243, 
27, 310, a8, 311, 30, 301, 3^. 308, 34, 243, 35. 387, 36, 336, 37» 364, 

38, 290, 40, 254, 41, 250, 4a, 292, 43. 330, 44. 330, 45. 364-265, 368, 
46, 299, 48. 292, 293, 49, 271, 50, 314-315, 317. 51. 385, sa, 259, 53. 
303, 54, 304, 55. 318; MSS. in, 39, 265, 71, 326, 229, 232, 243, 245. 



] INDEX 107 

352, 377; Set also Archives. Royale, Bibliothèque (Bnusela) — 

MSS. in, 34, 946, 71, aas. Royale. Bibliothèque (Paris) ^ 3, 986, 

II, 374; S4t a^ove Nationale. Ste. Geneviève (Paris) — described, 

41, 353. Sorbonne (Paris) — 43, 265. 

Library of American Books, cited, 66, 531. 

Lice: eaten by Indians, 9, 79, 6, 345; a noisance on shipboard, 68, 
337-339. 

Licenses: granted to publishers, 1, 57f ^» 189. 4» 167. St 75t 6> 3it 97* 
8, X95, 905, II, 39, 15» 143. aoQ, 18, 53> SO, 117, M, 37» 33, 363, 35, 
loi, J7, 131, 38, 359* 30, 315, 33, 123, 34. 75« 36, 63, 159, 37« I3i> 
40, 349i 41» 33. 43, 37, 43. 95. 44. I47. 45. 75. X75. 47. i». I37. 48, 
33. 355. 49. X93. 80, 105, 23s, 33. 31. 84. 303- 85. 337. 347; i&<tif 
trade, 330-331, 67, 47 — limited, to petty officials, 63, 365; for 
marriages, 71, 43. 

Licentiousness: prevalent among Indians, 3,397; Abenakis, 66,177; 
Algonkins, 16, 61, 147. I57. 18, i37-i39. 33, 333, 34, 33-35. 199, 
33, 349. 37. 39. ï8i, 33, 199, 317, 35, 357. 4^. 133. 5^. 165-167. 61, 
137; Andastes, 33, 185; Hurons, 6, 355, 13, 137, 171. aoi, 17. 199, 
33. 63, 71-73, 93. 159-161, 165, 185, 36, 229, 287. 30, 33, 33, 139. 33» 
113. 139. 34. 193. 36, 307, 213, 37. 171. 43, 197-199. 43. 333, 243, 
349, 46, 105. 49. 73. Bi, 87; Illinois, 64. 163, 193, 65, 67. 79. ^^ 
331 ; Iroquois, 31. 83, 43, 141. 43. 389, 295, 44. 37. 73. 47. 81, 51, 
137, 141. 225, 235, 53, 165, 177-179. 303, 315, 84. 37. 83, 55. 43. 
57. 391, 57, 83, 91, 139, 141, 58, 337, 241, 253, 61, 169, 197, 63, 30I- 
303, 335 ; Montagnais, 6. 355, 34, 139, 36, 91, 39, 187-189, 35. 3T9r 
M* 53; Natches women, 135, 141; Neutrals, 3i, 197, 37, 33; 
Ottawas, 48, 135-137, 367-369, 50, 391, 399-301, 51, 21, 53, 305, 
54. 171-175. 179. 183-185: Petuns, 30, 47; Senecas, less prevalent 
among, 56, 69. Considered by Souriquois disgraceful in g^irls, 3, 
103; practiced by chiefs and medicine-men, 6, 309, 19, 163; in 
superstitious rites and ceremonies. 17, 147-149, 34, 107, 317, 39, 
133 {see also Indians: dances, feasts, a«i/ superstitions) ; obstacle 
to missions, 64, 145, 65, 339, 66, 171 ; see also Indians: anthro- 
pology and ethnology. Among Frenchmen, 10, 63, 18, 141, 30, 19, 
35. 85. 64, 133, 65, 149. W. 393; fur traders, 63, 351,65, I93-I99. 
313, 317, 337-343; negro women, 70, 281. 

Licorice, needed in hospital, 49, 207, 50, 161. 

Liduvine, Huron convert: piety, 43, 235-337. 

Liege, Belgium, 53, 131, 54, 387; Jesuits at, 71, 387. 

Li%eois (Ligeois), Jean, Jesuit brother, 6, 47, 5i-53> 8, 67, 9. 3ûi, 38, 
i8z, 4:1, 363-367, 397, 71, 133; arrives in Canada, 7, 211; voyages to 
and from France, 37, 8i, 33, 105. 34. 59. 35. 53. 57. 3*. 49. 37. "5; 
aids 'sick Indian, 18, 149; at Quebec, 37, 8x; various official acts» 
38, X91, 195, 209, 243; superintends erection of college, 33, 8x; 



108 JESUIT BELA TIONS [ 

Liégeois (continued)— 

his labors, 4a, 265-267; slain by Mohawks, 6, 39, 41, 315, 43, 15, 

263-267, 292, 297 ; burial, 265, 297 ; discovery of remains, 8.- 292, 

4 J, 297; sketch, 7, 309, 71, 140. 
Liemacker (Roose), Nicolas, painter, 71, 402. 
Lighter, used in Bilozi Bay, 65, 165. 
Lighthall, W. D., Canadian writer: Hochelagans, 71, 293. 
Lighthouse, first, on St. Lawrence, 71, 390. 
Lightning: in Huron folk-lore, 10, 195-197; caused by thunderbird, 

320; by serpents, la, 27; symbolized by serpent, 269, 33, 215; 

dog sacrificed to, 64, 187-189. 

Lila, , priest: correspondent of Gravier, 66, 33. 

Lilium Canadense, 5, 282. Ssg Lily. 

Lille, de, 70, 21. See Lisle, de. 

Lily: roots used as food, 5, 103, 282, 6, 273; white, first cultivated 

at Montreal, 64, 137; on standard of France, 45, 201, 46, 241. 
Lima, N. Y., Seneca village near, 8, 294, 51, 293. 
Limbourg (doth), valued by Indians, 68, 191. 
Lime, 9, 189; in salt springs, 43, 326; made at Quebec (1636), 9, 

165; made from oyster-shells, a8, iii, 69, 213; kiln, at Tadoussac, 

68, 79- 

Lime (fruit), 38, 243. 

Limestone, in Nova Scotia, 3, 296, 297. 

Limestone Creek, N. Y., Indian village on, 8, 299. 

Limoges, Prance, 64, 141; latitude, 139; seat of bishopric, 63, 300. 

Limoges, Joseph de, Jesuit, 65, 119, 123, 135, 71, 134; Indian appella- 
tion, 65, 115; labors with Humas, 1, 36, 65, 149, 153-155; with 
Mississippi tribes, 265; shipwrecked, 153-155; sketch, 266, 71, 159. 

L'Incarnation, Marie (Guyard) de, 16, 258, 33, 199, 35, 235, 38, 97, 
55> 377, 56, 223, 243, 345 ; her call to Canada, 38, 99-101, 107 ; first 
superior of Ursuline convent at Quebec, 11, 276, 15, 350, 33, 123, 
36, 129, 38, 69; Huron girl writes to, 33, 197; official acts, 35, 223, 
231-233; Chaumonot writes to, 41, 219-221; interest in education, 
56, 219; vision, 245-251, 255, 259; death, 219, 293-299; biography, 
■6, 255-357. 56, 21^223, 247-263, 283-299, 71, 252, 332-333» 33^ 
337; praised by Bossuet, 16, 257; beatified, £57. Composes Algon- 
kin dictionary, 16, 256. Report (1642) of seminary for Indian girls, 
33, 181, 187, 197-199. Memoir of Marie de St Joseph, 38, 69-165, 
71, 191. Narrative of her call and journey to Canada, 56, 247-263, 
71, 197. Lettres, cited, 19, 45, 47, 51-55, 36, 249, 38, 293, 39, 267, 
40, 256-257, 4". 356-257, 71, 252, 377; bibliography, 16, 256. 
Cited, 5, 283. 6, 326. II, 277. 

L'Incarnation, Sister Clémence (Duhamel) de. Hospital nun, makes 
her profession, 38, 169. 



UquofS] INDEX 109 

Linctot, Jean Grodefroy de, 9, 305, ai, 23, 311. 

Linden, bark eaten, 48, 119. 

Lindsay, Crawford: translator for this series, 9-19, v of each vol- 
ume; 30-71, s of each volnme, also 7a, 5. Aid from, acknowl- 
edged. 19, 269; notes by, 14, 288, i6, 258, a«, 317, 3a, 313, 37, 265, 

50, 323, 326, 70. 309, 71. 389-391» 394; cited, 37, 315, 47. 319. 57» 
319, 63. 276, 65, 271, 66, 337, 67, 334-335- 

Lindsay, abbé Lionel St G., of Quebec: translates documents in 
this series, 36, 234, 66, 22. A^ Z>. de LoretU^ cited, 58, 296, 71, 
308. 

Linen, 37, iii; needed for hospital, 36, 61, 49, 207-209, 50, 161, 

51, 111-113, 83, 109; used for windows, 33, 257; on mattresses, 
70, 61 ; price, 259. 

Lingendes, Claude de, Jesuit provincial: permits issue of Relations^ 
36, 65 ; missionaries write to, 34, 83-85. 35. 75-77, 3^. 45-57. 161- 
163. 

Liniouek, 43, 221, 296. See Illinois. 

Linné (Linnœus), Carl von, Swedish botanist: cited, 5, 276, 33, 318, 

43» 325. 59» 309- 
Lion: fabulous tales regarding, 47, 143, 51, 57; American, 10, 177, 

326 (see Panther). 
Lion, 39, 29. See Lyons. 
Lion's heart, 50, 71. See Stars: Keleb alased. 
Lionne, 34, 145, 153, 33, 35, 45, 61. See Lyonne, M. de. 
Uguidambar styraciflua Qiquid-amber tree), 66, 348. 
Liquors, intoxicating: brought to Canada, 3i, 97, 39, 8x ; why Indians 

drink, 9, 205, II, 195, 33, 243, 53, 193. 61, 173, 241, 67, 177; used 

temperately by Abenakis, 31, 189 — by Montagnais, 3i, 99, 63, 

255-257. 

Traffic in, with Indians: 35, 267, 269, 43, 77. 44» 93. 45. 121, 

48, 221, 50, 207, 211, 63, 101,63,209, 255,64,145; carried on by 
Dutch, 39, 153-155. 47, 141» 185. 320, 51* 123» 217, 53, 139» 53. I79. 
241, 257. 55, 85, 57, 81, 137, 63, 59, IDI, 231, 67, 41; by English, 5, 

49, 34, 61, 39, 141, 68, 279, 295; by French, 33, 241, 34, 143, 36, 
147, 35, 267-269, 38» 35, 51, 217, 53, 139, 57, 137, 58, 83, 295. 65, 
191, 21S-217, 227, 68, 295-297, 69, 201, 305, 70. 237, 255-257 — 
to converts at mission colonies, 53, 257, 63, 181, 199-201, 65, 29- 
31, 67, 67-69; this traffic stopped, 63, 175, 193, 201, 215. Allowed 
by D'Avaugotir, 47, 275 ; by Miscou Company, 33, 141, 36, 121, 38, 31 ; 
by Callières, 65, 227 ; by Vaudreuil, 67, 45. Prohibited by French 
authorities, 6, 253, 9, 201-207, 310, 33, 241, 34, 143, 36, 147, 45, 153, 
51, 123, 269, 67, 47, 68, 45, 69, 201, 70, 133, 257; by Company of 
New France, 33, 243; by Company of West Indies, 51, 269; by Gov- 
ernor Lovelace, 67, 41 ; restrictions on, by Chicoutimi agent, 68, 



110 JESUIT RELA TIONS [1 

Liquors: Traffic in, with Indians (contintied) — 
107. Illicit, aa, 243, 34, 143, a6, 147, ^7. I47. ^% 77, da. 47. 4*. «3. 
67. 45. 69, aoi; penmlties for, 6, 329. a8, 147. 33. 4^53, 46, i73. i«7, 
4ft, 221, 68, 267. In connection with fttr trade, 5, 40, as, 241-943, 
a4. 61, a8, 31, 37, 39, 77, 37. aoi, 50, 325, 5«. 83, 251-^53, éa, 117, 
133-135. 201, 255-257. 67, 41-47, ^^ 45. 69. 113-Ï15; extent, S3. «4i- 
357; prices, 63, 255-357; at Detroit mission, 70, 21; traders force, 
upon Indians, 66, 173; Indians ask for restriction of, aa, 241» a4, 
143, 5a, 139-141, 6a, 51, 63, 117, 67, 41. Injurious effects^ on 
Indians, 11, 195, 34, 139, 145, 33, 33-35, 46, 103-105, 4^ 61-63, SO. 
3a5. »1. 267-269, 5a» 45, 139. 53. 179. «41, «57, 5*. I93. ^. i43. to. 
225, 64, 129-131, 65, 191-199, 213, 227, 67, 43-45. 69. 149; <» French, 
50, 211, 325, 51, 173, 65, igi-193. 199; on trade, 67, 43; on missions, 
aa. 243, 58. 63,83, 59, 241, 64, 145, 65, 191, 217. 67, 177. 69, 201; 
opposed to interests of colony, 67, 39, 43. Consultation regarding, 45 , 
121 ; decisions of council, 67, 45-47; opposed by ecclesiastical author* 
ities, 44, 93, 45. 270, 46, 103-107, 48, 221 ; by Jesuits, I, 19, 6, 329, ^IM, 

241-243. ^4, 139, *®. 31, 47. «75. 297, 48. 61-63, a2i, 50, 325, 65, 227- 

229, 272, 70, 237, 255. Memorials regarding, 48, 296, 67, 39-47. 

Lisbon (I'Isbonne), French at, 39, 51, 53, 27. 

Lisle (Lille), , sieur de: dealings with Detroit mission, 70, 21, 

29. S€€ Bienvenu, A. 

L'Isle, Achille, chevalier de, French officer, 9, 49, 141, 11, 69, 89, 143, 
a I, 109; lieutenant of Montmagny, 9, 306, la, 213; sponsor in bap- 
tism, 9, 59, 14, 139, ao, 205, 309, a4, 53 ; other pious acts, 14, 141, 
16, 105, 19, 23; praised by Le Jetme, 11, 49; confers with Huitins 
at Three Rivers, la, 237-259; at Quebec, 37, 95; g^fts to Quebec 
parish church, 4a, 273. 

L'Isle, Madamoiselle de: gifts to Quebec parish church, 4a, 281. 

L'Isle Dieu, , abbé de: friendly to Jesuits, 70, 227. 

Litharge: kinds, 49, 205, 50, 161; medicinal uses, 49, 277, 51, 289. 

Little, Robbins, librarian: aid from, acknowledged, 1, xii. 

Little Chute, Wis.: rapids at, 54, 306; portage, 307. 

Little Wo4f, river and township in Wisconsin, 55, 321. 

Littré, Maximilien P. E. : Diet, langue française, cited, a, 298-999, 
301, 307, 4, 268, 5, 284, 8. 312. 9, 309-310, la, 274-375. i^, «55. ■•. 
257. «I, 315, 35. 390, 3*. 396. 50. 326, 68, 330, 71, 352. 

Liverpool, N. Y. : mission site near, 51, 293. 

Livingston, Philip, English official: at Quebec, 69, 233; sketch, 30s. 

Livius, Titus, eloquence, 10, 245. 

Livre, French money of account: value, 4, 269. See also Coins. 

Livry, estate near Paris, 67, 281. 

Lloyd, John U., M. D. : note by, 51, 990. Sassafras^ cited, 43, 395» 
7«. 347. 



IJ INDEX lU 

Loach, a fiah: in St Lawrence, 46, 173. 

Loam, uaed in making huts, 45, 239. 

Lobiac, , sienr, captain in Carignan regiment, 5a, 133. 

Lobsters: fishery of, at Port Royal, i, 69; Jestiits catch, 4, as* 

Lockman, John: abridges Lettres édifiantes^ 66, 331. 

Locksmiths, at Quebec, 3a, 91, 34, 53. 

Locust, honey {Gladitsckia), 69, 297. 

Lodestone, Indians amasad by, 11, 961. 

Lûds et ventes^ 65, 185, 71, 71, 8$; explained, 65, 271. See eUsa 

Seigniories. 

L'Œil Eraillé, Mme. , commodities sent to, 69, 261. 

Loerger, C: Lettre cire. Lamberville (MS.), 71, 231. 

Logan, James, dted, 59, 312. 

Logstown (Chingué, Chenango, Shenango, Legionville) : English at, 

69, 171, 175-177; Céloron at, 175-177; Iroquois at, 177; historical 

sketch, 297-298; inhabitants of, 299. 
Loiseau, Anne, marriage, 35, 29a 
Lombardy, climate, 9, 185. 
Lompré, de, father of Catherine de St Augustin: opposes 

daughter's project, 5a, 61 ; grants daughter's request, 63. 
London, Eng.. 71, 39; Jesuits at, 3, 17; bibliographical society of, 

é, 4; association for aiding poor in, 36, 85. 
London Pharmacopeta^ cited, 49, 276. 
Long, J. : Voyages, 71, 253-254- 
Ixmg, Stephen H. : Expedition to Rocky Mountains, cited, 59, 30g, 

310. 7«» 340. 
Longevity, among Indians, ao, 239, 48, 73. 

Long Island Historical Society: Memoirs^ cited, la, 271, 71» 248, 330. 
Long Island, N. S., Champlain at, 3, 295; French at, 4, 25. 
Longitude: length of degree, 5, 65, 67; of Quebec, 65-67, 99; learned 

by observing eclipses, 16, 225. 
Long-Pré, , of Bayeuz, permits daughter to go to C>anada, 3a, 

135. 
Longrays, de, slain by Natches, 68, 167. 

Longue Pointe, Que.: Ursuline lands at, 11, 277; Jesuit lands at, 

^ 209; Hospital-mm lands at 211; shipwreck at, 243; deputy 

from, 38, 185. 
Longue Pointe, peninsula between Green Bay and Lake Michigan, 

58, 298. 
Longueuil (Longeuil), ■ , commands French forces at Montreal, 

66, 193. See also Le Mo]rne. 
Longueuil, chevalier de. See Le Moyne, Paul Joseph. 
Longueuil, first baron de. See Le Moyne, Charles. 
Longueuil, second baron de. See Le Moyne, Charles. 



112 JESUIT BELA TIONS [LonsoevOto 

Longaeville, , due de: sponsor of Amantacha, 5» 347. 

LongueviUe, Catherine de {née Gonzague) : sponsor in baptism, a, 
159; marriage (1588), 296. 

Longueville, Henry I., due de: marriage, a, 296. 

LfOoking-glasses. See Mirrors. 

Lootman (Lothman), Willibrord, dit Barrois: identity, 69, 307. Set 
also Barrois, and Le Barroys. 

Lootman, Marie, dit Barrois: marriage, 69, 307. 

Lord, Hugh, English captain: commandant in Illinois (i 771), 71, 389. 

Lordis, , Jesuit in France, 64, 157. 

Lords of Trade, in London, 69, 296. 

Loreto (Latirette, Lorette, Loretto), Italy, famous for shrine, 18, 37, 
30, 303, 50, 319, 58, IS7, 167; Poncet at, 15, 250; population, 18, 
356; gifts from Hurons (1684), 256; pilgrimages to, 256, 60, 145; 
favored by Jesuits, 18, 256; Santa Casa (Holy House) at, 256, 58, 
131, 149-151, 60, 71-75, 79, 91-93, 61, 121, 247; miraculous cures 
&t, 30, 95 ; oratory at, dedicated to Virgin, 36, 167, 50, 45 ; vows 
made to Our Lady of, 45, 51, 95; novena performed to Our Lady 
of, 50, 47; Chaumonot at, 60, 69; temple surrounding Holy House 
at, 79 ; image of Virgin sent from, 87 ; Canadian Lorette compared 
to, 89 ; Canadian Lorette, built on plan of, 59, 81, 6a, 257. 

Lorette (Laurette), Canada. See Jesuits: residences, and mission 
colonies; and horeto. 

Lorimier, Guillaume de, death, 67, 335. 

Lorimier, Marguerite de {née Chorel): pawnshop-keeper, 67, 69; 
identified, 335. 

L'Orient, fortified French seaport: founded by Company of West 
Indies (1664), 67, 341; Beaubois at, 265; Germans at, 287; descrip- 
tion, 341. 

Lorin, Henri: Frontenac^ 71, 336. 

Lormel, de, French captain, 7, 213. 

Lorraine, France, 39, 213, 43, 151, 70, 309; French invade, 8, 306; 
house of, sends presents to Canadian Lorette, 60, 87 ; parliament 
of, not hostile to Jesuits, 70, 314. 

Lorraine, Charles de. See Guise, due de. 

Lorraine, Charles de, cardinal and statesman: recommends Capu- 
chins, a, 299. 

Loskiel, George H. : Hist. Ind. Missions^ cited, la, 271, 71, 288. 

Lossing, Benson J.: " Last of Pequods," 71, 291. 

Lotbinière, Louis Théandre Chartier de, 43, 323, 324. See Chartier. 

Loth, baptismal name of Acouanis, a, 149. 

Lothman, dit Barrois, 69, 307. See Barrois." 

Loubois, , chevalier de: in command of French troops, 68, 

189; voltmteers for, 191. 



LovU] INDEX 118 

Londtm, France, Ursuline convent at, 38, Z25-127. 

Louis, Algonkin child: baptism and death, 11, 91. 

Louis, Algonkin convert: baptized, 46, 133; sister of, converted, 135. 

Louis, a Frenchman: drowned in rapids, la, 272. 

Louis, a Huron: conversion and baptism, 19, 149-151. 

Louis, Huron boy: drowned, 37, 169. 

Louis, Jean, illegitimate child: baptism, 70, 77. 

** Louis, little," identity, 71, 399. Sse also Le Boesme, L. 

Louis, Mascouten captive: baptism, 30, 89. 

Louib, Ottawa convert: baptism and piety, 48, 267-271 ; celibacy, 56, 

93- 
Louis, Récollet brother: last Récollet in Canada, 69, 304. 

Louis VI., of Prance, builds church, 8, 311. 

Louis VIII., of France, death, 1, 316. 

Louis IX. (St Louis), of France, 39, 145, 45, 201, 46, 119, 49, 253, 

357, 63, 89; in Holy Land, i, 316; builds Sainte Chapelle, 3a, 

311; image. 53, 269. 
Louis X., of France, grants privileges to Normans, i, 307. 
Louis XI., of France, 5, 247; restricts Parliament of Paris, a, 297. 
Louis XII., of France, limits membership in Parliament of Paris, a, 

297. 

Louis XIIL, of France, i, 55, 57, 179, 5. 75. 8, 197, 205, 217, 307, 9, 
312. II, 29. 31. 45. 47. 77, 143. "^. 169. 15. 143, 209, 223, 227, 235, 
i8, 53. a^i. ^". «69, aa, 27, 213, 271. 277. 30, 215. 3^, 131, 3"; 
sponsor in baptism, 1, 77, 109, 121; Lescarbot appeals to, 89; aids 
Jesuits, 1, 143, 36, 250-251 ; writes to Poutrincourt, i, 312 ; oppresses 
Huguenots, 316; Condé rebels against, a, 296; marries Anne of 
Austria, 296; confessor, 306; Relation of 1616 dedicated to, 3, 27; 
interest in missions, 27, 15, 217; grants New France to Mme. de 
Guercheville, 3, 233-235; commissions La Saussaye, 4, 9; orders 
surrender of Quebec, 5,41; fails to compensate Kirk, 277 ; founds 
Imprimerie Royale, 280; petition of habitants to, 287; establishes 
Company of New France, 8, 225 ; delays Henrietta's dowry, 288 ; 
piety, 14, 265, 15, 235; receives Algonkin envoy, 223-225; gifts 
to Indians, 223-225, 229, 16, 109, 18, 127, 19, 67-69; grants New 
France to Hundred Associates, 18, 243, ai, 57; his action regard- 
ing Jesuit publications, ao, 117; sends aid to Canada, aa, 247; 
grants trading (privileges to habitants, 30, 187 ; makes change in 
government of Canadian colony (1647), 305-306; grants money to 
habitants, 34, 63, 36, 250; aids Canadian missions, 39, 43; death 
(1643), a3, 283-285, 319, 50. 319; Canada mourns for, a4, 157. 
Lettres fav. Jésuites, 71, 231. 

Louis XIV. (le Grand), of France, 18, 261, a4, 65, as, lox, 103, 45, 
181, 4<^. 149. 157. MI. «41. 295, 47, "5. 133, 157, 159» 3i8» 4*. »5. 



114 /ES UlT RELA TIONS [ 

Louis XIV. (continued)— 
49, 119, 149. 213, 219. 235. 249, 274, 275. 50, 81. 89, 91, 99. loi. 173, 
177. 247. 281, 319, 321, 5". 107, 241, 245. 277. 279, 5J, 51. 225. 227. 
53* 27. 35. 203. 303, 54, 251-255. 275. 55. 97. io5. 10^115. 227, 235, 
56, 213, 57, 23-27. 89. Ï39. 175, 59, 269, 285, 306, 6j, 53, 97. 153, 159, 
265. 276, 63. 89. 303. <^4, 241-245. 249, 255, 65, 191, 195-199, 
209, 217. 223. 247. ^, 45, 173, <^7, 343; ^irth. "5. 217. 225: rejoic- 
ing in Canada at birth, 14, 265-267, 15, 219-231, 18, 85 ; birth con- 
sidered miraculous, 14, 265, 288; prayers of Indians asked for, 
18, 89; succeeds Louis XIII. (by regency, 1643; in person, 
165 1), 33, 285-^87, 50, 319; controls Parliament of Paris, 3, 297; 
pensions Marie de Razilly, 8, 289; rebuilds monument of Mont- 
martre, 311; Indian {garments sent to, 27, 85; Hundred Asso- 
ciates relinquish ftir trade to, 137; habitants ennobled by, 311-312; 
picture of, in Canada, a8, 239, 29, 235-239 ; requests Boucher to 
write account of Canada, a8, 316; procession made for, 39, 69; 
establishes council on ecclesiastical affairs, 36, 71; at Poictiers, 
159; Laval writes to, 45, 23; writes to Queylus and Laval, 
111-113; promises aid to New Prance, 46, 147; Le Jeune asks aid 
of, 197-199. Promises aid against Iroquois, 47, 131, 157, 48, 25. 
49, 147; French desire aid of, 47, 219, 6a, 163-165; Jesuits desire 
aid of, 47, 249; sends soldiers to New France, 293, 48, 249, 49, 
189, 215, 223, 229-231, 5>, 159. 167, 171, 63, 303, 66, 342; aids 
Iroquois converts, 64, 11 1. D'Avaugour writes to, 46, 149; ap- 
points De Mézy governor, 47, 247 ; annuls right of Company of 
New France, 249. Relations with Jesuits — confirms lands to, 47, 
263 ; constitutes them protectors of Indians, 263 ; exhibit portraits 
of, 53, 269; gifts to, 65, 181 ; orders statement of revenues by, 181 ; 
refuses concession to, 66, 43; grants concessions to, 43, 71, 65, 71, 
81, 87^89, loi; confessor of, 63, 301; Jesuits complain to, 66, 339; 
orders repayments from, 67, 51; establishes Jesuits at Brest, 71, 
235. Makes changes in Canadian government, 47, 317 ; interest 
in New France, 318, 50, 83, 89, 109, 147, 177-179, «37, 5^. 45. 53. 37, 
303. 55, 105; sends Tracy to New France (1665), 49, 217; sends 
commission to New France, 217; réglâtes fur trade, 278; policy 
toward New France, 50, 327; policy toward Indians, 51, 173, 5a, 
47, 261; recalls Frontenac (1682), 55, 322, 59, 316; encourages 
Canadian commerce, 55, 322 ; interest in missions, 56. 149 ; grants 
permission to La Salle to explore, 57, 315; Louisiana named for, 
316; fits out expedition for La Salle, 316; alliance with Charles II. 
of England, 317; imprisons Perrot, 58, 295; restores Perrotto gov- 
emor^ip, 295; recalls Duchesneau, 59, 316; sponsor in baptism, 
60, 147, 63, 159; Indians pray for, 61, 109; hymns in honor of, 6a, 
233 ; liberality of, to mission du Sault, 233 ; pensions la Montagne 



i] INDEX 116 

mission, 275; orders selsttre of Iroquois, 63, 304; orders attack on 
New York and New England, 64, 973-^74; orders deetraction of 
Fort Frontenac, 276; order recall of traders, 65, 215; Hnroos 
revere, 66, x6i; cedes Canada to England, 67, 101-103; medals 
of, given to Indians, 309; grants barony to Beaohamais, 33a; 
death (17x5), 339; letter, cited, 60, 319. 
Louis XV., of France, 67, 59, 77. 125, 207, 68, 79, 81, 103, 197, 203. 

69, 239, 296; controls Parliament of Paris, a, 297; rebuilds Ste. 
Geneviève, 297 ; picture of, as dauphin, 53, 269 ; encourages ship- 
building in New France, 55, 322 ; grants given by, in New France, 
^7» 55f ^» ^x; missionaries attentive to interests of, 67, 79; 
grants pension, 339; favorite of, 343, 70, 313; promises protection 
to Illinois, 68, 205; Illinois chant prayer for, 209; pays annual 
pension to Jesuits, 69, 31 ; forbids liquor traffic with Indians, 201, 

70, 257 ; maintains garrison at mouth of Mississippi, 69, 205 ; por- 
trait of, sent to Quebec college, 23s ; portrait of, on medallions, 
70, 97; bishops petition, in behalf of Jesuits, 213 ; supports orphans, 
243-245; suppresses Jesuit order in France (1762), 314; cedes 
LfOuisiana to Spain and England (1763-64), 315. 

Louis XVI., of France: birth, 71, 304; controls Parliament of Paris, 

a, 297; recalls liaurepas, 67, 343. 
Louis Guillaume. Mohawk convert: baptized, 54, 277. 
Louisbourg (Louisburg), Cape Breton Island, 4, 270; fortifications 

at, 67, 333-334; Bigot commissary at (174S), 69, 292; captured by 

English, a, 304, 69, 292, 70, 311, 71, 299. 
Louise, Algonkin convert: piety, 24, 31-33. 171-175. 
Louise, Indian convert: baptized, 54, 277. 
Louise, Montagnais girl: educated in France, 11, 95. 
Louise, Som4quois child: baptism, 30, 129, 131. 
LouisuNA, French colony in Mississippi valley, 59, 313, 65, 263, 265, 

266, 268, 269, 66, 338, 341. 343. 345. 68, 330, 69, 221 ; origin of 

luunc» 57« 316. 

Description: population — Germans in, 67, 287, 340, 69, 215; 
colonization of, retarded by war, 68, 223; Chicasas in, 69, 294. 
Climate, 67, 261, 289, 297, 69, 211. Tensas cotmty, 65, 267. Social 
and economic conditions — farmed out to Crozat (1713), 67, 339; 
Company of Indies exploits, 340; agriculture encouraged, 340; 
negro slavery in, 343; condition in 1750, 69, 211-213; irrigation, 213; 
exports of, to West Indies, 215 ; importance of Illinois to, 229; Indian 
slavery in, 301 ; Jesuits introduce culture of orange and sugar-cane, 
71. 381. Maps, 63, frontispiece, 67. 343-344» ^9. 229. 

Events m history^ etc: government «—founded by Bienville, 70, 
223; governors of, 65, 272, 66, 342, 71, 396; French officers in, 67, 
335. 68, 328; capital, transferred to New Orleans (1723), 67, 340; 



116 JESUn RELATIONS [U»«isoa 

Louisiana : Events in history (continued) — 

becomes royal province (1731), 67,340; council of, expels Jesuits (1763), 

70, 215-219, 227, 237, 259, 277-279, 289, 303; personnel of council, 
215, 219; council adjudges Jesuits entitled to vicariate-general, 261- 
263; officials, 215, 289-291; council permits Meurin to remain in 
Illinois, 291-293. Ecclesiastical — missions in, i, 12, 18, 36-37; rela- 
tion to Canadian mission, 37; compared to Canadian mission, 37; 
Jesuits ask direction of French in, 66, 339 ; Jesuits in, 67, 340-342, 
344, 68, 328 ; Beaubois owns plantation in, 67, 271 ; Jesuits expelled 
from (it)03-64), 64, 280, 68, 328, 70, 213-301, 303; Ursulines in, 67, 
342; Capuchins in, 344; under ecclesiastical control of Quebec, 70, 
223, 227, 259-261; Capuchins control, 71. 389; j^^ a/^^ Jesuits, and 
Capuchins. Gravier writes concerning, 66, 8, 15-16, 125-143, 334, 

71, 203; reports of, in France, 67, 277; negroes in, 343; customs of 
Indians of, regarding names, 68, 149; concessionaries in, 327-328; 
widely known in France, 70, 223 ; Indians in, propitiated by pres- 
ents, 239; ceded to Spain and England (1763), 315, 317; disorders in, 
315; ceded to France (1800), 71, 382. 

Works relating to: description, 71, 251, 340; history, 253, 255, 
258, 261, 263, 325-327; relations with Canada, 296; cession to United 
States, 326; cartography, 365 {see also Cartography and maps). 
Louison. See Campeau, Jean Louis. 
Louison, Mme. See Campeau, Mme. J. L. 
Loups (Wolves; see also Mohegans), Algonquian tribe, 41, iii, 115, 

51, 187. i9it 213. 249. 56, 41. 59, 283, 61, 145, 63, 177, ai3. 64. 59. 
61, 81, 65, 113, 115; Iroquois name for, a8, 113; called Mahingans, 
66, 348. Location — 5a, 123, 53, 137, 55, 27; at French missions, 
58» 75i 59t 389, 65, 187; on Kankakee River, 66, 348; at Fort 
Orange, 67, 31; at La Paille Coupée, 69, 165-167; on Ohio River, 
167, 171, 70, 91. Population — comprise nine nations, 3a, 123; 
compared with Iroquois, 53, 155; numerous, 159; naturalized 
among Iroquois, a6, 37, 64, 81 ; naturalized among Abenakis, 67, 
69. Language — words and phrases, 53, 141. Nomads, 5a, 123» 
use firearms, 53, 137. 

Relations with other tribes: Hurons — hostile to, 41, 45, 79. 
Iroquois (principally Mohawks) — hostilities with, a8, 115, 43, 
179. 49. 139-141. 147. 153. 51. 83. 169, 179, 189. 197, 243, 295, 
5a, 123, 127-131. 137. 147. 197. 203, 53, 137-159. «5. «55, 54. «79. 
35. 59.56, 29, 60, 185; allied with, 41, 45, 79, 46, 87.64, 59; 
peace with, 53, 243, 57, 81; envoy of , among, 53, 243; ruined by, 
6a, 161. 

Relations with whites: (a) Dutch — allied with, a8, 115; prox- 
imity to, 46, 87; with Dutch trading party, 63, 281. (b) English — 
war with, 60, 133 ; allied with, 64, 47 ; English disguised as, 51. 
(r) French — allied with, 50, 215; Jesuits with 67, 69, 241. 



] INDEX 117 

L'Oorse (Louise), Antoine, Jesuit brother, 71, 134; sacristan and 

tailor at Quebec college, 69, 77; sketch, 71, 169. 
Louvois, Louis François Michel le TéUier, marquis de: writes to 

Denonville, 63, 387; French minister of war (1669-91), 506. 
Louvre, governmental palace in Paris: royal printing-house at, 33, 

a7-«9. *3. a63-a65, 35, 101-103, 43, 29, 43, 95-97, 44, 145-147. 45» 

75-77. I75-177, 47. 121-123. I37, «43. 4». 33-35, «55. 49. »93. 5«. 
los, 335, 53. 31. 85» 227; picture of, shown to Indians, 63, 57; 
council of marine held at, 67, 27, 37. 

Louvres, used as type of palaces, 33, 283, 35, 163, 37, 193. 

Louys, Indian child: baptised, 5, 73. 

Louys, Jesuit lay brother: at Quebec, 6, 55, 69. See also Le Boesme. 

Louyse, Huron child: baptism, 10, 11-13. 

Love, John, one of Merchant Adventurers, 4, 270. 

Love philters, Hurons use, 36, 367. 

Lovelace, Francis, English governor of New York (Manhate): suc- 
ceeds NichoUs (1668), 53, 26a ; Mohawks petition, regarding liquor 
traffic, 139; restricts liquor traffic, 141 ; writes to Pierron regarding 
liquor traffic, 12, 139-141, 262, 67, 41-43, 47. 333* 

Lovell, John: Gasettar, cited, 49, 273, 58, 294, 89. 306, 67, 334, 

68, 325, 7». 342, 390- 
Low, A. P. : ExplortUions m Labrador^ 71, 340. 
Low Sunday, origin of name, 5, 275-276. 
Lowe, J. Allen: *' Lacrosse, '* cited, 10, 328, 71, 354. 
Lower California, Kino in, 68, 335. 
Lower Grranville, N. S., alleged site of Port Royal, i, 307. 
Lowry, Robert: Hist. Mississippi^ 71, 325-326. 
Loyard (Loyar), Jean Baptiste, Jesuit, 71, 134; arrives in Canada 

(1707), 66, 346; studies Abenaki, 346; with Abenakis, i, 15; at St. 

François (1707), 66, 346; at Medoctec (170^31), 346: in Acadia, 

207; memorial tablet regarding his church, 67, 121-125, 337; 

builds chapel (171 7), facing 122; in France (1722), 66, 346-347; 

death (1731), 346-347 ; sketch, 346-347, 71, 162 ; facsimile writing, 67, 

ISO, 71, 213. État dis AbnaquiSy 67, 15-16, 120-125, 328, 71, 204. 
Loyard, Guillaume, Jesuit, 71, 134; sketch, 165. 
Loyola, Ignatius (Inigo de), founder of Jesuit order: at Manresa 

(1522), 60, 321; takes first vows (1534), 8, 311; canonised (162s), 4, 

364; motto, 6, 35, 325; Xavier, most eminent disciple, 43, 298; 

Huguenot blasphemes, 6, 105. Exirciiia Spiriiualsat 60, 391. 
Losier, 71, 133. See Lausier, G. 
Lubec (Lub^), Ger., Indians at, 1, 307. 

Luc, , priest, 63, 135. 

Lucas, Benoit, Jesuit brother, 71, 134; dies of plague, 66, »3; 

sketch, 71, 161. 



118 JESUIT RELA TIONS [LiKto 

Lude, Montagnais convert: pious death, 51, 269. 

Liiçon, Prance, 69, 65; Jesuit seminary at, 68, 313, 33a; Jesuits at, 
persecuted, 69, 41, 61. 

Lucot, Leonard, dii Barbot: slain by Iroquois, 36, 133; sketch, 247. 

Ludington, Mich., Marquette dies near site of, 50, 322. 

Lugo, Juan da, cardinal: De Eucharistia^ cited, 39, 83; Bressani's 
Relatione dedicated to, 38, 207-209. 

Lugró, Angélique de, marriage, 67, 335. 

Luinau, , a peasant, 71, 57. 

Lumber (boards, planks, sawed timber): exported from Canada 
(1636), 9, 169; exported from Louisiana, 69, 215. Early trade in, 9, 
309; cut in Canada, 36, 137; in Louisiana, 69, 211 ; used at Detroit 
mission, 257, 267, 275-a77i 70t ai-23, 31-41. 47-49t 67; prices at 
Detroit mission, 69, 257, 70, 23, 31, 37. See also Timber. 

Lunacy and Ltmatics. See Insanity. 

Lunette de Galilée^ explanation of term, 98, 314. 

Lunette de Holland^ explanation of term, 98, 314. 

Lundy, John P.: '* Zea Maize," cited, 11, 275, 71, 347. 

Luques, , sieur du, lieutenant in Carignan regiment: death, 

50» 147. 
Lusanne, , son of, with Anbéry, 67, 69. 

Lusson, Simon Prançois Daumont, sieur de: arrives in Canada (ca, 
1670), 58, 320; in Northwest, 320; in Acadia (1671), 320; returns to 
Prance (i67i),'32o; sketch, 320. 

Luth. See Du Luth. 

Lutherans: in New Holland, as, 65, 98, 109, 31, 99; on ship, 60, 109. 
See also Calvinists, Heretics, Huguenots, and Protestants. 

Lutzen, battle of (1632), 8, 306. 

Lye: made in New Holland, 31, 95; wood, acorns boiled in, 35, 99. 

Lynch, D., Jesuit: translator, 70, 304. 

Lynx, Canadian (Lynx Canadensis)', identified with chat sauvage 
by some writers, 9i, 315; called *' wolf" by early explorers, 315. 
Lynx ru/us^ 91, 315; seeCsX^ wild. 

Lynxes: in Indian mythology, g, 155, 6, 157, 54, 155; Indians de- 
ceived by, 99, 211; in Illinois country, 65, 73. Skins — trade in, 
at Tadoussac, 4, 207, 69, 95; trade at Chicoutimi, 68, 59, 69, izz; 
dealings in, at Detroit mission, 249; shipped from Detroit to 
Montreal, 261, 70, 49; price (1750), 69, 127, 79, 17; as clothing, 31, 
221. 

Lyonne (Lionne, Lyonnes), Martin de, Jesuit, 43, 23, 25, 71, 134; 
arrives in Canada (1643), 94, 145, 310; with Souriquois, 1, 14; at 
Miscou, 8, 292, 94, I4S> i53> 310, 98, 213, 3^. 39» 34. 57; i& Gaspesia, 
34» 310» 47« 321 ; ^ Perte aids (1647), 95, 289; saves Indian's life, 
30, 133; atMiramichi, 143; renews vows, 201; preaches at Ursuline 



McQm] index 119 

convent, 203, 3a. 77; gift to, 67; at Tadoussac, 87, a3> 35. 38. 4i; 
retums from Tadonssac, 39, 97; goes to Prance, 34, 310, 3a, 105, 
35. 55. 3^. 147-149. 43. 55; at Quebec, 34, 59. 35. 51. 37, 115-117. 
44. 105 ; at Sillery, 35, 33 ; returns from Prance (1653), 38, 183 ; in 
Prance (1656), ^\, 237-239; in Acadia, 34. 3x0, 45, 61; death (i66x), 
34. 310, 47, 63-^5. 221; sketch, 34, 3x0, 71, 146; letter (ReL 1650- 
51), 37. ii-ia, 81-87. 190-191- 
Lyons, Prance, 39, 169, 44, 147, 50, 323. 326. 63. 303. ^. 34«. 68, 
235» 69. 75. 79; Relation of 1616 published at, 3, 25, 4, 9, 167; 
Jesuit province, 15. 348, a8, 309 {see also Jesuits: provinces); 
early church in, 16, 61 ; Celestine convent in, as, 288 ; missionary 
society at, 66, 333; merchants of, in West Indies trade, 70, 314; 
Royal Society of, 71, 168 ; rue Mercière, 3, 25. 

M, sound unknown in Huron lang^iage, 10, 117, 15, 157, 31, 181. 

liabine, , 41* 239-241. 

Maboul, , royal secretary. 43. 95, 45, 75, 175, 47, 121, 137, 48, 

33. 255. 50, los. 235, 83. 3i. 58. 227. 
Mabre-Cramoisy, Sébastien, partner of Cramoisy, 8. 280, 47, X29, 48, 
23. 247. 49. 1B7. 86, 97. 225, 81. 157. 284, 8^. nS. 83. 23, 84. 249. 

%%. 233- 
Macalester CoUeg^, publications, 71, 330. See Neill, £. D. 

Macard, Genevieve, marriage, 6a, 273. 

Macard, Michelle, marriage, 4a, 300. 

Macart (Macar, Macard), Nicolas, dit Champagne: marriage, a8, 

243; voyage by, 30, 195; sketch, a8, 320. 

McCall, James, U. S. commissioner: journal (1830). cited, 84. 306, 

71. 321. 
McCardle, William H. : Hist, Mississippi, 71, 325. 326. 

'Maccarty, de, Prench officer: kindness to Jesuits, 70, 287. 

MacCauley, Clay: Seminole Indians, cited, 9, 308, 71, 29s. 

McClintock, John (and James Strong): Cyclop, Bib, Literature, 

cited, a, 303. 11, 276, 18, 256, 71. 352-353. 
McCord, Pred A. : Hand-baok Canad. Dates, 71. 298. 
Macdonald, A. C. de Léry: Canad, Portraits, 71, 354. 
MacDonald, D.: Atlas of Canada, 71, 363. 
McDonell, Donald, British captain: his regiment, 71, 25, 387. 
Mace, used in theriacs, 86, 327- 
Mace, Jeanne, marriage, 69, 306. 
Mace, René, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 134; at Quebec college, 69, 75; 

sketch, 71, 177. 
Macerata, Italy: Bressani at, 38, 207, 209, 289; seat of bishopric and 

university, 215. 
McGee, W. J.: " Beginning of Marriage," 71, 266. " Zooculture," 

71, 345. Siouan Indians, cited, 63. 266, 71, 296, 376. 



no JESUIT RELA TfONS [ 

McGee, Thomas D'Arcy: Lecture on Jesuits^ cited, i, 3x2. 

McGuire, J. D. : Prim. Drilling. 71, a86. 

Machihiganing, 54, 321. See Lakes: Michigan. 

Metckaua^ 67, 157. See Bear. 

Machkotttench (Machkoutens), 54, 327, 58, 21-23, 37-29, 33, 41, 59, 
36s. 89i 99. 221-223. See liascoutens. 

Mcintosh, Ifontgomery: Charles Langlade^ 71, 336. 

McKenney, Thomas L.: '* Fur-trade at Green Bay/* 71, 321. Ind, 
Tribes^ 71, 271. Memoirs, 71. 340. 

Mackenzie, J. B. : Six-Nations in Canada^ 71, 294. 

Mackerel, 8, 159; enter St Lawrence from sea, 48, 175. 

Mackinac (Mackinaw), 50, 322, 87» 316, 59, 314, 64, 269, 273; tribes 
at, 5, 279. 33. 271, 38, 294, 69, 285 ; Nicolet visits, 8, 295 ; French 
fort at, abandoned, 50, 325; for trade at, 70, 307; Indians attack 
English at, 251; history, 55, 318, 71, 317^318, 323-324; church 
registers, 256. See also Islands, aful Michillimackinac. 

McLachlan, Robert W.: " Nova Scotian Currency," 71, 308. 

MacLean, Rev. John: Canad. Savage Folk, cited, 18, 259, 71, 291. 
Indians, cited, 10, 324, 71, 281. 

McLennan, WiUiam, Canadian writer: aid from, acknowledged, 4, 
4; MS. possessed by, 69, 280. 

McNab, Donald Guthrie, Canadian artist: aid from, acknowledged, 
I, zii; portraits of Jesuits by, zii, 71, 209-210, 400; cited regard- 
ing Marquette portrait, 401, 403. 

Macoun, John: ** Flora of Gaspé,*' 71, 348. "Forests of Canada," 
71, 348. *' Saline Plants in Canada," 71, 348. 

Macquet, Alexandre, Jesuit lay brother: at Quebec college, 69, 77; 
sketch, 70, 83. 

Madame and Mademoiselle: usage of terms, 9, 306-307. 

Madeleine, Huron convert, ai, 287. 

Madockawando, Tarratine chief: St Castin marries his daughter, 
63, 299. 

Madrid, Spain: Sillery at, 14, 286; Real Seminario, 66, 324. 

Madura, India, map of missions in, 66, 314, 317, 325. 

Maffei, Giovanni Pietro, Jesuit historian: Hist. Indicarum, cited, 1, 

73. 71. 368. 
Maffei (Maffeus), Raffaello, Italian historian: sketch, 1, 309. 
Magdelaine, Algonkin convert: I. 18, 199. II. Baptism and mar* 

riage, 34, 235. 
Magdelaine, Christian captive: slain by an Iroquois, 43, 295. 
Magdelaine, Huron girl: her conversion, 30, 37. 
Magdelaine, Montagnais child: baptised, 9, 33. 
Magdalena, Mez., ICino at, 68, 333. 
Magdalene, Onondaga convert: baptised, 43, 303. 



I] INDEX m 

Mftg<1onale, 71, 25. See McDonell, D. 

Uagendie, Charles, Jestdt brother, 71, 134; arrives in Louisiana, 7a, 
19; with Illinois, 69, 79; sketch, 70. 89, 71, 176. 

Magic: black, 15, 55, 19, 97, 115, 129; among Armouchiqtiois, a, 
45 ; among medicine-men, 3, 131, 39, 25 ; ascribed to books, 
by Indians, 18, 41. Sèi also Indians: medicine-men; and Sor- 
ceries. 

ICagister, meaning of term as used in list of Jesuits, 71, 127. 

Magistrates (term applied to members of council) : of Boston, 36, 89- 
93, 109,- 241 ; of Plymouth, 99, Z07 ; of Salem, 95, 97. 

Magistris, Ange de, Jesuit, 18, 33 ; goes to Paraguay, 37. 

Magnesia, in springs, 43, 326. 

Magnetic needle, changes in declination, 39, 39, 41. 

Mag^ouiganbaoult, Joseph Louis, chanter at mission of St Fran- 
çois, 69. 73- 

Mahen, Charlotte, sponsor in baptism, 1, in. 

Maheu, Jacques, Quebec habitant, a8, 147, 43, 53, 46, 179, 183; 
causes discontent among habitants, a8, 157; engaged in fishe r ies, 
31 5t 45. 107; attacked by Iroquois, 35, 43. 

Maheu, René, sponsor in baptism, 1, in. 

Mahicans, 18, 260, a6, 315. See Mohegans. 

Mahingans (Mahinganak, Mahinganois), a8, 275, 36, loi, 103, 37, 
261, 38, 199. 43, 179» 44, 1*3. 46, 87. 47, i07. 49, i39, I4i, I47, 51, 
83, 179, 197, 53, 55. 57. 81. 58, 75, 66, 348. See Loups, and 
Mohicans. 

Maidenhair fern, 66, 343. See Adiantum. 

Maigneret, Pierre, Jesuit brother, 71, 124; arrives in Canada, 50, 
215; among Iroquois, 6a, 243; sketch, 71, 151. 

Maigre, 3a, 87. See Weakfish. 

Mail service: tardiness of, 8, 63; intervals in, 63-65. 

Maillanchau, , drowned, 6a, 167-169. 

Maillard, , abbé, cited, g, 284. 

Maillard, Simon, Jesuit brother, 71, 134; arrives in Louisiana, 7a, 
19; at New Orleans, 69, 79; sketch, 70, 89, 71, 176. 

Maine (state) : climate, 3, 55-57, 63 ; trees, i, 73 ; coast fisheries, 36, 
87, 99; tribes, la, 274, 47, 316 {see also Abenakis, Canibas, 
Etechemins, and Tarratines). Early voyages to — French, a, 27- 
47, 99. 133. 249-267, 291, 3, 43, 265, 273, 292 ; English, a, 31-35. 45- 
47, 263-267, 3, 9, 275 ; early settlements, I, 4, a4, 309, 36, 238. 243, 
65, 271; soil of coast poor, a, 35; Indian war in, 60, 319; province 
formed, 36, 243 ; French and English boundaries, a, 392, 67, 333 ; 
Sagadahoc county, 338; «vorks relating to, 71, 313-315. 342-343. 
Jesuits in, a3, 327; see also Jesuits: missions. Documentary His- 
tory, cited, I, 309, 71, 314. 



IM JESUIT RELA TIONS [MataM 



Maine Historical Society: owns Rale's box, 67, 338. Htsi. CoUic- 
tions, cited, i, 309, a, 292-293, 3, 297. 36, 238-239. 63. 300, 65, 
263. 66, 346, 67, 334. 336. 71, 275, 313-314, 330, 334. 

Mair, Charles: ** Amer. Bison/* 71, 345-346. 

Maison Rustique^ cited, 69, 267. 

liaisonnenve, Paul de Chomedey (Chomaden), 8, 308, 34, 253, 41, 
71, 241. 43. 322, 44t i95t 201-203, 45, 119, 47, 289; commands 
Montreal colonists, ai, 107, 311, aa, 302, 34, 223, 37, 79; interview 
with Iroquets, 5, 289; sponsor in baptism, aa, 139, 213, 34, 233- 
237; takes possession of Montreal, aa, 211, 318; relations with Le 
Borgne, 34, 23^241, 247, 259; confers with Algonkins, 261; death 
of his father, a7, 79; at Montreal, 95; voyages to Prance, 79, 87, 
a8, 231, 239, 36, 147; his friends. 37, 312; defeats increase of pay 
to Canadian officials, a8, 237; at Quebec, 30, 195, 43, 53; dealings 
with Iroquois, 3a, 143-147. 40, 165, 41, 19, 44, 193-195. 223; his 
services to Montreal colony, 36, 165 ; to lead troops to Quebec, 40, 
191; refuses to accept Quebec Hospital noms, 41, 241; organizes 
Montreal militia, 48,295, 50, 319; character and piety, ai, 311, a4, 
225-229. 

Maître des hautes œuvres^ term applied to executioner, 41, 257. 

Maize: etymology of name, 11, 275; other names, a, 296; preparation 
and use, 5, 282, 71, 282; cultivated in Louisiana. 69, 147, 2x1 — 
prolific crops, 219; in barter, 6, 273; history, 71, 348. See also 
Com. 

Maize wheat.- i, 85. See Buckwheat. 

Maizerets (Meseré), Louis Ango de, Quebec ecclesiastic, 47, 309, 48, 
227, 296, 49, 157, 175; sketch, 47, 320. 

Maizieray, error for Maigneret, 6a, 243. 

Major-bigyduce Point, Me. : origin of name, a, 293. 

Makatewanakisitch, Algonkin chief: at Montreal, a9, 145. 

" Makers of America " series: cited, 71, 335. 

Makheabichtichiou (Makhatewebichtichi), Algonkin chief, 11, 
225, 239. 241, 245, 251, 267, la, 149, 179; aided by Jesuits, 
II, III; Le Jeune's labors for his conversion, 149-183; instructs 
pagans, la, 151, 173; his remarks cited, 17, 21, 31, 141, 161-165; 
vision seen by, 15; his good inclinations, 14, 131-133; goes 
to Sillery. 275; harangues tribesmen, 265; conversion, ao, 3x0; 
daughter baptized, 309; apostasy and wretched death, 209, 211, 
ai. 67. 

Makons, an Algonkin: marches against Iroquois, a7, 231. 

Makoua, 58, 41 ; Bear clan of Ojibwas, 293. 

Makoucoué, 58, 41. 293. See Mantoué. 

Makoutens (Makskouteng), 54, 207, 6a,;,X93. See Mascoutens. 

Mai de terre ^ 8, 293. See Scurvy. 



] INDEX 12S 

Malapart, André de, French officer: sponsor in baptism, 8, 253; 

commandant at Three Rivers, 311. 
ICalbaie (Malbaye), Que., 63, 251; origin of name, and location, 6^ 

390; fisheries, 4a, 253; earthquake at, go, 79; trade and agricul- 
ture at, 69, 8i-9S- 
Malet (Malette, Mallet), Antoine, Detroit habitant: orders masses 

said, 69. 251; dealings with mission, 257, 261, 265, 70, 37, 39, 63. 
Malet, Catherine, marriage, 70, 306. 
Maledtes, la. 274. Seg Marechites. 

Malherbe, , Jesuit, cited, 5a, 87. 

Malherbe, François, Jesuit brother, 46, 173, 71, 134; burial, 68, 41; 

Laure finds his grave, 71, 147; sketch, 46, 302-303, 71, 147. 
Mallemain, Pierre de, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 134; sketch, z6o, 161. 
Mallery, Garrick: Gesture-signs, 71, 273. Ind, Pictograpks^ 71, 

286. Ind. Picture-writing, 71, 286. Ind. Sign Language, 71, 

373> 374. Cited, ao, 306, 61, 270. 
Mallet, 69, 257, 261, 265. See Malet, A. 
Mallet, Edmond: Le G ardeur de St, Pierre, 71, 336. Philippe de 

Juncture, 71, 336. 
Malot, Louis, Jesuit brother, 71, 124; drowned, 4, 235, 255; sketch, 

?■, 139- 
Malouins (Maluines), people of St. Malo, France, 1, 173, 316, 67, 63; 

trade with Indians, i, 67, 4, 256; called Samaricois, i, 163; in 

Acadia, a. 27-31. 179. 229, 305, 3, 187, 211, 4, 27; in Canada, 3, 43, 

69, 292; name applied to French-Canadians, 67, 335. 

Malouminek (Maloumines), 44, 247, 58, 275, 289. See Menomonees. 

Malt-kiin, at Quebec, burned, 48, 235. 

Malta, Knights of, 8, 287, 306, 9, 306, 11, 47, 276, ao. 309, a4, 63. 
See Islands, and St John, Knights Hospitallers of. 

Maluines (les), appellation of Falkland Islands, 67, 335. 

Maluquer, Dtifau de, French writer: '* Maison d'Abbadie," cited, 

71. 380. 

Mamantouensa, Kaskaskia chief: visits New Orleans, 68, 203, 213, 
215; speech by, 205. 

Manaboeho (Manabush, Michabou, Minabô'sho, Missibici, Naai- 
bozhu), Algonquain deity, 50, 289. 328, 54> i55, i57. 7". 276. 278; 
called ** the Great Hare," 5, 286, 54, 201; the first man, ao, 316; 
legends regarding, 5, 286, 6, 328, 9, 308, 10, 320, la, 33, 270, 54, 201; 
citations referring to, la, 270. See Hare, Great; also Messou. 

Manate (Manade, Manat, Manate, Manath, Manathe, Manatte, Man- 
hate, Manhattan, Mannate), Indian name applied to island and to 
Dutch settlement, 8, 301, as, 63, 31, 97, 36, loi, 103, 4a, 41, 44, 

97, 50. 67, 5». "3, 139- 57. «7. 58, 179. ^O. »33. *a. 157. 63. 179. 
64, 99, 66, X89, 67, 41; etymology, as, 289; site of New York 



Uè JESUIT RELA TJONS [ 

Maiiate (continued)^ 
City, 35, a88; distance from English settlements, 36, 240; rea^ 
tnred by Dutch, 57, 31. See aisû New Amsterdam, ami New York. 

Ifanawa, Wis., regarded as a mission site, 88, 321. 

Manawan, district tributary to Chicoutimi, 69, 109. 

liaace (Manse), Jeanne, 35, 31, 37, 266, 41, 241 ; arrives in Canada. 
^1» 3XI-31S; sponsor in baptism, aa, 139, 213, 34, 235, 37, 103; at 
Montreal, 37, 77 ; her friends, 312 ; gift to Lalemant, 381 31 ; voy- 
ages to and from Prance, 55, 44, 117, 47, 289, 48, 235; feasts 
Indians, 36, 203 ; opposes establishment of Quebec ntms at Mont» 
TeaX^ 258; gifts to Quebec parish church, 4a, 281; conducts hoe» 
pital, 44, 322; brings nuns to Montreal, 45, 1x1 ; biography, as, 

318, 7«. 334. 

Manchipin, an Abenaki: conversion, 6a, 143. 

Manchot, Oneida chief: friendly to Milet, 64, 69. 

Mandans, Siouan tribe, 44, 325 ; tobacco used by, 10, 325. 

Mandrake, 13, 270. See May apple, and Podophyllum. 

Mangouch, Estienne, Nipissing convert, 33, 159; baptism and piety, 
>7» 57-61; teaches his lang^uage to Jesuits, 57; exhorts pagans, 
30, Z2i; escapes from Iroquois, 37, 103; at Quebec, 38, 181. 

Manhate Indians, found by Dutch on Manhattan Island, as. s88. 
See also Manate. 

Manhattan, 8, 301, a8t 388, 36, 240. See Manate. 

Mania, for human flesh, among Crées, 46, 263. See also Cannibal- 
ism. 

Ma'nido, ao, 307. See Manitou. 

Manikou, Sébastien, Abenaki convert: piety, 63, 35, 51. 

Manikwagan, fur trade at, 69, 109. See Lakes and Rivers: Manicou- 
agan. 

Manikwagan Indians, 89t 61. 

Manisounag^ouch (Manitounagouch), or Mansounok, Montagnais 
appellation of Sept Isles, 89» 57' 

Manitou (Ma'nido), Algonkin divinity, 6, 199, 201, 7, 181, 183, 287, 

8, 261, 9, 75, 113, 119. 213, II, 167, 169, 195, 259, 263, 265. la, 9, 185. 
ao, 135, 137. 269, 307. a9, 143, 3», aoi. 273, 303, SS, 27. 38. «31. 
4% 67, 80, 271, 84. 219. 225, 229-235. M, 129, 87. 283, 285. 289, 293, 
299. 8^. 55. 57. 59. 103. I33. I43. US. 64, 235, 66, 233, 241, 263. 67, 
159, 161 ; application of term, la, 7, 143, 89. 129, 66, 235; number, 

9. 125, 80, 285, 66, 1 59-161; good and bad, la, 7, 13; of animals, 
33. 25, 155, 87« 273, 67» 159 — this belief results from spirit wor- 
ship, 13, 271 ; feared by Indians, i, 287, 37, 159-161, 225 ; animals 
reg^tfded as, 89. 223, 66, 233, 237-239, 67, 161 — symbols of, 13, 
271; invoked, 6, 205, a4. 71. ^^^ 167-iÉ^. 3». 201-203, 243. 33. I55. 
88, 63, 66, 233, 263; consulted, 8. 157-I59. 187, 219, 286, 8, 273. 9. 



] INDEX V» 

1x3*115« 339* 33» 35« 4l> 191-X93, 66, 233; ofFerìngs made to, 7, 89. 
■O, 335* 61, 149, 64, Z87, 66, 333, 241. Characteristics, 6, iX5* X75; 
called " master of life," 11, 113, 66, 235; causes death, la, 7, si — 
and sickness, 9, 81, X17, 211, aa, 287, 50, 285, 293; cures illness» 
a6, xax; feeds upon flames, 6, 1x5; noises drive away, 9, 53, isz, 
40, 243; repelled by foul odors, 19, 71; causes thunder, la, 27; 
appears in dreams, 18, 165, a7, 41; how pictured, 5, 285; legends 
regarding, 286. Feasts to, 57, 295; saluted at calumet dance, 59> 
133-Z35 ; songs in honor of, 65, 65 ; pleased with indecent dances, 
9, ZZI. His wife, 6, 175, 189; malicious nature, la, 31; causes 
sickness, 9, 115; the sun her heart, la. 31. 

Manitou, personal (fetich of Indians), 6, 207, 13, 270, aa, 73, 95, 229, 
3x7, ^, 91. i»5. «4. 251, 253, as, 123-127, a6, xsi, 267. a9, 201; 
described, 31, 191, 66, 233, 67, x 59-161 ; of warriors, 66, 233, 68, 147; 
of medidne-men, 66, 233, 68, 1 51-157; determined by dreams, 61, 
149; superstitious regard for, aa, 3x8; symb<dized by animals or 
other objects, 13, 271, 67, z6x. 

Manitougache (Manitouchatche, Manitougatche), Joseph, dti La 
Nasse, Montagnais convert, 5, 143, 173, 175, X85, 213, 6, 137; cul- 
tivates land, 8, 57, 95, 6, IZ9; his children, 5, 57, 63, ixi, 137, 6, 
127, 137; on friendly terms with Jesuits, 5, 93-95, 11 7-1 19, X67, 6, 
III; winters near Quebec, 5, 103-107; builds a house, 121; goes 
to Cap de Tourmente, X63 ; warns French, 281 ; conversion, bap- 
tism, and pious death, 281, 6, 117^125. 

Manitouabewich, Marie, Algonkin convert: marries Frenchman, 5, 
288. 

Manitouiriniou, Indian appellation of Nicolet, aj, 277-279. 

Manitoulin (Manitoualain, Manitulain, Ekaentouton), 61, 127, X31; 
home of Ottawas, 14, 286. 

Manitounagouch, Jean Baptiste, Algonkin convert: slain by Iroquois, 
30, 235-239, 255. 

Manitounagwy, Jean Baptiste, Iroquet convert: piety, 31, 279-281. 

Manitousiou (Manitousiouekhi, Manitousiouet), 6, 125, 7, 69, 9, 83, 
la, 7, 9. Seg Indians: medicine-men. 

Manlius, N. Y., Indian village site near, 8, 299, 41, 255, 258, 51, 294. 

Manna, a4, X17; used in hospital, 51, X13, 5a, X07. 

Mannate, 53, 157. See Manate. 

Manor, seigniorial, 71, 71, 8x. See Seigniories. 

Manresa, Spain: location, 60, 321; Loyola's grotto at, 225, 32X. 

Manse, 35, 31. See Mance, Jeanne. 

Mansfeld, Ernest von, German commander, 1, 197; sketch, 316. 

Manslaughter, punishment for, 49, X7x. See also Penalties. 

Mansounok, Indian appellation of Sept Isles, 59, 57. 

Mantane, 3a, 273. See Rivers: Matane. 



126 JESUIT RELA TIONS [MMto 

Mante, Cosme de, Capuchin, superior of Acadian miasiofis: visits 

Sillery, 36, 351 ; letter by, 227. 
ICantouchensa {Tête d*Ours), Peoria chief: envoy to Quebec, 66, si • 
ICantoue (Mantoué, Mantouek, Nantoué), sedentary tribe at Lake 

Superior, 18, 231 ; location, 44. 249, 325. See also Makouooné. 
Ifantoueabeouichit, an Algonkin, 11, 91. 
Kantwetchlmat, an Algonkin: death, 16, 53-55. 
Mantlets, worn by Iroquois in battle, 45, 253, 46, 213. See also 

Indians: warfare. 
Manuscripts, i, 127, a, 287, 300, 302, 4, 366, 67, 341 ; ColL Qairam- 

bault, 63, 297; of Lewis Cass, 71, 263; of Maréchal Levis, 344; at 

Ursuline monastery, Quebec, 379; Jesuitica, 225-333, 337, 338, 

241 ^Af SS. Socjesu, cited, 15, 149, 239, ao, 301, 35, 383. 

" MSS. relat à Nouv. Prance," cited, 48, 296, 49, 275, 55, 333, 64, 

«69, 67, 333, 334, 7". 253- " MS. of 1653," cited, as, 289, 31, 390, 

39, 266, 40, 255, 71, 211, 333; occasion of its compilation, 38, 395. 

See also Archives, and Libraries. 
Manus Dei^ ointment: composition, 51, 389. 
Man-wolf, 14, 153. See Werewolf. 
Maouatchihitonnam, Hurons hold assemblies at, 34, 155. 
Maple (Acer)^ 58, :i3i, 60, 217; wood used for bows, 15, 345. Sap 

called ** maple-water,'* 56, loi ; how obtained, 6, 373; sugar made 

from, 273, 329; how made, 67, 95. 
Mapleton, N. Y., Indian village site near, 51, 293. 
Maps. I See Cartography and maps. 
Maquas (Maquois), Dutch appellation of Mohawks, 8, 300, 31, 97, 

115. "7. 36, 238. 
Maquet, Alexis, Jesuit, 71. 134; ordained to perpetuate order (1767), 

172; sketch, 172. 
Mar Bermejo (Vermillion Sea), Spanish name for Gulf of California, 

59. 307. 
Mar de Cortes, Spanish name for Grulf of California, 59, 307. 
Mar del Nort, 3, 291. See Oceans: Atlantic. 
Marachites, a, 292. See Marechites. 
Marameg, western tribe (probably Algonquian): location, 54, 133, 

38, 41 ; unite with other tribes, 18, 259. 
Maranham, Brazil, Prench colony at, 8, 387. 
Maratchikatik. Montagnais chief: meaning of name, 68, 65 ; sickness 

and death, 6x^5. 
Marble, 46, 365, 47, 193; in Nova Scotia, 3, 397; at Moulin Baude, 

7i 309; at Isle Perrot, 58, i35;'white, 63, 387. 
Marblehead, Mass., founded, 36, 343; DruUlettes at, 95. 
ICarbœuf, 70, 305. See Godfroy. 
Marbois, Prançois Barbé de: Louistane, 71, 336. 



Marest] INDEX 127 

Maic, Pray , Franciscan missionary: explorations, 89> 307. 

Marc, Jean Jacques, Jesoit brother, 71, 134; sketch, 161. 

Marc-Antoine, Algonkin convert: pious death, 34, 169-171. 

Marcasite: sent to Prance, 63, 291; defined, 307. 

Marcel, Gabriel: edits Factum, 3, 299. Rgproductians^ cited, 71, 360. 

Marcellinus, Ammianus, Latin historian: cited, i, 73. 

Marchand, , principal of Montreal college: Plessis writes to, 

71. 8, 16, 109-113, 208, 385. 

Marcol, Gabriel, Jesuit, 71, 134; arrives in Canada (1733)1 <H^* ^87; 
takes vows as spiritual coadjutor (1727), 287; superior of Canadian 
missions (1748-54), 75, 287, 71, 125, 398; rector of Quebec college, 
69, 75; complains of Toumois's recall, 237; death (i7S5)> 287; 
sketch, 287, 71, 125, 167 ; circular letter on, 231. 

Marcouz, abbé P. X. (?), Iroquois name of, 17, 242. 

Mare Ochceanum, 3, 291. See Oceans: Atlantic. 

ICaréchal, Nicolas, dit La Marche, edits Letins édifiantes, 66, 
299, 310-31 1. 

Marechites (Marachites, Maledtes, Maliseet), Etechemin tribe: loca- 
tion, I, 308, a, 292; Armouchiquois identified as, 1, 308; alliances, 
la, 274; village of, 67, 121, 71, 162. 

Maremiten, phonetic rendering of Merrymeeting Bay, q.v., 36, 87, 
239. 

Maeist, Pierre Gabriel, Jesuit, 59, 311, 66, 338, 339, 348, 71, 134; 
arrives in Canada (1694), 64. 147, 279, 65, 264; chaplain of Hudson 
Bay expedition (1694), 64, 279, 65, 264, 66, 77; captured by Eng- 
lish, 65, 264; in England, 264; sent to I^'ance, 264; returns to 
Canada, 26s; with Illinois tribes (principally Kaskaskias, 1698- 
1714). I, 35, 65, 101-103. 265, 66, 25, 123. 209, 247. 287-289; de- 
scribes hardships of Binneteau, 65, 263 ; filibusters give present 
to, 66, 139-141 ; with Bergier {ca. 1712), 257; journey to Mackinac, 
267-283 ; at mission of St Joseph, 281, 285 ; leaves Mackinac, 285 ; 
death (1714), 65, 265: good linguist, 6^7X1 265, 66, 117; zeal, 65, 
69-71; influence civilizing, 265; sketch. 264-265, 71, 158; circular 
letter on, 65, 265, 66, 340, 71, 231. 
Writings: letters — cited, 58, 296; (1695, Iter ei Missio) 64. 8, 

20, 261-267, 272, 71, 201; (1699) 65, 7. 14, 79-85» 356-257. 7«. 202; 

(1702) 66, 7, 12, 37-41, 297, 71, 202-203; (ca. 1706) 66, 7. I3-I5. 

67-H9, 298-334, 71, 203; (171a) 66, 8, 19-22, 219-295, 335, 71, 203.': :; 

Marest, Joseph Jacques (Jean), Jesuit, brother of Gabriel,* 71, 134; 
arrives in Canada (ca. 1686), 66, 338; studies Indian tongues (1686- 
88), 338; at Mackinac (1688, 1700-14), 207, 267, 283-285, 338; with 
Sioux, 107, 338; superior ^of Ottawa missions, ^267, 338; at mission 
St Joseph, 281; death (1725)» 338; sketch, 338,; 71,; 156; writes to 
Cadillac {ca, 1701), 228. 



1» JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

Mareuil, Pierre de, Jesuit, 71, 134; with Iroquois, i, 51, 317; sketch, 
71, 163-164. Sit Marieul. 

Margaae (Morgan). See La Valtrie. 

Margonne, , director of Hundred Associates, ilff, 79, 36, 73. 

Margontier, , drowned, 43, 51. 

Margry, Pierre, French historian: researches regarding La Salle, 71, 
32a. Navig, Fran,, cited, a, 304, 3, 29a, 5, 276, 71, 256. MSS, 
relat. Nouv, France, cited, 4, 258, 8, 288, 63, 304. Décûuv. H 
éiaò., cited, 4, 263, 44, 322, 53. 303, 57, 317, 58, 291, 394, 59. «99. 
314-315. 63, 305, 64. 279, 65, 262, 268. 270, 272, 273. 66. 338, 68, 
329. 330, 335. 7". »28, 243-244. 246-249, 252-256, 258-261, 263, 377, 
379. Rei, et mem, inédits, cited, 63, 305, 71, 256. 

Marguerie (ÎCarg^ery), François, interpreter for Algonkins, ai, 29; 
arrives in Canada (ca, 1627), ■<>, 320; with Indians during English 
occupation, 320-321 ; at Three Rivers, 321 ; estate granted to, 331 \ 
winters with Island Algonkins (1635-36), 73-75, 321 ; at Ihonatiria, 
75; captive among Iroquois (1641), 321, ai, 27-45, ^7. 263; brought 
back to Three Rivers (1641), 10, 321, ai, 35, 39, 44, 97-99; writes 
history of captivity, ai, 33; marriage (1645), 10, 321, 37, 89. 312; 
drowned (1648), 10, 321, 3a, 87-89, 137; river named for, a6, 31s; 
character, 10, 310, 3a, 137; maniage of widow, 30, 304; sketch. 

10, 320-321. 

Marguerie, Marie, sister of François: marriages, 9, 305, 10, 321, 47. 
315 ; mother of François Hertel, 47, 83-87. 

Marguerite, of France: sponsor in baptism, 1, 77, iii. 

Marguerite (Margueritte), Abenaki convert, 6a, 25, 63, 67, 79; piety, 
6a, 27. 143. 

Marguerite, Algonkin child: I. Baptism and death. 8. 25. II. Bap- 
tised, II, 131. 

Marguerite, Algonkin convert: pious death, a4, 177. 

Marguerite, Eskimo convert: baptized, 45, 69. 

Marguerite, Iroquois convert : death, 65, 33-39. 

Marguerite, Souriquois convert: baptized, a8, 23-25. 

Marguerite Thérèse, Montagnais girl: educated in France, ii, 99; 
baptism, 99. 

Margueritte, Algonkin convert, 6a, 147. 

Maria Theresa, queen of France, aa, 215. 

Marie, Abenaki convert, 6a, 143, 63, 77. 

Marie, Algonkin convert: I. Baptism and death, 7, 297. II. Bap- 
tism and death, 11, 111-119. 

Marie, Algonkin g^l: I. Sickness, baptism, and death, 8, 259-969. 

11. Baptism, 9, 23, 27. III. Baptism, 9, 59. IV. Baptism, 11, 83. 
V. Baptism and death, 11, 93. VI. Baptism, il, 137. 

Marie, Attikamèg^e girl: baptized, a4, 75. 



manUl INDEX 1» 

Marie, Fox convert: piety, 58, 45-47. 

Marie, Huron child: baptised, 8. 133. 

Marie, Hiiron girl: at Ursuline seminary, 36, 213, 41, aai. 

Marie, Huron convert: I. Baptism and death, 10, 13. II. Baptism 

and death, 13, 29-31. 
Marie, Illinois convert, 64, 335; piety, 193-197, 311-229. See also 

Accault. 
Marie, Iroquois convert: I. Piety, 53, 185. II. Welcomes Milet, 

^4. 77. 

Marie, Montagnais child: I. Baptism and death, 8, 253. II. Baptism, 

9. 29- 

Marie, Montagnais convert: instructs Laure, 68, 55. 

Marie, Papinachoisgirl: baptised, 59, 31. 

Marie, Pottawattomie convert: baptised, 51, 39. 

Marie Anne, Indian girl: baptised, 54, 277. 

Marie Joseph, 38, 143. See St. Joseph, Marie de. 

Marie Magdelaine: boarded at habitant's, 3a, 103; leaves Quebec, 

105. 
Marie Magdelaine, Algonkin girl: piety, aa, 187. 
Marie Magdelaine, Montagnais girl, daughter of N06I Negabamat: 

cured of sickess, 3a, 277. 
Marie Magdeleine, Abenaki convert: pious death, 6a, 147. 
Marie Magdeleine, Indian convert, 6a, 135. 
Marie Magdeleine, Iroquois girl: I. Baptised, 4a, 115. II. Baptised, 

54. »77. 
Marie Magdalene, Montagnais girl, educated in France: baptism 

and death, 11, 99. 
Marie Thérèse, Hospital nun. See Bourdon, Marie Thérèse. 
Marieul, Pierre (Peter) de, 1, 31. See Mareuil. 
Mariland, 36, 11 1. See Maryland. 

Marin, , French-Canadian officer: defeats English, 70, iiz. 

Marine: officers of, inspect pirate ship, ap, 31; minister of, makes 

statement regarding Jesuit revenues, 69, 28$. 
Marinette, Wis., location, 54, 308. 
Marisco, marine rush: mats made from, 1, 281. 
Markets, held by nomad tribes, 54, 135. See 0ÌSO Barter, and Pur 

trade. 
Markham, Clements R., editor, 71, 242. 
Marmette, Joseph: Canada et les Basques, 71, 303. 
Marmot: hoary (whistler; nightingale; Arctamys pruimosus), 6, 

271; described, 313-31$, 329; used as food, 8, 159, 306, 38, 241. 

Woodchuck {Arctamys monax\ 8, 306; used as food, 159. 
Marois, C. A., Mgr., vicar-general, Quebec: aid from, acknowledged» 

JO, 16. 



180 JESUIT RELA TIONS [MimmnliM 

Maixmmine, i8, 231^ See Menomonees. 

Marot, , Basque captain: at Quebec, 43, 4$; sails for France, 

53- 
Marquemont, de, sponsor in baptism, a, 157. 

'* Marquisates: of the Mississippi," term explained, 67, 281 ; Dusablé; 

in Canada, 71, 87. 
Marquette family, 71, 400, 402-403. 

MAKQUvm, Jacques (James), Jesuit, 71. 134; date of birth, 401; 
arrives in Canada (1666), 50, 173, 201, 322, 71, 402; studies Algon- 
kin language (1666-68), 50, 203, 322; as linguist, 59, 153, 205; 
death (167s). 80, 3^3, 59t 191-201, 235, 315, 60, 129, 223, éa, 211; 
remains interred at Point St. Ignace, 59, 201-205, 7i» 150, 229; 
succeeded by Alloues, 60, 149, 61, 157; biography, 50, 322-323, 
59, 205-211, 71, ISO, 232, 234, 242; voyages of, described on 
Raffeix's map, 47, 320; voyages, 71, 261, 317, 341, 358; memoirs 
on, cited, 50, 322 ; river and places named for, 322 ; qualifications 
as an explorer, 59, 307-30S; statue, at Washington, 50, 322, 71, 
210; facsimile writing, 59, 212, 71, 212; alleged portrait, 210. 
400-^403. 

Missionary labors and explorations : with western Algonquian 
tribes (1668-^), 4if 257, 51, 149, 71, 402; replaces Allouez in Ottawa 
mission (1669), 1, 34, 50, 322; with Ottawas (St. Esprit mission), 1, 
33» 5>> 361, 55, 171. 59> 69, 87, 6a, 211; at Saultde Ste. Marie (1669). 
5a, 213. Relations with Sioux, 54, 167; gives religious pictures to, 
56, 115-117; driven from St. Esprit mission, i, 34, 50, 322. With 
Kiskakons, 54, 177, 59, 201; fotmds and maintains St Ignace mission 
at Mackinac (1671), i. 34, 317. 5©. 3«, 55. ï7I. 319^ 56, 117, 57. «49. 
59, 91, 219. Laval appoints, vicar-general (ca. 1672), 65, 53, 262. 
Plans to visit Illinois, 54, 167, 185; with Illinois tribes (1673-74), i, 
33. 59. 169, 189. 235, 60, 129, 61, 157, 6a, 211, 64, 279; Kaskaskias 
give calumet to, 65, 121-123; founds mission among Kaskaskias 
(1674), 50, 322; names mission of Immaculate Conception, 59, 308, 
65, 55; wiûi Arkansas tribes, 59, 119-121, 69, 301; with Metchi- 
gamea, 59, 151-153. 3i3. ^5. 264; in Louisiana, i, 36. Meets Joliet 
(1673). ». 34. 58, 95; first voyage (1673). ". 34. 50. 32«. 5». 65. 71. 59. 
14-17, 87-163, 293-299, 310-31 1, 65, 266; obtains Miami guides, 59, 
105 ; explores Mississippi River and valley, 50, 322, 324, 58, 95, 59, 
67, 89-163, 235 ; discovery of Mississippi attributed to, go, 322, 58, 93- 
109, 66, 245; at Arkansas River, 50, 322, 65, 117; sees '* painted 
monsters," 59, 312; with Chicasas, 313; returns to Green Bay (1673), 
80, 322; second voyage (1674-75), 59. iB, 165-201; at Sturgeon Bay 
portage (1674), 167, 314; compared to St Francis Xavier, 60, 129. 
Writings: MS. journal preserved at Montreal, i, 34; Dablon edits 
papers of, 41, 257; MS. found among effects, 59, 211; writes 



Manàm] INDEX 131 

memoirs of voyages, 3x5. Letters— (J?^/. 1669-70) 54, 7, 13-14, 169- 

195, 71, 196; {^ReL 1672-73) 57, 7. 16-17, 249-363, 30$, 7i. 197- J<w«'- 

nals— first voyage (1673), 59, 7. i4-i7, 89-163, 293-299, 71. 198; 

second voyage (1674-75). 59. 7-«. i7. 165-183, 293-299, 71, 198; cited. 

80, 322, 59, 165, 71, 215. Voyages (Lenox ed.), cited, 60, 311. 

Maps of Mississippi River — (1673-74) 59, 10, 108, 294-296, 299, 71, 

21$; (Thevonot*s, published as Marquette's) 59, 10, 154, 295-296, 71, 

215; cited, 59, 312. 

Marquette, Mich., named for Marquette, 50, 322. 

Marquette, Wis., named for Marquette, 50, 322. 

Marquisate of Dusablé, 71, 87. 

Marriages: legal difficulty in, 30, 159, 304; rights of Jesuits to 
solemnise, 191. Contracts — first, in New Prance, 3a, 312; 
witnesses of, 47, 317; portion, provided for Huron girl, 289; 
licenses required by English commandants, 71, 43; beginning of, 
266. French — first, in Canada (1617), a, 308; early, 5, 288, 6, 327, 
8, 295. 9, 307, 3». 311. 34. 246. 37. «67; of habitants, 8. 295-296, 
309. 3". 9. 305-306, II, 278, la. 275, ai, 318, a7, 89, 93, 97-99, 311- 
314, aS, 235, 315-320, 30, 304, 3«. 311-313. 34, 246, 35. 289-291, 36, 
147, 245-249, 37. 265-267, A^. 297, 300-301. 43. 321-324, 44. 321- 
322, 45, 229, 256, 270, 272. 46, 302-303, 47, 289, 315, 317-318, 6a. 
273. 63, 300, 303. 64, 275. 279. 65, 271, 66, 340, 342, 345. 67, 331- 
332. 334-336. 338, 6S. 334, 69. 291, 293-294, 298, 306-310, 70, 73-77, 
71. 395-396 ; of soldiers and habitants, 50. 245 ; frequent, in Canada, 
51, 167; of negroes and whites, 69, 145. Indian marriages (x^^ 
Indians: marriage; and Polygamy). Marriages between Indians 
and whites {see Indians: marriage). 

Mars: temple, on Montmartre, 8, 311; figpire, on medallion given to 
Indians, 70, 97. 

Marsac, François de, son of Jacob: dealings with Detroit mission, 
70, 45. 63; marriage, 308; sketch, 308. 

Marsac, Jacob de, French officer: sketch, 70, 308. 

Marsac. Mme. , orders masses. 69, 261. 

Marseilles, France, 63, 273 ; plague in. 68, 77, 325. 

Marshall, Charles D., son of Orsamus H, : owner of Relations ^ 4a« 293. 

Marshall, Orsamus Holmes, book-collector: possesses Relations, 4a, 
293; cited, 41, 258, 69, 293, 298. ''Copper Regions,*' cited, 50, 
327, 71, 321. '* De Celeron's Expedition," cited, 69, 294, 295, 297. 
**Champlain's Expedition." 71, 288. La Salle with Senecas, 
cited, 8, 293. 302, 71, 294. Niagara Frontier, cited, 8, 305, ai. 
313, 314, 316, 71, 316. Historical Writings, 71, 321. 

Marshalsea of Quebec, 56, 303. 

Marshes: in lower Canada, 17, 233, 4a, 45; in western country. 6a, 
207-209; in Mississippi country, 66, 271. See also Swamps. 






132 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

Maraolet Seg Sasousmat. 

Marsolet, Lcmise, daughter of Nicolas: marriage, 43, 321. 

Marsolet, Marie, daughter of Nicolas: attends ballet, 30, 159; mar- 
riage» 304; sketch, 304. 

Marsolet (MarsoUet), Nicolas, sieur de St Aignan (Agnan), French 
interpreter, ai, 91, 311 ; arrives in Canada {ca. 1608 or 1613), St 
383; with English, 383; teaches Montagnais to Jesuits, 113; with 
Indians, 8, 295 ; marriage {ca, 1636), 5, 283 ; visits sick Indian, 14, 
141; sponsor in baptism, 18, 113; commander of boat, 3i, 85-87; 
baptises Montagnais, 24, 133 ; rouses discontent among habitants 
(1646-47), 5> 2B4, a8, 155-157. 315; land granted to, 5. 384, 71, 85; 
at Tadoussac, 30, 175, 193; gifts to, 36, 113; in Tadoussac trade, 
5, 284, 36, 127; Suite's sobriquet for, 5, 384; death (1677), 284; 
marriages of daughters, 30, 304, 43, 321; sketch, 5, 283-284; 
descendants of, 284. 

Marsolet, Mme. Nicolas {née La Barbide) : furnishes blessed bread, 
38, 153; causes discontent among habitants, 157; gift to Quebec 
parish church, 42, 279. 

Marsouin, 68, 89. See Porpoise, white. 

Marteau, , sponsor in baptism, a, 159. 

Martel, Joseph Nicolas, Canadian Jesuit, 71, 134; serves novitiate in 
France, 181; sketch, 181. 

Martens, fur-bearing animal: in Canada; 6, 271; in Hudson Bay 
region, 45, 231 ; near Moisic River, 69, 117, 123 ; not found in south, 
171; method of hunting, 6, 307; missionaries hunt, 63, 365; 
Indians himt, 69, 99; used as food, 6, 271; in Huron mythology, 
10, 131. Skins— trade in, 4, 113, 207, 68, 59, 69, 95, iii, 115, 121; 
moths spoil, 67, 69 ; lost through restrictions upon trade, 69, 85 ; 
fine quality from Mistassins and Moisic River district, 117; prices 

(1750). 127. 

Martial, , sieur, Montmagny's secretary: wounded by Iro- 
quois, aa, 379. 

Martianus, , physician: invents Martiatum, 51, 389. 

Martiatum, ointment: origin of name, 51, 289; composition and 
properties, 289. 

Martin, , French official: sponsor in baptism, a, 159. 

Martin, - - (" little " ), ill-treated by Hurons, 8, 81. 

Martin, , sieur (Abraham?), visits mine (1664), 48, 237. 

See Matchounon. 
in, Souriquois chief: with French, a, 143; Fléché baptises, 147; 
pious death and burial, 149. 

Martin, Abraham, dit L'Écossais: marriage (1613), 33, 312; arrives 
in Canada (16x4), 313; remains in Canada after conquest (1638-29), 
3 13 ; engagé of Hundred Associates, 313 ; land granted to (' ' Heights 



MitftlnJ INDEX ISS 

of Abraham "), 313; engages in seal-fishery, 93; gift to, a8, 143; 
royal pilot (1647), 3a, 3za; accused of rape (1649), 34, 41; death 
(1664), 3 J, 312; his family, a8, 314-31 S ; marriage of daughters, 
J7, 312, j8. 315, 319» 3^. 31«. 36. 247; sketch, 31a. 

Martin, Algonkin lad: baptised, 11, B3, 85. 

ICartin, Amador, disputation by, 50, 213. 

Martin, Antoine, dit Montpellier, soldier and shoemaker: marriage, 
a8, 203, 317; death, 318; sketch, 317-318. 

Martin, Archer: H, B, C, Land Tenures, 71, 308. 

Martin, Claude, manufacturer in France: marriage, 16, 255; sketch, 

ass. 
Martin, Claude, fiis^ Benedictine priest: publishes corre s pondence 

of mother (Marie de l'Incarnation), 16, 256; assistant to Father 

General (1668), 257; death (1696), 2S7; religious works, 257; sketch, 

aSS-aS7. 
Martin, Deborah B. : Hist. Green Bay, 71, 321-322. 

Martin, Felix, Jesuit, antiquarian and collector: services as collector, 
3a, is; arrives in Canada (1842), 4, 271; original investigation on 
Relations, 1,42; Jesuit archives restored to (1843), a8, 305; begins 
collection (1843), 71, 120; begins list of Canadian missionaries 
(1843), 71, 121; visits Ste. Marie (1845), 5, 294; Mollet writes to 
(1846), 71, 231-232; founder and designer of St. Mary's College 
building, 4, 271, a8, 306— its first rector (1851), 4, 271, 3a, 15; 
makes gift to University of New York, j8, 306; superior at Quebec 
residence (1857), 4, 271, a8, 305; copies, translates, and edits Jesuit 
documents, etc., i, 43-44. 303, a, 272, 4, 247* 272, 8, 285, 6, 319, 
II, 271, 15* 239> >7> 239> >9> ^Si» so, 301, 309, 33, 321, J5, 283, 30. 
299, 39. «>7. 33. 371. 34. 237. 35. 385. 36, 233, 250, 39, 265. 4>. 
250, 45, 263, 50, 315. 3^3. 51. 391, 57. 30^313. 59. 299, 301. 
302, 60, 312, 313, 317. 63, 296, 64, 271, 66, 297. 69. 280, 71, 226, 
239, 232, 389, 7a, 9; editorial déficiences, 60, 316; returns to France 
(1861), 4. 271 ; ecclesiastical offices in France, 271-272 ; death (1886), 
71, I2z; biography, 4, 271-272, 71, 238; portrait, 3 J, frontispiece, 
15, 71, 209; cited, a, 288, 5. «94. >7. 84«. ao, 305-306, J7, 311, 33. 
27a, 34. «47. 253-aS4. 4«. «57, 4^. 297, 302. 57, 308-309, 312-313, 58, 
294, 297, 59. 305-307. 310, 7«, 400; works, 4, 272. Life of Biard, 
dtcd, I, 312. 71. «31- Bressani, cited, a, 303, 5. 275, 293, 295, a6, 
31S. 36, 245. 3«. «9S. 39. 265-267, 40, 255; bibliography, 38. 290- 
291. Jogues, cited, 5, 293, 295. 9, 314. 17, 241, 19. 270, 27a, a8, 
308, 31. 389-290, 71, 239: (Shea's éd.), cited, 13. 269. 71, 239. Pays 
des Hnrons, cited, ao, 305, 34, 247. «5«. 7i. 344« " Blue Volume," 
dted, 34, 247. Sketch of Ossossané, 34, 105, 247, 253, 71, 217. 

Martin, Hélène, daughter of Abraham: marriage, 38, 315, 319, 33, 
312. 



IM JESUIT RELA TIONS [MiMli 

Hartin» Horace P. : Castorologia^ cited, 69, 391, 71, 346. 

Hartin, Mar|raerite, daughter of Abraham: marriage, 36, 347. 

Martin, Marie, daughter of Abraham: marriage, J7, 31a. 

Martin, Sarah G. : Hist, Green Bay, 71, 321-322. 

Martinière. See Berment, Claude de. 

Martyr, Peter: cited, a, 295; Decades, 1, 309. 

Martyrs, 17. 13, 19, aj, X91, a6, 283. 30, loi, 31, 99, 103. 36, 53, 41, 
37. 41. 131. «27, 4a, 31. 33, 217, 237, «63, 43. «21, 273. 283, 313. 44, 
55. 59. 139. 45, 49. 187. 46. 25. 217, 47. 203. 49. 109. 53. 25. 57, 9«. 
63, 201, 71, 236; Jesuit, in America (priests and brothers), i, 17- 
18, 23, 25-26, 28-29, 32, 35, 37, 5, 290, 9, 313-314. a8, 127-129, 99, 45, 

30, 25, 295, 31, 59, H9-121, 34, 21. 25-37. 57, 81-83. 97, 139, 157, 189, 
195, 227, 237. 246, 35, 19-21, 149-151. 161, 169, 36, 59, 40» 35-37. 
123, 41. 37. 41. 119-121, 215, 227, 4a, 33. 39-41, 43. 85, 129, 313. 44. 
273, 4«. 27, 221, 257, so, 87, 211, 307-3", 5i, 83, 187, sa, 67, 141- 
143, 58, 251, 60, 181, 303. 61, 211. 63, 143, 169-171. 69, 29-31, 70, 
247-251, 71, 138-140, X42, 145-146, 168, 171, 178, 211, 217^218, 236; 
memorial to, 4, 266, s« viii, 295, 71, 217; Jesuit, in Japan, la, 277; 
mission of the, 31, 107, 43, 209; among converts, 35, 217, 223, 64, 
127, 145; books of, kept by, 41, 119-121; among Iroquois, 71, 226; 
torture of, 35, frontispiece, 8, 71, 218; biog^raphy, 333; pope for- 
bids unauthorized publications regarding, 38, 211 ; spirits invoked, 

31, 119. 

Mary, princess of England: marries William of Orange, 64, 274. 
Mary Magdelaine, 10, 121. 

Maryland (Mariland, Merrinlande; colony and state): troops sent 
against Indians, 8, 301 ; religion in, 36, 11 1 ; Iroquois easily reached 
from. Ill; early settlement of, 244; Dutch trade with, so, 321; 
Pierron travels in, 59, 73; Jesuits in, 307, 64, 281, 71, 389; cap- 
tives from, baptised, 6a, 59 ; Iroquois invade, 67 ; Indians in, 272 ; 
colonial assembly removes Piscatoways, 272 ; history, 71, 324, 326. 
Mascoutkns (Machkoutench, Maksoutensak, Mascoutains, Mascou- 
teins, Maskoutench, Maskoutenech, Maskoutens, Maskoutings, 
Maskoutins, Mathkoutench ; Fire Nation, Fr. appellation), Algon- 
quian tribe, i, 10, S4, 305. 58. 207 ; meaning of term, 5, 279, 44, 
115. 58. 199, 89, loi; Huron appellation, 5, 280. 
LoctUion : in seventeenth century, s, 280, ao, 308 ; on upper Pox 
River (1658), 44, 247, 324-325; on and near Green Bay (1670-71, 
1879), 84, 207, 55, 103, 61, 149; in 1673, 58, 41; on Ohio River 
(1702), 66, 237, 339; on lower Wisconsin and Mississippi rivers 
(1728), 68, 330; description of thebr country, S8. 191-199. 217. 

Population: compared to various Huron-Iroquois tribes (1644), 
317, 27; in 1671, 55, 201; in 1672, 58, 293; in 1675, 59, 221; in 1679, 
61, 149, 155; clans, 149; villages, 54, 308, 38, 293; absorbed in Kick- 
apoos, 5, 280. 



Mnou] INDEX 186 

Language^ etc: speak Algonquian tongue, ai, 125, ^7, 37; Kkka- 
poos and Kitchigamich speak, 54, 233; speak three different lan- 
guages, 61, 149; possess distinct language, 67, 161; words and 
phrases, 58, 35. Do not use canoes, 55, 195 ; method of building 
houses, 195; method of fishing, 199; winter life of, 59, 171; religion, 
61, 149-151; attached to medicine-men, 66, 237-239; history, 71, 
290. 

Relations with other tribes: hostilities with Algonkins, 5, 73; 
detached from alliance with Poxes, 68, 207; Huronswith, 45, 243; 
peace with Illinois, 68, 209, 330; Iroquois war with, 45, loi, 55, 201. 
With Miamis, 54, 308, 55, 201, 58, 293; compared with, 59, 103. 
Neutrals capttnre, ai, 195, 27, 25 ; hostilities with, Ji, 195, 27, 25. 
War with Ottawas, 14, 285 ; hostilities with Sioux, 55, 203. 

Relations with French: mission (St. Jacques) among, I, 221, 54, 
227-231, 58, 21-23. 59, 265, 59, 221, 61, 155; Nicolet with, 8, 295; 
Jesuits with, ao, 308, 94, 251, 55. 191. 58, 21, 33, 59, 221, 60, 197- 
199, 207-209, 61, 149, 66, 339, 67, 161 ; desire cross, 58, 27 ; Guignas 
captive among, 68, 207-209, 330; make peace with French, 330. 
Mascoutains (Mascouteins), 61, 155. 5ir^ Mascoutens. 
Mase, 47, 285. See Dumesnil, Louis. 
Maskasinik, Algonquian tribe, 44, 251. 
Maskokis (Mushkogee), appellation of southern Indian stock. See 

Indians: anthropology and ethnology — stocks. 
MaskounagoUng, Algonquian village, 6a, 201. 
Maskoutench (Maskoutenech, Maskoutens, Maskoutings), 55, 185, 

199» 88, 21, 59, loi, los, 67, 161. See Mascoutens. 
Maskoutépouéls, appellation of prairie Sioux, 68, 299. 
Masks: painted, worn by Indians at carnival, 5, 23, 10, 203; worn in 

dance as cure for sickness, 13, 175, 263; hung on cabins, 231, 263, 

267; Iroquois wear, 63, 289, 306; worn in France, 17, 177, 38, 75; 

described, 71, 280. See also Masqueraders. 
Maslin. See Meslin. 
Mason, Edward 6.: Illinois Citizens, cited, 70, 317. Old Fort 

Chartres, cited, 71, 321, 388. 
Mason, John, governor of Newfoundland: captures pirates, 4, 265; 

lands granted to, 36, 242-243. 
Mason, Otis T. : ** Bows, Arrows, and Quivers," cited, 15, 245-246. 

"Iron Age in Amer./* 71, 266. " Ind. Man's Knife," 71, 283. 

•'Throwing Sticks," 71, 283. " Aborig. Basket-work." 71, 285. 

•• Aborig. Skin-dressing," 71, 286. '* Aborig. Zotttechny," 71, 286, 

378. "Technogeography," 71, 286. Aborig. Cradles, cited, a6, 

316, 71, 286. Prim. Travel and Transp., 71, 286. 
Masons, Quebec: in religious procession, s8, 193, 3a, 91. See Guilds, 

and Workmen. 



186 JESUIT RELA TIONS [MMQMnMton 

Masqueraders: in Europe» 4a, 155; among Huions, 15, 177; among 
Iroquois, 60, 189. Sa also Masks. 

Massachusetts (English colony), 36, 339, 6a, 376, 67, 33s ; comprises 
forty towns (1650), 36, 340; government of, 341; limits of jurisdic- 
tion, 343-343; general court of (1650), 95, loi, 341; influence of, in 
New England, 95, 109, 340; military strength, 105; militia of, 339, 
341; English agent for, 339. Norsemen in, i, 309; Champlain in 
(1605-06), J, 398; De Monte on coast of, 305 ; wampum as money in, 
8, 314; landgrante in (1638), 36, 343; La Tour permitted to enlist 
volunteers in (1643), ^3 ; peace concluded with D*Aulnay, 30, 304; 
Jésuite expelled from (1647), 36, 341, 59, 307; prohibite trade with 
West Indies (1650), 36, 344; Druillettes in (1651), i, 14, 9, 305, 36, 
7S-XEI, 139, 137, 337, 346-347: attitude toward Iroquois, 91, 95, loi, 
109; foreign trade of, 99, 109; magistrates of, recommend French 
alliance, 109 ; declines Prendi alliance, 9, 305, 36, 347 ; envoy from, 
to Mohawks (1677), 64, 376; action of, regarding Rale, 67, 336- 
337; revolte against England (i775)t 7ii 388; history, 313-314. 
Essex County, '' Flower of," military company: massacred, 60, 
331, 331-333. 

Massachusette Historical Society, ColUctions^ cited, a, 309, 71, 330. 

Massachusette, Algonquian Indians: identified as Armouchiquois, 
q.v., I, 308; bibles, etc., printed in language of, 36, 339; envoys 
from, at Quebec, 38, 173; allies of Montagnais, 175. 

Massé, , Huguenot trader: arrives in Canada, 45, 157; owns 

boat, 159. 

Massé (Masse), Ennemond (Enemond, Enmond, Nemon), Jesuit 
(colleague of Biard). i. 149, 189, 318, a. 309, 3, 5» M7. 8. 57. «43. 
6, 47. 59. ^ 59. 65, 9. 63, 301, la, 137. 71, 134; appointed to Aca- 
dian mission, i, 139, 307, a, 83, 313, 3, 167; obstacles to embarka- 
tion, I, 131-133» 139-145. «)9. ^. 83-85, 171-177. 313-315; departure 
from France and arrival in Acadia (1611), i, 139, 139-141, 145, 151, 
189, 309, 313, 314, a, 7, 61, 85-87. 91. 173-177. 315-317. 3. 179-181. 
^9. «9-31. 39. 169; illness, a, 339-341, 3, 347; aids colony, a, 343. 
3, 355; builds boat, a, 343-245. 3. 257-a59. ^9. 4i-43; fishes, 3, 359; 
opposed by Biencourt, 399; leaves Port Royal with La Saussaye, 
a, 349, 3, 363; at St Sauveur, 1, 139, a, 349, 3, 365; captured by 
English, 1, 13, 139, 339, a, 355, 3, 7, 4, 13, a9, 31-33, 39, 169; aided 
by Indians, 3, 71 ; sent to France, i, 331, a, 363, 3, 9, 4, 33 ; at St. 
Malo, a, 365 ; in France, 1, 314, a9, 33 ; arrives in Canada (1635, 

1633). ». 314. 4. 171. 255. 8. 201, 315, 6, 37, a9, 35-37. 39. 171 ; Kirk 
sends, to France (1639), a8, 37; occupation, 6, 37-39, 73; death 
and burial (1646; 1643, error in Bressani), 6, 37, a8, 187, 373, 9% 
17. «9. 37-^. 167-169,39, 171-173; called "Father Useful, ••6.37; 
sketch, I, 314-31S. 6. 37-39. ^9. 29-43. 39. 169-173. 7i. i37; »<»- 



MataooM] INDEX 187 

ument erected to, i, ao, 315, J8, 317; cited, ap, 33-35, 39» 169-171; 

letter (x6ii), i, xv, 47, 185-187, 301-302, 71, 182. 

Missionary and officialiabors : bssoc\bXj& to Coton (1608), i, 3x5, 

39f 39, 37f 169; in Acadia, i, 6, 13, 129, 29, 31; on St John River, 

3, 239; opposes medicine-men, 3, 123-125; nurses Membertou, aox; 

winters with Indians, 245 ; with Ixmis Membertou, 249, 4, 27 ; returns 

to Port Royal, 3, 253; studies and translates Montagnais language, 

a, 245-247, 4, 266, 5, 280; admonitor and confessor (1626), 4, 183; 

duties of, 6, 37. 69. 73; at Quebec, 1. 8, 4, 183, 255-256, 260, J3» «73; 

at Sillery, 1, 20, ao, 309, 37, 81, a8, 145 ; at N. D. des Anges, aa, 41 ; 

austerities practiced by, J9, 33-35, 39, 169-171. 

liasses: first celebration on Lake Superior, 1,3; first, at Sault de Ste. 
Marie, 24; attendance at, compulsory, 9, 145; saying of, intentions 
for, 16, 27, 69, 307; for individuals, 18, 37, 71, m ; first, of priests, 
>9> 37, 49, 169, 69, 71 ; at Sillery, 18, 159-161; for Huron missions, 
ao, 67; for dead (requiem), 93, j8, 223, 30, 173-175. I97, 3>, "9; 
midnight, 18, 159, ao, 135, 207, 27, 115. a8, 251, 30, 201, 3J, 47, 
109, 35, 61, 37, 229. 4^. 259. 43, 77, 44, 131 ; of Holy Ghost, J7, 
103, a8, 245; obligation to say, condition of landgrant, 38, 247; 
La Flesche's, 45, 159; rogation, 30, 171; high, regularly sung at 
Quebec, 183 ; in behalf of Company of Habitants, 197 ; for mission- 
aries, 34, 21 ; pain bénit distributed during, 37, 265 ; mission, 66, 
151; offerings for, 69, 307-308; followed by rain, 17, 137; ordered 
by Detroit parishioners, 70, 25-27. 35, 41-47, 51, 63-65, 71; Launay 
promises, to Ursulines, 71, 53. Fees for. 69, 273, 70, 43, 65, 233, 
?■, 41* 53; granted to missionaries, 66, 135-137; Jesuits ask infor- 
mation concerning, 137. 

Massilimakina, 6a, 161. See Mackinac. 

Massinahigan (Massinahingan, Massinaigan), Algonquian term for 
writing, books, etc., 5, 207, ao, 131, 193, 24, 197, a6, 79-81, ^7, 187. 

^9, 143, 3>. sdì* 
Masson, L. R. : Bourgeois du Nord-Ouest, 71, 508. 

Masson, Pierre, Jesuit brother, 71, 134; arrives in Canada (1646), 

a8, 233; sent to Huron mission, 233-235; sketch, 71, 146. 
Mastic (mastich): defined, 49, 276; ingredient of ointment, 277, 51, 

289. 
Mastodons, bones of, found at Big Bone Lick, 69, 299. 
Masts, supplied to French navy from Canada, 50, 243. 
Mataché, explanation of term, 67, 251, 257-259. 
Matachias, ornaments used by Indians: described, a, 135, 294, 7, 

309; women wear, 3, 73; placed on graves, 131; on leggings, 7, 

15, 81 ; cradle board adorned with, a6, 3x6. 
Mataouau, "big Olivier," Algonkin medicine-man: wife baptized, 

9, 37-41; pious death, 14, 155. 



188 JESUIT RELA TIONS 

]fataouchkarini()Cataoachkairmik, liataouchkairiniwek, ICataouach- 
kariniens, liataouakirinonek), Algonqnian tribe: location, 18, 
aag, 24, 311; flee to Hudson Bay, 18, 258; winter near Huions, 34, 
269; at Montreal, 39, 145-147; near Hudson Bay, 96, 203; speak 
Algonquian language, 44, 251. 

Mataouiriou nation, probably Algonquian tribe (same as preced- 
ing?): chief of, 56, 165-167. 

Matchebiguatus, peninsula, 8, 287. See Castine, ani/Major-bigyduce. 

Matches: hempen, supplant steel and flint, la, 272; lucifer, when 
invented, 272. 

Matchounon (Matchonon), Joseph, Algonkin renegade, 6. iii; sick- 
ness and death, 7, 277-285. 

Mateomek, Algonkin manitou: tobacco offered to, 10, 325. 

Mathavet, Jean Claude, Sulpitian missionary to Nipissings: in Port 
William Henry (George) campaign, 70, 93, 147. 

Mathematics: Boutet teaches, 37, 314, 60, 143, 320; La Salle profi- 
cient in, 57, 3x5; taught in Quebec college, 60, 143, 320, 66, 209, 
215; Chauchetière teaches, 64, 131-133, 139, 147-149; Gouye 
teaches, 66, 339. 

Mathieu, Algonkin boy, son of Atironta, a8, 159; baptized, 27, 113; 
escapes from Iroquois, 36, 131. 

Mathieu, Jean, parish priest at Mobile: signature of, cited. 67, 344. 

Mathkoutench, 55, 103. See Mascoutens. 

Mathurin. , Jesuit servant: goes to Huronia, U, 241, 13, 235, 

34* 305 ; sickness, 13, 91 ; becomes Capuchin, 34, 305. 

Mathurin, , master, in service of Jesuits, 38. 203. 

Mathtuin, man of, Iroquoised Huron: origin of name, 24, 305; leads 
Iroquois, 295, 305-307 ; Brébeuf confers with, 307 ; asks Jogues for 
letters, 35, 47. 

Matilde, Abenaki woman: wife of Jean de St Castin, 67, 336. 

Matouetagahani, Joseph, Abenaki convert, 6a, 141. 

Matouetchiouanouecoueou, Algonkin woman: son baptized, 6, 129. 

Matoutisson (Onda.enronk), an Algonkin: at Quebec, 38, 181. 

Mats, 59, 135, 177, 64, 31, 61; in construction of cabin, J, 79, 3, 77, 
54. 233, 55, X95, 57. 269, 58, 23. 59. 89. 189. 66, 231, 68, 123; sa 
bed, 3, 77, 15, 163, 167, 17, 17. 18, II, ai, 53, 33, 123, 37, 281, 301. 
:>9. 55. 39. 99. 84. 69, 58. i53» 59. 105, 187. 61, 181, 64, 75. 
Made of rushes, 13, 99, 58, 209, 59, 129, 133, 155, 61, 167, 6J, 75, 
66, 231, 67, 135, 217; made of canes, 65, 119, 139. As present, 23, 
211; in Indian rhetoric, %% 55, 56, 175, 58, 187, 6a, 103, 67, 201,- 
203, 207; used as net, 4 J, 163, 295; Indians use, 60, 189, 67, 167. 
321, 68, 157; Jesuits adopt use of, 64, 85, 93; manitous carried in, 
66, 233. 

Matthieu, Guillaume, Jesuit, 60, 320, 71, 134; teaches at Quebec 
college, 60, 141 ; sketch, 71, 152. 



] INDEX 



Mftttiiìg, ancient Indian, 71, 285. Sêê also Mat& 

ICattreflBes: cost of making, 70, 61; materials, 61. 

Mattocks: Indians use, 4a, 163; in Jesuit invoice, 66, 31. 

Maturin, , aesvant to Derosiers: slain by Iroquois, 36, 135. 

ICaupertuis, de: sponsor in baptism, 8, 353 ; in charge of trad- 
ing-post, 3x1. 

liaurault, J. A. : AbinakU^ cited, J, 291, a, 297, 300, 4, 953, 8, aSi- 
aSa, 384. la, 374. 36, 338, 343. 57. 31B, 63, 376, 66, 340» 344-345» 
69, 387-388, 71, 39X. 

ICaurepas, Jean Frédéric Phelypeaux, count de: secretary of state, 
67, 343 ; Lake Haurepas named for, 343 ; favorable to Jesuits, 68» 937 ; 
opinion of Canadian officials, 383; promotes explorations, 67, 343; 
retires to private life, 343; recalled to office, 343; death (1781), 343. 

ICaurioe, servant of Jesuits: sent to Huron mission, 34, 59. 

liaurice, Jean-Baptiste, Jesuit, 71, 134; arrives in Canada (1730), 
69, 392; scholastic, 393; teaches in Quebec cc^ege, 392; in 
Tadoussac mission (1740-45), 139-131, 135, 393; at Quebec, 139- 
135; at Jérémie Islets, 139; at Chicoutimi, 139, 135-137; illnesaand 
curie, 131; at Malbaye, 131-133; at Sept Isles, 133-135; at Mingan, 
135; retires to Quebec, 292; death (1746), 137, 393; sketch, 391-390* 
71, 170; circular letter on, 333; writings, 338, 379; journal (1740- 
43), 69. 8, 17. 139-137. a8o. 71. ao6. 

Maurice of Nassau, Prince: Hudson River named for, J8, 313. 

Mauvila, Indian town, 65, 371. 

liawooshen, name for New England district: location, 3, 997. Sêê 
also Moasham. 

Maximin, , sieur, captain in Carignan regiment, 50, 133. 

Hay apple {Podophyllum peltatum\ 56, 303 ; root, poisonous, 13, 
370; resembles limes, 38, 343, 56, 133,303; resembles apricots, 43, 

257-359. 325. 
May-day, celebrated at Quebec (1637), 13, 167-169. 

May-poles: at Quebec, 3a, 95; placards upon, 103. 

May-tree, in Indian rhetoric, 41. 5i-53. 63, 71, "7. 44. "3. «95. 41» 

«3. 93. 47. «77. 
Masarin, Jules (Giulio Masarini), cardinal, and prime ministar of 

France: controls Parliament of Paris, a, 397; death, 47, 318.. 
Masé. See Dumesnil. 
Mazier, Gilles, Jesuit brother, 71, 134; attached to Ottawa mission, 

6a, 315; sketch, 71, 153. 
Mead, Edwin D. (misprinted O.): editor, 71, 357; dted, 3, 99a. 
Meagher J. L., editor, 71, 3sa 
Measles, epidemic among Indians, 7, 331. 
Measures of length, etc, (Xd French, 71, 355. Sêê alee WeiglHi 

and measures. 



140 JESUIT RELA T/ONS [ 

Meat: choicest food of Indians, 51, 129; eaten at a council, 53, S31; 
how cooked, 38, 245, 44, 301 ; preserved by smoking, 3. xoi, 107, 
4. »03, 7. 179-181, 185. aa, 89, 149, J7, 209, 30, 265, 31, 79. 2S3-25S» 
a». 285. 37. 189, 229, 247-349» 39, "5, 227. 41, 189, 44, 279. 4^ 
137. 49. 49. 55. 135. 143, 151. «73. 59. 9». ^5. 45. 66. 253; smoke 
inferior to salt for preserving, 38, 245; put in sagamité, 16, 181; 
dried, 48, 265, 59, 177, 65, 109; sold at Detroit mission, 69, 243, 70, 
29; sacrificed to spirits, 58, 87; 3roung warriors abstain from, 68, 
151. 

Meauz, Prance, Ursulines at, 13, 269. 

Medallions, given by French to Indian chiefs, 70, 97. See also 
Medals. 

Mechou, Mistassin legend of, 68, 45. See also Messou. 

Medals, 38, 143. 30, 155. 36, 1x3; indulgences gained with. 25, 241; 
made of copper, 36, 245; as reliquaries, 34, 39; of Holy Family, 
64. 77; given to Indians. 39, 149, 63. 159. 67, 65. 125. 309— *<> 
converts, l, 34. 57, 95, 64, 231, 65, 77; «sed by Jesuits, 60, 137. 

Medar, , arrives from France, 34, 59. 

Medart, an Eskimo, 63, 255. 

Medartchis, an Etechemin, 63, 255. 

Médécinier, 43, 326. See Barbadoes nuts. 

Medfield, Mass., church at, 67, 335. 

Medicines: French, given to Indians, 19, 21; used at hospital, aa, 
173. 36. 6x, 49. 205-207, 50, 161, 51, 113, 5a, 107-109; sent to mis- 
sionaries, 13, 113; needed for missions, ao, loi, 57, 173, 66, 29; 
administered by Jesuits, 58, 211-213, 219; obtained from rattle- 
snake, 70, 141. See also Indians: sickness and remedies. 

Medicine-pouch of Indians: described, aa, 317-318; for owner alone, 
la, 15. See Manitou, personal. 

Médicis, Catherine de, sends De Chaste to Terceira, a, 306. 

Medicis, Ferdinand de, g^and duke of Tuscany, statue ordered by, 
63, 271. 

Médicis, Marie de, i, 305, 3x3, 6a, 272; addressed by Lescarbot, i, 
45, 55, 89, 95; interest in missions. 55, 89, 141, 181, 3, «7, 169. i73; 
aids Jesuits, i, 129. 133-135. X43. 207-209, 312, a, 83, 173-175. 2x3. 
247-249, 3, 26X-263; sponsor in baptism, i, 77, ixx, a. X39, X73; 
writes to Poutrincourt, i, 312; appoints viceroy, a, 296; in Belgium 
and England, 3a, 3xx. 

Medlar, persimmon compared to, 64, 137, 278, 65, X19. 

Medoctec (Medoktek, Meductic), N. B., Maliseet village: location, 
67, X2X, 71, X62; Récollets at, 1, xs; Jesuits at, 66, 344, 346; fort 
At, 71, 3x1. 

Medonté township. Ont, 8, 294, 304, 13, 269; settled, 5, 295; Indian 
village sites in, 4, 265, 17. 241. 33. 272, 34» 256. 



] INDEX 141 

Meeker, Moees: " Wis. Lead Region," 71, 321. 

Megapolensis, Johannes (Jan), Dntch minister, 44, los ; arrives in 
America, 34, 311 ; kindness to Jogues, 9, 313, 34, 311, 25, 59, 31, 
95-97* 39* 333; investigates his death, 31, iis, 39> 235; at New 
Amsterdam, 14, 288; sketch, J5, 288. 

llegapolensis, Samuel, son of above: pastor in New Amsterdam, 
35, 288. 

Megard, , sponsor in baptism, a, iS7» 159* See also Des 

ÌCarets. 

Megret, , priest: mentioned by Gravier, 66, 139. 

Meiaskwat (Meiachkawat, Meiaschawat, Meiaskouat), Charles, Mon- 
tagnais convert, 1, 16, 30, 151, 31, 81, 89; conversion and religions 
experience, 30, 185-205 ; speech by, 145 ; removes to Sillery. 31, 
9Xt 34, 55; advice to tribesmen, 31, 93; catechist, 103-105, 33, 
119; piety, 33, 97, 34, 57-61, 35, 163-Z67, 175-181; with Abenakis, 
33* 283, 34, 61, 35, X77-179; visits English, 34, 63; visits hospital, 
189; marriage, 35, 175-177; " captain of prayers," 181. 

Méliol, M. A.: Diet, of Finance^ 71, 353. 

Mêloche, Pierre, Detroit habitant: constructs mission buildings, 69, 
251, 257-259, 267, 70, 31; dealings with mission, 29-35, 39-41, 67; 
owns mills, 70, 41, 49, 57 ; sketch, 69, 308. 

Méloche, Thérèse: sponsor in baptism, 70, 73; marriage, 69, 308. 

Melons, 59, 129, 64, 133, 139; cultivated at Montreal, 48, 169; by 
Natches, 68, 137; of India, 38, 243. 

Membertou, Henry, Souriquois chief, i, 121, 155, 177, 3, 17, 95, 163, 
171; a medicine-man, i, 75. 3. 91. »33; age, i, 75, 109, 3, 139; his 
children, 15,* 93, 149, 153, 167, 185; practices monogamy, 1, 215, 3, 
23, 99, 227-229, 3, 103; conversion, i, 46; character and reputation, 
75. 213. 310, 3, 23, 225-227, 4. 205; baptism, i, 77, 109, 121, 3, 87. 
135-137, 2«5; piety, 97. 155, 183-185. 227, 3. i47; wishes to 
preach, i, 165; repulses devil, 3, 133; cured by Poutrincourt, 
125; at Port Royal, 185, 201; illness and pious death, i, 167, 215, 

3, 19-25, 97-99* 225. 3. aoi-203; Christian burial, 3, 25, 99, 225, 3. 
205; posthumousname, 3, 229, 3, 131; his family aid French, 229. 

Membertou (Membertoucoichis), Louis, son of above: his family, 1, 
77, 109, 3, 149, 167; baptism, I, 77, 109; cured by Jesuits, 213-215; 
visited by Massé, 3, 239, 3, 245, 249; friendly to French, 3, 263, 

4. «7. 

Membre, Zénobe, Réoollet missionary: accompanies La Salle, 1, 35- 

36; voyages, 71, 261; cited, 59, 309. 
Memegouechiou, François, Attikamègne convert: baptised, 11, 125- 

127. 
Memench, Joseph, Nipiasing convert: piety, 35, 131-133; baptised, 

133. 



149 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

Memicfatigoachiouiscoueou, Marguerite, Algonkin child: baptise^ 

^, I» 

llemilotiniotte, Algonquian tribe: location, 58, 41, 43. 

ICemogovissionis, fabulous marine beings, 94, 157. 

Memphis, Tenn., river near, 65, 266. 

Ménaûrd, Pierre, dit Carignan: dealings with Detroit miaeiont ?•• 
29. 35 ; sketch, 307. 

Ménard (Menart), René, Jesuit, 11, 279, 43, 69, 45» x6i, 46, 8Ì3, 1x7, 
145, 301, 48, 143. «77, 49, 109. 50, H7, 269, 91, 255, 55» 3i9i 5^, 
51, 7>, 134; voyage to Canada, iS, 65-75; at Sillery, JO, 309; goes 
to Huron mission, ai, 67, 75, 23, 245, 46, Si ; labors with Algon- 
kins in Huronia, la, 274, 18, 260, ap, 3p6, a3> 227-229, 27, 37*-4i ; 
Mdth Nipissings, ai, 123, 23, 233, J7, 47; superior at Three Rivers, 
36, 127; baptizes Iroquois captives, 37, zii. In Iroquois mission, 
46. 81, 49, 149— with Onondagas, I, 29, 4^, ««S. 43» i33» 3i5; 
Cayugas, 185, 307-317, 54, 109, 56, 59; Oneidas, 44» «9-33; 
Senecas, 54, 271. In Ottawa mission, I, 32, 33, 273, 45, 163, 46, 

75-79. "Ï. 249. 301. 47, 61. 115, 249-251. 4^ "5, 5^, 205, 7«. 
234, 242 ; suffers hardships and ill-treatment, 48, 259-265 ; death, 

I, 32, 18, 257, ai, 319, 47, 249-253, 307, 48, 27, 115. 123, 135-139. 
257, 277, 49, 251 — compared with Xavier' s, 48, 143; biography, 
18, 256-257, 46, 297, 71, 144, 226. Character and achievements, 48, 
139-143; as linguist, 37, 37. Letters— 43, 307-315, 44, 79-8^. 4*. 
81-83, 48, 147-151, 257-277, 297; to Lalemant (1661), 46, 11-13, 
125-145. 297, 71. 193- 

Menasha, Wis., 54, 308; location, 306, 58, 297. 

Mendon, N. Y., site of Seneca village, 8, 293, 302. 

Mengakonkia, 58, 41. See Moingonas. 

Menneville, Duquesne de, 71, 117. See Duquesne. 

Menno, Simon, founds Mennonites, a8, 313. 

Mennonites (Mennonistes, Mnistes): in New Holland, 38, 109; his- 
tory, 313. 

Menoil, , 36, 127; dines with Jesuits, 35, 59, 61; receives gift, 

36, 113; gift to Quebec parish church, 4J, 277. 

Menominee, Mich.: location, 54, 308. See Rivers: Menominee. 

Menomonees (Malotmiinek, Maloumines, Maroumine, Menomini), 

Algonquian tribe, i, 32, 54, 235, 305, 59, 313; called FoUes-Avoines 

by French, 44, 324, 55» 103, 58, 297; location, 18, 231. 44r «47, 

324r 55» 185, 6a, 205 ; customs, 71, 291 ; depopulated by war, 54, 

235- 
Mephitis mephiiica^ 67, 344. Set Skunk. 

Mer des Iroquois, 1, 319. See Lakes: Champlain. 
Mer douce, 1, 3x7, 4» 257, 8, 1x5, 295, ia> 53* 33, 271. See Lakea: 
Huron; tfii^Seas: Fresh-water. 



Hfl^smer] INDEX 14a 

Mer Vermeille, 59, 307. 5/^ Gulfs: California. 

Mercier, Catherine : captured and scalped by Iroquois, 36, 125 ; mar- 
riage, 246. 

Mercier, François, 6, 67. 8, 47, 65, 9, 301. io. 55, 57, 89. ««» '9, 35* 
61, 37, 95, ii5f 40, 256. See Le Mercier, François. 

Mercier (?), Honoré: Biens Jésuites, 71, 239. 

Mercvre lesvOe, 71, 238-239. 

Mercury, heathen deity, 67, 251; temple on Montmartre, 8, 3x1. 

Mercy of Jesus, hospital order of: enters Canada, 8, 311. See also 
Hospital Nuns. 

Merici, Angela, founds Ursuline order, 5, 275. 

Merlet, Lucien: ReL des Hurons avec Chartres^ cited, 61, 266, 271- 
373, 69, 286-287, 71, 288. 

Mermet, Jean, Jesuit, 66, 39, 129, 267, 71, 134; arrives in Canada, 
7a, 18; in Illinois mission, i, 35, 66, 123, 209; vicar-general, 65, 
262; at Juchereau's fort, 66, 237; debate with medicine-man, 237- 
239; atKaskaskia, 255; death, 71, 399; sketch, 66, 339, 71, i59-i6a 
Letters — circular, regarding Marest, 65, 265, 66, 340, 71, 158, 231, 
399; to Canada Jesuits, 66, 12-13, 50-65, 297, 71, 203; cited, 65, 
263. 

Merry-andrews, in France, S7, 255 ; costume, 7, 13. 

Merveille, , ship-captain of St. Malo, France: trades on St 

John River, a, 27, 31, 3, 211; attacked by Biencourt, 213-217; 
life saved by Biard, a, 231 ; invitation to Biard, 3, 219. 

Mesaiger, Charles Michel, Jesuit, 71, 124; sketch, 167; facsimile 
writing, 213. 

Meschiseabamat, Montagnais convert: baptized, 59, 61. 

Meseré, de, 51, 149. See Maizerets. 

Meskousing, 59, 107, 308. See Rivers: Wisconsin. 

Meskoutenagasit, 56, 201. See Rivers: Miskoutenagechit 

Mesle, curé of: recommended to Ursulines, 71, 53. 

Meslé, François de la: slain by Iroquois, 47, 315. See also Crevier. 

Mesle, Christopher Crevier, sieur de la, 47. 315. 

Meslée, Antoine de la: slain by Iroquois, 47, 91; identity, 315. 

Meslin (maslin): recommended as crop, 4, 193; defined, 267. 

Mesny (Mini), Antoine, Detroit habitant: dealings with mission, 
69, 251, 70, 31 ; contracts for erection of church, 31; sketch, 307. 

Mesplez, , burned at stake by Natches, 68, 191. 

Measiben, an Ottawa: illness cured, 57, 229. 

Messier, Marguerite, marriage, 66, 338. 

Messier, Martine, her family, 37, 266. See also Primot, M. 

Messina, Sicily, 60, 113. 

Messipi, 51, 53. See Rivers: Mississippi. 

Messmer, Sebastian G.: '* Fox River Miss.," cited, 56, 303, 71, 239. 



144 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Me 

Messoti, Algonkin-Montagnais divinity: king of animals, 5, a86; 

restores the world, 155, 6, 157-159; legends regarding, 328. Set 

also Manabosho, Mechon, and Michaboo. 
Hestigoit, a Montagnais: host of Le Jeune, 6, 187, 191, 197, 309, S37, 

«39. 309. 317, 328, 7. 55. 63, 69-77. 81, 87-^3. 97. "5. I27. I57. 167. 169, 

183-191, 195, 201-207, 39, 117; his wretched death, 7, 301, 9, 69. 
Metaberotttin, Algonkin name of St Maurice River, q.v., 8. 19, 991, 

18. 113, 30, 273, 44, 241. 
Métabetchouan (Metabikiwan), trading post on Lake St John, 60, 

347» 355, 61, 269; mission at, 60, 322, 68, 41. 
Metacomet, Philip, Pequod chief: at war with English, 60, 3x9. 
Metal: plates of, asked for mission, 66, 29; used as mirrors, 337; 

white, 36, 245; workers in, among Jesuits donnés, i, 33. Seg also 

Iron, and Steel. 
Metamorphosis: instances, 10, 135, 165, la, 11, 29, 13, 193, 33, 913, 

39. 21, 27. 
Metayer, , Detroit habitant, 70, 77; dealings with mission, 27. 

5//Levron. 
Metchigamea (Metchigamikoué), 65, 105, 119, 264. See Mitchiga- 



Meteaûhock, 8, 313. See Wampum. 

Metempsychosis, in belief of aborigines, 10, 143, 287, ao, 310, 90, 

989, 57, 119. 
Meteors, seen in Canada, 48, 37-39, 241, 50, 77. 
Meteourmite, Canibas chief: visited by French, a, 39-45. 
Metsu, Jakob, Dutch scientist: invents telescope, a8, 314. 
Meulles, Jacques de, intendant of Canada: arrives at Quebec, 63, 

272; at conference regarding Iroquois, 157; landgrants by. 265- 

267, 71, 77; takes census of Acadia. 63, 300; issues card-money, 

69, 302; term as intendant. 63, 303, 71, 118. 
Meunitarrìs. io, 325. See Minnetarees. 
Meurin, Sébastien Louis, Jesuit. 71. 134; arrives in Louisiana, 73, 

19; in Illinois mission, 69, 79, 203, 70, 229. 271 ; allowed to remain 

in Illinois, 291-293. 71. 35; his poverty, 41; becomes British 

citizen, 35; seeks to prevent illegal sale of church property. 37; 

difficulties regarding vicariate-general. 33-37, 388; death, 1, 35; 

sketch, 70, 89, 310-311, 71, 174. Correspondence with Briand, 71, 

231. 389; letter (1768), 12-13, 33-47, 207, 383. 
Mexico, I, 205. IO, 319, 57, 3i5, 59. 313. ^5, 268, 66, 225, 68, 332; 

mines, 69, 223 ; trade with France, 67, 339 ; superstitions of natives, 

3, 145; Jesuits in, 298, 68, 333, 70, 267, 7", 178. 
Meyer, Carl, Jesuit: publishes Lettres édifiantes^ 66. 322. 
Meyer, Rudolf J.. Jesuit, Rome: aid from, acknowledged, 6, 4, 3i, 

309« 



Mktel] INDEX 145 



(Mésier), René, tUt Noce (Nopce): marriage, 37, 93; 
sketch, 313. 

Meseré, 48, 396. See liaizerets. 

Mezières, , Liouisiana concessionary, 67, 303. 

Mésy (Mésy), Augustin de Saffray, sieur de, 43, 324, 48, 241, 49, 
143» 167; governor of Canada, 47, 247; arrives at Quebec, 
309; reorganizes council, 48, 239; relations with Jesuits, 227, 49, 
157*159; quarrels with Laval, 48, 239; endeavors to appoint his 
successor, 8, 3x0; death, 49, 159; term as governor, 71, xi6; 
sketch, 47, 316. 

Miamis (Miamiak, Miamiouek, Oumamik), Algonquian tribe, 55, 207, 
58, 25, 41, 61, 269, 59, 105, 221, 235, 6a, 161. Location — in 1658, 
44, 247, 324; in 1670, 54, 185, 207, 231-233; on Maumee River 
(1712), 69, 300; on Little Miami River (1749), 183; on Ghreat 
Miami River (1749), i^7f 299; villages of, 54, 308. Population — 
in 1658, 44, 247; in 1671, 55, 20I, 88, 293; in 1673. 23, 293; numer- 
ous, 63. Character, customs, 54, 231, 85, 209, 213-217, 59, loi- 
103. Language — possess distinct language, 67, 147; harmonizes 
with disposition, 54, 231; Allouez speaks, 8^» 33, 35; resembles 
Illinois, 66, 245. Mission among, 54, 227-231; Jesuits with, 58, 
23, a7, 71, 148; attitude toward Jesuits, 58, 63. Iroquois hostile 
to, 58, 201, 6a, 71-73» 79» 151 ; live with Mascoutens, 88, aox, 209, 

88, 293, 89f loi ; Sioux hostile to, ^j^^ 203. Fur trade with French, 

89, 223; Céloron with, 69, 183, 187-189; guide De Joannes, 187; 
Detroit convenient to, 193 ; English with, 187. 

Miamis, les. 5>^ Ports: Miami. 

Mica: in Acadia, 3, 69; in Laurentides, 8» 286. 

Mice: infest Huron cabins, I8, 246; as food, 6, 267, 8^» 127; in 

Indian folk-lore, la, 35, 270. 
Michabou (Michabo, Michabous). See Manabozho. 
Michaketchits, an Algonkin, 34, 257. 
Michaud, Louis G., and Joseph P.: Biographie univer selle ^ cited, 

4, 265, 271, 71, 336. 
Michaux, André: his journey in Canada, 71, 338; cited, la, 269. 
Michel, sails for Prance, 38, 53- 
Michel, Algonkin convert: named for saint, 31, 139. 
Michel, Attikamègue convert: recites public prayers, 31, 2x3, 223. 
Michel, Huron convert: conducts ChastiUon, 33, 8$. 
Michel, a Loup: accused of stealing furs, 67, 67-69; intoxicated, 69. 
Michel, Masoouten convert: lives at Charter's house, 31, 175; purit^ 

and meekness, 177. 
Michel, Ottawa child: baptized, 36, 107. 
Michel, Jacques, a Huguenot: aids English, 8» 41» ^» 105; death, 3» 

4X, 6, 105-X07, 328 ; corpse maltreated by Indians, 8» 41» ^% 107. 



146 JESUIT RELA TIONS [MldieflMt 

MicheiUnt, H., editor, 71, 245-246. 

Michelle, Algonkin convert: baptism and death, 9, 37-41. 

Michesaking, 44, 251. See Mississaguas. 

Michibichi, manitou of waters and fishes, 67, 1 59-161. See also 
Manabozho. 

Michigan (sUte), 94. 308; Indians in, 8, 298, 14, 286, ao, 308, 44, 
324-325, 71, 290; Jesuits in, 46, 301, 50, 322, 71, 237. Counties — 
Delta, 44, 324; Marquette. 50, 322. History, 71, 318-320. 324; 
geology, 344. See also Lakes: Michigan. 

Michigan Geological Survey: Reports^ 71, 344. 

Michillimackinac (Mackinac, Michilimachinack, Michilimackinac, 
Michilimakina, Michilimakinac, Michilimakinak, Michilimakinang, 
Michillimakinac, Missilemakina, Missilimackinac. Missilimakinac, 
Missilimakinac, Missimilimakinac), name applied to mainland, 
island, straits, and Indians, 69, 203, 64, 279, 66, 51. 53; applica- 
tionof name, i, 317, 55, 319; location, 66, 283; climate, 283; cen- 
ter of fur trade, 283 ; Detroit convenient to, 69, 193 ; St Lusson 
and Perrot at (1671), 10, 322; mission at (St. Ignace), i, 221, 57, 
249, 61, 93-95» loi, 6a, 201, 64, 149, 66, 207; Jesuits at, 50, 326. 
59, 91. 60, 51, 209. 64, 278, 65, 59, ICI, 189, 66, 207, 247» 267, 
279-^83, 67, 153, 161, 68, 251,281, 289, 69, 289; fìshing station at, 
59, 217; Indians at, 217-219, 61, 69, 6a, 193, 64, 281, 66, 107, 70, 
251; commandants at, 6a, 274, 63, 303-305, 65, 271-272, 69, 294; 
Dutch and English trade at (1687), 63, 281; Cugnet, farmer of 
revenue at, 69, 290; massacre of English garrison at (1763), 70, 
317; parish register of, cited, 69, 290, 70, 310, 71, 234, 256; 
description, 253 ; relation of, 253 ; smallpox among Indians at, 291 ; 
history, 317. 5<f^ a/j^ Islands: Mackinac; Mackinac, Missilimaki- 
nac (Indians), and St. Ignace. 

Michisaguek, Algonquian tribe: location, 33, 149. 

Michtabouchiou. See Manabozho. 

Michtaemikouan. See Atogouaekouan. 

Michtan. See Maple, sugar. 

Michtassini, 68, 43. See Mistassins. 

Micmacs (Mie Macs), i, 305, 309, 310, a, 307, 3, 300, 17, 242, 18, 260, 
30, 305. 37, 267. See Souriquois. 

Midas. 19, 59. 

Mide'wiwin (" Grand Medicine" Society), Algonquian confraternity, 
59i 308, 71, 280; in Book of the Dead^ 276. See also Confrater- 
nities, and Indians: medicine-men. 

Midges: not found in north, 46, 279; infest Mississippi, 65, 161; in 
Montagnais country, 68, 63. See also Flies, Gnats, And Mos- 
quitoes. 

Midland Harbor, Ont., Indian sites near, 19, 272. 

Miege, Guy: French Dictionary^ 71, 353. 



M«e.fMrtids] INDEX 147 

Mignardé, , siem-: lieutenant in Carignan regiment, 50, 133. 

Mignot, Jean, dit Chfttillon: wishes to marry Indian gid, 30, 157; 
commands war-party, 173; marriage, 304; ^etcb, 304- 

Mikissiotia: Eagle dan of Ojibwas, 58, 293: mission to, 41. 

Mikotiachakhi, Montagnais tribe: location, a^t 311; bear ofCbris- 
tianity, 155. 

Miles, Frederick B.: Atlas of Ontario^ cited, 34, 249, 71, 363. 

Miles, Henry H. : Canada Under French Régime, 71, 298. 

Mfles, Henry, Jr.: Prue Questions Canad, Hist, 71, 298. 

MiUET (Millet), Pierre (Peter), Jesuit, 71, 134; arrives in Canada 
(1668), 64, 275; Iroquois names, 17, 242, 56, 43. 64, 85, 91, 276; 
goçs to Iroquois country (1684), 275; returns to Canada (1684), 
275; captured by Oneidas (1689), 275; captivity among (1689-94), 
67, 119, 133, 243-245, 275; Oneidas adopt, 91-93* 276; Oneida 
woman saves bis life, 65, 27, 261 ; Oneidas restore, 64, 259, 275 ; 
death (1708), 275; sketch, 275, 71, 151. 
Missionary labors : assigned to Iroquois mission (1668), 64, 27$; 

with Iroquois (1668-84), i, 30, 64, 275; with Onondagas, 51, 251, 5a; 

153, 161, 53. 53. «53. «57. 5». 57, $6, 39. 43. 57. 131. I55. I7i; with 

Oneidas, 56, 27. 57, 129. 59. 77, 241. 61, 21, 165, 185. 6a, 233; bap- 

tises Andaste captivé, 5a, 167; cures Garakontié, 57, 139; at Forts 

Frontenac and Niagara (1684-89), 64, 119, 275; at Lorette, 275; 

Iroquois ask for (1697), 275 ; Charlevoix with, 275. 

Writings : letters — (^//. 1669-70), 53. 7, 16-17, 261-299, 54, 7, 

9-IO, 21-51. 7". 196; (^^/. 1672-73). 5^. 179-205, 57. 7. 13. "3-125. 

308, 7«. 197; (^^A 1673-74). 58. 7. 15. 179-205. 71. 198; {liei, 1676- 

77). 60, 9, 18, 183-185, 71, 199; (1691), 64, 7. 13, 67-107, 270-271, 

71, 201. 

Milford, Eng., TumeU at, 4, 69. 

Militia: of Canada, 40, 161, 191, 69, 179; Le Neuf organizes, 8, 310; 
temporary, la, 213; officers in, ai, 318, 37, 312, 36, 249, 43. 321. 
64, 275, 65, 271, 67, 331, 336, 70, 312; needed to repel Iroquois, 
44, 229, 323; at Montreal, 35, 290; at Three Rivers, 47, 315; take 
part in war against Iroquois, 49, 237, 50, 131-133, 139, 181; of 
Holy Family (Montreal), 48. 95, 295, 50, 319; in Denonville's 
expedition, 63, 269; organised at New Orleans, 68, 187: number, 
70, 169; courage, 159-161; exploits in war, 107, 119, 167; at siege 
of Fort George, 155, i73-i75. 181, 191; history, 44, 323, 7i. 3". 
Of Massachusetts, 36, 239-241 — volunteers, loi, 109, iii; English, 
march against French, 66, 199; attack Norridgewock, 346; substi- 
tute for military service, furnished by vassal, 71, 67. See also 
Army, French; Fl3ring camp. Garrisons, and Soldiers. 

Milk, thickened, food of young warriors, 68, 151. 

MilU'pertuis, 7, 39; described, 309. 



148 JESUIT RELA IIONS [MM» 

Mille Roches, Céloron at, 69, 153. 

Millers, at Quebec, 3a, loi, 36, 125. Set also Guilds, and Workmen. 

Millet, species of grain: cultivated in Louisiana, 69, 211. 

Millet, Jean, seventeenth century Parisian publisher, 1, 53, 57, a. 

ia3. 189- 
Millouer (Milouer), Jean, dU Dumaine (Du Maisne): marriages, 3a, 

313 ; his first wife bequeaths money to parish church, 4a, 277-279. 

Mills: at Port Royal, a, 165, 169; Jesuit, at La Vacherie, a8, 201- 
203, 209, 217: owned by Jesuits, 34, 51; at Cap au Diamans, 45. 
109; Jesuit, at Sillery, 66, 43; Jesuit, at Quebec, 65, 183; on 
Jesuit estates, 71, 83, los. At Detroit — flour, 70, 21-23, 29, 39, 
43-45i 57. 61-63; liunber, 33, 39; method of operating, 305. 

Milman, H. H., English historian: ** Jesuits and Clement XIV..*' 
cited, 70, 315. 

Milnes, Sir Robert Shore, thirteenth English governor of Canada: 
opposes garant of Jesuit estates to Amherst, 71, 393 ; term as govern- 
or (1799-1805), 119- 

Milwaukee, Wis., 54, 307, 60, 320; an early trading-post, 70, 309. 

Minabô'sho, Ojibwa legend of, ao. 306. Ste also Manabosho. 

Mineral water, in Mascouten country, 59, 99-101. 

Mines and minerals: effect of, on colonisation, i, 5; Indians taught 
to work, 33-34; sought in Acadia, a, 301; of Acadia, 3, 69, 295, 
65, 262; in Laurentides, 5, 286; discovered in Canada, 8, 13, 289; 
of Quebec, 289; development of, 19, 121; Huron employed to 
reconnoiter, a8, 243; De TEspinay owns, 48, 237; at Gaspé, 49» 
171; Talon directs search for, 50, 243, 51, 171; in Mexico, 66, 225: 
Spaniards own, 225, 293 ; in Illinois, 69, 221-223 ; authorities must 
be informed of, 71, 79; of Canada, 343-34S; English mining com- 
panies in Acadia, 3, 296. Copper — a8, 229, 55, 99, 65, 265, 66, 
227. 67, 339; of Lake Superior, 45, 219-221, 50, 327, 54. i53-i55. 
55t 237. 69, 39; Johnson's report on, 50, 327; De Lusson seeks, 
55, 320; Le Sueur discovers, 66, 338. Gold — 9, 171, a8, 229, 59, 
87, 67, 339; near Delaware River, a8, 109. Iron — 59, 107, 65, 
III, 265, 69, 39; in Canada, 5, 286, 8, 289, 38, 243, 63, 291; in 
Acadia, 3, 69, 296; on St. Pierre Island, 63, 289; in Spain, 289; 
along Mississippi, 59, 14s; at St. Maurice, 69, 291. Lead — 65, 
105, 173, 265, 66, 227, 293; on Lake Superior, 45, 219-221; Perrot 
discovers, 55, 320; Le Sueur discovers, 66, 338; in Missouri, 
348-349; in Wisconsin, 348, 70, 316. Silver— 9, 171, 65, 157, 
173, 66, 227. Tin — 66,227, 393. Zinc — in Missouri, 66, 348-349. 

Mines, Acadian seigniory, 3, 296. 

Mingan, post of: injures trade of Sept Isles, 69, 123; Indians of, on 
Rivière aux Huitres, 123 ; Maurice at, 135. 

Mini. Si4 Mesny, Antoine. 



1 INDEX 149 

Minigo, a, 306. Set Islands: Orleans. 

Minimes, ecclesiastical order, a, 175; origin of, 300. 

Ministers: of New England — friendly to Druillettes. 31, 905, 36, 
91, 95; friendly to Pierron, 59, 73. Of Boston, open mission 
among Abenakis, 67, 97. Set also Calvinists, Heretics, Hugue- 
nots, Lutherans, aiM^ Protestants. 

Minitik oaten entagongiban. See Islands: Montreal. 

Minium: Hospital ntms ask for, 49, 207; red oxide of lead, 277. 

Minnesota (state), 44, 334, 60, 321, 66, 338 ; snowshoes used in, 5, 
285; Sioux in, 68, 329; Pipestone county, 59. 310; history, 71, 322; 
geology, 344-345. 

Minnesota Geological and Natural History Survey: Reports^ 71, 344. 

Minnesota Geological Survey: Reports, 1877, cited, 59, 31a 

Minnesota Historical Society: Collections, cited, 58, 293, 71, 293, 
322. 

Minnetarees (Meunitarris), western tribe: location, 10, 32s; belief 
regarding bones of game, ao, 31a 

Minquas, Dutch name for Huron-Iroquois tribe: location, S, 301; 
sell lands, 301 ; Black, 301 ; identity, 71, 294. See also Andastes, 
Conestogas, nm/ Susquehannas. 

Miracles: biblical, loaves and fishes, 24, 117. Recorded by Jesuits, 
10, 73, 19, 63-65. «>, "9. AA. 39-41, 4^. 187-191, 197-199. 50. «3- 
25, 45-53» 87-89. 51. 79. 99-ioi. 5^. 21. 81. I3i. 229-233, 53, 27, 
7if 77t 54i X47f 60, 87, 63, 207 ; knowledge of language miracu- 
lously imparted, 19, 129; blindness healed, 18, 25-27, JO, 23-25; 
pests driven away, 18, 85; sickness cured, 11, 127, 17, loi, 279- 
281, IS. 211, 19, 129-131, JO, 25-27, J3. 121, J4, 21-23, ^5, 171. ^. 
227, ^7. 41. ^9. 159. 171. 197-199. 3<>. 97. 119. 131. 3i. 151. 177, 
I97^»99. 229, 267, 3a, 45-47, 199. 223, 263. 277, 299, 33, 157-159. 34. 
"7. 35, 231. 245-247. 277, 36, 199-201, 37, 65. 38, 17-25. 40, 243- 
245. 41. 193. 45, 53. 63, 71, 47, 205, 213, 48, 53. 5©, 121-123, 5I. 
89-99. 55, 119-129, 287-289, 56, 23-27. 91. 95-99, i09-"3. 213, 239. 
57, 223-233, 58, 27-29, 65. 71, 89, 16X-163, 263, 59, 71. 201, 205, 60, 
59-65, 223-225, 317, 63, 223, 65, 31-33, 109; Santa Casa (Holy 
House) transported to Loreto, 18, 256; picture animated, 19, 205; 
at Notre Dame, Paris, aa. 207 ; storm stilled, 33, 175 ; protection 
in battle, 177; converts protected from storm, a6, 251-253, 311; 
life saved by prayer, 37, 165; htmters saved, 29, 179; light on 
martyr's face, 31, 123; conversion, 159, 36, 205; insanity cured, 
33, 233 ; medicine-men claim to work, 33, 221 ; rain, in time of 
drouth, 35, 85; escape from death, 187; release of prisoner, 36, 
29-31 ; escape from drowning, 38, 165 ; pope forbids unauthorised 
publication of, 211; Louis IX., of France, at sacrament, 39, 145; 
escape from wreck. 40, 243; at Ste. Anne, 50, 211, 54, 299; regu^ 



IfO JESUIT RELA TIONS [i 



Minidcs (oootiiiiied)— 

lation o€ cfaurcfa regarding, 51, 87; at grave of Catherine Tegi». 

kwita, é9, 376. 
Mirage, on St Ifaurice River, 37, 23. 
Miramicfay, district in Acadia, 45, 59. 
Mirgré. See David, A. 
Mirrors: bttming, necessary in Jesuit oatfit, la, 117; symbolica 

o^t 53f 263; doable, given to Indians, 59, 179; metal plates 

<^ M* 337; Indians fond of, 337; buried with chief, 67, 157. 
Miscegenation, in Illinois country, 69, 145. See also Indians: mar- 

riages. 
Mischitia, Montagnais convert: baptized, 59, 63. 
Miscon (Miskou), district of, extent, 45, $9- See also Islands: 

Miscon. 
Misconian language, 37, 191 ; appellation explained, 267. See eds9 

Souriquois. 
Miserere, Iroquois awed at, 39, 93. 
Miskouaskotttan, Joseph, Algonldn convert: baptism and death, 9, 

33-35. 

Miskoutenagachit, district or village near Hudson Bay, 56, 187. 

Missals: as presents, a8, 243; prayers for emperor in, 33, 81; in 
ecclesiastical procedure, 35, 37 ; Roman, Hospital nuns ask for, 
50. 163. 

Missibizi (Michibichi), 50, 289, 328, 54. 155, 157, 67, 159, 161. See 
Manaboeho. 

Missilimakinac, Algonquian Indians: origin of name, 55, 159; loca- 
tion and population, 159; defeated by Iroquois, 159. 

Missilimackinac (Missilemakina, Missilimakinac, Missilimakinak, 
Missimilimakinac), i, 221, 55, 159. 61, 93. 95, loi, 6a, 193. 201, 203. 
63, 281, 64, 149, 67, 153, 161, 68, 251, 281. 289, 71. 253. See 
Mackinac, and Michillimackinac. 

Missionaries, 65, 213-215, 227, 233, 243, 7a, 18; Canadian, author- 
ised by archbishop of Rouen. 16, 257; qualifications of, 11, 11, 33, 
143-145. ^■.««3-235; advice to. 10. 87-115. la, 115-123. 5«. 141. 56, 
302. 63. 261-267; how maintained, 71. 97; equipment, la, 117, 37, 
203; mode of life, 15, 163-167, 183; occupations. 16. 241-249; hard- 
ships, perils, etc, i. 25-26. 28, 273, 308, 3. 147. 151. 157, 227, 243. 
«99. 4. «35-241» 355. 8. 79-83, 99. 288. 10. 89-101, 109, II. 239-247, 
13, 89-91. 237. 13. 147. 159. 165. 209, 213-219, 14, 15. 27, 53. 79, 99, 
103-105. 187-189, 243. 249-253. 267-273, 15. 13-15. 19-21. 25-51. 57- 
61. I07, 121. 135. 151-153. 159. 169, i8i. 199, 16. 39, 53. 93. 109, 125. 
155. 163. 237, 17. 11-17. 45. 59. 89-91. "5-127. 195. 203. 207, 221, 227- 
229. 233, 237. «8. "-13. 17-19. 25. 33. 39^41. 67-71. 257. 19. 79. 91-97. 
115-117. 127-129, 135, 149, 167. 175. 183. 197, 203. 207, 213, 217, 247. 



1 INDEX 161 



30. «9-31, 45-55. 59-61, 73. 77. 95. 99. 105. 215. ai, 119, 165-167. 179- 
181, 907-399* 235-237. 318. «3. 35. 117-119. 179. 185-189, 999-231, 949- 
251. 3«6, 34, 47. 137, 193-195, a8i, 299-301, 35, 43. 69-71, 85, 109, 
113, 947-949. ^. 43-49. I«9. 193. 303-307, »7. 53. 69. 137. «I5. «S. 
41-45. 49-57. "9. «3-"7. ^9. 95. 229, 30. 89. loi, 109-11X, 195, 31. 
i«3. 193-195. 297. 235, 249-955. 267. 3», 265. 975. 33. 19. 143, 
155. 231, 34, 169-171, 181-183, 207. 35. 8i. 97, 117, ^31. 153. 
163-169. 975. 37. 19-37. 51, 65, 141. 187. 245-249, 259-261. 3«, 41-47, 
273-275, 3î^ 93. 53-55, 73. 99. lox, 107-117. 125-141. I5i-I53, 203, 
235. 40, 29-31, 37-39, 125, 129. 14^151. 221, 46, 79-81. 47. X67. 
173. 48. 117-119. 147-149. 249. 259-265. 50, 257-259. 5«. 71. 137-139. 
259. 5». "7-119. Ï49. 171. 185-193, 215, 53. 59. 73-75. I53. 245. 296. 
»4. 37. 75-77. loi, 121, 139. 211-213. 239. 253. 3». 91. I35. I43- 
145. 155. 171, 56, 35. 51-53. 5^3. 73--87. 97. 129-131. I37, 159-161, 
167-169, 209, 215, 57. 67, 83-85. 91. 177-183, 201, 233-^35. 239-241, 
271-273. 3*. 37. 55-57. 67, 177, 215, 237, 59. 25, 35-37, 41. 67. 81, 
306, 60, 143. 173-175. 187. 201, 233-235, 61, 19, 79-85. 95. 137. 159- 
161, 165, 237, 63, 67, 193, 155, 183, 191, 207-209, 217-221. 225, 229, 
63, 221, 64, 129-131, 183. 195-199. 263, 65. 43-49. 195-247. 66. 25. 
149, 171-181, 207. 219, 235, 239, 247, 253-257. 263, 269-271, 277, 67, 
45, 141. 151, 68, 219. 251. 279. 295, 301-303, 69, 47, 61. 149, 205, 
235, 70, 235, 241, 253. With De Monts, i, 5 ; French aid, 33, 33 ; 
dress in Indian costtune, 39, 177; Indian beliefs regarding, 55, 205, 
217; union among, 63, 181; garrisons and voyageurs hostile to. 
65, 215. 67, 79; desire for increase in number of, 66, 209; accom- 
pany Indian war-parties, 70, 91-93, 101-103. 109. 123. 129. 133. 145, 
159-161. 165; refuse to sanction Indian cruelties, 115, 1 27-131. 163; 
influence of, upon Indians, 133-137, 237-241 ; in French parishes of 
Illinois, 71. 39-41 ; killed by Indians {see Martyrs) ; Jesuit, alpha- 
betical list, 127-137; chronological list, 137-181. Catholic laymen 
organize, society, 66, 333. English Protestant, amono: Massachu- 
setts Indians, 63, 276. See also Capuchins, Jesuits, Récollets, 
Séminaire des Missions Étrangères, and Sulpitians. 
Missions: relation of fur trade to, i, iq; interest of France in 
Canadian. 10, 7, 87; Laval interested in, 34, 310; Laval extends, 
45. 270; compared to Crusades, 191; see also Jesuits: missions. 
Secular priests conduct, in West and South, i, 18 ; Iroquois, on St. 
Lawrence, continued, 32; among Natches, 36, 65, 262, 66, 1 31-133; 
among Tonicas, 65, 262, 67, 309. In China, 6, 25, 51, 139. 65, 262, 
M*35; persecutions in, 68, 335. In Brazil, 6, 25. In Tonquin, 
51, 139. Protestant, to New England Indians, 36, 239. Books 
relating to — Catholic, in United States, 71, 241, 288; early, in Can- 
ada, 305 ; on ChequamegoQ Bay, 3 19. Protestant — United Brethren, 
71, 288; to Abenakis, 67, 97-99; to Delawares, 71, 288; toOjlbwas, 



168 JESUIT RELA TIONS [MImIom 

Missions (ooatinued) — 

391 ; to Massachusetts Indians, 71, a88, 336. See aho Capacfalns, 

Jesuits, Protestants, RécoUets, a;»i/ Sulpitians. 
Missions Étrangères, Société des. Sêê Séminaire des Missions Étran- 



Missipicouatong (Michipicoten), copper found near, 54, 153. 

Missipissi: Ottawa Neptune, 57, 287-289; feasts to, 389, 293. See 
Manabozho, «mi^ Missibisi. 

Mississaguas (Michesaking, Michisaguek, Misisager, Missisaguas, 
MîftpiffftVîlrif, Missisakis, Missisaquis, Mississagué, Mississakis, 
Oumisagai), Algonquian tribe, 33, 149, 44, 351; Nation of the 
Sault, 45, 105; location in seventeenth century, 18, 331, 45, 270, 
54t 133; present location and population, 18, 259; practice polyg- 
^uny, 57, 3x5; pride and arrogance, 215. Flee toward north, 
45, 270; allies of Iroquois, 270, 57, 21 ; averse to peace with Sioux, 
58, 257. Desire French, 45, 105; history, etc., 71, 290. 

Mississagpié (Missisak, Mississaquenk), appellation designating 
village or location of Mississaguas, 55, in, 56, 103, 59, 217; 
mission at, 55, 133*137« 

Mississippi (Messipi, Misciscipi, Missisipi, Missisipi, Mississipi, 
Mississipy, Mitchi-sipi), appellation of river, cotmtry, and state, 
67, 267; application of term, 279-281, 343; settlers in, 281-285, 
293; climate, 311; map of, cited, 303, 333-334. Valley — topog- 
raphy, 59, 145; fauna, 109-113, 149, 309, 69. «09; fruits, 59, 139; 
flora, 147; Laval extends missions into, 45, 270; La Salle ti^es 
possession of, for France (1682), 57, 317; stone implements used 
in, 63, 306; D'Outreleau in, 67, 342; Capuchins daim authority 
throughout, 71, 35; mounds in, 265, 269; pottery from, 284; (basin) 
cartography, 365. Indians from, in Paris, 68, 329. " Scheme 
(1719)1" 65, 265; described, 67, 339-340; stimulates map-making, 
343-344; speculation in stocks, 340. Company [see Companies: 
Indies). State, Cha'htas in, 68, 328. History, 71, 325. See als0 
Rivers: Mississippi. 

Mississippi Historical Society: Publications^ cited, 66, 343, 71, 26s, 

330- 

Missouri (Missouris), Siouan tribe, 65, 107; location, 64, 279; lan- 
guage, 171; compared to Illinois, 171; Illinois seek alliance with, 
161, 169; French establish fur-trade relations with, x6x, 169-171. 
See also Rivers: Missouri. 

Missouri (state), first settlement in, 70, 316; mines in, 65, 265, 66, 
348-349. TO. 316; history, 71, 318, 322, 324; traveb in, 340; geology, 
344. See also Rivers: Missouri. 

Missouri Greological Survey: Reports^ 66, 349, 71, 344. 

Mistaasins (Michtassini, Mistasiniouek, Mistasiriniens, Mistasirinins, 



!] INDEX 158 

MistasslTÌiiias, Mktasiriais), northern tribe: origin and meaning 
of name, 68, 43 ; location, 43 ; population, 45 ; character and dispo- 
sition, 45-47, 69, 115; beliefs and legends, 68, 43-51; medicine, 
men among, 49; give name to lake, 56, 179; Iroquois hostile to, 
50, 37. Hear of Christianity, 24, 155 ; with French, 56, 157, 171 ; 
guide Jesuit, 167; desire Jesuits, 207, 60, 249; await missionary 
at Lake St John, 56, 211; Jesuits with, 61, 85, 69, 129; at Sague- 
nay mission, 68, 55; converts among, 69. Trade — with French 
and English, 68, 45; trading posts among, 115; dependent upon 
post at Chicoutimi, 69, in; fur trade, 11 5-1 19, 125. 

Mistikoman, Barnabe, Montagnais convert: cured at hospital, i6, 31. 

Mitasse (Mitasses), Algonkin word: explained, 67, 334; English 
equivalent, 334; materials used in, 334, 70, 57; ornamented, 67, 
334, 68, 265; as present, 67, 59; at Detroit mission, 69, 249, 257- 
259. «63, 70, 41, 45-47; prices, 23. See also Leggings. 

Mitft'wit, Indian confraternity, 30, 303. See also Midë'wiwin. 

Mitchigamea, village of Indians of same name: location, 59, 313; 
Marquette at, 151-153; interpreter from, 151. 

Mitchigamias (Metchigamea), western tribe: location, 59, 3x3, 65, 
264; Marquette with, 59, 1 51-153, 65, 264; in New Orleans, 68, 
203. 

Mitchi-sipi, " the great river,'* 51, 289. See Rivers: Mississippi. 

Mitchitamou, northern Algonquian tribe: location, 18, 229. 

Mitchitiou, Pentske ("the eagle"), Montagnais convert: baptized, 

59. 63. 

Mitewemeg (Mitiwemeg, Mitwemeg), Algonkin chief: intoxicated, 

43, 29; Mohawks capture and release, 45, 87; joins Dollard, 245. 
Mitewamegoukwe, Marie, Algonkin convert: marries a Frenchman, 

37, 365. 

Mitigoukwe, Jeanne, Algonkin convert: baptized, 34, 233-235; mar- 
riage, 233. 

Mittens (mitts), as present, 35, 31 ; in Jesuit invoice, 66, 27; material 

for. 70, 57. 

Miville (Bivil), Pierre, dit Le Suisse (" the Swiss"): Iroquois depre- 
dations at home of, 43, 35-37; sketch, 321. 

Mixcoatl, Central American deity: identified, la, 269. 

Mixisoumat, Leonard, an Achirigouan: conversion and piety, 30, 
I I 5-1 19. 

Mnemonic aids: used by Indians — sticks, 10, 293, 29, 139-143, 31, 
333t 37* 4I1 38, 281, 40, 201; notches thereon, 38, 261, 68, 105; 
stones, 54, 65; straws, a6, 6i, 30. 61-63, 37, 53; rosary, 33, 243; 
names of presents, 49, 227 ; characters or lines, ao, 193, 37, 41, 38, 
27, 68, 103-105 ; see also Calendars. System recommended by St. 
Ignatius, 68, 326. 



154 JESUIT RELA TIONS [MalftM 

Mnistes, abbreviation of Mennonites, q.v., j8, 109, 313. 

Moaghs, 36, 79. See Mohawks. 

Moasham, appellation of New England district: location, 3, 197. 
See also Mawooshen. 

Mob-caps, needed at hospital, 49, 309. 

Mobile, Ala., 65. 263. 265, 66, 338, 339, 345, 6S, 187, 69, 213, 235, 70, 
267; Indians near, 65, 179, 267; French colony at, 63, 30s, 65, 
265, 270, 66, 341-342; founded by Bienville, 65, 179, 70, 223; 
presents to Indians distributed at. 239 ; ceases to be capital, 67, 
340; surgeons at, 65, 264, 66, 63; church register, cited, 67, 344; 
history, 71, 325. 

Mobilians, Maskoki tribe, 65, 175; location, 179; history, 271. 

Moccasins, 10, 187, 13, 251; made by women, 23, 219, 68, iii; mate- 
rial, 4, 205, 68, 265; how made, 7, 15-17; softness, 36, 33; worn 
by Indians, 40, 139, 145. See also Shoes. 

Mocosa (Moscosa): application of name, a, 251, 309, 3, 275, 4, xoi. 
See also Virginia. 

** Mohawk, the Great," 63, 302. See Kryn. 

Mohawks (Moaghs, Mowak), 8, 298-301, 36, 238, 41, 85-87, loi, 4a, 
51, 255, 49. 261, 273, 50. 320, 51, 249. 54. 306; etymology of term. 
44. 331; called Maquas, 8, 300; see also Ag^iers, Aniers, Annie. 
Location, 17, 77, 33, 65, 49, 139, 151, 61, 165, 66, 187; their coun- 
try described, 56, 49; migrations, 8, 299, 300, 51, 295; population, 

34, 271, 45, 207, 47. 93. 217. 49. »57; losses in population, 
139. »3, 155; villages, 8, 300, ai, 21, 24, 271, «9. 53, 3«. 243, 40. 
155. 45, 207, 49, 257, 5", 205. 294-295; rank in League, 8. 300; 
dans, 300, 9, 314, »9, 294, 44, 123. 53. 221 ; language, 8, 300, 50, 
323. Character, 45, 203. 47, 103, 217, 49, 139, 61, 241; bravery, 

35, 59* 40, 163, 45, 209; cruelty, 43, 63; vindictiveness, 40, 165; 
arrogance, 33, 123, 40, 169; perfidy, 165. 177-181, 189, 41, 213, 
4a, 39-41. 43, 181; drunkenness among, 51, 217; smallpox brought 
by, 14, 9; celebrate feast of the dead, 53, 213; chiefs complain of 
liquor traiSc, 67, 41. Infest Ottawa River, 33, 69; at Richelieu 
Islands, 45, 249; at Tadoussac, 46, 173-175; at Nikaubau, 47, 151; 
their supremacy gained through firearms, 45, 203-205 ; history, 71, 

293. 

Relations with other tribes: other Iroquois tribes — insolence to, 

41, 201-203, 219; jealousy of, 201, 43, 129, 163-165; hostilities with, 
41, 199-201, 43, 103. 109-111, 115. 137-139, Ï67, 44. 149-151; «id 
Senecas against Neutrals, 38,61. Abenakis — hostilities with, 36, 
79, 45» 205. Algonkins— at peace with, 37, 79, a8, 277-279, 99, 147; 
hostilities with, 5, 289, 34, 271, 27, 99-101, a8, 149, 301, 40, 157, 
41, 225, 4«, 33, 45, 22T-235, 43, 27-29, 44, 203-205, 45, 205. An- 
dastes— war with, 33, 133, 38, 191, 43, 179, 45, 205. Bries— defeat 



MdagoiMS] INDEX 16i 

them, 45, 309. Etechemins — war with, 47, 279. Htutms — at peace 
with» a8. agS'-soi, 39, 147; hostilities with, a8, 301, 33, 89, X25'i27, 
35i 39; ^^^ their captives, 40, 115, 177-183; designs against them, 
38, 199, 41, 19. 43-49. 57-59. 4«. 261, 43, 33, 43-49, 53; hostilities 
with, on Orleans Island, 4a, 33, 63, 227-335, 43, 105, 115-125, 137, 
187, 45, 20s; carry them into slavery, 43, 49-5$! 187-197, 44, 189. 
Loups— allies of, 41, 79, 46, 87; war with, 43, 179, 53, 137-159; 
condtude peace with, 57, 81. Mohegans — conquer them, a8, 275« 
Montagnais — hostile to, 44, 203-205. Ottawas — war with, 48, 75. 
Sokokis — war with, 34, 311, 37,97. Capture converts from Sault 
St Louis, 64, 57. 

Relations with white men : Dutch — allies of, i, 25, 38, 191 ; trade 
with, 34, 271, 41, 213, 43* 99. 179. 45. 205, 49, 151 — furnished by 
them with firearms, 45, 203 (see also Dutch, and Firearms) ; ransom 
for captives offered by, J5, 287 ; attack, 4a, 41-43 ; grant land to Del- 
lius, 64, 277. English — allies of, 64, 105, 143, 66, 346; envoy sent 
by Massachusetts, 64, 276. French — visit French settlements, a8, 
147. 155. 159. 171. 183. 39. 149: peace with, 37, 79, 38, 275-287. 291- 
295, 315» 39. 145-147, 211. 249. 38, 195-199. 40. 145-149. 155-193. 
41, 215-21 7i 225, 43, 255; embassies and conferences, 39. 47-49, 59t 
189, 43, 261, 43, 37-39. 45-49. 107-113. 44. 205-213, 223. 231, 48, 85. 

50, 137, 211. 53, 135-137; hostilities with, 31, 21, 35, 287, 36, 7g, 38, 
59, 63, 189-199, 40, 91-93. 97-113. 121-123, 141, 4", 215, 43. 67-69, 115- 
117, 165, 179. 44, 163, 229r-23i, 233, 45, 81. 46. 119, 173. 179. 47, 83- 
93. 49. 119-125. 50, 139, 159, 193; routes for, to Canada, 40, 147. i55. 
49. 255, 267; country invaded by French, i, 30, 35, 293, 47, 320, 49, 
257. 274. 5«, 203. 54, 265. 56, 2g, 58. 171, 65. 25-27; sue for peace, 

51, 81 ; attack La Montague mission, 63, 275 ; offer troops to French, 
255 ; many remove to Canada, 35, 292 ; sing religious songs, 57, 93. 
Mohegans (Mahicans, Mohicans, Mohighens; Loups, Wolves), Al- 

gonquian tribe, i, 309, 8, 300, 36, 79, loi, 103, 243, 44. 97, 47. 
315, 5>, 295, 60, 319; location, 18. 260, 38, 113; at Logstown, 69, 
297. Allies of English, 5, 284, 36, 79, 238 ; under their authority, 
70, 161; hostile to Dutch, 38, 115; promise to aid French against 
Iroquois, 36, 101-103; at St Xavier des Prés. 58, 75. Relations 
with Algonkins. 38, 275; allies of Mohawks, 41, 45, 79, 115, 46, 
87; hostilities with Iroquois, 38, 115, 275, 47, 107, 49, 139-141, 
153. 5>, 203, 249; slain by Hurons, 38, 199; captured by Hurons 
and Algonkins, 41, 11 1; adopted by Abenakis, 70, 135; flee to 
minois, 66, 348 ; historical sketch, 36, 315. See also Loupe, Mahin- 
gans, a;»^ Wolves. 

Mohier, Gervase, Récollet lay brother: sent to Canada, 4, 263. 

Moingonas (Mengakonkia), Illinois tribe, 58, 393; visit Wisconsin 
Indians, 41. 



16« JESUIT RELA TIONS [MoiagWMHi 

Moingwena, Illinois village, 51, 309. 

Moifon, , voyageur: carries furs to Montreal, 69, a6i. 

Molere, Joseph, Jesuit donné: sails for France, 35, 57. 

Molière {pseud, of J. B. Poquelin): Tartuffe, to be played at Que- 
bec, 63, 301. 

Molinbault, 49, 63. See Moulin Baude. 

Mollet, E., Jesuit: letter by, to Martin, 71, 231, 232, 40a 

MoUeton (molton), stuff used for leggings, 69, 257-259, 70, 57; sold 
at Detroit mission, 65. 

Monasteries, 3». ai5» 4S, 159. 5». 107. 7". 383. 

Monceaux, habitation near Quebec: menaced by Iroquois, 43, 37; 
fire at, 47, 299. 

Monceaux, Mlle. de (d'Emery): gift to Quebec parish church, 

4a, 279. 

Monceaux, Anne de {nie Gagnier), 35, 45, 4a, aSi ; in retreat, 35, 
33-35; buries dead Indian, 49; voyage to France, 55, 36, 139, 246; 
second marriage, 4a, 297 {see also Bourdon); g^ft to Quebec 
parish church, 283 ; sketch, 35, 289. 

Monceaux, Claire Françoise de, marriage, 36, 246. 

Monceaux, Jean du Clement du Vault, sieur de: marriage, 35, 289. 

Money: of account, 4, 269; standards of value, 10, 217; value affected 
by fur trade, S, 313; of France, 4, 29, 271 — used in Canada, 69, 
233 ; of Orange, value in castor, 63, 243 ; in Canada, 71, 303, 307, 
3x1; in Nova Scotia, 308; in Louisiana, value, 70, 259, 269; of 
aborigines, 8, 312-314, 15, 37, 159. Articles used as — shells, 8, 
312; fish, ai, 239; peltries. 9, 173-175. 205, ai, 123, aa, 241, 37, 71, 
60, 291, 305, 69. 127, 245-249, 257, 261-263 ; wampum, 8, 314, 9, 
175. 281, 17, 77, 18, 19; beads, 15. 37, 69, 259; earrings, 18. 19; nee- 
dles, 19 ; cards, 69, 233 — history, and citations regarding, 302-303 ; 
ordonnances, 303 ; paper, issued by royal bank of France, 67, 340. 

Monfort, , drowned, 44, 45. 

Monique, Abenaki convert: piety, 63, 73-75, 97-99. 

Monique, blind Algonkin convert: spared by Iroquois, 35, 247; 
instructs Christian captives, 247. 

Monkeys, fondness for their yotmg, 16, 67. 

Monogamy, among Indians, 5, 35, 276, 8, 119. See also Membertou. 

Monopolies: in Canadian trade, 4, 207, 256-258. ò>/ a/j^ Companies, 
commercial, and Fur trade. 

Monroe, George, English officer: refuses to surrender Fort George, 
70, 157; his colleagpie advises capitulation, 169; death, 312. 

Monseignat, : memoir, cited, 64, 273. 

'* Monsieur," a9, 235. See Orleans, Gaston d*. 

Monsonis (Monsounic, Monsounik), tribe near Hudson Bay, 55, 195, 
56, 203, 68, 301 ; receive baptism, 297. 



] INDEX 167 

Monstrance: promised t>y Laval to Illinois mission, 65, S7; Perrot's 
gift to Green Bay mission, history and description, 66, 347. Sê€ 
also Ostensorium. 

If otmt de la Trinité, mountain in Labrador, 49, 49. 

MoNTAGNAis (Montagnaits, Montagnards, Montagnes, Montagnets), 
Algonquian tribe, i, 10, 183. 3, 67, 209, 303, 5, 103, 6, 9, 83. S. 37, 
43. 61, 9, 83. 107, 123, 193, 245. 247, 259, 27Q. 291. «93. 307. "•. P3. 
II, 49, 127, 239. la. 7, 73. 79. 85, H7. 177. ao5, 211, 247. 275. «5. 
149, 223, 18, 127. 31, 41, 49, 53, 33, 24X. 30, 29, 41, 43, 53. 45. 107. ISS. 
47. 309. 49. 35. 165. 273. 56, 261, 68, 81, 99. 107; origin of name, 
33. 303. 48, 1S7. Location, 1, 7, 10, 319, 3. 207. 34. 311; popular 
tion, 3, 73, 3, III; tribes, i8, 227; physique, 5, 23-25, 6, 229; 
endurance, 239; filthy habits, 239. 261-269, 7, 19, 45, 53; gluttony, 

6, 249-251, 7,99; licentiousness, 6,253-255. Disposition and char- 
acter— 34, 123, 39, 123, 68, 53, 59; importunate, 6, 255-261, 7, 
139; ung^teful, 6, 257; haughty, 243; deceitful, 247; treach- 
erous, 8, 41 ; mock at all things, 6, 243-245 ; improvident, 277, 281- 
283.7.47.93. 97-99. «79; good-natured, 83-85; pliable, 5, 151; 
peaceable, 6, 231-235, 247; contented, 231; patient, 45, 233- 
237, 247, 7, 115, 191; compassionate, 113; hospitable, 6, 237. 281, 

7. 177; generous to one another, 6, 237-239, 259; furious toward 
enemies, 245; honest, 5, 123, 6, 249; mental equipment, 5, 25, 33, 
211, 6, 229, 7, 7-9; musical ability, 30, 141; compared with Sou- 
riquois, 38, 33. Mode of life, 36, 221, 65, 43-49; nomadic, 6, 83, 
147-149, 11, 141, 63, 253; resort to Tadoussac, a, 302, 33, 233, 34, 
125-127. 37. 191— to other ports, 48, 297, 49, 39, 59, 306; rendes- 
vous of their tribes, 18, 115 ; Jesuits would render sedentary, 8, 59, 
13, X61-167; some families settle at Sillery, i, 19. 16, 33, 93, 18, 171, 
30. 189, 35, 153, 33, 95, 205 (see also Jesuits: mission colonies — 
Sillery). Customs — 4, 199-201; cannibalism among, 16,81; do not 
eat dogs, 9, iii; punishment of unfaithful women, 16, 205; polyg- 
amous, 63, 249; position of women, 68, 93. Clothing, 7, 9-19; 
paint their faces, 5, 23; occupations, 44, 205, 68, 59, 83, 93-95; 
drunkenness among, 6, 251-253, ii, 197, 34, 137, 145 — punished 
by themselves, 35, 267-271 ; those dwelling inland are temperate, 
63» 255-257; dance at council, 37, 267; use firearms, 6, 309. 
Language: i, 309, 3, 302, 6, 289. 7. 233, 8, 249. 9. 30i, lO, 117. 

Ii. 73. 223-225, 13, 185, 195, 31, 125, 33, 27. 4i. 183. »0, 121, 203, 327. 
W% 239, 59, 57, 68, 37; understood by other Algonquian tribes, 9, 
193, 33, 243, 53, 2x7-219; compared with other Algonquian tongpies. 
34. 145. 30, 139. 44. 239. 46. 71— with Huron, 5, 115; described. 
X13-XX7, 7, 21-33; alphabet, 31; rich in grammatical forms, 21-29; 
deficient in abstract ideas, 2X ; patois of, 18, 258. Studied by Jesuits, 
14, X25, 33, 22X. 49, X67. 53, 215, 68, 55-57. 65, 75; systematised, i. 



168 JESUIT RELA TIONS [MonUffMls 

MoNTAGNAis: Language (continued) — 

17» 5, III, 175, 280, 46, 71, 68, 115, 70, 3x0-311; translations into 
(prayers, gospels, etc), 4. 266. 5. 189. 7. i53-i57. ", «37» ^. I95» «4. 
309. 49. 39» ^8. 57-59. 70, 3"; words and phrases, 4, 266, 5. "5. 187. 
ao5, 6, 157. 161-163, 173, 181-187. 195, 203-207, 231-233, 237, 247-251, 
»67. 273, 279, 285, 289, 293, 297, 301, 313. 7, 23-29. 43. 47. 61-63, 69. 
73. 79-^5. 91. 99. 103. "7. 129. Ï35. 151. 169, 177-179. 187, 203-207, 
«95. 8. 41, 9. 31. 83. 193. 267. II, 87, 151, 203, 231. 255, 259, la, 9, 19, 
153. "6, 81, 97, 103-109, 141, 145, ao, 131-133. 147. 233, aç, 225-227. 
31. 253, 33. 279. 37, 219, 59. 61, 68, 57, 63, 85, 91. 99. Oumamiois 
dialect, 59, 49; jargon used between French and Montagnais, 5, 1x3- 
115. 

Events in history : abuse Michel's corpse, 8, 41 ; inform against 
a murderer, 223; famine among, 7, 145-177, 30, 197; epidemics 
among, 8, 87, 24, 271, JÇ, 123-125, 33, 19; elect a captain, 8, 55; 
visit SiUery, 16, 141, 23, 303-305, 309, 313; act as mediators between 
other tribes, 30, 139, 143. 

Relations with other tribes : Algonkins — allies of, 8, 59, 38, 229; 
trade with, 34, 155. Bersiamites — trade with, 37, 233. Hurons — 
trade with, 6, 273 ; ask them to attack Iroquois, la, 247. Iroquois — 
hostilities with, i, 27, 269, J, 69, 5, 107, 9, 251-255, la, 105, 145-147, 
177, 201, ai, 21, 317, 34, 271-273. 289, a8, 291, 30, 181, 31, X65, 37. 
XII-113, 48, 235. 49, 29, 50, 39-43; negotiations, 5, 49, 37, 249- 
251. Massachusetts Indians — allies, 38, 175. Papinachois — trade 
with, 5a, 219. Sokokis — hostilities with, a8, 277, 29, 53. 

Relations with white men: English — friendly to, 7, 61; trade 
with, 68, 29. French — friendly to, a, 71, 207, 3, 69, 5, 207 ; take refuge 
at Quebec, 93; visit French settlements, ao, 259, a3, 299, 315, a6, 
219, a7, 279, 38, 179: children instructed by, 5, X09, 11, 95, la, 125, 
139« 195. ao, 131 — g^ven to Jesuits, la, 167, 219, 19, 161; fight under 
Champlain, 5, 290; present Iroquois captive to Duplessis-Bochart, 9, 
265-269; ask military aid from French, 229-233, la, i6i-x6i^; con- 
fer with governors, ai, 71, 33, 39; trade with, a, 2ox, 3, 69, 6, 297, 7, 
9-1 1, 17, 97, a I, loi, a4, 135, 143 (see also Liquor traffic), a6, X29, 
49. 173. 51. 269, 6a, 215, 68, 27, 45, 53 {see also Fur trade); unwill- 
ing that French should penetrate within their country, 35, 273-275 ; 
other relations with French, 5, 119, a4, i6x, a6, 103, 107, 14X, 43, 37, 
9a, 227, 68, 53, 65, 79 ; effect of intercourse with, a3, 305. 
Montagnais MS.: cited, 46, 303, 58, 291, 65, 256; contents, 63, 996, 

7«. 228, 379-380. 
Montagne, early appellation of environs of Quebec, 48, 187. 
Montanus, A., early geographer: Nieuwe en Onbehende Weereld^ 

cited, a8, frontispiece, 71, 217. 
Montauban, capitulation of, 7, 310. 



y] INDEX X^ 

Montcalm-Goson de St. Véran, Louis Joseph, marquis de: commands 
French troops in North America, 70, 311-313; heads expedition 
against Fort George, los, 107, 143, 147, 149, 157, 173; letter to 
Monroe, 157; secures from Indians approval of terms granted to 
English, 177, 197; strives to restrain Indian ferocity, 183; death, 
313; biography, 311, 71, 307, 309, 333. 

Montecha, Bernardin, Montagnais convert: baptized, 59, 63. 

Monterenl (Montreuil), Bernard de, Jesuit author, 30, 153; sketch, 
303. 

Montéson, M. P. de, editor of Relations inédites^ 57, 312. 

Montezuma, N. Y. : Indian village sites near, 8, 298; salt springs at, 

43. 326. 

Montfort (Monfort), a, 155-157. See Belot. 

Montgomery, Prof. Henry, antiquarian: explores Huron sites, 5, 

296. Indian Remains^ cited, 5, 296, 71, 266. 
Months, how named by Indians, 16, 359. 
Montigny (abbé de), ecclesiastical title of Laval, q.v., 45. 269. 
Montigny, François JoUiet de, Seminary priest, 65, 105, 117, 143; 

in Louisiana, i, 36 ; at Mackinac, 65, 59-61 ; sketch, 262. Letter 

by. cited. 71, 256-257, 399. 

Montmagny, de, brother of governor: death, a8, 223. 

MoNTMAGNY (Mon-maguy, Montmag^i). Charles Huault de, 9, 141, 

227, 265. 297. 305. 306, 313, II. 67, 69. 83, 87, 89, 143, 173, 177. MS. 

241, 243. «». 53. 81. 95, loi. III, 139, 153, 167, 169, 183, 187, 229, 

245, 15, 219, 223-227. 16, 97, JO, 119, 189, 229, ai. 37. 39, 49, 51, 65. 

109, 301, aa, 83, 34. 289, 309. 35. 159. ^. 107. »7. 87. 91. ^^. i43. 

227, ^9. 247. 30, 171, 201, 3", III, 33, 77. I37, 35. 5i. 4^. 299. 300. 

44. 233, 50, 319; educated by Jesuits, 9. 249; governor of New 
France, 8, 306, 13, 23, 38, 287, 4a, 273, 71, 75 ; arrives in Canada, 
8, 217, 308; lands granted to, 307; delivers lands to Jesuits, 4, 261; 
sponsor in baptism, 8, 219-221, 9, 51, 99, 14, 139, 147, 161, ao, 185, 
215-219. 225, 309, »3, 81-83, 34. 63. 75. »5, 121, a6. 189; friend- 
ship and aid to Jesuits, 8, 307, 11, 227, 14, 271-273, 19, 67, 131, ai, 
67, 73, M, 309-311. «3. 275, 34, 105, 36, 23, »7, 105, a8, 143-145. 
169, 181, 203, 209, 217, 221, 251, 30, 153. 197. 203, 31, 87, 33. 69, 
75; praised by them, 11, 49, 71, 77, 149, 185, 17, 23, 47. «35, 33. 
X31-133; fortifies Quebec, 9, 49, 137; erects Château St Louis, 
7if 390. 73, 19; administers justice, 9, 143; attempts to domesticate 
elk, 131; seal for religion, 149, 295; builds Fort Richelieu, 315, 
3<*. 305; voyage up St. Lawrence, la, 131-137; visits the French 
settlements, 195-231. 235. iS. 87, aa, 211, 37, 87. 93. 279. 
a8, 207, 229, 291, 30, 175, 31, 175, 3a, 185; celebrates birth of dau- 
phin, 14, 265, 15, 221 ; continued in office, 2x7 ; receives nuns, 16, 
19, 18. 75, 5<^> 859; has play acted, 18, 85-87; sends English trav- 



100 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Mofltnnrtre 

MoNTMAONY (continued)— 
éler to Europe, 23s; his chapel burned, 19, 65; builds forts at 
Richelieu River, aa, 89-91, 347, 977, 34, 387 ; advises sending Le 
Jeune to Prance, 23, 269: prohibits liquor traffic with Indians, 24, 
143; protects Dutch, 273, 35, 49; advises Hospital nuns, 193; 
connection with parish church, 27, 95, 109, 115, 155, a8, 179, 193, 

30, 197-199, 33, 85; gifts thereto, 4a, 273-275, 299; punishes 
drunkards, 37, 119; various official acts, 312, a8, 137, 173, 199, 
aoi, 205-207, 211, 3a, 93, 131; correspondence, 34, 293-297, 305. 

31, 87-89, 115, 119, 289-290, 36, 75, 39, 266; landgrants by, 71, 89; 
quiets discontent of habitants, JS, 157; death of his brother, 
223; honored by French, 39, 127; horse presented to, 30, 183; 
plans fort at Sillery, 179; aids Sillery Christians, 31, 171, 175; 
superseded, 23, 328, 3a, loi; leaves Canada, 105; his excellent 
administration, 3a, 39, 33, 273, a8, 47, 271 ; term as governor, 71, 
116; sketch, 8, 307; facsimile writing, 93, 224, 71, 211. Personal 
character — generosity, la, 147, 16, 23; humility, 14, 145; strict- 
ness, 18, 127; piety, 16, 21, 99, 18, 87, aa, 143; acts of piety, 16, 
105, 19, 23, a7. III, a8, 247, 30, 155; defends converts, aa, 125; 
policy toward apostates, ^%^ 261-263. 

Dealings with Indians: policy toward, la, 257; cotmcils with, 9, 
«37-235. «a. 161-165, »■. 41-43, 4^1. 34, 47, as. 265-271, a6, 59-71. 
a7, 137, 239-243, 251-267, 289-303, a8, 291-303, 315, a9, 233; attends 
their ceremonies, 9, 49, aa, 69; sends embassies, 9, 314, 14, 243, 31, 
109, 3>. 69; feasts Indians, 11, 185-187, 15, 229, 18, 127, a4, 75, a7, 
117, 267; asks Hurons to settle near French, la, 195, 255; forbids 
Abenakis to trade in Canada, 187-189; hostilities with Iroquois, 16, 
51* 3i7f 39» 301; they seek peace, a7, 247-249; generosity and aid to 
Indians, 14, 137, 141, 265, 15, 231, 18, 93-95. 105, 19. 67, ao, 221-227, 
ai. 83. 91, aa, 139-141. »4, 117, »6, 83, a7. 297, 303, a9, 235, 40, 59; 
advises them, 18, loi, ao, 161-163, as, 153; captives g^ven to, a7, 
M9. «33. «41. 245. 277. 295, 36, 21 ; other gifts to, a4, 23, a8, 205 ; 
redeems or liberates captives, a3, 283, a4, 193, as, 53, a7, 243-245, 
253* 257, 295, a8, 279, 3a, 151, 36, 23; delivers others to Algonkins. 
30, 195, 3a, 23 ; Algonkins acknowledge, as chief, aa, 91 ; Attika- 
mègues visit, a4, 69; sends Frenchmen to Indian villages, a7, 271, 
a8, 47. a9, 47; dissuades Hurons from war, 30, 165-167; other inci- 
dents, ao, 151, ai, 63, as, 27, 119. 143-147. 187, a7, 113, 235. 297-299, 
s8, 153, 215, 225, 279; attitude of Indians toward, a7, 269, 285; 
Hunm-Iroquois appellation of, ao, 221, 61, 272. 
Montmartre: origin of name, 8, 310; church at, 237; convent, 10, 7, 

II, 59; history, 8, 311. 
Montmignon, abbé Jean Baptiste, edits Littr$s édifiantes, 66, 329. 
Montmirel, 70, 65, 309. See Durand, P. 



MMtTMl] INDEX 161 

Montmorency, Charlotte de: nuuriage, J, 296. 

Mcmtmorency, Henri, dnc de: constable of Prance, 34, 309; viceroy 
of New France, a, 396, 4, 257, 267; asks redress for ArgaU's raid, 
a, 309; treatment of De Caen's company, 4, 357, 17, 243; befriends 
Viau, 35, 292. 

Montmorency, sanlt de, 33, 109. See Palls: Montmorency. 

Montpellier, Prance, a8, 317; university of , founds botanical garden, 
49, 277; cathedral at, 71, 400. 

Montpellier, aS, 203, 317. Set Martin, Antoine. 

Montreal (Mon real, Mon-real, Mon-réal, Monreal. Mont-Real, Mont- 
Reale, Mont Royal, Mont-Royal, Ville-Marie), Que., metropolis of 
Canada, 8, 305, 13, 373, »3, facing 224, 267. 3«». 383. «4. i95. «77. 
289, 293, 397. «5. 19» «5. «83. 289, j6, 3x6, »7, facing 106, 309, 
j8, facing 104, 305. ^9. 59. 233, 30, 171. 173, 355, 365, 3^» »5. loi, 
105, 33, 65, 349, 35, 197, 36, 133, 149. 233» 40, 93. "5* 41. 63, 67, 
71. 77. 85. 91. 97. Ill, 129. »99. 20I, 319, 331, 335, 341, 351, 353, 357. 
«58» 4». 37. 47. 49. 6i, 69, 77. 93, 103. 109, 191. «15. «37. «45. «53. 
«97. 43. «I. 31-35, 47. 51-55. 63, 67. 69, loi. 137, 139, 143. «07. 319. 
320. 3««-3«4. 44. 53. 67. 71, 8$. 87. 91, 99, 103, 105, 10^1x9, i«7-ia9. 
155. 161, 163, 167. 183, 187, 193-197, «01. 207, 211, 213. 2x9-225. 229, 
320, 322, 333, 45. 95-99. 105. 107. Ill, X13, XI7. X19, 151, 161, 163, 
«45. «59. 46, «9-33, 75, "7, "9. "3. I7i, I77. 181-X85, «03. 205, 
2X1, 217, 233-337. 333, 339, 343, 345, 397, 303, 304, 47, 35, 43-49, 69. 

73, 77, 81, 95, 97, lox, X05, 107, III, 151, 155, 157, 177, 189, 193, 213, 
2x7, facing 268, 277, 281, 283, 289, 291, 299, 307, facing 308, 314, 

318, 48, 51, 85. 89-95, 99, 149, X53. 167. 171, «33-237. «59, «9«. «95. 
«96. 49. 107, i«5, 141. 145, 159. SO. 127, 187, X89, 207, 209, 2x3. 315, 

319. 3«o, 3««. 323, 326. 51. 147. 173, 177, 243, 275, 290, 29X, 3a, 23, 
25, aoi, 203, 22X. 243, 26X, 53, 41, 43, 241, 247. 255, 257, 54, 47, 71. 
113. 58. 33, 107, 123. 249. 318. 56, 39. 43. 267, 301, 57, 27-29, 107. 
X41. 143, 149. 209, 253, 281, 308-309, 3x6, 318, 5S. 93. 113. 1 17-123. «94. 
«95. 59. 79. 89, 257. 269, 273, 28X, 285, 291, 305, 60, 287, 3x5, 322, 
61, 105, 169, 241, 6a, 69, X57. 159. 167. 175. «37, «43. «53, «73. «74. 

63, 65, X4Q, 151, 179, «09. «69, «77, «79, 283, 295, 296, 300, 303. 304. 

64, 25, 37. 47, 49. 57, 59. 67, 73. 75, Qi, "9, I35. I39. 145, 149. 255, 
27X, 276, 279, 65. 27, X89, 221-225, 241, 243, 261, 269, 66, 51, 53, 75, 
X9X, 203. 205, 338. 340, 342. 67, 25, 68, 255. 321. 335, 69, 39, X55. 

«53, «69. «79. 281. 304. 

Description: location, 44, 24X, 66, 189, 68, 263; climate, a8, X4X, 
48, 169; hills and mountains of, 46, 35, 48, 85; fertility of soil, 24, 
««9*4^,169. Population — (X643) >4. «2x-««3, (1^6) jç, X45-149; 
French, reduced to fifty (165X), 36, 165; artisans sent to (1653), 40, 
85; settlers of, 23, 328, 37, 3W-313. «S. 316, 67, 335, 69, 261, 293. 
305-308, 3x0; character of settlers, 24, 229, 48, X69; emigrants to 



162 JESUIT RELA TJONS [MMtiml 



Montreal: Description (continued) — 

West from, 70, 305-309. Occupations — commerce with Prance, 37. 
8s; agriculture at, a8, 185, ap, 145-147; fisheries at, 34, 55; center 
for northern trade, 36, 201 ; brandy traffic at, 65, 191 ; trade with 
Detroit, 70, 21, 25, 29-33, 39, 49, 306-307. Frontier post, 64, 253 ; 
maps and plans, 50, frontispiece, 67. 52, 332, 71. 215. 

Government, etc.: agreement with habitants (1645), 37, 77; Dau- 
versière intendant of, 77; governors of, 79, 67, 331, 71, 396; council, 
members of, strive to increase pay (1646), a8, 237; D'Ailleboust 
commandant at, ap, 161; militia of, 39, 290, 48, 95, 90, 319; garrison 

at, 43, 32a. 3*4. 

Events in history : colony of, religious enterprise, a 1, 311 ; idea of 
foundation of (1636), 311. Company of (also styled Associates, Gen- 
tlemen, and Society of Notre Dame) — formation of (1640), ai, 311; 
project of, 18, 245, lA, 203-217; receive gfift for hospital, ai, 311; 
Mile. Mance, member of, 311, aa, 318; Montreal Island granted to, la, 
273, ai, 311; at N. D. de Paris, aa, 207-209; send colonists to (1641, 
1643), a I, 107, 311, aa, 318; consecrate Montreal to Holy Family, 
207; send tabernacle to Montreal, 213; D'Ailleboust member of, a3, 
289; assist colony, a8, 269; Mile. Mance reorganizes (1652), aa, 318; 
desire Queylus for bishop, 43, 322; piety of, aa, 207, a3, 273, a^, 
229, a7, 139; surrender Montreal to Sulpitians (1663), '^* 273. 
Foundation — founders of, ai, 311-312, aa, 318, 71, 258; founders 
of, seek advice of Berchereau, a7, 312; first colonists winter at Que- 
bec (1641), ai, 311; founded (1642), 6, 325, 8, 307-309. "'i «77; Mme. 
de la Peltrie joins, ai, 311; religious orders formed for benefit of, 
312; Indian belief regarding, a^, 231; commemoration of, 71, 
354. French at, a^, 159, 29s, a7, 139; Mme. de la Peltrie at, 33» 
301, a5, 237; occurrences at, a^, 221-269, ap, 145-183; flood at, a^, 
225; importance for conversion of Indians, 269; Bourdon and others 
visit, 30, 177; dog patrols, Z'^^ 27; famine at, 34, 51; Mile. Mance 
aids (165 1 ), ^l^, 318; Liauson visits, 37, 99, 103; supplies for, sent 
from Quebec, 38, 173; peace conference at, 179; vows made at, 40, 
87f 159; warehouse at, 211-213; cemetery at, 4a, 239; Dollard saves 
(1660), la, 276; Glosse saves, 47, 155; riot in, 289; meteors at, 48, 
37-39; eflfects of earthquake at, 45; theater of Prench-Iroquois war, 
63, 149; English expeditions against, (1690) 64, 274, (1709) 66, 343; 
French prepare to defend, 193; Vaudreuil at, 67, 55; Bégon at, 
331; Catalogne makes map of, 333; Catalogne constructs fortifica- 
tions at, 333; Catalogne at, 334» French expedition leaves (1734), 
68, 333; Céloronat, 69, 195, 294; French and Indian expedition sets 
out from (1757)» 7O1 91-93; surrenders to English (1760), 312, 71, 
99; captured by Americans (i775)f 394; l&st public sale of slave at 
(1797), 69, 301; history, 71, 248, 312. Parish register (Notre Dame), 
cited, ^%, facing 196, 43, facing 62, 322. 



Mpirts] INDEX 108 

Ecclesiastical: Jesuit — Jesuits at, 9, 3x4, 315, 19, 250, aa, 3x7, 
33. 3«7. 2»4. aiQ. «7. 77. 93-95. a^S. »•. i37, 14». ai7. 3«. 107, 40, 
153. 66. a". 67, 51. 67, 71. 331. W. 357-259. 33Ï-332. 69. 286. 288, 
70, 199; residence at, abandoned, 47, 353; fortifications of . threaten 
to diminish orchard, 67, 53; estates in, 71, 85-91. College — [St 
Raphael], 71, 109, 113, 385. Jesuit, 215, 217; built (1692-94), 64, 
135. 71. ai7; burned (1803), 64, 135, 71. 217; view, 64, 9, 135, 71, 
217; plan, 64, 9, 151, 71, 217; see also Colleges: St. Mary's. 
Churches {see Churches). Sulpitian — Sulpitians at, 31, 177, 53, 
303, 67, 339, 69, 29s; house at, 31, 290; seigniors of Montreal, 37, 
315; seminary of St. Sulpice, superior of, 67, 245, 339; monastery 
at, 69, 286; see also Sulpitians. Secular priests at, 47, 253. Con- 
vent at, 69, 294. See also Chapels, Churches, Hospitals, attel 
Hospital nuns. 

Relations with Indians: fields given to, 34, 233, 241; converts 
at, 37, 141 ; Indians settled at, a8, 147; feasted at, 31, 173; baptised 
at, 279, 2^; Indians leave, 36, 165; winter at, 203; massacres at, 
49, 161; trade at, 63, 219. Abenakisat, 67, 131, 70, 91. Algonkins 
at, 34, 19Q, 207. 219, 231. 33, 191, 275-277. 39, 145-149. 167-169, 30. 
269, 281 ; influence upon Algonkins, 34, 265-267; soldier at, killed by, 
68, 267. Crées at, 48, 237, 66, 107. Hurons at, 34, 119, 265, 275, 
279. 287. 36, 21, 37, 89. 38, 149, 39, 71, 231, 38, 51. 193-195. 4". 
79; fugitive Hurons, unwilling to settle at, 33, 207; take refuge at, 
48, 85; trade at, 60, 307. Iroquetsat, 31, 279-283. Iroquois at, 33, 
49-51, 193, 36, 35, 39-41, a8, 291, 37. 95-97. loi, 117. 38, 51, 189. 
41. 19. 51. 69, 43. 51. 49. 91. <^3, 151, 64, 143, 275; attacked by, 33, 
318, 33, 249, 34, 275-279, 295, 36, 133, 137, 165, 40, 85-87, 103, 173, 
46, 219, 64, 83; threatened by, 33, 25, 37, 221, 30, 177, 251, 273, 
35, 165; Iroquois raids at, 3^1. 27-33. 16^171. 36, 119. 125, 149.45. 
31, 81, 46, 189; envoys and conferences at, 33, 87, 143, 40, 89-91, 
163, 49, 143, 33, S3; capture Hurons near, 33, 59; prisoner burned 
at, 36, 125 ; hinder growth of city, 201 ; prisoners at, 44, 315 ; French 
at, captured by, 46, 207 ; exposed to, 48, 169 ; French at, defeated 
by, 64, 29-33. Nipissiriniens at, 49, 243. Ottawas at, 48, 237, 277, 

64, 25-27. 

Montreal Historical Society (Société Historique de), Mémoires, 

cited, 69, 301, 71, 257-258, 306. 
Montreal Numismatic and Antiquarian Society: Canadian Portraits 

and A ntiq. , cited, 71, 238, 330. Catalogue of Loan Exkib. , 71, 267. 
Montreil, Charlotte, sponsor in baptism, 70, 75. 
Montret, 70, 77. See Campeau, Marie Charlotte. 
Montreuil, 30, 153. See Montereul. 
Monts, Pierre du Gas (Gua), sieur de, a Huguenot, governor of 

Pons, I, 307, 309, 315, 3, 177, 22X, 307; commissioned by Henri IV., 



164 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Moirts 

Monts (continued) — 

■, 305, 4. 103; lands granted to, i. 305, 3, 33. 4» 43» 107, 233. 256; 
Canadian enterprise, 256; settlements of, J, 209, 296, 305-306, 
308, 3, 41-45, 51; explorations, 43-45, 187. Fur trade monopoly 
granted to (1603), i, 4, 305; monopoly canceled (1607), 305; renewed, 
305. Associated with Poutrincourt, 1, 305, a, 127; sails for Acadia, 
(1604), I, 305 ; in Acadia, 4-5, 65 ; on New England coast, a, 291. 
305 ; at St Croix, 133. 167, 185, 209, 290, 300, 4, 37. 45 ; rescues 
Aubry, a, 301; establishes fort at Quebec, i, 99, loi; cedes 
Port Royal to Poutrincourt (1606), 305-306, 3, 161, 235; returns to 
Prance (1607), 161 ; sends Champlain to New France (1608), 1, 
305, 3, 161; surrenders commission. 1, 305; transfers claims in New 
Prance, 305, 313, a, 237, 3, 233; interest in conversion of Indians, 
I, 63; St. Croix Island renamed for, a, 292; sketch, i, 305-306. 

Monts Pelés ('* bare mountains"). Montagnais tribe, 47, 61. 

Monts Peles (bare mountains). Set Pointe des Monts. 

Moodie, Susanna: In the Bush^ cited, 10, 325, 71, 327-328. 

Moon: measure of time, 3, 79, 13, 157; eclipses of, 5, 99, 8, 63, lO, 59, 
■5. 139. 175. »31, 295-297, a3, 179, 30, 67. 58. 181-185. 201, 64, 117, W, 
291; in Indian folk-lore, 6. 223, 10, 323, aa, 295, 50, 289; its spirit 
appears to Indian woman, 17, 165-167; used in metaphor, 19, 63; 
Indians worship, 36, 113, 58, 181, 6a, 199-201; influence upon 
tides, 36, 139; Aulneau asks for reckoning of eclipses, 68, 257, 
in Mohammedan folk-lore, la, 37. " Sign of the,*' metaphor, 10, 
51. See also Eclipses. 

Mooney, James: '* Cher. Ball Play," cited, 10, 328, 71, 281. *' Cher. 
Sacred Formulas," 71, 277. '* End of Natchez," 71, 295. Ghost 
Dance, 71, 277. Siouan Tribes, 71, 296. 

Moore, Charles: Northwest Under Three Fia^s, 71, 321. 

Moore, George H., superintendent of Lenox Library, 43, 265; owner 
of Cramoisy Relation, 30, 314; death, 43, 265. 

Moore, Martin: •* Eliot and Indian Converts," 71, 336. 

Moore, Thomas: " Lake of Dismal Swamp," cited, 10, 324. 

Moosb: 6, 179, 215. II, 121, la, 9, a3, 165, a8, 25. 46, 65, 259, 47, 43, 
51, 153, 167. 173. 49» 71, 30. 27. 291, 33, 113, 36, 79. 85, 3«, 67; 
early names for, 1, 247, a, 298, 9, 310, 13, 249; described, a, 29S. 
Habitat. 37, 253. 4«. 215. 47. i47. 4«. 163. 177, 53. «9. 5^, I55. 
159* 179, i83t 205; scarce in Eskimo country, 43, 67; in wooded dis- 
tricts, 46, 277. Season for hunting. 3, 79, 6, 313, 7, 107, 145, 8. 
33. 159» 55, 155; method of hunting, 1, 249. 4. i93» 6. 295, 45, 61. 
49, 159. 56. 113, 57. 319; hunted. 7, 159-161, 165, 183-185. 215, ii. 
119, 16, 49, 93, 18, 115, ao. 291, a3, 315, a4. 53. 89, in, 179, 211, 
245. «5. 123. 127, 161, 167. 273. 3«, 29, 3«, 75. 35, 33. 3*. I97, 221, 
37. loi. 195-197. 245, 3«. 21, 43, 113, 45, 193-195. 227. 47, 23, 171, 
48. 285, 49, 21, 39, 171. 51. 129, 169, 273, 33, 83, 56, 77. As 



M^muu] INDEX 165 



food. I. 247. 4, ao3. 6. aSi. 7, 9, 51. 177. 9. 25. 10. M9. 16, 79» ^4. 
SI, 31, 281. 37. 33. S5, 44* 345. 45. 193. 46, 141. 49. 33. 49. ^3» 
259; embryo not eaten, 6, 223; flesh dried, 265, 277; in sagaxnité, 
49. 33; ^&^t ^ delicacy, 49. Eat roots of NupAar, 3, 282; in 
Indian folk-lore, 9, 123, 10, 155, 31, 273; superstition in regard tp 
bones of, 10, 167; stones found in, used as charms, la, 13; *' Moose 
of Prance," Indian name for horses, 30, 81; hair, used in em- 
broidery, 67, 334. 

SJkstts: valuable, 43, 193; dressed by Indians, 37, 41. Uses — as 
dotbing, 4, 203-205. 7, 15-17. 9. 17. 175; «w medicine-bag, aa, 317; 
in snowshoes. 3a, 26g; as paper, 37, 41; thongs, 60, 316. Trade in, 
4, 207» 6» 273, 3^. 201, 3a, 103; eaten in famine, 7, 49, 48, 263, 33, 
145. 1M-153; as presents, 13. 151, a3, 211, 217, 4". 111-Ï13. 4^, 257, 
4X 4h 47. 49* 231. 38, 133. 60, 85; cabin hung with robes of, a4, 
171-173; gift to dead, 43, 241; ornamented, 44, 73, 49, 51, 231, 3a, 
249f 33» X13; as religfious offering, 83, 38, 155; stolen from Indians, 
241. 

Mora^gans, 70. 135. 161. See Mohegans. 

Ifiorain, Jean, Jesuit, 71, 134; arrives in Canada (1674), 60, 322; 
ordained (1676 or 1678), 322; with Gaspesians and Etechemins, 61, 
75; at Tadoussac mission (1677-78), 60, 322; winters at Jeune 
Lorette, 322; with Iroquois (1679-B4), 322, 6a, 227; at Saiilt St 
Louis (1684-88), 60, 322. 6a. ^53; at La Prairie mission (1685- 
^). te. 322; death (1687, 1688, or 1690), 322; conflicting statements 
regarding, 322; sketch, 322, 71, 154; extract of letter (i?//. J676-77), 

60. 8, 263-273. 7". 199- 
Moran, Edward: " Green Bay," 71, 221. 
Morand, Charles, dÙ Grimard: marriage, 70, 307; sketch, 307. 
Morand, Claude Charles: dealings with Detroit mission, 70, 2X, 31, 

35. 41 i marriage, 307 ; assassinated, 307 ; sketch, 307. 
Morand (Moran), Guillaume François, Jesuit, 71, 134; arrives in 

Louisiana (1735). 171* 7>> 19; with Alabamas. 69, 205; at New 

Orleans, 79, 205, 70* 87; death (i7S9or 1761), 7>. 171; sketch, 70, 

«7. 71. 171. 
Morbletz, 36, 95. See Marblehead. 
Morchigander, 36. 107. See Mohegans. 
Moreau. 70, 157. See Monroe, G. 

Moreau, , Jesuit in Prance, friend of De Gonnor. 68, 3x9. 

Moreau, Célestine: Ac adie Française^ dted, 8, 289, 30, 304-305, 71, 

308. 
Moreau, Pierre (Pierre Pére), dit La Toupine (Taupine), fur trader: 

wilh St Lusson (1671), 39, 314; at Illinois village, 175; adherent 

of Frontenac, 315; marriage, 315; Jesuits hostile to, 64, 141; 

sketch, 39, 314-3x5- 



166 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Moral 

Morel, , sieur prevost, J, 159. 

Morel (Moret), Thomas, secular priest: arrives in Canada (x66i), 
46, 183; curé of Château Richer, 303; narrative by {Rei. 1666-67), 
91, 7, 87-101, 71, 195. 

Moréri, Louis: Dût, historique^ 71, 353. 

Mores, de, owns mill, 49, 109. 

Moret See Morel. 

Morgan, , 70, 316. See Margane. 

Morgan, Henry J.: BibL Canad,, 71, aaa. 

Morgan, Lewis H. : cited, 8, 293, 298, 302. 63, 306, League of Iroq,^ 
cited, I, 310, 8, 297. 305. a". 313-314. 54. 308, 7", «94. 361. Houses 
of Amer. Aborig., cited, 15, 246, 71, 282. Systems of Consan- 
guinutty^ cited, ai, 315, 47, 316, 71, 266. Ancient Society^ 
cited, 39, 293. 71, 266. Rep. on Imi. Coll., 71, 266. Ind. Migra- 
tions, 71, 271. 

Morille, Michelle, marriage, 38, 294. 

Morieult, Captain , arrives in Canada, 5, 67, 221. 

Morin, Grermain, first Canadian-bom priest: member of Quebec 
seminary, 4a, 301, 45, 119; takes orders, 121, 271; dines with 
Jesuits, 48, 225; acts as musician, 49, 157; says first mass (1665), 
169. 

Morin, Madeleine, marriage, 70, 309. 

Morin, Marie Josephine, marriage, 70, 73, 75. 

Morin, Noël, father of Germain: marriage, 4a, 301. 

Morin, Mme. Noël {née Desportes): gift to parish church, 43, 287; 
marriages, 301. 

Morin, Pierre, sponsor in baptism, 70, 75. 

Morin, P. L., copies Raffeix's map, 47, 320. 

Morisseau, Marguerite, marriage, 45, 272. 

Morlière, Charles Alex., Jesuit scholastic, 71, 134; professor at 
Quebec college, 70, 83 ; sketch, 83, 71, i8a 

Momay, , bishop: Dosquet coadjutor of, 68, 330; Dosquet 

succeeds, 331. 

Morocco, pirates from, 4, 265 ; French in, 8, 288. 

Morocco, a kind of leather: sealskin compared to, 68, 85. 

Morrkua pruinosa. See Cod. 

Morris, Marion Longfellow, translates Bonnécamps's Relation, 69, 
281. 

Morris, Robert, contract with Senecas, 71, 294. 

Mortagne, Prance, 6, 326, 37, 314; emigration from, to New Prance, 

7, 310. 
Mortar, vessel for compounding^ medicines: Hospital nuns ask for, 

49. ao7. 
Mortars, kind of; cannon: used in siege, 66, 99, 70, 151, xss; on ship- 



] INDEX 167 

bosrdf 66, 191 ; blessed sacrament saluted by discharge of» 68, 373 ; 
French army equipped with, 69, 47. See also Artillery, and 
Cannon. 
Mortifications: French practice, 6, 105, 33, 25; priests practice, 
^» 35. 34. 183. 35. 125. 37, I37. 39. 171. «61. 40, 23; nuns practice, 

38, 119. Converts practice, 16, 127-129, aa, 61-63, 67, 3i4. 35. «5. 
277>2Sz, j6, 147. »7. 191-aoi. 30, 39-41. 3«. 19Ï. M7. 33. 33-35. 39. 
147, 49. 99. 55. 259-261, 277, 6j, i75-i79. ^3, 217-219; instru- 
ments of, 6, 105, 16, 127-129, JJ, 61, 67, 34, 127, a6, 147, J7, 191- 
aoi, 39, 35, 79, 30, 41, 3>. 191. 33. 33-35. 34. 183. 35. 125. 39. I47. 
261, 40, 23, 49, 99, 55, 259-261. 277. 63. 45, 175, 179, 63, 205, 219. 
See also Penances. 

Mortmain; land in, disposed of, 43, 285; letters of, 71, 65, 73, 87. 

See also Amortisation, and Seigniories. 
Moscosa. See Mocosa. 

Mosooso, Alvarado de, on Mississippi (1543), 59, 313. 
Moses. Hebrew leader, 9, 95, 36, 125, 46, 253, 47, 59; Algonkin 

woman relates story of, 35, 197. 
Moses, John: Illinois^ 71, 321, 322. 
Mosquets, 3, 255. See Musket 
Mosquitoes: infest New France, 5, 35-37. lO, 89-91, 14, 271, 16, 213, 

39, 219, 30, 293, 39, loi. 41. 91-93. 43. 87. 43, 261, 48, 137, 277. 
50, 33, 56, 185, 59, 45, 60, 121, 66, 115, 68, 63; in Iroquois coun- 
try, 38, 75; not found in north, 46, 279; infest Mississippi, 65, 
161. 177, 67, 289, 293, 297, 301; in Yasoo country, 68, 221. Indian 
protection against, 3, 117, 39, 147; diminished by clearing land, 3, 
37; in Indian mythology, 68, 129. See also Flies, i»i^ Gnats. 

Moss: as food, 48, 119, 263, 50, 177, 257. 51. «59. 54. «53. 55. 149- 
151 ; as protection from cold, 63, 161. See also Tripe de Roche. 

Motets, anthems of Catholic church: Indians sing, 33, 183, 37, 61, 
59. 277; sung in parish church, 39, 93; sung at Onondaga, 43, 
1 29; nuns sing, 45, 139; sung on feast day, 48, 229; in Iroquois 
language, 33, 275; French and Indians sing, 38, 157. 

Mothes, Oscar: Diet, Technologique^ 71, 353. 

Moths, destroy pelts, 67, 69. 

Motley, John Lothrop: John of Bar neve Id^ cited, i, 316, 71, 336. 

Mott, Henry, librarian: aid from, acknowledged, 1, zii. 

Mouchaouaouastiirinioek, Montagnais tribe: location, 34, 155. 

Mouchigands, 36, 240. See Mohegans. 

Mouingouefia, western tribe, 63, loi. See also Moingonas. 

Moukontagan, a Mistassin: makes announcement, 36, 11 1. 

Moulin Baude. See Rivers: Moulin Baude. 

Moulin des Chastelets, Margontier drowned near, 43, 51. 

Mound-builders, works on, 71, 264-269. 



168 JES UIT RELA TIONS 

Mount Channel, cross of, j8, 32$. 

Mount Desert, i, 318. See Islands, and St Sauveur. 

Mount St Louis, Ont, 13, 269. See Irish settlement 

Mountains, 3a, 259; Spaniards find, 3, 57. On Montreal iakftd, M, 
133, aa, 205, 215, 34, 267, 269, 48, 39; croaserected on, 34, 829-429. 
In Saguenay region (see below Laurentian). In Petun and 
Huron countries {see below Blue). Effects of earthquake 00, 
48, 43, 201, 213; near Lake George, 70, 139, 143. iSL i55» 165; near 
Quebec, 71, 67. Single peaks (mounts) — lEsquiline, Rome, dnxch 
on, a8, 318; Joly, 9, 311; Sinai, 66, 325; Tabor, 37, 141, 37, «25. 
Systems and ranges — Alleghanies, 9, 310, 18, 060, 65, 266, 69, 
i67>i69; Shawnees cross, 47, 316. Alps (Italy), 11, 47, 49^ 215. 
Appalachian, a, 303. Ardennes (France), inhabitants of, to, 327; 
quarries in, 51, 185. Blue, in Pettm and Hiuxm countries, s, 279, 
38t 163, 183, 40, 15, 45. Chicchack {see below Shicksbock). 
Laurentian, J. 71, 31, 249, 251, 37, 21, 23, 27, 29, 35, 51. aiS. 9^ 
107« 54« 149« 5^t 75« 183, 207, 68, 29-33, 41 ; description and estent, 
5, 183, 286, 38, 225. Nonnenbin, 69, 295. Notre Dame {see below 
Shickshock). Pyrenees (Europe), Jesuits cross, 70, 297. Rocky, 
I, 9, 10, 15, 245; discovery (1742-43), 67, 343. W, 334; French 
expedition to (1750-52), 69, 298; explorations in, 71, 338, 340. 8t 
Margaret, named for saint, 41, 93. Sierra Nevada, 71, 286^ Shick- 
shock (Chicchack, Notre Dame), a, 205, 3, 300, 15, 231, 3a, 267, 
273» 277-281, 43, 31; location and description, a, 303, 47, «67, 173. 

Moussart, François du, drummer-boy: with Jesuits, 49, z6z*z63. 

Moustache, former use of term, 5, 278. 

Movena, Marie, Algonkin girl: piety, 34, 239. 

Mowak, Algonkin name for Mohawk, q. v., 44, 321. 

Moyen, Elizabeth, marriage, 43. 322. 

Moyen, Marie, marriage, 6J, 273. 

Moyné, François, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 135 ; riketch, 178-179. 

Mueller, Oswald, Jesuit: aid from, acknowledged, 14, 4. 

Mugulashas (Mougoulachas), Cha'hta tribe: location, 65, 269; 
massacred by Bayogoulas, 157. 

Muiamis, 39, 177. See Miamis. 

Mukwa, Wis., mission site near, 34, 307-308. 

Mulberry, 63, 177: found in Huronoia, 13, 13; in Iroquois countfy, 
31, 121 ; in Illinois, 38, 99, 39, 139, 66, 227; doth made from bask, 

63, 131- 
Mules, sise in Auvergne, 48, 163. 

Mundificative, 49, 207, 31, 290; meaning of term, 49, 377. 
MunnsviUe, N. Y., Indian village site near, 4a, 995, 31, 994. 
Munro, Robert: '* Genesee Country," cited, 43, 326, 71, 316. 
Munro, W. Bennett: " Feudal System in Canada," 71, 308. 



] INDEX 16ft 

Muratori, Ludovico Antonio, Jesuit historian: cited» la, 376^ 

Murder, 44. 37; amon^Fsencli, 11, 278, 47, 303-305 — attempted, 38. 
171 ; committed by Algonkin woman, 18, 223-335 ; of HuronSt by 
Iroyeifl, 4$, 86-^; caueed by drunkenneas, te, 67. Penalties — 
among French, 38, 173; 47, 305, 49, 171, 68, 267 (see also Peoal- 
ties); amoQg Huron^ lo, 2x5-223, 13» 13« 3>8, 275, 201-287; Tepavar 
tion for, by Indians, 33, 233-249, 34, 248 — with presenlA. I9k 85. 
33t ^3-847 (J^ «^^ Indians: government). 

Murdoch, Beamish: Nova Scotia, cited, 1, 315, 3, 295-296, 3P0^ 71, 
308. 

Mttfdoch, John: Pi, Barrow Exptdiêion^ cited, 9^ 309, 71, 266, 2^7. 

Murphy, Henry C, antiquarian and collector of Americana, 50, 314, 
64, 270; Rêlaiians owned by, 5, 269; translator, IJ, 271, 7lf ^48; 
cited, 55, 317. VerraMianOy cited, 3, 292, 71, 340. 

Murray, James, third English governor of Canada: term of office, 
71, 118. Siege of Quebec^ 71, 257. 

Murray Bay (town). Que. : location and importance, 69, 290. See 
also Malbasre. 

Muscovy, French in, 46, 241. 

Museums: British army, medical department — Huron relics in, S, 
296. Dominion Government — Huron relics in, 5, 296. Ontario 
Provincial ArduMlogical — relics in, 5, 379, 297, 8, 305, 18, 258, 
36. 245-246; Reports, cited, 8, 304, 18, 258, 36. 246, 71, 264-265, 
267. Veuhodj-^ Reports, cited, 63, 307, 65, 367, 66, 315, 71, 267, 
286; ArcheeoL and EtknoL Papers, cited, 279. Toronto — de* 
stroyed by fire, 5, 296. U. S. National — collections in, 13, 272, 
7i. 285-286; Reports, dted, IJ, 272, 13, 272. aa, 319, a6, 310, 55, 
321, 59, 313, 71, 270, 280, 383-386. Wisconsin Historical Society — 
89« 313; liAs Perrot's ostenserium, 66, 347. See also Libraries: 
British Museum. 

Mushrooms: eaten by Indians, 39, 315 ; by souls of dead, 4, 301. 

Music: plain-song, 46, 163, 171 — modes of, 60, 383, ^22\ /auxoour- 
don, 37, 117, a8, 161. 3a, 109, 33, 47. 44. 95; four-part singing, 
j8, 349; instruments, 9. 269. J7, loi. X13. 4a, 139, 44, 177« 45. 
<SZt 47. 875. 283, 395, 30X, 48, 329-233 — played at church services, 
>7. 113» 3>. 109, 4a, 139, 47, 375; Christmas carols, 37, 113. j8, 
349, 30, 199-301, 58, 34X. Hymns of church, 37, 109-113, M, i6z, 
165, 171-181, 197, 207, 219, 225. 241, 249, 30, 157, 163-165, 169, 

IT7-X79» 185. 189. 197-aoi. 3^, 71. 79. 81. 87. 91. 93. 97. 109. 179. 
84. 45-47. 35. 35. 47. 5i. 36, 45. 40, 133, 43» 33. 75. 44. 95. 45. 
181, I33-I45. 151. 46, 163-165, 169-171, 185, 47. 283, 299, 48. 229- 
»33. 50, 205, 55. 107. 56. xoi, 60, 165, 283, 65, 117, 66, 85, 68, 2x1; 
translated into Indian tongues, 8, 143, 15, 175, 33, 23X, 34, 137, 
X99k as. 165. ^, 211, a8, 225. 39, «37. 4", «ai. 231. 45. 37. 57. 61. 



170 JESUIT RELA TIONS [MMlctau 

Music (continued) — 

207, «51, 59« 31. 60. 145, 6a, 197. 64, 331, 66, 151. «43. W, 57, 69, 
211, 275. See also Indians: music. 

Musicians: at Quebec, 30, 155, 159, 189, 3 J, 89, 99, 48, 229; regaled, 
33, 85. 

Musk, 10, 293, 44, 277; disliked by Indians, 5, 153; rosary scented 
with. 30, 155. 

Muskets. 13, 265, 33> 261. 263, 35. 113. 37. I43. 39. i«5, «47. 4«. 47, 
49. 231. 64. 45. See Firearms. 

Muskrat: why thus named. 8, 45; foimd in Canada. 48, 167, 177; 
bunted, 31. 173; how taken by Indians. 8. 43-45; its odor disliked 
by them. 44. 277; its skin, in trade. 4, 207; cloaks made there- 
from, 65, 131, 153. In Algonkin mythology — see Indians: my- 
thology, folk-lore, and religion. 

Musseaux. 35. 291, 43. 55. 43. 119. See AiUeboust, Charles Joseph d*. 

Mussels, fishery of, i. 69. 

Mustard, disliked by Indians. 44. 279-^81. 

Miistassins. 60, 245. See Mistassins. 

Mustela pennanti^ ai. 315. See Cat. and Pekan. 

Mustelidœ, ai. 315. 

Mutilation: of captives, 18. 31. 39, 19, 55, 65-71, 3", 35. 43. 45 («w 
also Indians : warfare — captives) ; to fulfill dreams, 39, 19 ; of dead 
foe. 70. 141 ; Iroquois regard, as cause for death, 31, 35. 

Muy (Muys). de, 66. 129. 133. 137. 342. See Daneauz, N. 

Myrand, Ernest. Canadian antiquarian, 43. 323. Noils anciens^ 71, 
355. Sir William Pkips^ cited. 64. 274, 308. 

Myrica cerifera (wax bayberry). 67. 335 ; also named inodara, 69. 
301. 

Myrrh: medicinal uses. 49. 205. 277, 50, 161, 51, 289. 

Myrtus cerifera (myrtiewaz), 67, 335, 71, 347. 

Mystassins. 63. 249-251. 255. 65. 47. See Mistassins. 

N., a person arrested at Quebec hospital, 3a, 87 (cf. 34, 39); kills a 

man, 46, 183. 
N., Monsieur, hospital superior writes to, 36, 59-^1 ; aids Quebec boo- 

pital, 61. 
Naaktuch, probable misprint for Nahakhich, 9. 59. 
Nactythos (Natchitoches), Caddo village, 63, 269. 
Nadaillac, Jean P. A. du Pouget, marquis de: Prekist, America^ 

71, 267. 
Nadoessi maacouteins, Siouan tribe, 60, 203; meaning of term, 521. 

See also lowas. 
Nadouessi (Nadoessi, Nadoessis, Nadoissi, Nadoissis, Nadoaechi 

Nadonechiouek, Nadouechiowec. Nadouecious, Nadouecis, Nadon- 



• 



NanattOMl] INDEX 171 

edoaek, Nadonesienx, Nadouesis, Nadouessi, Nadonessis, Nadooa- 
siens» Nadooesioux, Nadouessious, Nadonessioux, Naduesiu, Nad- 
wechiwec, Nadwesseronons, Natweslx), appellation of Sionaa 
tribe, i8, 231. J3, 225. 326, 4J. 221. 296, 44, 247. 349. 3«5. 45. 163. 
237, 46, 69, 143. 49. 241, 249. 90. 279, 91, 47. 53, 54, 167, 19Z. 193* 
217. 233. a«9. 55. 97. I33. 169, 203, 209. 56, 115. 57, 203. 207. 209, 
221, 275. 379. 58. 49. 53. 65. 67, 255. 257, 263. 277. 385. 289, 59. 129, 
165, 211» 60, 199, 203, 211, 61. 137, 6a, 195, 66, 338. Set Sioux. 

Nadreau, Françoise, marriage, 46, 303. 

Nœnies, funeral songs, 3. 129. 

Nahakhich (Naaktuch), Joseph, Algonkin convert: baptism and 
death, 9, 59-^- 

Nahakwatkse, Algonkin convert: Indian takes refuge with, 46, 131. 

Nahiganiouetch, 18, 233, 260. See Mohicans. 

Nails: Montagnais use, ai, 89; made at Quebec, 3a, 91; in Jesuit 
invoice, 66, 29; price of, 69. 249. 

Naiz percez, 10. 83, 322. See Amikoués. 

Nanchouakousity, Pierre, Algonkin convert: rebukes pagan relative, 

31. 377. 

Nancy, Prance, 90, 322, 323, 69, 287 ; image of Virgin sent from, 60, 87. 

Nan-do-wah-gaah, 8, 293. See Senecas. 

Nangasaki, plan of, 66, 314, 317. 

Nanibozhu, 5, 286, 6, 328, 71, 276. See Manabozho. 

Nanih Waiya, sacred mound of Cha'htas, 66, 343, 71, 265. 

Nanoudohout, Abenaki chief: at St François, 67, 129. 

Nanrantsouak. See Naranlsouat. 

Nanrantsouakians, 67, 117, 23 s. 5^/ Abenakis, ai»i/ Nûrhantsuak. 

Nantes, France, 50, 325, 5a, 65. Edict of, term applied to Hugu^ 
nots in. 3, 299; revoked, 71, 327. Commerce, 41, a43i 43t S3; 
diocese, 50, 320. 

Nantoué» 53, 185, 38, 293. See Makoucoué, i»i</ Mantoué. 

Napkins: Hospital nuns ask for, 49, 209, 50, x6i, 51, 111-113, 5a, 
109; in Jesuit invoice, 66, 27; as present, a8, 243. 

Naples, Italy, Jesuits expelled from, 70, 314. 

Nappi, Philippe, Jesuit at Rome: Chaumonot writes to, 18, 15; says 
mass for Chaumonot, 37. 

Naraganses (Naraghenses), 36, 79, 46, 67. See Narragansetts. 

Narankamigouk. See Naurakamig. 

Narantflouat (Nanrantsouak, Nanranxwak, Naranchouak, Nanmtp 
soak, Narantsouak, Nasanchouak), headquarters .of Abenaki mis- 
sion in Maine, 37, 267, 66, 346; etymology of name, 36, 238; loca- 
tion, 83, 67, 87, 121, 197, 239. Inhabitants of, influential among 
New England tribes, 38, 33; won over by English, 67, 35; rendes- 
voos for Abenakis, 117; see also Abenakis. Druillettes welcomed 



17Î JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

Narantsooat (continued) — 
at, a7, 249-253; Rale at. ad, aA 67, 61, 6$, 85» "3. 133» 195» ^»5- 
229, 233; church at, 87-89, 115» 209-213, 235-237, 245; English at, 
115; English attack, 233-235, 338. See also Korridgewock. 

Narragansett Club: Publications, cited, 8, 313, 71, 275, 331. 

NarraganMtts (Naraganses, Naraghenses), Algonquian tribe cf 
New Etis^nd: location, i, 308; population, 46, 67; hostile to 
Acadian tribes, i, 308; allied to Mohegans, ^, 315; Eaglisb 
defeat, 36, 79; make peace with English and Mohegans. 238. 
Language, 16, 259. See also Williams, Roger. 

Nash, E. W., compiles O'Callaghan sale catalogue, 60, 314. 

Nassau, Maurice, count of, sends expedition to Siberia, a» 291K 

Nassitamirineou, dit Brehault, an Algonkin: Jesuits Iced» g» 99; 
advises tribesmen, 135; death, 163. 

Nataouatikouan, Indian village, 56, 185. 

Nataschegamiou, Indian village, gd, 169. 

NAUcnss (Naktche, Natchés, Natchez, Natchiés), Maslooki tribe, 

65, 119» 131. 13s, 149» 153, 155. 159» 68, 327, 69, 217; rdttio» to 
Maskokt stock, 6$, 268. Location, 6g, 137, 267; distance from» 
to New Orleans, 67, 315; at Natchez, 68, 169; on Washte 
River, 221, 330; in Indian Territory, 330. Population — for- 
merly very numerous, 68, 135; in 1730^ 135, 221. Language -^ same 
as Taensas» 6s, 135; words and phrases, 145. Character and 
disposition, 6g, 135; sedentary, 155, 267, 68, 135; religion and 
government, 65, I35» I39-I43, I49* 67, 311-313. 68, 121-129^ 139- 
141, 145, 149; women forbidden to enter temple, 125, 127-163; 
chiefs title, 127-129, 135; chief gives feast to subjects, 137- 
139; ereets war-pole, 145-149; use muskets, 167, 197; negroes 
join, 189; capture negroes, 221-223; history, 71, 295. 
Relations with other tribes : join Creeks, 65, 268. Give presents 
to Yazoos, 68, 173; alHed with, 175, 341. Chalitas, captives among, 

68, 189; attacked by, 189-197, 219; carry caltunet to, 195. Arkan- 
sas hostile to, 68, 217. 

Relations with French: hostilities with, i, 37, 65, 268, 269^ 68, 
183-197, 330, 70, 249; murder Jesuit, 67, 341, 71, 168; massacre 
French, 67, 343, 68, 121, 163-171. 187, 205, 223, 327, 69, 215, 70. 
247-249, 253; French hire, 68, 131; trade with, 165; ca4>ttYes 
among, 163, 169, 189-195, 199, 221; strive to entice French, i8x; 
profane sacred vessels, 195; make slaves of French women, 199; 
their tempfe seized, 193; sold as slaves, 330; French destroy, 

69, 215; cause of revolt of Natches, 68, 327, 70, 247. 
Natchez, Miss.: French settle, 6g, 267-268; location, 67, 311; 

Jesuits at, 66, 341, 67, 311, 317, 68, 121; commandants at, 66, 



ItaqMj INDEX 179 

345, 68, 165; Philibert at, 67, 311; garrison at, 69, 215; Frendll 
immcred at, 69, 121, 165-171, 6% 215. 

Natcfaitoch (Nactythos, Natchitoches), xwme of Caddo Tillkge and 
infkaifrimts: location, 65, 269; population» 157; pracdee asrt- 
coltittTe, 157; report carried by way of, 6S, 187. 

Nativité, Marie Renée de la (Boulic), Hospital ntm: sent to Mont- 
real, 44, »11. 3^3. 

Natoukwabekwe, Cecilia, Algonkin convert: baptism, 90, 309. 

NcGBOaac, Indian name for Merrymeeting Bay, 36, 87. 

Natwesix. Set Nadouessi. 

Nan, Mile. ^ in convent, 41, 239. 

Niru, Catherine, marriages, 36, 249. 

Nau, Luc François, Jesuit, 71, 135; arrives in Canada (i734)f 68, 
229, 332; voyage described, 225-229; at Saolt St. Louis (i73S-43)» 
231, 25s, 263, 269-271, 69, 39, 47, 55; attacked by gout, 68, 
257» ^3> 69, 39^ 57; adopted by Iroquois, 68, 269; assistance 
offered to, 69, 43; asks aid for Indians, 43; in French paridb, 
47; returns to France (1744), 68, 332, 71, 171; death (1753), 
171; as linguist, 68, 279-281; sketch, 332, 71, 171. Letters-- 
(1734), 68, 7, 16.17. »5-235» 322-323, 71. 205; (173s), 68, 7, 18- 
20, 261-285, 322-323, 71, 205; (1739-40). 69f 7, "-12, 35-49t 27a 
yr, 206; (1741)» 69, 7, 55-59, 279, 71, 206; in Aulneau collection, 
232. 

Naumkeag, settlement at, j6, 242. Se€ Salem, Mass. 

Naurakamig, Abenaki village: Bigot establishes (1698), 65, 87, 
263 ; removed to Panaouamské, 67, 337. 

Navarre (province), chancellor of (1607), 14, 287; regiment of, 
46, 215. 

Navarre, Catherine of, marriage opposed, 2, 296. 

Navarre, Marie Anne, daughter of Robert: marriage, 69, 309. 

Navarre, Robert, Detroit habitant: royal officer at Detroit, 68, 
334, 69,. 307 ; dealings at mission, 247, 70, 23-25, 41, 57^63 ; mar- 
riage of daughter, 69, 309; record of descendants, 68, 334, 71, 333. 

Navigation: vessels arriving in Canada, 8» 45; Huron tradiag- 
âetls, 69^ 307; French marine, 311; perils of, 39, 153; act of 
EagUsh Parliament (1660), ^, 321 ; school of, at Quebec, 69, 265. 
Stt aU9 Ships. 

Nawaskiagwe, an Iltiaois Indian, or an Illinois village (text ob- 
scure) : gives feast lo wolfskin, 59, 169; furs carried to^ 173. 

Nanncbouak, J7, 249^ 267. Set Narantsouat 

Naaaretfi, §7, 65, 60, 69b 71» 75; Holy Family at, 18, 255; Saata 
Casa tnMBported fron^ g8^ 149. 

Neaps, term defined, 67, 334. Set ^tUa Mitasses. 



174 JESUIT RELATIONS [Nafen«ka 

Nebraska (state), Indians in, 60, 321, 64, a8o. 

Nechabeouit, Simon, dit Boyer, Montagnais chief at Tadottsiac: 
peace envqy, 30, 139, 143. 

Necklaces: as remedy, 17, 185; as present, j8, 295, 54, 39-41; 
Indians make, of beads, 67, 137; tree {jit9 Bead-tree). Set also 
Beads, and Porcelain. 

Necouba. See Nekouba. 

Necromancy, practiced by medidne-men, 8, 123. 

Neds-percez (Naiz percez, Neds percés), 4 J, 75, 93, 29a, 4Z$ 145» 
245. See Amikoués. 

Needles: as rewards, ii, 227, 64, 231, 65, 77; as present, 19, 163; 
as money, 18, 19 ; as remedy, 43, 267 ; Hospital nuns ask for, 4% 
209, 52, 109. 

Needlework, Marie de l'Incarnation accomplished in, 56, 293. 

Neenah, Wis., manufacturing town, 54, 306. 

Nees von Esenbeck, German botanist, 43, 325. 

Negabamat, Anne Marie, Montagnais at Ursuline seminary, 30, 133» 

Negabamat, Charles, son of Noël: baptism, 16, 91. 

Negabamat, Marie : I. Montagnais convert, wife of Noël — in Que- 
bec hospital, 16, 31, 99, III ; baptism, 91. II. Montagnais semi- 
narist, piety, 19, 53 (see also Anne Marie). 

Negabamat, Noel, dit Tekwerimat, Montagnais (Algonkin) chief at 
Sillery, 14, 135, 20, 151, 21, 69; first settler at Sillery, 14, 207- 
213, 29, 81; illness, 14, 211-213; at Quebec hospital, 16, 31, loi, 
109-111; baptism, 89-91, 20, 309; piety, 16, 93^99» 109, 18, 161, 
«5» 135-153, 171-173, 41, 181, 50, 119-121; his children, 16, 91, 95- 
99 ; appoints heirs, 109 ; attempts to convert medicine-man, 18, 205 ; 
speeches by, 95-97, 161, 179, 24, 29, 27, 205, 40, 189, 209, 49, 235- 
^371 guardian of child, 18, 179; brings daughters to Ursulines, 
56, 261; escapes wreck, 20, 185-187; affection for Hospital nuns, 
22, 169; at Quebec, 24, 69; desires removal of Algonkins, 25, 
195; welcomes Le Jeune, 26, 139; at council, 27, 239-241, 269; 
confers with Montmagny, 28, 215; participates in procession, 193; 
Abenakis attached to, 29, 69; hunts, 30, 165, 32, 269; at Three 
Rivers, 93-95; child cured, 277; reproves Teswehat, 33, 53; 
accompanies Druillettes, 35, 55, 36, 83, 37, 259; envoy of Sillery 
Christians, 36, 83-89, 103, 129, 227, 37, 77, 259; returns from 
Boston, 36, 139; warns Hurons against Iroquois, 141; warns 
vicious Indians to leave Sillery, 193; writes to Le Jeane, 37, 7, 
II, 77-79, 38, 65-67, 71, 191; sends gift to Le Jeune, 37, 79; 
charity to poor, 151-153; Abenakis converted through, 241; asks 
for French soldiers, 38, 61 ; saves Abenaki captives, 40, 197-199; 
death (1666), 50, 121; friendly to French, 52, 225; resnsdtatml 
(1669), 223-227 {see also Negaskouat). 



] INDEX 175 

Negaouichiriniouek, Algonquian appellation of Ottawa clan: loca- 
tion, 44, 245. 

Negaskoiiat, Montagnais convert : elected chiei^ wet Noel Negaba- 
mat (Tekwenmat) deceased, 93, 223-227; friendly to French, 
225 ; piety, 6a, 33. 

Negroes: English leave hoy in Canada (1632), 5, 63; baptized, 
197; standards of beauty among, 44, 285; Law buys, 67, 259^ 343; 
Jesuits own, 267, 68, 185, 69, 31, 70, 245-249, 265, 279, 2B3, 285 ; 
among Indians, 68, 169, 189, 195, 197-199^ 221-223; tortured by 
Indians, 197-199; fear Indians, 199; women, 201; French fear 
revolt of, 328; along Mississippi, 67, 281-283, 303, 343, 68, 167- 
173* 189^ 223; in Illinois, 69, 145, 203; in New Orleans, 211; 
habitants own, 70, 233-235, 245, 316-3x7 ; immorality among, 281 ; 
exercise trades, 265; work lead mines, 316; last public sale of, in 
Montreal (1797), 69, 301; slavery in Canada, 71, 306; slavery 
in Indiana, 319. Sec also Slavery. 

Nehap, a Montagnais: resuscitates chief, 26, 157. 

Neill, Edward D. : "Note on Copper Region," 71, 322. "Disc 
Great Lakes,'' 71, 341. Hist, Minnesota, cited, 68, 330, 335, 71, 
322. Macalester ColL Contrib., 71, 331. 

Neilson, H., son of John : collector of Canadiana, 41, 251. 

Neilson, John: owner of Quebec Gazette, 41, 257; collects Rtla- 
tions, 251 ; owner of Jesuit MSS., 71, 241. 

Neilson family, Quebec, owns Relations, 41, 252, 43, 264, 266. 

Nekotiba (Necouba, Nékoubau, Nikaubau), northern Algonqnian 
village, 46, 253, 287, 68, 55, 67; location, 46, 275; market at, 275; 
Jesuits at, 253, 275, 47, 149; Algonkins rendezvous at, 46, 275; 
Indian captured at, 151 ; Iroquois at, 153. 

Nekoutneant (Neketucant), Etienne (Estienne), Abenaki convert: 
piety, 62, III ; envoy of French, 63, 57, 63; brothers of, 57, 77. 

Nektons, , Jesuit provincial: banished from France, 70, 297. 

Nelumbium luteum, roots used as food, 5, 282. 

Nematchiabamat, Ignace, Papinachois convert: baptized, 89, 61. 

Nemiskau (Nemeskau, Nemiskou), Algonquian village in Saguenay 
district, 56, 171, 60, 247; marble near, 68, 49. 

Nenangounikou, a Fox Indian: invites Abenakis to Fox cotmtry, 
67, 129-131. 

Nenaskoumat (Nenaskoumato), François Xavier, Montagnais chie^ 
16, 97; conversion, illness, and baptism, 14, 135-147, ao, 309; 
settles at Sillery, 12, 173, 14, 207-213, 217, j8, 316, 29, 81 ; refuses 
to join superstitious dance, 16, 65; observes Lent, 79-83; at Que- 
bec hospital, 101-109; called Boulé, 28, 173, 316; death, 18, 179^ 
^8, 173, 316, 29, 81; character, 16, 85; son of, wounded» a8^ 173, 
277, 29, 83. 



n« JESUIT RELA TIONS 

i^ttmakoummt, Pierre, Moatagmis couvert: bftptìsm and dnth» ix, 

NenMkouauiC (NifHkiwigmii), Vincent Xavier, son of Franco!» Xa- 
vier: consnits Jesuits about marriage, iS, 129; wounded by 8mi- 
riquois (Sokolds), 3S, 173, 277, J9» 83; death, jS, i73> ^77; wile«( 
acBtftd, 173, rn. 

Nepigiguit ( Nep eg ig otiit, Nepigigooit, Nepisigoit), j8, 25, 3s to» 
127» V33> J^ 41* 45» 59. Set Nipisiguit. 

Nepisstriniens (Nepisirimen) N^issériens, Nepissirinin), 34, tig^ 
49» 95r 143» 5^» ^73» 67, 27. Set Nipissings. 

Ncpsuget, Joseph, Souriqtiois convert: baptized, 28, 25; pie^f, 27; 
intoxicated; 31 ; escapes wreck, 30, 129. 

Neptune, Indian deities compared to, 9, 125, 54, 157, g7, 2Q7. 

Nepveu, , a Frenchman : killed at St Sauveur, 3, 283. 

Nepveu, Philip, marriage, 28, 318. 

Nere. See Le Vasseur de Nere, Jacques. 

Nero^ emperor of Rome : Iroquois compared to, 43, 283, 44, 55. 

Nero, Iroquois chief: origin of name, 48, 169; French capture, 
169-171. 

Neskambeoui, Indian envoy: invites Abenakis to join Foxes, é7i 

Nesle, y de, French captain: at Quebec, 5, 213; brings over 

Giffard's colony, 7, 211 ; brings over Jesuits, 8, 47. 

Nessouakoutoun, western tribe, 58, 289. 

Nestaouip, Charlotte, a convert : pious death, 90, I23<i25. 

Netherlands, French invade, 8, 306. See also Dutch. 

Netley, Eng., Huron relics in museum at, 5, 296. 

Nets: made from hemp, 23, 55; used in hunting, 6, 299^ 307, go, 
121, 179; in fishing, 309, 10, 221-223, »3» 95, «4, 59» ^6, 203, a^ 
269, s8, 273; marriage of, 10, 167; in Indian mythology, XJ, 35; 
set to catch souls, 16, 195; in barter, 31, 209; not used by Mon- 
tagnais, 253; French set, in St. Lawrence, 32, 147-149; Indians 
set, iiiuler ice, 35, 175 ; twine for, 66, 27; ropes for, 70, 59^ 65. 

Nettles (Urtica) : ropes made from, 9, 255; beads strung on fibers 
of, 27, 315. See also Ortie. 

Neuf, liCarie le, marriage, 46, 302. 

NsuiSALS ( Attiouendaronk ; Huron appellatkm), Huron-Iroqiioîi 
tribes 6, 59» 8, 13a I5X» 235» 3Q2, X2, 55, 24, 121, 33, 65» 44» «37> 
5^» 199» 5^» 19» 54» Ss ; controversy as to identity, 8, 305, Ji, 313- 
315; origin of name, 8, 297, Ji, 193; Kahkwas, 313 (set êIso 
Erica). 
LccmUom amd popfUatiom : location and extent of country, x, 2% 8» 

304*305» 18, 260, 21, 189-191, 314, 33» 63, 38, 235 ; migratioM oi 8, 



] INDEX m 

a^B; ^stance from Huronia, iS, 39; vtUagcs of, ê, 304-3051 ^o, 95, 
ras» ^i, 316, 36, 248; at N. D. de la Poy, ss, 35; amons Seaecas, 
S7> 193- Poptilatioa — in il^ 7> ^5; in 1641, ai, 189-191« ^^; 
portion, flee southward, lê, j6o. 

Jjmgmgge: differs from Hmron, J#, 105; individtial ksguage, 
a I, 189; resembles Seneca, 314, 33, 109; Jesuits studgr, ai, 931; 
words and phrases, iK, 41. 

Tribal characteristics, etc, : practice tattooing, i, 279^ $ê, 251 ; 
neutrality, S, 297; sedentary, 3(M-305> 18» a^Q, ji, i89-X9I, 314, 33, 
63, 4|8, 235; practice resuscitation, 17, J42; manners and customs, 
SI, i9$-floi; cruelty, 195; practice agricnlture, 195; hunters and 
fishers, 195-197; compared to Hurons, 199; lunacy among, 199-aoi, 
233. Famine among, is, 157, ao, 47-49, 69; «hHdren sold for com, 
15, 157; history, 71, 292, 302. 

Relations with other tribes: relative importance, »6, a53; tribes 
allied to, 253; gateway to southern tribes, 253; relations with ad- 
joining tribes, 17, 25-27, 40, 45. Andastes, allied with, 37, 97. Hu- 
rons — trade with, ig, i55, ai, 20$; allied to, 195; compared to, 
199-201; Huron preaches faith to, 26, 263, 309; visit Hurons, 27, 
25; Hurons flee to, 38, 79» 4^ 2t35, 43, 243; merged in Hurons, 38, 
294. Iroquois — allied to, 21, 195; neutrality with, 38» 83» 97; at- 
Ucked and destroyed by, i, 27, 21, 313, 33, 81-83» 36, 141, 177-179, 
248, 42, 197. 54, 81, s6, 267; war with, 3S, 215» d6, 119-121; defeat 
Senecas, 37, 97 ; remnants of, propose war against, 38, 181 ; cap- 
tives among, 48, 207, 243. Mascoutens, hostile to^ s, 280, 21, 19s, 
27, 25; aid Ottawas, 14, 285; join Petuns, g, 2791 

•Relations with French: compared to, is, 155- Jesuits with, 18, 
39-43. 247, 21, 155» 183» 187, 205, 237, 283, 23, 35» 179, 183: hostile t* 
Jesuits, 18, 41 ; first bo^itism among, 20, 47 ; desire Jesuit^ 23, 183 ; 
refuse to kill Jesuits, 34, 173; Congregation of Our Lady in, 44, 41. 
French with, 21, 193, 203, 316-317; fur trade with, 203; Neutrals 
murder, 211 ; ask aid from, 38, 215 ; French envoy to, 3d, 133. See 
also Attiwandarons. 
Neuville, Jean-Baptiste de, Jesuit, 71, 135; arrives in Canada 

(174&), 177; professor (not yet priest) in Quebec oollege (1749), 

d9, 75; with Iroquois (priest; 1756), 70, 87; sketch, 87, 71, 

m- 

Neuwitd, prince of. See Wied-Neuwied. 

Nevers, , duchesse de : sponsor in bi^tism, 2, 159. 

Ncvcrs, "Charles, due de: spooaor in bi4»tisni, 2, 157; sketch, 296. 
NeviHe, Ella H. : Hist Green Bay, 71, 322. 
New Albion, early name of Oregon, 3* S9» 294; climate, 57. 
New Albion, 39, 169. See New England 



178 JESUIT RELATIONS [New 



New Amsterdam, Dutch settlement on Manhattan Island, JS, a87, 
288, j8, 105; view (1670), j8, frontispiece, 71, 217; importance, 
jS, 137; surrendered to English, 50, 321; Jesuits at, 9, 313, 14, 
288, 39> 83- See also Manate mnd New York. 

New (Novum) Belgium, jS, 105, log, 314. See New Holland wd 
New Netherlands. 

New Brunswick, 66, 344, 67, 333; climate, 3, 55; trees, (a\ caribou 
found in, 297; tribes, i, 308, 2, 292, u, 274; boundary, J, 292; 
French on coast, i, 4, 3, 187, 199; fur trade, 2, 291 ; Récollets in, 
I, 7; history, 71. 302, 304; cartography, 68, 325, 71» 361, 363. 

New Brunswick Historical Society, 14, 4; Collections, dted, 66, 
344. 71» 310. 

Newcastle, Me.: former appellation, 67, 304; history, 71, 313. See 
Sheepscot. 

New Castle, Pa., Indian village site near, 69, 299. 

New Chartres, 111., 69, 301. See Forts: Chartres. 

New Dublin (bay and town), N. S., i, 315. 

New England, 8, 312, 313, 11, 275, »6, 315, 38, 105, 109, 31, 189, 36, 
85, 97» loi, 247, 38, 173, 179. 39. 169, 40, 197, 43, 99, 45, 59, 47. 
139, 3», 49, i^. 62, 259, 64, 247, 65, 95, 67, 29, 61, 65, 77. 85, 97, 
113» 195, Z7^\ discovered by Norsemen, i, i ; described by Thevct, 
308; called Norembega, 309; location, 66, 187; earthquake in, 48, 
51 ; Canadian prisoners in, 70, 201 ; visited by Jesuits, 36, 75-1 11, 
127*129, 59, 'jyy Canadian mails to France sent via, 69, 151; 
books relating to, 71, 253, 257, 262, 291, 313-31S; maps, 357-358. 
Aborigines— tribes, 3, 292, 38, 33, 46, 67-69, 53, 137, 55, 27, 7i, 
291; their sachems, 3, 297; intercourse with Hurons, 17, 123; 
hate Iroquois, 36, 103-105; friendly to French, 103; incited 
against Iroquois, 227; war between English and, 60, 133, 319^ 66, 
346, 71, 157. 

Newfoundland, J, 203, 205, 60, iii, 63, 306, 69, 302; discovery, i, 1-2, 
4, 105; location, 5, 17, 47, 221 ; islands near, i, 314, 319; fisheries, 
I, 3, 99, a, 67, 295, 4, 255 — Banks of, i, 97-99 i^ee Banks) ; 
Indians, 308. French in, i, 3, j, 293, 3, 292. Basques at, 2, 293- 
295, 5, 276; English settlements, i, 3, a, 293-295, 4, 107, 254. 5, 
277-278, 36, 244, 63, 305; colonization company of, 4, 254; im- 
portance, I, 3 ; harassed by pirates, 4, 265 ; given to Company of 
West Indies, 49, 278; a bishopric, 67, 337; books relating to^ 71, 
263, 291, 299-300, 305-306, 309; geography, 342, 358, 361, 363. 

New France, 2, 221, 247, 251, 8, 9, 11. 63, 169-183, 187, 189, 215-221, 9, 
133, 135, 139» 149, 151, 207, 295, 10, 95, II. 45, 47, 63, 69, 71, 75» loi, 
12, 43, 77, 85, 137, 169, 221, iS, II, 15, 77^ 241, 19, 25, 33, *o, 119, 
31, 31, 119, 269, 303, 305, 22, 49, 203, 209, 213, 217, 23, 253, 275, a», 



N0W PVMM] INDEX 179 

33, 49, ai7, a6, 165, 27, 31a, jS, 47, 99» "S» I37, 303» 3i» I7. i*^ 
3J, 6s, 1^, 36, 45* 47» 75> 161, 38, 63» 71» 95* m* ^35* 39» 1^9^ A^ 
21, 81, 143» 157. 195* 4i> 37* I09b 169, an, 219, 245* 35^ 43* 85, 97» 
319, 3«, 44* 63-69, 289, 45* 35* 59* 65* 195» »1, 269, 46, ia3, 147- 
149» 155* 197, 199, 215, 243, 391, 47* "5* ai9* 341, 257. 48, 153* 185- 
189, 201, 49, 119, 191. 205, 213, 219, 223, 257, 259» 275, 50, 99» 109, 
173* 237* 245* 51* 87, 159* 277, 290, 52, 45* 51* 151* 199^ 83* 37* 55» 
84* 275, 58* 235, 322, 86, 219, 57* 91* V^ 313* 88* 267, 59, 285» 306^ 
60, 69, 75, 117, 319» 321, 61, 153. 24s* 63, 149* 305, 64, 99* 109* in, 
241, 245, 259» 65* 79* 181, 66, 43* 47* 6ft 77. I75* 185* 187, 67, 103, 
121, 332, 338» 68, 281, 330^ 69* 137* 292* 295, 71, 67. 77-81* 87* 89; 
origin of name, J, 307, 3, 39-41 ; called Canada, 36, 69 ; described, 
'3, 67, 19ft 203-205, 3* 39-43 ; situation, 38, 221 ; extent, 3* 43» 16. 
233, 38, 221; shores, 2, 207; rivers, 205; climate, 3, 47''49^ ^x* 
109* 23, 271, 38, 221-227, 48* 193 ; soil, I, 73* 48* I9l-I93> 46, 14Q ; 
earthquake in, 48, 51* 183; tribe», J, 205-207, 3* 69; Canada a part 
of, 38, 227. Compared to Prance, 3, 33, 47, 55, 63, 4, 193, 9, 161- 
163* 167* 22, 39-41* j6, 213. 269» 307* 27, 21, 221, 255» 28, 51* 55, 
63» 87* 29, 73* "9* 217* 221, 39* 39* 43* 139* 211, 44* 35* 235* 285- 
289* 293* 299* 303-307* 48, 175-177* 80, 89^ 133* 173» 67* 141» 68, 201, 
263, 273, 69, 161, 193, 217; distance from France. 3, 39, 16, 227; 
maps, 23, 234, 47, 320 i^see also Cartography and maps) ; advice 
for immigrants to, 9, 185-191; interest in, among French people, 
8, 223-243, 23, 285; advantages, 45, 191-195; importance of, to 
France, 195. 

People and history : discovery, i, i, 3, 33 ; discoveries within, ao, 
121; granted to Mme. de Guercheville, J, 237, 3, 233, 263; viceroys 
of, J, 296^ 71, 67; under commercial companies, 4, 256-257; relin- 
quished by Company of New France, 258; claims of French and 
Bullish to, 99: French settlements ravaged by Argall, 35; re- 
stored to France (1632), 9, 309. 12. 273-275; boundaries, 4, 101-107, 
191, 254 ; fur trade in, 255, 27, 313 ; supported by fur trade, 34, 
205; not subject to customs duties, 4, 107; menaced by Iroquois, 
21, 271, 48, 249; needs aid from Prance, 25, 113, 48, 249; defense- 
less condition, 45, 195-201, 46, 151; what it needs, 149-151; colo- 
nized for sake of missions, 48, 27; troops sent to, 49, 189; reunited 
to crown possessions, 278; development, 51, 171-175; population, 
46, 151, 66, 187; languages (IndiaA), 50, 89; waters and forests 
under government control, 37, 265 ; superior council, 71, 71 ; de- 
crees, 244-245, 259; governors and intendants, 116-118, 396; con- 
quered by English, 70, 312; works relating to, 71, 313, 377; mzpê, 
23, facing 234, 47, 320. Its history connected with that of northern 
United States, i, vii — illustrated by Jesuit writings, viiL 



180 JES UIT RELA TI0N6 [New 



New Fkance : People and history (continued) — 

and economic conditions, 23, 271, J5, 105-115, jS, 139-141, 45, 181- 

^i> 48, 25; morals, 17, 235> 41» 185-187; immigcatioo of women, 

and marriages, 256; justice, 247, 47, 289; St. Jose]^ hs pttn» 

saint, 3:3, 147, 27, 211, 49, 21; French régime, 70, 307. See aUo 

Canada, France, and French. 

New Granada (now U. S. of Colombia), its coasts, 45, 223, 47, 147. 

New Hampshire: early settlement, 36, 242; province organised, 

343. 

New Haven, Conn, (city) : founded, 36, 243. 

New Haven (colony) : location, 36, iqj ; extent, 240 ; settlement 
and organization, 243; attitude toward French allianoe, 1091 

New Holland, aS, 105, 33. 65, I35> 39> ^5i 4X> Ss, 4^, 4h 43> 44- 
105, 121, 125, 217, 221, 46, I47> 47i 185, 49> 143. I47> I5I» ^l» SO, 
65» 135* I37> 181, 191, 193, 53> Mif BSf 59» Sé, 4I1 89* 47> &• Sg^ 
95, 6x, 25, 165, 213 ; conquered by Ejiglish, 3S, I79i S#> ^> Si> 
21 9b 60, 133. See also New Belgium, New Netherlands tmd New 
York. 

New Jersey (colony), troops from, at Fort (korge, 70, 312. 

New Laurette, 66, 45. See Lorette and New I^orette. 

N«w London, Conn., iurat settled, 36, 237. 

New London, Wis., Indian village site near, 54, 307. 

New Lorette (Laurette), 6, 326, 64, 274, 66, 45, 71, 105. See Lo- 
rette. 

New Mexico, 15, 246, 18, 235, 59, 87, 89, 68, 333; discovery, 59, 
307; route to, 16, 237; Lescarbot describes, i, 87. 

New Netherlands (Nieuw Nederland) : location, jS, 105; boun- 
daries, 109: climate and flora, iii; colonized, ai, 318, sg, 287; 
conditions of settlement, a8, 109, 313; agriculture, m^iis; 
trade, 109, 113; religious sects, 107-109; conquered by Bntftsfa, 
ai, 318, 50, 321; ceded to England, 07, 317; books ratting to^ 
71. 219, 316; map, aê, 112, 71. 214. See also Dutch, New Bel- 
gium, and New Holland. 

New Oange, ^2, 123, 139, 87, 81. See Ports: Oange, 4md Albainr. 

New Orleans, La., 14, 4* 60, 319.. 65, 268-270. 67, 269^ 379^ 3IS> 3«)^ 
340-341, 68, 171-173, 181, 197, 307, 3» 69. 315, ?•» a»; tocfibed, 
69, 211 ; climate, 217; fminded by Bienville, 37, 312, 66, $$$, 7^ 
223; made capital of Louisiana, 67, 340, 69, 143, 90, 213; iacticmt 
among habitants, 67, 277; visited by Indians, 299^ 6S, J09; alarm 
at, regarding Natches, 163, 223; menaced by C^lui'htas, 189; lubi- 
tants armed by governor, 187; French captives reach, I7i->i73^ 199; 
not fortified, 70, a39; history, 71, 326; archives, sent to Hanrana, 
382; maps and plans, 6S, 326. 71, 359. Trade at, 69, 213 — dried 



NiW Y«k] INDEX 181 

meat, 67, 285; slaves, 343; flour, brought from Illtnois, 69, 147; 
brick, made at, 213 — exported, 215. Jesuits at, 6S, 183, 311» 
69i 33. 303. 205, «95. 300, 304, 70, 287-291, 71, 126-127, 169-170, 
175-176, i;^ i8d; their chapel destroyed, 70, 219^ 265; Ursulines 
at, 67, 341-342; church, 6S, 211, 69, 33. 

Newport, Eng., Jesuits at, i, 145. 

New Sweden, 33, 63, 73. 3«, 235, 47, 71, 48, 77, 49, 141, 55, 35 ; 
polyglot population, 33, 137; Andastes friendly to, 35, 193. 49. 
153; Hurons visit, 39, 145 — take refuge from Iroquois, 36, 179^ 
40,53; hostilities with Iroquois, 4 7, 109; trade with Boston, 36, 95. 

New World, described by Acosta, 3, 298. 

New- Year's gifts, among French at Quebec, 28, 143-145, 30, 153, 155, 

34, 39. 38, 31- 

New York (colony), 6j, 67, 63, 281, 283, 291, 301, 64, 97, 9ft 275, 
277; origin of name, 50, 321; Louis XIV. orders attack on, 64» 
273; assembly annuls grants to Dellius, 277; Leisler usurps gov- 
ernment, 277, 281; English Jesuits in, 247, 280; Iroquois appella- 
tion of governors, 25, 287. 

New YdK (state), 10, 325, 43, 265, 266; geology, 59, 3iQ, 7«, 344: 
flora, 43, 257-259; aborigines, 8, 297-301, 26, 315, 71, 282, 292-294; 
Iroquois migrations to, 51, 295; their villages, 293-295 — map 
293; game exterminated, 40, 151 ; works relating to, 71, 257, 272, 

31S-317. 346. 

Counties: Allegheny — 43, 326. Chautauqua — history, 71, 315. 
Brie — Ji, 314. Fulton — 8, 300. Jefferson — Hurons in, 8, 298- 
299. Madison ~ 8, 300, 301, 41, 258, 52, 262; aborigines, 26, 315. 
Montgoooery — 8, 300. Niagara — 8, 305. Ontario — 43, 326. St 
Lawrence — 42, 296. Tioga — 8, 301. 
New York (city), 12, 270, 274, 48, 265, 267, 57, I37. 69, 302; 

view (1670), j8, frontispiece; recaptured by Dutch, 57, 317, 98» 

179; Iberville's plan for its reduction, 63, 306; wealthy churches» 

25, 288; history, 71, 315-317. 
New York Colonial Documents, cited, i, 313, 319^ 8, 301, ai, 315» 

316, 28, 313, 36, 238, 45, 270, 46, 301, 47, 317, 48, 296, 49, 274. 

275, 50, 325, 327, 53, 261, 262, 53. 303. 55, 319, 320, 322, 58, 294, 

60, 319, 321, 61, 270, 62, 272-274, 63, 299, 300, 303, 304. 306, 64. 

273, 276-277, 65, 261, 263, 272, 66, 340, 346, 67, 332-334. 336, 69, 

285, 295, 296, 304, 70, 312, 71, 230, 257, 381, 393. 
New York Documentary History, cited, i, 42, 28, 306, 43, 326, 65, 

261, 71, 316. 
New York (^logical Survey, Reports, 71, 344. 
New York Historical Society, 41, 250; Collections, cited, M, 305- 

306, 308-309, 36, 239, 247, 71, 258, 331; Proceedings, dted, 71, 

240,331. 



182 JESUIT RELA TIONS [New Y«k 

New York Senate Documents: cited, 71, 266. 

New York State Agricultural Society: Transactions, cited, 71, 348. 

New York State Museum : Bulletins, cited, 71, 270, 282, 264. 

New York, University of State of: Regents* Report on State Cab- 
inet, cited, 50, 323, 71, 272. 

Neyon, 70, 271. See ViUiers, Ncyon de. 

Nez-croche, , dealings with Detroit mission, 70, 61. 

Nez Percés (Percez; see also Amikoués and Neds-perccz), 47, 149; 
application of term, 10, 322 ; at war with Iroquois, 42, 75, 47, 71, 
51, 209, S4, 115. 

Niagara. See Campeau, Nicolas. 

Niagara, appellation of falls, fort, river, and town: fortified store- 
house at, 50, 320, 60, 319; Frontenac at, 319; Céloron at, 69, 155, 
193-195; hills at, 157-159; trade with Detroit, 70, 49; works re- 
lating to, 71, 305-306, 316. See also Palls, Ports, and Rivers : Nia- 
gara. 

Nibrisiriniens, 9, 193. See Nipissings. 

Nicaraguan Indians, think cremation insures immortality, 20, 310. 

Nicephorus Callistus, church historian: Historia ecclesiastica, 
printed by Cramoisy, 5, 280. 

Nichaberet, Abenaki apostate, 63, 71. 

Nichols's Pond, N. Y., Iroquois fort at, 5, 288, 41» 258, 51, 294, 5^» 
262. 

Nicholson, Francis, English commander: heads expedition against 
Canada (1709)» 66, 343, 345; captures Port Royal (1710), 69, 23^. 
302; in England, 233. 

Nichutensis, Louis, Algonkin convert, 18, 189. 

Nickel, Goswin, general of Jesuits : declines to allow Jesuit bishop 
for Canada, 36, 237; grants publication permit, 38, 213; Laval 
writes to, 45, 21-25; Ragueneau writes to, 46, 302; term of of- 
fice (1653-61), 3«, 295. 

Nico, name of ox, at Detroit farm, 70, 53. 

Nicolar, Joseph : Red Man, 71, 281. 

Nicolas, y Jesuit servant: accompanies Allouez, 49, 161. 

Nicolas, , Sillery Indians kill cow of, 28, 225. 

Nicolas, Algonkin child: baptism and death, "11, 101-109. 

Nicolas, Algonkin convert: pious death, 62, 147. 

Nicolas, Huron war-chief: at Sandusky Bay, 69, 300; conspires 
against French, 300; followers desert, 193. 

Nicolas, Master, Iroquois near settlement of, 43, 57. 

Nicolas, Montagnais convert: baptism and piety, 18, 113, 115. 

Nicolas (Le Faulconier ?), Jesuit brother: at Three Rivers, 36, 
131. 



NIcotittUi] INDEX 188 

Nicolas (Nicholas), Louis, Jesuit, 51, 151, 59, 50^ 71, 135; arrives 
in Canada (1664), 48, 235, 297; with St. Lawrence Algonldns 
(1664-67), 297, 50, 207; illness, 49, i7i; at Montreal, 50, 213; 
accompanies Allouez to Ottawa country, i, 33, 4S, 297, 91, 73, 261 ; 
with Iroquois (1670), 4S, 297, 53, «39; at Sept Isles (1673), 46, 
^97, 59, 51-53; returns to France (1675), 48, 297; leaves order 
(1678), 297; sketch, 297, 71, 149. Works by, 71, 377; abstract 
of letter (/îW. 1673-74), «8, 7, 59, 7, 12, 49-53, 7i, i98;if*motr# 
(1673), 89, 7, la, 57-63, 293, 71, 198. 

Niool^ Huron child : drowned, 37, 169. 

Nioolet, (Hlles, secular priest: arrives in Canada (ca. 1640), 27, 
312; at French settlements, 97, 312, j8, 247; accompanies Mont- 
mstgny, 27, 87; Jesuits aid, 97; participates in procession, aS, 
195, 30, 191; dines with Jesuits, 153; Jesuits give present to^ 155; 
returns to Prance (1647), 27, 312, 30, 195; sketch, 27, 312. 

Nicdet (Nicollet), Jean, interpreter and explorer, 8, 247, 257, 267, 
9, 125, 131, 299, 312, 13, 41, 43, 151, 163, 177, 203, 253, M, 291 ; 
Indian name, 28, 183; arrives in Canada (1618), 8, 295; with 
Island tribe (1620-22), 295, J3, 275; in Iroquois country, 8, 295; 
with Nipissings (1622-31), 295, Ja, 277; returns to Quebec (ca. 
1633), 8, 295; at Allumettes Island, 99^ 295; on western expedi- 
tion (1634-35), ^5; explorations by, 295-296^ 71, 318; with 
Mascootens (1634), 5, 280, 8, 295; first white man in Wisconsin, 
29s; with Winnebagoes, 15, ^ ^3, ^7-379; reconciles tribes, 
18, 248; tribes visited by, 18, 233, 237; with Pottawattomies, ^3, 
325 ; interpreter for Hundred Associates, 8, 295, 18, 233, 23, 275- 
279; skill in dealing with Indians, 279; gives memoirs to Jes- 
uits, 9, 215-217; aids Indians, 11, 143; marriage (1637), 8, 295, 
12, 273; land granted to, 8, 295-296; confers with Iroquois, ai, 
39, 43-47; Iroquois invite to conference, 51; death (1642), 8, 296^ 
23, 275, 281-283, «4, 57; bibliography, 8, 295-296, 23, a75-a8i, 71, 
220, 335; marriage of daughter, 8, 296; river and lake named for, 
296, 12, 135, 273; wife remarries, 28, 243, 320. 

Nicolet, Mme. Jean (nke Couillard), marriages, 8, 295, j8, 243, 320, 

Nicolet, Marguerite, daughter of Jean : marriage, 8, 296, 9, 314. 

Nicolini, G. B. : Hist, Jesuits, cited, i, 312, 71, 239. 

NicoUs, Colonel Richard, English oflBcer: expedition against Dutch 
colonies, 90, 321; New Amsterdam surrenders to (1664), 321; 
governor of New York, 321, 8J, 262; succeeded by Lovelace 
(1668), 263. 

Nieotkma {see also Tobacco): spedes, 6, 329-330; quadrwaMs, 
xo, 325; rusHca, quality, 6, 329 — preferred by Iroquois, 10, 325; 
tabacwm, southern species, 6, 330. 



184 JESUIT RELA TIONS 

Nictooche, Souriquois convert: miraculously cured, 3#, 131. 

Niel, Marie, marriages, 64, 273. 

Nieufhaven, 36, loi. See New Haven. 

Nienw Nederland, aS, 105. See New Netherlands. 

Nightcap: Jesuits wear, u, 121; Indians wear, 44, 289^ 

Nightingale: French appellation of marmot, 6, 271, 313; origin of 
name, 329. See also Marmot 

Nigouaouichirinik, Algonquian tribe: location, 33, 151. 

Nikaloldta, Joseph, Fox Indian: piety, 59, 225-227. 

Nikanis, Algonquian word: term of salutation, Ji, IQS» ii5- 

Nikaubau. See Nekouba. 

Nildkouek (Nikikouets), Algonquian tribe, 44, 251 ; location, 33, 
149 ; Nouvel with, 6j, 203. 

Niles, Mich., French fort near, 66, 348. 

Nine, number : dedicated to holy angels, 40, 153, 155. 

Nioueskou, Abenaki name for superhuman being, 37, 253. See also 
Manitou and Old. 

Nipekasou, Marie, Montagnais convert: baptized, 59, 61. 

Nipidriniens, 16, 47. See Nipissings. 

Nipigigwi, 3S> 41* See Nipisiguit 

Nipildwigan, Vincent Xavier, son of Nenaskoumat, 29, 83. See 
Nenaskoumat, Vincent Xavier. 

Nipinoukhe, spirit of spring, 6, 161, 173; etymology, 161. See also 
Manitou and Old. 

Nipisiguit (Nepegigouit, Nep^figwit, Nepisiguit, N^biquit, Nipigi- 
guit, Nipisikouit), early Algonquian and French settlement, and 
river: in Miscou district, 45, 59; Récollets at, 24, 310; Capu- 
chins at, 310 ; Jesuits at, i, 221, 237, 30, 127, 3^, 41 ; Jesuit resi- 
dence at, j8, 25, 35, 30, 133; Indian settlement at, 28, 213; 
Denys at, 24, 310; French expelled by Indians (1692), 310; 
Scotch trading post at, 310; site of Bathurst, 310; sketch, 310. 

Nipissing (Nepissing), Nipissing village, 56, 105, 57, 243, 60, 51. 
See also Lakes: Nipissing. 

NmssiNGS (Bissiriniens, Nepissériens, Nepissing, Nepissirinen, Ne- 
pissiriniens, Nipidriniens, Nipissiriniens, Nipissiriens, Nipis- 
tingues; Huron, Askikwanehronons ; Fr. Sorders, "Sorcerers")» 
Algonquian tribe, 9, 123, 275, 10, 322, u, 129, 16, 47» ao7> ^i» 
121-123, 247, 297, J3, 207, 215, 217, 221, 227, 233. V7, «4» «49» 
269, J5, 27, 131, 153, 155, «7» 47» 55, 57» «9» I45» 3«, «i» 38, 294, 
42, 241, 44, 239, 324, 325, 45» 217» 46, 251, 269, 49» 95, «43» S'» 
63, 65, 69, s^f 227, 58, 147, 149, 56, 99, 175, 58, 75, 60, 211, 217, 
227, 61, 95, 62, 193, 20|, 67, 27. Generic name, 9, 303; true 
Algonkins, 5, 288; Algonkin and Huron names, 9i, 239; origin 
of name, 44, 243. 



fUrervIlle] INDEX 185 

Location: in 1640-41, 5» 279» 18, 22g, Ji» 259; distance from 
Hudson Bay, 44, 243; winter in Huronia, 5, 221, 13, 191, an, 14, 
7, 285, ao, 97, J4, 269, J7, 53-55 ; at SiUcry, 3a, 221 ; at St Xahrier 
des Prés, 58, 75; on Montreal Island, 67, 531; at Lake of Two 
Mountains (1726), i, 21, 67, 331, 70, 93- 

Language: speak Algonquian, 0, 268, 21, 123, 239; purity of, 
5, 288; Jesuits study, Ji, 245, a7, 57. 

rWfro/ characteristics, etc.: superstitious, 13, 211; modest, JX, 
123; industrious, 123; musical, 123; attitude toward Christianity, 
123, 241-245 ; nomads, 239» 27, 51 ; possess wealth, JX, 239. Occupa- 
tions—traders, XX, 197-199» ^^f 123, 239, 49, 245; fishers, jx, 239; 
ptactice agriculture, 239-241. Funeral ceremonies among, 70, 149. 

Events in history: celebrate feast of dead, xx, 279, 23, 209, 6 J, 
201; epidemic among, X3, 211, 233, X5, 137; carry home dead, X4, 
37; elect chiefs, 23, 217; chiefs make presents, 217; at Miscou, 30, 

143. 

Relations with other tribes: trade at Hudson Bay, x8, 229^ ax, 
a39i 48» 3^; defeated, 49, 173. Algonkins, allied with, 33, 221; 
Amikoués, hostile to, xo, 83 ; Crées, trade with, 44, 249. Hurons — 
voyage with, 9, 271 ; winter with, 13, 191, 211, 14, 7, 285, ao, 97, J4, 
3^ 37» 53-55- Iroquois — hostilities with, 35, 201, 49, 245-251 ; cap- 
tured hy, 37» III, 38, 177; flee from, gx, 63. Islanders, detained by, 
9, 271 ; Montagnais present at council of, 52, 227. 

Relations with French: Récollets with, 4, 259; visit Quebec, 5, 
219; convey Jesuits to Huronia, 8, 71-73; Nicolet with, 295, 9, 
215, J3, 277; Jesuits with, and mission to, xx, 279, X2, 274, X3, 271, 
x8, 256, JO, 93, 97, 103, JX, 121-123, 241-245, 297, J3, 207, 227, 275, 

327, J7. 47-51. 57» 30, 113, 1 19-125. 40, 235, 4«, 241, 44. 237, 51» 63, 
56, 99, 89, 217, 60, 211, 6x, 95-101; misled regarding Jesuits, X4, 15; 
attitude toward Jesuits, J3, 233; Jesuits instruct, 5X, 63; baptized 
25, 27-29; Christians among, 51, 67. Pur trade with, jx, 241, 44, 
245, 49, 243-245, 249; Dollier with, 50, 320; in Port William Henry 
(George) campaign, 70, loi, 147-149, 197. 
Nipissings, Lake of the, 44, 237. See Lakes : Nipissing. 
Nipistingues, 70, 93, loi. See Nipissings. 
Nipmucks, 36, 243. See Penacooks. 
Niregouentaron, 6j, 273. See Teganissoren. 
Niscaminou, Souriquois name for sun and for God, 3, 133. 
Nisibourounik, Crée tribe, 44, 249, 325. 
Nismes, edict of (1629), 7, 310-31 1. 

Niverville, Joseph Boucher, chevalier de : lands owned by, yx, 87. 
Niverville, 69, 179, 298. See Boucher, Joseph. 
Niverville, Jean Boucher, sieur de: titles, 69, 298; family, 298; 
sketch, 2^ 



186 /ES I/ IT RELA TIONS [Noah 

Noah: deluge of, i, 6i, 75; legends about, 73-75; story oi tdd lo 
Indians, u, 151. 

Nobrega, Emmanuel, Jesuit: founds Brazilian mission (1549), la, 
276. 

Noce (Nopce), J7, 93, 313, 36, I3i, 44, 119. See Mézeray, René. 

Nochpeems, Mohegan tribe, 36, 244. 

Noel (Negabamat?), Algonkin convert: present to, 27, 103; goes 
hunting, 45, 89. 

Noel, Jacques, grandnephew of Cartier: letter by, cited, s» 981. 

Noel, Jacques, a servant: slain by Iroquois, 43, 322. 

Noël, Jean Baptiste, Jesuit : arrives in Canada (lay brother ; 1752), 
71, 179; at Quebec college, 70, 83; ordained to perpetuate order 
(1766), 71» 179; sketch, 179. 

Noela, Michel, slain by Iroquois, 3S, 183. 

Noirclair (Noirder), Nicolas, Jesuit brother, 71, 13s; at SiUery, 
30, 197 ; at Quebec, 32, 71 ; goes to France, 35, 55 ; sketch, 71, 
146. 

Noiseux, François, Canadian priest: Liste chronologique, dted, 4, 
260. 

Noland (Nolan), Pierre, dit Le Chevalier: nephew of I^Avaugour, 
47> ^77 '> expedition against Iroquois, 305; marriage, 317; dines 
with Jesuits, 48, 225 ; goes to France, 237 ; sketch, 47, 317. 

Nomination, right of, in feudal tenures, 47, 267. See also Seign- 
iories. 

Nopce. See Noce. 

Nordlinger Register (1480), cited, 49, 276-277. 

Norembega (Norambegua, Norambegue, Norembegua, Norembegue, 
Norombega, Norumbega, Norumbegua), appellation of district, vil- 
lage, and river: scope of term, i, 309; true form of word, J09; 
confused with Acadia, 309^ 3, 267, 273 ; disused, i, I55t 3» 41 ; lo- 
cation, I, 309, 3, 41; dimate, 63; fertility of soil, 63; De Moots 
in, 43; researches concerning, 71, 314. See also Ariunbcc and 
Rivers. 

Norman Charter, i, 57, 2, 189. See Chartre Normand. 

Normand, Jean, dit La Guay : death of wife, 46, 181 ; sketch, 303. 

Normand, Jean Baptiste, furnishes hay to Jesuits, 71, 105. 

Normandy, northern district of France, 5, 292, 10, 320^ 11, 277, 

24, 309, a7, 3", 313, 36, 247, 39. 39. 46, 303, 47, 3i6, 64, 274, 69 
2%; emigration from, to New France, 7, 309-310, 16, 257; de- 
pendence of New France upon, 257; ship from, 45, 157, 50, 
217; commerce with New France, 47, 305-307, 48, 235-237, 4% 
i^ 173; books relating to, 71, 221, 305, 327. 
Normans, inhabitants of Normandy, 11, 276; Indian name lor all 



NoterlesJ INDEX 187 

French, a, 89, 3, 147 ; in Newfoundland fisheries, i, i ; early voy- 
ageurs among, a, 203; discoveries and explorations, 303, a> 39» 4% 

105, 71, 33B-339. 

Normanville, , testifies for Alhanel, 50, 185. 

Normanville, Thomas Godefroy, sieur de, interpreter, 34, 311; re- 
mains in Canada during English occupation (1629-32), Ji, 311 ; at 
Three Rivers (1634-52), 311; Iroquois capture and return, 10, 
321, JI, 23-45, 3", «4. 197, «7, 263, 37, 113, 38, 59» AAy 99; accom- 
panies Le Jeune to Prance, J4, 197; at Port Richelieu, 197-199^ 
215; instructs Indians, 199; with Attikamègues, 36, 117, 129, 37, 19, 
25» 35» 59; slain by Iroquois (1652), Ji, 311; sketch, 311. 

Norridgewock, Me., 37, 267; etymology of name, 36, 238; Rale 
founds, 66, 346; English at, 67, 337; history, 71, 313. See also 
Narantsouat. 

Norridgewocks. See Canibas and Nurhântsuaks. 

Norsemen. See Northmen. 

North Carolina (colony and state) : Verrazano explores coast near, 
I, 2; English in, 65, 266. 

North, Lord Prederick, cited, 70, 311. 

North Channel, 66, 81-83. See Straits : Hudson. 

North Land, district about Hudson Bay, 66, 83. 

North Orillia, Ont, Indian sites in, 34, 256. 

Northampton, Mass., Smith college at, 67, 337. 

Northern Indiana Historical Society : Publications, cited, 66, 348. 

Northern passage, i, 91. See Northwest passage. 

Northern sea, 5, 55, 33, 67, See Bays: Hudson. 

Northmen (Norsemen) : discoverers of America, i, i ; in Massa- 
chusetts, 309; on North American coast, 71, 315. 

Northwest, geographical region of North America, 55, 320; Per- 
rot takes possession of, 66, 337; La Vérendrye, commandant in, 
68, 334; La Vérendrye resigns commandancy in, 69, 290. Tribes 
of — 4 J, 296, 44, 324-325; Perrot describes, 55» 33i; Du Luth 
trades with, 62, 274; aid Prench against Iroquois, 274. History, 
71, 318-332. 

Northwest coast, history, 71, 296. 

Northwest passage, hypothetical navigable route to Orient: search 
for and conjectures regarding, i, 91, 45, 221-225, 46, 249-251, 54, 

13s» 71» 249. 
Norumbega, J, 65, 71, 314. See Norembega. 

Nose-rings, Indians wear, 44, 289, 70, 95, 149. 

Nostre Dame, Anne de, Ursuline : sent to Canada, J5, 223. 

Notaries: public — at Quebec, 71, 71, 93-95; at Paris, 83. Royal, 

at Quebec, 45» 271» 7i» 395- 



188 JESUIT RELA TIONS [fMM 



Notes, promissory: given by Gravier, 66, 33-35; given by La 

Richardic, 69, 269, 70, 31, 39; transferred, 51. 
Notman ft Son, photographers : aid from acknowledged, i, xii. 
Notre-Dame (Paris?), nuns of: desire to go to Canada, S, ^37; 

piety, II, 59. 

Notre Dame des Anges. See Jesuits: residences; Récotleks, and 
Seigniories. 

Notre Dame des Anges, Jesuit appellation of Neutral village: sit^ 
Ji, 317. 36, 248. 

Notre Dame de Bon Désir: location, 6S, 83; Indians at, 83, 
97, 107; French at, 83; chapel at, 99. See also Tadoussac 

Notre Dame de Bon Secours: I. Menard's station. Lake Superior, 
46, 145; called Chassahamigon, 145. II. On St. Lawrence — 
Jesuit lands at, 47, 261, 49, 181. 

Notre-Dame de la Conception, 19, 135, 49, 299. See Ste. Marie of 
the Hurons. 

Notre Dame de Foy. See Jesuits: mission colonies. 

Notre Dame de Foy, Dinan, Prance, wooden image of, 53, 131, 287, 
60, 7h 87, 316. 

Notre Dame de Montreal, Society of. See Montreal. 

Notre Dame, Montreal, parish register. See Montreal, and Regis- 
ters. 

Notre Dame de Montreal, 2J, 273. See Islands: Montreal. 

Notre Dame de la Paix. See Quebec: churches. 

Notre Dame de Recouvrance. See Chapels, and Quebec: churches. 

Nottawa, Ontario village: origin of name, 23, 326. 

Nottawasaga, township and river in Ontario: origin of name, »S, 
326; township, Indian sites in, 5, 279, jo, 307-308, 35, 291. See 
also Rivers: Nottawasaga. 

Noudagaro, a Montagnais : Richard sends letters by, 24, 145 ; char- 
acter, 147. 

Noue (Denouë), Anne de, Jesuit, 5, 61, 65, 71, 87, 91, 129, 133, 151, 
199, 223, 227, 229, 233. 235, 243, 263, 6, 7, 9, 43» 47» 59, 7, 69, 7h 2Q9, 
S, 65, 9» 312, 12, 55, 145, 191, 42, 298, 71. 135 ; of noble birth, 29, 
25; page at court, 4, 266, 29, 25, 39> 165; officer of king's bed- 
chamber, 4, 266; arrives in Canada (1626), 266; at Quebec 
(1627 — conquest, 1628), 266; sails second time for Canada, 8, 11; 
details of voyage, 11-39; arrives at Quebec (1632), i, 9^ 4, 266, 8, 
39; repairs ruined buildings, 4, 266, 6, 326; unable to learn 
Indian languages, i, 23, 4, 266, 39, 167; martyrdom and 
burial (1646), 4, 267, M, 163-167, 273, 293, 29, 17-29. dSt 
frontispiece, 39, 159-165, 59, 37, 71, 138; Hurons recover body» 
28, 163, 29, 23, 34, 219; mass and prayers for, 28, 165-167; 



INDEX IW 



life and virtues, 39> 165-167; character, 4, 267, 99, 27-29; moau- 

ment to, i, 20; cited, u, 73; sketch, 4, 266-267, 71, 138; 

Ragueneau's aocotmt of, 233. 

Missionary labors: accompanies Brébeuf to Horonia (1626), i, 
23, 4, 221, 260, 26S'266, 39» ^65, 70, 205; attempts to winter with 
Mootafirnais, 4, 266; spends life at French settlements, 266; at Que- 
bec, I, 9, 4, 181-183, 256; at Sillery, i, 20; visits sick Indian, 5, 
loi ; with Manitottgache, 163-169; dnties, 6, 39^ 47, 326^ 29, 35; at 
Notre Dame des Anges, 22, 41; at Port RichdUeu, 24, 197; at 
Three Rivers, 27, 81, 119; in Canada, 29, 27-29. 
Nouel (Noel), 36, Sg. See Negabamat, Noel. 
Nouns, conjugated in Indian languages, 39, 121. 
Nouquets (Nouquet, Noukek), Algonquian tribe: location, 44, 

247, 324, 94, 133; at Sault Ste. Marie, 133; unite with Ojibwas, 

18, 2591 
Nooseskwewe, Montagnais convert: baptized, 09, 63. 
Noutchihuict (Noutchihout), Algonquian tribe: location, 36, 103, 

244; numerous, 103; dreaded by Iroquois, 103; use firearms, 

105. 
Nouv8i« (Nouvelle), Henri (Henry), Jesuit, 47» 293, 50, 201, 327, 

52, 219, 87, 21, 261, 265, 61, 97, 107, 113. 133» 139» 143. 71, 135; 

arrives in Oanada (1662), 47, 285, 317; receives Marquette's 

bones, 59, 203-205; death (169S, 1696 or 1702), 47. W* 7»» I49^ 

399; conflicting reports of, 47, 317; biography, 317-318» 7'» 14^ 

I49t 237. 

Missionary labors: in Tadoussac mission (1662-69), 47, 317, 48, 
241, 52, 215; with Montagnais, i, 16, 51, 269; harangues Monta- 
gnais, 82, 225; with Papinachois (1664-67), 18, 257> 49. 161, 50, 117, 
193» 51» 75» 03. 223; voyage to Papinachois, 50, 21-35; returns from 
Papinachois, 211; winters with Indians, 47, 309, 48, .231, 279^ 49, 
159» BX> 147; at Quebec, 48, 237; with Gaspesians, 8>> 217. In 
Quebec college (1669-70), 47, 317. In Ottawa mission — with Ami- 
koués (1671-72), IO, 322, 47, 317; superior of Ottawa missions 

(1672-78, 1679-80. 1688-95). 47, 317. 56, 91, 87. 335. 59. 71. »3, 60, 
147, 215, 61, 69; at Sault Ste. Marie, 59, 217; at Mackinac (St Ig- 
nace), 219^ 60, 213, 61, 103, 123; founds mission at Métabetchooan, 
60, 322; with Lake Huron tribes, 62, 201; at Oreen Bay mission, 
201, 66, 347. 

Writings: letters and journals-- (Rei. 1663-64), 48, 15, 279-289^ 
49. îhiQ, 17-73; (Rei 1664-65), go, 9. 21-35; (Rei 1671-72). 86, 7, 
11-12, 93-105, 71. 197; (1673). 57, 7. 9, «-«S. 307. 7i. I97; (R^^- 
1676-77). 60, 7, 20, 215-229, 71, 199. 
Nouvelles des Missions d'Amérique, compiled from Lettres 

Hantes, 66, 330. 



190 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Nova Scotia 

Nova Scotia (Canadian province), 67, 334; called Breton, a, 904; 
promontories of, 304-305; minerals in, 3, 295-397; tribes of, i, 
308-309, J, 292; caribou in, 3, 297; De Monts in, i, 4; Récollets 
in, 7; Champlain in, 3, 295; granted to Alexander (1621, 1625), 
4, 269-270; British colony in, 270; claims of the Kirks to» 5> 277; 
French settlements in, conquered (1690), 64, 274; ceded to Eng- 
land (1713), 67, 332-333. Counties — Annapolis, iron in, 3, 296; 
history, 71, 301. Digby, 2, 295. Lunenburg, history of, cited, x, 
315» 7i> 303- Works relating to Nova Scotia, i, 315, 71, 257, 273, 
299-312. See also Acadia. 

Nova Scotia Historical Society: secretary of, i, 315. CoUeeiioms, 
cited, 69, 301, 71. 299» 331. 

Novum Belgium, 28, 105. See Jogues, Isaac; and New Nether- 
lands. 

Noyelle, Nicolas Joseph de, French officer: leads expedition against 
Sacs and Foxes, 68, 333. 

Noyers, de. See Des Noiers, and Des Noyers. 

Noyon, Jean de: French envoy to Mohawks, 45, 95; returns to 
France, 117; sketch, 270. 

Noyon, Suzanne de, marriage, 46, 302. 

Noyrot, Philibert, Jesuit, 71, 135; arrives in Canada (i6a6), 4, 267; 
returns to France, 181-183, 219, 267; attempts to convey supplies 
to Jesuits in Canada, 267; influence at court, 263, 267; shipwreck 
and death (1629), 233-239, 255» 267, 269; sketch, 267, 71, 138-139- 

Numbers, book in Bible, cited, i, 217. 

Nuncio, papal, ecclesiastical officer, i, 310, j, 294. 

Nun-dà-wa-o-nó, 8, 293. See Senecas. 

Nuns, xo, 33, 46, 39, 64, 47; Indian appellation of, 38, 143, 41, 161, 
48, 91, 49, 189; in France, 22, 179, 28, 233; eager to go to Can- 
ada, 7, 257-261, 309; established in Canada, 16, 9, 19; slandered 
by medicine-man, 41, 45; participate in religious procession 
on shipboard, x8, 73 ; Le Jeune advises, 77-79 ; not needed for re- 
mote missions, 79; Indians wish to become, 20, 179-181, 25, 203, 
225-229^ 40, 231, 44, 259; influence of work upon Indians, 20, 
229, 241; of Canadian birth, 11, 277, 38, 291, 36, 249» 37» "9^ 
26s, 267, 42, 255, 43, 35, 44, 121, 45, 79; obstacles encountered by 
girls wishing to become, 38, 75-91 ; investitures of, require episco- 
pal authority, 185-187; aid Indians, 39, 45, 40, 59; development 
of Canada, aided by, 39, 45; not allowed to engage in trade, 44, 
93; at Quebec, 47, 255; choir, 56, 281-283; of St Sacrement, 6a, 
39; singing of, compared to Iroquois, 68, 275; history, 71, 307. 
See also Hospital Nuns and Ursulines. 

Nuphar advena. See Water-lily. 



Onu] INDEX 191 

Nurhântsuaks, Algonquian tribe: identified, 36, 238; etjnnology of 

name, 938; location, 241. Ste also Canibas and Norridgewocka. 
Nutmegs: odor of, insipid to Indians, 44, 279; Hospital nuns ask 

lor, 49, 207, 51, 113, 52, 109; in theriacs, 50, 327; as remedy for 

seasickness, 60, 109; in Jesuit invoice, 66, 29. 
Nuts: in Iroquois country, 43, 257, 325; in Canada, 04, 97; in 

Illinois cotmtry, 63, 291, 65, 73, 66, 229; Indians gather, 64, 127; 

Barbadoes (see Physic-nuts). See also the several varieties. 
Nnttall, Thomas: Flora of Arkansas Territory, cited, 5, 2S2, 71, 

348. 

OACAy a Huron: accuses medicine-man, 13, 155. 

Oachon]^ Jacques, Huron convert, 41, 173; death, 43, ii(hi3i. 

Oagimont. Etechemin chief: aids Poutrincourt, i, 145. 

Oars, 3^ 257- See Paddles. 

Oal^ 1, 7% ^ I57> 9* i67> ^8, in, 43» 259, 4% 261, SB, I93r 59» 107» 

60, 217, 69, 61 ; wood used for bows, 15» MS'» hark eaten in time 

of famine, 48, 119^ 67, 223; standing timber, must be preserved by 

landholders, 71, 77-79. 
Oatarra, personage in Huron folk-lore, 10, 209. 
Oatentak, a Huron: brings news to Quebec, a8, 169-171. 
Oaths: regarded by Mennonites as unlawful, j8, 313; Bible used 

in administering, 71, 43; of allegiance to Great Britain, required, 

as 

Oatii, Joseph, Huron convert: patience and death, 8, 131, 141. 

Oats, 70, 59^ 65; cultivated at Quebec, 4, 193; in New Nether- 
lands, 218, 113; at Detroit, 69, 255; in Louisiana, 211; by Jes- 
uits, 6, 79» 70, 45, 55» 67; price, 69» 265, 273. 

Oats, wild, 54, 193, 215, iM9^ 307. See Rice, wild. 

Obituary (Lat. elogium), 47, 253. See Letters, circular. 

Oblates, religious order, 21, 301. 

O'Callaghan, £. B., editor and collector, i, 42, 41, 251-253, 45» 266, 
49» 274t BO, 314. 55» 317 ; reprints by» I» ix, 43-44» 302-303, a, 287- 
268y 290^ 3» a86-2ffî, 4, 247-251, 72, 9 — where published in this 
series, 71, 240 ; notes by, i, 197-201, J, 69, 293 ; preface to Lalemant's 
letter, 4, 233; cited, ji, 316, 41, 251, 259, 62, 274. BibUography, 
cited, 5, 273 ; Jesuit Relations, 71, 239-240 ; translated t^ Martin, 
41, 250. New Netherlands, cited, 21, 318, 24, 312, 25, 288, 28, 

SIS 71» 31^ 

Ocean: names applied to it by Indians, 15, 247, 41, 79. Arctic — 
icebergs come from, 38, 227. Atlantic (Oceanus Athlanticus, O. 
Ocddentalis, Breton Ocean, French Ocean, Ocean Sea, Ocean of 
Gnienne), J, 67» 3» 39» 291, 4» 191» 10, 133» »6, 233» 257» 67, 333; 



in JESUIT RELA TIONS p 

Ocean (continued) — 
breadth, J, 199; storms upon, 18, 67-69^ 20, 119, 37, 8r-^ 9% 
S3, 70, a95; voyage across described, i, 145-151, 189^ w^ 9, 

85^7, 131-133. 177. 8* 11-17» iS, 67-75. 3^ 109. 60, I05-Ii7r 68, 
22S'22g. Pacific — 3, 57, 4, 191, 68, 332; see also Seas: China. 

Ochahend, Huron renegade: burned at Three Rivers, 38^ 177. 

Ochasteguis (Ochastaiguins, Ochatequins), a{»pellatioa of Hnrons, 
J, 205-207, 303, 8» 278. 

Ochateguin, Ottawa chief : fights under Champlain, 5, 288. 

Ocher, red, found near Peoria, 59, 127. 

Ochiawarentonlcwi, a Huron: captured by Iroquois, 38, 179. 

Ochiendarenouan, Andre, Huron convert: piety, 30, 49^ 

Ochionagueras, Jean Baptiste, Onondaga chief: friendly to Preoch, 

43, 109-111. 
Ochiotta, a Huron: friend of missionaries, 13, 183. 
Ochiwentaete, a Huron: wounds his companion, 32, 71. 
Odd, 13, 107. See Old. 

Oddone, , Jesuit, 18, 33. 

Oeiatonnehengué, misprint for Otiatannehengué, 4a, 207. 
Oek, Huron elder: in conference with Jesuits, 41, 23. 
Oendraka (Oouendraka), Marie, Huron convert, 60, 83, loi ; piety, 

84f 39^301, 88» 21-31, 249-251, 60, 47; miraculously cured, 59- 

65. 
OenriOb 8, 105, 107, 141, 297, 13, 169, 177, 34, 255. See Wenrio. 
Oenronnons, 39, 141. See Wenrôhronnons. 
Oëntara, a Huron: hostile to Jesuits, ai, 213-215. 
Officiality, takes cognizance of complaints against parish priests» 48, 

81. 
Ofogotdas, Yazoo tribe: faithful to French, 68, 173. 
Ogdensburg, N. Y., 41, 256, 6a, 274; site of Picquet's Indian col- 
ony, 69, 295; memorials of Picquet at, 71, 382. 

Ognon, , comte d', 36, 137. See Quen, comte d', and Oignon. 

Ohenhen, Huron chief: attacked by Iroquois, 36, 121; envoy to 

Neutrals, 133. 
Oheraenti, René, Huron convert: at Three Rivers, a8, 241-343; 

conveys Chastillon, 3a, 85. 
Oherokouaehronon, Huron-Iroquois tribe, 18, 233. 
Ohio (state) : Indian migrations in, 8, 298, 47» 3i6, 71» ^90; French 

in, 69, 2gS {see also Céloron) ; archaeology, 71, 268. 
Oiander, 54, 281, 283. See Oyander. 

Oignon, , comte d', owns ship, 32, 105. See also Ogoou. 

Oigoudi, Etechemin village, i, 83; location, 79. 

Oiiakonchiaronk, Ignace, Huron convert: piety and zeal, 30, i9-^3- 



OlftwM] INDEX 19ft 

Oil, 9, 157, IO, 271, 43, 243» 54, 97, 66, 39, 70, 61. Sources: bear, 
51, 289, 67, a8s, 391 ; deer, 5I1 a89; fish, 50, 241, 59, 59; goose, 

51, 289; nuts, 43, 257, 325; olive, 49, 277, 5», 289; porpdac, 
48, 175, 68, 89; seal, 3, 79, aio, 201, 321, 93, 48, I75, 50, 241, 59, 5i. 
59, 69, 95, loi, 107, 125; springs (mineral), 8, ^9, 43, 261, 326; 
sunflower, 257, 325; whale, 42, 285, 48, 175, 49, 25, 50, 241, 
59, 51. Process of rendering, 68, 89-93; stored in bladders, 3, 
79^ 68, 91, 70, 41. Exported to Antilles, 50, 241 ; Prance sends, to 
Canada, 60, 115; should be sent to Europe, 59, 51, 59; production 
of lower St. Lawrence, 69, 95-101, 107-109, 121, 125 ; bartered for 
beaver, 127; sold at Detroit mission, 70, 41. Uses — skin anointed 
with, I. 279, 283, .3, 115; on hair, 4, 205, 43, 325; a» food, i, 
283, 5, 97, 282, ao, 201, 43, 325, 67, 291-293, 69, loi ; cooking with, 
6«, 89-91; medicinal, 43, ^ 49, 277, 5i, 289; light, 68, 83, 89; 
dressing hides, 83, 89. See also Grease. 

Oil Spring, Alleghany county, N. Y. : location and description, 43, 
326. 

Ointments, 13, 225, 257, 3a, 279, 66, 29; various kinds used by Euro- 
peans, 49, 207, 277, 51, 113; used by Indians, 38, 259 — to cause 
death, 12, 15 ; sent to Huron missionaries, 38, 259. 

Oiogoenhronnons (Oiochronons, Oiogeronons, Oiogouanronnons, 
Oiogueronnon, Oiogwehronnons, Oiogweronons, Oiotchronon), 
Huron appellation of Cayuga tribe, 42, 169, 43, 167, 263, 281, 307, 
44, 21, 27, 195, 213, 48, 161, 207, 46, 117, 123, 225, 227, 235, 239, 
243, 47, 71, 77 f 79, 105, "i, 48, 237, 5i, "9. 

Oiogouen (Oigoien, Oiogoen, Oiogouan, Oiogouens, Oiogouin, Oio- 
gwen), chief village of Cayuga tribe, 4a, 99, loi, iii, 121, 123, 151, 
171, 185, 189, 43, 167, 189, 259, 45, 215, 46, 117, 181, 22s 47, 81, 
103, 185, 189, 197, 49, 259, 50, 187, 197, 51, 177, 255, 257, 

52, 173, 175, 179, 54, 75, 109, 59, 77, 60, 175, 61, 21, 237, 
6a, 105, 107, 65, 27; population, 5a, 193. See Caytiga. 

Oiogouens (Oiogoen, Oiogouins), name given by Cayugas to their 

tribe, 8, 298, 44, 123, 5i, 83, 52, 161, 179, 181, 53, 247, 255, 56, I75» 

59, 245- 
Oionhaton, Thérèse, Huron convert: baptizes infant, 4a, 81. 

Oiseau-mouche ("fly-bird''), 38, 241. See Humming-bird. 

Ojibwas (Ojebways, Chippewas), Algonquian tribe, 54, 306, 57, 319, 
71, 291; location and language, 51, 61; dans, 58, 293; fortified 
villages, 23, 325; unite with adjoining tribes, 18, 259; wars with 
other Algonquian tribes, 23, 225-227; massacre English at Madd- 
nac, 70, 317; travels of some, in Europe, 71, 290; books rdatiiig 
to, 280, 290-292, 347. 5*^^ aUo Baouichtigouian, Chippewas, ami 
Sauteurs. 



IM JESUIT RELA TIONS [Ok» 

Oka, Que., mission village : tribes at, 58, 295 ; La Montague mis- 
sion removed to, 6 j, 275. See Lakes : Two Mountains, emd Sulpi- 
tian missions. 

Okatakwan, Paul, Huron convert, a6, 391. 

Okhi, XJ, 243. See Oki. 

Okhiarenta, Huron medicine-man : proclaims vow to God, made by 
his people, 13, 187. 

Okhukwandoron, Jean Baptiste, Huron convert : at Quebec and Sii- 
lery, J J, 135-153; baptized, 13^^141 • 

Old (odd, okhi, oky, oqui, oski, otki), Huron appdladon of ^irits 
or demons, 5» 257, 10, 135, 195, 13, 107, 15, 49» »6, 25, 57» I4ft 
155» 157* 167, 58, 219, 221 ; meaning of word, », 243 ; application 
of term, 10, 49, 161, 205 — to inanimate objects, 33, 211, 39, 25; to 
mythical serpent, 33, 215; how pictured, 5, 285; invoked, xo, 
161; character, 13, 270; grants superhuman powers, 33, 193; 
apparitions of, 17, 199, 33, 193; assumes various animal forms, 
39, 21. Cf. Aaskwandiks, and Manitou. 

Oklahoma (territory), lowas live in, 60, 321. 

Okonchiarennen, Onondaga chief: speech by, 4a, 85. 

Olbeau, Jean d'. Récollet missionary : labors with Montagnais, x, 7 ; 
acting superior, 4, 262. 

Olbeau, Jean d' (Dolebeau), Jesuit, 7X, 130; with Souriquois, J4, 
153 ; aided by Desdames, xa, 275, 24, 153 ; sickness and death, 8, 
292, 24, 155, «5, 29, 67, 3a, 39; sketch, 24, 310-311, 71, 144- 

Old Britain, Miami chief, 69, 299. See La Demoiselle. 

Old Colony Historical Society: CollecHonSj 7X, 314. 

Old South Leaflets, cited, 3» 292, 7X, 257. 

Oldmixon, John: Brit. Empire, cited, 6x, 269, 7X, 250, 257. 

O'Leary, Rev. T., Edgegrove, Pa.: aid from, acknowledged, 6, 4. 

Oliban, 49, 276. See Incense. 

Olier, Jean Jacques, priest, ax, 311 ; organizes society of priests, 312; 
founds Montreal, 311, aa, 203; establishes Sulpitian order, x, 20, 
43, 322. Journée Chrestienne, 49, 211; Virit. Motifs ascribed to, 
ax, 312, 71, 257-258. 

Oliva, , Jesuit, x8, 33. 

Oliva, Gian Paolo (Jean Paul), general of Jesuits, 38, 295, 47, 247, 
257, 48, 183. 

Oliveau, Pierre, miller, Jesuit engagé: arrives at Quebec, 3a, loz; 
sent to Huron mission, 34, 59. 

Olives, used at Quebec, a8, 169, 181. 

" Olivier, big,** nickname of Mataouau, 9, 37, X4, 155. 

Oliver, François, Montagnais child, 9, 21; baptized, 7-^7- 

Olivier, sieur, 8, 73, 99, 95, a3, 279. See Le Tardif. 



] INDEX 195 

Ollius, d\ 64» 119. See Ddlius. 

Oinahas, Sionan tribe: customs, 9, 308; sociology, 71, ags; "sa- 
cred pole," 277. 

Omar, Claude, his last testament, 71, 233. 

Omens, interpretation, ij, 9, 17, 21, 25. See also Dreams, and In- 
dians: superstitions and beliefs. 

Omikoues, 67, 161. See Amikoués. 

Onaconchtaronk, Huron chief: speech by, 13, 171 -175. 

Onagan, Iroquois chief: harangues French, ji, 43. 

Onahan, William J. : Jes. in Chicago, 71, 240. 

Onaharé, Joseph, Algonkin convert: conversion, ss» 237, 229; piety 
and courage, 229-233 ; martyrdom, frontispiece, 223-227. 

Onahré, Joseph, Huron convert: tortured to death by Iroquois, 39, 
87. 

Onakonchiaronk, Ignace, Huron convert: patience in afflictions, 33, 
167; encourages missionary, 167-169. 

Onatiawe, a Huron : captured by Iroquois, 3S, 177. 

Onda^aiondiont, a Huron : gives warning of Iroquois attack, 36, 119. 

Ondaaiondiont, Charles, Huron convert: exhorts pagans, 30, S7-59; 
envoy to Andastes, 33, 129-133; visits Swedes, 133-137, 185; slain 
by Iroquois, 34, 217 ; his excellent Christian character, 33, 183-187. 

Ondachienroa, Huron name for poisonous root, 13, 27; probable 
identity, 270. 

Onda^enronk, 38, 181. See Matoutisson. 

Ondalcont, a Huron : at Three Rivers, 37, 109. 

Ondakont, Joachim, Huron chief, 43, 143; captured by Mohawks, 
1 19-123. 

Ondassai.anens (Iroquois ?), menace French settlements, 36, 119. 

Ondata wawat (Ondataouaouat, Ondatauauat, Ondata wawak, Onda- 
touatandy), Algonkin name for Ottawas, aa, 317, 33, 151, 227, 38, 
181, 235, 39, 15, 41, 77, 255» 4», 109. 

Ondatonateni (Ondatawawak ?), warriors of, to fight Iroquois, 38, 
181. 

Ondesson, Huron war-chief, 13, 61, 79; visits Jesuits, 15, 25. 

Ondesson, Huron-Iroquois appellation of the Algonldn Tesswehat 
(Le Borgne), 8, 296, 28, 297. 

Ondessonk (Ondesonk, Ondesson), Huron-Iroquois appellation of 
Jogues, 14, 288, 16, 239. 26, 187, 316, 29, 233, 31, 87, 89b I3^ ^3$f 
3«, 245, 39, 22ft 50, 171 ; of Le Moyne, 14, 288, 41, 89, 97, Ï09, 117, 
4«, 43, 43, 18ft 195, 201, 215, 217, 44, 87-91, 99, 127, 129, 197, 199, 
203, 207, 211, 213, 217, 223, 231, 44, 321, 45, 85, 89, 93, 95, 46, 239, 
47, 183, 50, 129; of Beschefer, 171; meaning, 26, 316, 50, 171. 

Ondessonka, Joseph, Oneida convert: piety, 55, 45-51. 

Ondhatetaionk, a Huron, 36, 143. 



IM JESUIT RELA TIONS [Oadbw«ni«k 



Ondhwaralc, Jacques, Huron convert: captured by Iroquois, 36, 
123; escapes from captors, 133. 

Ondhwe^i (Onnhoudei), Dominique, Huron convert: drowned, 37, 
105-107. 

Ondîatsondi, a Huron : captured by Iroquc»s, 37, 93. 

Ondieragueté, Louis Guillaume, Mohawk convert : baptized, 84» ^^' 

Ondihorrea, Huron chief: illness cured by baptism, 17, 137; apos- 
tatizes, 139. 

Ondihouchoren, Gabriel, Huron convert : captured by Iroquois, 47, 
289. 

Ondinnonk (ondinone), secret desire of the soul, 39, 21, 23, 27; de- 
scribed, 33, 191-193; dictated by familiar spirit, 17, 155, 163, 191- 
193; bow gratified, 155-163, 179-187; name applied to a dream, 191, 
195* See also Dreams and Ononharoia. 

Onditachiaé, Huron medicine-man: pretends to control weather, 
10, 195. 

Ondfwaharea, a Huron: captured by Iroquois, a8, 231. 

Ondoaskoua, Huron woman : captured by Iroquois, 42, 73-75. 

Ondoutaeté (Ondoutaehte), Huron deity of war: invoked, 33, 225; 
apparitions of, 93, 153. 

Ondoutawaka (Ondoutaouakeronnon), Algonquian tribe, 22, 317, 27, 
27; Hurons trade with, 22, 75. See also Ondatawawat, and Ot- 
tawas. 

Ondouterraon, a Huron: slain by Iroquois, 28, 121. 

One-eyed men, chiefs of Island tribe, 6, 7, 8, 296. See Le Borgne, 
and Tesswehat. 

Oneida Historical Society : Transactions, cited, 8« 293, 71, 292, 331. 

Onisedas (Oneioutes, Oneiouts, Onneyouts; " Nation of the Stone"), 
Iroquois tribe, i, 11, 41» 69, 73, in, 115, 42, 107, 50, 167, 51» I47. 
249, 82, 145; meaning of name, 8, 299; location, 33, 65, 49, 151, 
257, 83> 145» 61, 165, 66, 187 ; rank in League, 8, 299, 300^ 43, 263 ; 
country described, $6, 49; villages, 27, 315, 8X» ^f^l population, 
48. 207, 47, 217, 49, 257, 81, 231, 83, «47; character, 47, 217, 49. 
127, 81, 123, 221, 52, 145, 86, 27, 31 ; government, 21, loi ; hered- 
itary chiefs, 64, 91, 276; social conditions, 87, 121-123; their em- 
blem a stone, s^, I45, 262 ; feast of dead, 83, 213 ; epidemic among, 
247. 
Relations with other tribes : Algonkin — hostilities with, 28, 225, 

281, 29, 229, 81, 123. Amikoués (Beavers) — hostilities with, 42, 75, 

47, 71» 84, "5- Andastes — war with, 82, 147, 83, 243, 247. Foxes 

— war with, 62, 185. Hurons — hostilities with, 27, 297, 29, 147, 

229-231, 81, 123. Illinois — war with, 62, 185. Iroquois (other 

tribes of) — embassies sent, 42, 95, 38, 181, 185. Mohawks — ask 



OUMkNit] INDEX 197 

their aid, a8, 281. Mohegans (Loups) — war with, 5J, 147, 53, 355. 
Ottawas — war with, 48, 75. Stockbridges — give them land, a6, 

315. 
Relations with white men : English — 64, loi, 143. French — visit 

their settlements, 43, 251-255, 50, 211, 64, 275; send embassies, 40, 
91, 163, 4«, 95, 44, 195, 48. 81, 46, 225, 239, 50, 137, I9I-I93; hosta» 
ities with, 38, 59* 4i, 67, 71, 43, 61, 44, I5S, 193. «S, 47, 7i, 97, 
107, 217, 49, 127-1^ 257, 53, Mh 84, 113; warriors imprisoned in 
Canada, 45, 81, 46, 239, 243, 53, 241 ; villages destroyed by French, 
55, 322, 68, 27; negotiations for peace, i, 30, 37, 289, 297, 303, 33« 
125, 38, 191, 41, loi, 43, 307; surrender to French, 68, 27. 
Oneiochronons (Oneiocheronon, Oneiogouenronnon, Oneiotchronons, 
Oneioutchronnons, Oneouchoueronon), Huron appellation of Onei- 
das, 18, 233, 21, 201, j8, 225, 29, 147, 42, 75, 109, 251, 253, 255, 

259, 43, 59, 177. 44, 99» m, 3i5, 48. "9. 
Oneiout (Oneout), chief village of Oneidas, 49, 77, 81, 95, 257, 293» 

45, 85, 51, 294, S6, 175. 

Oneioutes, 43, 61, 45, 81. See Oneidas. 

Onendich, Huron medicine-man: Jesuits visit, 14, 49. 

Onendouerha, Huron convert: baptism, 13, 133. 

Onentisati, 10, 326. See Onnentisati. 

Oneronon, Huron-Iroquois tribe, 18, 235 ; identity, 260. 

Oneougiouré, 8, 300, 29, 29, 51, 53, 293. See Ossemenon. 

Ongmarahronon, misprint for Onguiarahronon, 18, 233, 260. 

Onguent blanc de Rhasès, an ointment, 49, 277, 51, 290. 

Onguiaahra, 8, 304, 21, 315, 33, 271. See Niagara, and Rivers : Ni- 
agara. 

Onguiaahra, Neutral village, 21, 209, 316. 

Onguiarahronon, Neutral tribe, 18, 233; location, 260. 

Onioen (Onionen), 37, 97, 41, 125, 51, 293. See Goiogouen. 

Onionenhronnons (Onioenhronnons, Oniouenhronon), Huron ap- 
pellation of Cayugas, 18, 233, 40, 163, 41, 73, loi, iii, 49, 149^ 

151- 
Onions, cultivated by Jesuits, 70, 55. 

Onioutcheronons (Oniwetchronons), 28, 275, 29, 145. See Oneidas. 

Onnatague (Onnanta^e), 41, 21, 63, 159. See Onnontagué. 

Onnedagens, 8, 299. See Onondagas. 

Onneiochronnons (Onneichronnons, Onneihronnons, Onneiocron- 
nons), 33, 65, I33, 37, "5, 40, 91, 161, 41, 67, 69, 73, lOi, HI, 
115, 47, 209, 48, 75, 93, 97, 49. i5i, 8i, 83. Sec also Oneioch- 
ronons, and Oneidas. 

Onneiout (Onneiote, Onneiou, Onneiouté, Onneoiout, Onneyout» On- 
nieouté, Ononîoté, Ononjote), chief village of Oneidas, 8, 300^ 40, 



IW JESUIT RELATIONS [taaaloat 

Onneiout (continued) — 

91, 161, 163, 41» 71, 431. 123, AA. 39, 111-117, 123» 47. 71. 91. 97. 
177. 197, 205, 217, 49, 131, 143, 151, 50, 137, 139. 205, 213, 217, 2IQ^ 
51, 81, 139. 147, 149, 213, 221, 237-241, 24s, 249, 5J, i8i, 53. 
245. 247. 54. 29, 41. 115. 55. 45. 56, 49^ 57. II3. 129. S^, 179. 199. 
201, 205, 59, 77. 277, 60, 175. 183, 61, 21, 165, 195. 219. 237, 6j, 
i8s, 233, 63, 151, 197. 64, 67, 69, 75, 79. 65, 27, 66, 187; location, 
51, 294; region described, 121; repeopled by Mohawks, J7, 
297-299, jS, 281-283; burned by its people, 51, 294. 

Onneiout, Iroquois name for Oneidas, 4a, 189, 191, 44, 125-129, 45, 
91-95, 101-103, 50, 59. 63, 167, 193, 209, 211, 51. 123. 125, 131, 147, 
237, 52, 145. 147. 153. 53. 47. 55. 213, 241-247, 251-253. 54. 47. "3, 
115, 56, 27, 31, 51, 58, 179. 181, 59, 241, 61, 57. 59. 6j, 95, 63, 
151, 155. 169, 197, 64, 67, 71-75, 93-95, loi, 103, 143, 65. 27, 66, 
187. 

Onneiouthronnons (Onneiotchronnons, Onneiouteronnons, Onnei- 
outchoueronons, Onneioutronons), Huron appellation of Oneidas, 
42, 95, 123. 43. 177, 263, 307, 44, 29-31, 155, 157. 191-195, 207, 213, 
225, 45. 89, 91. 207, 259, 46, 53, 47, 107, 51. "9. 143- 

Onnentakité, Joseph, Algonkin convert, 48, 55. 

Onnentisati, Huron village, 8, 139, 13, 13. 37. 39. 211, 227, 231, 243. 
259, 261, 14, 97; location, 8, 305, 10, 326, 34, 255; epidemic at, 
X3, 195. 14. 51; fine paid by its people, 13, 15-17; Jesuits at, 14. 
13. 23, 49. 55 — slandered at, 15, 25, 27. 

Onneyout (Onneyouez), 8, 299, 45, 270, 49, 127, 129, 50, 137, 57, 
115. See Oneidas, and Onneiout. 

Onnha'tetaionk, Jacques, Huron chief: returns to Quebec, 57, 63; 
piety, 58, 165. 

Onnhoudei, 37, 169. See Ondhweti. 

Onnieoute, 8, 300, 28, 281, 283. See Onneiout (village), and 
Oneidas. 

Onniont, serpent in Huron mythology: pieces of, used as charms, 
33, 213. 

Onnonaragon, an Indian, sent to Montreal, 64, 73. 

Onnondaetonnons, 8, 298. See Onondagas. 

Onnondagas (Onnondageoronons), 41, 245, 46, 155. See Onoo- 
dagas. 

Onnondage, 41, 245. See Onnontagué. 

Onnondatelen, a Huron : captured by Iroquois, 37, 93. 

Onnonhoaraton, Paul, Huron convert: burned to death by Iro- 
quois, 39. 199. 

Onnonhouaroia, 30, loi, 44, 31, 54, 41. See Ononharoia. 

Onnonkenritaoui (Onnonkenritewi), Seneca chief, 50, 199, 56, 61. 



I] INDEX IW 

Onnonrhagamis (Narra^uiaetts?), revolt against English, 60, 231. 

Onnontaé, principal Onondaga village, 3S, 183, 40, 165, 183, 41, 71, 
49» 103. IDS, 125, 135, 50, 205, 51» 83» Vf^ 249^ 351, 35s; origin of 
name, 44, 185; location, 51, 237; councils at, 33> ii9i 121, 133, 8X» 

a37. 
Onnontaeronnons (Onnontaehronnons, Onnonta[eronons), Huron 
appellation of Onondagas, 33, 65, 71, 133, 36, 123, 37, lOSt 38» 
179, 191, 19s 40^ 89, 117. 163, 167, 177, 191, «ft 41» 19-33. 55. 57r 

63. 69-7S 7ft 8i> 87. 91. "7. I9ft 217» 123» 4^. 93» ^57. 43. 9ft "S» 
laft 133-137» 141. 49. "5, 141, 143, 151, 177; origin of name, 

44. 185. 

Onnontaes, 8, 298. See Onondagas. 

Onnontagé (Onnontaghé), 41, 87, 99, 103, m, 117, 43. 125, 129. 
137. 14s. 151. 161, 167, 181, 183, 273-377. 381, 287, 291, 297, 29ft 
305» 313. 317. 44. 39, 33. 3ft 43. 69, 117. 48. 8ft See Onnontagué. 

Onnontagefaronnons (Onnontageronnons, Onnontagheronnons), 
Huron appellation of Onondagas, 42, 177, 43, lOft iii, 163, 167, 
177, 199, 203, 28s, 29ft 307, 44, 35. 69-75. 133, 48. 93, 307, 249^ 46, 
225-227, 231, 47. 147, 155, 191, 48, 8ft 49. "3. "5, SO, I97. 8«, 
"ft 135. 

Onnontagué, principal Onondaga village, 42, 179^ 205, 215, 44, 153- 
157, 161, 165, 173, 187, i8ft 203, 215, 217, 225, 3". 46, 37, 3ft S^ 
73. "ft 131, 231, 345, 47, ^* 81. 83, 91-95, 101-105, 49, 357. Si. 
243, 245. S3, 153-157, 161, 163, 171, 173, 17ft 181, 191, 83, 41, 47. 
153. 155. 353, 357, 84, 75, lOft "I, "5, "ft 369, 281, 86, 27, 3ft 
S7. 3ft 75. I3ft 137. 141. 171, 88, 175. 307, 89, 17^ 343. 345. 60, 17S. 
185, 387, 61, 21, 165-169, 223, 225, 237, 62, 55, 85, 105, 151, 325, 
231, 341, 349^ 64, 95, 103, 68, 25, 27, 63, 173, 66, 187; origin of 
name, 44. 185; location, 8, 299, 44, 47, sx, 394, 66, 187; region, 
described, s6, 49; tribes naturalized at, 43, 265; councils at, 42, 
185. 315, 83, 153. 84, 369-271 ; French colony at, 42, 295-396, 43, 
334. 44, 153-161, 333, 87, 317; fire at, 41, "9; burned by Onon- 
dagas, 81, 394, 68, 35; French build blockhouse (1711), 71, 381, 

Onnontaguehronnons (Onnontagueronnons), Huron appellation of 
Onondagas, 42, 107, 123, 181-185, 191, 213, 44, 151, 155, 165, 167, 
189-203, 207, 211, 215, 317, 315, 45, 35, 35ft 46, 53. 75. "i, 123. 
155. 345, 47, 71, 77. 95, 9ft 103, "i. "3. 49. 35ft 50, 37, I3S, S3. 
203. 

Onnontagttés (Onnontaghe), Iroquois name of Onondaga trib^ 83, 
155. S3, 55. 313. 317, 2ift 229b 331, 245, 347. 397, 84, 31. 47. I". 
86, 51, 57, 153, 175, %^. 311, 61, 187, 62, 7ft 95, 105, 63, 171, i8i, 

64. 33. 5ft 67, 73. 75, 83, 93, 143, 68, 39; rank in confederacy, 43. 
173- See Onnontagué. 



900 J ES UIT RELA TIONS 

Onnontannes, 64, JZ' See Onnontaes. 

Onnontaré, 54, 53. See Onontaré. 

Onnontio, 35, 165, 41, ift 23, 53, 59, 63, 71, log, in, 117, 4«, 39, 
S3, SS* 87-91, 95, lOi, 109, "9, 121, 185, 191, 43, lOft 173» ï8ft I9i, 
195, 201, 203, 207, 213, 269, 44, 21, 31, 121-129, 46, 117, 333, 239^ 
49, 227-231, 50, 183, 199, 205, 253, 51, 205, 215, 241, 243, 53> 41- 
49, 217, 227, 275, 54, 47, 115, 119, 263, 265, 55, 59, III, 56, 61, 175, 
179, 191, 57, 23, 64, 25, 31-37, 57-61. 67, 69, yy» 75. See Onontio. 

Onnontioga, tribe conquered by Iroquois, 54, 81 ; dwell with Sene» 
CM, 57, 193; need missionary, 54, 85; identity, 305. 

Onoiochronons, 8, 115, 117, 299. See Oneidas. 

Onondaëronnons, 29, 57. See Onondagas. 

Onondaga, N. Y. : mineral springs at, 43, 326; wampum belts at» 

8, 314, 71, 376. 
Onondaga Valley, N. Y., 8, 299. 

Onondagas (Onnedagens, Onnondaetonnons, Onnondages, Onnon- 
dageoronons. Onnondâbka, Onnontaebronnons, Onnontaeronnons, 
Onnontaes, Onnontagéhronnons, Onnontageronnons, Onnontaghe- 
ronnons, Onnontagués, Onnontaguehronnons, Onnontagueronnons, 
Onnontannes, Onondaëronnons, Onondageronons, Onontaehronons, 
Onontaeronon, Onontaerrhonons, Onontaheronons, Onontagehron- 
nons, Onontageronons, Onontagberronon, Onontagueronon), Iro- 
quois tribe, I, II, 30, 227, 257, 41, 21, 57, 63, 71, 87, 203, 223, 256- 
258, 64, 276, 71, 275; called "people of the mountain," 52, 153, 
262; location, 33, 65, 49, 257, 51, 294, 61, 165; country de- 
scribed, 86, 49 — routes to^ 29, 47; migrations, 8, 299; popula- 
tion, 45, 207, 49, 257; chief of Iroquois tribes, 53, 41 ; influence, 43, 
263; character, 47, 103, 64, 23; thieves, 43, 41; warlike, 44, 
151; treacherous, 41, 55-57, 44, i53, 165, 187, 191; villages, 8, 
299, 41, 255-256 — sites, 51, 293-295; villages destroyed by 
French, 55, 322; their lands sold, 8, 299; present reservation, 
81, 294. Raise tobacco, 10, 325; council names among, 41, 255; 
their opinion of salt, 256 ; sickness among, 44, 43 ; customs, 
71, 292; at feast of the dead, 83, 213; annual war and hunting 
expeditions, 84, ii7- 

Relations with other tribes: Algonkins — hostilities with, 29, 
153, 43, 35, 47, 65, 69; peace, 84, 47- Andastes — war with, 48, 77$ 
79, 80, 205, 83, 247, 84, III- Cajrugas — hostile to» 46, 181. Eries 
— war with, 41, 81, 42, 53, 57, 75, 97, 113, 121, 177-183. Horoiw — 
hostilities with, 23, 155, 29, 147-149, 33, "7, 36, 123, 37, 105, 41, 
55-57, 42, 75, 43, 35, 43, 47, 59-6i, 48, 249, 48, 91; negotiate for 
peace, 33, 71, 1 17-127; seek to enslave Hurons, 41, 19-23, 55-61, 
43, 39-41, 57, 199, 44, 165-167, 189; convey them to Onondaga, 43, 
51-53, 57-59, 191, 199-207, 44, 189-19Ï. minois — hostile to^ 62, 91- 



OMatasM] INDEX 201 

93. Iroquois (other tribes) — gifts to, 58, 211. Mascoutens — war 
with, 44, 249. Miamis — hostilities with, 6j, 79, 91-93. Mo- 
hawks — hostilities with, 33, 123, 41, 199, 217, 43, 109, 115, 129^ 
I37-I39p 181; embassy to, 58, 211. Montagnais — visit them at 
Sillery, 43, 35-37- Shawnees — war with, 47, 147-149. 

Relations with whites: Dutch— trade with, 44, 151, 53, 229. 
English — incite them against French, 64, 73, 143. French — em- 
bassies to, 40, 89-91. "7, 163-169, 177, 183, 191, 41, 19-23. 69-75. 
217, 42, 49-59, 99, 43, 37-39, 51, 57, 44, 3i5, 46, 225, 239, 47, 189, 
49, 143» 01, 341-251; Jogues gives presents to, 29, 57; chief saves 
French captive, 41, 71 ; Le Mo3me comes as envoy, 91 ; desire to 
have French dwell with them, 49, 201-203, 44, 149-151', ^sk for 
French soldiers, 49, 53; negotiate a peace, i, 30, 38, 179, 191, 195, 41, 
217, 4^, 257, 43, 277, 3071 French settle among, 41, 117, 256-257, 4^, 
33-35, 43» 95, 217, 43, "5, 127-185, 205, 44, 23, 47, 123, 215-217— wel- 
comed, 43, 157-163; hostilities with, 61, 67-69, 44, 215, 315, 45, 249, 
47, 71-73» 155» ^5, 25; trade with, 44, 151; French captives at On- 
ondaga, 46, 167, 181, 231-233, 239, 243-245. 47, ^, 73. 77-81, 97-101 
—tortured, 46, 237, 47, 175, 201 ; some, returned, 46, 155, 49, 177- 
179; plot ruin of French, 47, 103, 69, 157; French compelled to 
flee to Quebec, 44, 161, 217, 311-313, 47, I03, 61, 269; Onondagas 
profess friendship to, 47, 217; policy toward, 49, 257; French 
again at Onondaga, 57, 317. 
Onondagué, 30, 259. See Onnontagué. 
Ononelwaia, misprint for Ononkwaxa, 17, 65. 

Ononharoia (Honnonouaroria, Onnonhouaroia, Ononhwaroia, On- 
onhouaroia; *' feast of dreams "), Huron ceremonial feast, 42, 195, 
197; to cure sickness, JO, 29-31, 39, 23, 103, 30, loi, 34, 107, 55, 
61; described, 10, I75-I77, I7, 167-187, 23, 53, 4^* 155-169; prac- 
ticed by Algonkins, 20, 263; by Onondagas, 55, 61; source of 
disorders, 54, 41 ; myth of its origin, xo, 183. See also Dreams. 
Ononîoté (Ononjote), chief Oneida village, 27, 289, 297-299, 303, 

315, 29, 229-231, 30, 259. See also Onneiout. 
Ononkwaia, Pierre, Oneida chief: baptism, 17, 65; tortured to 

death by Hurons, 65-71 ; his courage, 65-73. 
Ononrouten, Charles, Huron convert: miraculously cured of 

blindness, 20, 23, 25; apostacy, 33. 
Onontagué (Onontaé, Onontage, Onontaghé), principal Onondaga 
village, 23, 155, 431, 61, 69, 73, 75. 81-85, 89, 91, 129, 257, 43. 27, 
31, 41, 49, 51, 55, 59-61, 65, 121, 143, 191, 199, 201, 320, 44, 95, "9. 
45, 85, 109. 215, 46, 181, 47, 157. 181, 185, 191, 193, 197, 201, 205, 
207, 213, 215, 48, 233. 62, 157; French at, 43, 35, 43. 47; their 
escape, 45, 189; conquered tribes naturalized at, 47, 193. 



202 JESUIT RELATIONS [OaoatagneroooM 

Onontagueronons (Onontaehronon, Onontaerrhonoos, Onnontaeron- 
nons, Onontaeronons, Onontagehronnons, OnontageronoOt OnOQ- 
tagherronon, Onontagueronons, Onontagués, Onontaheronons), 
«, "5, "7, 298. 13, 45, 1«, 233, ai«, 275, 293, «9, 145, 147, 153. 
41, 21 203, 4J, 31, 33, 49, 61, n^ 75» 43, 35-43, 47, 5i, 53. 
57-61, 69, 199, 201, 205, 207, 263, 44, 87, 89, 97, 109, III, 117, 45> 
85, 99, loi, 105, 109, 46, 167, 56, 175, 59, 277. See Onsonta- 
guehronnons. 

Onontaré (Onnontaré), Cayuga village, 71, 371; location, 51, 293. 

Onontchataronons, Huron appellation of Iroquets, 5, 289^ 31, 117, 
J4, 269, 29, 145, 147, 31, 279. 

Onontio (Onnontio), Huron-Iroquois appellation of governors, ai, 
39, 47-53, 61, j6, 65-69, 293, 27, 243-247, 253, 267, 273, 279, 281, 
285, 291, 295, 303, 28, 279-287, 291, 295-299, 315, «9, 53-57, 151, 
233, 31, 87, 32, 151, 35, 165, 36, 103, 143, 38, 287, 40, 165, 167, 
177, 183-187, 42, 257, 43, 43-47, 61, 44, 85-89, 97, 9ft 107, 197, 
199, 203, 207, 213, 215, 223, 231, 45, 83, 87, 89, loi, 103, 47, 77-81, 
50, 205, 253, 51, 241, 243, 62, 153, 165, 69, 163; meaning of term, 
26, 63, 61, 272; originally applied to Montmagny, ao, 221, 227, 
36, 63, 61, 272 ; also to Tracy, 49, 227-229, 50, 255 ; to king of 
Prance, 49, 225^231, 51, 245, 61, 251, 67, 77- 

Onouandousandik, Jacques, Iroquois convert, 60, 83; piety, 58, 153- 

155. 

Ontaanak, misprint for Outaouak, 33, 151. 

Onta^annaoche, renegade Huron: burned at Three Rivers, 38, 177. 

Ontagannahoché, Jacques, a Huron: piety, 58, 13^141. 

Ontarahronon, Huron-Iroquois tribe, 18, 235. 

Ontario (province), 10, 324; meaning of name, 38, 237, 40, 256; 
application, 256 i^see also Lakes : Ontario) ; aborigines, 18, 25ft jo. 
307, J3, 326; first papal document issued for church in, J7, facing 
106; Algoma district, 10, 322; atlas, 71, 363. Archaeology, 5, 
295-298; Indian remains — in Bruce county, so, 307; Elgin, Ji, 
317; Halton, 316; Lanark, 71, 264; Peel, ai, 317; Renfrew, x8, 
258; Simcoe, ao, 307 (see also the several towns) — Jesuit mis- 
sions in, 5, 295. Minister of education — Report, cited, 71, 264. 
266. 

Ontarisonke, an Iroquois: intemperate, 67, 67-69. 

Ontarraoura: animal in Huron folk-lore, 10, 177, 326; probable 
identity, 326. 

Ontetsan, Huron name for medicine-man, 17, 211, 213. 

Ontitarac, Huron chief: presides at council, 15, 39, 45, 47. 

Ontouagannhas (Ontoagannhas, Ontwagannhas), Iroquois appella- 
tion of Shawnees, 47, 316, 53, 49, 245, 56, 63, 59, 312, 61, 27, 
272; meaning of term, 47, 145, 61, 249-251, 272. 



] INDEX aos 

Oonchiarré, a Huron, 13, 243. 

Ooaendraka, 55, 249, 60, 83, loi. See Oendraka. 

Openangoes (Quoddy tribe), Algonquian tribe, 60, 217; in New 

Brunswick, 2, ag2. 
Opium, medicinally used, 49, 205, 50, 161, 327. 
Opossum ("tree-rat"; Didelphys Virginiana), 65, 263; found in 

Illinois, 73. 
Oquiaendis, Marie, Huron convert : cured by baptism, 8, 133. 
Oqui, B, 2S7' See Old. 

Orâcha, 32, 151, 35, 143. See Ouaracha, and Waracha. 
Oralcwi, a Huron: burned by Iroquois, 37, 93. 
Orange (Aurange), Dutch settlement on Hudson, 57, 29, 58, 179^ 

60, 133» 6a, I57f 165, 237, 243» 63, 179» 243. 64, 35» 59r 85, 95, 97. 
103, 143, 275. 66, 187; recaptured t^ Dutch, 57, 31. See also 
Ports : Orange. 

Orange (fruit) : cultivated in Louisiana, 69, 211 ; introduced there 
by Jesuits, 71, 381. 

Orange, prince of, commander of Dutch army, 55, 321. 

Orangeade^ 44, ^77- 

Orani, Ottawa chief: fights under Champlain, 5, 288. 

Oraouandindo, an Algonkin: kindness to Frenchmen, 13, 93; dies 
unrepentant, 14, 15. 

Orders, religious, as affected by Quebec Act, 71, 93, 392. 

Ordinance of 1667, regulates civil procedure in Canada, 71, 391. 

Oregon (state) : discovered by Drake, 3, 294 ; Indian tribes in, 
5, 285, 68, 332; boundary, 71, 339. See also New Albion. 

Oréouaché (Oréouahé), Cayuga chief, 6a, 231 ; maltreats Carheil, 
103-105, 229; sketch, 272. 

Organ, in Quebec church, 46, 163, 48, 229, 233. 

Orhand, , French priest: biographer of Carheil, 50, 326; Ad- 
mirable inconnuj cited, 326, 65, 259, 71, 240. 

Orignac (grignace, orignal, orignas), appellation of moose, q. v., 
J, 167, 298, 310. 

Orillia, Ont., 84, 5o6; Indian sites at, ao, 305. 

Oriol, 1 baron d': kindness to Jesuits, 70, 297-299. 

Orion, a constellation, 50, 73. 

Orlandini, Nicolas: Hist. Soc, Jesu, 71, 240. 

Orleans, France, 48, 221 ; road to Paris is bad, 44, 245 ; its prin- 
cipal church dedicated to cross, 31, 75; Carthusians at, 70, 299. 

Orleans, Cktston, due d' (" Monsieur") : portrait presented to Que- 
bec Jesuit, 29, 235. 

Orléans, Philippe, due d', regent of France, 67, 77, 335, 339, 340, 71, 

347. 



204 JESUIT RELA TIONS [OrlcttW 

Orléans, Marie Françoise de Bourbon, duchesse d', 67, 335; her 
gift to Illinois chief, 68, 213. 

Orliac, J. M. S. : Hist, Soc, Jesus, 71, 240. See also Daurignac 

Ormeville, d', canon at Chartres : letter, cited, 69, 71. 

Ormosia dasycarpa, "bead-tree", 64, afio. 

Ornaments: ecclesiastical, sent from Prance to Jesuits, 15, 159; of 
wampum, 8, 313. See also Indians: ornaments; and MatacJilas. 

Oro township, Ont, Indian sites in, jo, 305, 34, 356. 

Oronhiaguehre, Neutral appellation of Chaomonot: its significa- 
tion, 18, 41. See Teharonhiagannra. 

Oronton, a Huron: refuses baptism, 13, 141. 

Orphans: educated by Ursulines, at New Orleans, 68, 199-201, 
70, 243-245; farmed out in King's Domain, 69, 97. 

Orsainville, comte d'i title conferred upon Talon, 49, 275. 

Ortie (urtica, nettle), beads strung on its fibre, J7, 315. 

Orviétan, a medicine, 57, 165 ; described, 318. 

Orvieto^ Italy, 57, 318. 

Orvilliers, , d' (Dorviliers), 63, 271, 303. See Chord, F. 

O's, benedictions of the, 47, 295, 311. 

Osages, Siouan tribe, 5, 282; location and migrations, 64, 279-280. 
Illinois seek trade and alliance with, 64, 161, 169; compared with 
that tribe, 171. 

Osborne, A. C, journalist: writes on Huron missions, 5, 2p7; 
cited, 19, 271. 

Osborne, John H., has letter by Le Jeune, 71, 231. 

Oscotarach ("Fierce-head")» în Huron mjrthology, 10, 147. 

Oscouarahronon, Huron-Iroquois tribe, 18, 235. 

Oscouta, a Huron: handles fire with impunity, 14, 61-63. 

Oscouenrout, Huron chief, threatens Le Mercier, 19, 175. 

Oshkosh, Wis. : location, 54, 307. 

Osier: wood used for bows, 15, 245; for shields, 13, 27a. 

Osiris, Egyptian deity: genesis of legends about, la, 269. 

Oskennontonwa (Otindewan), a Huron; at Three Rivws, 37, 109. 

Oski, 57, 149, 155-157» 167. See Old. 

Osondach, a Huron: captured by Iroquois, 37, 93. 

Osprey, found in Canada, 6, 271. 

Ossaragué, fishery at, 29, 51. 

Ossemenon (Asserua, Oneougioure, Osserrion, Osserinon), Mo- 
hawk village: location, 8, 300, 29, 29, 293, 51, 295; councils 
held, 40, 147; Jogues slain at, 8, 301, 9» 314. »9. «93, 71, 142; 
Goupil slain, 145 ; Jogues tormented, 39, 187-191 ; Bressani, 67- 
71 ; visited by French envoys, 29, 51 ; by Jesuits, 45, 31, 54, in; 
Huron captives at, 43, 43, 49, 107. See also Agnié, Anié, Aurìes- 
vìììe. ; and cf. Caughnawaga. 



OtOMdui] INDEX 206 

Ossossané (Ososané; La Concq>tÌQa), principal village of Attigna- 
ouaotans, s, 292, 8, api, 307, 10, 326, 328» IJ, 113, 13, I49» i6ft 
181, 193, 211, 213, 223, 233» ^2tly 243, 251. 271, 15, 239. 16, 223, 
2Sft «9» 133» 219, 265, JO, 2i9r ai, 147, 157, 231, 285, 287, j6, 20s- 
207, 211, 29, 279, 287, 30, 31, 47, 75, 4«, 299; location. 5, 292» 
294, 34, 247, 251-253; view of ite site, 105, 247, 7», 217; popu- 
lation, 15, 153; importance, 14, 25; council held at, 33; dissen- 
sions with other villages, 17, 21; feast of dead at, 10, 291; epi- 
demics, 13, 165, 197, 213, 235, 19, 211; famine, 17, 119; witch 
slain, 14, 37; Wenrohronons settle there, 17, 27-29; its people in- 
vited to public games, 201; superstitious practices, 207; murder, 
19, %; Its warriors slain by Iroquois, 34, 133, 213, 217; named 
by French for La Rochelle. 253; relic found at site, 36, 246. 

Ossuaries, 8, 304, 305, 36, 246; discovered, 5, 278, 292, 293, 295- 
297; contents described, 39, 265; not always on village sites, 34* 
251. 

Ost, ^ marquise d\ aids Iroquois captive, 36, 41. 

Ostensorium, presented by Perrot to De Pere mission, 56, J03, 7', 
218; history and description, 66, 347; illustration, frontispiece. 

Oswego, 42, 295; Indians at, 69, 159; captured by French, 70, 311. 

Otachetak, François, Iroquois convert: piety, 60, 45-47. 

Otakrendoiae, name of Huron dance, 10, 207-209. 

Otarannhont, Oneida envpy, 45, 81. 

Otarawia, a Huron: burned by Iroquois, 37, 93. 

Otasseté, hereditary sachem of Oneidas, 64, 276; antiquity of name, 
91 ; name given to Milet, 91. 

Otay. See Outay. 

Otchiondi, a Huron: adopted by Iroquois, 44, 117. 

Oteiondi, Huron chief, 13, 61. 

O-tefi-tofi-nï'-â^ Onondaga deity, 10, 323. 

Otiandér. See Oyander. 

Otiasawatenons, western tribe : André with, 60, 203. 

Otiatannehengué (Otiatanhegué), Iroquois village: fisheries at, 
43, 145; Le Moyne at, 47, 71. 

Otiatonnety, Antoine, Huron convert: daughter escapes from Iro- 
quois, 33, 97. 

Otindevran. See Oskennontonwa. 

Otis, Charles P., translator, 71, 246. 

Otohenha, a Petun: captured \sf Onondagas, 42, 73. 

Otondiata (Otonniata), etymology and identification, 43» 296. See 
also Islands: Grenadier. 

Otontagonen, an Ottawa: at Quebec, 38, 181. 

Otouacha, Huron village: location, 34, 254; Giamplain at, $, 293. 
See also Toanché. 



206 JESUIT RELATIONS [OtiNioltl 

Ototiolti, Ignace, Indian convert: son brings news, 30, 175, 177; 

son captured, 195. 
Otourewati, Iroquois, brings news of Le Moyne, 47, 277. 
Otratenkoui, Jacques, a Huron: apostatizes, 60, 51-55. 
Otrawahe, a Huron: captured by Iroquois, 35, 59. 
Otreottti (Otrewa'ti), Onondaga chief: flees from French, 45, 89; 

imprisoned at Montreal, 47, 71 ; kills Le Maistre, 95. 
Otrihore, a Huron: captured by Iroquois, 35, 59. 
Otrihour^ Iroquoised Huron: accompanies Jogues, j8, 231. 
OUa, Huron name for variety of root, 34, 215. 
Otsatonkwi, a Huron : Abenakis bring back son of, jS, 205. 
Otsiaouens, Jacques, Huron captive: death of, 44, 35. 
Otsielca, an Indian: death, 36, 137. 
Otsindiakhon, Iroquois appellation of governor of New Holland, 

44* 125- 
Otsinnenko, an Algonkin: slain by Iroquois, 37, iii. 

Otsinonannhont, Barnabe, Huron chief: piety, 36, 307-313; 
preaches to Neutrals, 97, 23. 

Ottawa, 111., Starved Rock near, 59, 314. 

Ottawa, Ont, capital of Dominion, 8, 295, 22, 319, 93, 323, 4^1 
392, 43* 320, 45, 268, 46, 299, 47, 314, 48, 292, 49, 271, 50, 3^7, 
51, 285, 52, 259, 53, 302, 54, 304» 55, 318, 57, 307, 62, 273, 67* 
327, 329, 68, 335, 69, 280. See a/jo Libraries: Parliament (Ot- 
tawa); and Archives: Dominion (Ottawa). 

Ottawas (Outaeté, Outaoais, Outaouacks, Outaouacs, Ontaouaes, 
Outaouats, Outaouak, Outaouaks, Outaouan, Outaouas, Outa- 
ouates, Outaouats, Outaouax, Outaouc, Outaoues, Outaoukai, Ou- 
tawacs, Outawais, Outawak, Outawaks, Outawat, Outawats» Ou- 
touacs, Outouas, Outtawas; Cheveux-relevés: Pr.; Andatahou- 
ats, Ondatahouat, Ondataouaouat, Ondatauauat, Ondatawawat, 
Ondatouatandy : Huron), Algonquian tribe, 38, 296, 41, 249- 
252, 255, 46, 249, 49, 215, 54, 305, 57, 319; origin and meaning 
of name, 14, 285, 41, 77; extension of term, 14, 285, 51, 21, 55, 
207. 
Location: about upper lakes, i, 10, 45, 270, 49, 241, 51, 21, 55, 

143; early, 14, 286; in 1640, 18, 231; in 1648, 33, 151, 271; on 

Manitoulxn (Ekaentouton) Island, 14, 286» 18, 231, 38, 235, 55, 133, 

143, 171; near Bay St Esprit, 50, 301, 52, 199, 54, 151, ift^, 55, 

97* 133; established at St Ignace (1670), i, 34; rendezvous at 

Montreal, 56, 43; at Detroit 69, 193, 300. 
Population: tribes or clans, 33> 271, 51, 21, 259, 52, 205, 262, 54* 

171, 62, 193 ; population and villages, 49, 241 ; devastated by war, 

241. 



Ottawas] INDEX 207 

JLanguage: Algonquian, 51, 21 ; Jesuits study and speak, 54, 17U 
67» ^39; André compiles dictionary, 57, 318. 

Tritai characteristics, etc.: sedentary, 14, 285; industry, 285; en- 
terprise, 285; domestic neatness, 285; practice polygamy, 48, 117, 127, 
51, 21; licentiousness, 48, 125-127, 267-269, 50, 291, 299-301, 51, 21, 
63, 201; idolatrous, 51, 21; barbarism, 259, 5a, 199; dissimu- 
lation» 203; obstinacy, 203-205; superstitious, 54, 173, 67, 153- 
155; cannibals, 69, 299, 70, 125-127; ferodty, 127-129; un- 
usual stature of modem, 14, 286. Social and economic con- 
ditions — manner of living, 50, 177, 51, 71, 54, 131, 153, 167; 
practice agriculture, 163; have no game, 50, 177; method of hair- 
dressings 55, 217. Medicine and remedies, 50, 291-295; treatment 
of dead, 67, I55-I57. Legend of origin, 67, I53-I57- Religion — 33, 
«7, 39. 15, 49, 241-243. 50, 285-291, 55» 213, 67, i59-i6i ; attitude 
toward Christianity, 54, i;3. Use gunpowder, 50, 259; claim St. 
Lawrence, 51, 21 ; histories of, 14, 286, 71, 290. 

Relations with other tribes: trade with western tribes, 15, 248. 
Hurons with, 42, 235; trade with, 48, 133; influence vpon, 69, 
285. Illinois, trade with, 54, 191. lowas receive, 60, 321. Iro- 
quois — hostilities with, J3, 327, 38, 181, 41, 79, 4a, 229-233, 44. 
205, 48, 75-77. 49. 241, 50, 21, 52, 197. 53, 247» 255. 60, 321 ; peace 
with, 5a, 197, 203, 54, 253. 57, 203 ; peace conferences, 53. 247, 64, 
25-29. Mascoutens, hostilities with, 5, 280, 14, 285. Miamis, cap- 
ture village of, 69, 299. Neutrals, allied with, 14, 285. Sioux — 
driven from Bay St. Esprit by, i, 34, 55, 133; hostilities with, 49» 
241, 50, 279, 56, 115-117, 57, 203, 221-223, 60, 203. 

Relations with whites: (a) French — allied with, 5, 288, 60, 31^, 

62, 81, 63, 303, 66, 193, 70, 113-117, 121; make restitution to, for 
theft, 14, loi; deliver captives to, 4a, 109; at French settlements, 
18, 257, 4a, 219-223, 235, 44. "I, 4^ "7, 237, 277, 49. 163, 54^ 
127, 6a, 253, 64, 25-29; return from Quebec, 4a, 225-233; French 
with, 14, 285, 4a, 219, 225, 45, 163, 47, 307. 48, 257, 263, 50, 249, 
253-255, 267; return from Ottawas, 48, 117; Talon overawes, 54, 
255; French take possession of country (1670), 55, 95-97, 105-115, 
320; presents to^ 66, 51; French surrender captive to, 340; bearers 
of letters for, 69, 181. Fur trade, i, 32, 41, 77, 4a, 219, 225-227, 
44, III, 45, 161-163, 46, 119. 47. 307, 48, 117. 237, 277, 49» 163, 241, 
307. 50, 249. 51. 21, 263-265, 52, 201-203, 53, 41, 55, 320, 56, 43. 57, 
209, 6a, 253, 63, 271, 281-283, 64, 35. Send eny<^ to Jesuits, 14, 
99-103; desire Jesuits, 55, 133; Jesuits with, and mission to, i, 32- 
35, 221, 237, 23, 327, 48, 257-277. 49. 161, 52, 199-213. 54. 124-147, 
251, 55. 95-225, 56, 91-147. 59. 306, 308^ 60, 129, 147. à^f 191-21S, 

63, 302, 66, 207, 215; baptisms among, 50, 213. (fi) Dutch, fur 



JESUIT RELA TIONS [Ott0» 

Ottawas : Relations with whites (continued) — 

trade with, 63, 281, 293. (r) English — far trade with, 61, 207; 

capture, at Pickawillamy, 69, 299. 

Ottens, Reiner: Atlas major, 71, 364. 

Otters: at Isle Bouchard, 48, 167; in Saguenay district, 56, 155; 
season for hunting, 3, 79; Indian kills, 33, 37; Eskimos tue as 
food, 45, 67; in Indian folk-lore, 5, 155, 6, 159^ 67, 153. Skins — 
barter in, 3, 69; black, 4, 207; as presents, 23» su* 86, 197; 
robes oi, 31» ^3> 221; gift to Quebec parish church, 42, 283; 
used for pouch, 44, 295; Indians use, 57, 245. Trade in, 4, 113, 
207, 69, III; trading company reserves right of trade in, 9, 171; 
English buy, on Ohio, 69, 171; shipped to Montreal, 761, 70, 49; 
prices, 69, 127. 

Ou, sound represented l^ "8", 67, 143; why missionaries adopt 
this character, 143. 

Ouabache, 70, 235. See Rivers: Wabash. 

Ouabakonachits, Antoine, Attikamègue convert: piety, 24, 77-79. 

Ouafaankikoué, Marguerite, Miami convert: marriage, 69, 306. 

Ouabask: name of a mountain, 32, 279; of an Indian woman, 279. 

Onabistiteootté, Antoinette, Montagnais convert, 41, 195. 

Ouabenakiouek, Montagnais appellation of Etechemins, 12, 275. 

Ouaboukima, Algonkin convert: piety, 49, 97-101. 

Ouachaskesouek, Algonquian tribe: location, 33, 151. 

Ouachegami, Algonquian tribe: location, 18, 229. 

Ouachil Tamail ("the sun woman"), female chief of Matches, 65, 

143-145. 
Ouagoussak, 58, 41 ; meaning of term, 203. See also Poxes and Ou- 

tagamis. 
Ouahich, manitou or charm, 22, 317-318. See also Charms, Manitou, 

and Oki. 
Ouakwiechiwek, Algonquian tribe: location, 45, 233; conquered fay 

Iroquois, 233. 
Ouambinourtté, Abenaki convert: piety, 62, 131. 
Ouandagareau, Ignace, Souriquois convert : baptism, 30, 137 ; peace 

envoy, 139, 141. 
Ouanda Koca, Huron chief and orator, 12, 57. 
Ouannonhwe, Catherine, Indian convert: pious death, 63* 237. 
Ouant Chipouanes: meaning of term, 68, 239^ 251; identity, 332; 

mission to, projected, 237-239, 249. 
Ouaouechkaîrini (Ouaouechkairiniouek, Ouesdiarini), Algonquian 

appellation of Petite Nation, q. v., 8, 291, 18, 229, 258^ 44, 251. 
Ouaouënouroué, Nicolas, Abenaki chief, 69, 73. 
Ouaouiatanoukak (Ouaouiatanouk ; Ouiatonons ? ), Algonquian 

tribe: location, 58, 23, 41. See Ouiatonons. 



] INDEX M» 

Ouaracha. See Waracha. 

Ouaronba, Marie Thérèse, Huron convert: charîtyi 58, 153. 

Otarie, Huron pronunciation of Marie, 31, 181. 

Ouasibiskoanesout, François, Algonkin child: baptized, 11, 91-93. 

Ouasaouanik, Algonquian tribe, 44, 251. 

Ouasouarìni, Algonquian tribe: location, 18, 229. 

Ouassatinoun (Ouassatinom^), appellation of village and tribe in 
Green Bay mission : etymology of term, 58, 298 : Pottawattomies 
to assemble at, 57, 295, 58, 298; Jesuits with, 283; leave for 
Cape Illinois, 289. 

Ouatit, a dog: killed while hunting, 14, 35. 

Oubestamiouek, Montagnais tribe: locati<»i, 24, 155, 311. 

Ouchaouanag, Mascouten tribe, 33, 151. See Shawnees. 

Oucheskouetou, an Algonkin: goes to Sillery, 14, 275. 

Ouchessigiriniouek, 53, 87. See Ouchestigouetch. 

Ouchestigouetch (Ouchessigiriniouek, Ouchestigouek, Ouchestigou- 
eks, Ouchestigouets, Ouchestiguetch, Ouchestigueti, Oukesestigou- 
ek ? ), Montagnais tribe: location, 49, 61-63, 273; rendezvous at 
Lake St Barnabe, 50, 29; language, words and phrases, 49, 63-67; 
disposition, 53, 89; not polygamous, 89; manner of living, 89; 
Jesuits with, 49> 67-73, 53, ^^-93- 

Ouechinkinaganich, Iroquet convert: baptism and pious death, 31, 

283-285. 

Ouemichtigouchiou, Montagnais name for French, 5, 121; applica- 
tion of term, 121. 

Ouemichtigouchiou iskoueou, Marie Magdalene, Algonkin child: 
baptized, 11, 133. 

Ouendat, 18, 233; appellation of Huron confederacy, 5, 278^ iS, 
260. See Attignaouantans, Hurons, Ochatequins, and Wyandota. 

Ouendité, Jeanne, Huron girl : pious death, 5a, 229. 

Ouendraka, Marie, Huron convert: charity, 58, 133; offers cabia 
for oratory, 149; cured of illness, 161. 

Ouenibigouc, 58, 41. See Winnebagoes. 

Ouenrio, 8, 296, 13, 207, 227, 247, 14, 13, 23, 33, 105, 57, 197. See 
Wenrio. 

Oueperigoueiaouek, Montagnais tribe, 24, 155; location, 311. 

Oueratchenon, Jean, Attikamègue convert : baptism, 24, 79-81 ; pi- 
ety, 81-83. 

Ottchesarini, 5, 291. See Petite Nation. 

Ouestatinong, Indian village on Green Bay, 54, 207. 

Ouetamourat, Paul, Attikamègue convert: piety, a6, 93-95. 

Ouetata Samakheou, Anne, an Algonkin: conversion and death, 7, 
289-295. 



no JESUIT RELATIONS [OueUtaskoiuunloa 

Ouetataskouamiou, Algonquian village, 56, 181. 

Oiiiatanons (Ouiatanon), Algonquian tnbe: English appelladont 

58, 293; location, 293; allied to Miamis, 293; Detroit convenient 

to» 69, 193; history, 71, 319. See also Oua-Ouiatanoukak aiid 

Weas. 
Ouichcatchan, a bird : superstition regarding, 6, 219-aax. 
Ouinipigou (Ouinibigouc, Ouinipegouans, Ouinipegong, Ouinipe- 

gouc, Ouinipegouk), appellation of Siouan tribe, Winnebagos, 15, 

M7f S3, i57f 54> I33-I35> 205, 58, 41, 67i 161 ; origin and meaning 

of name, 18, 231, 33, 151. See also Gens du mer. Cens Puants, 

Stinkards, Winnebagoes, and Winnipegs. 
Ouinipeg: origin and meaning of term, 18, 231, 45, 219; Indians 

thus call sea, 18, 231, 45, 219. See also Winnipeg. 
Ouiogweronons, 8, 298. See Cayugas. 
Ouioenrhonons, 8, 115, 117, 298. See Cayugas. 
Ouionenronnons, 33, 65, 119, 133. See Cayugas. 
Ouisaketchak ("the great hare")> legend concerning, 54, 201. 
Ouiskoupi, Papinachois chief : baptism, 49, 55 ; piety, 57. 
Ouispes (Ounspik, Oussipés), southern tribe: location, 65, 129; 

language, 129; mission to, 129; French with, 267. 
Ouitapimoueou, Algonkin woman: son baptized, 6, 127. 
Oukesestigouek, Montagnais tribe, 24, 155; location, 311; probable 

identity, 49, 273. See also Ouchestigouetch and Outchisestigou. 
Oukhahitoua, François, Huron convert: pious death, 8, 139. 
Oukiskimanitouk, Algonquian tribe, 44, 251. 

Oukiwichunoukwe, Marie, Indian convert : pious death, 25, 205-207. 
Oukotoemis, Algonquian tribe: probable identification, ao, 310; at 

Three Rivers, 259. See Kotakouemis. 
Oukoutaskweou, a Montagnais: baptized, 59, 63, 
Oukwe, Jerome, Indian lad: baptism, 20, 309. 
Oumacouminetz, Indian tribe (?), 54, 237. 
Oumalouminek (Oumaloumines, Oumalouminik), Algonquian tribe, 

54, 205, 235, SB, 103, 58, 41, 62, 205. See Menomonees. 
Oumamanradok, Abenaki chief: welcomes Druillettes, 37, 249; 

praised by him, 38, 33. 
Oumami (Oumamik, Oumamis), Algonquian tribe, 44, 247, 324, 54, 

207, 227, 58, 103, 185, 201, 58, 293. See Miamis. 
Oumami wek (Oumamiois, Oumamiouek, Otmiamiwas, Oumami we- 

khi, Oumami wetch, Oumaniwek), Algonquian appellation of Ber- 

siamites, i, 15, 8, 291, 18, 258, ai, 117, 38i «75» 36, 127, 225, 37, 

223, 47, 61, 49, 67, 273, 50, 29, 191. 53, 87, 89, 59, 49, SI, S7, 59- 

See Bersiamites. 
Oumas, French habitation : Jesuits at, 67, 297 ; Yazoos at, 68, 173 ; 

party from, fight with Natches, 221. 



OnreJ INDEX 211 

Oomasasikwete (Oumosotiscouchie), Joseph, d%t La Grenouille» Al- 
gonkm chief: baptized, 94, 231-233, 31, 290; marriage, 24, 233; 
instructed, 237; 1yd assigned to, 241; apostacy and death, 31, 
261-267. 

Oumastikoueian (Oumasatikeie, Oumasatikweie), Joseph, ait Le Cra- 
paud, Algonkin chief: allied to Island Algonkins, u, 247; aa 
apostate, 277, 90, 261-285 ; slanders French, ai, 71-73. 

Oumastikoueiau (Oumasaticoueie), dit La Grenouille. Set La Gren- 
ouille. 

Oumenabano^ Pierre, Algonkin convert: piety, 25, 129-131. 

Oumiamis, i, 318, 62, 71, 73. 9i. 95» iSL I5S, i93, 64, 15g, 65» 107, 66, 
245. See Miamis and Oumami. 

Oumisagai, 18, 231, 259. See Mississaguas. 

Oumiscimau, Anne, Montagnais convert: baptized, 59, 61. 

Ounatchiganikwe, Françoise, Algonkin girl : at hospital, 20, 247. 

Otmachkapiouek, Montagnais tribe, ^4, 155; location, 311. 

Ounatchataronons, Huron appellation of Algonquian tribe, 20, 259. 
See Iroquets. 

Ounichtagan, Algonquian village and trading post : Indians from, at 
Tadoussac and Chicoutimi, 69, 109; fur trade at, 117. 

Ounneiout, 61, 165. See Oneidas. 

Oimountchatarounongak, Algonquian appellation of Iroquets, 44, 
251. See Iroquets. 

Ounspik (Ouispes, q. v.), 65, 129, 267. 

Ountchatarounounga, 18, 229. See Iroquets. 

Ouogouens, 60, 173. See Cayugas. 

Onpapinachiouek (Oupapinachiwek, Oupapinachiwekhi, Otqiapinach- 
iwi), Algonquian appellation of Papinachois, 21, 117, 24, 155, 35, 
^5» 89i 63. See Papinachois. 

Oupassewigan, Jacques, Attikamegue lad : baptism and pious death, 
16, 71, 73. 

Ouperigoue ouaouakhi, Montagnais tribe: location, 8, 41. 

Oupitabanoukwe^ Anne, Algonkin girl: at hospital, 20, 245. 

Oupouteouatamik (Oupoutesatamis), 44, 245, 247, 46, 143. See 
Pottawattomies. 

Ouracha. See Waracha. 

Ouragan, dish of bark, 5, 97, 6, 267-289, 65, 43-47. 

Ouramanadé, Abenaki convert: piety, 6a, 127. 

Ouramanichek, Algonquian tribe : at Three Rivers, 26, 91-93. 

Ouramenambe, Estienne, Abenaki convert : wife of, 62, 135. 

Ouraouakmikoug. Algonquian tribe, 44, 251. 

Ourasera, Seneca name for Julien Gamier, 55, 83. 

Oure, René. See Jesuits : donnés. 



212 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Outm 

Ouron, DenySi sponsor in baptism, 59, 61. 

Ouroutiuoucoueu, Mane, Algonkin convert: baptized* 6, 135. 

Ousaki (Ottsakiouek, Oussaki, Oussakis), Algonquian tribe, 50, 
309» 51. 43-45. 54, 205, 55, 103, 183, 57, 277, 58, 289, 6j, 151. Ste 
Sacs. 

Ousitteoui, Arkansas tribe: village, 65, 125. 

Ouskan ("the bone")» Mataouiriou chief: Albanel instructs, 56, 
165-167; death, 63, 249. 

Oussakita, manitou of animals, 67, 159. 

Oussouamigoung, Indian station in Green Bay district: meaning 
of term, 57, 319; mission at, 291-295. See also Rivers: Suamico. 

Ousti'wanich, J. B., Tadoussac chief, 65, 49. 

Outabitibecs (Outabitibek, Outabitibeux), northern tribe: hostili- 
ties with Iroquois, 45, 233, 59, 39-41 ; Jesuits with, 99, 39, 60, 245f 
249, 61, 87. 

Outaek, 45, 163. See Ottawas. 

Outaerohi, Huron ceremony, 17, 171, 207. See also AoutaerohL 

Outaeté, a Nipissing : carries Jesuit letters to Quebec, 14, 37. 

Outagamies (Outagami, Outagamiouek, Outagamis, Outagemy), 
Algonquian tribe, i, 318, 44» 324. SO, 289, 51. 43. 54* I93# »5, 
207, 215, 219-223, 306, 308, 55> 103, 185, 219, 56, I29b 57f 301, 58, 
43> 45. 49» 53> 63, 67, 269, 293* 59* 221, 225, 227, 233> a35» 6a, 149^ 
199, 61, 73f 149» 15s, 6j, 185, 193, 205, 67, 161, 70, 245; villages, 
71, 288. See also Poxes. 

Outagoumois, 18, 257. See Outakw'amiwek. 

Outagwainou, Jean, Algonkin chief: defeated by Iroquois, 35, 219^ 
221. 

Outakw'amiwek (Outakouamiouek, Outakwamiwek), northern tribe: 
location, 18, 115, 257, 24, 311, 35, 281; trade with other tribes, 
18, 115; faith preached to, 94, 155. 

Outaouacs (Outaoais, Outaois, Outaois, Outaouacks, Outaouaes, 
Outaouais, Outaouak, Outaouaki, Outaouaks, Outaouan, Outaouas, 
Outaouates, Outaouats, Outaouc, Outaoues), Algonquian tribes 
ii 318, 9, 31Q» 14. 286, 38, 181, 42, 219» 225, 235* 44> 
205, 237, 45, 270, 46, 217, 48, 75, 115, "7, 123, 133, I43t 
145, 257, 263, 275, 277, 49, 109, 241, 247-253. 50, 61, 249. 259. 275. 
279, 285, 51. 21, 27, 71, 175, 209, 213, 267, 52, 195, 199, 203, 53, 
45-49, 55. 245, 247, 255, 257, 54, 47. 7h 125, 127, i37, I5i, 163, 
167-175, 187, 191. 251-255, 263, 55, 33, 35, 56, 4^ 91, 99, 109, "5. 
"7, 175, 57, 25, 203, 58, 93, 255, 257, 59, 69, 87, i97, 205, 217, 
60, 49, 129, 131, 147, 149, 163, 197, 61, 69, 73. 93-97, lOi, 123, 129^ 
131, 135, 151, 157, 270, 6a, 81, i6ft 185, 191-195, 215, 253, 63, 161, 
271, 281, 283, 289, 293, 64, 27, 65, 53, 187. 66, 51, 193, 207, 215, 



OntnelMii] INDEX 21S 

67, 153, 157» 161, «39, 68, 285, 69, 79» 181» 193, 70, 113-117. S9€ 
Cheyeux-Rélevéz, and Ottawas. 

Outaonakamigouek, location, 33, 149. See also Ottawas. 

Ontaoïiasîttagouc (Outaouastnagatix, Outaouasinagous, Otitaouuin- 
agoac, Ootouasiiiagouek), Ottawa dan, fi, ai, 58, ^69; loca- 
tion, SBf 151 ; at Green Bay mission, 57, 251, 58, 41 ; at Maddnac, 
87f 249-251 ; attitude toward Christianity, 251. See also Stnagaax. 

Ontaotian, Algonkin orator, 7, 297. 

Ontaonkotwemiwek, Algonquian tribe: language, 18, 258; 35» 259; 
Algonkins trade with, 239. See also Katakoutouemi. 

Otitarahon, a Huron : harangues Indians, 35, 49. 

Outarde, etymology, 17, 243. See Bustard and Goose, wild. 

Outastak'wanOk Gisles, Tadoussac convert, 63, 457. 

Otttawats (Outawac, Outawacs, Outawais, Outawak; Ootawat, Ou- 
tawats), JJ, 317, 44, i", 45, 105, 161, 163, 46, 119, 47, 307, 4* 
237, 49, 161, 163, 50, 177, 213, 51, 139» 149, 60, 215, 63, 159^ aoi, 
65, 57. See Cheveux-Relevés and Ottawas. 

Ontay (Otay), Huron name for black squirrel, 17, 165, 243. 

Outchaoona, Joseph, Montagnais convert: baptized, 59, 61. 

Outchibahabanoukoueou, Algonkin woman, 11, 91. 

Outchibous (Outchibouec), Algonquian tribe: location, 54, 133; aft 
SauH Ste. iiarie, 133; unite with other tribes, 18, aS9b 84, I33; 
mission to^ 51, 61. See also Ojibwas and Sauteurs. 

Outchisestigou, Montagnais tribe, 59, 61. See also Ouchestigouetdi 
and Oukesestigouek. 

Outchottgat, Algonquian tribe: location, 18, 229. 

Outenen (Outennen), Anne, Huron convert: piety, 23, 121-123; 29^ 
269-271. 

Outimagami, Algonquian tribe : location, 18, 229. 

Outiskouagami ('Mong-haired people"), of Algonquian stock: com- 
prise several tribes, 55, 149; location, 149. 

Outitchakouk, Algonquian tribe, 44, 247. See Poxes and Outaga- 
mies. 

Outouacs (Outouas), $$, 95, 97, 101-IQ5, 133, 143, iS5, iSft 171, »1» 
207, 213, 217, 70, 245. See Cheveux-Relevés and Ottawas. 

Outouagannha, misprint for Ontoagannha, 58, 75. See Shawnees. 

Outouré, Pierre, Petun convert: ddivered from Iroquois, 35, 171. 

Outrdeau (Doutrdeau), Etienne d', Jesuit, 71, 135; arrival awaited 
in New Orleans, 67, 277; arrives in Louisiana (1727), 342; 71, 
169^ (Canada, error for Louisiana) 72, 19; assigned to minois 
mission, 67, 342; at fort on Wabash (1728), 342; Yazooe attad^ 
I, 37, M, 175-133, 70, 249; with French army, 68, 183; at New 
Orleans, 67, 34^, 68, 183-185, 70, 243; returns to France (l74S 
1747), 67, 34a, 71, 169; sketch, 67, 34a, 71, 169. 



214 JESUIT RELATIONS f 

Ontsitsont, Huron name for Bécancourt, 43, 251. 

Outtawàs, 69, 129. See Ottawas. 

Outurbi, noftliem Algonqtdan tribe: location, 18, 299. 

Ov«n : at Jesuit residence, Quebec, 97, 8s ; >t Sillery, at^ ^^ 047. 

Orenibigouu <Ovenibtfoac), Siotun tribe, g4, 133, a»$, 23^. See 
Ouimpigou (Mk/ Winnebagoes. 

Qrerooat, made from blanket, 70, 308. 

Oviedo y Valdés, Gonzalo Fernandez de, cited, 11, 275. 

Ovis fÊtriet, Ste Ram, wild. 

Owen Sound, Ont, Ottawas at, 14, 266. 

Owls, IO, 165; in Louisiana, 67, 303; voices of Osnidian species, 
6, 165 ; in Huron folk-lore, 10, 177, 326 ; screech, cms of, flHgfat- 
call of Iroquois, 32, 31; medicine-men invoke, 60, s8|r; stuffed, 
Natches worship, M, 125. 

Ok Nation (Nation du Bœuf), Siouan tribe: origin of name, 47, 
316 ; sedentary, 45, 163 ; Iroquois hostile to, 47, 149 ; captive am- 
ong Iroquois, 195. See also Sioux. 

Oxen: domestic, 43, 55, 62, 169, 66, i» 69. 8p-9i, 7»# S3* ^. 
Name given to buffalo, $w, 43* Sh 8^ to7* 61, 14Q» ^* 75» 105, 
135, 161, 66, 225-227, 231-233, 237, 271, 2S7, 293, 67. lift M» 145. 
Skins — shoes made from, 58, 107; Indians use, 89» ifSf'ém, 803. 
Pur, sent to Prance, 64, 137-139. See also Bu£Uo and CatUe. 

Oxenstiem (Oxenstjerna), Axel, count, Swedish statesman» 8» 306. 

Oyander (Agoiandères, Oiander, Otiandér, Oyanders), It«|tims ti- 
tle^ held by women: derivation and significance, 84, $^l import- 
ance, 281-283, 5i, 265; functions oi, 8^ i9S» 64, 81, boi; dis- 
missal from, 84, 281-283; speaks at council, 88, a^S- 

O-yen-kwa hon-we, Iroquois name for NicoHama rustica. Mm, 325. 
5*^^ also Tobacco. 

Oyo ("beautiful river"), 70, 91. See Rivers: Ohio. 

Oysters: taken at low tide, 68, 93; fisheries, Indians snbdit hf, 
j8. III. Shells — Dutch make lime of, 28, iii; Indiana use in 
tortures, 31, 45- 

P, sound unknown in Huron language, 10, 117, 15, 157 
Paatlako, Chalita chief, 68, 195 ; fights against Natches» 197. 
Pacaud, Antoine, Montreal merchant, 66, 63; marriage, 340. 
Pachirini (Pachirigny), Algonkin chief: baptized, 24, 263; lands 

given to, 71, 89. 
Packar4 Alpheus S.: "Esquimaux," 71, 289. Labrador Coast, 

cited, 8, ^ 71, 341. 

PiMquinct, , Prench ship-captain, go, 209. 

Paddles, 10, 221, 69, 271 ; made by men, 38, 257. See also Canoes. 



PaÊMél INDEX 215 

FïuUbr (Ptidts), William, Plymouth merchant» 36, 91, 242; in Ken- 
nebec trade, 242: entertains Drtiillettes, 91. 

Padocah, Ky., origin of name, 68, 329. 

Paducaa (Padoucas), Shoshonean tribe, slaves among lUtnois, 61^ 
205; history, 329. 

Paducas Poric, appellation of north branch of Platte River, j6S, 329. 

P^gamptagwe, 36, loi; Indian name for site of DeerfieM, Uast^ 
243. S00 Poconq>tuk. 

Ft^e^ ' (/'aM), dealings with Detroit missioo, 70, 39. 

Pageao, Valaatin, with Massé» 3* 237. 

Pagetz, , sieur, owns ship, 37, 117. 

Pagninus, Sanctes, Bibla veieris, 71, 366. 

Pagouitik (Pahouitingwach Irini), dweU at Sault Ste. Marie, 
44» ^Sh 54» 153- See Baouichtigouian, Ojibwas, gnd Santenrs. 

Paillé, Madeleine, marriage, 69, 309. 

Paille Coupée, Pa^ Céloron's eaq^edition at, 69, 163-167; locatîoii, 
296. 

Fmm béwii ("consecrated bread"), 37, 31; described, 27» 314-3XS; 
how offered, 50, 323; distribution, 27, 1x3, 119^ 37, 265; presented 
by Indians, 63» 33; collection for, 70, 41. 

Pmm de bçugie, described, 47» 3I9- 

Paint, red, used on a canoe, 37, 35. See also Indians: ornaments. 

Pairien, Jacques: his quarrel and fight with Le Blanc, 2S, 167. 

Paisans, les, Iroquois raid at, 37» 105. 

Palairel, Jean: Aiias méthodique, 71, 3S4. 

Palestine, conquered by Turks, iS, 256. 

Palfrey, John C American historian: New Bt^gUmd, dted, 36^ 
239^ 244» 60, 319^ 71» 314. 

Palican, Chilean ball-game, 10, 327. 

Pdisades (fortifications), 19» 271, 34» 127» IJ3> ai5» 3SP» aS5» 38» 
27» 39» ^49, 41» III» 47» 75» 54» ^5» if» SXk 63» 279» 287» 67* 233; 
described» 34» 193-1^5» 3^, 247» 4>» 181» 47* 93» 4^» ^TS); triple^ 30, 
145; Jcakd by counter-palisade, 43, 209. Where used: Around 
Indian villages, ao, 33. 22, 305.. 23, 57» 3I7» 25. 30, 117» 4*» î4S» 
50, 39-41» 52, 129, I3> 137-139» 157» 58» 79» 199-201, 56, 37» 5*^ 
187, 61, 2S3; in ten^iorary fortifications, 2Z, 47, 49, 245; about 
graves of dead, 43» 279; around Natches teno^^le» 6S, 123-125; 
Jesuit residences and missions deeded ìjty, 19, 270^ 30, I79^ 35» 
27» 47» 5B1, 57» ^aoft 63» 245; around cross, 6z, 141; around 
French settlements and forts, 22, 277» 27, 227, 34, 21, 45» 253-^55» 
49, 141, 69» 157» i8ft 70b 306. 

Pyistakau» 5<^» 304^ See Paslistaskan. 

Pftlla (ehaUoe-oover), 42» 273. 

FUloltQ, , cardinal, reUgioos zeal» i€i 37. 



21« JESUIT RELATIONS [Ma-tiw 

Palm-tree: young shoots, used in medicine, 49, 277; leaves as 
thatch for roof, 65, 161. 

Pftlmer, Harry C. (ed.) : Athletic Sports, cited, 71, 354, 355. 

Palmer, Peter S.: Hist. Z. Champlam, cited, i, 319^ 71, 308L 

Palmetto {Sabai Palmetto), 47, 316; described by Indians» 145. 

Palourdes, a kind of shellfish, z, 69^ 309. 

Paltsits, Victor Hugo, bibliographical adviser for this series, 6-19» 
V of each volume, S0-7J, $ of each volume — also, 6, 4; aid from, 
acknowledged, i, xii; notes by, 71, 368-369; dted, jS, 314; Bib- 
liographical Data concemmg "Lettres Misantes," 66, 998-334. 

Panama ship-canal, suggested by Champlain, 9, 300. 

Panaonamské (Panawaniské, Panouamské), Abenaki village, 66, 
345; location, 67, 121; population, 337. 

Pandects, described, 4, 254. 

Pandora, myth of, suggested by Montagnais legend, 6, 328. 

Panet, Pierre, Quebec judge: payments made to^ 71, 107; sloetcfa, 

395. 

Panie, Charles, Jesuit donné, 36, 117, 44, 95, 50, 211, 51, 149; bttilds 
house at Three Rivers, 36, 129; sent thither, 38, 179; admitted to 
novitiate, 45, 115. 

Panis, 69, 179; term applied to Indian slaves, 301. See Ptiwnees» 
and Slavery. 

Pftnismahas, Pawnee tribe : favorable to Christianity, 69, 225 ; lo- 
cation, 301. See also Slddis. 

Pansacolas, 65, 175. See Pensacola. 

Panther: habitat, 10, 326; in Huron folk-lore, 324-326. 

Pantomime, employed by Indian orator, 27, 255-261. See also In- 
dians: oratory. 

Paouitagoong : location, 33, 149. 

Paonitigoueienhac, 11, 279. See Pagouitik, and Ojibwas. 

Papal States, Spanish Jesuits deported to^ 70, 314. 

Papimiskweou, Jeanne, Montagnais convert: baptized, 59, 61. 

Papaw {Asimina triloba; assimine), 43, 325, 63, 73, 263; describe^ 
43, ^59» 66, 229. 

Pftper, 21, 33, 28, 243» 4«. 105-107, 51, "3. 5«» 107, 66, 27; Uottinft 
49, 209^ 30, 163, 31, 115; hide used as substitute for, 21, 31, 37» 
41. See also Money. 

Papier-terrier C' hnd-roU '0> 7i> 65, 93; defined, 390. 

Papinachois (Papinachioec, Papinachiois, Ptipinachiwekhi, Papir- 
ag^awek), Montagnais tribe, 22, 219^ 46, 173, 47, 61, 221, 223, 229^ 
23h 48, 279, 49f^ 39» 43> 61, 69-73» 80, 21, 29, 3X> ^73, 8^. »23» 
33. 61, 85-87, 36, 157, 39, 37, 45, 57, Sp, 253, 60, 245, «57, 63» ^h 
66, 197, 68, 55; origin of name, 32, 223, 61^, 99; location, li; 
257, 47, 221, 223, 68, 99-101 ; nomads, 32, 221 ; character, 33, 8g^ 



Mrto] INDEX 217 

6S, 99; not polygamous, 49, 49. Trade with other tribes, iS, 
11S-117; on hostile terms with Som'iquois, 47, 229-231 ; attacked by 
Iroquois, 51, TJ, Friendly to French, 47, 231; trade with 
them, 49, 49^ 63, 50, 21-35» 2"» 5«» aift 5^» 87» 59» 305- Lan- 
gnage — resembles Algonldn, 68, loi; words and phrases, 49, 
39» S3» 57» 61-63, 68, 105 ; people speak McMitagnais, 52, 219. 

Paponaumsti, 3, 297. See Cod. 

Paqnet, > secular priest: preaches, 71, iii. 

Pftndis, Pierre: gifts to Quebec parish church, 42, 289; sketch» 

301. 

Paradise adornment of a church, 30, 167-169. 

Paraguay (Paraquais, Paraquay) : Charlevoix writes history, 69» 
304; "republic" of, 12, 276. See Jesuits: mission colonies. 

Paralysis, 25, 29, 28, 7/» 3^» 39» 48» 5i» S^» ^5» 62, 229. 

Parant (Parent), , joiner: dealings with Detroit mission, 

70, 21, 29^ 35; contracts for erection of church, 31, 49; identity, 
305. 

Parant (Parent), Albert ("of les Mîamis"): dealings with De- 
troit mission, 70, 21, 25, 37, 39^ 49; appointed agent for Catin's 
estate^ 37; death, 305. 

Parant, CHiarles, owns water-mill, 70, 305. 

Parant (Parent), Joseph, Detroit colonist, 70, 305. 

Parant, Laurent, Detroit colonist, 70, 305. 

Parant, Pierre, ypyageur: marriage, 70, 305. 

Paraph, adjunct of signature, 21, 303-307» 4X» ^7» 7i» 93» 95- 

Paraquais (Paraquay), 12, 221, 276, 15, 127. See Paraguay. 

• 

Paray-le-Mdnial, Prance, Biard, pastor at, i, 197. 

Parent, , abbé, 71, 396; discards cassock, 113. 

Parent, ^ Detroit habitant: works for mission, 69, 271. See 

also Parant. 
Parent, , Montreal tavern-keeper : sells liquor to Indians, 67, 

67-69. 

Parhelia, description, 48, 39, 35, I73-I79; diagram, 181, 71, 218; 
Indian superstition regarding, 55, 177. 

Paus, France, i, 41» 45» 65, 141» i43» a» ift I37» 183, 185, 195» 3> 47f 
55» 163-169, 293» 4» 183. 271» 8, 283, 9, 306, 307, 31a, 313» II. «9» 
273» 274» 15» 145, 193» 209, 211, 221, 16, 9p 13» 311» 20ft 26ft 22, 23, 
27» 2ft 31& 315. 77» loi, 103, ai7» 127, 131, 133, 28, 257-261, 311, 317, 
318^ 38, 107, 39» 37» 41» 33» 35» 165, 169-173» 20ft 213, 4s» 27, 2ft 
281, 283, 43» 83» 95, 97» 44» 137» I45» 217, 227, 24S, 45» 2ft 75, 77, 
173-177» 46, 195» 47, 121, 137, 241, 243, 48, 23, 33» 35, 117» 247» 
255» 49» i6ft 187, 193» fo, 97» 105, 121, 225, 235, 8I» m» i57» 82, 
43, 47, 107, 115» 53» 23, 31, 54» 24ft 55» 227-233, 561 245, 257» 59» 
294» 62, 75, 63, frontispiece, 64, 23ft 66, 35, 41» 65, 121, 135, 211, 



21S JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

Pabis (continued) — 

217* 67» 265, a6a a8i, 3^ 539» 340, 6S, 227, 69, 237> ^i» ^95. 
Arpent of, 4, 268; Communists, S, 311; cookshops» 15, 235: 
Ccutwmi, 4, 268 (see Coutume) ; hoq^itals, s, 280^ 67, 2QS — Pub- 
lic fines paid to, 2, 189; Salpètrìère, emigrants taken from, 67, 
285; Indians visit, 295, 68, 203, 215, 329; Jesuit exiles readi, 
70, 213, 299, 301; livre, 4, 269; its merchants in fur trade, 2S7; 
meridian, 23, 179; picture of, shown to Indians, 62, 57-59; prérdt, 
residence, 15, 248; prévôté, affirms Champlain's will, 13, 269; 
vicomte, 71, 73; civic offices, 40, 249-251. History and descrip- 
tion, 18, 248, 32, 311, 71, 327, 342. See also Louvre. 
Public edifices, etc.: bridges — Petit Châtelet, history, ig, I57, 
248; Petit Pont, 248; Pont- Neuf, 3g, 145, 291-29^ 62, 272. 
Churches — Notre Dame, ig, 235; Sainte Chapelle, 3^, 41, 311; 
Ste. Geneviève, 2, 157 — history, 297; St. Josse, g2, 43; St Pierre 
de Montmartre, 8, 311. Cheval de bronze, 62, 271-272. Invalides, 
67» 253. Jardin des Plantes, specimens from Canada sent to^ 6^ 
291. Palace, bookshops on its steps, i, 53. Palais de Justice, 32, 
311. Streets — Rue des Amandiers, 4, 189; du Pom, i, 1x9; St 
Antoine, 42, 281; St. Estienne des Grecs, 11, 273; St Jacques, g, 
9^ 81 (and on title-pages of succeeding Relations). Place Royale, 
10, 293. Faubourg St Jacques, 11, 53. University — see Universi- 
ties. 

Religious establishments: convents — 11, 53, 57-59; Assump- 
tion, its gifts to missions, 42, 283, 287; Carmelites, 11, 53» 93-^» 19* 
27, 27, 287 ; Hospital nuns, 43, 23 ; Montrouge, 4, 271 ; St Marie, 
42, 281 ; Ursulines, I3> 269, 16, 15, 18, 65, 39, 43, 71, 55. Congre- 
gations, 16, 15, 17, 35; house for recent converts, 36, 41. Jesuits 
(see Jesuits: colleges). Seminary of St. Sulpice, 21, 312 (see 
Sulpittaos). See also above Public edifices, etc. 
Paris (diocese) : Piquet labors in, 69, 295 ; St Denis its bishop, 8, 

3x0. 
Parisel (Parizel), Jean François (al, Oxaàt, and Jean Jacques), 
Jesuit brother, 71, 135; arrives in Louisiana, 72, 19; apttthecary, 
68, 18^ 69, 79^ 70, 89; sketch, 71. i^ 
Parishes» «umber of families necessary to form, 70, 245. See aiso 

Quebec (diocese). 
Pk^rker, John, English officer : commands New Jerscgr trcDps» 70, 

312; slain in battle, 123. 
Parkman, Francis, American historian, i, 24, 63, frontispiflos; pre^ 
sents documents to Mass. Hist. Soc., 69, 281 ; researches regatd- 
ing Norembega, 71. 314; cited, i, 318^ 34* 253-«54. 4«, as8> *9. 
293, 29s 398-299. Works cited — Conspiracy of PonOac, 70, 3x7, 



dies] INDEX Sit 

71, fl68; Disc, of Rocky Mouuiams, 6S, ^35; Pramiêmic, ss> 39«» 
63, 299^ 303, 305. 64, 273-274. 276, 281, 65, 261, 71» 5118; Half- 
Cewêmy of Conflict, 6é, 3«3-34S> 67. 336^ 71* 298; /«#i«ti«, i, 509^ 
312^ 4, 4S8k 5v 286» 293, 296^ 6^ 326^ a, 2sA 3Q3-304, XO, 319, X3, 
269^ 271, 18, 246, 16, 256, 17, 242, 21, 312*313» 2«r 3*8, 71. 240; 
i> SiMAp, 21, 314. 57» 316-317» »9» 309^ 3i3i ^4* 63, 30S-306, 6f, 
270^ 71, 341 ; Montcalm and Wolfe, 69, 295. 297» 299» 7*, 3"-3i2, 
71, 319; Oid Régime, 12» 27^ i«v 258, 46, 3(»-303> 47, 3I7. 48» 
298-291^ 49^ 274, #•, 319, 327, 52> 261, 8 J» 303, 7»» 298; Pioneers, 
I, 32^3>9» 2, 295» 304» 4» 254, 258, 71» 298, 368. "Feudal Chiefs 
el Aeedia^" 71* 309- 

ParkMa» Ckib, Milwetikm, Wia. : Publications, dted» xâ, 257» 2i> 
319» 28, 320, 42, 296, 58. 321. 63, 305. 71. 234. 2381 28a^ 322, 335- 
338. 

Parliaments of French provinces: relations with rpyal power, 2» 
297; W>^ fin^ to the support of hospitals, 24, 187; issue decrees 
against Jesuits, 70, 213-217, 221, 297-299, 314, 71, 23s. 3^. Al- 
sace, Besançon, Douay and Lorraine — refuse to suppress Jesuits, 

7%3»4k Brittany— 64. 277. Paris — i, in, a, 171, 46, 303- 47. 
263^ é4» 277; members, 2, 123, 157; appeals from seigniorial 
courts pertain to, 71, 73; decrees against Jesuits, 70, 213, 297- 
291^ 314; history, 2^ 297. Rouen — exercises jurisdiction in Can- 
ada» 16, 257 ; petitioned to keep a nun in convent, 32, 135 ; decrees 
. igswMt JsBuil^ 71, 382: Toidouse — 65, 271. 

Parmentier, , sponsor in baptism, 2, 159^ 

Purmeatier, Jena, French navigator: the ''Gran Capitano/* 2» 302. 

Pare^Ml»: IcMnd along lower Mississippi, 5^, 99^ 59» i^; at- 
scritei^ 149; featiiers woven into scarfs, 47, 147. 

Parricide» among Indians, 47, 241. 

Parroi^fithk 8, 159; described, 306. 

Parsnips, used in Canada, 7, 71. 

Partridges, 3. 81, 5» 21, 6, 271, 7. 201, 14, I37. 26, 57. 30, 173. 32, 
as» 3^ XI3> 37. 33. 185» 231, 59» 173» 179. 64. 265. 66^ 115. 155» 6^» 
145» aS7; white, 32. 109; sold at Detroit mission, 70, 43; price, 
29. 

Pascataqua, 36, 242. See Piscataqua. 

Paslistaskau (Palistakau, Patchitaskau), Indian name for Hudson 
Bay and Lake St. John watershed, 56, 171, 303, 304. 

Peonage, seigniorial due, 71, 380. 

Paspebiac (Paspey), 2, 310. See Passepec. 

Pasquinades, Quebec habitants compose, 28, 157. 

" Passage, the," farm at Charlesbourg, 71, 69. 

Pan flnmaqwcddies, Abenaki tribe: location, 12, 274; wampum rec- 
ords, 71, 285. 



»0 JESUIT RELA TIONS 

Pftssepec (Paspebiac, Paspcy), Acadian harbor: French at, a, 263^ 
4, 37 : identity, ^, 310. 

Passports: given to Jesuits by Richelieu, 5, 11, 275; to Jesuit en- 
voys by Canadian codais, 36, 8I3, 56, 157-159; of ship-captains, 
63, 275 ; to Prance from Spain, 70, 299. 

Pastedechouan (Patetchoanen, P^tetchounon), Pierre Antoine, Mon- 
Ugnais convert, 5, 117, 135, 163, 167, 179, 6, 169^ 171» 1Q7» S5if 

3aft 7» 55. 57, 67, 73*75, 79, 89, 91, "5, 1^7, 147-153, 1S9-163, 185» 
195, 201, 203, 303, 9, 223; educated in Prance, 6, 87; marriage 
7, 69; instructs Le Jeune, 87, 137, 149, 39, 105, 115; treats him 
unkindly, 7, 31, 7i, 103-105, I43-I4S; apostacy, 6, lift 9, 307; de- 
spised bf his tribesmen, 7, 173-175; wretched death, 9, 69-71, 
95; history, 5, 107-111, I73-I75, «5, 283. 

Pastils, in Jesuit invoice, 66, 29. 

Pastries, New- Year's gift, 28, 143. 

Pataouabi, Guillaume, Attikamègue convert: baptized, 24, ^; 
piety, 85-87. 

Patchitaskau, 56, 303. See Paslistaskau. 

Patetchounon (Patetchoanen), 5, 283, 6, 167. See Pastedechouan. 

Patliasse, Micmac corruption of "patriarch" (q. v.), x, 311, I7# 
242. 

Patois (jargon): French and Montagnais, 5, 113-115; Algonkiii 
and Montagnais, iS, 258; 35, 239; Chicasa, 68, 328. 

Pktouillet, Louis, Jesuit: edits Lettres édHÌ4mtes, 66, 29ft 309-311, 
S^, 67, 249-263; sketch, 339. 

Patriarch (Patliasse), Micmac appellation of Fléché, i, i5i, 311, 
2, 137, 147, 155, 157, 161-165, 3, 165, 4, 87, 17, 342; applied to 
other priests, 8, 185, 60, 269 — by Abenakis, 31, 195, 203-205, 36, 

53, 85. 37, 343, 247-249, 253, 38, 19, 27-39. 

Patroon: system, inaugurated, 21, 318; of Rensselaerswyckf 28, 
III. 

Pattens, worn in France, 44, 293. 

Patterson, (George, C^anadian writer: Beothiks, 71, 274, 291. Hist, 
Pictau County, 71, 309. Portuguese on N, Amer. Coast, 71, 309. 
" Biencourt," 71, 336. " Sable Island," 71, 309. " Sir W. Alexan- 
der," 71, 309. 

Pftuiongha, Indian appellation of Limoges, 65, 115. 

Paul, Algonkin lad: baptism and death, 11, 107. 

Paul, an Algonkin, 14, 275; conversion and bo^tism, 171-179* 
See also Aniskawaskousit 

Paul, Huron lad : drowned, 37, 169. 

Paul, Huron convert: I. 21, 287. II. Pious death, 66, 16S-167. 

Paul, Indian convert : baptism, 8, 277. 



i] INDEX »1 

Pftiil, Iroquois convert : at Laval's reception, 59, 277. 

P^ul v., pope, a, 394; sponsor in baptism, i, 77, xii, a, 159; trail, 

cited, 37, 107. 
Paul, Vincent de, 14, ^87; a friend of Richelieu, 8, 310. See also 

St. Vincent de Paul. 

Paulin, , priest: confessor to Louis XIV., 36, 71. 

Paulin, Pottawattomie convert: slain l^ a bear, 60, 153. 
Paulinus, Joannes Vincentius, inquisitor-general at Ancona» at, 

215. 
Paulob Catherine, marriage, 69, 306. 
P^ume, game: history, g, 2185. 
Pauoitigoueieuhak, 93, 223. See Sauteurs. 
Pavesade, screen for ship's deck, 2, 37, 3, 279^ 301. 
Pawnees (Panis), 69, 179; location, 301; raided by Illinois for 

slaves, 301 (see also Panis) ; trade with French, 225-229; a ritual 

of, 71. «77. 

" Paxton Boys," massacre Conestogas, S, 301. 

Fnynt, P. P., botanical observations, 71, 347. 

Pays, Renées marriage, 67» 33^* 

Peabody, W. B. O.: "JcsuiU in N. W. Terr.," 71, «40. 

Peabody Academy of Science, publications, 71» 3^8. See also Mu- 
seums: Peabody. 

Peace: (a) Between aborigines — Algonkins and Abenakis, ag» 
117, 40, 209; Algonkins and Iroquois, 27, 79-81, 29, 55, I47f 153; 
Iroquois and Wolves, 2S, 115, 57» 81; Iroquois and Hurons, 29* 
55» 147, 153. 33, 117-127, 133. i6s, 39. 199 ; Bersiamites and Sou- 
riquois, 30, 139-143; Andastes mediate for, 33, X3i'i33; Iroquois 
and OtUwas, 52, 197, 203, 37» 203; Mascoutens and Kickspoos 
with Illinois, 6S, 330; sun and sky invoked as witnesses o( 33» 
225« See also the several tribes: relations with other tribes. 
(b) Between aborigines and whites — Iroquois and Prendi, i, 28^ 
21, 3i8> 27, 137, 141» 157, 247-30S» 3i«» I3ft 147» 171. 275-3^^ »9. 
47-49^ 145-X47» 151* 211, 249, 30, 21(^221, 227, 31, I07i 1x1» 38» 47» 
292, 36, 21-23, 38, 179» 183, 195-199» 39» 235, 40, H5-"7» 141. 145- 
149» IS5» 157-193» 197» 213» 325, 41» 37f 43-47, 5i» 65-75» 79^5» 99- 
loi, 117, 133» 201, 217, 223-225, 4>» 37» 49k 59, ^55-257» 299, 43» 
107, 117» I29b go, 175, 227, 239, 323» 81» 79k 109» 159» 167» 219^ ga, 
135» 183» 197» 229, 83, 33» 41» 223-225, 84» 209, 227, 275» 281, 88» 
322, 86» 45» 59k 191» 87» 21-23» 60, 315» 61, 23, 62, 83, 257» 63» 9h 
153» 171» 213, 303, 64, 241-243; Mascoutens and Kickapoos, and 
French, M, 209, 330; Sacs and Poxes, and French, 330, 333; pre* 
served largely by Jesuit influence, 36, 237; effects of, gi, 167-177, 
277. Mohei^ms and Dutch, 28, 115. New England tribes and 
English, 60, 319; Abenakis and English, 67, 103. See also the 



JESUIT RELA TIONS 



Peace (contintied) — 
aererai colonies and coontries: relations with aborlgMes. (r) 
Between colonies and countries — Aulnay and En^tsh^ 3^ 3114; 
of Westphalia, as, 312; New Prance and New Enghmd^ j6, 9t: 
Prance and England, 36» 229, 41, 239, 67, 57, 205-2es^ 71, 29; 
Prance and Austria, 67, 337. See also Caltnnet, AmbasHidsrs 
and envoys. Tobacco-pipes, and' Treaties. 

Peaches: in New Netherlands, 28, iii; in Canada, 64^ 133; fc wd 
along Mississippi, 65, 133, 66, 229. Trees — care necessary^ in 
Canada, 64, 133 ; sent to Illinois country from South, éé, 229^ 

Pear-trees: planted by Jesuits, 6, 75; in Canada, 9, 155» 64', 133- 
137; in New Netherlands, sS, iii; on Richelieii Island^ 48» 1^; 
in north country, 56, 205. 

Pearly not found among southern Indians, 69, 141. 

Fearon, Jean, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 135; sketch, 157. 

Peas (pease), 9, 153, 157, 239. 24ft 10, 59, 12, 131, 257. »6» 79, I7, 
223, 24, 51, 37, 25, 83, 153» 40, III, 44> "ft 46, 137, 88> «f* 6#, 
47, 187, 62, 247, 63» 259, 65, 167; cultivated by French, 4, HS, % 
163, ^3, 271, B4, 51, 38, 193. 69, 25s; as food, 5, 9ft i^» iflS^ 969, 
27, 103, i5ft 36, 5ft 67, 291, 68, 269^ 69, loi ; in Indian c oé iMrj , 
9, 282; J^its cultivate, 6. 77, 7<^, 3h 45> 55» 67; sold to IHians, 
6, 273 ; exported to Antilles, 50, 241 ; dimate at Chieouftn» un- 
favorable to^ 68, 109; price, 69, 24ft 257. 

Peasanis, jft'ench: Indians compared to, 96, 125, 51, 129; ignor- 
anee of, 92, 262. 

Pleat: in Mississippi valley, 59, 207; on Anticosti Ishuid, 82, 272. 

FecBi^ speeies of nut: in Illinois country, 66» 229; valuable for 
expOTt, 348. Tree (Hicoria Pecan, or Carya oUvaefomnii), 66, 

^^^* 
Feédiers, Jesuits disguised as, 47, 197. 
Peet^ Stephen D., antiquarian: "Rain-god," 71, 278. ^AiitRial 

Figures," 71, 287. Mounà-buUders, 71, 267. Bmhl. Momnds, 71» 

2671 Cliff-dwellers, 71, 267. 
Ptogouaki (Pecouaki, Pequidket, Pigwacket), Abcaaki ¥i]laee: 

îdentiâeatioa, 67, 332; reistabiishment of, discussed, 31-35. See 

4^0* Fryeburg, Me. 

Feiré^ , memorandum on document, 65, 39. 

Pdkan (pecan, precan; Mustela pennanti; black fox, b^dc eat), 

Frtnch^anadian term for wild cat, 21, 315; other naaies lor, 

315-; bought by English, 70, 127; prices, 127. 
Pehcamme erythrorhyncos. See PeUcan, American white. 
Pderin (Pellerin), Philippe, secular priest: at Ursulines', 49, 272; 

officiates. 123-125, 143; in religious procession, 155; retumt to 

France, 165, 270. 



] INDEX 



PeHeauH Amerìcsn white (Pêlecatms grythrorhyneos) : luMlAt, 5g, 
I9f, 321; Indian name lor, 197; described, 197-1991 

P cllw e a (Pellisson), Paid, French writer and courtier: abjures 
hermf, éa, ^76; furnishes medicine to Jesuits, 9$, 231; death 
(léfs), 976; sketdi, 276. 

P di e t i tff (Peltier), François, scm of Nkolas: with Albanel, 45, 
1 1^1»; marries Indian woman, 149, 972; at Quebec» 50, 197; 
slcctd^ 4Bp ^7^ 

PeMe t kir (Pdtier), Gnillanme: sen enters service of Jnuàê, ^, 
227; affointed deputy, 38, i95; sketch, 294. 

Pdletisr, Mkhtl, buys St. Ai^nan, 9, 264. 

PeHetisr (Pettier), NIedas, 45, 272; in danger tran Iroqtioia, 36^ 
12$; skelch^ 246. 

Pettier, Jean, visits Iroquois, 43, 57. 

P^tief, Jeanne, marriage, $% 305. 

Peltier» Mvie, diiBcultiea in second marriage, 30, 159^ 381^ 

Pelt% % 1Ì7; of CSEuiada, excellence of, i, loi, 3^ ^43; différent 
varieties, 3» 69» 4» ii3> ^07, 17, 243f éf, 171 ; amount of, at Tad» 
oiaMÊHt, 3^» 103, 69, 95 ; brouf^t from Hudson Bay regimi, 33» (SF» 
sé, 149; best and most abundant in West, 41, x8ti; of smni net 
besv«r, worthless, 68, 109; at ChicoHtimi, 69, iii; at Sept Isles^ 
121 ; stored by Loups, 171 ; season for obtaining, 48, 179^ Coamn 
givci( a» alms, 20, 245; Iroquois capture^ 21, 49^ 24, 271, ^s-277; 
cooÉscaied, when not taken to warehouse, 30^ 183; Franca seìa% 
front Iroquois, 64, 243. Uses — as bedding, i, a8i, 3* 77; to 
corer tents or cabins, 2, 79^ 3, 77. Buried with dead, 2» 135; 
corpses wrapped in, 3, 129, 54, 147; bones buried in, at feast of 
dea4» 39> 3i ; as presents, 3» ^ I37> 8, »9, 27, 267, 33» IM* 84^ 
225, é8, 205; as money, 9, I73-I77, «5, ^1» "3» ^*» Mh 37, 7i» 
69, 245-249, 259-261 ; in barter, 9, 203, 17, 241, 31, 209; as car- 
pet, 89» ^i* See also Purs, Fur trade, and the several fur-bear- 
inn; animals. 

PemaqjBtd, Me., Indian settlement near, i, 309; English settlement 
at» ^M» J99; Bashaba at, 3, 297; French capture (1696), 63, $00^ 
305; SngUsh seize Indians at, 67, 334. 

Pembroke, £ng., Jesuits at, i, 235, 2, 273, 3, 17, 4, 69-73- 

Pcneti% Indian name for Mt. Desert, 3, 265. 

Pemptegoet. See Pmobscot and Pentegoet. 

Pcmptecoiis. Se4 Penobscot and Pentegoet 

Penacooks (Nipmucks, Penagouc), Algooquian tribe: location, 36, 
243-244; promise to aid French against Iroquois, 101-103. See 
ait» Nipmucks. 

Penakouret, Abenaki convert: {Mety, 63, 77. 



2S4 JESUIT RELA TIONS 

PWJd/nts: among Indians — not known among, 33, 51; for aor- 
ceiy, M, 37, »•» 53» 30, 21, 39, I33-I37; fall upon relatives or pub- 
lic, IB, 157, 37, 163; for theft, 36, 269; for murder, ^3-287. 
Among converts — for disobedience, iS, 107, 173, JS, 119-iai; 
among Sillery Christians, so, 145-151, 22, 121; for soroerj, so, 
153; for intoxication, S3, i^, s6, I47-I49, ^9, 79, 33, 237, 269- 
271; for taking part in licentious feast, 23, 191; for apoatacj» 
259-261. French inflict on Indians — by Champflour, 23, 191; for 
killing cattle, s8, 225 ; for treachery, 33, 49^ 221 ; for intoxication 
(imposed in conjunction with Jesuits), 40, 153, 62, 53, é3, 103-111, 
223; at Montreal, 33, 241 ; for alleged treachery, 33, 291, 295; lor 
attempted murder, 307. In France — for theft, 10, 65-67; for sor- 
cery, II, 201-203, 261, IS, 155, 169; for murder, 33, 233; lor licen- 
tiousness, 33, 292; death by fire, rarely inflicted, 13, 75- 
Among French in Canada: tor trading liquor to Indian^, 6, 329^ 
% I4S, 203-205, s6, 147, s8, 147. 33, 49-53, 46, 173. 187, 4* sar, 63. 
Ill, 68, 267; for intoxication, 9, 145, S3, 187, sy, 119, 3s, 83; for 
gluttony, s8, 169; for blasphemy, 9, 145, s8, 1(^-169; for neglect 
of religious services, 9, 145; for desertion, 24, 47-49^ 4s, 245, 63, 
sB$; for murderous assault, s8, 167; for dueling; 169; galleys» in- 
flicted for crimes, 3s, 105, 30, 255; for theft, 34, 39» 41, 257; iot 
prostitution, 185; criminal escapes, by acting as executtooer, 3s, 
105, 41, 257 ; for exceeding price-tariff, 44, 93 ; for robbery and ar- 
son, 47, 297; for murder and arson, 305; for petitioning, 63, 199^ 
Hanging; 49, 77 — for piracy, 3, 292, 29, 31; for murder, 49, 171, 
31, 207, 68, 267; for attempted murder, 38, 173, 72, 15; for coun- 
terfeiting; 30, 211; for rape, 217. Mennonites regard capital pun- 
ishment unlawful, s8, 313. 

MisceUaneous: English, for privateering, 36, 97. General, for 
piracy, 29, 31. Right of capital punishment under feudal systen^ 
41, SS7. See also the several crimes. 

Penances: public, for Indians, 18, 175, 33, 33-35, 37, 45; imposed 
for drunkenness, S3, 187, s6, 147, S7, loi, 119^ X47-i4ft S9, 75-81, 
35, 63, 68, 267; poiormed by repentant apostates, 23, 255, 273- 
281 ; by mothers for children, 3s, 305. See also Mortifications. 
Pene, , and others : Neptnne fronçois, 71, 364. See êUô Car- 
tography and maps. 
Penetanguishene, Ont: Indian sites near, 19, 270-272; 39, 264. 

Memorial church at, 4, 266, 3, 297; view, 295. 
Penettc (Pemetiq), 3, 265; Indian name of Mt. Desert, i, 31& See 

also Mt Desert and St Sauveur. 
Penhallow, D. P. : " Canad. Botany," 71, 348. 

Pénicaut, , companion of Le Sueur, 66, 338; Rei Lomiei&ne, 

dted, 63, 262, 267, 270, 66, 338, 7», S58. 



Peortas] INDEX S15 



Peninsula: upper Michigan, 33, 149-151; between Misstsaippi and 

Tamaroas Rivers, 69, 221. 
PennengoQS, 60, 217. See Openangoes. 
Pennsylvania (ccdony and state), 59, 312; Indians in, S, joi, 47, 

316, 69, 297 ; counties — St Lawrence, Indian site in, 69, 299. See 

also New Sweden. 
Penobscot, Me.: settlement at, 24, 309; hi&tory, 71, 315. See who 

Castine, Pentegoët and Rivers: Penobscot 
Penobscots, English appellation of Etccfaemin tribe, i, 10^ 293, la, 

274, 18, 260. See Pentagouetch and Tarratines. 
Penootet, Jean Baptiste, Algonkin lad: baptism and death, 11, 91. 
Pens, Hospital nuns ask for, 51, 115, 52, 109. 
Pensa, , Jesuit provincia] in Europe, friend of Chaumooot, 

1«. 33. 

Pensacola (Pansacolas), Fla.: Spaniards settle (1696), 6g, 270; 
Spaniards seize, 165; fort at, 167; French attack and capture 
(1719), 269, 270, 66, 341; restored to Spain (iTai), 65, 270; 
transferred to England, 70, 267; British at, 71, 387. 

Pensacola Indians, 69, 175. See Pansacolas. 

Pensaukee, Wis., Indian site at, 58, 29S. See also Chouskouabika. 

Pensions: Jesuit — granted to (i747)f 3^» ^Sh 49i ^5> 6g, 181, 
271 ; payments of, authorized, 49> i57f 80, 215 ; petition lor pay- 
ment oi^ 49, 173; payments on, 175; granted in Louisiana, 69, 
203; asked for last four Jesuits, 71, 105. Récollets — granted to^ 

53> 303. 

Pentagouet (Pentagwet). See Pentegoët. 

Pentagouetch, Algonquian appellation of Etechemin tribe» 18, 233; 
26a See Penobscots and. IWratines. 

Pentecost, feast of: date in 161 1, 3, 299; eve of, 29, 49^ 293. 

Pentegoët (Pemptegoet, Pemptegous, Pentagouet), appellation of 
district, settlement, and river: location, 8, 287, 67, 195-197; In- 
dians at, I, 83, 46, 67; Poutrincourt at, 155 ; Lalemant at, 4, 233, 
269; English capture (1613), 8, 13; restored to Prance (1635)» 
13, 287; Druillettes at, 37f M?- See also Castine, PenobacoC, and 
Rivers: Penobscot. 

Peoarias, 66, 51. See Peorias. 

Peokwagamy, 65, 47. See Lakes: St. John. 

People of sea, 18, 231, 247, 23* ^77- See Winnebagoes. 

Peoria, 111., La Salle builds fort near, 57, 316, 64, 279. 

Peorias (Peoarias, Peoualeas, Peoualen, Peouarea, Peou a reona, Pe- 
ouarias, Peouarooua, Pewarias, Pionaroua), Illinois tribe or 
dan, 98, 293; called " Illinois of the strait" (du détroit), 63, im» 
263-264, 66, 51 ; location of village, 39, 304» ^4* 379> 69, 264, 66, 



JESUIT RELA TIONS 




P«orìas (continued) — 
269; dwell with Miamis, 58, 41, 365; dwell with KaskaalOM» 65, 
101-103, 157; population of village (1707), 66, 121. Dooite» e, as; 
medicine-men among, 64, 181 ; go into winter quarters» a|}; ose 
firearms, 66, 287. Jesuits with, i, 35, 58, 2(^5, 59, ias« i6|, 64» 
189, 66, 51. 63, 247> 279, 287-269; attitude toward GhriMJMHty, 
64, 161-163, I7i'i73f 199; converts among; 193, 197; «IMnat 
Gravier, 66, 247, 2^, fl67; desire missionanr, 267» 279. Avoch 
with, 66, 53» 277, 297» ^i; forbidden to trade with, a^; lor 
trade with, 265; secretly trade with, 265-^. See 3U0 Ittiaois 



Peoualeas (Peoualen, Peotwrea, Peouarias» Peonareoua» F< 
ooua), 88, 41, 2$5* 293» 89* 163» 64, 171» I73> 181, 189, 191. i9h ^99» 
233» 68, loi, 103, 66, 53. 247» 365, 267, 277, 279, a87-aii. Sec 
Peorias. 

Peouarea (Peouareoua), Peoria village: location, 59, 309; J—Mita 
at, 185, 66, 63. 

Pé'ouris, Illinois chie^ 6g, 71. 

Pepakousinagoutieou, Pierre, Montagnais convert: baptlMn, §8, 

63. 
Fepikonkia, Illinois tribe or clan: at Miami village, 58, 41. 
Pepin, Marie Anne Louise, marriage, 70, 307. 
Pcpioocrtnet, Pierre Thomas, Abenaki chie^ 69, 73. 
Pepisagontaou, Montagnais convert: baptized, 59, 61. 
Pepper: Hospital nuns ask for, 49, 207, go, 161, gi, 113, ga, 109; 

long, gir 113; in Jesuit invoice, 66, 29; sold at Detroit mitMon, 

69, 275; price, 275. Plant — as remedy, 68, 73; wax obtained 

from, 73. 
Pepper, Mary Sifton, translator for this series, 1-9, v of «aoh vol' 

ume. 
Peqnots (Peqvods), Algonquian tribe of New England: a tttad ta 

Mohegans, i, 306, s6, 315; hostile to Canadian Indiana, i, paB; 

history, 71, 291. 
Perca (Americana, flavescens). See Perch. 
Percé Rock, 9, 311. See Islands: Percée. 
Percé, village in Gaspé, 9, 311. 
Perch, a fish: bltK (cunner, ctenolabrus adspersus), 8, 306; Uack 

(achigen), 49, 295; yellow or American {Americana or fkfves- 

cens), 295; in lakes and rivers of New Prance, 9, tÔT (goldfish), 

31, 251, 48, 173» 50, 241. 
Perche, French province: emigration from, to Canada, 7, 310, 12, 

275. «7, 312. 314» a8r 31S, 317, 4a» 301, 43* 322, 47, 315. 

Ptré, , trader: at Quebec, 45» I57; goes to Isle Percé, 159; 

owner of ship, 47, 285. 



ì INDEX «7 

Pére, Jean: sent to Lake Superior (1666), so, 334; diaoovwa cop- 
per mine, %%, 237. 

Pereira, Portuguese merchant: Dniillettes calls Winslow his» 36, 
%j\ allusion to, explained, 259. 

Perennin, , portrait, 66, 317. 

Perier (Perrier), — ' ■■ , 68, 197; goyemor of T^onisiana (1726-34), 
66, 342^ 70, 316; good administration of, 67, ^^leji, 277; Indians 
cfaant calumet to, 299; plans settlement at Vincennes, 70^ 316; 
friendly to Jesuits, 68, 167; Yazoo chief sends message U^ 173; 
places ntstrictioos on voyageurs, 183; provides for defease of 
French settlements, 187-189; recognizes bravery of D'Artaguette, 
193; Illinois Indians offer services to^ 203, 207. 



MagoMiuis and reviews — 

Amartcan Antiquarian, cited, 10, 320^ 71» 264, 267, 275, 277, 278, 
284, 28s, 287, 390, 292, 295, 317. 

American Anfchrc^ologist, dted» 10, 320, 328; 71, 221, 263, 2614, 
266, 269^ 273» 376, 277, 279, 280, 282, 283, 286, 287, 293t a95f 3S4> 37B, 

404. 

American Catholic Quarterly Review, cited, 69, 305, 306, 306» 70, 
315, 71, 241, 3^8; 393- 

American Naturalist, cited, 8, 3x4, 64, 279, 6g, 266, 71, 27& 279, 

284, 285, 20S> 3a8. 
American Quarterly Register, cited, 71, 336. 
American Review, cited, 12, 270^ 71, 278. 
American Whig Review, cited, 71, 278. 
Année Sainte, cited, 71, 234. 
Appletott's Journal, cited, 49, 289. 
Archiv der Pharmacie (Halle), cited, 49, 276. 
Atlantic Monthly, cited, 3, 299^ 68, 33s, 71* «35» 27» 309- 
CaaadarPraacats, cited, 8, 292, xa, 275, 16» 2S9t Mf V^ 7K» 303- 
Paundîm Antiquarian, cited, 71, 299^ 30a 
Canadian Indian, cited, 71, 2B7, 312. 

Canadian Journal, cited, s, 296, 88, 3X9^ 7X> 370, 3", 3tM» 3^ 
Canadian Magazine, cited, 71, 329, 345. 
C!anadian Messenger, cited, 34 > 249, 68, 322. 
(Canadian Monthly and National Review, cited, x, 305, 309^ 31$, 2, 

395, 304, 307, 71, 329. 
(Catholic Historical Researches, cited, 69, 304, 71, 246, 327, 329. 
Catholic World, cited, i, 318. 
Century Magazine, cited, 71, 268. 
Cincinnati Misotllany, cited, 71, 276. 
C!o«rrier du Livre, cited, 71, 220^ 372. 



228 JESUIT RELA TIONS [I 

Pkuoihcals : Magazines and reviews (oontmued) — 

Democratic Review, cited, 71, 240. 

Edinlnirgh New Philosophical Journal, cited, 5, 993. 

Etudes religietises, cited, 55» 3I5> 7X» 933> 403. 

Pomm, cited, 71, 268. 

Praser's Magazine, dted, 70, 315. 

Historical Magazine, cited, s, 259, 301, 4, 250, 5, 379, 8» 301, 47, 
314 59, 297, 70, 3"» 71, 290, 294, 330. 

Jotimal American Polk-lore, dted, 5f ^^ ^, 3A 330f 8, 303-304, 
10, 325, IS, 270-271, iS, 259, *3, 306, 71» 376-378, aga «92. 

Journal Asiatique, dted, 66, 320. 

London Quarterly Review, dted, 71, 239. 

Magazine of American History, with Notes and Queries: ctte<l 
i> 308, s, 301, 41, 358, 69, ^94» 70, 304, 71» 2169^ ^8% 330- 

New England Historical and Genealogical Register, cited, 71» 314. 

North American Review, dted, 71, 271, 279, 287. 

Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, ctted^ 4, ^55, 71« 

331*354. 
Pharmaceutical Review, dted, 43, 325, 71, 347. 

Popular Sdence Monthly, dted, ê, 314, 71, 285. 

Qtarterly Review, dted, 70, 315. 

Queen's Quarterly, dted, 71, 306» 3io^ 37& 

Revue Canadienne, cited, 19, 269, 50, 322, 58, 2g6, 69, 29a 31^ 7^» 

303» 308, 33i> 334* 33& 379- 
Revue de Géogn^hie, dted, 50, 325, 59, facing 8S, 71, 3^ 
Revue de Montréal, dted, 50, 322, 55, 3i5, 67, 33«» ^. 303» 7^ 

234, 242, 29ft 303, 306, 307» 3"» 331. 

Revue Historique, dted, 71, 306. 

Scrihner's Monthly, dted, 71, 291. 

United States Catholic Historical Magazine, dted» 57» 31^^ 89» 
309, 64, 276, 65, 263, 272, 67, 33& 68, 329» 69» 306, 308, 70, 30S*308b 
71, 235. 237, 238, 242, 261, 272, 277» 290^ 291, 300, 317, 31ft 322^ 326^ 
332, 336. See also U. S. Cath. Hist Soc. 

United States Catholic Intdligencer, dted, 66, 346, 7X> 332. 

Wdthott, dted, 66, 321. 

Newspapers^^ 

"Abeille, 1'," cited, 18, 256, 42, 292, 293. 298, 60, 3", 3i5-3i8^ eg, 
«56, 66, 340, 69, 233, 282, 303, 70, 303, 71, 331. 

Detroit ^* Sunday News," dted, 69, 283, 305- 

" Harper's Weekly," dted, 71» 275. 

London, " Post Man," cited, 68, 329. 

"Mercure Prançois" (publishes accounts of missiont), i, 41; dt- 
ed, 4, 248, 257, 268, 5, a6ft 273, 6, 3* 7, 311-312, 71» 33O1 7a» 9. 



PmtoI] index 32» 

Milwaukee " Sentinel/' cited, 54f 308. 

Montreal " Gazette," cited, 71, 395. 

Montreal " Star," cited, 71, 338. 

Orillia ^ Packet," cited, 5> 298, 54, 307, 71, 312. 

Oshkosh " Sunday Times," cited, 94, 309, 71, 3aa 

Quebec " Electeur," cited, 71, 339. 

Quebec " Gazette," its proprietor, 41, 351 ; cited, 71, 395. 

Quebec "Union Libérale," cited, 71, 384. 

Toronto " Globe," cited, s, 396, 71, 366. 

Toronto ^ Mail," cited, 8, 396, ai, 316, 71, 36^. 
Periwinkle (Pynito), shells used for wampum, 8» 313. 
Permits, trading: issued by Compagnie de la Colonie du f^w^ 

65, 317, 335-337, 343-345; giving oit to be prohibited, 67, 47; con- 
ditions under which given, 47. 

Pemelle, Julien, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 135; arrives in Louisiana, 7a» 
19; widi Illinois, 70, 89; sketch, 89^ 71, 179. 

Péronne. Ste Dumesnil: Louis and Michel. 

Perrault, Julien, Jesuit, 71, 135; arrives in Canada (1634), S, 305; 
at Cape Breton mission, 292, 305; sketch, 305, 71, 140. Cape 
Breton Relation (ReL 1635), 7, 313, 8, vii, 3, 157-167, 71, 184. 

Perrier. See Perier. 

Perron, Jacques, accused of illicit trading, 69, 85. 

Perrot, François Marie: arrives in Canada (1670), 58, 395; gov- 
ernor of Montreal, 395; marri^^ 395; land granted to (1673)» 
395; trade with Indians, 395; residence of, 133; at Prairie de la 
Magdeleine, 59, 385-387; arrested and sent to Prance (1674), g8, 
395, 69, 153; imprisoned in Bastile, 58, 395; governorship re- 
stored, 395; governor of Acadia (1684), 395; captured by Rngtiah 
(1690), 395; partner oi^ in fur trade, 69, 393; character, 58, 395; 
sketch, 395. 

Perrot, Mme. François Mane (née La Guide) : niece of Talon, 94, 
277, $B, 395 ; sponsor in baptism, 54, 377. 

Perrot, Mme la presidente: aids mission, 66, 135. 

Perrot, Nicolas, noted explorer and Indian agent: Jesuits and Sul- 
pitians employ (1660-66), 58» 3^; engaged in fur trade, 330; 
with St Lusson (1670-71), 10, 333, 55, 330; marriage, 330; land 
granted to, 330; acts as interpreter, 330; in Northwest (1684-99), 
330; appointed commandant in Northwest (1685), 330; work 
among Indians, 330 ; presents ostensorium to De Pere mission, go, 
303, 66, frontispiece, 9, 347, 71, 3i8; persuades Ottawas to join 
French, 63,303; takes possession of Northwest for France (1689), 

66, 337; discovers lead mines (1693), BS* 3^1 losses, 32K>-33i; 
composes memoirs, 331; last years of, 331; death (1717)» 331 ; 



»0 JESUIT RELA TIONS Picarvlll4 

Perrot (continued) — 

biogrraphy» 320-321, 71, 322, 337. Value of writing;, i, 37; 

Mémoire published (1864; Tailhaa's ed), 55» 33i> 7X> as8^ ^:; 

cited, 8* 282, 285, 286, 290, 6, 328» 10, 321, 324» 3a6-397t I4> ^86^ 

Jd» 3^ 35» 292, 4J, 297> 45» 270, 8X> 269^ 88> 321. §8;» 2961 60, 

321, 61, 269, 66, 338, 71, 258, 281. 
Perryville, N. Y., Iroquois site near, 51, 294. 
Perseus» legend of, I9, 269. 
Persia, oriental country: king, 9, 89; revolutions in efopire, 49, 

203; French known in, 46, 241. 
Persil, 70, 65, 309, Ses Le Duc, F. 
Persimmons {Diospyros virginiana), species of fruit: Indian name 

for, 65, 73, 119, 263, 66, 229; compared to medlar, 6f, lift 66, 

229; bread made from, 64, 137, 278; in Mississippi valley, 65, 

73, 119, 66, 229. Trees, 59» 139. 312. 
Perthuis, Madeleine, marriage, 69, 306. 
Perthius, Pierre, pire: Montreal merchant, 70, 306» 
Perthuis (Pertuis), Pierre, HU: dealings with Detroit mìssÌMi, 70^ 

27-29; sketch, 306. 
Peru, S. A.: adjoins New Prance, a, 199; superstitions af natives, 

3, 145 ; liquor made from corn in, 1 1, 275 ; mines in, 18, S3, 69^ 

223; Jesuits begin missions in (1568), 61, 269; mi^t oC 66^ 8QQb 

3i3f 316. 
Peskatigwet. See Piscataqua. 

Pests (pestilences). See Epidemics, Fevers, and SmallpooL 
Petard, Montagnais fire, 68, 95. See also Artillery, amd ^^vm^ 
Petau, Julien, marriage, 30, 159, 304. 
Petikouchkaouat, Lazare, Algonkin convert: sickness and. death, 

19, 15-17. 
Petit, , royal secretary, 11, 29. 

Petit, ' , owns ship^ 49> 161 ; at Quebec, gi, 147. 

Petit. See Le Petit, Louis. 

Petit, Joseph, son of Pierre : death, jf, 43. 

Petit, Pierre : tenant of Jesuits, 30, 201-203 ; burial of son, 3f» 43. 

Petit-cap (Beaupré), church of Ste. Anne at, 44, 93, gx» 95-97.; Iro- 
quois depredations at, 45, 155. See also Beaupré and Ste. Anne de 
Beaupré. 

Petite école, at Quebec, 60, 320. 

Petit séminaire. See Quebec: ecclesiastical and educational 

Petite Nation (Ouaouechkairini, Ouaouechkairiniouek : Algon- 
quian), Freçch appellation of Algonquian tribe, 8, 75, 9, 251, 
y^, 12, 231, 14, 273, 15. 153. 16, 43. 18, 259, 49, 173; Algonkin 
appellation, 5, 303; location, 5, 291, 14, 225, 18, 229, ji, 117; Ian- 



] INDEX 281 

guagc, 44, 251 ; nomads, 15, 153. Rivers named for, f, 291, iS, 
358. Hostilities with Iroquois, 8, 59^ 9, 65, 30, 187, 34, 55; pro- 
pose alliance with Sillery Indians, jo, 167; trade with Algonkins» 
37» 97- Frenchman killed 1^, g, 223, 241 ; at French settlements, 
19, 183, ao, 259» 30, 281. 

Pedtpré. See Jesuits: donnés. 

Petite Racine, an Ottawa : envoy to Iroquois, 64, 27. 

Petition, of habitants to governor, 30, 183 ; fine imposed for present- 
ing; 63, 199^ 

Petrichtich, Pierre Antoine, dM, 7, 77, 83. See Pierre Antoine. 

Petroleum, found in Quebec province, 8, 289. 

Petun, Indian name for tobacco, 6, 330, 97, 271, aç, 157. See also 
Tobacco. 

PXTUNS (Dinondadies ; Etionnontarehronnons, Khionontatehronons, 
Tionnontatehronons : Huron; Hurons of Tionnontate; Tobacco 
Nation, Nation du Petun, Tobacco Hurons: Fr.), Huron-Iroquois 
tribe, 14, 28s ; prigin and meaning of name, i, 22, 8, 304, 10, 325» 
'O, 43, 38, 335* See also Wyandots. 
Location: before dispersion, i, 21-22, f, 279^ xo, 145, 324, x8, 233. 

M, 43, 308, 91, 317, ^3, 3^6, 33> 61, 38, a35 ; at St Michel, 44> $H; 

beyond Mississippi (1660), 45, 235; at Chequamegon Point, 50^ 

^07, 34, 167, 83, 97; in Ottawa village (1667), gx» 21; on Mackinac 

Island, 88» i59r i^, 86, 115; present, 8> 279- 
Popniaiion, etc: Population — Wolf tribe of, 10, 326; villages, 

19, 269; at Markinac, (1673) 87» 249, (1679) 61, 103. Language 

— same as Huron, B, 115, ao, 43, 41, 77; preserved among Wyan- 
dots, 8, 304. Characteristics"— cultivate tobacco, i, 22, 17, 165, so, 
43, 38, ass; practice tattooing, i, 279; sedentary (villages), 19, 
269. Deity oi 10, 195. Relics of, in Ontario museum, g» ^gy; fa* 
mine among; 46, 143; history, g, 279^ 71, 294. 

Relations with other tribes: trade with other tribes, x, 22. Al- 
gonquian tribes take refuge with, 44, 245-247, 46, 69^ 143. Hurons 

— kindred and allies of, x, 21-22; trade with, ig, 155; Hurons 
take refuge with, x, 26, 34> ^3> ^23, 251, 38> 81. Iroquois — at- 
tacked and defeated by, x, 27, St ^79» 38> 107-117, 36, 181, 40^ I5-I9^ 
42, 197, 47, 149^ 36, 115, 267; remnants of, propose war against» 
38, 181 ; captive among, 49, 207; flee from, 40, 37p 4^, 79» 44» 324» 
45, 23& 243. «o, 307. Neutrals with, g, 279. 

Relations with French: Jesuits project mission to (1649), x8, 
247; Jesuits with, and missions to, x, 24, 8, 135, 290^ 307, 9, 313, 19» 
135, a5ft ^o, 43-^, ^i. 157. 177-185» «3, 179, 38, 107, 40, i& 45, 4«» 
73, 80, 307-311, 87» 349^ 61, 69^ 103; Jesuits slandered to^ X8, 21; 
send envoys to Jesuits, 57; desire Jesuits, 46, 69; Christians among; 
84, 167. Trade with, 4X, 77. 



282 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Pduvrat 

Peuvreti Jean Baptiste, sieur du Menu (Mesnu) : marriage^ 4S» 
270; land granted to, 270; goes to France, 107; member and sec- 
retary of supreme council, 270, 50, 207; death (1697), 45, 270; 
sketch, 270. 

Peuvret heirs, land belonging to, 71, 75. 

Pewarias, 66, 57, 5g. See Peorias. 

Pewter, utensils of, 50, 163. 

Pharmacognosy and pharmacy, books relating to, 71, 349-350. 

Pharmacopeias, 71, 350. 

Phaseolus vulgaris, indigenous to America, 9, 304. See aiso Beans. 

Pheasants, in Mississippi valley, 69, 145, 209. 

Philadelphia, Pa., 10, 328, 12, 270, 271, 43, 325, 69, 171; Jesuits 
at, 71, 43, 389. 

Philadelphia Numismatic and Antiquarian Society: Praceedmgs, 
dted, II, 275, 71» a8s, 347- 

Phill, — — , Detroit habitant: masses ordered by, 69, 259. See 
Philis. 

Philibert, , Capuchin, curé at Natchez: receives Jesuits, 

67, 3". 
Philibot, Joseph, in service of Jesuits, 69, 133, 137. 
Philip, King, appellation of Massachusetts chief Metacomet: war 

of, 36, 238, 60, 319. 
Philip IV. of France ("the Fair^), organizes Parliament of Pari\ 

a, 397. 
Philippau, Charles, marriage, 97, 314. 

Philippe 11. (Augustus), of France, rebuilds Ste. Geneviève, a» 

397. 
Philis (Phili, Phylis, Filis), 47, 301, 305, 319; departs for France» 

48, 237. See Desmoulins, Jacques. 
Phipps (Phips), Sir William, British officer: leads expeditioa 

against Quebec, 64, 274-275, 71» 5o8. 
Phleugny, Pierre de, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 135; sketch, 70, 83, 71» 

179. 
Phoenix, N. Y.: Onondaga fishing village at, 41, 255, 31, 293. 

Phoenix Sportsmen's Club (Seneca Palls, N. Y.) : rare specimen 

owned by, 56, 301. 
Phosphates, mined in Laurentian r^on, 9, 286^ 8, 269. 
Physic-nuts, 43» 3^- See Barbadoes nuts. 
Pialdmina (piakimine), 64, 278^ 6g, 73- ii7-»i> lapi I33*i35f ^3» 

66, 229. See Persimmons. 
Piat, Irenaeus, Récollet: cnvpy to Jesuits, 4, 260. 
Picar (Picard), 27, 93, 45, 155. See Garemand. 
Picard, Charles, 45, 95. See (vareman. 
Picard, Pierre: appointed deputy, 38, 185; marriage, 295. 



Piwra] INDEX 288 

"Picardie," term in French argot, 68, 237-229. 

Piccolomini, Francesco, Jesuit general, 38, 295; requested to al- 
low Lalemant to be made bishop of Canada, 36, 69-73. 

Pichibabich, an Algonkin: his child baptized, 6, 133. 

Pichichich, Adrien, Algonkin child: baptized, 6, 129. 

Pichon, Thomas: Hist, Caps Breton, 71, 258. 

Pichou du sud (tiger-cat), 39, 309. 

PickawiUany, Miami town and English trading-post: attacked by 
Ottawas, 69, 299. 

Pickaxes: Jognes finds, among Iroquois, 39t ^os'f oemanded by 
Natches, 68, 191. 

Pickerel, 71, 371. Sse Perch. 

Pickering, Charles: Chron, Hist, of Plants, cited, 3, 263, 6, 330» 

xi> 275» S3, 273, 89* 508, 71» 348* 
Pickering, John : RaWs Abnaki Dictionary, 67, 338» 71, 274. 
Picola F. ÌL, Jesuit: report on California missions» dted, 68, 

533. 

Picoté^ Hélène, marriages, 62, 273, 69, 293. 

Picquet (Piquet), François, Sulpitian priest: at La Présentation, 
69, 155 ; at Montreal, 195 ; in Fort William Henry ((jeorge) cam- 
paign, 70, 93; rescues English captive from Indian^» 195; biogra- 
phy, 66, 31g, 69, 295, 71» 334; monument to, 382. 

Pictography and picture-writing. See Indians: social and econ- 
omic life. 

Pictou, N. S.: copper at, 3, 296; history (of county), 71, 309- 

Pictures, religious: illuminated, 3^» 67; gilded, §1, 115» 8^f I07; 
on Tellum, 32, 67; engravings, 67, 323-325. Used 1^ mission- 
aries (see Jesuits: methods of instruction). See also Images. 

Piékwagami, 68, 55. See Lakes: St John. 

Pierrart (Pierard, Pierart), Cermain, Jesuit brother, 71, 135; 
sketch, 159. 

Pierre, Attikamègue convert: piety, 37, 225-227. 

Pierre, Brother, 30, i73> 3^» ^» 34> 65, 4S, 59- See Feauté. and 
Masson. 

Pierre, a Frenchman: I. Accompanies Baird, 4t 91. H* Assists at 
mass, 32, 73. 

Pierre, Huron convert: L 21, 289. II. Baptized, 24, 115; at Sil- 
lery, X19. 

Pierre, Huron youth ; baptism, 15» 89> 103. 

Pierre, Jesuit engagé: abandoned by Indians, 8, 81. 

Pierre, Montagnais convert: piety, 53» 79-^1. 

Pierre, Souriquois convert : constancy, 30, 129. 

Pierre Blanche, Etechemin port, b» i87- 



284 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Pienw 

Picrron, Jean, Jesuit, 50, 211, 51, MS, I47, 219, «i, S^ i» Mi. 
•3> 231, 71, 135; visits English colonies, 50, 3^3, h% 73. 307; 
pronounces final vows, 51, 147; journey to Agnié» 179-187; in 
Mohawk mission, 5a, 53, 117, 53, 137; corresponds with Love 
lace, 5a, 139, 262; paints religious pictures, 1 19-123» 53, 203; 
sketch, 50, 323, 71, 150-151. Reports of Mohawk mission, 52^ 
117-141, 83, 137-239» 71, 196. Letter, cited, «i, 291, 71, 232- 

Pierson (Pierçon), Philippe, Jesuit, 50,219, 53.159» 6x»ii3>i43. 7'. 
135; arrives in Canada, 50, 215 ; teaches in Quebec college. 5X. 
147; in Huron mission, 59, 71, 219; receives Marquette's booes^ 
203; sketch, 50, 327, 71, 151. Letter, 60, 209-211, 71, 199. 

Fiesa, rock-paintings on Mississippi, 59, 312. 

Pieskaret (Piescaret, Piescars; misprinted Dieskaret), Simon, Al- 
gonkin chief: conversion and baptism, 20, 281-2B7, 31, 267-269; 
piety, JO, 293; in war against Iroquois, 24, 25$, 259-263, a7, 231- 
233; speeches by, 239-241, 267; appointed to maintain pnbik 
peace, 31, 287; presents Iroquois captives to Montmagny, 34, 21; 
treacherously slain by Iroquois, 5, 290, 30, 235, 239; haa presenti- 
ment of death, 247. 

Pigarouich, Estienne, Algonkin medicine-man, I3, 9^ 17, sg, 249; 
disputes with Le Jeune, 11, 251-269; forsakes his art, 14, 133, 16, 
157-159; goes to Sillery, 14, 275; conversion and bapttsm, 16, 
149-1(^,13, 189^ S5, 249; piety, lé, 31, 18, I7i, I9i. «4. 45-55; 
zeal, 18, 95, 193, Jg, 249; his Christian marriage, 16, 167; apos- 
tacy» 2g, 249-251; abandons his wife, 145, 249; repentance, 251- 
259; relapse, 261; abandoned by tribesmen, 265, 271-273; repent- 
ance and penance, 275-281. 

Pigeons, wild, J» 155» 3. 81, 9» 65. 11, 81, 28, 145» 3», X53» 3^ I47> 
43» 153» 80» 63, 54» 189, 36, 49» 89. i8i ; abundance of, i, 953. 48. 
177» ^3» 109-111, 69, 145; destn^ grain, 48» 177; in Httron 
folk-lore, 10, 143, 2^. 

Pignalac, 3, 276. See Fisheries. 

?ignons delude (Jairopka curcas), medicinal use, 43. 3Ù3ê 3^6. 

Pig-nut, 43» 335. See Hickory. 

Pigs. See Swine. 

Pigwacket, 67, 332. See Pegouuki. 

Pigwagami, 59» 57* See Lakes: St. John. ^" 

Pijart, Claude, Jesuit, 12, 205. x8, 187, 23» 227, 4^» 397. 43» S5» 75. 
77» 44» B5, 95» 45» 123» 131» 159» 46, 163, 171, 189^ 47. ^5. 48. 227. 
231, 51, 145, 147, 71. 135; arrives in Canada, is, 193; at Qndbec 
hospital, 19, 11-13; instrucu Indian girls, 45-49; escapes from 
wreck, 63; at Sillery, 20, 309; labors with AlgonldnSp x8, 256, 
ao, 93, 23, 207, 233» 375, «7» 47, 55, 30, 109, 125 ; attends feast d 



PIIdU] index 23S 

the dead, ^3, 223; at Quebec, 30, 189; at Montreal, 3S, 19S; crii- 
idaes Qneylus, 43, 63 ; in charge of a congregation, 48, 241 ; at 
Quebec college, 60, 141; tnograpfay, is, 274, 71, 142, 227; obitu- 
ary letter on, 226; facsimile writing, 43, 62, 71, 212; as a 
linguist, 93, 207, J7, 55. iiort de Carreau, 42, 237, 71, 232. 
Pijart, Pierre, Jesuit, 8, 65, 9, 301, 10, 63, 8ft 11, 19, 137, w. 23- 
109-113, 195. ^05, 13, ft 21, 85, 87, 97, "9» "3, I2S, 151, 189, 193, 
207, 147, 151, 35, 43, 71, 135; at Three Rivers, 11, 135, 12, I9S- 
Wf '7, 8x; in Huron mission, 12, 217, 14, a3, 43-45» X5, 65, iii, 
201; bnflds mission residence at Ossossané, 14, 55, 57; visits 
Quebec log, 15, 141, 28, 183-185; disputes with medictne-maa, 
'9, T^f at Montreal, 30, 177; returns to Prance, 35, 53; 
sketch, 8, 290, 71, 140. Cited, 12, 227, 241 ; letters, 14, 59^, 73- 

75, ^35-a35>- 
Pike (iSsh), 6, 271, 9, 167, 10, 181, 31» «Si, 43, I47, 4«, 173, 50, 27, 

88> 157» Sé, 121, 181, 59, 47» M, ^ift M, 299; totem of Ottawa 

dan, 54, 305; superstition regarding, 9, 119. 
Pike^ Warburton: Barren Ground of Northern Canada, cited, 60, 

314 7«, 34». 

Pikousitesinacnt, station on Hudson Bay route: meaning of name, 

S6, 179. 

Pfiet (Pilme, Pillette), "big:" dealings with Detroit mission, 69, 
271-273» 70, 63; orders masses said, 45, 63, 71. 

Pilet, Jacques, sketch, 70, 308. 

Pilet, Jean Baptiste, sketch, 70, 308. 

Pilet, Joseph, sketch, 70, 308. 

Pilgrimages : to Loreto, Italy, 18, 256^ 60, 73 ; N. D. de Lorette, g& 
ISA «♦, *l, 60, 73, 95-103, 62, 257, 64, 49; Sillery, 47, 299. 60, 73; 
grave of Tegakwita, 62, 276, 6g, 31-33 ; other shrines, 19, 65, Jé^ 
201 ; Jérusalem, 11, 276. See also St. Anne de Beaupré. 

Pilinski, , supplies facsimile of title-page^ 3, 286. 

Pillex. , Jesuit, mentioned bj Connor, 68, 319. 

PilMng; IftflMs C: Bibliographies of Indian languages, cited— >^i- 
g a nq t a M, g, 281, 284, 57, 3i9b 71, m ; Iroquoion, g, 273, S, ^84. 
71, Hi; Siouan, 22?. "Catal. Ling. MSS.," 71, 224-22$. 

nioty, tmtmment of punishment, 38, a2i. See Carcan, and Penal- 
ties. 

PiloCOis (Piftotoua, PiloCoys, Pirotois), Basque appellation of medi- 
cfaie-fllan, 1, 167, 2, 151, 295, 3, ti9b 8, 2S7: practice magic, 3* X3t- 
133. See also Indians : medicine-men. 

Pilots, 36,97, 38,227, 49, 163,221-225; La Saussaye's, 2,259 — iden 
tificd, 3tO (see also Le Bailleur) ; at mouth of Mississippi, 69, 
205 ; royal, 32, 312 ; mock baptism by, on St. Lawrence, 267. 



286 JESUÌ T RELA TIONS [Ptmiaidcwaoiilcli 

Pìminakwaouich, Alexis, Algonkin convert: pions death, jb, 313- 
215. 

Pinar, Louis, sails for France, 35, 53. 

Pine, 7, 79, 107, 8, 157, 9. 167-169, iS, 149^ «S, 113, 37, 33, 35, 53, 39. 
107, 131, 217, 46, 279^ 49> ^5» SS, ii9r 69, 813, 85; in Indian inytii- 
ology, 10, 15s, M, 270. 

Pinel, Gilles : attacked by Iroquois, 36, 121 ; sketch, 246. 

Pinci, Nicolas: slain by Iroquois, 36, 121, 246; sketch, 246. 

Pinet, François (Pierre), Jesuit, 64, 139» 71, 135; arrives in Can- 
ada, 64, 147, 279; at Chicago^ 65, 61, 71, 399; Gravier asks for his 
reinstatement there, 65, 55 ; sketch, 64, 278^ 71, 158. 

Pinette, ^ Jesuit, desired by Le Jeune for Canada mission, é, 

67. 
Pinette, Jean, Jesuit provincial of France^ 94, 249^ 3s, 233-235, 59, 

65. 
Pingeolet, 1 rector of Jesuit college at Rouen, 38, 187. 

Pinguet, Françoise, marriage, 8, 312, 12, 275, S7, 97. 

Pinguet, J., Quebec notary, 71, 93, 95. 

Pinguet, Louis Henri, 12, 217, 27, 97, 43, 67; sketch, is, 27s. 

Pink (flower), Indians indifferent to its odor, 44, 279. 

Pinnaces, in English fleet, 66, 189. S€€ also Ships. 

Pins, requested in various invoices, 49, 209, fi, 115, ss, 109^ 66^ 

27. 
Piot, Suzanne, marriage, 69, 294. 

Piouaroua, 65, 157. See Peorias. 

Piquet. See Picquet. 

Pipes. See Catlinite, Cîalumet, and Tobacco pipes. 

Pipestone, red; quarries, 59, 310, 60, 321, 71, 284; ooatroUed by 
lowas, 60, 203, 312. 

Piponette, Baptiste, Detroit habitant: dealings with mlsiion, 69, 
261. 

Pipounoukhe, Algonkin winter-spirit, 6, 161, 173. 

Pirates, 29, 31, 46, 293; on high seas, s, 273, 4, 265; in English 
Channel, 2, 31 ; at Fayal, 271 ; at La Rochelle, 4, 264; in British 
ports, 265, 31, loi; at Tadoussac, 38, i75-i77; in Newfoundland, 
4, 265; their depredation, 177, 264-265, 8, 61, 36» 97» cnétj, $M9 
59. Piracy — restrained t^ Lord Baltimore, 5, 277; commercial 
companies to restrict, 21, 318; hanging as penalty, 3, 292, 29, 31. 

Piraubé, Martial, notary at Quebec: acts in play, 18» §7» 257; 
sponsor in baptism, 24, 11 1. 

Pire (''partridge"), a man's name, 29, 213. 

Pirogue, a boat, 65, 73, "5, 161, 175. 66, 69, 67, 251, 277. 279, S99> 
301, 321, 68, 173, 179, 217, 221; described, 66, 259; wood used in 



PkMU] INDEX 2S7 

makiiig^, 69, 61 ; French travel in, 67> ^7% ^65» ^^ a9l3> ^97» 30^« 
315» 319» 69, 189; freight carried by, 70, 35; prices, 21, 99. 5«« 
o/jo Coooes, and Kayaks. 

Pirotois, J, aps. See Pilotois. 

Pirouakki, Abenaki chief: piety, 60, 239-343. 

Piscaret, 37, 79^ 8z. See Pieskaret 

Piscataqua (Peskatigwet), 36, 242; Druillettes at, 97-99; his- 
tory, 243, M» 3Û9- See Kittery, Me., and Portsmouth, N. H. 

Piscatoways, a tribe in Maryland: location, 62, 27a; captive imong 
Iroquois, 59. See Gannaouens, amd Kanawhas. 

Pisikiou, 59, Z09-1Z3. See Cattle, wild 

Piskatangs, Algonquian tribe: at Three Rivers, 45, 105. 

Pistacia Uniiscus, habitat and product, 49, 276. 

Pistol, 20, 191, 26, 163, go, 63, 62, 69. See Firearms 

Pitch (prodtict of pine), 34, 29, 35, 143; of Burgundy, 49, 207; ar- 
rowheads ^tened with, 15, 245. 

Pitch (mineral). See Bitumen. 

Pitch Rock, Wis.: seen by Allouez, 60, 155; identified, 320; cf. 
163. 

Pitcher-plant (Sarracenia purpurea), only Canadian q^ecies, éy, 
33Sw 

Pitchibootounibudc, misprint for Pitchiboureniwdc, gè, 203. 

Pitchibourenik, northern Algonquian tribe: location, 4g» 229^ gè, 
203; trade with Hurons and Nipissiriniens, 4g, 229. 

Pitt, Moses: BngUsh Atlas, 71, 364. 

Pittman, Philip, English officer: Mississippi Settkmenis, dted, 70, 

3i7f 71» as». 
Pittsburg, Pa., 69, 297; site of Fort du Quesne, 2, 299. 
Pius Vn pope: negotiations with Catholic princes, 61, 269. 
Pivert, Nicolas, settler at Beaupré, 9, 311. 

Plaœntia (Plaisance), N. F., 47, 317; origin of name, 2, 293; pil- 
laged by pirates, 4, 265 ; ceded to England, 67, 207-209. 
Pfaigue: in France, 34, 229; ravages Marseilles. 6S, 325 — infection 

brought among Montagnais, 77; among Hurons, 3S> 3i« 91; 

among French at Hudson Bay, 64, 263 ; in T^oaisiana porta, 72, 18. 

See oiso Epidemics, Fevers, and Smallpox. 
Plains of Abraham, 8, 296, zi, 278; origin of name, 2S, 314» 32» 3x2; 

battle on, 79, 312. 
Plaisance (Prssentis), 2, 293; name mispronounced bf Indiaiis, 

^» 7» 309* •S'^^ olso Placentia. 
Plante, Rev. E. G., Quebec- collector of Canadiana, 41, 252; edits 

Relations, z, 42. 
Plants: sent to Illinois from France, 69, 145; economic; used by 



JESUIT RELA TIONS 



Pknti <0MtiiNml)«-> 
Ojibwas, 7%, 547; inediciiial, 349; woHcs rebting to^ 34^549- 
"UnÎTcrs^ plant," medicinal use of, 43, 259 {set ébo Stssafha). 

Plassan, Pierre: arrives in Canada, #6, 195; marnate and éeath, 

345. 

Plassez, , surgeon: captured by Iroquois, 37, 113. 

Plaster of Paris : origin of term> S, 311. 

Plastering; cost otf, 70, 31. 

PkMMn, ^MHted by Jesuits, é6, 29. 

Plastrier (Plâtrier), , French sea-captain: «1 8t €Mx 

River, 3, 27, 3, 199; captufed by English, a, 31- A 47; v^ 

Bienoourt, 3, 901, 235. 
Platanus occidentalis (American qrcuaore), 69, 097. 
" Plate," name of a dog, J^, 1991 
Platcasr k; Que^ 19, «69. 5« « Platon. 
Plates (for table use), gi, in, M, ^9; materials, ig, ig^k fg^ i<ii3. 

51, 113; value of wooden, in Huronia, 15, 159. 
FlatMhalHBne, Algonldn convert, baptized, 46, 135. 
Platon, le, headland on St. Lawrence, 19, 61 ; etymology of finrd, 

■6ftr 4«r «S5« 
Piati coiés, term explained, 67, 285. 

Platter, wooden, i»ed by Indians, 39, IS7; gtme oC 17, flgt (arr 
gBmca--^sh). 
play. See Drama. 
Pleimot, 3x> 189, 205, 38, 35. See Plymouth. 
Pki—i BrtMny, Ursnlmc convent at, 93t ^* 
Plessis, J. O., Quebec ecclesiastic: preaches, 71, in; dfieiâl foata, 

385. Letter «a Marehand, 71, 16» 109-03, 907, 38s. 
PleuriQF, M, 9S, 97, 187, 94i fl3> 81. 37» B3, 99* 86, 27S> ft» nh 88» 

161, 60, 59t 61, 68, 67, 309. 
Plcyawntli» 49, 81, 83. 5"^^ Plymouth, Eng. 
Pleymonth (Plaimot, Plcynot, Pleymouct» PleymMMhf FHgMwt, 

W i gWMtli , Plyweootfa), 36» 77, 79. Ss, 9». 95» 9ft Wt, ns-t89k i4«. 

J7f <59> See Plymouth, Mass. 
Fii^r» LttÎR anMlior : cited, i, 83. 
Plows, 40, m, 70, 31, 67, 69; pAit» of, 51 ; plowéliare, 31, $h 87-- 

mm ê t ét 19. Pint m Canada, 4, fl88,- prices, 7#, gft 
Plum (Prunus), 9, 155» 38, 243» 40, 127, 55. I9S. 9^ TÈ^ lfi% V9, 

Mr »3» 85. 73. éé, 227; where found, I, 73. ^. >9ft 43. «57» 48, 

165, gì, 121 ; white, 59. i49; black, 84. I37; of Ctaadft, deflcrihed, 

8, 17; excelkaoe of native fruit, 5, 99; stones, naed in game rd 

dish, 10, 187-189, 17, Ml. 
Plnm^akc, compared to Indian food, 16, 259. 



FotatoJ INDEX 



Plumei^ used as ornaments, 68, 137, 145, 157, 191. 

Plusb, silk» given to Indian chief, 15, 233. 

Pljmioiith (Plimouth), Eng.: capttured French ships taken to^ 40» 

8x4(3; Marest imprisoned at, 66, 67. 
Plymouth (ête also Pleymouth), Mass., 36, 99, xoi; ag^ 240; 

tribe near, 60, 319; Pilgrims land at, i, vii; Druiilettes at, 36, 77, 

Plymouth colony, 36, 85, 23S, ^39; comprises twenty villages» 040; 
status in confederation, 109; colonists from, settle Connecticut, 
243; Winslow its English agent» 23g; its proprietary dues» 99i 
107; Kennebec Indians within its territory, 79-81, 91» 99^ X07» M^l 
friendly to French, 91, 95, 99; asked to aid French against Mo- 
hawks» 79; declines French alliance, 9, 30$. 

PlyoKNith Company» posts of, on Penobscot» 2» apa, 8» a97. 

Plymouth Harbor (Mass)» J, 305. 

Pocoflaptnk (Pagamptagwe), name of Indian village and inhabitants : 
promise to aid French against Iroquois, 36, 101-103. S^e else 
Pagamptagwe. 

Podophyttum ptltatum. Set May apple. 

Poictevin» , secretary of Louis XIII., 6, 31. 

Pointel» Jean, French ship-captain: at Quebec, 37, los, 38» 197; shi^ 
of, clears for France, 45» 165. 

Points (Pointes), skes of settlements» etc: Aux Allouettesy effect» 
of earthquake at, 48» 49. American, fort near, 68» 335. Des 
Betsiamiotttes (Bersiamites), seal-hunting at, 69, X09. A la Biche, 
Bonnécan4>s takes altitude at, 69, 195. Des Cèdres» Choron doub- 
les» #9, 151. Chequamegon (Chagaouamigong, St. Esprit) — Indi- 
ans at» 5S> âOî, 54* 151* 1^-1691 X77> aû7> 3i3> 58> 97* X35i 86, 115, 
57> ^Sh àa, 211 ; Ottawas and Hurons abandon, f 8» 171» 06» X17 ; 
lUiant trade at, 88*^07; church at, 8^*aoi; seat of upper missions» 
203; calumnies revived at, 8^>57 (^^^ olso Jesuits) ; copper fòtmd 
makr» 84> I49; see also Bays: Cheqtumiegon, and St. Esprit Claire, 
Céloron at» 69, 151. Coupée— location» 68> 125; fort at» 68, 187; 
French g ani so u at, 70, ^. A h Croix — seal hunting at, 69, xai ; 
French at, 133. Detour (Cap), location» 54, 199. Diamond (de 
Diamante^ aux Diamans), origin of name, g, 87» iBi; see Capes: 
Diamond. De Lauzon — ships anchor near, 36» 145; settlement 
a^ ^7i 95« A Leri, Gravier at, 63, 171. Levi — Jesuits officiate 
at, 33, 83, 43, 133; Iroquois captured near, 155, 46, 89. 
Aux Lièvres, Jesuits keep cattle at» 6, 71, j8, 317. De 
Montreal (Sandwich, Out.) — Huron mission at, 69, 3QS» 
7^, 67. Mobile ("the Cap ^*) —- mission at, 66» 135; French 
vessels at, 137. Des Monts, 71, 59; former name^ 49» 375; loca- 



S40 JESUIT RELA TIONS 

Poiiits (oontmacd) — 
tkm, 375; aaflors drowned at, 171 ; Indians rendezvcras at, 71, 57; 
see also Motintams: Moots Pdez. Pdée, Bonnécamps takes aid- 
tode at, 69, 195. Platon (Cap a l'Arbre, q. v^ Pointe Ste. Croix) 

— early name, 3, 306, la, 275; Cartier at, 3, 306; described, 19, 
269; shallops anchor near, 43, 135; Iroquois at, 45, 97. De 
Puiseau, Jesuit lands abutting on, 71,79. Ste. Croix {see ehcve 
Platon). St. Esprit {see above Chequamegon). St. Ignace, Micfa. 

— mission at, i, 34, 3x7; Marquette buried at, 71, 150. Aux Trem- 
bles — granted to Bourdon, 11, 278; Jesuit lands abutting on» 
71, 77. Varwood — site of Ossossané, 34» 252-353; sketch o( 

8» 105, 71. 317. 

Poisons: Indians accuse French of using, 3, 105, 12, 237, 13, 147; 
Jesuits accused of using, 14, 99^ IQ3, 253 ; French sdl, to Indiana» 
3* 105 ; used on arrows, 8, 302, 41, 83 ; Indians use, 10, 205» 209^ li, 
245» lai. 7» 15» 13, ISS-157» M» 75» 47» I47 ; punishment «or using; 
8, 123; 10, 233» 13» hi; suicides bjr, among Indiana, 27, 59^ 
18, 27-2ft 19, 173, 43» 271. 

Poisson, Barbe, marriages, 28, 316, 36, 247. 

Poisson, François. See Jesuits: donnés. 

Poisson, Jean: assists at mass, 32, 73; marriage, 312: wounded 
bjr explosion of cannon, 36, 129; pursued by Iroquois, 149; cap- 
tured by Iroquois, 32, 312, 37, 113, 38, 59; sketch, 3'» 3i3- 

Poisson, Jeanne. See Pompadour, marquise de. 

Poisson doré. See Perch. 

Poissons blancs, French appellation of Algonquian tribe^ 30, 193; 

^, 37» 137» 139» 40, 235, 43» 35» 51» 53» 44» aoi, 237» 48. KOS» l$h 

46. 209, SI, sa 8^» 227, 56, X57> See Attikamègues. 
Poitevin, , curé of St. Josse» Paris : Laval writes to^ gs, 43- 

SX ; interest in Canadian missions, 43. 
Poitiers, France, 28, 245, 60» 322, 67, 335; Ursulines at, 2f, 223; 

publications at, 28, 314, 29, 294. 
Poitou, Prance, zi, 278, 69, 65, 70, 310; thread made in, 27, 

59^65. 
Pokanc^cet, Algonquian tribe of New England ; chief ot em, 319; 

hostile to English, 319. 
Poland» European country: French in, 46, 241; inhabitants of, at 

Fort Orange, 31, 99; hinguage ot translations into, ig, 249^ M, 

331. 
Polar star, Huron name for, 14, 83. 

Pde, altitude of, in southern Canada, 50, 245. 

Poles. See Poland. 

Poligny, , sponsor in baptism, 70, 73. 



Poooet] INDEX 241 

PoUet, Marie, marriage, 63, 305. 

Pollux, Greek author, cited, 10, 327. 

Poly gaia Senega, a plant: specific for snake bite, 59, 306. 

Polygamy, la, 151; practiced by chiefs, 3, 23, 79, 229; evils, 229; 
causes, 3, xoi-103; Indians ding to^ 149; obstacle to &ith, aa, 
69; Jesuits forbid, 24, 25, 57, 2x7; converts renounce» 99, i6s» 

52, 181, 63, 167; forbidden to Indians, 44, 105; at N. D. de Lor- 
ette, 60, 53; forbidden to Iroquois converts, 58, 77; rare at Da^ 
vion's mission, 65, 129. Among tribes — Abenakis, as, 141, 38, 
37, 4i> 62, 49- Algonkins, 11, 177-181, 265. 14, I33» I43-I45t 16, 
41, 137, 145-147, 165, ao7, i8, 95. 99, 125, 207, M, IS7, M, 115, 
25, 147-^9» ^7* 39^ ^9> 95* 103, 3i, 257-261, 269^ 33, 55* 4X, 183; 
northern and upper Algonkins, 30, 267, 37, 43, 59» ^W, 56, 133, 
215, 61, 127, 66, 97, m; not found among certain northern Al- 
gonkins, 53, 89. Etechemins, 60, 263-265. Poxes, 54, 219» 223, 
55, 221, 58, 49. Illinois, 59, 127, 65, 67, 175. Iroquets, 25, 267. 
Iroquois, 42, 139» I47, 5i, 125-127, 53, 49- Kaskaskias, 60, 
i6x. Kickapoos and Kitchigamich, 54, 233. Kiskakons abolish. 
5 J, 207. Micmacs (Souriquois), i, 165, 173. Missisaguas, 57, 
215. Montagnais, 20, 209, 24, 139, 35, 279, 37, 217, 221, 63, 249^ 
6S, 53. Hatches, 65, 135, 68, 143. Nipissings, ^7, 55. Ot- 
towas, 48, 117, 127, 50, 271, 303-305, 51, 21, 56, 113, 57, 2H, 235, 
229-231. Papinachois, 53, 85; Papinachoss do not practice, 49, 

53. Pottawattomies, 51, 27. Sacs, 57, 277, 281, 287. Sauteurs, 

55, 131. 

Polyodon spatula: identified, 59, 309; in Mississippi, iii, 309; de- 
scribed, hi; French name, 309. 

Polytheism, in Indian belief, 5, 285-286. 

Pombal. See Carvalha 

Pomegranates, in Mississippi valley, 58, 99. 

Ponunier, , secular priest at Québec, 51, I45* 

Pompadour, Jeanne Poisson, marquise de, favorite of Louis XV.: 
Maurepas writes epigram upon, 67, 343; hostile to Jesuits, j% 

313. 
Pompey, N. Y., Iroquois site near, 8, 299. 
Pompey Center, N. Y., Iroquois site near, 8, 299, 51, 294. 

Ponamo, a fish: identified, 3, 297; spawns in December, 83- 

Ponce Pilate, an Iroquois : intoxicated, 67, 69. 

Poncet, Giarles Jacques : Ì 'oyage ^Eihiop%e, 66, 301. 

Poncet, Joseph Antoine, Jesuit, 71, i35; official pontiooa, 399; 

sails lor Canada (1697), I59; sketch, 159. 
Poncet, Antoine (Joseph Antoine, Joseph Anthony), de la Rivière^ 

Jesuit, 45, 115, 71, 135; arrives in Cftnada (1639), '5, 199, V>f 



JESUIT RELATIONS 



Poncet (continued) — 
7X> 599; in Huron mission (1639-40), 15, 201, 350; at Indian 
council, 229; at French settlements (1640-57), 15, 250, JO, 263, 

M, 41, 313, ^4» 219, 235» 24i> 253» 35, 57'59> 37. 9S» 43» 59; 
gives relics to C. Carnier, 31, 369; officiates, 35, 61, 42, 2S9^ 43» 
31; preaches, 36, 115; Iroquois capture (1653), i, 28; K5, 2$^, 
Z^, 119^ 40, III, 1 19-123, 171, 187, 191, 256, 42, 296; Iroquois 
torture, i, 28, 15, 250; Iroquois despoil, 43, 273; Iroquois re- 
lease and commission to negotiate peace (1653), i, 28; is» 25a 

3«, 193-197, 4«» 141-155. 159-161, 191-195» 4i| 43-47, 8$, «S^; aids 
a widow, 40, 119; illness, 42, 261 ; gifts to Quebec parish church, 
289; inaugurates Congregation of Our Lady (1657), 43, 29; 
goes to Onondaga (1657), 55; in Jesuit-Sulpitian controversy, 
15,250; returns to France (1657), 250, 43,59; at Lorette, 15*250; 
at Martinique, 250; death (i^5), 250; sketch, 250, 71, 144. 

Pone, origin of, 40, 255. See also Ash-cake, and Johnny cake. 

Ponfar, Benoit (Benoist), makes contract with Jesuits, 2S» 229. 

Ponkas, Siouan tribe: migrations, 64, 279-280; superstitions re- 
garding pregnant women, 9, 306. 

Pons, Antoinette de. See De Guercheville, Mme. 

Pont-à-Mousson, France: university of, 46, 155, 298; church at, 

5«, ITS. 
Pontbriand (Ponbriand), Henry Marie du Breuil de, sixth and 

last bishop of (Canada under French régime: appointed bishop 
(1741), 69, 286; at Lorette, 63; banishes La Ville Angevin, 237; 
attitude towards Jesuits, 237, 70, 245-247; consecrates Récollet 
church, 69, 237; complains of Toumois's recall, 237; appoints 
Jesuit superior vicar-general at New Orleans, 70, 259-261 ; errors 
of, in ecclesiastical calendar, 71, 45; retires to Sulpttian monas- 
tery at Montreal, 69, 286; death (1760), 286, 71, 388; sketch, 
69, 286. Description , . , de la misère, 69, 286. 

Pontchartratn, Louis Phdypeaux, comte de, 64, 109^ Z13, 67, 332, 
343; offices under French government, 64, 277; opposed to grant 
of Sillery to Jesuits, 66, 47, 72, 16; Bouvart writes to, 66, 43-47; 
retires to private life (1714), 64, 277; interest in religion» 277, 66, 
39-41; death (1727), 64, 277; character, 277; sketch, 277. 

Pont de Courlai. See Wignerod. 

Ponte (Dupont), de. See La Pnente, Louts de. 

Pontgravé. See Du Pont, Robert. 

Pontgravé (Pont; du Pont, dit Oravé; Pont Gravé), François, fur 
trader: De Monts's lieutenant, i, 305, 2, 221, 291, 307; trading 
voyages, i, 4, 2, 307 ; explorations, 300, 305 ; sketch, 307. 

Pontiac, an Ojibwa, instigator of conspiracy against Bngliah: con- 



PiQfMUia] INDEX 



spirapy, IO, 328» 70, 317, 71, 260, a88; EUiolt dtacrikas Folkr's 
connection with, 69» 283; headquarters, 308; arrest of sympathi- 
zers, 70, 305. 
Foot Netti Su Paris. 

Pook, Eng.: mayor of, writes to privy council, 4, 265. 
Poor, John A. : Vindication of Gorges, cited, a» ^97- 
Popes» history, 71, 298. 5e« atro the several popes. 
Pophan^ Me^p history, 71, 313. 
Popkam Memorial, cited, 2, 292, a, 207. 

Popham, Sir Francis, son of John : sends trading and ishing ves- 
sels to Kennebec, 2, 292. 
Popham, Sir John: member of Plymouth Company, 2,290; lounds 

Colony (1607), 292, 71. 313- 
Poplar, a tree» B^t 298; French*Canadian appellation for, 47, 315. 
Popple, Henry, map of British empire, 71, 364. 
Poquauhock, 8, 313. See Wamptmi. 
Poquelin, , residence of, 65, 41. 

Porceau, appellation of Indian, 57» 293. 

PoBC«LAZN, a, 259f 273, 69, 71 ; origin and application of temw 8» 
312. Value of, to Indians, 5, 6z, 8, 269^ 312, 36, 215, ga, 187; 
value in heaver-skins, 103. As ornaments» i, 281, 44, 289, 79» 9s- 
97» 140^ i8S; ia barter, 7, 217» ", 189; as money, % 175, 281, 
Tf-lf 77$ sa» Z17; as presents, xo, 177» 18, m, M* S^ ^f lA^ 
4a, 43, 46, 225, 47» 85, go, I37> %^> ^if 227-229» 23$» 29^295* 
54» 35» ^» IQ5; buried with d^d, xo, 265; in ceremMiial inter- 
oonrse, xn, 2^\ as ransom, 30, 247; Iroquois exact tribute in, 
aé, 10$; as religious offering, 44, a55; as alms, ga» 129; idol 
adorned with, g7, 277; Indians pledge, 6a» 87; used in coUar, 
67, i6s; sold at Detroit mission, 69, 265; history, 8, 319-314. 
Beêde: xo, 165, 217, 221, 293, xg, 151» X4» loi, 245, aa» aii» a^, 
i^ ^ê» 185, 243» 57» 47; material made oU ax, 201, a8» a^i» ^; 
varieties of, na, 31S» 54» ii3> 70^ ^i ; valn^ 5, 61» X4» i^ J8, tji, 
283, Mf a66» 41« 171 ; as presents, X4, 21, 27, xg, 37, 97» 947» 281» 
267» 98, ?S, 243, 99» 57» 87» 47» 75» 88, 283, 40, 131-133» 1^7» 207» 
49, 77-79» «7» 185. 189, 48» 37-39» I47» 44» 77» 103» I9i, aS5» «87» 
48» 119» 54» 9S 57» 55; as ornaments, X4, 163, xg, I5S» 44» 987» 
291, 69, 179^ 68, 265; as money, xg, 37; as insignia of rank» 203; 
image of sun worked in, 49, 39; offered to fetish, xy, 2091; placed 
in drum or rattle, 90, 306; placed in grave, 94, 173; Jestiks use, 
go» 175; as ransom, 39» 77» 40, 139; as religious offering, by con- 
verts, 4X, 165, 54, 299» 6x, 107, 115; sorcerer finds, 49, 19g; as 
alms, g8, 141; transactions in, at Detroit mission, 69, 247, 259» 
975» 70, 21, 27* 41» 47. See also Beads. 



244 JESUIT RELATIONS [Pomlaln-nuikeffs 

Porcelain (continued) — 

Collars, ite: collars or necklaces, 9, 281, 10, og, 75, 81, 135, i97> 
371, 289-291» 397, 303, IJ, 347, 13, «9, 16, 205, 17, «9, J6, 227, 
33> 161, I93i 40, 91* i^t 307, 44» 73» 45» 9i> 5X» ^07, S3f 263» 9^9, 
58, 185, i^, 63, 87, 205, 70, 97» 149» 185; size, 17, 205, 33» 103; 
varieties of colors in, 40, 205, 54, 113; valued by Indians, 17, 
205, JO, 223, 23, 221, 33» »3» 185» 34» 209, 35» ^S9f 3^» «5 ; Oyan- 
ders provide, 58, 185; r^^ded as deceased persons» 187. As 
marriage dowry, 14, 19; as satisfaction for injuries, loi; as pres- 
ents, 15» 179» 16, 157» »3, 18, 179-181, 20, 193, ai, 47, S3» 307, 
211, 2a, 269, 293, 23, 217, 25, 153» 363, 26, 159, 163, 27, 147. aS3- 
265» jS, 285» 29, 53-55. i^ 33» 131, 125, 34» 209» 35» 47» 165, 36, 
103, 133» 315» 319, 38, 175, 194» 40, 91» 187, 303-207, 41» 31, 47, 
51, 61, 71. loi, 111-115» 173» 43, 39» 49. 57» 95» 101-105, lift 169, 
191, 351-257, 43» 3ft 41, 57, 61, 65, 107, 165, 171, 175» 183, 1S9, 203- 
205, 215, a6ft 281, 313» 44» 87-8ft 99» 103, 125-127» I95» 207-aii, 
45» 87-8ft 161, 46, 22ft 47» 7h 79, 101-103, i8ft 49, 145. 347» 50, 
199. 53, 53» 183, 227, 235-337» 357» 53» 41» 113» 137» 343. 357, 375. 
281-283, 54, 39-41» 75» 113-115» 119, 55» 381-283, 301-303. 307» 56, 
35» 57. 57» 61-65, lOft 213, 255, 60, 35» 6j, 93, 103-105, 147. I5I-I53, 
32ft 63, 31. 81, 99, 64, 57-61, 65» 307, 337, 67, 33-35» 187; placed 
on captives, 15, 187, 53, 263; as stakes in gambling; 16, 197; 
as ornaments, 205, 22, 27ft 23, 217» 221, 26, 157» 55, 33, 5*. 173. 
57» 355, 67, 165; Iroquois cajole Hurons with, J9, 249; as ransom, 
30, 247; as religious offerings, by converts, 40, 235, 241, 41, 165- 
167, 171-175» 43» 339, 243, 58, 147-149» 60, 41, 75, 61, 47» 115» 141- 
143» 305, 63, 27, 31» 343; as sacrifice, 42, 197; Indians deqmiled 
of, 44» 73; AS legacy, 52, 257; Jesuit uses symbolically, 269-271; 
at intertribal council, 58, 189; in Indian rhetoric, 59, 267; con- 
verts send, to Prance, 61, 245-247, 271, 63, 29ft 69, 69; sent from 
Lorette to Sault St. Louis, 63, 193; buried with chief, 67, 157; 
dead bodies adorned with, J3, 217. Sticks — 11, 257, 40, 205. 
Strings— 13» 3ft 36, 316, 43» 57» 53, 363, 54, 37. Branches — 
meaning of term, 27, 315; as presents, 295, 69, 163; lent to Hu- 
rons, 247; sent to Caron, 261; used in trade at Detroit, 263. 
Bracelets — a8, 293, 31, 221, 33, 103. Crowns — 31, 321. 

Sei also Beads, Bracelets, amd Wampum. 
Porcelain-makers, appellation of Indian tribe: Iroquois hostile to^ 

• 50, 135. 

Porcupine (Brethigon dorsahu), Algonquian name for, go, 155; 
described, 6, 305-307; habitat, 271, 9, 165» X4, 387, 56, 155, 159. 
X7ft 183; in cold regions, 205; season for hunting, 6, 277, 7, 107, 
121, 145 ; method of hunting, 6, 305 ; hunted, 7, 47, 15ft 165, xi, 



Royal] INDEX S46 

au, 3^» aós, 369, 37, 185, 39> 113; used as food, J«, 27, 47f i7i ; 
parts of, used as charms, 6, ^3; superstition regarding bones, 
211, 215. Quills-^ as ornaments, x, 281, j, 294, 8, 261, xo^ 29r, 
17, 165, 44, 293, 53, 89, 6x, 271, ^2, 27, 31» 87, 68, 2Q3, 69. 69; 
as money, 8, 314; pouch embroidered with, 25, 125; uses, 40, 

Porcupines (Algonquian, Kakouchac, Kakouchakhi, Kakwazakhi; 
Fr^ Porc-épics), Montagnais tribe: origin and meaning of name, 
X4, 287, 56, 155; location, 14, 287, 24, 3". 46, 287, 304, f6, 
?55; population, 14, 287-288, 56, I55-I57; language, words apd 
pfaaases, 56, 155; disposition, 2X, 117; intercourse with other 
tribes, x8, 227; Iroquois hostile to, 14, 287, 56, 155; ask for 
instruction, X4, 225; faith preached to, 24, 155; mission to^ 
and Jesuits with, i, 15, X4, 287, 3X> 349-355. 37» 311-229, 40, 335. 
Mit 44. 9%!^ 46, 304; sketch, X4, 387. 

Porée, Thomas, in Company of Associates, 4, 257. 

Pork: produced in Canada, 6, ^z* 79» A^% 315; in Louisiana, 65. 
167 ; at La Malbaye, 69, 89-91 ; sent to New Orleans from Illinois, 
213; dealings in at Detroit mission, 259, 70, 23. 39; price, in 
barter, 23. Salted, Hurons steal, 27, 91. Set aUo Swine. 

Porlier, Louis B«: ''Capture of Mackinaw," 71, 322. \ 

Pometton district, district about Huron Bay, 66, ^. '\ 

Pometton district, district about Hudson Bay, 66, 85. 

Porphyry, 46, 265, 47. X93 ; on St. Pierre Islands, 63» 287, 291. 

Porphyry, Greek philosopher and anti-Christian: allegorical tree 
of, 66, 3i8w 

Porpoises: fishery, x, 69, 9, 169; as food, j, 131; appear at tkne 
of earthquake, 4S, 27, 45, 215; indicate approach of storm, 60» 
117. Whitie--in St Lawrence, s, ig^ 48, 173; uses of oil of» 
1^8, 89. Gray, in St Lawrence, 48, 175. 

Porrti (Allium p&rrumh identified, 69, 286; seed, Connor asb 

. for, 63. 

Port Baleines (Cape Bret. Island), Scotch colony at, 4, 270. 

Port aux Coquilles: identified, 3, 300; French at, 199, 201, 209. 

Port Jackson, N. Y., Iroquois site near, 51, 295. 

Port Mouton (au Mouton): origin of name, 2, 304; Poutrin- 
court at, X, 65; French at, 4, 27. 

Port Nelson, 68, 291; location, 2«, 320, 45, 223, 272; English 
winter at, 272; Radisson takes possession of, for England (1669), 
28, 320; English at, 63, 285; French expeditions against, 
305, 64, 119; French at, 281. See also Forts: York. 

Port Royal (Portrait), Acadia, x, 312, 318, 2, 133, 135, 145, 147, 
167, 207, 223, 231, 23s, 339» 347, 349, 291, 306, 308, 3. 59, 185, 
30, 304, 49, 171; location, X, 307, 3, 69, 67, 197; description. 



S46 JESUIT RELA TIONS [PMt 5t. Jota 

» 

Port Ri^sral (continued) — 
X, 67-69; fertility, 13; dimate^ 3, 55; fisheries, a, 171; river o^ 
171» 3t 63; hsrbor and fort, 209; copper at, 69; Indians, 71; 
maps, I, vili, 124, 309, 2, vili, 118, I92> ^94» ^99» 7»» 214. De 
Monts founds, x, 4, 3, 43; ceded to Poutrincourt, x, 305-306, J, 
aiz; Poutrincourt at, x, (fj, 71, 306, 3, i^; Fléché at, x, 311; 
Lescarbot at, 65; Botrand at, ia3; Jesuits at, 6, 129^ 139^ 151, 
3, 49; Jesuits leave, a, 349; hardships of colonists at, x, 169; 
sidmess at, 291, 3, 51; Membertou dies at, 201-203; baptisms at, 
K, 109-113, 155-161, 24, 147; church and chapel at, x, 109, 169^ 2, 
89-91, 135; buildings at, x, 165; excepted from grant to Mme. 
de Guercheville, 2, 239, 3, 233; English capture and destroy 
(1613), I, 8, 131, 306, 2, 267, 3> 11-13» 4, 39-45» «69; Scotch 
settle in (1627), 270; Ratilly receives from English (1632), 8, 
288; French colonization scheme (1635), 288; Kirk seizes (1627), 

28, 319; Cadillac at (1683), 65, 271; English capture (1690), 
S8, 29s, 64, 4if (1710) 66, 343, 67, 207-209, 69, 233» 3»; Eng- 
lish attack (1707), 67, 336; French expedition against (1746), 
69, 292; history, 7X, 301. 

Port St John : French at, x, 153, 163 ; sagamore of, 163. Su also 
UHéve. 

Portage township, Ind. : site of French fort in, 66, 348. 

Portage, Wis., origin of name, 58, 294; Indian site at, 54, 308. 

Portages, X2, 119, 129^ 40, 205, 59, 169, x8t; why so called, 37f 
211-213; method of making, 8, 77, 39, 53, 99^ 49» ^3; canoes and 
goods carried over, x, 245, "» "i, X9, 99, 251, 33» 65, 37, 65; 
Jogues carries sick boy over, X3, 87; length o^ on route to 
Hurons, 39, 47; fatigues of, 40, 219-221, 48, I33-I35, 68, 47. 
Around rapids and waterfalls, 4, 195, 30, 125, 38, 29; at Allu- 
mettes Island, 5, 291; on Ottawa route, 3X, 19; along northern 
Canadian routes, 249, 37, 37» Sh 21 x, 247-249^ 43, 53, 46, 
259» 271» 287-^ 304, 49, 47, 86, 169, 181-185, 201, 207, 213, 89, 

29, 45, 69, 117; near Three Rivers, 37, 99, 141; along route to 
Huronia, 39, 177; on Keweenaw Point, 46, 141; of Cat Rapids 
50, 253. Chicago (Chicago-Desplaines) — Marquette at, 50, 
322, 59, 161, 173, 315; length, 315; canals along route of, 315. 
At Lake St. Sacrement, $z, 185, 70, lit. Ooukodtiming — lo- 
cation, 54, 307; Allouez at, 217. Kekaling— variants of name, 
54» 307; early importance, 307; Allouez at, 217; see also Kaukau- 
na. St Joseph-Kankakee — location, 59, 314; Marest at, 66, 285- 
287; fort near, 348; history, cited, 348^ 7X» 3i7- Fox- Wiscon- 
sin, Marquette at, 98, 95, 99, 105, 308. Sturgeon Bay— Jesuits 
at, 99, 167, 60, 153, 320; ship canal along route o^ 99, 314. Bo- 



Poflitor] INDEX 247 

tween Illinois River and Lake Michigan, 59, 313-314; Arkansas- 
Missoari, location» 65, 125; near Biloxi, 167, 171; Wolf- 
Tombigby, a66; along route to Abenakis, 67, 95. Of the 
Cross — location, 67, 305; Jesuits traverse, 305-309; difficulties 
of, 309 At Long Sault, Céloron at, Ó9, 153. Niagara — location, 
69, 157; Céloron at, 157-159; French at, 306. Chautauqua — loca- 
tion, 69, 295; Céloron at, 159-161, 295-296. Along Chautauqua 
outlet, 69, 163-165. 

Porter, J. H. : " Artificial Deformities of Children," 71, 281. 

Porter, Peter A., antiquarian: aid from, acknowledged, x, xii-xiii. 

Porteret, Pierre, serves Jesuits, 59, 165. 

Portland, Me., 67, 338; site of Fort Loyal, 64, 274; captured by 
French and Indians, 274. 

Portneuf . Set Seigniories. 

Portraits: published in this series, 4, frontispiece, viii, g, frontis- 
piece, viii, XÓ, frontispiece, 8, A3, frontispiece, 8^ 32, frontispiece, 
8, 34, frontispiece, 8^ 249^ 38, frontispiece, 8, 40, frontispiece, 
8, 45, frontispiece, 8, 59, frontispiece, 9, 62, frontispiece, 8^ 176, 
64, frontispiece, 9, 67, frontispiece, 9, 44, 71, frontispiece» 9» 209- 
210, 400-403; of royal family, 29, 235-239; Canadian, 71, 354.; 
collected by Viger, 400. 

Portsmouth, N. H., first settled, 36, 243. 

Portugal, 60, 1x3, 6x, 269; American colonies of, X2, 276; imports 
codfish, 32, 35; Talon shipwrecked on coast of, 53> 27, 55, 105; 
Jesuits expelled from, 70, 313, 71, 43* 

Portuguese: as discoverers, i, z; settlers in Newfoundland, x; 
land cattle on Sable Island, 2, 294 ; visit English ship, 3, 13-15 ; in 
Indies, 6, 145, 9, 97; expel French from Maranham, 8, 287; mis- 
sions in American possessions, u, 221; at Fort Orange, 31» 99> 
aid shipwrecked sailors, 34, 235; introduce Barbadoes nuts into 
Brazil, 43» 326; honor Tracy, 49, 217. Language of — inter- 
preter of, 50, 324; Iroquois compared to, 68, 265; in North Amer- 
ica, 71, 309. 

Post St. Ange (Poste du Otmbache, Post Vincennes). See Vin- 
cennes. 

Poste aux Akansas, 69, 301. See Arkansas Post. 

Posts of the King's Domain, Coquart's memoir upon, 69, 81-127. See 
eXso Domain: King's. 

Potato: Micmac, 2, 307 Ç^see also Ground-nut). In Mississippi val- 
ley, 66, 227; Indians eat, 67, 215; cultivated in Louisiana, 69, 
211. 

Potè, William : Joum. of Captivity, 7I1 258. 

Potéouatami, 55, 103. See Pottawattomies. 

Pothier, Louise, marriage, 69, 309. 



248 JESUIT RELATIONS [PMer 

Potier, Nicolas (Jean), Jesuit» 71, 155; arrives in Canada (1677 or 
1679), 61, ^3; at Lorette (1679-85), 273; at Quebec college 
(1685), 273; with Hurons, 249, 261, 273; writes letter for Hur- 
<ms, 7, 15-16, 249-255» 365-267, 71, 199; death (1689), 61, 273; 
sketch, 273, 71, 155; conflicting statements regarding, 6x, 273. 
Potier (Pothier), Pierre, Jesuit, 71,135; arrives in Canada (1743). 
69, 289; studies Huron at Lorette (1743-44), 269; at Niagara» 
261; goes to Detroit to assist Richardie (1744), 261, 289^ 306; 
superior at Detroit (i753 or 1754)* 289, 306; says masses for habi- 
tants, 70, 45, 65, 71 ; bs^isms bj, 73-77; bookkeeper for mission, 
306; connection with Pontiac's conspiracy, 69, 283; deatn (1781), 
289; sketch, ^ 70, 85> 7X> I75; facsimile writing, 70, 8, 64, 74» 
71, 213. Grammaire Huronne, cited, 50, 326. Livre de Compte, 
69, 8, 24-26, 265-277, 383, 70, 7f 9-10» 19-77» 303» 71» ao7; cited, 69. 
306; translation, 71, 235. 
PoTTAWATTounss (Oupouteouatamik, Potéouatami, Poueteouatamis, 
Pouteatami, Pouteouatamiouec, Poutewatomi, Foutouatamis, Pou- 
utouatami), Algonquian tribe: location at various times, 23, 325; 
remove to Sault de Ste. Marie, 225; on Lake Michigan (1667), gi, 
27; in 1670, 54, 211 ; live with Winnebagoes, 237, 58, 39; on Green 
Bay, 55, 103, 183, 6 J, 193, 203; route to^ 59, 167; at St. Joseph 
River (1711)» 66, 348. Population — village (1658), 44, 245, 324; 
in 1667, 51, 27. Language »- speak Algonquian, 51, 27; have in- 
dividual dialect, 58, 41. Characteristics, etc — sedentary (village), 
44> 245, 324, 51, 27; character and disposition, 27-29^ 66, 285; 
f(^k-lore of, 51, 33-35; feasts among, 57, 295; sickness among, 46, 
143; historical sketch, 23, 325. 

Relations with other tribes: with Poxes and Winnebagoes, 23, 
325 {see also above location). Iroquois — hold Iroquc^s slaves, 
54, 219; captured by, 265: flee from, 55, 103, 183; project campaign 
against, 62, 151. Pear Sioux, 99, 165; Illinois with« 173, 179; 
friendly to Illinois, 66. 285. 

Relations with French: Nicolet with (1634), ^3» 3^15; Jesuits 
with and mission to, i, 221, 23, 325, 51, 27-41, 54, 203-205, 211, 98, 
37-41, 62, 205, 66, 279-281, 70, 245; desire Allouez, 54, 197, 237» 
304-305; faith preached to, 55, 201; offer presents at mission ot 
St. Francis Xavier, 58, 267; French with, 54, T97, 203, 305-306, 55, 
187; trade with, 54, 197, 305-307; one acts as letter-carrier, 67, 67. 
Pottery, from Orient, 8, 312. See also Indians: ceramics. 
Potugoët. See Penobscot and Pentegoët. 

Poualak (Poualac, Poulacs, Pouarak, Poulak), Siouan tribe, 46^ 
69; meaning of term, 45, 239; racial aflinities, 42, 296, 71, 376; 
identified, 376; location and villages, 42, 221, 296, 44, 247, 324; 
warlike, 45, 239; weapons, 239; burn coal, 239; cabins of, 239; 



Po tf iaco o ft] INDEX We 

fear Iroquois, 239. Set also Assiniboines, Assinipoualak, Daco- 
tahs, Sioux, and Indians: stocks. 

Pouches, bags or pockets, used by Indians: method of making 
and wearing, 44, 295; Indian women make, 63, 205, 63, 
231 ; material made of, 67, 137, 223 ; superstitious, Indians aban- 
don, 34, I35*i37> ^5> 125; tobacco» 125; manitous carried in, 
^9, 201, 31, 193; convert carries image in, 227-229; food carried 
in, 3 J, 265; eaten in time of famine, 67, 223. 

Poudrerie (blizzards), in Canada, 66, 113; on St. Lawrence, 68, 

95. 
Poudrux, , memorandum by Potier, 69, 275. 

Poueteouatamis, 60, 151. See Pottawattomies. 

Poulain, Catherine, marriage, 63, 274. 

Poulain, Claude, children lost or captured, 46, 175. 

Poulak, 44, 247. See Poualak. 

Poulet (Poullct), , French ship-captain: at Quebec, j8, 223, 

34, 5^i> 38, 183, 43» 59; 49> 161; nuns sail with, 41, 243, 43, 
25; brings immigrants to Montreal, 45, 117. See two following 
captions. 

Poulet, Jean, French ship-captain: at Quebec, 37, 11 5- 117. 

Poulet, Laurent, French ship-captain : at Quebec, 46, 183, 47, 285. 

Poulin, William, Récollet, with Hurons, i, 23. 

Poultry, 69,' 167, 70, 61, 243; at Jesuit missions, 13, 93, loi, 35» ^» 
63, 169, 69, 269-271, 70, 41 ; at Quebec, 14, 137; Dutch keep, 39, 
57; found in south, 47, 143; Indians raise, 65, 151, 66, 255, 68, 
165, 275; Houmas do not kill, 65, 151; Indians sell, to French, 
151, 68, 165. At Fort Biloxi, 69, 167; on English boats, 66, 199; 
at La Malbaye, 69, 91; in Louisiana, 211; house, on Detroit Jes- 
uit farm, 273. 

Poupard, Catherine, marriage, 70, 306. 

Poupau, 49, 119. See Veron. 

Pouteouatamiouec (Pouteatami, Pouteatamis, Pouteautamis, Poute- 
ouatami, Pouteouatamis, Poutewat, Poutewatomi, Poutouatamis), 
Algonquian appellation of western tribe, 33, 225, 325, 46, 143» 
91. 27, 29, 45, $4, 219, 237, 265, 98» 183, 201. 97. 29s, 98. 37-41, 
267. 289, 59» 165. i^, 173, 179, 63, 151, 193, 203, 66, 279, 281, 285. 
67, 67, 70, 245. See Pottawattomies. 

Poutrincourt, Claude de, wife of Jean: sponsor in baptism, i, 109. 

Poutrincourt, Jeanne de, daughter of Jean: sponsor in baptism, i, 
III. 

Poutrincourt (Potrincourt). Jean de Biencourt, sieur de, Acadian 
explorer and settler, i, 161, 165, 167, I77» 209, 307, 313, 3x8, 3, 19» 
23f 83, 9Ï, 95, 173, 177, 3« 17S; opposed to Henry IV., i, 305-306; 
retires to estate, 306; inherits estate, 3, 127; rewarded by Henry 
IV., I, 127, 3, 125 ; associated with De Monts, i, 65, 306, 3, 33, 127» 



250 JESUIT RELA TIONS [PonutoiuitaiDl 

Poutrincourt (continued) — 
187, 291; makes trial voyage to Acadia, i, 65, 306; De Monts 
grants Port Royal to, 5, 305-306, J, 211, 3, 161-163; voyages to 
Acadia, i, 65-67, 99, 306, 3, 129-133, 187; on Maine and Acadian 
coasts, I, 306, 3, 141-145, 3i 187, 298; in Acadia, i, 129, 306, 3, 
87-89, 127, 308, 3, 165, 399, a8, 318; meets pirates, j, 131, 4, 264; 
erects fort, J, 294; hardships at Port Royal i, 151-159, 3» 185; 
zeal for religion, i, 63-65, 71, 89, 95» 3o6, 311, J, 145, 161-163. 
Unfavorable to Jesuits, i, 6, 3/06, 311, 318; complains of, to admir- 
alty, 318; borrows from, J, 235, 3, 235; delays, 165-167. In- 
vites Fléché to Acadia, i, 310; informs Lescarbot of baptisms, 
77; sponsor in baptisms, i, 109, 113, 121 ; cheated by agent and ad- 
venttu-ers, 65, J, 127, 147, 181 ; contract with Dieppe merchants, 
^f ^33» 312, 3, 175; king and queen write to^ i> I33* 312; aids 
Indians, 157, J, 139; visits Indians, i, 167, 3, 17, 143, 153; gives 
Christian burial to Indian, i, 169, 3, 151; hunts elk, 167; admon* 
ishes traders, 179 ; in danger of shipwreck, 145, 183 ; reconciled to 
Du Pont, I, 171, 3, loi, 179, 3, 189-191; bargain with Mme. de 
Guercheville, 231-233; losses at destruction of Port Royal (1613), 
I, 306; visits ruins (1614), 306; returns to France (1611, 1614)« 
306, 3, 7, 219, 229^ 3, 193; subsequent life in France, i, 306; 
Lescarbot eulogizes, 55, 63, 95; Biard eulogizes, 181, 189; a mu- 
sical composer, 3, 147; sons of, i, 113, 141; sketch, 305-300; 
Acadian career, 71, 312. 

Ponutouatami, 18, 231. See Pottawattomies. 

Powder. See Ammunition. 

Powell, J, W.: "Kinship," cited, 39, 293-294, 71, 267. "Limit 
Anthrop. Data," 71, 267. "Regimentation," 71, 268. "Prehist. 
Man," 71, 268. "Amer. Ardueol." 71, 26e, "Orig, Amer. In- 
dian," 71, 268. " Evol. of Language," 71, 274. " Indian Mythol- 
ogy," 71, 278. "Technology," 71» 287. "Wyandot Govern- 
ment," 71, 294. Indian Linguistic Families, cited» 68, 329, 71» 

274. 
Pow-e-ting, 18, 259. See Batchewaung. 

Powhatans, Algonquian tribe: location, 10, 324; folk-lore, 324. 

Pradere, Jean, miraculously cured, 51, 97-99. 

Praesentis, 3, 67, See Plaisance. 

Prairie, France: location, 39, 165. 

Prairie de la Magdelaine (Madelaine, Madeleine, Magdeldne, Mag- 

delene), 47> 269, 50, 57> 215, 327, 53, 243, 55> 33> 5^» 241, 295, 29^ 

60, 322, 61, 51» 167, 173, 195» I» 203, 63, 141» isi 167, 193: 

location, 61, 241; approach to^ difficult, so, 217; described, 55t 
33; rendezvous for Indians, 35, $S, 249; Indian population. 



Prefect] INDEX 251 

(1670)« 63, 161; French settlers at, 55, 33; owned by Jesuits, 
47« 320» 50, 217, 51, 149, 65, 183; Iroquois converts settle there, 
58, 171, ao7-2Qg^ 247-249» 59, 257, 60, 275-377; tribes at, 61, 169, 
201, 239-241, 63, 155-157» 169; Laval visits, 60, 309; tavern at, 
63» 181, 199-201; atUcked by English, 64, 99; tenants at, ruined 
by Iroquois war, 65, 183. See also La Prairie, and Jesuits : mis- 
sion colonies — St. Xavier des Prés. 
Prairie du Rocher, III., founded, 71, 388; Jesuits at, 70, 311; 
priests buried at, 71, 39^ 388; parish register, cited, 388. 

Prairies, 41. 1^-129, 4«, 37, 97, 54, 185, 58, 107. 

Praslain, Blanche de, sponsor in baptism, 2, 159. 

Praslain, Catherine de, sponsor in baptism, 2, 159. 

Praslain, Claude de, sponsor in baptism, 2, 159. 

Praslain, Madame de, sponsor in baptism, 2, 159. See Prasli 1 

Praslin, , sieur de : sponsor in baptism, 2, 157 ; familj , 157« 

159; offices, 297. 

Praslin, César Gabriel de Choiseul, due de: in ministry of foreign 
a£Fairs, 70, 313. See ChoiseuL 

Prayer: sickness cured by, 18, 191; imparts skill, 193; for em- 
peror, 32, 81, 312; for king, 91-93; council begins with, 41. 
109; Indians apply name of, to Christian faith, Ó7, 175. 

Prayers: of converts, 18, 89, 149, 151* z6i, 175, 191, 199, 205, 209, 
19, 141, 145, a39b 251-257, 261, 20, 37, 175, 201, 30, 81, 95, loi, 117, 
31, 147, 153, 173, 227, 32, 199-203, 207, 23s, 251, 261, 275, 277. 
33, 171-183, 34, 117, 121, 219, 35, 93, 171, 245, 247, 36, 31, 223, 

37, 159, 195-199, 203, 207, 223, 38, 19— for benefactors. 16, 27,31, 

38, 143; for public welfare, 30, 177, 34, 41, 35, 3i, 66, 199; ior 
rain, 28, 189; of Iroquois, set to music 68, 273-275 {see also 
Music) ; written in blood, 40, 123 ; in Indian tongues — see the 
respective languages; length of Huron, 57, 39; regarded by Hiv- 
rons as charms, 30, 227. 

" Praying Indians," Ó2, 243, 276. 

Precedence (at church, etc) : that accorded to governor, 27, 95, 
AS, 179, 3«, 157, 161, 32, 73. 85, 43, 31 ; disputes regarding, 27. 
113, 119, 28, 159, 193, 35, 33, 43, 7Zf 45, m, 121, 125, 149, 165, 
46, 161, 163, 167, 177; disregarded in early days of colony, ix. 
71 ; regulated by Jesuits, 35, 33. 

Predestination, 21, 121, 135, 179, 245, 22, x6i. 23, 33, 25, 117, 26, 
21, 123, 179, 29, 59, 46, 107, 48, 93, 145, 51, 133, 221, 52, 19, 
157, 247, 53, 63, 153, 159, 175, 257, 54, 55, ^3, X03, 105, 119, 85, 
41. 45, 73, 85, 313, 56, 35, 39, 41, 227, 57, 37, 103, 129, 163, 105. 
58, 215. 243, 281, 60, 295, 63, 157, 165, 189, 239, 66. 165, 167, 68, 

Pacfect: apostolic 71* 162; of classes, 56, 302. 



I 

JESUIT RELA TIONS Pwjmm j 



Prejean, , Detroit habitant: dealings with mission, 69, 277. \ 

Prescott, Ont^ site of French fort, 6 j, 274. 

Prescott, Sir Robert, twelfth English governor: term of office, 71, 
119. I 

Presentiments of danger* experienced by missionaries, 31, iii, 3Sf 
"I, 159» 37, 141 ; by Indians, 30, 247-^51» 3l. 165, 34, 129, 37, '73. 

Presents, 8. 273, u, 9, 47, 107, 189, 217, 243. «45, 249, 257, I3, ÎW, 
15, 123, JO, 193, 21. 77, 23, 89, 125. 41, 131, 171, 43* 33, t59, 
320, 45, 223, 46, 143, 47, loi, 177, 215, 237, 277, 48. 81, 127, SO, 
29, 189, 253, 52, 161, 181, 5S, 321, 56, XS3, 163, 169, 267, 57, 217, 
231, 58, 5ft 81, 8s, 135, 267, S9» 159, 231, 60, 29, 41, 49, 85. 119. ào«>, 
61, 253, 255, 6j, 83, 229, 247, 63, 57, 183, 203. 259, 281, 64, 23, 
35, 163, 179, 211, 24s, 65, 117, 121, 205, 207; exchanged by 
French and Iroquois, 40, 91, 115, 155, 167, 191 ; rejected by French, 
^5, 263; given to Iroquois by Dutch, ^i, 71, 39, 233 — by Eng- 
lish, 66, 203; to Indians by French, 9, 249, 285, 293, 18, 161, 
19, 69, 27, 103, 32, 215, 65, 209, 66, 51, 67, 97, 69, 181 isee also 
Montmagny ) — to Cha'htas, annually, 70, 239 ; to church at 
Sault St. Xavier, 65, 31-33 ; to Quebec parish church, 42, 269-289^ 

" Given to Indians by Jesuits, 14, 103, 195, 15, 37, 129, 159, 19, 

99-103, 135, 21, 294, 23, 211, 223, 29, 105, 33, 243, 247, 39, 51, 
129, 68, 47, 81, 115; this practice aids missionaries, 22, 311. To 
converts, 24, 85, 99, 25, 221. See also Indians: gift-giving. 

Preserves, dry, asked for hospital, 51, 115. 

"Pretended religion," i, 141, 3, 173. 183, 4, 15, 11, 73; meaning of 
term, 3, 299. See Calvinists, Hug^uenots, Lutherans, Protestants, 
and Reformed religion. 

Prévost, , French naval captain, sponsor in baptism, 28, 23. 

Prévost, François, major of Quebec: at conference regarding Iro- 
quois, 62, 157; sketch, 273. 

Prévost, Martin, marries Indian girl, 5, 288. 

Prévôté : of Paris, 71, 73 ; of Quebec, 77, 

Price, William, translator for this series, 9-19, v of each volume; 
20-71, 5 of each volume ; also 72, 5. 

Prices: ratio of, in Canada to those in France, 9, 173, 177; of la- 
bor and materials in Canada, 20, 237 ; Detroit, regulated by BtcÀit- 
real, 70, 27; Hurons ask for cheaper goods, 32, 187; English 
goods cheaper than French, 66, 173, 67, 125. 
Quotations: beef, 69, 273, 70, 21, 29, 37-39, 49» 57, 63; belts, 

55; blankets, 69, 257, 261, 70, 23, 41; borax, 69, 277; brandy, 

^3» 255-257, 273, 7O1 29, 43-45, 61; bread, 27, 103; bronze cande- 

labnim, 63, 243; canvas, 69, 83; caps, 70, 27; chairs, 23; doth» 



Prick] INDEX VA 

^— — — ^^^^— — -^— — III II I 

69, 127, 70, 259; combs, 69, 249; corn, 247» ^^TJ'* cotton, 70, 27-29; 
cows, 69, 257, 265, 269; a cowhide, 70, 23; deerskin thongs, 69, 273; 
fencing, 70, 35; files, 69, 277; fish, 70, 63 — eels, 28, 239, 48, 
173; fish-hooks, 70, 43; floor, 69, 245; a forge, 70, 61; game. 
89^ 43» 59^1; grease (fat), 43; gunpowder, 69, 249, 257; hand- 
kerchiefs, 70, 45, 259 ; hats, 49 ; horses, 69, 255 ; houses, 20, 127, 69, 
259-261, 265, 70, 23-25, 31, 37; iron, 69, 263; kettles. 70, 21, 25. 
49; land, 36, 241 —clearing of, 69, 245, 70, 43; lead, (red) 66, 13s 
(pig) 70, 39; linen, 251^: lumber, 69, 257, 70, 23, 31, 37; 
meat, 69, 275; mitasses, 257, 70, 23; nails, 69, 249, 265, 271; 
oats, 265, 273; oil, 127; partridges, 70, 29; pease, 69, 249, 257; 
pq»per, 275; pigs, 70, 43; pirogues, 21, 29; plastering, 31; plows, 
29; porcelain (wampum), 69, 259; pork, 70, 23; poultry, 39; 
powder-horns, 49, 57, 63; salt, 23; shirts, 69, 257, 70, 23, 27; 
shoes, 69, 265, 271, 275; shot, 70, 39; steel, 61; stockings, 69, 
275; stone (cut), 267; tacks, 265, 271, 277, 70, 21, 41; tallow, 69, 
«45» 70, 47; tobacco^ 6, 330, 70, 39» 61; veal, 69, o^S. 70, 2^7, 
venison, 43, 61 ; vermilion, 66. 135, 70, 27, 43 ; wheat, 45, 151. 69» 
«45. «63, 275, 70, 61 ; a winnowei, 61 ; wine, 69, 247, 273, 70, ii, 29, 
39» 45» 259; wire, 69, 277; wood, 27» I03, »«» «51, 30, 165, 48, 
177» 70, 29^ 43-45 — cheap in Canada, 48, 177. Peltries — beaver, 
33» 99» 34» 61, 69. 127 {see also Beaver); deer, 271; fox, 127; 
lynx, 127, 73. 17; marten, 69, 127; otter, 127; pecan, 127; seal 
127. 

Various items of cost: erection of buildings — chapel at Lorette, 
60, 75, 81, 89; Algonkin fort on Montreal Island, 67, 27; barrackf 
at Sault St. Louis, 81 ; mission at Detroit, 69, 251, 257-259, 267, 273, 

70, 21-23, «^31» 39- Washing and baking for Detroit mission, 69, 
257» J6i, 269, 70, 33» 69 ; grinding wheat, 69» 265, 70, 43» 59» 63 — 
corn, 69, 271 ; bolting flour, 271, 70, 45 ; plastering, 3^ ; masonry, 
31; sawing lumber, 31-33, 39; mending plo>vshare, 29; mending 
shoes, 63; carts^^e, 69, 271, 70, 3i'35» 39-41 ; making mattresses, 
61 ; a priest's board, 47, 291 ; repairing musket, 32, 71 ; fishing ves- 
8^» 36, 97. Freight, 69, 277 — charges from Lietroit to Montreal 
70, 49; from Kaskaskia to New Orleans, 259. See also Books, 
Furs, Fur trade. Pelts, and Wages. 

Prick (roll), a measure for tobacco, 70, 57-59- 

Priests: privileges of, in capitulation of Montreal, 71, 394; con- 
stitutional, in France, 400; see also the various orders. Secular 
— in charge at Montreal, 47, 253 (see Sulpitians) ; at Quebec, 
lod^ at bishop's house, 48, 233; accompany expedition against 
Iroquois, 50, 147; brought to Canada, 51, 177, 68, 227; igno^ 
ranee, 227; ordained at Quebec, 71, 113. 



S64 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Prime 

Prime, W. C. : Coins, Medals, and Seals, cited, i, 313, 71, 355. 

Priznot, Antoine, sketch, 37, 266. 

Primot, Martine (née Messier), wounded by Iroquois, 37, 113. 

"Prince, the," nickname of Attikamegou, 5, 145, y, 7. 

Prince, J. Dyndey: Pass. Wampum Records, 71, 285. 

Prince, Thomas, English colonist: in Kenneoec trade, 36, 242. 

Prince Society: Publications, cited, 34» 24O, 42, 296, 45, 272. See 
also Champlain, Radisson, and Slafter. 

" Princess, the," nickname of Attikamegou s wiff", 5, 145. 

Printing-press: used by Jesuits in Peru, 3, agS; Quebec Jesuits de- 
sire (166s), 49, 167. 
Prior, Monsieur the," 30, 153, 155, 183, xgi. See Chartier, René. 

Prism, used by Jesuits in instructing Indians, is, 143. 

Prisque, engagé at Detroit mission, 09, 247, 251; wages f<Mr year, 

MS- 
Privateers, English, capture French ships, 36, 97, 40, 83, 193. See 

also Pirates. 
Prizes, given at Quebec college, 47, 275. 
Probst, Peter, Jesuit, publishes Lettres ìdifiantes, 66, 322. 
Processions: at Quebec, 14, 265-267, 30, x8i, 191, 33, 83, 87-89, 

95-97, 107, 34, 51, 53, 35, 41, 45, 53, 36, 129, 38, 195, 40, x6i ; In 
honor of royalty, is, 221-229; to drive away pests, 18, 85; on 
shipboard, 73; at missions, 37, 6;, 39, 91-93, 39, 125; in 
western parishes, 71, 45; imitated by Indian children, 33, 225. 

Procurator, royal, title of Hébert, 3, 308. See also Cdonies: 
French — officials; aful Jesuits: order — officials. 

Procyon, a star, 30, 71. 

ProcyoH lotor, 31, 315. See Raccoon. 

Procyonidae, zoological affiliation, 31, 315. 

" Progenitors," of animals, 5, 286. 

Pk'ometheus, m3rth of: resemblances to^ in Amerind mythology, 3, 
286, 10, 320. 

Promontorium Episcopi, 3, 305. See Cap de TEvèque. 

Propaganda. See Congregations. 

Proprietors, English: in New Hampshire, 36, 242; on Kennebec; 
241 ; exact one-sixth of trader 99,' X07. 

Proscription, warrant of, issued against Meurin, 71, 35. 

Prosper, , French priest, in, agi; aids missions, 30, 99. 

Prostitutes, accompany fur-traders, 65, 241-243. See also Licenti- 
ousness. 

Protestants: French, disapprove colonization of Canada, 3, 308; 
English, argue with Jesuits, 4, 73; one imprisoned by Kirk. 3, 
49; in Illinois, attendance at Catholic services restricted, 71» 
43 ; Canadian, share in revenues of Jesuit estates, 393. Protestant 



Punishmeiit] INDEX 265 

States aided by Richelieu against Catholic powers, 8, 306. Set 
also Calvinists, Heresy, Huguenots, Lutherans, Pretended religion, 
and Reformed religion. 

Proulx, Jean Baptiste, Canadian priest: purchases site of Ste. Ma- 
rie, 5» 395, 19, 270. 

Prouteouatamis, misprint for Pouteatamis, $4, 197, 203, 211. 

Prouville, Alexander de^ 49, 274. See Tracy, marquis de. 

Provancher, L., Canadian botanist: flore Canadienne, 71, 348. 

Provence, France: compared with New Prance» 49» 259, 90, 245, 
66, 223; its gnats, 15, 163. 

Provençal lang^uage, 11, 193; Algonkin compared to, 5, 115; 
words and phrases, 17, 243. 

Providence, R. I.: early allotment of lands to first settlers, 4, 269, 
71, 314 (see also Land). See also Libraries: Brown. 

Provinces: Maine and New Hampshire^ organized, 36, 243; Brit- 
ish, of North America, federated, 71, 393; Jesuit (see Jesuits: 
provinces). 

Provost, Anne, marriage, 70, 308. 

Provost, Marie, marriage, 65, 261. 

Provost, Martin, house burned, 36, 113. 

Provost- judge, seigniorial <^cial, 48, 296. 

Prowse, D. W.: Hist, Newfoundland, cited, J, 293-295, 4* 25i-2!>5. 
365, 5, 277f 71» 309. 

Prud'homme (Prudomme), , follower of La Salle, lost in the 

woods, 68, 111-113. 

Prud'homme,, L« A., Canadian writer : " Coquart," cited, 69, 270. 

Pruneau, Madeleine, marriage, 69, 308. 

Prunes, 8, 267, 6, 131, 273, 8, 53, 149, 9, I57, 249, 12, 141, 243, 
13. 113, "5, «5, I5ft 17, 151, 21, 87, 24, 95, 29, ift 30, 153, 32, 
267, 41, 19s, 46, 137, i^, 49, 179, 57, 159, 66, 29. 

Prussia, treatment of Jesuits in, 70, 315, 71, 43. 

Ptolemy, name given to Egyptian kings, a3, 167. 

Puants (Puans), i, 317, is, 247, 248, 42, 296, 55, 183, 5«, 39» 60, 
201-205; origin of term, 33, 151, 45, 219; application of name, loi, 
322; location, 33, 151. See Stinlards, and Winnebagoes. 

Pueblos, 71, 2^; their pottery, 284. 

Puiseaux (Puyseaux), Pierre de: lodges Hospital nuns, 16, 258; 
sponsor in baptism, so, 309^ J4, 235. 

Pumpkin, 17, 179^ J7, ts\ cultivated by Indians, i, 21, J, 296^ 11, 

7, 59, 177, 68, 137; by French, 43, 57; how cooked by Indians, 

8, 2&1, 38, 243; in Huron folk-lore, 10, 151. See Gourd, and 
Squash. 

Punishment, vicarious, undergone by Indian, 35, 271. See Penal- 
ties. 



JESUl T RELA TIONS [ Plip py to 

Puppets, used by French jugglers, 43, 173. 

Puritans, 35, 65; characterized, 4, 75; in New Holland, 38, 109; 
a theocracy, 71, 313. 

Purslane, used as food, 13, 93, 31, 91, 39, 127, 231. 

Puteatamis, i, 318. See Pottawattomies. 

Putnam, Frederick W., American archaeologist: "Ancient Amer. 
Art," 71, 268. "Archaeol. Researches," 71, a68. "Prehist Re- 
mains in Ohio Valley," 71, 268. " Serpent Mound," 71, 268. 

Pygarouich, Estienne, 16, 31. See Pigarouich. 

Pyke, ' ■ , clerk to the Commission for the Jesuit Estates, 69, 302. 

Pynchon (Pyncheon), John, ambassador from Massachusetts to Mo- 
hawks, 64, 99, 276. 

Pyrites. See Iron, pyrites. 

Pyromancy: practiced by Algonkins, I3, 21, 39, 163; Attika- 
mègues, 31, 211; Hurons, 8, 123-125; Iroquois, 54, 21. 

Psrrtxus, cited, 8, 299. 

Pyrula carica (periwinkle), 8, 313. 

Pythagoras: his belief regarding the soul, 16, 191. 

Q, sound unknown in Huron language, 15, 157. 

Quadrant, French soldier uses, 39, 21. 

Quail, in Mississippi valley, 98, 99^ 59, 149. 

Quakers, in North America: history, 71, 316. 

"Qu'appelle?" legend, 10, 334. 

Quarries: porphsrry, 63, 287, 291; granted with lands, 71, 91. 

Quartier. See Cartier, Jacques. 

Quartz, material for arrowheads, 1$, 245. 

Quasimodo Sunday, why named, s> ^* 

Quatoghe. See Lakes: Huron. 

QUEBEC. 

Variants and Mention: Kebec, Kebek, Quebeck, Quebecq, Que- 
bek, I, 99, ICI, 34s, 3, 167, 307, 304. 3» 181, 4> 265, 8, 17. 19» 33, 
45, 61, 97, 151, 181, 19s, 197, »S, 207, 217, 387, 390, 395, 307, 309- 
312, 9, 7, IS, 39, 45, 59, 73, 87, 107, 143, 147, i59b 161, 26s, 37:, 
277f 295, 305, 307, 310-31S, 10, 27, 75, 77, 81, 237, il, n, 17, 3i, 
65-69, 81, 83, 87» 91, 103, 147, 217, 235, 274, 277, 378, 13, 43, 7S, 
95, 103, I", "7, 127» 131, 137, 143, 147, 151, 153, 157. 165, 
177, 183, 187, 191, 201, 207, 227, 231, 235, 245. 263, 274, 27s, 13, 7, 21, 
25, 35, 83, 89* 125, 215, 317, 269, 270, 14, 129, 187, 215, 22s, 351, 

IB, 61, 131, 171, 189, 301, 16, 227, 18, 33, 227, 30, 93, 147, 151, 

161, 187. 199^ 207, 31, 27, 31, 4«, 67» 93. 97, 99. I07, 109, 133, Uh 



QMbec] INDEX 257 

155. 171» 191. 239, 271, 275. 289, 301, 31a, aa, 37, 39, 47, ^ 79, 
83, 113, 121, 133, 137, 145. 147, »3, 235, 239, 249, aa, 155» 303t 
323, 24, 47» 147, 165, 191, 193» »9^ as, 25, 147» 277, a6, 115, a?, 
63, 355, 25ft 261, 307, 310, 313, a8, 33» 39» 45» 47» 219, 245, 305, 
311, a9, 173, 213, 219, 30, 75, 199» 31» 165, 3a, 23, 33, 63, 65, 
24ft 259» 36, 87, 103, 109, 37, 77, 81, 85, 93» I75» 177. 255, 25ft 38, 
39» 183, 233, 235» 39» 15» 43» 151» 223, 40, 93, 173» 41» 41» 43» 53» 
63» 69, 85, %1. 125, 129, 137» 169, 211, 219-223, 229, 231, 237, 241, 
247, 256-258» 4a, 31-35, 49, 61, 89, 91» 99» 105, 107, 191, 201, 203, 
215, 245, 247, 251-257, 261-265, 269, 273, 275, 292, 297, 299, 300^ 
43, 21-29, 35, 37, 41-63, 67, 71, 71* 77f 99. 103-107, 111-115, 121, 
127, 135, 165, 175» 179-183, 187, 191» 195, 199. 201, 207, 211-215, 
273. 291, 301, 319-324, 44. 37. 45. 69, 73. «5. 95. 101-107, ni-ii5. 
119, 121, 155, 161-167, 171, 173, 183-205, 221-225, 229, 233, 259. 261. 
320-322, 45, 21, 25, 34, 45, 51. 55, 57. 73. 79, 87, 93-99» 107. 109, 
"5. 133. 137» 157, 197. 233, 243. 245, 265, 266, 268, 270, 271, 46, 
25» 87-93, 109. "7. 121, 149» 153, 155. 181, 203, 211, 223, 233. 243. 
251. 299, 3Q3, 47, 23, 31. 87» 99» "5. 133. 149» 153. i6s. 171. i8ft 
221, 223, 241, 257-263, 279. 281, 293. 309» 314. 315. 31ft 320, 48, 
2ft 51. 81, 91. "5. 157. 171, i8ft 205, 213, 251, 279. 28ft 292, 293, 
296, 49. 21, 41. 73. 7ft 95. 123, 131, 191, 205, 225, 235, 237, 25ft 
271, 274, 275, 50, 35. 45. 67, 79^3, loi, 107, lOft 117, 13ft 167, 
171, J75, 185-193. 20s, 229, 30ft 314, 317. 322-327. SI. 5ft 67, 71. 
?3. 87, 91. 97. I". 135. 137, 175. 177. 181, 185, 207, 2ift 23ft 275# 
285, $^, 21-27, 33, 45, 51. 53, 81, 107, 117. 123, 145, 147. 173. 181, 
197-203, 217, 243. 251, 25ft 261, S3, 27, 43. 45. 53. 57. 61, 63, 77, 
93-97. I". "5, 131. i8ft 213, 217, 223, 237, 302, S4» 45. 7i. 9ft 
I2ft 135. I4ft 163. 241, 243. 251, 26ft 27ft 281, 285-28ft 304, Wf 
23, 27, 33, 51. 55. 5ft "I. 163, 191. 207, 24ft 3"» 318, 322, s6, 27, 
41, ^3, 67, 151, 157, 161, 195» 197» 207, 211, 267, 285, 302, 303. 
57» 25, 31, 37. 55» 73. 75, 24S, 253, 307, 30ft 312, 313, 318, 58, 93» 
105, 131, 143, 147, 155, 199» 241, 294, 296, 297. 59» 25, 2ft 45-4ft 

65, 81, 283, 293, 305, 307» 315» 60, 41, 4ft 71, 77» 81, 85, 97, 9ft 
III, lift 123, 125, 131, 137, 145, 207, 29ft 322, 323. 6i, 23, 75, 7ft 
101-105, 151, i6ft 273, 62, 41-43, I2ft i65-i6ft 191, 259, 26ft 271, 
273, 274, 63, 53» 69, 73» 91, 101-105, 109-115, "ft 127, I2ft 135. 
151, 155» i8ft 221, 261, 26ft 287, 297, 303, 64, 3ft 4Ï» 4ft 95, 9ft 
lift 123, 147, 14ft 237, 241, 245» 247, 261, 269, 271, 273-275. 6s, 
33. 3ft 53, 57» 5ft 7ft 9». 95. 97. 175. 183-187, 258, 261, 262, 271, 

66, 31» 33. 37, 67, 77f 7ft 87, 93. I2i, 125, 135, 161, 163, 173. 189- 
197, 203, 215, 33ft 341, 343. 345. 346, 67, 35, I77, W, 205, 20ft 
211, 23ft 68. 27, 75. 207, 261, 69, 37, 39, 9X» loi. 103, 115 (colony 
and settlement). 

Description: variants of name, a, 304; Montag^nais name, 7, 205; 
tribes near, i, 303; principal town of New Prance, 48, 187; im- 



268 JESUIT RELA TIONS [QimImc 

Quebec (continued) — 
DESCRIPTION (continued) — 
portant as port of transfer, 19, 65 ; strategic position of, 46, 151, 
48, 183-187; harbor, 185, 60, 139. 

Location: 4, 191» »», 203, 38, 231, 46, 151, so, 173; distance 
from Dieppe, 5, 65; distance from sea, 9, 153, 48, 185; distance 
from Montreal, 44, 241 ; routes to, from Abenaki villages, 67, 121 ; 
lower and upper towns, 48, 15ft 50, I73-I75f 59» 3i5> 60, 139-141»' 
64, 47-49b 66, 191, 71, 107; villages near, 34, 31a 50, 245. 

Population, etc: Population — in 1636, 9, 141, 301; in 1661, 46, 
151; in 1676, 60, 143; ^ee also Immigration. Climate» 28, 141, 
65> 71-73; compared with that of Sault St Louis, 68, 263. Tides 
at, 8, 39, 38, 163. 

Defenses: newly fortified (1634), 7, 229; fortifications, 9, 49^ 
137. 141» 153» 48, 215, 67, 333, 69, 233, 303; garrison at, 9, 141, 
44» 323» $9» 315 ; in state of defense against Iroquois, 45» I95 ; en- 
virons of, without, 195; suggestions regarding, 46, 151; soldiers 
winter at, 49, 165; Catalogne makes map of district of, 67, 333; 
present citadel, 36, 248. See also Forts : Quebec 

Social and economic conditions — in 1636, 9, 139, 10, 7-9; in 
1642, 22, 39; in 1643» «» 283; in 1666, 50, 173-175; in 1667, 247; 
new buildings at, 9, 137, 301, 19, 67; commerce with Prance, 33, 
^37f 307, 25, 161, 50, 247; commerce with Sept Isles, 69, 123; eel- 
fishery at, 23, 307; shipbuilding at, 69, 237; wages at, 28, 201. 
View of (1722), 67, 9, 49» 71» 217. 

Events in History: Cartier at (i535» i54i> IS43)» x» a, 2, 209, 
304, 306, 3, 292-293; Roberval at (1641), i, 2, 3, 293; De Monts 
at (1608), I, 99-101. 2, 167, 209; founded by Champlain (1608), 
I, 4, 2, 209, 300, 304; Hébert, first settler, 308; Champlain's re- 
lations to, 4, 256-258; Champlain desires to make an agricultural 
colony, 267-268; sickness at, 3» 5i» 292, 10, 57, 32, 71, 69, 233; 
captured and burned by English (1629), i, 8» 17, 2, 30Q, 308^ 4, 
257. 260, s» 39» 8, 288, 312, 17, 243» »9. 37, 3^, 312, 38, 229; re- 
stored to Prance (1632), 2, 300, 4, 255-258» 26Q, 42, 269; neglect- 
ed by trading companies, 258; claims of ICirks to, s, 277; desti- 
tution, 15, 247, 32, 107; Montreal colonists at, 21, 312; liquor 
traffic forbidden at, 22, 241; immigrants at, 23» 289; monopoly 
of fur trade ceded to habitants (1645), 4, 258» 27, I37-I39^ ^8, 
235; founders of, seek advice of Berchereau, 27, 312; crafts o^ 
in religious procession, 28, 193; assistance sent from, to Three 
Rivers (1650), 38» 53; envoys sent from, to New England (1651), 
36, 246-247; Van Curler invited to (1667), 25, 267; assembly 



Québec] INDEX 259 

held at, 6a, 7, 14-15* 157-165, 269, 273, 71, aoo. Eoglish plan at- 
tacks on, 64, 97-99» 66, 343; expeditions against (1690), 64, 41- 
55» 259» ^4-^5; besiege, 68, 33; Livingston and St Castin at, 
69» 253; E^ish prisoners at, 999, 70, 197; trade with Detroit, 
306; emigrants to West from, 307; surrendered to English 
(1759), 69, 986-a88, 70, 311-313» 71» ^% 388; works relating to, 
251, 257.258, 303-305» 307. 

GOVEINMEITT — 

French régime: council — complaints to, 8, 312; disputes with 
court, 43» 73; accused of fraud, 46, 303; governor reappoints, 47, 
279; secretary of, 50, 207; originates engagé system, 63, 275; acts 
of, j8, 209, 30, I59b 44» 93» 50, 207; members of, 9, 305, 27» 3". 
34» 41» 44» 331» 48» ^» 8O, 207, 325, 56, 263, 65, 261, 67, 339» 69, 
141; Arrêts of, cited, 50, 326. Council of three — established, 30, 
191; members, 306. Justice — character, 9, 143-145; punishments, 
145, j8, 167-169, 32, 83 ; lack of police regulations, a8, 251 ; crimi- 
nal becomes public executioner, 33, 105; prisons, French in, 
105; Jesuits labor in prisons, 66, 211. Record office, 38, 247; meth- 
od of paying salaries of officials, 34, 63; fines, how applied, 63; 
governor disputes with habitants, 44, 93; governor's residence at, 

4«» 187. 

English regime: Legislative council, 71, 97, 384. Quebec Act, 
objects and scope, 71, 391-393; cited, 93; citations regarding, 39/. 
Crown lands, 71, 342; MS. in office of, 384. See also Archives, 
and Libraries. 

EcCUtSIASTICAI, AND EDUCATIONAL— 

Ricollets: at Quebec, i, 6, 4, 259^ 83» 303> 69, 304, 308; aided 
by seminary, i, 14; convent of (N. D. des Anges), first in Canada, 
4, 259; history of convent, 71, 305. See also Récollets. 

Jesuits: at Quebec, i, 8, 16-21, 9, 301, is, 275, 16, 253, 18, 53, 
75, 109, 181, 255, ai» 241, 283, 295» 312-313» «2» 37. 135. 317» «3, 35» 
81, 247-24ft 273, 326-327, 24» 31a» ^5, 41, 97» 245, 271, 26, 153, 167, 
»7, 57» 81-83, 93» 105» 135» 28» 189, 213, 273. 320, 29, 169, 31» 17-21, 
38» 57-61, 36, 115, 250^ 37» 95» 40, 155» 161, 191-193, 67, 25, 133» 149» 
231» 331» 68, 25, 57-59» 233-237» 255» 281, 328-333» 69, 35» 57, 75-77, 
129-139, 151, 197-199» 286-287, 289-293» 305, 70, 81-85, 71, 387, 
394-395, 400; seek aid from, 33, 326, 36, 201; cedes lands to^ 38, 
209, 217; teach in Ursuline convent, 30, 203; gifts to^ 33, 75; 
transfer Huron mission to, 38, 197-209; lands in upper and lower 
towns, 47, 259; Rale sends bayberry wax to, 67, 89; provisions 
sent to Rale from, 115, 243; Rale urged to retire to, 119; bishop o^ 
i^points Le Petit vicar-general, 69, 33; estates in district of, 71, 
67-85. 

Residences— N. D. des Anges, 7, 233, 263, 8, 47, 63, 290, 309, 9, 
7, 107, 295, 301, 303, II, 55, 65, 121, 125, 13, 139, 141, 191, 19, 63, 6s, 



960 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Quebec 

QuiCBEC (continued) — 

XCCU8IA8TICAL AKD SDUCATJONAL: JesUttS (cOOtinued) — 

49, 209, 60, 316; named by Lalemant, 4, 227; i^jored by Eog^sh, 
5. 45; needs and advantages, 6, 37-41, 47-55» 5ft 69-7Ì 77-79; loca- 
tion, 6, 326^ 7, 263, 43, 299; Indian seminary at, 6, 337, 14, 231, M, 
77; maintained by Gamache, 7, 265; burned, 19, 67; priests and lay 
brothers at, sa, 41, 98, 191; baptism at, 24, 77; tabernacle oi lent 
to Ursulines, ay, loi ; Jesuit lands at, a8, JOft 217, 47, 261 ; Jesuit 
cattle-yard opposite, 38, 317. Quebec» 10, 31, 14, 117, aa, 33, 27, 
41, 169, 23f 271, ay, 127, 307, a8, 181, 4a, 300, 69, 43* 304» 7i» 1« ; 
location, 7, 263, ay, 311, 4a, 299^ 50, 175; pnncqMtl residence, 47, 
255; described (1667), «o, 175; burned (1640), z8, 7& 19, 65-^, 
36, 250^ 4a, 29^-299; baptisms at, 18, iiç; oven built at, ay, 85; 
habitants contribute toward erection of, 89, a8, 227, 31ft 35, 39; 
alms given to persons living in, ay, iii; Goupil at, a8, X17; in- 
crease given to^ 237; preparation for, building, 30, 159^ 165, 173; 
begun, 179; finished (1647), 203; consultations at, iSs-tè/, 191, 
35. 39-41, 61, 38, 199» 43, 37, 6a, 157-165, 273, 7i, 226; 
fire at, 30, 187; superior of, obtains special privileges regarding in- 
dulgences, 34, 63; chapel erected at, 35, 291; Ursulines visit, 36, 
115; petition regarding, 43, 73; nuns lodge at, 4$, 153; land at, 47, 
259; number of residents on land of, 261; rented, 6s, 183; Laval 
takes refuge in (1705), 45, 270; rented, 65, 183; secular priest takes 
refuge in, 69, 237; appurtenances of, 71, 103; to be fortified, 230, 
See also below Churches and chapels, and Colleges, seminaries, and 
schools : Jesuits. 

Ursulines: see Ursulines; and below Churches and chapels: 
Ursuline. 

Diocese: 47, 319; created (1674), 45, 269; bishop of, writes to 
royal council, 67, 81 ; Illinois missions assigned to Seminarists, 69, 
223; authority of, in Louisiana, 70, 223, 227; Illinois dependent 
upon, 71, 35; vacancy in, after conquest, 388; Briand's services to, 
388; bishops of, 48, 269-270, 63, 301-302, 69, 237, 285-286. Rapport 
Missions, cited, 46, 303, 57, 318, 59, 305, 60. 322, 68, 326, 69, 26(^ 
71, 309, 389. Mandements, 71, 258. See also the several bishops. 

Churches and chapels — 

Jesuit — 14, 27, 38, 291, 38, 201, 46, 45, 165, 5', 95, 5«, 235, 60, 
127, 64, 47, 51, 66, 211, 69, 75, 71, 103; habitants contribute toward 
erection of, ay, 89, 28, 227, 319, 35, 39, 50, 175; stone quarried for 
(1646), a8, 239; begun, 30, I95-I97, 35, Si; instruction at, 38, 201; 
discussion regarding erection, 45, 113-115; baptisms in, 27, 113; 
method of heating, 115; services in, 45, I53-I55; burials in, 49, 



;] INDEX 261 



175; ornaments, 50, 175, 56, 283-265; illustrations of, so, % 188, 
71, 9, 24, 217-218» 394. Huron church at, 49, 75-ioi, 53, 237. Set 
also above Jesuits: residences; and Chapels. 

Parish churches — 36, 79» 27, 109, 28, 179, 203, 32, 103, 215, 46, 
159» 161, 167, 64, 43, 47, 69, 304- N. D. de Récouvrance, 14, 27, 16, 
159; first parish diurch of Quebec, 43, 296; buih l^ Champlain 
(1633), 4, 256, 6, 103, 326; aided by Hundred Associates, 6, 81; 
Jesuit residence at, 7, 263 ; enlarged, 309» 9, 145 ; Jesuits at, 8» 291 ; 
services at, 11, 65; celebration near, 69; Champlain's legacy to^ 
13, 269; procession at, 15, 229; Indians baptized in, 16, 119; 
burned (1640), 19, 65, 42, 273» 299; gifts to, 7, 15-16, 269-28% 
292-293, 296» 71, 19a; image at, 43, 269-271, 279. N. D. de Paix — 
name, 43, 299; collections and gifts for, 275-289^ 299; erection of, 
299; chkpds of, 299; clergy-house near, 299; proceedings of church- 
wardens cited, 299. St. Joseph, services in, 40, 149 (chapel of N. D. 
de Paix? See 43, 299). Notre Dame, 47, 87; registers of, cited, 
30, 304, 43, 321, 46, 303; see above N. D. de Récouvrance and 
N. D. de Paix. Cathedral (now known as Basilica) — the parish 
church, so, 175; bs4>tisms in, SZ» 53*55» 63* 189; canons of, 69, 
133» 7>> ^; comer-stone laid (1748), 400; rebuilt, 388; services 
in. III; history, 335. N. D. de la Victoire — location, 64, 47; 
origin of name, 47. (For following no name given, but see parish 
churches later than N. D. de Récouvrance) — Jesuits officiate in, 
13, 275, 33, 326, 36, 250; Hurons baptized in, 34, 117; Indians f<Mr- 
bidden to enter, 3S, 261 ; Algonkins at, 279, 39, 93 ; proceeds from 
fur trade devoted to, 37, 89 ; change of bells in, loi ; furniture and 
ornaments aold to^ loi ; tabernacle of, 38, 181 ; candles sent to 
Three Riiiers from, 245; building erected for, 33, 83, 34, 41, 36, 
173 ; Jesuits furnish wax for, 34, 41 ; consecrated, 3Si 61 ; Ursulinet 
at, 36, 115; choir of boys at, 173; dergy-house of, 43, 324, 4S> 271 ; 
wardens of, 165, 46, 15^163, 167, 47, 281, 295; secular priests 
at, 4s, 271 272, 47, 319; sells land to Jesuits, 259; large, 48, 233; 
as cathedral, so, 175; dedicated, 191 ; new chapel, s>» 235; services, 
etc., in, 38, 14s. 159-161, 30, 169, 203, 3a, 73, U> 41-49, Z5, 33» 
37, 36, IIS, MS, 44, 131, 4S, 27» 107, "3, 129-131, I37-I4ft IS3-I59, 
167, 48, 233, BZ, I". 

Ursuline —36, 79; Algonkins at, 18, 75; chapel blessed, 43, 79* 

Hospital —36, 79; chapel dedicated, 38, 171. 

Anglican cathedral — site, 37, 311, 43, 298. 

Colleges, seminaries, and schools — 

Récollet — planned, 4, 262-263. 

Jesuit — coll^^e, i, 219, 7, 309, 40, 61, 41, 257, 47, «59, 80, 3^4 
S3, 25ft s8, 155, 60, 127, 143, 321-322, 61, 273, 31& 64, 43, 4» 133, 



262 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Quebec 

Quebec (continued) — 

ECCLESIASTICAL AND EDUCATIONAL: Colleges, etc, (continued) — 
273» 275, 65, 181, 183, 66, 147, 213, 215, 67, 331, 6«, 27, 53» 57, 79^ 
327, 331» 69, 23ft 28s, 291, 71» 93» 152, 175» 176, 178» 180^ 384; 
projected, 7, 265; founded (1636), 9, 149, 310, 16, 19, 256; erection» 

6, 327, 7» 309» 9» 301, 32, 81-83, 107, 34» 43» 63, 42, 265 ; begun, ^ 
327; part of expenses borne by community, 39, 39; students wel- 
come governor, 36, 147; seminary befi^un (1651), 175; refuge for 
habitants from Iroquois, 38, 295 ; burned, 4a, 265 (error, see 298) ; 
Joliet at, 50, 324 ; priests study in, 56, 301, 68, 331 ; aided by Louis 
XIV., 65, 181 ; missionaries retire to, 187 ; number of Jesuits res- 
ident at, 187, 66, 211, 69, 75-77, 70, 81-85; maintains Montreal 
residence, 67, 51-53; revenues, 65, 181 -185; revenues of, dimin- 
ished, 67, 51 ; portrait of Louis XV. sent to, 69, 235 ; Hospital nuns 
in, 237; rectors of, keep journal, 239; missionaries buried at, 71, 
143; exempt from tithes, 376; buildings appropriated by British 
government, and institution discontinued (1768), 394; used for 
barracks, 8, 292, 42, 297-298, 71, 236, 241, 394; demolished (1878), 
8, 292, 71, 236, 241. Officers and instructors in, 8, 290-291, 36, 250, 
41, 257, 47, 317, 49, 274. 50, 323, 325. 327, 57» 318, 58, 155» 296, 297, 
59, 307» 60, 141, 320-322, 66, 209-211, 343-344, 68, 332» 69, 75-77» 
304, 70, 81-85, 71, 398; studies and courses in, so, 323, 56, 301, 
66, 209-211, 68, 332, 69, 288, 71, 236. Library at, 41, 251, 68, 327, 
71, 103. Illustrations, 50, 8» 188, 71, 9, 24, 217-218, 394; see also 
above Jesuits: residences; and Churches and chapels: Jesuit 
School for French, 7, 241, 265, 8, 227, 9, 301, 36, 250, 70, 83. Sem- 
inary chiefly maintained by Jesuits, 42, 285. School of Navigation, 
69, 285. Maintain primary school until 1776, 71, 394. Seminaries 
for Indians, 7, 265, 9, I77, "» 123, I93, 14, 127, 257, 16, 33-35, 9& 
169, 249-251, 18, 79, 52, 261; needed, 5, I45, 6, 83, 89, 151-1SS» 8, 
181 ; established, 6, 327, 9, 107, 293, 301 ; aided by Hundred Asso- 
ciates, 16, 33; deaths in, 95, 187; pupils in, 99, loi, 161; Huron 
seminary, lo, 33, 11, 11, 17, 49, 81, 83, 129, la, 41-43, 6i, 111-113, 
145, 215, 235, 243, 255, 13, 9, "9, 125, 14, 127, 243, 255» 257, 273, 
16, 175, 249, 23, 177, 39, 127, 129; to be founded, 8, 227; begun, 
II, 17; reports of, 12, 39-115, 16, 169-207; order observed ix, 12, 
63-67; growth, 239; pupils baptized, 14, 161; character of pupils, 
231, 241; pupils for, desired, 255; adults received in, 16, 169-171, 
251 ; pupils in, 91, 171-173. Indians placed in school with French, 

51, 173. 
Ursulines: See Ursulines: seminary. 

Quebec Seminary: See Séminaire des Missions Étrangères. 

Boutet'8 school for French children, 27, 314. 



QMbec] INDEX 2G3 

Petit Séminaire — Laval founds (1668), 45, 269, 59, a6i; Indian 
boys in, 91, 173; journal published at, 4J, 292, 60, 311, 71, 331. 

Miscellaneous: religious orders come to, 16, 19, 358; celebration 
of feast of St Joseph at, 37, 211 ; procession in honor of Virgin at, 

39, 69; archiépiscopal archives at, 43, 299, 46, 303. Parish of, 43, 
73, 53, 257; marriages in, 51, 167. Clergy, tithes for support of, 

48, 396; banner of Our Lady displayed at, 64, 47. Afchiepisoopal 
palace, St Vallier's portrait in, 71, 210; rebuilt, 388; history, 312. 
See also below Hospitals. 

Hospitals— 

Hotel-dieu: 16, 35. 55, «o, 125, 207» 23, 328, 36, 23, 305, »7, 109» 
36, S9^ 41» 211, 231, 233» 253i 4a, 259, 43, 23, 25, 29» 33, 35, 77, 3^^ 
44, 227, 361, 45, 39, 87, 99, 107, 109, 137, 143-147, 151, 153, 167, 
26s, 46, "5, 165-169, 47, 189, 49, 167, 205, 207, 50, I59b 5i, "i, 
301, 53, 109^ 57, 41, 312, 61, 43, 267, 63, 41, 63, 73, I", 64, 275, 
71, ^ 400; needed at, 7, 291, 9, 99-ioi; projected, 8, 235, ", 

49, 55, III, 14, 125, 217; founded (1639). 8, 310^ 16, 9, 21-23, 19, 
II, 33, 33, 34, 157, 39, 43, 55, 3"-3i3; called "house of mercy," 
34, 157; name, 53, 107; how dedicated, 16, 25-27; first superior 
of, 38, 241, 31, 163; procession at, 15, 237; difficulties attending 
conunencement, 19, 9; extent of work, 11; first patient at, 16, 99; 
crowded, 55, 217; receives reinforcements, 18, 65, 41, 241-243; 
nuns abandon, 34, 159; building to be completed, 159. Built at 
Sillery (1640-41), 16, 258» 30, 235, 34, 159^ 31, 163; houses built 
for Indiana near, 33, 169, 173; accounts of work at (Sillery and 
Quebec), 30, 233-253, 33, I55-I77, «4, i57-i89> «5, 193-221; aided 
from Prance, 20, 237-239, 49, 201 ; removed to Quebec (1644)1 1« 
19, 35, 193-195, 31, 163, 73, 14; see also Hospitals: Sillery. In- 
diana at (patients, etc), 16, 29, 33, 18, 137, I47-I49, 169, 185, 215, 
225, 19, 9-25, 20, 239-241. 23, 155, 27, 91, 103, 38, 147, 153, 157, 
277, aÇi 83, 93t 32, 71, 91, 207, 243, 271, 34, 63, 36, 205-207, 213, 

40, 229b 53, 245; Indian gives alms to» 18, 157; instruction at, 19, 
11« 35, 247; supplies furnished Hurons from, 38, 151 ; cabin erected 
for Indians at, 35, 43; Indians converted at, 40, 331-233. French 
at, 33, 169^ 33, 21, 36, 61, 50, 85-87; patients in (Prendi and In- 
dian), 31, 161, 32, 21, 49, 199, 203-205, 51, 105-107, 52, 105. Vi- 
mont, business agent for, 15, 249; Jesuits take refuge in, 19, 67; 
used as church, 67 ; comforts needed in, 33, 175 ; Goupil, phjrsiciaii 
at, 34, 312, 38, 117; church of, 36, 79; provision for priest at 
27, 87-89; relics given to, 99; services at, 105, 117, 38, 145, 161- 
163, 30, 165-169, 177-179, 189-Ï93, 197, 201, 32, 77-83, 89, 97-99, 
103-107, 34, 41-53, 35, 31, 35-37, 47, 53, 61, 36, ii5-"7; servants of. 
38, 167 ; chapel o^ dedicated, 171 ; burial from, 33, 7$ ; arrest at 
87 ; washing of feet at, 19, 23, 33, 217, 35, 125, 28, 177, 34, 45. 35, 



264 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

Quebec (continued) — 
Hospitals: Hotel-dieu (continued)— 

37; Jesuit superior at, 34, 53, 35, 49; superior elected at, 36, 143; 
Urstdines lodge at, 215; nuns, character of, 41, 231 (sêê also Hos- 
pital nuns) ; supplies for, lost, 231 ; Le Jeune writes to, 41, 937-243» 
4d> 33-25; boarders at, 45, 139; benediction used at, 47, 319; 
supplies for, requested by nuns, 49, 205-211, 50, 161- 163, 31, 111-115, 
53, 107-109; revolving box at, $1, 115; fire at, 69, 235-437; estates 
belonging to^ 71, 75 ; exempt from tithes, 376 ; relics of Brébenl at» 
4, 266; Jesuit archives at, 28, 305; history, 71, 310; annals of, 
cited, 42, 297. 

General: founded (1693), 11, 277, 63, 301-302» 69, 235; chap- 
lains at, 65, 261, 71, 387 ; history, 305. 

Sacré Coeur: chaplain of, 71, 383-384. 
RESTIONS WITH Aborigines : Indians at, 14, 245, 275, 15, 223^ 207- 
333f ^3> 221, 32, 9^-93» 3S, 169^ 173» ^79> 181; seminaries for, at, 
14, 127, 16, 33-35, 95, 169, 175, 187» 249-251, 18, 79i 19. 37-57; 
converts married at, 18, 127; baptisms at, 16, 119^ 33, 83; for- 
bidden to enter church, 25, 261; buried at, 33, 71; insane, 
cured at Ursnline convent, 233; councils at, 44, 207-213, 53, 

43-51. 

Names and data: Abenakis at, 67, 65, 95, 203. Algonkins at, 16^ 

63, 157, M, 47-49» 79> "3» "I, 133, »3, 331» 24, 21, 35, 71, «5* 53r 
243-245, a6i, 279, ^6, 139, 303, 27, 37, «9, 03» 91-93» 3«, asi» 4* 61 ; 
trade at, 3i, 247; dwell near, 28, 169^ 39, 45; baptized at^ 37, 113. 
Attikamègues at, 23, 299, 315, 24, 69. Hurons at, lé, 169, 173, 
181, 17, 171, 19, 89, 97, 251, 20, 77f 81, 23, 13s, 147, 191, 195, 307. 
33, 167, 215, 297, 24, 103-107, 36, 71» 233» 293-295, 38» 95» 318, 39, 
71, 247» 279, 31» 21, 32, 71» 38, a3i, 39» 177» 42, 235» 48, 61, 49. 
227, »2, 19, 155, 229, 69, 285, 70, 205-207; seminary for, at, 14, 45» 127, 
161, 231-243, 255-257, 273, 15. 137, x6, 169-17Ï» 251; bB^tiMd at, 
14, 161, 24, 117; girls in Ursuline seminary, 31, 175; sede shelter 
at, 38, 193-197, 36, 59; mission transferred to, 35, 197-209; wish 
to live at, 43, 75; fort in, 45, 245; church at, 49, 75-ioi; trade 
at, 66, 157. Iroquets at, 25, 245. Iroquois raids near, 35, 4i-43f 
44, 219, 47, 107; threatened by, 38» 165, 36, 119. 40, 103; envoys at, 
38, 195-199, 40, 91, 117, 155, i6s, 183-191, 41, 19-21, 51, 217» 
42, 253, 48, 81, 49, 149, 50, 127-131, 135-139» 51» 81, 241 ; Jesuit col- 
lege a refuge for habitants from, 38, 295; prisoners at, 44» 3i5* 
Montagnais at, 33, 305, 36, 129, 39, 65. Souriquois at, 68, 107. 
Miscellaneous: fires at, 19, 65-^, 41, 251, 45» 264« 4^» i^i, ^ 
235; French at (settlers, officers, etc.), 3i, 31B, 33, 65, 247, 23, 
279» 328, 24, 127, 293, 309» 25, 71» 26, 83, 37^ 251, 312-313. 
38, 199, 213, 227-229, 235» 315-317, 320b 3a» 73» 79^ 49» 225, 67, 61, 



QMbec] INDEX 266 

65« 335f 69, 197, 291, 309; brandy brought to, aa, 243; store at, 
34i 57; obtains power from Montmorency Falls, 309; 
bridge at, 98, 195; dungeon in fort, 205. Warehouse — 29, 247, 
32, 75» 91, 43, 73» 45, I5S, 60, 139; Indians driven from, JS, «63; 
pays for Indian garments for king, 27, 85; salutes fired from, 
87, 93; depository for furs, 103; price of bread at, 103; quality 
of bread made at, 107; heats Jesuit church, 115; furnishes sup- 
plies to Indians, 38, 151, 171; Chastelets general agent at, 167; 
famishes provisions to De Quen, 191; play at, 251; orders on, 
30, 157; ballet at, 159; gift from, to Jesuits, j^, 75; Indians at, 
91-93 ; May-pole at, 95 ; transactions at, 99 ; porter at, accused of 
theft, 34, 51; furnishes material, 35, 33; Iroquois check pros- 
perity of, 40, 21 1 -213; procession at, 47, 283. New- Year's gifts at, 

28, 143-145, 30, 153-155, 3a, 67, 34. 39, 35, 31, 36, 113, 47, 273» 
48, 22s. Cemetery, Indians buried in, 33, 71 ; French buried in, 
73, 79. Grande Allée (street), 34, 51; the Grange, 53; beaver 
htmled near, 36, 105; French warships at, 37, 264; merchants, 
wares of, seized, 43, 75; comets and meteors visible at, 48, 37- 
39^ 50, 69-77; altitude of pole at, 69; carnival at, 68, 315; ac- 
comit of forge sent to, 69, 105; canoe sent to, from Sept Isles, 
III. 
$€€ also Canada, Jesuits, New France, Récollets, and Ursulines. 



Quebec (province), 71, 65, 93, 105; minerals, 8, 269; fisheries in, 
9, 311; northern part described, 46, 277-281 ; population, 71, 307; 
councils of, under English régime, 392, 395; Jesuit estates 
otded U>, 393; payment for Jesuit estates expended within, 393; 
courts of, 395. Crown Lands department, cited, 4, 268; archives 
of Jesuit estates transferred to, 36, 234. Record office, Jesuit ar- 
chives deposited in, 39, 267; Jesuit title-deeds recorded in, 71, 
99. Counties— -Beauce, 50, 325; Bellechasse, 35, 290, 50, 320, 

70, 316; Champlain, 43, 321; Hochelaga, is, 273; Jacques Car- 
tier, 273; Lotbinière^ 5, 284, 8, 311 ; Montmorency, 8, 305, 9, 312; 
Orsainville, origin, 49, 275; Portneui 71, 391; Saguenay, 7, 309; 
Yamaska, 12, 274, 66, 345. Publications by provincial govern- 
ment, 48, 296, 71, 225, 244-245, 2S9b 309. Publications relating to, 

71, 225, 244-^5, «59, 302, 306-307, 309, 343-344- 

Quebec Literary and Historical Society: publishes MSS., 21, 312, 
90, 32t. Transactions, dted, 18, 256, 67, 335, 69, 303» fo, 
312, 71, «43, 274» 395, 3Q2, 310-31 1, 331, 347. Hist Dqcs., dted, 
SO, 321, 67, 334» 71, ^ ^ 352, 257-259. CoUscHons, 69, 303- 
Mémoires, cited, 71, 243. 

Quebin. See Gebin and Gibbons. 



2Ô6 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Qoelq 



''Quelques lettres," cahier labeled, 64, 269. 

Quen, ^ count de, at Quebec, 36, 137. 

Quen, Charles, captain of vessel, goes to Tadoussac, 36, lai. 
QuEN (Dequen), Jean de, Jesuit, 9, 295, 11, 65, 87, 111-115» ia3» 
203, 315, 245, 3S9, 12, 141, 147, 153. 175. 18, 105, 143» ^1% »7, a8, 
177-181. 3«, 191» 4«» 291, 292, 43, 75, 331, 45, 270, 71, 13s ; arrives 
in Canada (1635), 8, 61, 291 ; lover of ceremony, 9, 147; adopted 
by Indians, 27, 97-99 ; gifts to, 28, 145 ; reports council at Three 
Rivers, 149» 315 ; present at drama, 251 ; discovers Lake St John 
(1647), 14, 287, 31, 251-253, 290; D'Ailleboust complains o( 43. 
61; death and burial (1659), 8, 291-292, 45, 115-117; circular let- 
ter on, 117; bones discovered (1878), 8, 292, 43| 298; as ex- 
plorer, 8, 291; as linguist, 22, 221; sketch, 8, 291, 71, 113» 141; 
facsimile writing, 14, frontispiece, viii, 71, 210. 
Missionary labors: at Quebec college, 8, 291; at Jesuit resi- 
dences, 65, 291, 9, 301, II, 121; baptisms by, 9, 45-47f zi> 83, 107, 

30, 159; instructs French, 8, 227, 11, 225, 36, 250; at hospital, 16, 
109; at Sillery (St. Josq>h; 1640-49), 8, 291, 22, 41, 4ft «4. 47. 
57, 165, 35, 119-121, 137, 149, 155, «9, 27, 81, 97, i", "7, «8» 
153; at mission stations, 8, 291; aids sick Indians, 18, 137, 213, 
19, 9» silences Teswehat, 20, 291; opposes medidne-nany 295; 
teaches catechism, 23, 175; with Montagnais, 34, 125-129^ 133-139, 
143, 35, 145; requests Marsolet to baptize sick when necessary, 
34, 133; reproves convert, 35, 187; at Tadoussac, 36, 1Q3, 129- 
153, i»8, 189* 221, 30, 175, 185, 193, 31, 231, 3«, 87, 99-ÏOI, 3», 
43, 4ft 36, 137; at feast of resuscitation, 26, 159-161; goes to Cha- 
vigny's house, 28, 155; Lalemant constdts with, 183-185» 223; ad- 
vises Lalemant, 205; officiates, 165, 199, 35, 5ft 36, 123, 38, 169; 
tries to recover Indian captive, 30, 181; at Beauport, 33, 71, 4^, 
259; in Saguenay district (1647, 1651-53), 8, 291, 31» 249-255, 3^, 
127, 225, 37, 211-229, 233; joins relief expedition, 38» 175; 
superior of missions (1655-56), 8, 291, 43» 45, 85, 319; at conndl, 

45. 
Writings: letters — writes for Tekwerimat, 38, 65; ctted, I3, 

219, 43, 85. (ReL 1636). 9, 63-65; {Rei. 1639). 16, 31 Ì (^'. 
1640), i8, 171-173; (Rei. 1640-41), 30, 23ft 259-265; (RêL 1647), 

31, 13, 249-253; (Rei. 1655-56), 42» ft 31-35* Jaumai dês lésuiiêi 
— (1656), 42, 7, 247-261, 292. 71, 192; (1657), 43, 7» ^i^ 27-57, 
59-77, 3ift 322, 71, 192; (1658Ì, 44, 7, 12-14, 55-87, 9I-I07, 109-in, 
321-322, 71, 192; (1659), 45, 79-87, 95-1", 267, 270, 71, 192. R^^ 
ation (1655-56), 42, 7, 9-14, 17-245, 291-292, 71, 192. 

Quenet, Jean, parish church debtor to, 42, 283. 
Queiitin, a Huron: dying conversion of, 36, 205-207. 



Qnlndre] INDEX 267 

■■'■■■ ■ — • I 

Quentin (Quantin), Claude, Jesuit, 8, 251, 259, 9, 243, 71, 135; 
arrives in Canada (1635), 8, 47, 290; at Jesuit residence, 65; at 
Three Rivers (1635-37), 290; studies Indian language, 257; aids 
Indians, 9, 35, 193; present at eat-all feast, 199; sent to Miscou, 
301; at Quebec, 12, 193; at Sillery (1638), JO, 309; at Miscou 
(1638), 8, 290; loses health at Miscou, 290, 32, 89; procuror of 
Canadian missions (1641-47), 8, 290, 27, 87; voyages to and 
from France, 8, 290* 20, 119, 27, 81, %j, 28, 231-233» 239» 30, 189; 
final return to France (1647), 8, 290^ 30, 195; sketch, 8, 290^ 71, 
141. 

Quentin (Quantin, Quintin), Jacques, Jesuit, 71, 135; arrives in 
Acadia (1613), i, 6^ I3> i^ 227, 2, 247, 307, 3, 261; appointment, 
I, 318; captured by English, 6, 131, 231-233, 2, 265, 3, 9; sketch, 
^, 307, 71, 137-138. 

Quer (Querch, Quercq). See Kirk. 

Quérard, J. M. : France littéraire, cited, 66, 327, 71, 222. 

Querbeuf, Yves Mathurin Marie de, Jesuit : edits Lettres édifiantes, 
66, 312, 318. 

Quetzalcoatl, Aztec hero and deity, 8, 286. 

Queues (Queues) coupées, French appellation of Kiskakons, 92, 
205, 262; origin of name, 33, 271. See also Kiskakons. 

Queylus (Kaylus, Kelus, Kélus, Quelus), (jabriel, abbé de, Sulpi- 
tian supericM- at Montreal, 44, 85, 91, 105; associate of Olier, 
43, 322; Montreal Associates desire for bishop, 322; arrives 
in Canada (1657), 53, 322; appointed vicar-general for New 
France, 322; controversy with Jesuits, 19, 250, 43, 322; preaches 
against Jesuits, 59; offended at letters of Jesuits, 63; excommu- 
nicates criminals, 67; sues Jesuits, 73, 324; illness, 77, 44, 95; 
curé of Quebec, 43, 324; officiates, 44, 93, 43, 109; takes part in 
procession, 44, loi; dines with Jesuits, 103; brings Sulpitians 
from Prance, 322; invites Quebec Hospital nuns to Montreal, 322- 
323; at Quebec, 45, 107; dispute with Laval, iii-ii3f 46, 183, 

.303, 304; voyages to and from France (1659^ 1661, i6<^), 16, 

257-358, 48, "7, 4à, 183, 187, 303-304, 50, 330, 81, I77. 290^ 8a, 
43; plans missions among western tribes, 50, 320; final return to 
France (1671), 43, 322, 50, 321 ; retires from active life, 43, 3^] 
death (1677), 322; sketch, 322; works relating to, 7X1 236, 241. 

Quicklime, used at Quebec, 56, 261. 

Quieuindohan. See Ossossané. 

Quieunonascaran, Huron village: Récollets at, 4, 261. 

Quimper, Brittany, Hospital nuns at, 41, 187. 

Quinbequi. See Kennebec. 

Quinces, in Canada, 64, 137. 

Quindre, Louis Césaire, sieur de, 70, 309; at Detroit, 69, 307. 



JESUIT RELA TIONS [QuImIto 

Quindre, Mane Anne (Picoté) de, dealings with Detroit missione 

70» 55-57- Set also Dagneau, L. C. 
Quinebec (Quinbequi, Quinibequi). See Rivers: Kennebec. 
Quinnehtukgut. See Connecticut 
Quinnepiac (Quinnipiac), 36, 240; settled, 243. See èUo New 

Haven. 
Quinquajou. See Wolverine. 
Quintin. See Quentin, Jacques. 
Quivira (Quiuira), kingdom of, location, 59, 97, 307. 
Quivers: construction, 15, 246; Indians use, 18, 183, 55, 203» 59» 

133» 151. 
Quoddy Indians, 2, 292, See Openango. 
Quoe, salutation of Hurons, 38, 249. 

RABBIT, 7, 17, 17, 243, 67, 303; in Omaha folk-lore, is, 2711. 

Raccoon (cheU sauvage; wild cat; Procyon lotor), JK, 31$. Felts 
sold at Detroit mission, 69, 249-251, 269; shipped Ct> Montreal» 
261, 70, 49. See Cat, wild and Chat sauvage. 

Racemina, 66, 229. See Asimina, and Ptipaw. 

Racine, Etienne: with Hurons, j8, 229; house burned* 36^ 133; 
sketch, 247. 

Racine, Etienne Marin, Jesuit brother, 71, 135; at QndMc ooUcge, 
69» 77; sketch, 70, 85, 71» 177. 

Racket, in ball-games, 10, 327; origin, 5, 285. See also Raquettes, 
and Snowshoes. 

Rades, 71, 135. See Rale, S. 

RadoC, Madddne, marriage, 55, 320. 

Radegonde, Abenaki convert: piety, 63, 35, 51. 

Radishes, Indians abhor, 44, 279. 

Radisson, Marguerite, marriage, 28, 319. 

Radisson, Pierre Esprit, French explorer: marries Kirk's dau^tli- 
ter, 5, 277: with Algonkins, 42, 219-221, ^45, 235-237; with 
Jesuits at Onondaga, 4a, 296; visits northwestern tribes» 44. 
324; promoter of Hudson Bay Company, 28, 319; takes posses- 
sion of Port Nelson, 320; at Chequamegon Bay, 52, 262: with 
Sioux, 46, 69; Hudson Bay Company protests against, 60, 318; 
voyages and explorations, 4^» «QÔ, 44, 237, 247, 48, 272, 71, 338. 
Journal and other writings, i, 37, 34, 24/S, 42, 296, 45, 273, 71, 
359, 318, 322. 

Raffeix (Rafaix, Rafdx, Raffaix, Raffayse), Pierre, Jesuit, 47, 

309, 50, 199, 201, 63, 157, 159, 65, 41, 186, 187. 7i# ïo^ 
135; founds La Prairie mission, 48, 295, go, 217, 58, 294; ac- 
companies expedition against Iroquois, 50, 131, 147, 183; in 



1] INDEX 



Seneca mission, 56, 37» 57> 87i ipi» I99» 6S» 237t 59> 77i ^51» 
60, 175, 61, 21, 165, 235 — superior, 60, 147; with Cayugas, 56^ 
49; at La Prairie, 63, I5i> I55-I57f 161; sketch, 47, 31^ 390^ 
71, 14g. Reports of missions — Cayuga, 56, 49-57» 7X» I97; Sen- 
eca, 5S, 337-245, 71, 198; extract from letter, 61, 225-329. Maps 
Iv, 47» 3» 
Rafinesque, C. S.: Medical Plora, dted, 43, 325, 59, 308; òé, 343» 

71» 349. 
Rafts : made bgr Indians, 30, 273, 293, 4 J, 45, 63, 59-61 ; of timber, 
70, 31 — in Prance, 35, 83; Canadian-French terms lor, 3 J, 

313. 

Ragne, , marquis de: Biard accompanies, i, 97. 

Ragueneau, François, Jesuit, 71, 135 ; sketch, 9, 313, 71, 139. Miss. 
Gonad. Soc. Jesu, 1663-64, 9, 313. Letter to Oliva, 48, x8i3; tran^ 
lates Simon's account of earthquake, 47, 319^ 48, 183» 71» 194. 

RAGUCiftAU (Ragnaust), Paul, Jesuit, 36, 247, 37» 171» 4K» ^ 4^ 
293, 296, 43» 49» 59» 61, 65, 44» 77, I7l» 48» »5» I33> ISS* 4^ I49b 
47. «75» »0, 203, 85» 397» 7i» i35 ; arrives at Quebec, 9» »7» la» 
183; goes to Huron mission, 97-99» I93» x8, 256; labors 
therein, 15, 65, iii, 19» »9, 21, 67, 75» 283, 2J, 75, J3» 43» «6, 
221, at, 245» 35ft 60, 299— M superior, 28, 39, 3«. 149, », 
59-6s» 34» 35, 35» 51; his Huron appellation, 16, 239; at Onon- 
daga, 14, 289^ 43, 51, 44, 187; threatened bj an Indian, 19^ 21S 
261-263; conferences with Iroquois, 8, 296, 21, 39^ 43*Si» 4^» 
355; at Quebec 21, 141; confers with Montmagny, 55, 67; 
among Nipissings, 123; brings Hurons to Quebec, 39, 51; 
preaches, 61; vice-superior of Canadian missions, 57-S9» ttipe- 
rior, 3é, 15s, 71, 132; proposed as bishop of Canada, 36, 71; at 
St Joseph's bcmfire, 115; Druillettes writes to, 87» 137, 137-13^ I47» 
341; at Three Rivers and Montreal, 133-137, 37, 99; his New 
Year's gifts, 36, 113; officiates, 37, 119, 38, 169; aids Ursu- 
lines, 159; accompanies governor in official visits, 173; head of 
oolooial council, 46, 153; concession granted by, 71, 3i3; gifts 
to Quebec parish church, 42, 385; AUonez writes to^ 47, 
308^ 71, 313; returns to France, 47, 385; at Gaspé, 48, 435; 
sketch, 9* 313^ 71» 133, 123» 143; portrait, 38, froatispieoe^ 71, 
309; fKsimile writing, 38, 48, 71, 311. Chander, 29, 83; 
executive ability, 30, 14ft 32, 63-65; knowledge of human na- 
ture, 33, 145; leniency of judgment, I45-I47» 309. 
Wriimgs: letters — 164Q, 19, 211-315, 319-329; 1646^ af, 243- 

345; 164ft 33» 15-16, 353-371» 71» 189; 1650» 38» 9-10» i9-3ft 75-77» 

28s> 7«» 189-190; 1651» 36, 161-163, 71» 333; 1653, 37» 135-145; 

1657» 43» 33«>, 44. 69-77; 1658^ 44» I53-I7i. 17S-183; i<56l, 46, 



270 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Rwiet 

Raguensau: Writings (continued)— 

147-1491 302, 71, 193. Journal des Jésuites, ss, $$, api, aS, 294, 

71, 190-191. Afor* ^* v^rhw des Pères (MS. 1652), 9, 312, 3S, 295, 

71, 232. Mém. Domestiques, Ji, 17-18, 292-309. Relations — 1645- 

46, a9, 7, 71, 188; 1647-48. 21. 317, 33, 59, 71, 189; 1648-49^ 14» 

383, 34i 7ÌH8i, 71, 189; 1649-50» 36, 47» 71, 190; 1650-51, 21, 

317-318, 36, 161-163, 71, 190-191, 216; 1651-52, 37, 145, 71, 191. 

Vie de Mère St, Augustine, 9, 312. Describes Niagmra, 21, 316; 

sends map to Le Jeune, 18, 235; cited, 8, 301, 12, 209^ 26^ 20, 

305-307. 36, 250, 40, 255, 89. 308. 

Raguet, abbé, Beaubois writes to, 67, 271. 

Rails, fences of, 70, 23. 

Raimbault, (Charles, 18, iii, 19, 61, 20, 93, 97, 21, 123, 141, 241- 

245. See Raymbault. 
Raimbault, Marie Elizabeth, marriage, 69, 307. 
Raimond, 69, 187, 189. See Raymond. 
Rainbows, seen with parhelion, 05, 177. 
Raisins, 8, 149, 279. 281, 9, 157. 10, 203, 13, "3. "5. Î55. 167. iSft 

191, 195, 18, 69, 159. 17. 151. ^o, 21, 29, 91, sa, 267. 4i> 195» i». 

301, 89. 37, 66, 29. 
Raison, , servant of Jesuits: sent to Huron mission, 34, 

59. 

Raison, François, workman: drowned, 30, 173. 

Rale (Râle, Rale, Rades, Rasle, Rasles), Sébastien, Jesuit, 71, 

. 135; arrives in Canada, 67, 133; studies Indian tongues, 133, 
143-145; labors with Algonkins and Hurons, 147; joumej to 
Michillimackinac, 149-161; at Green Bay, 66, 347; labors with 
Illinois, 67, 147, 161-177; with Abenakis, i, 15, 66, 207, 67, 61, 6s 
85, 89, 119, 133-149, 177-191, 195-197, 203, 209-219; at council, 
107; correspondence with Baxter, 97-101, 336; relations with 
English, 66, 346, 67, 113-11S, 305, 229-235, 239, 337-338. 346; 
instructs Amalingans, 193; death, 231-237, 338Ì, 71. I57; 
sketch, 66, 346, 71, 157; life and character, 67, 237-245; circular 
letter on, 71, 230. Abenaki Dictionary, 67, 145, 338, 71, 274. 
Letters, 67, 14-18, 55, 84-119, 132-229, 328, 71, 204. Author (?) 
of Chaumonot's biography, 71, 235 ; cited, 3, 297, 65. 263. 

Raleigh, Sir Walter, writes to De Ruisseaux, 2, 310 

Ram, wild (argali ; ovis aries) : habitat, 2, 310. 

Ramage, Esther (Marie Ester), marriage, $1, 289; miraculous 
cure, 89-91 

Ramé, Alfred, editor, 71, 245, 246; Cartier, cited, 3, 292. 

Rameau, E.: Colon, féodale, 71, 310; français en Amérique, 
cited, 64, 275, 71, 309. 



i] INDEX 271 

RamezAjr, Qaude de, 67, 69; at Quebec, 53; policy regardmf 
Abenalds, 35; opinion of liquor-traffic, 45; term as governor, 
71, 117; sketch, 67, 331-332. Letters, cited, 67, 29-31, 67. 

Ramiiiy Barbe, sponsor in baptism, j, 161. 

Ramosk), Giovanni Battista: Navig. et viaggi, cited, a, 295, 302, 
3, 291-292, 7it 348, 259. 

Rand, Silas F.: Micmac Legends, 71, 278. 

Rangamoutton (Rangamout), prince of Madura: portrait, 66, 

317. 

Rangifer caribou, 3> ^97- See Caribou. 

Ranke» Leopold von, German historian: Hist, of Popes, dted, 4, 
263-264, 70, 31s, 71» 398. 

Rape: committed, i, 309, 48, 227; attempted, 36» 121; arrest 
^or, 34, 41 ; punished by hanging, 50, 217. 

Rapids (see also Falls, and Portages), 4, 195; of Canadian interior, 
30, 125,56, 169» i8i,2i3> 69» 47' In rivers: Baptiskam (Badscan), 
49, 53* Chamoucfaouan, 46, 267-273 — St Jean Bi4>tiste, 273. 
Chautauqua, 69, 163. Chicoutimi, 6S, 29. Des Prairies, ga, 
251, 58, 111-113, 1 17-123. Fox, 55, 191-193» 199, 57. 303. 88, 37. 
43» 89. 99--" Cedars," 54, 306; Des Pères (De Pere), 306; 
Grand Chute, 306; Kakalin (Grand and Little), 306; La Croche, 
30^ 58, 293 ; Winnebago, 54, 30$, 58, 297. Great Miami, 69, 299^ 
Kankakee, 66, 287. Manicouagan, 50, 21, 31. Missouri, 59, 141- 
143. Nemiskau, 56, 183. 201. Niagara, 69, 157. Onondaga, 43, 
149-151. Oswego, 44, 179^ OtUwa— 4. I9S-I97. 8, 294. i3. 
87, 91, 15, 135, 151, 193, 30, 75» 39» 99» 41» 77, 88, 93; C^at 
(Sauk aux CHiats), go, 253; Long Sault, 12, 276 (see also be- 

. low). Parana, 12, 2^6. Richelieu, 43, 71, 49, 165, 169. Sague- 
nay. 37* 2i3> 69, 117. St. Joseph, 66, 279. St. Lawrence, 8, 
75-77* 1«. 133-135, 272-373. 18, 227, 42, 215, 43, 139, 143. 46, 75. 63. 
55. 269^ 65, 29, 69, 157 — enumeration, 195-197; Long (Grand or 
Great) Sault, 12, 272, 43, 141, 49, 145, 69, 195; lochine (Sault St. 
Lows), I, 2, 91, J, 30Q1 5, 289, 8, 75, 294, 9, 139, 12, 133, 135. 273, 
30, 273, 42, 61, 295» 43, 51. 48. 247, 46, 24it go, 57. 87, 315. 88, 93, 
125, 295, 39, 89, 61, 51, 241, 62, 270, 71, 91 (see also Jesuits: mis- 
sion colonies, and Sault St. Louis). St Mary's 11, 279, gj, 
201 (see Sault de Ste. Marie). Shipshaw, 59, 29. Long (Grand) 
Sanh, of Ottawa River, 44, 237, 46, 121, 50, 251, 261 ; described. 
Id, 276, 69, 153, 195; Iroquois at, 26, 35, 28, 225; DoUard and 
his company slain by Iroquois (1660), 12, 276, 4g, 157, 272, 47, 
4ft 53; Jesuits at, 7, 2ift M, 227. 

Rapin, : gifts to^ 70, 57 ; serves Potier, 65. 

Rapin, Elizabeth, ipciasor in baptism, 70, 73, 77. 



172 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Ripp 

Rai>p» George, founds Economy, Pa., 69, 297. 

Rapport dt Véducation (Bas-Canada, 1824), cited, 71, 384 591- 

393, 4». 
Raquettes, 0, 127, 66, 155 ; etymology, 0, 284. See also Radoet àmd 

Snowshoes. 
Rasaouakoueton, misprint for Mascoutens, q. v., 18, 231, 259. 
Rarabanokwan, Catherine, Montagnais child: pious dieatlu 60, 

251-253. 
Rasilly. See Razilly. 
Rasle (Rasles), 71, 135, 204. See Rale. 
Ra^rfierries, 6, 271-273, 10, 103, 16, 258, 48, 119^ 165; eaten with 

grease, 5, 97; pigeons feed on, 3, 81, 48, 177. 
Rassade (round beads), la, 121, 46, 301 ; described, 67, 137. Sea 

also Beads and Porcelain. 
Ratei, Jacques, Jestdt brother, 71, 135; arrives in Canada, 18» 75; 

at Nipisiguit, 28, 211 ; at Quebec, 35, 41 ; sketch, 71, 142. 
Rathbun, Prank R. : Birds of Central New York, dted, fé, 301, 

71, 346. 
Rats: eaten by Montagnais, 6, 267; sacrificed by BgyptiMis» 96^ 

127. 

Ratteen (ratine), material for blankets, 93» 127, 55, 255, 99, 281, 
60, 307. 

Rattles: used by medicine-men, 20, 306; spirits invoked wich, 307. 
See also Drums, and Indians: medidne-men. 

Rattlesnake, 51, 51; described, 43, 153, 69, 167-169, 70, 141; eat- 
en by Indians, 43, 153; its poison, 153-155 — remedies lor, 69, 
167, 70, 141; medidnes obtained from, 43, 153, 70, 141. 

Rau, Charles: Agric. Flint Implements, dted, 63, 307. Anaani 
Aborig, Trade, 71, 271. " N. Amer. Stone Implemenu,** éj, 307, 
71» 283. 

Raudot, Antoine, son of Jacques : term as intendant, 71, lA 

Raudot, Jacques: authorizes slavery, 69, 301; praises C!alalogn^ 
67, 333; term as intendant, 71, 118. 

Raven, 28, 133; in Indian mythc^ogy, 5» i5& 6, 1591 lo^ 32a; de- 
mons take form of, 17, 153» 39> 21. 

Ravignan, Xavier Lacroix de: Inst, des Jismies, dted, i, 313» 7i> 

241. 

Ray, a fish, 10, 201. 

Raymbault (Raimbault, Raimbaut, Raymbaut), (Charles, Jetait, 9, 
313, II, 137, 20, 93, 21, 123, 71, 136; labors with Algooldna, 13, 
274, JO, 97 — Nipissings, 13, 271, 21, 241-245» aa. 207, 227* ^S, 
27, 57; visits Ojibwas (Sauteurs), i, 24, 32, 3I7. <i> 247» 
18, 256, 261, 23, 225; with Hurons, 21, 141, 23, 273*A7S; <^ 



RMOltoto] INDEX 278 

Three Rivers, i8, iii, 115; escapes from wreck, 19, 61; illnest 
and death, J3, 227, 273-275, J4, 25, 25, 2g, (fj, j6, 201; sketch, 
II, 278» 7Xf 143; facsimile writing, 23, 224, 71, 211; as a lin- 
guist, aa, 207. 

Raymbaut, ^ French ship-captain, 12, 213. 

Raymond (Raimond), ^ de, French oflker: commandant at 

Miami post, 69, 187, 70, 47; plans new fort, 69, 189; in active 
service, 70, 309. 

Raymond, W. O., près. N. Bnmswick Hist. Society: aid from, ac- 
knowledged, 14, 4. Old MeducHc Fort, cited, 66, 344, 67, 337, 
71, 310. 

Razilly, Gaude de, seigneur de Launay, French admiral: sketch, 
8, 2B7; death, 268. 

Razilly, François de, French officer: sketch, 8, 267. 

Razilly, (Rasilly), Isaac de, French admiral, 8, 45; one of Hundred 
Associates, 4, 257; governor of Acadia, 9, 309; reputation there, 
135; his lieutenants, 8, 287-268» 28, 319; Pentegoet restored to^ 
8, 13, 287; influence over Brulart de Sillery, 14, 287; sketch, 
8, 2Ô7-S68; character, 9, 309-310; estates pass to Anlnay, 30, 
305; memoir by, 8, 287. 

Razilly, Marie de, French poetess: receives pension, 8, 288-289. 

Razors, desired by Jesuits, 66, 27. 

Reade, John, Canadian writer: "Aboriginal Poetry," 71, 279. 
"Basques in N. America," 71, 310. "Making of Canada," 71» 
298. " Wabanaki Songs," 7i> 379- 

Reaume, Charles Auguste, estate belonging to, 71, 81. 

Réaume, Hyacinthe, Detroit habitant: dealings with mission, 69, 
^5f ^3; sketch, 310. 

Réaume, Pierre, settles at Detroit, 69, 310. 

Recollection, three days o( 30, 155, 201. 

RAODUJSTS (Récolets; Reformed Fathers of St. Francis), Fran- 
ciscan order, 2, 175, 306, 308, 5, 183, 89» 3ii» ^3> i^; origin, 
2, 300; mendicants, 4, 259, 36, 237; their poverty, 4, 2S9; ton- 
sure, 68, 265; enter France, 2, 296; introduced by Champlain 
into Canada, i, 6, 4, 259^ 12, 275; conferences among; 4, 259^ 
262; invite Jesuits to aid them, i, 7, 16, 4, 2, 259; kindness to 
Jesuits, 171-173» 209^ 255; lands donated to, 43, 324; interpreter 
will not instruct, 4, 211-213; Lalemant writes to their provincial» 
173» M7'» efforts to educate Indian children, 262-263, 8, lOQb ^Ss» 
6, 87, 327; sent back to Europe, i, 8^ 38, 29; excluded from 
Canada, 4, 260, 263; desired by habitants, 8, 309; Talon brings 
them back to Canada, 43, 324, 53, 27, 303; attitude of Frendi 
government toward, 303; replace Sulpitians at Quinte Bay, 50^ 



t74 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Red 

RicoLiXTS (continued) — 
J26; pension granted them by Louis XIV.» 53, 503; friendly to 
Frontenac, 99, 322; accompany La Salle, 6 J, 272; on hostile 
terms with St. Vallier, 63, 301» 64, 121, 147; privileges, 147; at 
Montreal, 278; captured by English, 147; at Quebec, i, 6» 4, 
259» 69, 304 — church consecrated, 237; at Detroit, 6S, 283, 333- 
334, 69, 305, 308; number of, in Canada, 69, 304; their privi- 
leges, in the capitulation, 71, 394; last of, in Canada, 69, 304; 
their linguistic works, 5, 281. Convent of N.-D. des Anges, 

4, 227, 259, 6, 326; founded, 4, 259; injured by English, 

5, 45; history, 71, 305. Memorial to king (1637), cited, 4t ^3» 

53. 303» 7X> 259. 

Missions: to Algonkins and Montagnais — i, 6-8, 17, 4, 359, 
262. Hurons — i, 7, 23, 4, 259-261, 271, 9, 292 (St. Gabriel, at Os- 
sossané), 39» 49f 265, 70, 205, 71, 259-260. Neutrals — i, 23, 4, 
260, 31, 203-205, 317, 84, 305. Miamis — 63, 302. In Acadia, i, 7> 
13-15» 4» 259; Caspe, I, 7, 14, 34, 310; Illinois, i, 35; Louisiana, 
36; at Sept Isles, 62, 272; in Spanish America, 2, 306, 4, 259. In- 
duce Indians to till land, 4, 195, 268. History, 4, 271» 71» 242, 251, 
254f 259-262. 

Red (color), in war-paint, 40, 169; symbolic meaning, 13, 215. 
Red-bud tree (Judas-tree, Cercis Canadensis) : described, é9, 173 ; 

called "lentil-tree," 297. 
Red-stone. See Catlinite. 

Red Wing, Minn.: French fort near site, 66, 338. 
Redoumanat, Souriquois convert: baptized, 45, 61. 
Reductions (mission villages). See Jesuits: mission colonies. 
Reed, John, English conunandant in Illinois, 71, 389: exacts fees 

for marriage licenses, 43. 
Reed, Parker McCobb: Hist, Bath, cited, 67» 358, 71, 314. 
Reeds, used for armor, 13, 272; beds, 59, 147, 68, 127. See also 

C^es and Mats. 
Reformed religion, i, 79, B, 299, j6, 103, 51, 91, 63, 274- See 

Huguenots, and Pretended religion. 
Regis, , Detroit habitant: dealings with mission, 70, 27, 31, 

35» 43» 55. 

Régis, 'blessed" (and Father). See St. Jean F. Régis. 

Regis, Pierre, Montagnais convert: baptism and death, 68, 71. 

Registers, church and parish, dted: Boucherville, facsimile from, 
71, 212; Chicoutimi, 87, 318. Detroit (Ste. Anne), 70, 309- 
310. Michillimackinac (Ste. Anne), 69, 290, 71, 234, 256. Mo- 
bile, 67, 344. Montreal (Notre Dame), facsimiles from, 17, front- 
ispiece, 32, 196, 33, 54, 43, 62, 71. 2I0-2T2. Peoria mission, 64, 



RpoMlIt] INDEX 275 

280. Prairie du Rocher, 71, j88. Quebec (Notre Dame), ji, 
318» 35> ^i> 46* J03, 71, 303. St. François (Indian mission), 
destroyed by fire, 66, 344. Sandwich (L'Assomption), 70, 309. 
Sault St Louis, 63f I73- Sillery (Indian mission), jS, 317. 

Regnard, , sponsor in baptism, J, 159. 

Regnard, Mme. , sponsor in baptism, a, 161. 

Regnauld, , translates Acosta's Historia, 3, agS. 

Regnault (Regnaut, Renaut, Renant), Christophe, Jesuit brother, 
71, 136; aids in recovering martyrs' bodies, 34, 237; ecclesiasti- 
cal status, 245 ; sails for France, 35, 57, 291 ; sketch, 71, 145. 

Récit du Martyre, 4, ^66, 34, 9-io» as-37» 237-238» MS-24S, 7*» 
189. 

"Reign of Terror," 8, 311. 

Reindeer, of America, 3, 297. See also Caribou and Deer. 

Relation de la descouverte de plusieurs pays situes au midi. . . 
/ó/i — 58, 12-13, 93-109, 291, 294» 71, 198. 

Relations, Jesuit, reports of the missions carried on by that or- 
der in New Prance. See Jesuits: publications. 

Relics of saints, 33, 287 — cure illness, a, 19^ 31, 151, 56, 103-105, 
65, 109; aid in childbirth, 10, 73, 39, 197; bring aid to mariners, 
60, 261. Brought from France, 19, 113; sent to missionaries 
in Huronia, 105, 143, 251, Ji, 289; at Quebec hospital, jj, 161- 
163, J7, 99; as New- Year's gifts, 32, 67; venerated, 213, 34, 
35, 61, 259. Enshrined in cross on Mont Royal, J4, 229; in 
sacred images at Lorette, 60, 87; contained in crosses, 34, 39, 
(see also Reliquaries); translation of (feast-day), go, 197; 
garments and hair of dead priest taken as, 68, 245. 

Relics, Indian. See Archaeology. 

Reliquaries, j8, 143, 219, 30, 155, 36, 113, 40, 123; in form of 
crosses, 32, 67, 213, 34» 39 — of medals, 39; price, 35, 31; 
superstitious use, 39, 25-27. Sent to Indian converts by C!har- 
tres cathedral, 61, 251-253, 259-263, 69, 286; described. 61, 
272 — illustration, frontispiece, 71, 218. 

Rembrandt, van Ryn, Paul Harmens, Dutch painter, 71, 401. 

Remond (Remon, Remons), , French ship-captain, 44, 117, 

47i 283. 
Rémy, 49, 274, 71, 117. See Courcelles. 

Renards, 44, 324, 66, 55, 67, 129-131, 68, 207, 233, 255, 257, 275- 

281. See Fox Indians, and Outagamies. 
Renarhonons, 8, 294. See Arendarhonons. 
Renauld, Pierre, Jesuit, 71, 136; sketch, 164. 

Renault, Jacques, Jesuit: provincial of France, 44, 145, 153. 45* 
29» 77. 



17« JESUIT RELA TIONS 

Renault, Philippe François, works Missouri lead-mines, 7a, 316. 

Renaut (Renant), C, Z4, 245, 35, 57. See Regnatdt 

Renaiit (Renaud), Michd, Jesuit brother, 71, 136; sketdi, 165- 

166. 
Rencontre, Pierre, Frenchman. I. Burned at stake bgr Mohawka, 

47, 89. II. Jesuit engagé: contract with Detroit nussM», et, 

247. 
René, Algonkin convert: baptized, 37, 45. 
René, a Frenchman: ca^ve among Iroquois, 50, 57-67. 
René, , priest in Louisiana: threatened with interdict, éé, 

137. 
René, Jesuit donné, gives medical treatment to Cajru^is, 54, iii. 
Renegades: Indian, villages of, i, 9; Huron, 30, aBg^ 3J, 157, 163^ 

165, 34> «7, 3«» 189, 39» 67, 73 — burned, 3^, 185. J»» 177- See 

ëiso Couretu-s de bois, tmd Traders. 
Renete (Renette), Jean-Baptiste, Jesuit brother, 71, 136; sketch, 

70, 85, 71, 180. 
Rennes (Rênes), France, Jg, 65-67, 73, 31, 103, 105; thread made 

at, 70, 27« See Jesuits: colleges. 
Renonard, Marie, wife of Robert Giffard, q. v. : marriage;, 71, 71 ; 

dcmates land to Jesuits, 70, 209. 
Renssclaerswyck (Ronselar), Dutch settlement, 9, 313, ag, J^, 

288, :sS, III, 33» 235, 39> ^h 213, 81, 181, 7Xf 535; foooded, 

34, 311; described, j8, 111-113; Jogues at, ag, 63, 31, 289, 39, 

233-335. See Albany, N. Y., and Ports: Orange. 
Rents, jS, 211, 30, 301, 71, 95, 390; of Isle aux Ruaux, 71; amor- 

tisable, 6g, 187, 271 ; constituted, 107, 394. 
Repentigny, de, 43» 33. 44. 103, 49. «37. àx 157- Se^ U 

Gai^deur. 
Repentigny, Ignace de, 46, 163. See Le (jardeur, Ignace. 
Repe nti g n y, Marin Terrier de, 37, 366. See Pranchevilte. 
Repentigny, Pierre de, (Canadian priest: secretary of Laval, 37, 

266. 
Repentigny, sieur de, title conferred upon Jean Baptiste l^ (^ar- 

deur, 37, 311. 
Repoussé work, in silver, 66, 347. 
Representatives, appellation of deputies of Massachusetts people^ 

36, 89. 
Reproduction, its processes, hpw regarded by aborigines, ig, 349^ 
Reptiles, in Huron folk-lore, 10, 155. See also S e rpents. 
Requites de Vhoiel, French tribunal: duties, 6, 335. 
Requin, term explained, 68, 336. See also Shark. 
Resin, in ointments, 49, 377. 



] INDEX 877 

I .J." ' .1.1 II . I I I M 

Restgouch, appellation of some Souriquois tribes, aj, 23g. 

*' Restoration, the/' in English history, 50, 321. 

Resurrection of dead: in aboriginal beliefs, ao, 310; imagined by 

Huron woman, 30, 29. Cf. Indians: social and economic life — 

resuscitation. 
Retreat (religious exercise), 18, 185, 19, 55, 31, 107, 3J, 85, 33» 

265, 34> 49, 9S» 189, 35* 31» 38, 123, 59» 187, 66, 39, 68, 201, 

flSi, 71, 51; explanation of term, 68, 329; books for, 15, 249; 

as prescribed by Loyola, 68, 326; of Indian converts, described, 

x8, 23, 185, 19, 137-155. 
Retz, Franciscus, general of Jesuit order, 66, 183-185, 217, 68, 261, 

309, 69, 28, 41, 51 ; sketch, 68, 335- 
Reveau, Jean François, baptism, 70, 75. 
Rcveau, Louis, Detroit habitant: his child baptized, 70, 75. 
Reveille, 37, 105, 47» 7i- 
Revolution, American, 71, 392; relations of Quebec provinoe to, 

302. 
Revolution, French, 38> 292; Jesuits su£Fer in, 71, 175, 178; status 

of priests during, 178^ 40a 
Reynolds, John: Hist Illinois, 71, 322. 
Rhasès (Rhazès), Arabian physician, 49, 277, 51, 29a 
Rheims, France, J9, 25, 39» 165, 49, 274. See Jesuits: colleges. 
Rhetoric taught at Quebec college, 56, 301, 60, 141, 66, 209^ 70, 83. 
Rheumatism, cured by sweating, 68, 75. 
Rhiierrhonons, S, 1x5, 302. See Bries. 
Rhubarb, needed at hospital, 49, 205, 50, 161. 
Rhumb-line, indicated by Indians, 44, 239. 
Rialle, Girarde de, director of archives, Paris: aid from, i^dmowl- 

edged, 14, 4- Arch, off, étrangères, 71, 255. Ponds Frmncê, jt, 

Ribadeneira, Pedro de: Bibl, Scriptorum, 71, 222; continued by 
Sotwel, 223. 

Ribaut, Jean, French Huguenot: in Florida, 4, 105, a54. 

Ribbons, worn by Indians, 70, 149. 

Ribourde. See La Ribourde. 

Ricci, , Jesuit, 18, 33. 

Ricci, Lorenzo, Jesuit general: dies in prison, 70, 314-315. 

Rice, 9, 157, 66, 29, 67, 191; cultivated on lower Mississippi, 67, 
281-283, 69, 211; extent of use, 11, 275. 

Rice, wild (wild oats, wild rye; Zisania aquatica), 48, 295, gx, 53^ 
57, 89» 195, 197, 56, 121, 59, 95, 99, 105, 66, 109, 291; tfcs- 
cribed, $9, 93*95; where found, 44, 247, 54* 193» 21& 21a 69« 
169, 185; how gathered, 48, 121-123, 55, 169, 59, 95; as food. 



278 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Ridi 

Rice (continued) — 

44, 247, 71, 282; wild-fowl eat, 66, 325; first mentioned in 
Relations, 44, 247, 324. See also Menomonees, a$ui Wild-oats Na- 
tion. 

Rich, Elihu : Handbook of Biography, cited, 71, 402. 

Rich, Obadiah, 59, 296, 2^; Bibl, Americana, 71, 222-223. 

Richard, , Jesuit, provincial of Guyenne, 6S, 225. 

Richard, André, Jesuit, S, 30S, 9, 30i, 3i5, 35, 3ft 43. 23, 73, 60, 
318, 71, 136; at Three Rivers, Ji, 313, 38, 197; at Sillery, jj, 
239; in Miscou mission, i, 14, j:s, 239, J4, 145, 30, 195, 32, 
39; on Gaspesian coast, j8, 313, 30, 143, 47, 221-241, 60, 119, 
271; aided by La Perte, 25, 289; escapes wreck, 30, 127-129; 
voyages to and from France, 3a, 53, 34, 61, 44, 107, 45» 107, 50, 
195; at Montreal, 33, 43; at Beauport, 33; at Quebec» 38, 
195; at Montreal, 35. 43; at Beauport, 33; at Quebec, 39, 
i7ft 197; in Acadia, 37. "7. 45. 61-63, 47, 63; sketch, S, 292. 
71, 140. Letters, jj, 23^-245, ^4, I4S-I55. ««. 23-31. 

Richard, Antoine (error for André), 8, 65. 

Richard, Marguerite, marriage, 43, 323. 

Richard, Edouard: Acadia, 71, 310. 

Richaudeau, P.: editor, 71, 252, 336. 

Richecourt, Dagneau de, dted, 71, 403. 

Richelieu, Armand Jean de, cardinal, 5, 203, 6, 99, 8, 291, 307, ix, 

45. 47. 77» 143. 13. 169^ x^. 261, 22, 277; premier of Prance, J, 
296; invites Capuchins to enter Canada, 299, 5, 275; forms 
Company of New Prance, 4, 257, 6, 325, 8, 215. 225 ; favors Asso- 
ciates, 8, 83; sends Jesuits to Canada, 11, 7, 229^ 241, 311; 
influenced by missionaries, 4, 263, 267; policy toward Hugue- 
nots, 7, 239, 310-31 1, 17, 225; influenced by Razilly, 8, 287; col- 
onizes Acadia, 288; aids Protestant powers, 306; his relatives. 
310; urged to reduce English and Dutch colonies, 17, 225; sends 
aid to Canada, j j, 33, 247 ; Le Jeune writes to^ 7, 239-245, 305, 71» 
231 ; favors expulsion of Iroquois, 21, 273 ; aids Quebec hospital, ft, 
310; Huron convert named for, 14, 161; aids Canadian missions, 
15, 217, 221, 17, 2ift 39. 43; converts pray for, 16, 27, 31. 
105; aids nuns, 18, 71; depicted in crucifix, jo, 249; endows 
Indian school, 30, 305; favors Jesuits, 36, 237; relations with 
Récollets, 53. 303; island named for, J, 306; death, 7, 310, 93, 

28s, 319. ^4. 157. 
Richer, Cécile, 16, 256. See St Croix, Cécile de. 
Richer, Pierre Daniel, Jesuit, 71, 49, 136; with Hurons, 69, 77; 

sketch, 289, 70, 87. 71. 164. 
Richter, J. D. Guil, German editor: Berosi Chald. Historiae, t, 

310. 



Riven] INDEX 279 

Riddles, asked by Indians, 17, 179-187, 37, 181, 4J, 157, 195, 54, 

175. 
Ridgway, Robert: N, Amer. Birds, cited, 55, 321, 71, 346. 

Riding-caps, as presents, 40, 187. 

Rigaud, Pierre de, 71, 117. See Vaudreuil de Cavagnal. 

Rigault, Philippe de, 71, 117. See Vaudreuil. 

Risss, Stephen R., missionary: "Indian Languages," 71, 374. 

" Sioux Theogony," 71, 278. 
Rigué, village of Eries: captured by Iroquois, 4 J, 187. 
Rigueronnons (Riguehronons), S, 302, 47, 5g, 315, 50, 1x7. See 

Eries. 
Riley, Franklin L., editor, 71, 330. 
Rimbequi, misprint for Kinibequi, a, 6c, 290. 
Rimouski: location, 71, 389; La Brosse at, 57'^i« 
Rings, II, 227, 36, 245; used as presents for Indians, 15, 159^ 18^ 

i9> 83» 251» 60. 139; fotmd in ossuaries, 5, 293, 36, 246. 
Rio de las Vaocas, i, 87. See Rivers: Cow. 
Rio del Norte, 68, 253. See Rivers: Colorado. 
Rio de Janeiro, Huguenots at, i, 307. 
Riot, at Montreal, 47, 289. 
Rippault, Germain, Jesuit: Chaumonot writes to^ 46, 155-157; 

death, 298. 
Riquehronnons, 45, 207. See Eries. 

Rivalin, René, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 136; sketch, 70, 83, 71, 180. 
Rivard, Angélique, marriage, 70, 306. 
Rivard, Joseph, land belonging to his heirs, 71, 85. 
Riverin, Jacquette, marriage, 46, 303. See Vivran. 
RivCRs: invoked by Hurons, 10, 159; quality and influence on 

climate, 38, 227; difficult of navigation, 39, 99; effect of earth- 
quake on, 48, 201; importance to Indians, $6, 171-173; of 

Narantsouak Indians, 67, 35. 

American — 

Abittibi, outlet of Lake Abittibi, 44, 3^ 

Agamenticus. See below York. 

Akansea. See below Arkansas and Wabash. 

Alabama, Alabamu on, 66, 343, 67, 342. 

Algomequi (Rivière des Algommequins). See below Ottawa* 

Alleghany (Allegheny) — 66, 347, 69, 297; early names, 296; 
Céloron on, 296; trading post on, 298. 

Allen, 2, 299. 

Amazon, map of, 66, 305. 

Androscoggin, peace signed by tribes on, 60, 319. 

Anguien — origin of name, 8, 291; fort 00, 55. 



280 JESUIT RELA TIONS [RivM9 

Rivers: American (continued) — 

Annapolis, Squille (Dauphin) River, identified as, s, 29g. 

Arkansas (Akansea) — 59, 507; Indian name, 67, 319; descrip* 
tion, 69, 107; Marquette and Joliet at, 50, 322, 65, 264, 69, 501; 
Indians on, 65, 269; lands granted to Law upon, 67, 340; French 
trading post on, 69, 301. 

Assiniboin (Assiniboine) — 42, 296; Fort Rouge 00, 68, 334; 
history, 71, 301. 

Assinipoualac, tribes on, allied to Crées, 51, 57. 

Assumption (Rivière de T Assomption) — 65, 49; Indian name, 
22, 205; Jesuit concession on, 47, 269, 50, 211-213; northern 
tribes assemble on, 62, 223. 

Bacadensis — Gaspesian river, 47, 223-225. 

Batiscan (Baptiscan, Baptiskam, Bastican) — location, 43» 51» 321; 
rapids of, 53; Jesuit concession on, 321, 47, 271; effects of earth- 
quake near, 48, 215-217. 

Beautiful. See above Alleghany, and below Ohio. 

Becancourt — name given to, 5, 289; Indian battle on, 289; 
Abenaki village on, 66, 345. 

Betsiamites (Bersiamites, Bersimis) — 49, 59; origin of name, 
273; location, 59, 305; compared with Saguenay, 68, 99; tribes 
on, 18, 257; De Quen at, 37, 233; effects of earthquake at, 49, 95. 

Big Beaver, trading post on, 69, 298. 

Black — I. (in Wis.), Hurons on, i, 39» 18, 257. II. (Manicou- 
agan, Manikouaganistikou ; in Que.)» French name, 4^1 47; de- 
scribed, 47, 273, 50, 21, 31; Jesuit at, so, 21, 53» 87; agent of 
Jérémie Islets on, 69, 109. HI. (in La), Hatches settle on» 68, 
330. 

Black Sturgeon, origin of name, 54, 151. 

Bois Brulé, trade route, 66, 338. 

Bonaventure, location, 9, 311. 

Bourbon. See below Nelson. 

Bruyante. See below Chaudière. 

(Calumet, portage at, 59, 314. 

Canada (Canadian). See below St Lawrence. 

Canibekki. See below Kennebec 

Cap Rouge, fort at, 71, 366. 

Capitetchiouetz (Capitetechioueth; Trois Pìst<de8?) — location and 
description, 7, 135; Indians at, 191. 

Casquinambo. See below Tennessee. 

Chalifour — names of, 27, 315, 71, 375; Jesuits grant conces- 
sions on, 27, 121, 28, 2X3, 71, 375. 

C^ambly. See below Richelieu. 



RIvtn] iHDEX »1 

Chamouchouan — described, 46, 267-269; jonrnejr on, 267-269^ 304. 

Chatoplain — loGadon, 35, 969; Indians killed at, 43; Jesuit lands 
on, 47, 271, 71, 83- 

Charles, Druillettes at, 36, Q7. 

Chattahoochee, Appalaches on, 66, 343. 

Chaudière (Bruyante, Chaudière Falls) — location, 92, 257; lands 
granted on, §, 29a; Abenaki lands on, 6s, 276^ 66, 43, 345. 

Chautauqua (Tchadakoin) — 69, 183; Celoron on, 163; lead 
plate buried at, 296. See also Creeks: Chautauqua. 

Chegobich — location* 46» 304; portages at, 273, 304. 

Chiboctous — identified, J, 293; flows into Penobscot, 49 (j»r 
also below Penobscot). 

Chicago — Pottawattomies on, 93, 325; route of trarel, 99, 314; 
portage at, 314. 

ChÎGOutiffli (Kinougamioti ; Indian name) — described, I, 316^ 
31, 251, 290; cascades in, 68, 29^ 

Chimanibit, location, 99, 59. 

Chinodaichtia (Chinondaista). See below Gt. Kanawha. 

Chouacoet See behw Saoow 

Coldwater, Huron sites near, 13, 269^ 17, 241, 34, 251. 

Colorado (Rio del Norte)— 59, 143; described, 312; on Kino's 
map, 68, 253. 

Columbia, Indian r^K>rts cottcer ni ng, 54, 137. 

Connecticut (Kenetigouc, River of Sokokis) — called Fresh River, 
a8, 109, 313; etymologx of name, 313; tribes on or near, 18, 
260, ^ 315; boundary between Dutch and English, a8, 109; 
settlements on, 36, loi, 240^ 249; trade on, 239; land granted on» 
BO, 321. 

Copper, origin of name, gg, 103. 

Cow (Rio de las Vaccas), location, i, 87. 

Cumbe^knd-^ identified, 66, 347; location, 227. 

Dauphin. See above Annapolis, and below Équille. 

Detroit — 68» 333; Celoron on, 69, 191; Indians on, 193. 

Delaware — called South River, 28, 105, 314; Hendrickson ex- 
plores, 314; Indians on, 8, 301; Dutch settlement on, ai, 318; 
28, 109; boundary of New Netherlands, 109; Swedes on, 109. 

Des Moines, Indians on, 39, 309, 60, 321, 68, 333. 

Des Plaines, portage at, 59, 313-314. 

Des Prairies (Prayries) — 8, 75, 12, 133, 177, 14, 225, 251, 3^» 
85, 34> 61, 47. 269-271, 50, 213, 58, 123; origin of name, 2, 30}, 
8, 294, 12, 135, 18, 227-229; early appellation of Ottawa River, 
2, 203, 8, 294; present application of name, 8, 294, 9, 314; called 
Jésus River, 314; unites with St. Lawrence, 22, 205, 48, 167; 



282 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Riven 

Rivers: American (continued) — 

regarded as branch of St. Lawrence, 33, 65; location and descrip- 
tion, 58, III, 119-121. Lands along, fertile, 9, 351; islands at 
mouth, described, 48, 167-169; rapids in, 50, 251. Viel killed on, 
I, 23; landgrants on, 9, 314, 47, 269; Jesuits at, 11, 83, 58, 117; 
Indians at, 14, 245, 16, 47, 35, 25, 36, 37, 39, 183; English at, 
15, 31; settiement at, desirable, 18, 243. See also below Ottawa. 

Des Puants (Rivière des Puants). 5*^^ helow Fox. 

Dutch. See helow Mohawk. 

East Main — names given to, 44, 324, 56, 303; Indians on, 44, 

325. 
Embarrass, probable site of Allouez's mission, 54, 307. 

Emenipemagau. See below Shipshaw. 

Eplan fish, fish at, 3, 279. 

Êquille — origin of name, 3, 299; location, 171; identification» 
299. See also above Annapolis and Dauphin. 

Escoumain (Esseigiou, Lesquemin, L'Essumain) — identified, 49, 
273; famous for salmon, 39. 

Faverel — Iroquois at, 30, 175 ; French settiers at, 36, 127 ; Jesuit 
residence at, 267. 

Fever. See below Galena. 

Fools, River of. See above Gialifour. 

Fox (St. François, Rivière des Puants) — 54, 227, 58, 39, 95; 
names, 54, 306, 66, 347; width, 54, 215, 306; descent, 306; rapids 
in, 306, 55> 191-193. iQft 59» 99; lakes in, 58» 197» 5«. W; tides in, 
56, 139, 57, 301-305; empties into Grtea Bay, 61, 149. Fisheries 
on, 54, 217, 56, 121-123; water-power on, 54, 306; wild rice in, 
85» 195» 59» 99; canal unites with Wisconsin River, 58» 294. Jesuits 
on, I, 316, 20, 3o8> 54» 215, 23S» 57» 209^ 58, 293» 7X> 239; Nicolct 
on, 5» 280, 8, 295» 18, 237; Indians on, 15, 247, 44> 324-325, 54. 
227, 55, 185, 56, 123-125; mission on, 54, 215. Fox, Upper, 54, 
219. Books relating to, 71, 239. 

French (Frenchmen's) — location, 55, 149; Nicolet on, 8, 295; 
tribes on, 18, 259» 55» I49- 

Fresh. See above Connecticut 

Galena CFever), mining at, 71, 323. 

Gananoque (Onnondokui), location, 54, 305. 

Gatineau, location, 44, 324. 

(knesee — Iroquois sites near, 8, 302, 51, 295; valley, history of, 

71» 31^317. 
Giffard's (Giffar), concession on, 38, 213. 

Gila, 59» 307. 

(iodebout, Indians on, 53, 87. 



Riven] INDEX 288 

Grand— I. (Ont.)» Indian site on, Ji, 317. II. (Great). Ste 
Maw Ottawa, and St Lawrence, 

Green, rock-carvings at, 71, 286. 

Hayes (Ste. Thérèse) — origin of French name, 66, 87; loca- 
tion, 64, 261, a8i ; English build fort on, 66, 87 ; Iberville sounds, 
89; French and English at, loi, 105; Indians trade at, 117. 

Hogg (Hog), Indian sites near, 19, 271-372, 34, 255. 

Housatonic, Indians in valley of, 36, 315. 

Huakild (Theakiki). See below Kanlakee. 

Hudson — early names of, 38, 105, 313, 39, 49, 393 ; described, 38, 
105-107; tide in, hi; navigation on, iii. Dutch on, 9, 314, 31, 
318, 33, 3ift 34, 311-312» «8, 111-113, 36, 245, 50, 321, 66, 187-189; 
Indians on, 18, 260, 36, 315, 71, 392; freshet in, 34, 311; ship on, 
^B» 55-57; Indians fish at, 39» 61-63; books relating to, 71, 392, 317. 

Illinois — 65, 270; called St. Louis River, 58, IQ7, 294; location» 
107; tributary of Mississippi, 105; described, 294, 6s, 159, 66, 225; 
portages at, 58» 105, 59, 312-313; fertility of valley, 161 ; grapes found 
along, 6s, 113; fort on, 63» 304; lake in, 65» 264. Illinois on, 
33, 326; La Salle at, 57, 316; canal to, from Lake Michigan, 
suggested, 58, 105; Jesuits on, 59, 316^ 60, 157, 66, 377. 

Iowa, Indians on, 60, 321. 

Iroquois. See below Nottaway, and Richelieu. 

Jacques Chartier — Frenchman frozen at, 36, 115; seigniories on, 

71, 77f 

James» English on, 4, 103, 6, 339. 

Jeoanguékona (Yenanguakonan). See below Muskingum. 

Jésus. See above Des Prairies. 

Kanawha, Great (Giinodaichtia, Chinondaista) — identified, 69, 
298; lead plate buried at mouth of, 177, 298; buffalo on, 177. 

Kanibesek. See below Kennebec 

Kankakee (Huakild, Kiakiki, Theakiki) — identified, 66, 348: 
aame^ 34B; portage at, 59» 3i4» 66, 287, 34B. 

Kanonouaora (Kanououara). See Creeks: Wheeling. 

Kansas, Indians on, 64, 280^ 68, 339. 

Kaouasagiskaket. See behw Sault aux Moutons. 

Keparipataouangak. See below Matane. 

Kaskaské. See Creeks: Beaver. 

Kaskaskias, French and Indian settlements near, 69, I45< 

Kenduskeag (Kadesquit), described, 3, 308-309. 

Kenetigouc See above Connecticut. 

Kennebec (Canibekhi, Kanibesek, Kenebec, Kenebek, Kenebeki, 
Kenebld, Kinibeki, Quinebec, Rimbegui, Sagadahoc) — 36, 227; 
aamei, 3, 391-292, 37, 357, 67, 338; flows south, 3, 305; described. 



iS4 JESUIT RELA TIONS [RIVMtf 

Rivers: Amtrkan (continued) — 

3, 221; divides New England and New France, 4, 254; Prendi 
missions on, i, 13-15, 46, 67, 66, 346, 67, 85-119^ 195-229 ; Indians 
on or near, J, 207, 3, i", i^, 374, 36, 79> 9^ 239, 37, 257, 3«, 35. 
47* i59i 141, 60, 319, 67, 121, 233-235; English missiooarr on, 
97. French at, J, 27, 35-45, 231, 3» 221-225, 67, 229; English oik 
(settlements, etc.), a, 31, 45-47, 292, 18, 235-237. ^4, 309, 31, t$5- 
185^ 205, 36, 83, 97-99, 238, 38, 31. 67, 97, 101-103, 113, It7, 336; 
Druillettes's voyage on, ^i, 185, 195; trade along, 36, 95, 99^ t07. 
238-239, 241; landgrants on, 241-242; island at mouth of, 67, 33B; 
vallej, history of, 71, 315. 

Kentucky, Shawnees on, 47, 316. 

Kichesipiott. See below Moose. 

Kinibeki (Kinibequi, Kinibéqui). See ab<me Kennebec. 

Kinougamachich, described, 31, 251. 5*^« Lakes: Kenogamashiih. 

Kinougamiou. See above Chlcoutimi. 

Kiskiminitas, Indian village on, 69, 297. 

Kouakoueou. See below Portnenf. 

Kwabahiganan, location, 32, 261. 

La Conception. See below Mississippi. 

Lairet, fort on, 6, 326. 

La Magdelaine, Iroquois at, 38, 49. 
La Malbaie. See below Malbaie. 

La Presentation, fort at, 69, 155. 

Lesquemin (L'Essumain). See above Escoumain. 

Liesse (Eplan, River of Smelts)— identified J, 299; Bbrd tt^ 

171, 4, 253. 
Little, harbor, 3, 295. 

Little Nation, location, and origin of name, tft, 258. 

Lorette, origin of name, 60, 33. 

Madawaska, Indians oq, 18, 258, J4, 311. 

Mahoning, Delaware town on, 69, 299. 

Malbaie (La Malbaie) — tributary of St. Lawrencep 69, 290; 

village on, 290 ; concessions on, 85 ; sahnon fishing in, 93. 

Manaouni, abounds in fish, 59, 47. 

Manate. See above Hudson. 

Manchat, tributary of Mississippi, 67, 301. 

Manicouagan (Manikouaganistikou). See above Black. 

Maragnoi^ map of, 66, 313, 316, 325. 

Maramec (Miaramigoua) — described, 65, 065; mines aloag, 

105, 265. 

Marguerie (Rivière aux Glaises) — origin of name and ïétBÊÛÊh 
cation, 96, 315; Hurons at, 31. 



Riven] INDEX 



Marquette — location, and origin of name, 50, 32a; Marquette 
dies near, 32a. 

Matane (Kaparipataouangak, Mantane, Rivière de Caen) — ori* 

gin of Indian name, 3 J, 263; described, 263, 313; mountains near, 

a. 303. 
Maucfaautragankh (Mouchaouraganich) -^cannot be identified^ 

W» 305; journey on, 43- 

Maumee (River of the Miamis) — described, 69, 191 ; Indians 
on or near, jo, 30S, 69, 999-300; grapes found along, 65, 113; 
Céloron on, 69, 189-191. 

Maurice. See above Hudson. 

Menominee (Fòlle Avoine, Wild-oats; St. Michel) ^94, 235, 
306, 5S, 275; name, 44> 3*4* 56, I37» 5^, 297; location, 55> 103; 
described, 1%; In&ns on, 54, 235, 305, 55, 185-187, 59, 93; cities 
on, 54, 308; frozen, 58, 289; wild rice in, 59, 93. 

Merrimac — land granted on, 36, 242; Indians on, 243-244. 

Meskottsing. See below Wisconsin. 

Messi-Sipi. See below Mississippi. 

Metaberoutin. See below St Manrice. 

Miami, Great (Rivière à la Roche) — origin of name, 49, 18s, 
299; described, 185; Maumee comfKurd with, 191; salt-brings 
near, 189; mountains along, 169; Allouez at, i, 33; Céloron aft, 6% 
187-191; lead plate buried at, 183, 299; Indians on, 299; Frendi 
at, 70, 3^ ; fur trade on, 307. 

Miami, Little (Rivière Blanche) — application of French tem% 
69, 299; identified, 299; Indians on, 183; Céloron at, 183. Sew 
also Creeks: White Oak. 

Miamis. See above Maumee. 

Miaramigoua. See above Maramec 

Minahigouskat, Indians reiidezvous at, 96, 209. 

Minnesota, 60, 321. 

Miskous. See below Wisconsin. 

Miskoutenagasit. See above East Main. 

Mississagué, location, 55, 135. 

Mississippi (Great River, La Conception, Messipi, Messi-Sipi, 
Missisipa, Missisipi, Mississipa, Mississipy, Mitchisipi, St Esprit, 
St Louis) — I, 245. ai, 314. 50, 320, 321, 55> 97, 58, 265, B9» 
loi, 165, 60, 205, 65, 71, 85, loi, 145, 68, 251, 73, 18; variants of 
name, 51, 289; called St Esprit, 58, 103; Marquette names La 
Conception, 59, 93, 308; origin and meaning of name, 65, 71, 69, 
207; called St Louis, 71, 359. Indian accounts regarding, 54, 137, 
59, 97; conjectures regarding 54, 189^ 55, 207, 58, 103, 59, 141- 
143; compared to St. Lawrence, 55, 207; compared to Wabash, 



286 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Riven 

Rivers: American (continued) — 

65, 107; compared to Missouri, 66, 34S, 69, 207. Description, 58, 
95-97» 59» 109-111, 67, 249, 69, 205-209, 225; boundary of Canada, 
4, 254, 71, 391; Indians living on or near, J3» 3^6, 44» 324» 45» 
235» 47» 147» 51» 53, 55» 169, 207-209, 58, 41-43» 97, 59» 89, II5-I37, 
145-149, 151-161, 309-310, 313-314, 60, 159, 63, 291, 64, 171, 27a- 
280, 65, 123, 265, 267-269, 66, 207-209, 229-231, 259, 67, 303, 342, 
344, 68, 167, 183, 187, 207, 327, 330, 69» 145, 223, 70, 253 ; tributaries 
of, 54, 231, 58, 29s, 59, 105, 137, 141-143. 161, 311, 65, 127, 266, 66, 
225-227, 293, 343, 69, 217, 221 ; lead mines on, 55, 320, 70, 316; fer- 
tility of valley of, 58, 99, 105; abounds in fish, 59, 109-111, 308- 
309, 67, 287; source, 59, 109^ 69, 207; mountains [bluffs] along 
upper waters, 59, 109; flows into Gulf of Mexico» 159, 

66, 121; intmdates banks, 65, 157, 163, 173, 67, 287, 301, 
69, 302, 70, 241, 316» 71, 39; direction of flow, 65, 159; 
navigation of, 161, 171, 67, 261, 70, 235, 253, 283-285; in- 
fested by gnats, 65, 161, 66, 29; falls in, 225; water of, muddy, 

67, 291; sand banks on, 313; banks of, described, 69, 211-213; 
breadth at Ste. Geneviève, 70, 235; maps of, 59, 9» 108^ i54f 65, 26g, 
71, 215. Explorations and vojrages on, French claim discov- 
ery» 65, 271; Sulpitians attempt to explore (1669), 57, 315; ex- 
ploration projected, 54, 191; exploration undertaken (1673), i, 
34, 50, 324, 58, 93; Joliet and Marquette discover (1673), 50, 
322, 59, 107, 65, 107, 66, 245; Joliet and Marquette explore, 58, 
95, 59, 67, 89-163, 185, 63, 211, 65, 262; La Salle explores (1682, 
1684}, 57, 316, 63, 272; La Salle seeks mouth of, 65, 175; Tonti 
on, 63, 304; Iberville on, 305, 66, 342; Iberville discovers mouth 
(1699), 63, 305, 70, 223; Gravier on (1700), 65, 101-179» 66, 143; 
Du Poisson on, 67, 227-325; other Jesuits on, 66, 261, 291, 67, 279^ 68, 
330, 69, 49, 70, 253 ; English explore mouth of, 65, 173 ; Le Sueur 
on, 66, 338; Law's settlers ascend, 67, 259. Missions and Missionaries 
on, I, 37, 223, 237, 65, 85, 103, 66, 41, 68, 221 ; Perrot established 00 
(1685), 60, 321; commerce of, 65, 225, 68, 169; ships on, 65, 270, 

68, 187, 69, 205, 213; manner of traveling on, 67, 227-279, 285- 
317; concessions on, 279-281, 287, 297-299, 303, 311, 343; buffalo 
hunters on, 285; Germans on, 340; French settlements on, 68, 
121, 173, 179, 69, 209^ 215, 70, 249, 273, 287; Indians on, hostile to 
French, 68, 183, 187, 207, 70, 253; French build fort on, 68, 193; ice 
•n, 69, 219; freshet of, undermines Fort Chartres, 302, 71, 39; length 
of voyages on 70, 253, 283-287; cessions of territory on, 315. 
Books relating to^ 71» 246, 251-253, 256, 258» 261-262, 324-325» 339- 
See oho Mississippi (colony). 

Missouri (River of the Ozages, Pekatanoui) — 64, 278; origin 
and meaning of names, 59, 311, 66, 225-227; Mississippi usurps 



Rlv«n] INDEX 287 

name from, 69, 207. Described, 58, 103, 59, 137, 141-143, 66, 22s, 
69, 207 ; character of water, 65, 107, 66, 348, 69, 207 ; compared to 
Mississippi, 66, 348, 69, 207; Indians on or near, 10, 325» 23, 326, 
60, 321, 64, 279-280, 68, 329, 69» 223-225 ; portages at, 59, 141, 6$, 
125; tributary of, 59, 312; settlement near, 66, 227, 293; French 
take possession of valley of, (1742-43) 68, 334. 

Mistassins, Crépietd at, 59, 45. 

Mobile — origin of name, 65, 179; Indians on or near, 173- 
175; French settlement on, 179. 

Mohawk (River of the Dutch) — 35, 287; rapids in, 28, 113; Iro- 
quois sites on or near, 8, 300, 40, 127, 51, 291, 293, 295; Mohawks 
en, 28, 113, 40, 129; map of river and valley, 51, 293. 

Moingonan, upper part of Des Moines River called, 89> 309. 

Moisic (Moisy) — trading post at, 68, 27, 103, 69, 117, 123; qual- 
ity of furs received from, 117, 123. 

Montmorency, falls in, 24, 309. 

Moose — I. (in N. S.)» iron at, 3, 296. II. (ICichsipiou, Mousou- 
sipiou) — aame, 56, 203; location, 44, 324; Crées on, 325. 

Moudfciouraganich. See above Mauchautraganich. 

Moulin Baude — named by French, 7, 211; corrupt spelling of, 
49, 163, 274; location, 7, 309; marble found at, 309; pirates at, 
38, 177 ; ships at, 49, 163. 

Mousousipiou. See above Moose. 

Mnskingum (Jenanguèkona, Yenanguakonan), identified, 69, 298; 
lead plate buried at mouth of, 177, 298. 

Nahdoway, origin of name, 23, 326. 

Nantounagan. See below Ontonagon. 

Nassau. See above Hudson. 

Nekouba (Nekoubau, Nikaubau) — location, 46, 304; Jesuits on, 
56, 169, 301. 

Nelson (Bourbon, Pometton) — name, 64, 281, 66, 85; location, 
44, 324, 64, 281, 66, 87; Sir T. Button discovers, 45, 272; corn- 
fared to Hayes (St. Thérèse), 64, 263; navigation on, 281 ; Iberville 
sounds, 66, 89; French at, 97-107, 115. 

Nemiskausipiou — name, 56, 201; described, 183, 201-203; 
portages at, 183, 201 ; rapids in, 207. 

Neshannock, Delaware site on, 69, 299. 

Niagara (Onguiaahra) — 21, 316, 33, 271; location, 21, 191; 
r-pids in, 69, 157; length, 157; Indian sites on, 8, 304; Indians 
near, 18, 260, 21, 191, 313-315; fort at, 63, 277, 304; history, 71, 
316. See also Falls: Niagara. 

Nicolet (Jésus, Pontgravé, St. Jean) — names, 8, 296, 12, 135, 
273; location, 135. 



JESUIT RELA TIONS [RiViM 



Rivers: American (continued) — 

Niobrara, Indians on, 69, 301. 

Nipisiguit (Nepegigwit, Nepisiquit) — described, J4, 310; lïl- 
dJans rendered sedentary on, 153; settlement on, 310. 

Niska (White Water), tributary of Arkansas, 67, 319. 

Norembega. See Norembega, and below Penobscot. 

North — I. See above Hudson. II. Outlet of Bass Lake, Jo, 
305; Indian sites near, 306. 

Nottawasaga — origin of name, 33, 326; Indian sites near, 34, 
351 ; Chaband at, 35, 149. 

Nottoway, eariy name, 44, 323; location, 333. 

Ochoueguen. See below Oswego. 

Oconto (Oukatoum) -- identified, 58, 298; French on, 54, 306; 
mission on, 57, 319; sturgeon in, 58, 375. 

Ohio (Beautiful River, Belle Rivière, Ohohio^ Ouabache, Ota- 
bouldgou, Ouabouskigou, Oyo Riviere de St. Jerome) — 59, 309. 
65, 105, 69, 151, 155, 163, i8t, 193; names and application of, 59, 
312, 6$, 107, 266, 66, 227, 347, 69, 296; on old map, 31, 314; loca- 
tion, 54, 131 ; tributary of Mississippi, 59, 143, 66, 227, 293 ; flows 
from east, 59» I45; Mississippi less rapid below, 6$, 109; alleged iron 
mine on, iii; boundary of Canada, 71, 391. La Salle discovers, 
57. 31s; Indians on or near, 64, 279, 66, 237, 33ft 69, 167, 300; 
trading post on, 65, 268; fort on, projected, 66, ^37, 69, 
217; Mermet on, 66, 339; Céloron on, 69, 151-199» 288, 294; 
lead plates buried on, 165, 183, 296; English on, 183; settlements 
on, 185, 297; Detroit convenient to^ 193; mission to Indians on, 70, 
91. Works relating to, 69, 300, 71, 246, 291, 316, 320, 323. 

Oiogué. See above Hudson. 

Oneida (Oneiout, Tethiroguen) — identified, 43, 295 ; source, 
81, 295; location, 41, 255, 43, 83; deep, 41, 125; Jesuits on, 125, 
4«, 83. 

Onguiaahra. See above Niagara. 

Onnondokoui. See above Oananoque. 

OtumÓBgA — rapids in, 43, 149-151; French on, 41, 125, 255, 4a, 

147. 

Ontonagon, (Nantounagan) — copper on, 50, 327, 54, 163-165; 
fisheries in, 151. 

Osage, Osages on, 64, 279-280. 

Ossipee, Sokokis on, 34, 311. 

Oswegatchie — Indian route to St Lawrence, 40, 147-149, 51, 
295 ; Picquet founds mission on, 69, 295. 

Oswego (Ochoueguen) — described, 56, 51 ; Le Moyne on, 41, 
125; Indian sites on, 51, 293. 



VIvM»] INDEX 289 

Otihatangue (Ontiahatangué). Set below Salmon. 

Ottawa (Algomequi, Rivière des Algommequiiis, Des Prairies, 
Great or Grand River, River of Petite Nation) — 16, 171, 44, 324 ; 
names, i, ai, 3, 205, 303, 5, 291, 8, 294, I3, 21, 43; far-trade route, 

1, 21 ; tributary of St. Lawrence, J, 205 ; rapids in, 8, 294, 12, 276, 
30, 75; dangers and difficulties of navigation, 14, 245, 255, 33, 67; 
route to Hurons, 4^, 247, 251 ; expansion of, called Lake of Two 
Mountains, 58, 295; Island at mouth of, 67, 331. Indians along, 

2, 303, 12, 21, 43, 18, 229, 38> 305; Iroquois infest, 17, 223, 20, 
77, 30, 221, 3S, 201; tributaries, 18, 258; Indian sites near, 258; 
French ascend, 35, 201; fur trade on, 55, 32a Valley of Grand 
River, 71, 312. 

Ouabache (Ouabachei, Ouabachi, Ouabacho^ Ouaboukigou, Oua- 
bouskigou, Waboukigon). See above Ohio and below Wabash. 

Ouachitas, River of the. See below Washita. 

Ouakouingouechionek, location, 44, 243, 323-324. 

Oukatoum. See above Oconto. 

Outaragauesipi. See above Asstunption. 

Outardes (Peritibîstocou, Piribisticou) — identified, 49, 273; 
rapids in, 47; Nouvel at, 45, 50, 33. 

Oyo. See above Ohio. 

Ozages, River of. See above Missouri. 

Papinachois, River of the. See below Shipshaw. 

Parana, mission villages on, 12, 276. 

Parant's, location, 70, 305. 

Passamaquoddy (Pessemouquote). See below St Croix I. 

Pastagoutsie (Pastagoutchichiou sipiou), Crépieul on, 63, 249. 

Pearl, location, 66, 343. 

Pecot. See below Thames. 

Peehetik. See below Peshtigo. 

Pekatonica, branch of Rock River, 99, 311. 

Penobscot (Chiboctous, Norembega, Pemptegwet, Pentegoèt) «- 
names, i, 309, 2, 69, 291, 293; wide spread of, 49, 293; identifie4 
205; described, 47-49; French on, i, 67, IS5, a, 2;, 47-49» » 133» 
393-393» 3. 235, 8, 287, 63, 399; Indians along, 2, 305-307, 3, 8ft 
lit, 12, 274, 60, 263-265; Jesuit settlement on, a, 211, 249, 281, 3» 
55, 271; English on, 2, 292, 8, 287; Dutch on, 293; trade on, 36, 
239; Abenaki mission on, i, 13-15» ^^» 371, 66, 345-34^ 67, 85, 
131, 337. See also Castine, Norembega, and Penobscot. 

Pepawetiche, sawmill on, 69, 121. 

Pequot (Pecot, Pequott). See below Thames. 

Pentegoèt (Pentagouet). See above Penobscot. 

Peribonca (Peribonka) — meaning of name, 68, 325; source» 



290 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Rivers 

Rivers: American (continued) — 

i8, 257; tributary of Lake St. John, 44, 323; curious stones on, 
68, 41-43. 

Peritibistokou. See above Outardes. 

Peshtigo (Pechetik) — identified, $8, 298; sturgeon in, 275. 

Pessemouquote. See above Passamaquoddy. 

Petite Nation — I. Location, 18, 258. II. River of. See above 
Ottawa. 

Piribisticou. See above Outardes. 

Piscataqua, English settle at, 36, 242-243. 

Platte — headwaters of, 59, 312; north branch, 68, 329. Indians 

along, 6s, 269. 

Pontgravé. See above Nicolet. 

Pometton. 5*^^ above Nelson. 

Portneuf (Kouakoueou) — Indian name, 49, 43; location, 273; 
effects of earthquake on, 45. 

Potomac — English settlement on, 36, 244; Indians along, 6 J, 
272, 69, 297; trade on, i, 3. 

Port, River of the (Port Royal). See above Annapolis. 

Rappahannock, Spanish colony on, 71, 326. 

Red — Indian site on, 59, 313; French on, 65, 155; Indians 
along, 173, 267, 269; Jesuits on, 265-266; Iberville explores region 
of, 268. 

René Maheu, Iroquois on, 46, 179. 

Restigouche, boundary of Caspe, 3, 300. 

Ribbon, location, 44, 324. 

Richelieu (Chambly, Iroquois Riviere des Iroquois, Sorel) — 2, 

309; names, i, 319» 9, 307, la, 131-133, 272, 3«, 233. 45, 87, 49, 
265, 60, 251; identified, 9, 307; described, 49, 265-267; Indian 
trail connects with St. Lawrence, 34, 287-289; tributary of St 
Lawrence, 39, 61, 48, 205; islands of, 43, 69, 49, 267; rapids in, 
43, 71, 49, 165; game on, 171; leads to Mohawks, 253, 261, 
265. Council held at, 9, 117, 245, 249; Jogues captured near, 314; 
forts on, 315, 13, 272, 22, 89» 203-205, 247, ^7, a6, 53, «9, 4ft 
393, 30, 305, 49, 8, 253-255, a66, vSf 50, 83, 71, 215; Iroquois 
trophies on, 22, 283; Indians on, 26, 53, 27, 229, 29, 59, 48, 9% 
49, 249; French on, 29, 49; Algonkins captured on, 34, 55; Pou- 
cet on, 40, 155; lands along, cultivated, 50, 245; English plan ex- 
pedition on (1690), 64, 97. 

Richibouctou (Rigibouctou) — trade on, 45, 59; landgrant on, 
63, 300. 

Rimbegui. See above Kennebec 

Rock — location, 54, 308; branch of, 99, 311; voyages on, 71, 

323. 



Rivers] INDEX 291 

Rocky. See above Miami, Great. 

Rupert — 44, 324; headwaters, 323; location, $6, 303; source, 
304; fort on, 38, 320. 

Saco (Chouacoet) — origin of name, 3, 294; flows to south, 
205; Indians on, 207, 22g, s, xg, 34» 3". 67, 332. 

Sacqué. See below St. Lawrence. 

Sagadahoc (Sagadahock). See above Kennebec 

Saguenay (Saghuny, Sagnay, Sagné, Saguenai, Saguené, Sag- 
uéné, Thaydoyseau) —3, 301, 6, 305, 3i, 123, 37, 27, 53, 223* 63, 223, 
65, 47; origin of name, 3, 302; importance, 302; described, 
302, 5, 31, 31, 249-251, 6S, 29-33, 39; length, 3, 205, 
302, 48, 205; tributary of St. Lawrence, 3, 207, 44, 239, 56, 171; 
depth, 37, 211 ; source, 213, 45, 233, 46, 261, 56, 155 ; navigation, 37, 
211, 69, III, 121 ; rapids in, 44, 241 ; tide in, 46, 257; compared with 
Rhone, 48, 205 ; compared with Betsiamites, 68, 99; winds on, 33-35. 
Route to northwest passage, i, 91; for northern tribes, 31, 209; to 
Hudson Bay, 44, 323. Map of region, 68, 325. White whales in, 
5, 275; precious stones at, 281. Jesuits on, i, 16^ 8, 291, 14, 287, 
41, 199, 44, 235, 48, 217, 49, 43, 51, 271, 86, 73, 87, 153, 3102, 59, 
27-29, 68, 35, 69, 129-131; mission on, i, 219^ 237; Indians of, ask 
for Jesuits, 33, 219, 235. Indians on, i, 319, 31, 81, 95, 99^ 33, 75, 
223, 34, 311, 36, 113, 141, 49, 273, 63, 215; Indians of, at Tadous- 
sac, 33, 223; at Sillery, 34, 161; Iroquois raids on, 44, 219^ 48, 
61; Indians flee up, 46, 175. Champlain on, 3, 300; settlements 
on, 51, 277, 59, 305; French ships on, 64, 53. 

Ste. Anne, name, 43, 285, 300. 

Ste. Anne des Monts, 3, 300. 

St. Charles (St Croix II.) — 13, 195; origin of names, 3, 306; 
location, 50, 173; tributary of St. Lawrence, 3, 304; rapid current, 
19, 63 ; natural protection to Quebec, 48, 185. Hubert's fief on, 3, 
308; Ursuline concession on, 38, 207; RécoUet concession on, 43, 
324; Jesuit concessions on, 47, 261, 71, 67. Cartier on, 3, 306, 3, 
292; missions on, 4, 227, 259; convents on, 6, 326; Jesuit residence 
on, 13, 139, 60, 316; frozen, 30, 165; ice in, melts, 34, 5i; opens, 
35, 41 ; Huron village on branch of, 58, 296; Jesuits maintain fer- 
ry on, 71, 69, 105. 

St. Croix — I. (Rivière des Etechemins, Passamaquoddy, Schood- 
ic), names, 3, 291; boundary of Nova Scotia (old grant), 4, 270; 
French on, i, 307, 3, 27, 291, 8, 288; fisheries of, 3, 133; Indians 
on, 13, 274, 60, 263. II. See above St. Charles. III. (Wis.), a trade 
route, 66, 338- 

St Esprit See above Mississippi. 

St Eustache, location, 59, 59. 



292 /ES UIT RELA TIONS [Uven 

RivsRs: American (continued) — 

St Francis (Ark.), Indians on, 59« 313. 

St François — I. (in Que.)» location, 34, agi; settlement on, 
agi; route for Iroquois, 291, 41» 21. II. (St. Francis, St François 
Xavier). See above Fox. III. Location, 6s, 115. 

St. Jean. See above Nicolet. 

St John — described, 3, 69; location, i, 79, a, 223; direction of 
flow, 205; entrance to, 209; on route to Abenaki country, 37, 247; 
grapes on, 3, 67; iron on, 69. French on, i, 67, a, 27-31, 229, 239^ 
291» 3> 197» sii; Indians on, i, 308» 60, 263, 67, 85, 121; saga- 
more of, 3, 89; Jesuits on, 245, 71, 27; Récollets on, 4, 259; fort 
on, 28, 319, 36, 242, 66, 344; missions on, 46, 67, 66, 344, 67, 337; 
seigniory on, 63, 300, 67, 336; French abandon, 66, 344; English 
on, 67, 29; memorial tablet of chapel on, 9, 122, 71, 218. 

St. Joseph — Indians call Ouabachi, 65, 107; portage at, 59, 314, 
66, 285, 71, 317; favorite route Ux voyageurs, 64, 279; rapids in, 
66, 279; Detroit cenvenient to, 69, 193. Mission on, 63, 302, 64, 
279^ 66, 215, 339; Indians on, 348; French commandant desires 
fort on, 69, 189. 

St Lawrence (Canada, Canadian, Great River, River of (}reat 
Bay, Sacqué) — I, 61, 87, 91» loi, 7, 47, 67, 107, 195-M7, Jio^ 8, 
291, 297, 307, 309» 9, 135, 10, 319, 321, II, 71, 83» iiQp la, 153» I» 
207, 211, 217. 231, 16, 19^ 179» 233, 17, 233. 243, 1«, 151» 197. »5, 
229, 231, 239, ao, 309, ai, 23, 47, 57, 59, 9i, 107, "3, M. 47, I", 133» 
J4, 67, 207, 3", «5, 95. »6, 71, «8, 47, 267, 39, 65. 3«. 293» 3i» 21, 

31, 33, 131, 137, 37, 213, 259, 267, 39, 163, 40, 143, i<»7p 41» 53f 55> 
189, 256, 43, Z7* 57, 105, 109, 193, 197, 44, "3, I23, 201, 223, 45, 
99» 46, 227, 47, 103, 48, 289, 49, 17, 21, 39, 45, 73, 50, 29, 119, 
321, 53, 41, 73, 77, 93, 54, 7h 55, 33, 59, 271, 281. 291, 60, 117, 63, 
]8i, 64, 139, 65, 47, 67, 333, 69, 289; names (origin, etc), i, 249i 
307, a, 199^ 205, 301-302, 3, 41, 13, 135. Described, i, 245, >, 205, 
4, 191-193, 18, 15, 79. 4", 91-95, 46, 153, 48, 155-159» 165-167; <ie- 
termines extent of Canada, 3, 41, 36, 813-85; greatest river of New 
France, a, 237; watershed for, 303; navigability of, 9, 161, aa, 
205; shores of, suitable for settlement, 24, 265; distance to which 
its waters are salt, 48, 155; coast of, harborless, 203. Source^ ax, 
191, 3a, 221, 39, 37, 44, 245, 48, 157, 201-203; constant volume of 
water of, 203-205; branches of, 33, ^y, 67, 38, 233, 237, 49, 261; 
tributaries, a, 302-304, 7, 309, «, 207, 29, 61, a93, 3i, 209-211, 

32, 313, 40, 147, 43, 321. 44, 239-241, 4^, 205, 49, 43, 273, 54, 30S 
56, 302, 6a, 223, 69, 290; flows into gulf, a, 67, 39, 35; en* 
trance to, 45, 59- Size, a, 304, 8, 19, 9, 157-159, 3«, 261, 37, xSi 
233, 38, 231, 39, 37, 44, 203, 48, 185, 201-203, 50, 173, to, 139. 167, 



R|v«rs] INDEX 298 

69, 155; distance from Montreal to Gulf, J J, 203-205; length, m 
western route, 39, 99; distance from Quebec to gulf, 47, 61. Is- 
lands in, I, 316, 7, 73, 79. 91. 9, ^5, 30, 30s, 41. 91-93» 46, 343, 47. 
267-269, 320, 48, 157. 53, 69, 59, 49, 305, 6 J, 272, 71, 71» 9i, 39©; 
tides in, 4, 193, 9, 163, 18, 193, 3«, 163, 231, 39, 37-39, 46, 257, 4«» 
203, 68, 31; rapids in, 8, 75-77. «94, la. 272-273, «6, 237, 41, 93, 
129, 4«, 61-63, 69, 43, 139. 143, 49, 261, 69, 151, 15s, 195-197; 
rocks and shoals in, 41, 91 ; lakes in, 4 J, 61-63, 43, 141 ; beauties 
of, 46, 149; compared to other rivers, 48, TJ* 201, 55, 207; har- 
bors on, 48, 185, 59. 306; promontory on, 49, 275; boundary of 
Nova Scotia, 4, 270. Does not freeze in middle, 5, 141; fisheries 

of, 9, 167-169, J3, 307-309, 3«, 147-149. 45, 193. 50, 325, 71, 91; 
game abundant near, 40, 153; protects Quebec, 48, 185; valley o^ 
207; windi( on, 66, 195; seals in, 68, 83; maps of, a, 305, 3, 291, 
59, 306. Discovered by Cartier (i535), >, 2, 4, 105; early verr- 
ages on, I, 4, 305, J, 300, 3. 71. 161, 291; other voyages on, la, 
131-13S, 49, ^11* 223-225, 50, 31, 70, 93; French explore, J4, 265, 
44, 189; Groseilliers, pilot on, j8, 319; De Subercase sees ser- 
vice on, 69, 302; missions on, i, 6-7, 24, 145, 51, 267, 61, 51. Jesuits 
on, I, 209^ 219^ 51, 29s, 67, 139; Jesuit estates on, 47, 267-269, 71. 
67-69, 75, 79-S7, 91. Indians dwelling on or near, I, 213, a, 67-69^ 
205-207, 5, ^290, 8, 300, 18, 227, 233, JO, 306, J7, 233, J9, 205, 
211, 41, 217, 4«, 61, 48, 297. 49. 49. 60, 263, 63, 159, 67, I2ï; 
Indians rendezvous at, 39, 95, 32, 263, 36, 225, 37, 189; 
Indian fleets on, 43, 219, 225. Iroquois travel on and infest, 3i, 
35-37, 63, 95, M, 35, 273, ^3, 35, «4, 267, 271-277, 28ft 295, 25. 25, 
115, 193, 36, 37, 55, 67, 37, 37, 63, 225, 279. a«, 45, «9, 183, 30, 
265. 31, 89, 171-175, 32, 19. 34. 207, 36, 21, 38, 4Î^^3, 147, 40, i6ft 
173, 41, 199-201, 4«, 229, 43, 115-117, 137, 44, 229, 45, 189, 46, 
89-91, 149. 47, Ï53. 48, 161, 279. 63, 274, 65, 29, 67, 25, 7", 14a 146. 
Hurons voyage on, 33, 279, 36, 29, 57, 237, 37, 277; Algonkins voy- 
age on, 33, 279; Algonkins encamp on, 37, 205, 213; Algonldna 
hunt along, 30, 233 ; northern tribes voyage on, 39, 139, 49, 49^ 53, 
219^ 53, 85-87; Montagnais hunt near, 33, 259; Montagnais voyage 
on, 68, 93-95; Ottawas claim, 51, 21; Souriquois runners on, 68, 
107; travel on ice, 33, 77. Settlements on, 3, 209, 14, 268, 15, 249- 
250, 33, 317, 34, 159, 37, 271-273, «8, 318, 39, 95, 30, 30s, 38, 231- 
233, 295, 41, 257, 44, 322, 45. 195, 50«, «73, 51. «67, 60, 131, 66, 189^ 
68, 263, 71, 389; ice in, 3, 217, 8, 39. «4, ^87, 227. «5, 107, 171, ^6^ 
27, 129, 37, 229, 38, 185, 391, 3«, 201, 37, 81, 39, "3, "ft 40, 93» 
44, 85, 183, 221, 45, 133, 47. 23; landgrants on, 11, 278, 3^, 3I4» 
63, 149; storms on, 19, 61, 35. 233, 87, IQ7. 169, 55, 23; nets set 
in, 33, 147-149; amusement of sailors on, 267; vessels on. 



294 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Riv«n 



Rmots: American (continued) — 

34* 55, 6i, 35, 4i, 55-59, 36, 1 17-143, 149, 37, 97-99, "1-117, 38, Vji- 
179, 183, 195, 199, 201, 40, 245, 50, 195; navigation closes, 36, 149; 
English on, 38, 229, 64, 41-43, 47, 53, 66, 191, 345, 7i, I39; fidds 
on, cultivated, 44, 121; effect of earthquake upon, 4e, 43, 47, 90S 
ao9^ 213, 223; fort of Quebec conunands, 159; Talon establishes 
industries of, so, 241-243; shipwrecks on, 60, 119; first lighthouse on, 

71, 390. 

St. Louis. See above Illinois amd Mississippi. 

St. Mary's — described, 33, 149, 80, 263; rapids in, 11, 279, 52, Joi ; 
outlet of Lake Superior, 95, 165; Indians cross, 123-125. 

St. Biaurice (Rivière de Foix, Rivière du Pouez, Metaberoutin, 
Three Rivers) — names (origin, etc), 2, 303, 38, 231, 48, 205; 
identified, 8, 290; location, 48, 205; described, 2, 303, 8, 19; navi- 
gable length, 2, 205; tributary of St. Lawrence, 17, 233, 38, 53, 44, 
241, 66, 189; distances from, to other points, 22, 203-205; route for 
northern tribes, 31, 209-211; islands in, 38, 53, 231, 40, 99, 47, 
265, 66, 189, 71, 87; route to north, 44, 323-324; earthquake 
changes bed of, 48, 47. Settlements on, 2, 303, 45, 233, 47, 253; 
Buteux on, 6, 326; landgrant on, 8, 310; Indians living on or 
near, 9, 307, 18 1 113, 24, 271, 25, 209, 36, 79^1; Iroquois infest 
district about, 21, 21, 35, 41, 24, 233, 25, 25, 26, 83, 99, 105, 38, 
53, 71, 140; Iroquois fort near, 24, 279; Bressani captured near, 
>5, 193; ascent of, on ice, 37, 19-27; sault near, 48, 215. See also 
Three Rivers. 

St. Michael. See above Menominee. 

Ste. Thérèse. See above Hayes. 

Salmon (Otihatangue) — identified, 41, 256, 43, 295; flows into 
Lake Ontario, 41, 256; described, 42, 71. 

Saskatchewan — Indians on, 42, 296; fort on, 69, 298. 

Sault aux Moutons (Kaouasagiskaket) — names, 49, 43, 273; 
tributary of St Lawrence, 43. 

Schoodic (Scoodick). See above St. Croix I. 

Scioto (Sinhioto) — French on, 69, 181 -183; villages on, 181 -183. 

Seneca (Tiohero) — names, 52, 179, 262; Indian sites on and near, 
8, 298, 5Ï, «93; Le Moync on, 41, 125, 255. 

Severn — North River wrongly identified as, 20, 305-306; Hurons 
flee beyond, 36, 247. 

Shenango, Indian village on, 69, 299. 

Shipshaw (Emenipemagau, River of the Papinachois, Rivière des 
Terres Rompues) — names, 59, 43, 305; described, 43; Crépieul on, 

aft 41-45. 
Shubenacadie, galena found along, 3, 296. 



1 



UvOTs] INDEX »5 

Sîtihloto. See above Scioto. 

Slade. See above East Main. 

Smelts, River of. See above Liesse. 

Sokokis (Sokouckiois). See above Connecticttt 

SoreL See above Richelieu. 

Sooth. See above Delaware. 

Spanish, location, lo, 322. 

Stewiacke, galena found along, 3, jg6. 

oturgeon — Indian sites on and near, 13, 269, 19, 971, ao, 305, 43, 
S^f 33» 373^ 34> 256; Hurons 00, 17, 241. 

Suamico^ location, 57, 319. 

Susquehanna — described, 48, 77; Iroquois force passage along; 
8, 298; Great Falls of, 301. 

Tamaroas, River of the (Tamarouha) — Marquette discovert, 65, 
107 ; tributary of Mississippi, 107 ; settlements on, 69, 221. 

Tay, Indian site at mouth of, 18, 258. 

Tchadakoin. See above Chautauqua. 

Tennessee (Casquinambo) — tributary of Ohio^ 65, 256; Indians 
on, 47, 316^ 65, 266. 

Tethiroguen. See above Oneida. 

Thames — I. (Pequot; in Conn.), settlement on, 36» 75, 237; In* 
dians on, 7% 107. II. (in Ont), not on Sanson's m^ 36, 248L 

ThealdkL See above Kankakee. 

Three Meadows, River of (Des Prairies?), location, as, 257. 

Three Rivers. See above St Maurice. 

Tiohero (Thiohero). See above Seneca. 

Tirhiroguen, 42, 205. See above Oneida. 

Tombii^, Chicasas on, 63, 266. 

Topiers. See above Chalifour. 

Toonika, River of the. See below Yazoa 

Trinity, La Salle killed on branch of, 65, 270. 

Tnscalusa, Indians removed south of, 65, 97i« 

Umpqua, Indians on, 68, 332. 

Van Maurice. See above Hudson. 

Venango. See Creeks: French. 

Vermilion, (Thartier's band removed to^ 69, 297. 

Wabash (Ouabache, Ouaboukigou, Wabouldgru) — iqtplication 
of name, 39, 312, 66, 227, 347; names, 39, 312; called St Joseph, 63, 
107; described, 70, 235; direction of flow, 66, 227; Indians on, 
38, 293; fort on, 67, 342; first settlement on, 70, 316. See also 
above Ohio. 

Washita (River of the Quachitas) — Natches on, 68, 221, 336. 
See aito above Black, III. 



296 /ffò UIT RELA TIONS [Riv«nM« 

RiVEKS: American (continued) — 

Waswanipi, 44, 323. 

Wesseninsett, 36, 241. 

White. Sie above Miami, Little. 

Wild-oats. See above Menominee. 

Wisconsin (Meskousing, Miskous) — 59, 309; name, 107; de- 
scribed, 107; source, 16, 358; length, 58, 294; portage at, 294, 59, 
105; tributary ^of Mississippi, 105, 109. Joliet and Bfarquette 
on, 58, 95, 59, 105-107; canal connects, with Fox River, 58, 294; 
Indians on, 68, 330; forts on, 71, 318; voyages on, 323. 

Wolf — I. (in Wis.), identified, 54, 307; Indians 00, 44, 324. 
II. (in Tenn.; Rivière à Mayot), names, 65, 113, 266; La Salle dis- 
covers, 113; described, 113- 115. 

Wolf, Little, mission site on, 54, 307-308, 55, 321. 

Wye —^ described, 19, 133; partial slœtch of, 270. Jesuits on, a, 
24; Indians on or near, 5, 278, 13, 270; fort on, 19, 269; Indian 
sites near, 269, 272. 

Yazoo (River of the Tounika) — 65, 135 ; name and 
267; tributary of Mississippi, 125; missions on, i, 36, 6s, 129; 
at, 127-129, 68, 177; Indians on, 65, 967, 68, 327, 330; Pk^ench post on, 

67. 315. 
Yjadakoin. See above Chautauqua. 

York ( Acoomenticus, Agamenticus) — English settle on, 36, 243 ; 
landgrants on, 243. 

Old World Rivers— 

Bourdeaux, River of (Gironde, Prance), ship sails from, 60, 107. 

Changes (India), 66, 316. 
Lay (Prance), dty near, 69, 65. 

Loire (River of Nante; Prance) — town on, 36, 97; levee on, 43, 
257; Belle Isle near mouth of, 60, 318. 

Nante, River of. See above Loire. 

Nile (Egypt) —cataracts of, 8, 77; valley of, 49, 277. 

Po (Italy) —called king of rivers, 48, 201 ; compared to St. Law- 
rence, 201. 

Rhone (Rosne; Prance) — Saguenay compared to, 3, 21, 48^ 905; 
Manikouagan compared to^ 49, 47; Mississippi compared to, 66, 

259. 
Scorf (Prance), sei^iort 00, 67, 341. 

Seine (Prance) — 18, 67; flood in (1296), 15, 248; gribaoe used 
on, 18, 257 ; bridge over, 35, 291 ; islands in, 291 ; Manikouagan com- 
pared to, 49, 47; Mississippi compared to» 69, 207. 



Riverside Natural History: cited, ss, 321. 
Rivière aux Bœufs, 69, 297. See Creeks : Preneh. 



Robort] INDEX TSfl 

Rivière aux Glaises. Set Rivers: Marguerie. 

Rivière aux Huîtres, Indians on, 69, 123. 

Rivière aux Pommes, beginning of Chautauqua portage, 69, 159. 
See also Creeks : Chautauqua. 

Rivière aux Topiers, J7, 121. See Rivers : Chaltfour. 

Rivière, Belle: . I. Outlet of Lake Kenogamishish, 31, 290. II. 69, 
296. See Rivers : Ohia 

Rivière Blanche, 69, 183. See Rivers: Miami, Uttle. 

Rivière de Caen, 321, 313. See Rivers : Matane. 

Rivière des Algommequins, J, 303. See Rivers: Ottawa. 

Rivière des Etechcmins, J, 291. See Rivers : St. Croix. 

Rivière des Iroquois, i, 319. See Rivers: Richelieu. 

Rivière des Pitchibourouni, 44, 334. See Rivers: Bast Main. 

Rivière des Prairies, J, 303. See Rivers: Des Prairies, and Ottawa. 

Rivière des Puants, 54, 315. See Rivers: Pox. 

Rivière des Renards, 84, 306. See Rivers: Pox. 

Rivière des Terres Romimes, 99, 305. See Rivers: Shipshaw. 

lUvière du Chêne» Grande landgrant on, s, 264. 

Rivière du Pouez, J, 303. See Rivers: St. Bifaurice. 

Rivière du Loiq> (river and settlement in Quebec) : mMoo at, to, 
^3'^Sf 61» 75; inai^ from, miraculously cured, 63, 109. 

Rivière du Sud, lands on, granted, 8, 307. 

Rivière de Poix, J, 303. See Rivers: St. Maurice. 

Rivière Grande: I. i, 31. See Rivers: Ottawa. II. Land on, 
donated to church, 421, a85. 

Rivière à la Roche, 69, 399. See Rivers : Miami, Great. 

Rivière de l'Assomption, 6s» 49* See Rivers : Assumption. 

Rivière i la Terre Puante, io, 333. See Creeks: Cattaraugus. 

Rivière i Mayot (Margot), 6s, 366. See Rivers: Wolf. 

Rivière Noire, 49, 47. See Rivers: Black* II. 

Rivière Puante^ s> ^89. See Rivers: Becancourt. 

Rivière de St Jérôme, S9» 31^- See Rivers: Ohio^ and Wahash. 

Roads: excellence of European, 70, 139; in Prance 3a, 363; difficul- 
ties of, in C^anada, 16, 337, 17, 17, 18, 39» «O, 45, 99r 3i, 19. ipQ. 
3«. 75. 83, 365, 37» i9-37f «45» 70, I39 i^ee also Portages) ; made 
by Iroquois near Richelieu, 34, 3^-389; Indian, from Lake St. 
John to Sept Isles, S9» 3o6 (see Trails) ; concessionaries to pro- 
vide, 71, 79. 

Robau^ Jacques, Jesuit, 71, 136 ; sketch, 153. 

RobbÌB8tOB,Me., De Monts at, 3, 391. 

Robe (Robbe), Antoine, Jesuit brother, 71, 136; sketch, 161. 

Robert, Algonkin convert : Souriquois attack, j8, 173. 

Robert, Huron convert: baptism and death, 11, 139- 131. 



898 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Roftett 

Robert, Huron lad: baptized, ii, 137. 

Robert, , intendant of Canada, 47, 317. 

Robert, , a4>pointed intendant of New Prance, dies at sea, 

71. 396-397. 

Robert, "the Good," Jesuit d<niné, 13» 255; slain t^ Iroquois^ 4a, 
a(^ See Le Coq. 

Robert, , sawyer, dealings with Detroit mission, 70, jg^ 33-35- 

Robert, , secular priest : preaches, 71, m. 

Roberts, Charles G. D.: Canad. Guide-hook, 71, 34a. 

Roberts- Austen, William C. : Canada^s Metals, 71, 344. 

Robertson, J. Ross: Landmarks of Toronto, 71, 31a 

Robertson, James Alexander, assistant on index to this series» 7a, s 

Robertson, Samuel : " Coast of Labrador." 71, 310. 

Roberval, Jean François de la Rocque, sieur de: Ticeroy of New 
France, i, 2-3, a, 292; attempts to establish colony, 41, 292-993; 
meets Cartier, i, 2, 8, 261 ; biography, 71, 334. 

Robes, 10, 81, 187, 223, 265, 267, 271, 281, 289, 291, la, 17. i7. 
243. 31, 221, 33, 193, 3«, 345, 347, 59, "1-113; as ornaments» 7, 
13, 63, 243 ; manner of wearing, 7, 13-15 ; painted, 14, 267; as pres- 
ents, 21, 53, 29, 235, 62, 39; how made, 38, 245. See aiso 
the several fur-bearing animals; and Beaver-sldns. 

Robin, Guillaume, in De Caen's company, 4, 257. 

Robin, Mathurine, marriage, 27, 314. 

Robin, Thomas, 3, 179. See Coulogne. 

Robineau, Pierre, one of Hundred Associates, 36, 249. 

Robineau, René, sieur de Becancourt, 36, 145; one of Hundred 
Associates, 25, 79^ 36, 73, 249; visits French settlements, 37, 
93, 97, 38, 171; sympathizes with habitants, 28, 157; his Hurott 
appellation, 43, 251; returns to Prance, 55, 43, 117; negotiates 
new commercial arrangements, 157; sketch, 36, 249. 

Robiifiia pseudacacia, 69, 297. 

Robinson, H. M. : Great Fur Land, 71» 3io- 

Roche, Nation de la ("Nation of the Rode"), Huron tribe, 8, 294, 
43, 51, 191, 207. See Arendarhonons. 

Roche-Daillon, 4, 260. See La Roche Daillon. 

Rochefort, France, Iberville at, 63, 305; Sérigny its governor, éé, 

341. 
Rochemcmteix, Camille de, Jesuit historian: aid fram acknow- 

Itgtà, 30, 16; publishes Jesuitica, 72, 9; Jésuites, dtedl, i, 30^ 

312, 314, 2, 296, 39?, 303, 307, 3, 299, 4, 258, 26(^ 267-26^ 3, 27s 

287, 290, 6, 327, S, aQO, 292, 308, 9, 310, 315, 14, 287, 13, «50, »*, 

257, 17, 239, 21, 309, 319^ 28, 137, 309, 33, 271, 34, 245-247, 38, 

285, 36, 237, 250, 41, 257, 42, 298, 43, 322, 48, 270, 46, 297, 302, 



Room] INDEX 299 

47, 319. 4«, «95» 50, 322-333, 53, 303, 85, 315-316, 56, 302, 57, 310, 
313» 5», 291, 296-297, 59, 299, 306, 315, 60, 31S, 318^ 322, 61, 273, 
63, 296, 302, 64, 272, 274, 278-281, 65, 263, 266, 66, 339-340, 344, 
67, 333, 337, 68, 333. 7i, 241. 359, 374, 382. 

Rochcreau, ^ captured l^ Iroquois, 37, 113. 

Rochers, ^ sieur de, commandant at Three Rivers, 23, 283, 

24, 193, a6, 81. 

Roches, 1 chevalier des, commands fort among Yazoos, 68, 175. 

Rochester, N. Y. : Indian sites near, 8, 302, 51, 293. 

"Rode, the burnt," 38, 61. 

Rock, nation of. See Arendarhonons, and Roche, Nation de la. 

Rock tripe (rock mushrooms, moss), 55, 143, 149-153, 67, 223. Sie 
'ïii^ de roche. 

Rockets, II, 67, 69, 16, 197, M, 147, 28, 173, 35. 35- 

Rocklort (misprinted Rockport), 111^ site of La Salle's fort, 59, 

314, 71, 379. 

Rocks, regarded by Indians with superstitious veneration, 10, 15a 
165-167, la, 271, 55, 193, 58, 293, 68, 43; carvings upon, 71, 
285-286. See also Indians : social and economic life — pictography. 

Rodriguez, Alonso, Jesuit writer, 27, 105, 34, 43; sketch, 27, 314. 

Roebuck, 60, 163, 66, 225, 271, 67, 169, 171. See Deer. 

Roensa, 66, 39. See Rouensa. 

Rogemont, , sieur, de : captain in Carignan regiment, 50, 133. 

Roger, servant of Jesuits : sent to Huron mission, 34, 591 

Rogers, Prank D. : Folk-stories, 71, 355. 

Rogers, R. V. : "An Old Conveyance," 71, 310. 

Rogers, Robert, English officer: attacks St. Francis de Sales, i, 

20. Siege of Detroit, 71, 260. 

Rogsbray (Rosquebray), 36, 89-93- See Roxbury. 
Rohault, Nicolas, 6, s^. See Gamache, marquis de. 
Rohauh (Rouhault), René, Jesuit novice: endows school for In- 
dians, 6, 327, II, 49, 277; plans for Quebec college, 9, 310; death, 

21, III. 

Roisiers, Antoine de, escapes fremi Iroquois, 45, 105. 

Rolan, Jesuit donné : sails for Prance, 35, 55. 

Roland, Souriquois chief: aids Prench, 2, 263, 4, 27. 

Rollet, Marie: marriages, 5, 277, 9, 306. See also Hébert, and 
Hubou. 

Rollo^ of Normandy : appeal to, i, 307. 

Roman Catholic church — in Canada, 71, 261, 305 ; in United States, 
241, 317, 320; influence, 20, 71; reforms in, 31, 289; payment for 
Jesuit estates in Canada reverts to^ 71, 393. See aUo the several 
religious orders. Statistics, 71, 342; dictionaries, 350, 352-353. Rit- 



300 JESUIT RELA TIONS 

Roman Catholic Church (continued) — 
ual — citedL 34* 53; admired by Indians» i6, 167. Religion — men- 
aced by English, 66, 193-195; accepted by Calvinista, 47, 316. Cath- 
olics — in New Netherlands, a8, 109 — at Port Orange, ji, 99^ 40, 
143*145; in Maine, 31, 205; numerous in Maryland, 99, 75; in 
British army, 71, 25 ; in Philadelphia, 389 ; organize missionary so- 
ciety at Lyons, 66, 333; allowed free exercise of religion, 71, 392; 
share in revenues of Jesuit estates, 393. 

Roman law, compiled by Justinian, 4, 254. 

Roman see, 38, 149, 293, 64* 339» 66, 185, 217 ; relations with Canada, 
16, 257, 258; ecclesiastical questions referred to, 69, «37« 7i> 25. 

Romans, ancient, 45, 203; courage, 49, 215; customs, ja, 2B7, 44» 
297» 8ii 233; religious beliefs, 16, 193; religion of ^latches com- 
pared to that of, 68, 123; augurs, u, 9; wars with bubarians, 
J7, 225, 48, 209, 49, 215 ; Indians compared to, 6, 229^ 27, 243. 

Rome (city), 11, 276, 14, 286, 61, 269; ancient, 30, 25s, 44> 227; 
Pantheon, 63» 163; pestilence at (1591), 18, 256; .cd||urch of St 
Mary Major, 28, 318; indulgence of stations oi, 169; Jesuits at, Ji, 
369, 23, 247* 4a, 298, 47* 247, 257, 48, 183, 87» 307» 60, 313» M» ^i* 
66, 121, 217, 68, 309, 335, 69, 29^ 51. 

Rome, N. Y., Indian sites near, 51, 293. 

Ronseré (Ronseraye), , French ensign, j, 251, 3, 279. 

Rontagarha, Joseph, Iroquois convert : piety, 60, 291-293. 

RÓ0S, Antoine, cowherd : slain by Iroquois, 37, 101-103, f8, 51. 

Roos, John Henry, painter, 71, 402. 

Roos, John Melchior, painter, 71, 402. 

Roos, Joseph, painter, 71, 402. 

Roos, Philip ("Rosa de Tivoli")» painter, 71, 402. 

Roos, R., painter, 71, 401-402. 

Roos, Theodor, painter, 71, 402. 

Roose, Nicolas, painter, 71, 402. See Liemacker, N. 

Roots : used as food, i, 85, I57» ^* 169, 181, 245, ^98-9» 307. 3, 
259, Si 282, 18, 149» 23i 199» S7i 65, 29, 27, 35f 30, 263, 293» 34, 
197, 215, 225.227, 35, 87, 127, 195, 38, 243, 39, 61, 107, 171, 40, 
23, 49^ 245, 42, 213, 43, 253, 58, 143, 60, 161 ; in Indian medicine, 

13, 103-105, 33, 203, 40, 139, 143; poisonous, 18, 27-^29, 19, I73 — 
used by suicides, 14, 37; colors procured from, 43, 259; aromatic, 

■ 

48, 165 ; bitter, used to punish children, 43, 271. 

Ropes : for nets, 70, 59, 65 ; made from nettles, 9, 255. 

Roquai, tribe living at Lake Superior, 18, 231, 44, 324- Cf. Nonquets. 

Roque, C^rlotte, marriage, 70, 73. 

Roquemont, Claude de: one of Hundred Associates, 4, 2$7; cap- 
tured by Kirk, 270, 9, 313, 12, 275. 



1 INDEX «01 

■ ' " ■'■' 1 1 ■ ■ ■ I " .11- 

Rosa de TìtoIì» 71, 402. See Roos, P. 

" Rosaiy," fuune of root, 6, 373, 329. See Apios tuberosa. 

Rosaries, 34, 27, 60, 139^ 66, 135; of alabaster, 30, 153; bom, so, 
173; wood, 60, 139; mnsk-scented, 30, 155; regard of Indians 
for, 34, 93, «5, 189» ^6, 115, 287, 27, 21» 37» 63, 89, «31-«», *4, 
231 ; named bj tbem, 6a, 181-183; thougbt to drive away demonsi 
18, 21-23; of dead Christians, given to their friends, 37, 49; 
needed at hospital, 49, 2"» 80, 163, gi» ii5, 8^, 107; as gifts, s4, 
143, 243, 30, 153-155, 60, 139. Confraternity of Rosary, 97, 109^ 
40, «35. 

Rose: wild, 10, 131, 8^* ^07; Indians indifferent to its odor, 44, 
279. 

Rosée, 8* 388^ ^l* 313* 36, 93. See Rozée. 

Rofqiicbray (Rogsbray), 36, 89-93, ^i* See Roxbury. 

Rossway, N. S^ iron at, 3, 395. 

Rotmre, gn, lands held, 71, 69, lot, 319. See Seigniories. 

RUmier, tax paid by, 71, 390. 

Rodbaud, Pierre (Joseph) Antoine, Jesuit, 71, 136; aooompanies 
Abenalds to war, 70, 91-199 ; visits Montcalm, 105 ; strives to miti- 
gate Indian ferocity, 113, 115, 127, 161, 163; rescues English cap- 
tives from Indians, 185-195, 201; exonerates Pttsch Imn Uame 
in Port George massacre, 175, 181; sketch, 85, 311, 71, 173. 
Letter (i757), 70, 11-13, 91-^3, 3^3, 7i, ^07. Rmtmêd's Cêse, 
dted, 70, 311. 

Rooelle, 3, 159. See Symony. 

Rouen, Prance, 11, 27-31, 271-274, 3i, 318^ 43, 321, 323, 47, Mh 69. 
207; its merchants in Canada, 3, 43, 4, 256-257, 33, 290; emigra* 
tion from, to Canada, 7, 310; commerce with New Pranoe, 16^ 
257; Canada under jurisdiction of its parliament, 257. 

Rooen (dioeese) : its ecclesiastical authority in Canada, 16, 257, 
18, 6s, 38, 185-189, 43, 322, 48, 111-113, 269-271. Bishop (see aUo 
Harlay) — primate of Normandy, 16, 257; aids Mme. de la Pel- 
trie, 17-23, iS, 65 ; acts of authority in Canada, 38, 185, 189. 

Rouen, Robert de, sends goods to Port Royal, 3, 241. 

Rouensa (Roensa, Rouenza), Kaskaslria chief, 68, 263, 66, 39^ 59; 
aids Gtmvier, 57. 

Rouensac, Indian appellation of Kaskaslria village^ 63, 263. 

Rouer de Villeraye (Villeray, Villeré), Louis, Prench official: 
voyages to Prance, 43, 117, 165, 47, 2B9, 44, 237; cotndlor, go^ 
207; marriage, 44, 91; sketch, 321. 

Rouge, sold at Detroit mission, 69, 261. 

Rouhault, SI, III. See Rohauh. 

RouiUard, Marie Elizabeth, marriage, 70, 75. 

Rousse, Jean, Prench writer : his controversy with Bagot, 3S, 293. 



302 JESUIT RELA TIONS [R( 

Rousseau, Jean, of Pans, sponsor in baptism, 9, 43; death, 30s 

Roussel, Gemence, sponsor in baptism, J, 161. 

Roussel, Perry, sponsor in baptism, j, 159. 

Roussel, Gabriel, father of Perry, j, 159. 

Roussd, Pierre, sponsor in baptism, a, 159. 

Rottssy, Jeanne, marriage, 36, 246. 

Routier, Guillaume, captured by Iroquois, 45, 113. 

Ronville, Jean B. Hertel de: leads attack on Deerfield, Mass. 

(1704), 66, 343-344- 

Rouvre, , priest : sponsor in baptism, J, 157. 

Roxbury, Mass., Druillettes at, 36, 89-93. 

Roy, ^ Paris priest : gift to Quebec parish church, 4^, J6I3. 

Roy, , priest, 70, 267. See Lc Roy, M. 

Roy, , voyageur : carries goods for Detroit mission, 70, 49. 

Rpy, J. Edmond, Canadian historical writer: dted, 16, JS7> 43* 

321. " Ancien barreau," 71, 310. " Bissot de la Rivière," 71, 337. 

" Jean Bourdon," 71, 337. " Lahontan," 71, 336; " Lc Roy de fai 

Potherie," 71, 336-337* Seigneurie de Lauson, dted, S9, 306, 71, 

310. 
Roy, Joseph, Detroit habitant: marriage, 69, 306. 
Roy, Marie Louise, marriage, 70, 305. 
Roy, Marie Madeleine, marriage, 69, 309. 
R<^, Mathurin, 51, 91. 
Roy, Pierre, Detroit habitant: 69, 309; marriage^ 306; dealings 

with mission, 245. 
Roy, Pierre, His: birth, 69, 306. 
Roy, Pierre G., Canadian writer: editor, 71, 332; aid from 

acknowledged, 72, 11, 15; cited, s^, 3i3f 43> 333« 
Roy, Robert, sponsor in baptism, 2, 159. 
Rcyjral College of Physicians, London: Pharmacopoeia Lomdim, 71, 

350. 
Royal Society of Canada. See Canada, Royal Society of. 
Royal Society of Lyons, 71, t68. 

Royalle, Mile. , dealings with Detroit mission, 7«, oi^ 41. 

Royalton township, Wis., lake in, 59, 32t. 

Royce, Charles C, American historical writer: "Cessions of Ind. 

Land," 71 > 288. ** Shawnee Indians," 71, 292. Cherokee Naiion, 

71,295. 

Royon, Nicolas, Jesuit provincial, 41, 29^ 37. 

Rozée (Rosée), Jean, Rouen merchant, 35, 51, 36, 93, 37, 311» 42, 
300; relations to Canada, 35, 290; in Tadoussac trade, 57; in Chef- 
fault company, 8, 288; desires concession from Hundred Asso- 
ciates, 27, 313. See Cheffault, and Companies, commerdaL 

Rubrics, cited, 32, 73-77. 



3aMtaraidi] INDEX 30S 

Roe» needed for hospital» 50, 161. 

Roèl, Jacques Philippe, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 156; sketch, 158-159. 

Rum: add to Abenakis, 67, 336; Indians addicted to, 69, 159^ 70, 
125; supplied to English soldiers, 171. See also Brandy, Drunk- 
enness, Intemperance, and Liquor traffic 

Rupella, II, 17. See La Rochelle. 

Rupture, unknown to Indians, 38, 257 ; Indians cure, 10, 209 ; caused 
by chevalet, 28, 169. 

Rush» Benjamin, American physician: Hist. Ind. Medicine, cited, 
33, 272, 71, 281. 

Rubies, 32, 31, 35, 213, 82, 179; used in making mats, 42, 295, S8. 
«ft 89> 139, 133, 155, 61, 167, 62, 75, 66, 231, 67, I3S» ai7; m 
building material, 59, 103, 62, 213. 

Rushford township, Wis., Indian village site in, 34, 308. 

Russia, Mennonites persecuted in, 28, 313. 

Rotteabcr, £. M.: Ind. Tribes of Hudson, dted, 36, 243-244, 71, 



Ruyter, -Michael Adriaenszoon de, Dutch admiral: defeats French 

and English, 87i 3i7- 
Rye : succeeds in Canada, 4, 193, St 67, 9, 163, 23, 271 ; cultivated 

^y Jesuits, 6, 29, 77. 

SABAL PALMETTO (palmetto^ cabbage pahn), 47» 3i6. 

Sabatis, Kennebec Indian, 36, 238. 

Sabi% Joseph: Diet Books Relat to America, dted, i, 29ft 301- 
302, 2, 288-290, 3* a68, 4, 248-251, 8. 269, 273» 6, 334. X4> ^5» 7^ 
22^ Publishes facsimiles, 71, 251 ; death, 223. 

Sabkms, 2, 294, 295. See Islands: Sable. 

Sabrevois, 69, 181. See Bleury. 

Sachems, 3, 297, 8^> ^39, 64, 75» 79» 81, 89^ 91» loi, 276. See aho 
Indians: government; and Sagamores. 

Sacrifices. See Indians: mythology, folk-lore, and rdigioo. 

Saco^ Me., i, 308; early settlement, 24, 309-311. See also Chouacoet 

Sacs (Ousaki, Sachis, Salds, Sakkis, SaJcy, Satzi), Algonqulan tribes 
x> iO, 32, go, 309» 84» 317, 223* 88, 4i> 49» 55» 89> 310, 60, 201, 215, 
221, 62, 193, 203, 67, 161, 68, 257; location, 84> 217» 85» 
103, 183, 62, 203; characteristics, 8I» 45; construct fish-weir in 
Fox River, 84* ^i7; Iroquois hostile to^ 62, 151; French expedi- 
tion sent against, 68, 333. Language, 51, 43» 54, 217, 223» 233, 67» 
161. See also Ousaki. 

Saddles, for horses, 70, 53, 67. 

Sadikge, 2, 302. See Tadoussac. 

Sadry, , priest, 64, 141. 

Saenlarendi, François, Huron convert : pious death, 30. 105-107. 



S04 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Sidffray 

Saffray, Augustin de, 47, 316, 71, 116. 5// Mésy. 

Saffron, in medicine, 50, 327. 

Sagadahoc (Sagadahock, Sankderank), appellation of Kennebec, 3, 

dga; location, 67, 197; settlement, 214, 309. 
Sagahiganirini (Sagachiganiriniwek, Sakahiganiriouik), Algonquian 

tribe, 39, 145 ; location, 18, 239, 258, 33, 149. 
Sagamie, region controlled by sagamore, 3, 89. 
Sagamité (sagamita), 8. 113, 129, 149. io. 59. 67. 89, 149. ■». 53. "7. 

13, 41. M. 173. ^5, 137. 31. 71. 35. 153. 37. 27, tSi, 41, 227. 47. 

73, «o, 171, 51, 139, 203. 59, 129. 153. 157. ^3. ai9. ?5i. 65, 115, 

119, Ò7, 243; meaning and etymology of term, 5, 97, 281, 68, 91; 

dMcriptioQ and preparation, i, 283-285, 5, 97, 267, 281-283, "^. ^i. 

36. 59, 40, 131, 47, 189, 49, 33. 89, 123, 67. 293 ; how stored. 68, 
91; com pounded for, 8, iix, 68, 169; how seasoned, 15, 163, 183, 
81, 123, 137; meat in, 16, x8i; oil in, 43, 325; made of green 
com, 6s, 1x7; compared to paste, 18, 17. French eat, 33, 199; 
as reward, 3x3; used in torture, 36, 47; feaat of, 46, 145; offered 
to Du Foisson, 67, 32X. 5// also Com, and Commeal. 

Sagamochin. satirical epithet, 3, 89. 

Sagamore, Algonquian appellation of chiefs, i, X09, X2x, a, 223, 5, 23, 

53» 59. "5. S84; etymology of term, 1, 73, 309; to whom applied, 

75. Set also Indians: government. 
Sagard (Tbéodat), Gabriel, Récollet historian, la, 275 ; missionary to 

Hurons, 1, 23, 4, 26X-262; sketch, 27X. Cited, 3, 293, 6, 87, 8, 

294, 39, 293, 34, 249. «51. 43. 334; prices of his works, 4, 271. 

Canada, éited, i, 3x1, 3. 295, 303, 308, 3, 295, 297-298. 4, 247. «59- 

264, 268. 271. 8. «82-283, 29X-292, 6, 328, 8, 303. 14. «85. 18. «46. 

«48. 31, 3x5. 3Ï7. 30, 304. 34. «53. 7«. «6o- ^^- Huront, cited, 4, 

27X, 8. «82, 13. «70, 18. «45. «7. 34«-«43. »6, 315. 34. «50. 3^. «9^, 

67. 344. 71. «60. 
Sftgean, Bfathieu: Aventurés, 71, 26a 
Sagima, Ottawa legend of, 8. «84« 
Sagnó (Saghuny, Sagnay), 3, 302, 8. «i. 9. «19. ^o, 187. 193. 31, 209, 

«49. «51. 38. 57. 37. 183. Set Rivers: Saguenay. 
Sagnitaouigama, Algonquian tribe: location, 18, 229. 
Sagocfaiendagehté (SagochÌendage*te, Sagochiendagueté), councU- 

name of Onondi^ head-chief, 41, 69-7X, 255, 43. «77. 48. 89, 47, 

77. Garakontié (?) in X654, 41, 255; voluntary hostage for French 

captives, 69-7X, 79; visits Montreal, 83. «47- 
Sagon'nenrawagon, Oneida captive: liberated, 48» 9X. 
Saguenay region, 18, xxx, 237, 8>. «17; height of its mountains, 5, 

286; abounds in blueberries, 16, 258; not known (x65x) to Ixioquois, 

37. 73; French trade in. 38. 57-59. 37. «i3. 8». «19; called a prov- 
ince, 68, 29, 8x; history, 71, 301, 306. 5re«/f0 Rivers: Saguenay. 



St. AotMtio] INDEX 80ft 

Sagnlxi, , Detnnt habitant: orders masses said, 69, 251. 

SaiUy. 5^/ Dudos de Celles. 

Saìlare, 3J, 313. 36, 31; take part in procession, a8, 195; regaled» 

3J, 85; " iMtptise" passengers, 367; wages, 36. 97; deserters, 38, 

169-X71. 
Sails, 70, 57; of lateen, 56, 18$; doth, 66, 29; used on canoes, 

6«, 39- 
" Sailor's leap," at month of St Charles River, 7, 20$. 

Sainstrary, W. Noël, edits State Papers. 71, 234. 

Ste. Agnes, Jeanne (Thomas) de. Hospital nun, 41, 339, 343; comes 
to Canada, 321, 135, 313. 

St. Aignan (Agnan), 3, 284, 71, 85. Set Fiefs, and Marsolet, N. 

St. Alexis: his travels, 41, 91. 

St. Aloysius: canonised, 18, 256; Guesnier compared to, 68, 243. 
See Gonsaga, Luigi de. 

St. Amand, , a surgeon: captured by Iroquois, 64, 67, 73. 

St. Andre, Detroit habitant: dealings with mission, 69, 377, 70, 31. 

St. Andrew, 8, 51, 53. 

St Ange de Bellerive, Louis, French officer: commandant at Vin- 
oennes, 70, 335; sketch, 316-317. 

St Angelo Castle, Ricci imprisoned in, 70, 314. 

St Anne: patron saint of Canada, 64, 961, 66, 83-85; her shrines, 
14, 388; pilgrimages, 30, 187, 34, 399; feast, 50, 319; confrater- 
nity, 43, 35. Set also Ste. Anne de Beaupré. 

Ste. Anne, settlement at Cape Breton, 9, 13$ ; established by Denys, 
309; Jesuits at, 301, 315. 15» «49- 

Ste. Anne d'Apt, shrine in Provence, 14, 388. 

Ste. Anne d'Auray: shrine in Brittany, 34, 335; gift to, by Anne of 
Austria, 14, 388. 

Ste. Anne de Beaupré (du Petit-Cap), 60, 81, 63, 99; settlement at, 
9, 313; parish, 31, 89; chmx^ built, 9, 313, 3it B9; gifts thereto 
14. 388, 30, 197, 336; miraculous cures at 30, 45-49^ >ix. 319» 3i. 
87-101. See 4/10 Pilgrimages. 

St Antoine, Que. : location, 13, 373. 

St Athanase, Marguerite de, Ursuline: comes to Quebec, 18, 67, 36, 
357; superior, 43, 45. S*. I43- 

St Aubin, Chariot, Detroit habitant, 70, 306; builds bam for mis- 
sion, 31, 33 ; dealings vrith mission, 33-37 ; masses said for his wife, 

69, «59* 
St Aubhi, Jaqueau, Detroit habitant: grinds flour for mission, 70, 

57, 63. See Casse, J. 

St Augustin, Marie Catherine (Long-Pré) de. Hospital nun, 3a, 61; 

comes to Canada, 3J, X33-13S. 3^3; iUness, 133; death, 3a, 57, 79- 

79, 103-10S ; circular letter regarding, 57-81 ; memoir of, 81-97. 



306 JESUIT RELA TIONS [St. 

St Augustin, Marie (Tranchepain) de, superior of New Orleans 

Ursulines: death, 67, 342. Voyagt N. Orleans^ 67, 342, 71, 960- 

361. 
St. Augustine, 8, 147. ^. 97; «ted, ag, 131, 31, 39, 39, 15, 67. 245- 
St Augustine, religious order of, 50, 163; its rule, 8, 311, 11, 276. 
St Augustine, Hospital nuns of, 14, 287, 44. 271. Stt Hospital 

orders. 
St Barbara, patron saint of cannoneerB, 68, 330. 
Ste. Barbe, gun-room of ship, 68, 225-227 ; origin of name, 330. 
St Barnabas, 9, 51 ; patron of Lake Manikouagan. 49, 51. 
St Bernard of Clairvauz: converts his brothers, 30, 253; sketch, 31. 

289; cited, 79, 39» 91. 211. 61, 257. Méditations, 31, 289. 

St Bernard, , a soldier: dealings with Detroit mission, 70, 21. 

St Bernard, Anne (le Cointre) de, Hospital nun: comes to Quebec, 

16, 255- 

St. Bernard, Dom Raymond de, provincial of Feuillants: decides 
that Marie de St Joseph shall go to Canada, 38, 145-147. 

St Bernard, Françoise de, Ursuline superior at Tours, 38, 79, 97. 

St Bernard, Marie de, 38, 85, 103, 105, 36, 257. Set St Joseph, 
Marie de. 

St Bonaventure de Jésus, Marie (Forestier) de. Hospital nun, 43, 
23-25* 53t 189; comes to Quebec, 16, 255; superior of hospital, 36. 
59. 41. 237. 49. 305, 50, 159, 51, ixi, 5J, 107, 53, 189; asks aid 
for hospital, 49, 201, 205-211, 30, 153-155. 159-163, 51, 111-115, 5^. 
105-109. Letters, 35, 285-287, 36, 59-61. 49. 197-2", SO. 149-X63, 
31, 102-115, 53, 57-81. 101-109, 71, 190, 195-196; describes life and 
death of Huron nun, 44, 261-275. Le Jeune writes to, 41, 237- 

243. 253- 

St Bridget, 64, 213. 

St Bruno, founds monastery of Chartreux, 39, 267. 

St Castin, Bernard de: sketch, 67, 336. 

St Castin (Casteins), Jean Vincent, baron de, 67, 109, m, 336; on 
Penobscot River, 3, 293, 63, 63-^5 ; annoyed by English, 6$ ; at 
Quebec, 69, 233; family, 71, 380-381; biography, 63, 299-300, 71, 

334- 
St Castine, Anselm de: chief of Abenakis, 67, 109-ixx; carried 

away by English, 109-1x3; marriage, 336; family, 71, 38X. 
St Cathoine, her constancy, 31, 141. 
St Catherine of Sienna, 6, 315, 10, X05. 
Ste. Cecile, Anne de, Ursuline: sent to Canada, 25, 223. 
St Cendre, 3, 305. Ste Sesambre. 
St Charles, settlement at Miscou, 9, 135 ; Jesuits at, 301. 
St Charles de Bellechasse. Que., 69, 281. 
St Christopher (Christophle), statue of, on Notre Dame, 15, 235. 



SL PnmAà] INDEX 807 

St. Christopher's, W. I., 8» 307; French bom, 63, 305. Sé€ Islands: 

St. Christopher's. 
Ste. Claire, Anne de, Ursnline nun: comes to Canada, 18, 67, $6, 

257; procurator of convent, 36, 129. 
Ste. Clara, her purity, 5J, 223. 

St. Claude, , a soldier, 38, 175. 

St Cosme (Come), Jean François (I.) Buisson (Bisson) de. Canadian 

priest, 65, 135; at liackinac, 69; with upper Algonkins, 262; 

at Cahokia, 264; with Natches, 66, 131; slain by Chetimachas, i, 

36, 67, 303; sketch, 65, 262; cited, 71, 399. Afiss. du Mi$sissipi, 

dted, 64, 279, 71, 257, 261-262; letter. 261. 
St Cosme, Jean François (II.) de, cousin of above: sketch, 65, 262. 
St Croix, first French settlement in Bfaine, J, 209, 300, 306, 3, 43, 

Sx-53f B9, 199-201, 22$; destroyed by ArgaU, a, 267, 3, 11. 
Ste. Croix, i, 83, 5, 219. See St Croix. 
Ste. Croix, 43, 263; platen (plateau) of, 19, 61, 269. See also Points: 

Platon. 
Ste. Croix, Cécile (Richer) de, Ursuline, comes to Canada, 16, 17, 

256, 56. 257-859; cited, 19. 39. 
St Cunegonde, 64, 213. 
St Denis, bishop of Paris: martyrdom, 8, 3x0-311. 

St Denis, , slain by Iroquois, 37. 117. 

St Denis, Juchereau de. See Juchereau de St Denis. 

St. Dominique, Philippine (de Boulogne) de, Ursuline nun, 33, 313, 

35» S9* «91- 
St Bdouard, Mother de. Hospital nun: illness prevents her from 

coming to Canada, 41, 243. 
St Elisabeth, 64, 213. 
St Blmo's fire, 4, 29, 70, 295- 

St Bloy, feast of, celebrated by blacksmiths, 37, 105. 
St Esprit, name of point in Chequamegon Bay, 5J, 262-263, 84, 

185-193. See La Pointe du St Esprit, tf hi/ Jesuits: missions. 
St Estienne, Josephine, marriage, 70, 75. 
St Etienne, 70, 75. See Guignan, J. 
Ste. Famille, parish on Orleans Island, 37, 265, 71, iii. 
St Felidtas, translation of relics of, 50, 197. 
St Plavianus: relics of, at Quebec, go, 197. 
Sainte-Foy, Louis (Amantacha) de, Huron convert, 5, 239, 8, 107, 

in. X39» >0, II, 13, 81, 197. 13. 17» 33, 25, 119, 14, 53; baptised in 

France, 79; captured by Iroquois, 8, 149; exhorts his father, 

9, 281; aids missionaries, 315, 14, it, 79; praised by Brébeuf, 

10, 31-33. 63-65; family instructed, 11, 61-67; reported dead, 13. 
27. 14, «5-27. 45, 79; sketch, 5, 280. 

St Francis, house for Indians, dedicated to, 23, 305. 



S08 JESUIT RELA TJONS [St, 

St. Francis, Reformed Fathers of, 38, 339, 39, 49. See RéooUetai 

St. Frauds, Seraphic order of, 39, 49. 

St Francis d'Assisi, founds order of Fratres Minores, a, 199. 

St Pntncis^de Paula, founds order of Minimes, 3, aoa 

St Francis de Sales: " Blessed," 38, 135; patron of SiUefy mission, 

63, 37-33. 53-5S. 123; sketch, JO, 308; works, 91, 308^ 49» «"• 
St Francis Xavier, 5, 339, 6, 1x3, 8, 187, 193, 9, 43, 10, 107, 109, 

1x3. 14» 139« 17. 75. 4>. 139, 371. 398, 43. 7S. 44. 3^ 4^. xiS. 149. 
59, 195, 305, 60, 139, 64, 131; methods employed by, 29, soi; 
"apostle of the Indies," 39, 36. 339, 38, 75, 46, 391, 48, 143. 
36, 31; missionary labors in Orient, la, 376; death, 365, 48, 
131, 143; canonised, 4, 364; his friend Pereira, 36, 339; festival of, 
50t 319 — instituted in Canada, 33, 151; images, a8, 143; patron 
^ saint of missions, 54» X97» 56, 19, 66, 153; chapel named for, 68; 
109. Epistles, dted, 6, 39, 8, 189, 17, 55, 33, 107, 39, 149, 31, 141, 

aço, 64. 193- 
St François, Mother Elizabeth de, hospital superior at Dieppe: letter 

to Le Jeune, 7, 387. 
St François du Lac, Que., 30, 330; history, 71, 311. Sêê al$ê 

Jesuits: mission colonies. 
St Gabriel, invoked, 40, 133. 
Ste. Géme, Jean-Baptiste, dit Beauvais: settles at KaskasHa, 7e, 

318; purchases Jesuit property, 71, 39. 
Ste. Crème (St Gem), Vitol, sketch, 70, 317-318. 
Ste. Grenevieve, Mo., 70, 318; foundation, 333, 3x6; Jesuits at, 333«' 

335f S75. 3x0; church at, 335; procession, 71, 45. 
Ste. Grenevieve, abbey at Paris: library founded, 41, 353. Sétmisë 

Archives: École de Ste. Greneviòvc; oiii/ Paris: chtux^es. 
Ste. Grenevieve, Marie de, Hospital nun: arrives in Canada, 33, 387; 

becomes insane, 338, 30, i8x. 
St Germain, , a scddier: slain by Iroquois, 37, iis, 38, 59. 

St Germain-en-Laye, France, 6, 31 ; treaty of, 1, 34, 3, 300, 5, 377, 

49.398. 
Ste. Hélène, Jacques le Mojme, sieur de, 64, 61, 37$. See Le 

lAoyne^ J. 
St Henry: his marriage, 64, 313. 
St Ignace, Mich., 37, 319; French trading post, 33, 319; Huronsat, 

69, 385; chart, 33, 330. See also MichUlimackinac. 
St Ignace, Charlotte (Barré) de, Ursuline mm: takes the veil in 

Canada, 16, 356. 
St Ignace, Françoise (Cxiffard) de, Hospital nun, 6, 336-337; birfh, 

7, 3x3; first C^ an a dian nun, 44, 36x, 335; death, 43, 31, 331, 44, t6x. 
St Ignace, Françoise (Juchereau) de, Hospital nun: Hist. Hotel 

Diem, dted, 44, 333, 71. 3W. 



5t. Joseph] INDEX 809 

St. Ignace, Marie (Guenet) de, Hospital nun: first superior of Quebec 
hospital, 1 6, 255, ^4* 187, a8, 241 ; her report of hospital work, ao, 
241; illness, 19. 23; death. a8, 241, 3i. 1 61-163; virtues and good 
deeds, 161-165. Letters, 18, 169, 185, 19, 13-21, 25-27, ao, 243- 
247, 34, 187-189; writes memoirs of hospital, ja, 155, 161-163, 175. 

St Ignatius (Loyola), 8, 193, 9. 65. la, 99, 4a, 271. 45. i»9. <>^. 
105; aids Jesuits, 14, 239; their patron saint, 18, 87; his directions 
for examination of conscience, 68, 326; images of, 14, 123, a8. 143; 
relic of, works miraculous cure, 31, 151; cited, 8, 177, la, 39. See 
also Loyola. 

St. Isidore, cited, 60, 57. 

St. Jaques, , companion of Le Moyne, 4a, 255. 

St. Jean, de, 9, 49; with Montmag^y, 306; at Quebec and 

Three Rivers, IJ, 177. 

St. Jean Baptiste, Marie Marguerite (Bourdon) de. Hospital nun: 
makes prof ession, 44, 117. 

St Jean François Régis: invoked, 60. 245, 61, 85, 68, 39, 95; relics 
cure illness, 65, 109; chapel named for, 68, 109; pictures of , 67, 
323; sketch, 60, 322. 

St Jean de Luz, France: ships in Canadian fisheries, 5, 276; Jesuits 
at, 70, 297. 

St Joachim, Anne de, Hospital nun: arrives in Canada, 33, 287. 

St. John the Apostle : cited, 10, 121. 

St John the Baptist: costume, 5, 25; festival, 7, 310, 9, 121, a8, 
205-207 — bonfires at, 30, 183, 3a, 93, 34, 55, 35, 51; patron saint 
of Canada, 59, 316; Jog^es compared to, a4, 301. 

St. John of Jerusalem: Knights Hospitallers of, religious order, 8, 
306, II, 47, 276; income of its commanders, 14, 286. 

St John, N. B., I, 307, 14, 4. 

St John's, N. F., a, 295. 

St Joseph : patron saint of Canadian missions, 8, 73, 133, 149, 193. 
221, 11, 67, 18, 69, 19, 137, ai, 231. aa, 147. a3, 189, a7. 211, 38, 
127, 40, 161, 49, 21, 54, 53, 56,223,60, 153; aids missionaries, 
>5f 67, 85, loi, 40, 147; other favors conferred by, 14, 29-31, 3a, 
139-14X, 38, 119-127; his festival, a7, 211 — bonfires at, a8, 173, 
30, 163, 34. 43. 35, 35. 36, 115; rosary of, 6a, 183. 

St Joseph, Henry (Gamier) de, Carmelite, brother of Charles Gar- 
nier, 35, 143. See also Gamier. 

St Joseph, Hospital nuns of, 41, 239, 258. See Hospital nuns. 

St Joseph, Magdelaine de, Algonkin girl: refuses to return to par- 
ents, 14, 161; baptism, 163. 

St. Joseph, Magdalene de, Carmelite nun: writes to Le Jeune, 11, 
53, 99 ; gives dowry to Indian girl, ao, 129. 

St Joseph (formerly St. Nicolas), Catherine (Vironceau) de, Hos- 
pital nun: superior of hospital, 36, 123. 



MO JESUIT RELA TIONS [St 

St JoMph, Marie (de Savonnière delà Troche) de, UrsoUiie: beoomas 
a mm, 3ft» 79-^1; goes to Canada, i^, 15, 156, 96, 257; assistant 
in convent, 36^ 129, 37, 95 ; inatnicts Indians, 98, 143 ; religiotis 
experiences» 109-127, 155- 161 ; character and virtues, 71-75, 83. 87, 
93, 109-153; iUnees and death, 37, 95, 38, 149-161, 96, 257; appari- 
tion of her departed spirit, 38, 163 ; biography, 69*165. Letter, 19, 

39-43. 49-51. 
St Joseph (coiw), 43, 55, 57, 235 ; chnrch at, 40, 149. See also 

SiUery. 
St Joseph, Mich., Pottawattomies at, 33, 325. 
St Julien, name of French chapel, 15, 175. 
St Just, baron de, 1, 13, a, 157. See Biencourt, Jean de. 
St Lawrence, sick aided by relic of, 3, 19. 
St Lawrence, appellation of Madagascar, 5, 197. 
St. Louis, appellation of Louis IX.. of France, 39, 311, 39, 145, 

63, 89. 
St Louis, Detroit habitant, 70, ^1-63; origin of this appellation, 

309. See VillerB, L. 

St Louis de Gonzague, , Ursuline, Launay writes to, 71, 31. 

St Louis, Mo., 65, 265, 70, 318; founded, 317; Meurin officiates at, 

310, 71, 388; history, 318, 322, 324. Archdiocese, 70, 304, 
St Louis, Que., application of name, u, 272. 

St Luke, 60, 87, 93; cited, 17, 133. 

St Lusson, Simon François Daumont, sieur de, French officer: Talon 
sends, to Great Lakes, 49« 275 ; takes peeseasion of Northwest for 
France, 10, 322, 50, 324, 58, 107-115. Procès-verbal^ cited, 59, 

314- 
St Magdelaine de Pacai, purity of, 59, 223. 
Ste. Madeleine (Magdelaine), abbey at Châteaudun, 95, 289. 
Ste. Magdeleine (Magdalene, Magdelaine, Madeleine), ecclesiastical 

title of Jacques de la Ferté, ;J8, 79» ^89, 98, 25, 313, 47« ^65, 271, 

4«. «95. 7>. 81-83. 
St Malo, Prance, i, 231, 4, 29; its merchants in Canada, 3, 307, 4* 

256; fildiennen, 67, 335, 68, 117; island at, 3, 305. See also 

Malouins. 
St Margaret 64, 213. 
Ste. Marie, daughters of: religious order, 11, 59. 

Ste. Marie, de, brother of Charles Gamier, 213, 237, 245. 

Ste. Marie^ — . de, Ursuline, arrives in Canada, 19, 269. 

Ste. Marie, Jeanne (Suppli) de, Hospital nun: comes to Canada, 18, 

65; illness and death, 77, 90, 253-257, 34, 173, 35, 203-205. 
Sto. Marie, Wis., Indian village site near, 54, 308. 
Ste. Marthe, Antoinette de, Ursuline nun, 45, 99. 
St Martin, 69r 253, 263, 275. 309t 70, 51» 61. See Bandry, J. 



Êi. PtfTt] INDEX 811 

St. Martin, appellation of Martin Bontet, J7, 113, J8, 241, 30, 155, 

35> 31. 51. 4«. «77. 285. 
St Martin, , Quebec seminarist, 45, 119. 

St. Martin, Antoine Adhémar, sieur de: at Champlain, 45, 271 ; royal 

notary at Montreal, 69, 309! 

St. Martin, parish in Beauvais, France: Le Moyne writes to curé at, 

15. 193* 195* 239- 
St. Mary's, Md., first capital of colony, 36, 244. 

St Matthew, cited, i, 59. 

St. Maurice, , dealings with Detroit mission, 70, 59; masses 

ordered by, 65. 

St. Maurice. See Faucher de St. Maurice. 

St. Maurice, Que., iron industry at, 6p, 291, 71, 312. 

St. Michael : protector of France and the church, 40, 149 ; patron of 
SiUery mission, 48, 65, 50, 133, 58, 147, 63, 127; church dedicated 
to, 31, 139; pilgrimages thither, 47, 299; festival, 3a, 3x3. 

St Michel, blaclcsmith, 66, 59-61. 

St Michel, de, 46, 303. See André, M. 

St Michel de SiUery: Hospital nuns at, 16, 258. See also St 
Michael, and Jesuits: mission colonies. 

St Michel, Françoise (Capei) de, leaves Ursuline nuns, 36, 123. 

St Monica, j6, 97. 

St Nafiaire, France, 36, 97. 

St Nicolas, harbor on St. Lawrence River, 69, 133. 

St Nicolas, de, Hospital nun: comes to Canada, 18, 65. See 

also St. Joseph, Catherine de. 

St. Nicolas, de, Ursuline, arrives in Canada, 19, 269. 

St Ours, Pierre, sketch, 70, 312. 

St Ours, Roèh de: his bravery in battle, 70. 105-107; sketch, 312. 

Saintout, corruption of St Ours. 70, 105, 107, 312. 

St. Papoul, —, bishop of, i^, 99. 

St Paul, cited, 6, 25, 10, 119, 311, 11, 105, 16, 205, 17, 21, 133, ai, 77, 
ail, 275, a6, 197, 31, 131» 343. 39. 151. 46. 201, 47, 185, 48, lod- 
ili, 5^. 191. ^Z* 145; invoked, 14, 173. 

St Paul, Jeanne (Thomas) Agnes de, Hospital nun, visits Montreal 
44, III. 323. 

St. Paul, Pierre de, 50I 320. See La Motte-Lussière. 

St. Paul de Leon, Prance, J5, 65. 

St Paula, 64, 213. 

St Pé, Jean Baptiste, Jesuit, 69, 59, 71, 25, 49, 136; at Michilli- 
mackinac, 68, 251, 281, 289; labors with Ottawas and Sioux, 285; 
superior of Canadian missions, 69, 53, 71, 125; sketch, 68, 332, 
70, 81, 71, 125. 166. Circular letters by, 71, 232-233. 

St Père (St Pair), Jean: death. 43, 67; sketch, 323. 



312 JESUIT RELA TIONS (St. 

St Peter: on Mount Tabor, 37, 235; patron of northern regions, 37; 

cited, 40, 183. 
St Peter's, Acadian settlement: by Den3rs, 9, 309. 
St Philip, baptizes eunuch, JO, 217, 3a, 289. 

St Pierre, , Detroit habitant, 69, 259. 

St Pierre, , comte de: islands conceded to. 67, 63-65, 335. 

St Pierre, parish on Orleans Island, 37, 265. 

St Quentin, Quentin Moral de, 47, 87; sketch, 315. 

St Régis, 67, 323-325. See St Jean François Régis. 

St Robert, founds Cistercians, 38, 293. See also Clairvaux, Robert 

de. 
St Roch des Aulnais, modem name of Kamouraska, 34, 246. 
St Romain, 63, 303. See Chorel, P. 
St Sacrement, Marguerite de, Carmelite nun: invents a rosary. 

6a, 183. 

St Sauveur, 24, 117. Seelj^ Sueur, Jean. 

St Sauveur, , Detroit habitant: dealings with mission, 69, 271. 

St Sauveur, Jesuit settlement on Maine coast, i, 227, a, 249-451, 
306, 3, 55, 63, 265, 271-273, 5, 292; destroyed by English, 1, 129, 

227-233. a. 253-255. 257. 309. 4. 9-". 35. 71, 137. 
St Sauveur, suburb of Quebec: origin of name, 34, 310. 

St. Sauveur de Thury, parish in Normandy: Le Sueur its priest, 

St. Sebastian, Spain: Jesuits at, 35, 65, 70, 295-297. 

St. Simon, de, sponsor in baptism, a, 157. 

St Simon, Paul Denys de: a^ Hudson Bay, 34, 247, 56, 149; sketch, 

303- 
St Stanislas, 4a, 271, 298. See Kostka. 

St. Stanislas, Mère, sister of Felix Martin; biography, 4, 272. 

St Stanislaus: Guesnier compared to, 68, 243-245. 

St Sulpice, seminary of: at Paris, i, 20, 43, 322, 49, 211, 50, 326, 
70, 311; sends clergy to Canada, 51, 177. Montreal branch, 58, 
295; privileges of its priests in capitulation, 71, 394. See also 
Séminaire des Missions Étrangères, and Sulpitians. 

St Susanna, her chastity imitated by converts, a6, 253. 

Ste. Suzanne (Susane), 36, 125, 246. See Chauvin, M. 

St Theresa: her purity, 5a, 223; cited, 10, 113; life of, cited, 16, 29. 

St Thomas, a3, 115; convert imitates his example, 5a, 137. 

St Thomas, Que., 67, 339. 

St Ursula, aa, 179; paneg^con, 49, 171. 

Ste. Ursule, Mother, 71, iii. 

St Valéry. France, 18, 67. 

St Vallier, Jean Baptiste de, 45, 270, 63, loi, 64, 129, 65. SS-SSt 
261, 66, 129; bishop of Canada, 45, 269, 65, 261; relations with 



INDEX SIS 



his clergy, 64, 181-123, 147-149; with Jesuits, 121-123, 137, 149, 
274, 278, 65, 53, 265. 66, 127. 339. <^9. «35 ; with Récollets, 64, 
Z47 ; sends missiooanes to the Mississippi, 65, 83-85 ; founds Gen- 
eral Hospital, 69, 235, 7«. 305; biography, 63, 301-302, 71, 334; 
portrait, 64, frontispiece, 71, 210; character, 68, 331. État prés, 
N, France, 71, 261. Miss. cU Mississippi^ 71, 233. Letter, 
cited, 67, 81. 

5/. Valiier et rkâpùal général de Québec, cìtoà, t^, 302, 65, 261. 

St. Véran, 70, 311. See Montcalm-Gozon. 

St Vincent de Paul, aided by chevalier de Sillery, 14, 287. 

St. Xavier, Mother de, Ursuline: Launay writes to, 71, 49-55. 

St. Yotoc, 69, 298. See Scioto. 

Saintes, France, 37, 314. 

Saints, pope forbids unauthorized publications concerning, 38, 211 ; 
invoked, 39, 125; biography, 71, 333. 

Sakahiganiriouik, 33, 149. See Sagahiganirini. 

Sakapouan, an Algonkin, 8, 35, 37, 9. 195, 197; impious death, 7, 

295-297. 
Sakapwam, Philippe, Montagnais convert, 35, 155. 
Sakitounegouchit, Jean, Algonkin convert: sickness and pious death, 

JO, 243-245. ' 
Sakis (Sakkis, Saky), 54, 217, 58, 41. 49. 55. 60. 201, 221, 6j, 193, 

203, 67, 161, 68, 257. See Sacs. 

Salampar, de, accompanies Courcelles, 50, 131. 

Salazar, Jacques de, son of Poutrincourt: sponsor in baptism, i, 113. 

Salazar, Jeanne de, mother of Poutrincourt, i, 306, 3, 129. 

Salem, Mass. : founded, 36, 242 ; Druillettes at, 95. See also Naum- 

keag. 
Sales (Salles), François de. See St. Francis de Sales. 
Salien, Yves Hyacinthe, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 136; sketch, 178. 
Salières, Henri de Chapelas, sieur de, colonel of Carignan regiment, 

49. 173. 274. 50, 147, 51. 171; arrives in Canada, 49, 165, 50, 83; 

explores Lake Champlain, 49, 173; erects jFort Ste. Thérèse, 255; 

takes Indians to France, 51, 173; his career, 171-173. 
Salignac, François de, ^50, 326. See Fénelon, abbé de. 
Salina rocks, 43, 326. 

Salisbury, J.^H.: Hist, of Maise, cited, 11, 275, 71, 348. 
SaUee (Sale), town of Morocco: pirates from, 4, 265. 
Salleneuve, Jean Baptiste (François) de, Jesuit. 70, 77, 71, 136; with 

Hurons, 69, 77; in Illinois missions, 70,3x0; compelled to abandon 

that of Detroit, 277; sketch, 85, 310, 71, 175. 

SaUes, de, ao, 91. See St Francis de Sales. 

Salmon, 6, 271. 9. 167, 10, 181, a8, 25, 221, 30, 173, 31, 251, 43, 149, 

151, 45, 161. 53. 243, 56, 49. 59,,5i. 59; where found, a, 171, 40, 



814 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Sidnofl FriDf 

Salmon (continued) — 

21 7i 45* i6i, 50, 241 —in Iroquois country, 43, 79, 43, 2ti(Sfê 
also Salmon-trout); enter St. Lawrence from sea, 48, 17$; salted, 
exported to Antilles, 50, 341. Fisheries, 1, 69, 34, 310, a8, 191, 
34i 55» 45* 161, 69, 91-^3, 123; season for, 3, 81; first, of season, 
33, 87; amount of catch, 99; harpooned by Hudson Bay Indians, 

45. 333- 

Salmon Palls, N. H., captured by French and Indians, 64, 274« 

Salmon-trout, 13, 147; in Onondaga Lake, 41, 125. 

Salmonidœ^ 9, 307. 

Salomon, Algonkin convert: visits apostate, 35, 253. 

Salt, 4, 25, 37. 58, 107, 66, 29, 70, 59; where found, 3. 397, 8, 289, 
63. 272 (see also Salt springs); manufactured in France, 3, 179; 
not used by Indians, 6, 267, 7, 45, 18, 17, 31, 281, 38, 245, 39, iii, 
199. 231, 44, 279, 283; Montagnais begin to use, 5, 103; Arkansas 
use, 67, 257; made at Onondaga Lake, 43, 259; at Big Bone Lick, 
69, 300; neutralizes venom of rattlesnake, 70, 141; sold at Detroit 
mission, 43, 47, 59; price, 23; Onondaga belief concerning, 41, 256. 

Salt-cellars, of pewter, 69, 271. 

Salt springs, 59, 97; in central New York, 41, 125, 255, 258, 43, 95- 

97. 43, T51-153. 259. 5i. 293. 56, 49. 59. 97; in Illinois, 60, 163. 66, 

291, 348, 69, 221; in Kentucky, 189, 299-300; in Lorraine, France, 

43, 151 ; caustic substances found in, 259, 326. 
Saltpeter, found along Saguenay, 68, 31. 
Saluts des 00, 47, 319. SeeO*s, benedictions of. 
Si^maricois, Souriquois appellation of Malouins, I, 163. 
Samarobriva, 3, 310. See Amiens. 
Sambro, 3, 305. See Sesambre. 

Sammonsville, N. Y., Indian village sites near, 51, 294. 
Samp, a preparation of maize, 5, 282. 
San Domingo. See Islands. 
San Salvador. Brazil, Jesuits at, 13, 276. 
San Severino (St. Sevérin), Italy, 3i, 318. 
Sancerre, a noble family in France, 38, 233. 
Sandarac, a gtun used in medicine, 49, 277. 
Sanden, H. van der, St. Louis ecclesiastic: finds MS., 70, 304. 
Sanderank, 67, 197, 338. See Sagadahoc. 
Sandflies, annoy missionaries, 10, 91. 
Sandrier, Simon Imbert, 3, 307. See Imbert 
Sandron, Jean-Baptiste, Jesuit brother, 71, 136; sketch, 156. 
Sandstone, in Acadia, 3, 69, 296-297. 
Sandwich, Eng., Jesuits at, 4, 75. 
Sandwich, Ont, 69* 300, 305, 7«. 3^5; Jesuit church at, 79, 309; 

Indian sites near, 16, 259. 



INDEX S15 



Sandy Cove, N. S., iron at, 3, 395. 

Sangwati, François, Huron chief: baptism, 10, 11. 

Sansoucy (Sans soucy), serves Hospital nuns, 41, 241, 43, 33-15. 

Sansquartier, a soldier: trades for Detroit mission, 70, 41, 47. 

Santa Casa, Loreto, described, 18, 256. 

Santweronons, 34, 271. See Senecas. 

Saonaretsi, Ignace, Hmt>n convert: slain by Iroqttois, 33, 85; pMty 

and virtues, 34, izx-113, 33, S5-89. 
Saonchiogoua, Louis, Cayuga chief: conversion and baptism, 54, 

269-273. 
Sa,ondionrhens, Charles, Huron convert: baptism, 3a, 81. 
Saonwaretsi, Jacques, Huron convert: captured by Iroquois, 37, 

95-97. 
Saossarinon, Huron medicine-man: his practices, 13, 237-243.' 

Saouandanoncoua, Joseph, Iroquois convert: torture, baptism, and 

death. 13, 37-79. 
Saouandaouascouay, Huron chief: sentences captive to death by tor- 
ture, 13, 39, 53, 55. 
Saouaretchi, misprint for Saonaretsi, 34, iii. 
Saouenhati, Thomas, Huron convert: piety, 33, 139-141. Cf. 

Sawenhati. 
Saouhenhohi, Ignace, Huron convert, 53, 97-123. See Tsaouenho- 

houi. 
Sa.owendoiak, a Huron: captured by Iroquois, 35, 59. 
Saracens, fight Christians, il, 276. 
Sardines, taken on Acadian coast, i, 69, a, 171, 245. 
Sargent. Charles S. : Silva of N. America, 71. 348. 
Sarracenia (pitcher-plant), why thus named, 67, 338. 
Sarrasin (Sarrasin), Michel, king's physician for Canada: attends 

Rale, 67, 237; sketch. 338-339- 
Sarrazin, Nicolas, physician: sketch. 67. 339. 
Sasousmat, François, Montag^nais convert, 7, 277 ; dit Marsolet, 6, 

X09; conversion and pious death, 109-113, 119, 7, 69. 
Sassafras {sassafras sassafras), i, 73; called ''universal plant,'* 

43, 259; history. 325. 7«. 347- 
Sasseville, J., Canadian antiquarian: Two Jes, MSS,, 71, 241. 
Sasteretsi (a Huron?), 46, 143. 
Satin, garments of, 15, 223. 
Satouta, Robert, Huron seminarist, 9, 273, 285-291, la, 41, 59, 93, 13, 

121; baptism, 11, 8z; sickness and death, la, 49-57. 
Satsi, 54, 223. See Sacs. 

Sauod-dishes, 49, 209; of pewter, 50, 163; of tin, 51, 113. 
Saucisson, 11, 69; defined, 277. 
Sauenhati, 23, 241. See Sawenhati 



816 JESUIT RELA TIONS [SmAt 

Sault, definition, 48, 215. See also Rapids. 

Sault, people (nation) of, 18, 231, 38, 237, 45» 105 ; why thus named, 

33i 149; territories occupied by, 55, 159; trade with Hurons, 15, 

155. See also Ojibwas, and Sauteurs. 
Sault au RécoUet: origin of name, i, 23, 4, 261; mission at, 1, 20; 

Iroquois converts settle at, 63, 275, 67, 69. 
Sault de Ste. Marie (Sault Sainte-Marie), 33, 328, 33, 151, 38, 294, 

47. 317. 50. 263, 265, 51, 61, 53, 203-207. 54, 127, 153. 197» 225. 
231, 241, 55, 113, 159, 179. 185, 58. 285, 71, 312; location, 54. 129; 
importance, 55, 157; described, 54, 129; its fisheries, 33, 149, 54, 
129, 135; tribes near. 18, 231. 259, 30. 113, 33. 271. 44. 251. 63, 
193 ; rendezvous for Ottawas and others, 53, 201, 54, 131-133, 55, 
97. 58, 255; visited by Hurons, 33, 225-227; Crées trade at, 66, 
107; Sioux murdered at, 58, 255-263, 59, 71; Indian population, 
33, 225, 5^. 213, 54, 133; Galinée at, 50, 321; Joliet and St. 
Lusson at, 324; Indians summoned hither by French officials, 55, 
107, 320; legend concerning, 54, 201. See Jesuits: missions; and 
Rapids. 

Sault, Grand: of St. Lawrence, I3, 272, 43, 141, 49. 145, 69, 195; 
of Ottawa {see Rapids: Long Sault), 44, 237, 46, 121; appellation 
of Sault de Ste. Mane, 44, 251. 

Sault of Lake Superior, 48, 75, 49. 245. See Rapids: St Mary*s 
River; and Sault de Ste. Marie. 

Sault of Three Rivers, leveled by earthquake, 48, 215. 

Sault St François Xavier, 63, 167, 237, 245, 255, 63, 149, 191. See 
Rapids: Lachine; j;»// Sault St Louis. 

Sault St. Louis (Grand Sault): origin of name, I3, 272; location, 
18, 229 ; limit of navigation on St Lawrence, 79, 227 ; danger- 
ous, 40, 153. See also Jesuits: mission colonies; and Rapids: 
Lachine. 

Sault Ste. Marie, Ont, Algonkin name for, 18, 259. 

Saultois, appellation of Iroquois converts at Sault mission, 64, 119. 

Saumur, France, church at 34* 235. 

Saunders, Frederick, librarian: aid from, acknowledged, i, xii. 

Saurel, Pierre de, I3, 272, 49, 275. See Sorel. 

Sault Skia,é, 38, 181, 294. 

Sauteurs (Saulteurs, Sauteux), Algonquian tribe, 15, 247, 55, 119, 
159, 201, 58, 259; origin of name, il, 279, ^3. 325, 4^. 75. SL 61, 
54. 133; ancestry, 18, 259; location, 63, 193; population, 54, 133; 
character, 66, 283-285 ; Pottawattomies visit, 33, 225 ; at Kewee- 
naw, 45, 270; in Ft Greorge campaign, 46, 301; attack Iroquois, 

48, 75-77; attack Michillimackinac, 70, 251. See also Ojibwas, 
and Sault, people of. 

Sauthouis (Sauthois), 67, 249, 339. See Sitteous. 



Schmidt] INDEX 317 

Sauvage, , abbé, editor, 71, 243. 

Sauvage, Catherine, marriage, 69, 309. 

Sauvage, Marie Anne, marriage, 69, 307. 

Sauvole de Villantray, , French officer: entertains Spaniards, 

65, 167; death, 270. Journal^ 71, 261. 
Savannah, N. Y., Indian sites near, 8, 298, 51, 293. 
Savaimas (meadows), about Hudson Bay, 66, ixi. 

Savare, Mme. de, sponsor in baptism, 3, 161. 

Savarre (Savare), de, sponsor in baptism, 3, 157. 

Savary, : flees from Three Rivers, 38, 171; perishes from 

want, 179. 
Savary, P. L., editor, 71, 351. 

Savigny, de, sufEers shipwreck, 33, 279-281. 

Savonnière. Marie de, 16, 15, 256. See St Joseph, Marie de. 
Savonnìère (Savonière), de, seigneur de La Troche, allows 

his daughter to go to Canada, 16, 15. 
Savoy (province), French envoy sent to, 8, 287. 
Saw, crosscut, 70, 57. 

Sawenhati, a Huron: slain by Iroquois, 37, 115. 
Sawenhati (Sauenhati), Thomas, Huron convert: slain by Iroquois, 

33, 241, 36, 205 ; piety, 203-205. 
Sawmills, 38, 113, 69, 121, 211-213, 308, 70, 33, 39-41. 
Scadding, Henry: Toronto of Old^ 71, 311. 
Scaffolds: used by fishermen, 56, 123 — for dr3ring fish, 5, 276; by 

southern Indians, as protection from mosquitoes, 59, 147; captives 

tortured on \^€e Indians: warfare — captives). 
Scahentoarrhonons, 8, 115; possible identity, 302. 
Scallop: shell used as knife, 31, 45. 
Scalping. See Indians: warfare. 
Scammony, used in hospital, 49, 205, 50, 161. 
Scandouati, Onondaga chief: envoy to Hurons, 33, 121; commits 

suicide, 125-127. 
Scanonaenrat, Huron village, 8, 125, 10, 11, 19, 272, 36, 245; loca- 
tion, 8, 303, 17, 87, 34, 254; importance, 17, 87. 
Scapulars, made by Indian converts, 69, 37. 
Scarecrows, in orchards of France, 13, 231. 
Scarida^ 8, 306. 

Scarification, in Indian medicine, 33, 293, 33, 203. 
Scharf, J. Thomas: Hist, Maryland^ cited, 63, 272, 71, 326. Hist, 

St. Louis, cited, 4, 268, 71, 322, 324. 
Schenectady, N. Y. : founded, 71, 335; attacked by French and 

Indians (" day of Corlard'*), 63, 302, 305, 64, 61, 274-275. 
Scheniel, Jean, Jesuit, 71, 136; sketch, 147. 
Schmidt, Ernest: PMarmaceut, Chemie^ 71, 350. 



tu JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

Schoolcraft, Henry R., American ethnologist, 9, 308, la, 271, S4i 
307. Algic Researches^ cited, 9, 386, 10, 330, 71, 368. Amer, 
Indians, 71, 271. Hiawatha, la, 370, 71, 378. //»/. Ind. Tribes^ 
cited, I, 310, 5, 383-386, 6, 338-330, 69, 397, 71, 371. AÎJ//1 Ml 
Iroquois, 31, 313, 71, 394. Onéota, 71, 368. Thirty Years, 71, 
371. Western Scenes, 71, 378. 

Schoudon, Etechemin chief : friendly to French, 3, 398; his name 
after death, 131. See also Chkoudun. 

Schuyler, Peter: first mayor of Albany, 64, 377; confers with Milet, 
103. 

Sciana (weakfish, maigre), 3a, 313. 

Sdllery, 36, 83, 89. See Sillery. 

Scioto, 69, 398. See Sinhioto. 

Scioiix, 65, i73i 187, 337, 66, 31. 39. 289, 68, 399. 3i3- See Sioux. 

Scissors, given to cure sick, 43, 367 ; needed in hospital, 49, 309. 

Sciurida, zoological order, 6, 339. 

Scot, Dominique, Jesuit brother, ai, 391, 71, 136; arrives in Canada 
(1639), >8, 73-75; with Hurons, 33, 87; returns to Prance (1645), 
87; sketch, 71. 143. 

Scotch: in settlement of Acadia, 4, 370, 71, 309; heresy among, 4, 
115; at Nipisiguit, 34, 310; at Fort Orange, 40, 143-14S; in British 
army, 71, 35. 

Scotfand, 66, 189, 67, 339; Jesuits in, 71, 3S* 

Scott, Rev. Henry A., Canadian writer: aid from, acknowledged, 
73, II. N,'D, de Sainte Foye, 71, 311. 

Scott, Thomas, member of commission of inquiry, 71, 93. 

Scow, used at a ferry, 71, 69. 

Scrofula, among Indians, 6, 363, 35, 139, 41, 195, 6$, 47, 68, 61-63. 

Scull, Gideon D. : editor, 71, 359. 

Scurvy (mal de terre)-, described, 3, 51; causes, S3; spruce a 
remedy for, 13. 369; attacks white men, 3, 391, 3, 393, 7, 369, 8, 
393-393, 13. 365. 35, 39, 3^, 35-37. 45» 61, 64, 155, 351, «SS, 66, 
69, 103; ^mong Indians, 34. 3^0, 33, 35-37« 59. 53; banished £ram 
Miscou, 33, 37-39. 

Scycotypus canaliculata, 8, 313. See Periwinkle. 

Scythia, its cold climate, 30, 355; its people called "sages," I, 

73-75. 
Sea^: called by Indians " stinking water," 38, 339, 45i d^Oi fit SS 

(see Ouipipeg, Winnipeg); "nation of," 43,331 {see Stinkaxda, 

and Winnebagoes). 
Sea^bean, 64, 380. See Beans. 
Sea-biscuit: Indians e^t, 30, 189, 37, 35-47; offered to weather-gpa, 

68,43. 
Sea-cows, in St Lawrence, 48, 45. 



Siff^] INDEX 3^9 

Sea-dogs, hunted by bears, 45, 227. 

Seas: Acadian, 18, 233, 31, 187 (see Bays: Pnndy). California, 
54i 137. 59. 87, 141. Caribbean, 71, 356. China — 4, 191, 8. 295, 
40, 61, 45. 185, 221, 46, 249. 293. 4^ 143. 55. 237. 58, 103, 59, 87; 
boundary of New Prance, 3, 199, 3, 43. Florida, 54, 137, 55, 97, 
207. Fresh- water, 38, 49, 235, 237, 39, 99 {.see Lakes: Huron; and 
Mer douce). Icy, 38, 227 (see Oceans: Arctic). Japan, 45, 225, 
46, 251, 291, 54, 135-139. 55. 237, 58, 103. Northern — 18, 239. 
37. 67, 38, 237, 41, 183, 185, 43, 53. 44. 241-243. 45. 187. 219, 223, 
46, 109, i8i, 253, 255, 263, 271. 275. 287, 47. 153. 279. 49. 69. 71. 
50, 29, 177. 5>. 55. 63, 211, 54. 133. 135. 201, 251, 55, 99, 5O. 
155. 157. 177, 58, 65, 73. 93. 59, 65, 67, 68, 43; speculations 
regarding, 45, 221, 46, 249, 291, 54« 135-137; search for land 
routes to, 18, 235-237, 55, 235; discovered by Albanel, 61, 151; 
routes to, from Canada, 44, 235-245 — dangers of, 46, 283-^95; 
tribes near, 18, 25, 4^. 221, 44. 239. 49, 71. 5«, 57; trade at, ai, 
125, 239; J// Bays: Hudson. Red — Gulf of California resembles, 
59, 307. South— 14, 285. 45. 187, 221, 223, 47, 147. 51. 55, 54. 
191, 55, 107, 57, 263, 58, 65, 71, 59, 67, 235; its discovery under- 
taken, 55. 235, 58, 93- Vermillion, 45, 223, 47, 147, 316, 55. 207, 
58, 103, 59, 87, 141, 143, 307 (j/^ Gulfs: California). Western — 
54. 137, 139, 191. 55. 99. loi. 60. 205; search for, 68, 233, 283, 69. 
235. 304. 70, 251. 

Sea-salt, remedy for rattlesnake bite, 69, 167. 

Sea-sickness, French suffer from, 60, 109-111, 115. See also 
Oceans: voyages. 

Sea-wolves: hunted by white bears, 45, 227; found in St. Lawrence, 
48. 175. See also Seals. 

** Sea-wrack,** on Saguenay River, 68, 33. 

Seals: described, 68, 85-89; compared to dog-fish, 85; food of, 85; 
various kinds of, 87; bladders of, described, 91. In St. Lawrence, 
5. 19. 48, 175, 59, 51, 68, 83; in Canada, 6, 271; at Tadoussac, 3a, 
93. 35. 57; Î11 Eskimo country, 45, 67; at Isle Rouge, 107-Z09; in 
Gulf of St Lawrence, 68, Qi-93; in river of Koatiouak, 293. 
Season for hunting, 3, 79; method of hunting, t^, 313, 48» 175« 49, 
97; hunted (fisheries), I, 69, 3 J, 93, 35, 57, 36. 113, 45, 107-X09, 
50, 241, 67, 65, 69, 95, 99, 107-109, 121; location of fisheries, 3a, 
93. 35. 37. 67, 65, 69, 95, 99, 107-109, 121 ; profit from fisherjes, 
50, 241 ; white bears hunt, 45, 227. Oil made from, 3, 79, 1x5, 
3^. 93. 59. 51. 59. 68, 89-93; uses of, 3. 115, 68, 83, 89-91; varie- 
ties of, 89; preparation of , 89, 93. As food, 3, 79, 45, 67, 59, 59. 

68, 87-89. Skins — shipped from Tadoussac, 69, 95-97: from 
Jérémie Islets, iii; in barter, 3, 69; trade in, 4, 113, 69, 127; 
value in beaver (money), 127; uses of, 1, 281, 3, 77, 45, 67, 68, 85, 

69. 95; Hospital ntms desire, 51, 115. 



3â0 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

Seasons: spirits of, 6, t6i {see also Genii, and Spirits) ; of year, how 
counted by Indians, 15. 157. 

Seawant. See Sewan. i. 

Seaweed, seals find food in, 68, 85. 

Secondon. See Schoudon. 

Secular priests: with De Monts, 1, 5, 185, 301; with Poutrincourt, 
129, a, 87, 91; among Souriquois, 1, 14; with Iroquois on St. Law- 
rence, 33 ; in western missions, 35 ; powers of, 3, 137. See also 
Missions, Séminaire des Missions Étrangères, Seminarists, and 
Sulpitians. 

Seeds: used as food by Indians, 31, 91 ; Jesuits furnish, for Detroit 
farm, 69. 253. 

Seever, William J. : Prehist, Remains^ cited, 59, 313, 71, 269. 

Séguin-Laderoute, Jeanne, marriage, 70, 307. 

Seignelay, French secretary of state, son of Colbert: death (1690), 

64. 277. 
SsiGNiORiBS (see also Fiefs, and Jesuits: estates): extent of, 41, 

245; on St. Lawrence, 4, 268, 47, 259-271; domains within, 
reserved for seigniors, 261, 267, 71, 67-69. Anticosti, 50, 325; 
its first seignior, 71, 334. Batiscan, 35, 289, 43, 321-322, 65, 
Z83, 71, 81-83. Beauhamais, 67, 332. Beauport, 4, 26S, 6, 326, 
48. 15g, 296, 71, 67, 71, 73. Beaupré, 5, 288, 11, 278, 4a, 285, 300, 
48, 159. Bécancour, 36, 249. Belair, 71, 77, 79, 391. Berthier, 
50, 320. Boucherville, 38, 316. Cap de la Magdelaine, 35, 289» 
37, 266, 48, 295, 65, 183, 71, 83, 85. Chambly, 49. 275. Cham- 
pigJiy. 7>. 75- Champlain, 36, 247, 71, 81, 85. Chateauguay, 37, 
312. Coumoyer, 8, 309. Demaure, 71, 77. Dusablé, 71, 87. 
Gaudarville (Godarville), 37, 313, 71, 77-79. Isle aux Cochons, 
8, 31Q. Isle aux Ruaux, 47, 267, 269, 71, 71. Isle Percée, 48, 296. 
Jemseg, 63, 300, 67, 336. Jolliet, 50, 325. Kamouraska, 63, 274. 
Lachenaye, 8, 309. Lachine (St. Sulpice), 13, 273, 57, 315. La 
Poterie, 30, 167, 193, 306, 36, 119, 131. La Prairie de la Magde- 
laine, 47, 320, 55, 319. 59» 316, 63, 149-151, 65, 183, 71, 91. 
Lauson (côte de), 5, 292, 3i, 318, 35, 290, 47, 261, 66, 43, 71, 310. 
Lirec, 37, 265. Longueuil, 37, 312, 71, 91. Lussaudière, 50, 320. 
Mines, 3, 296. Montreal, 6, 325, I3, 273. Neuville, 71, 77. N.- 
D. des Anges, 6, 326, 11, 277, 47. 261, 48, 159. 296, 65, 183, 71, 67- 
71 {see Charlesbourg). Onondaga, 41, 245-247. Orleans Island, 
43, 300. Orsainville, 49, 275, 71, 67. Pachirigny, 71, 87. Petite 
Nation, 5, 291. Portneuf, 8, 309, 30, 306, 36, 249. Rivière 
Jacques Cartier, 35, 289, 71, 77. St. Augustin, 71, 77. St Chris- 
tophe Island, 71, 87. St. Etienne de Beauce, 69, 291. St Gabriel, 
6, 326, 58, 296, 65, 183, 66, 45. 70, 209, 71, 71-75, 79 {see Lorette). 
St Maurice, 69,^291. St Michel, 60, 71, 70, 207, 209. 71, 79. St 



] INDEX 821 

Michel de Sillery, 37, 311. St Snlpice, la, 273 (ste Lachine). Ste. 

Croix, 8, 311. Ste. Marie, 71, 81. Sault St Louis, la, 272, 273, 

59. 316, 71. 91- SiUery — 47, 263, 65, 183, 66. 43, 71, 75. 79, 81, 

89; habitants resident, 47, 263. Sorel, 49, 275. Terrebonne, 9, 

314. Three Rivers, 4, 261, 47, 265, 71, 87-91. Two Mountains, 

58,295. Vieuxpont, 63, 274. Vincennes, 70, 316. In France — 

in Anjou, 16, 15; Harenvilliers, 71, 51-53; La Troche, 16, 15; 

Manselmont, 43, 300; St Germain, 16, 15; Vaubegon, 11. 

Seigniorial rights and dues: 38, 209-211; cens et rentes^ 65, 

183, 271; òrenage, 71, 380; fealty and homage, 47, 271, 71, 67-69, 

73. 77-85; fief, 269-271; fishing, 77-79. 91; franc-fief, 67, 390; game, 

77; justice, 41, 245-247, 257. 47. a6i, 269-271, 71, 73-75. 79. 89-91 

{see also Justice) ; lods et ventes, 65, 185, 271, 71, 71, 85 ; mass said 

annually, 38, 209, 247; new purchase, 71, 67; nomination, 47, 267; 

obligation to avoid dnmkenness, 60, 89; pasnage, 71, 380; passage 

across land, 79; redemption and relief, 69; rent, 8, 309, 38, 211, 30, 

201, 65, 183; residence, 71, 77; seigniory, 41, 245, 47, 263-265, 269, 

317, 49, 278, 71, 73, 91, loi, 390; tournage, 380; vassal furnishes 

substitute, 67; waters within seigniory, 41, 245, 71, 91. 

Seigniorial tenure : imder trading companies, 4, 258; during 
French régime, 71, 65-95 ; seigniors compel sale of lands donated by 
concessionary, 43, 285: technical terms not translated, 390; books 
relating to, 301, 308-309. Titres seigneuriaux, cited, 4, 261. See 
also Feudal tenure, and Mortmain. 
Seine: marriage of, 17, 197-201; spirit or oki of. 199. See also 

Nets. 
Selwyn, A. R. C. : " Geol. L. Superior," 71, 344. 
Séminaire (Société) des Missions Étrangères (Seminary [society] of 
Foreign Missions): organization founded in Paris (1663), 45, 269, 
53, 261; work of, 261. Quebec seminary — founded (1663), i, 17, 
45, 269-271, 53, 47-51, 261; purpose of, 45, 269; united with, 269, 
53, 261; branch of, 261; directs Petit-Séminaire, 49; destroyed by 
fire (1705)» 45. 270; lands of, 37, 311, 43, 300, 71, 37, 79; boarders 
at, 45, 119, 49, 89; servant at, 45, 159; tithes for support of, 48, 
296; Joliet at, 50, 324; receives money for missionary, 66, 133; 
illegal sale of Illinois property, 71, 37-39; exempt from tithes, 
376; Briand's services to, 2!^% \ Journal des //suites heqaeaibed 
to, 37, 307; books relating to, 71, 261, 287, 302. Superiors of, 45, 
271. 47. 3^; priests of (seminarists), I, 17, 36, 34, 310, 43, 301, 
45, 119, 269. 271, 51, 87. 109, 149, 177, 60, 97, 63, 169, 64, 139. 278, 
65, 57-61. 83-85. 262-263, 265, 66, 37, 41, 131, 137, 339, 342, 69, 
149, 225, 70, 293; missions in Acadia, 1. 18; missions in Mississippi 
valley, 18, 36. 64. 278, 65, 59-^1, 83, 262-263, 265, 66, 37, 41, 137, 
339. 342. 69. 149. 223. 70, 293, 71, 37-39; in charge of lUinois mis- 



822 JESUIT RELATIONS [5einÌB«ri0S 

Séminaire (continued) — 
sions, 64, 278, 66, 339, 69, 149; sent to . Mississippi country, 65, 
83-85 ; abandon Mississippi missions, 262, 66, 41 ; missions among 
western Algonquians, 65, 262 ; minister to French in Illinois, 69, 
223. St Vallier embroiled with, 63, 301 ; relations with Jesuits, 
64, 278, 65. 59-61, 83-85. 262, 265, 66, 37, 133, 339, 68. 235. 69, 223; 
privileges of, at capitulation, 71. 394. 
Seminaries: for Indian children (5^^ Jesuits, «»</ Quebec: ecclesias- 
tical and educational) ; projected for Montreal. 33. 209. 
Seminarists, Ursuline. Ste Ursulines. 

Seminary of St Sulpice: at Paris — established (1641). I3. 273. 31, 
312; proprietors of Montreal, I3, 273; landgrants by, 273; priests 
sent to Montreal from, 53, 43. At Montreal — superior of, 31, 312, 
^7t 339 ; seigniory granted to, 58, 295 ; Lamberville with priests 
of, 69, 255; masses sent to. 71, iii; memoir relating to. 299. Ste 
also Sulpitians. 
Seminary. Ursuline. Quebec. See Ursulines. 

Seminoles. southern tribe: of Maskoki stock. 65, 268; compared to 
Iroquois, 1, 11.; seclusion of women at childbirth. 9. 309; descrip- 
tion, 71. 295. 
Senat, Antoine, Jesuit, 71, 136; arrives in Louisiana, 171, 73. 19; 
with Illinois, 68, 309; burned at stake (1736), 309-311, 328, 335, 
69. 29-31. 39. 70, 249, 71, 171; sketch, 171. 
Sendetsi. a Huron: murders his brother, 13. 11-17. 
Seneca Palls, N. Y., sporting dub at, 56, 301. 
Senécal, Joseph (Adrien), in Detroit trade, 70. 305. 
SiNKCAs (Eng., Senekas; Dutch, Sennecas, Sinnekens; Fr. and 
Huron, Entouhonorons, Sonnontouans, Sonontoerrhonons. Tson- 
nontbuans; local, Nan-do-wah-gaah. Nun-da- wa-o- no), tribe 
belonging to Iroquois league. 8. 298 ; origin, 293 ; minor confeder- 
acy, 293; last to consent to Iroquois league. 300; rank in leagfue. 
293, 300; historical sketch, 293-294; books, etc.. relating to, 71, 
293-294. 

Name: etymology, 8, 293; called ** people (nation) of the great 
hiU (mountain)," 293, 53, 195; upper Iroquois, 195. 

Location: near lakes Ontario and Erie, i, 11. 49. 259; near Neu- 
trals, 33, 65; with regard to French. 41. 229. 43, 99, 49, 141. 151, 
5^, 237, 66, 187 ; most western of Iroquois tribes, 61. 165 ; between 
New Prance and New England, 66, 187; on Alleghany River (1749), 
69; 296. Country of, called Sonnontouan, 40. 163; trail to, 41, 
255; burning spring near, 43, 326; spread east and west, 51; 293; 
country, described, 44, 21, 56, 49; villages, 8, 293, 302, 13, 270, 44, 
ai. 49» 259» 5Ï. «93. 57, 37. 61, 165, 66, 187; Huron village, 45, 243, 
57, 27; sites of villages, 51, 293. 



1] INDEX 328 



PopuitUéon : largest of Iroquois tribes, 40, 163, 41, 221, 43, 99, 
263, 44. 21, 45. 207, 49, 141, 151, 359' 53. 53. 54. 79. 55. 75. 6a, 163, 
63, 277; diminished by war, 41, iix, 43, 265; nations in, 265. 
Number — (1660), 45, 207; (1665), 4^. «59; (1670). 54. "7; (1672), 
56. 27; (1673). 57. 27; (1682), 6a. 163; Hurons among, 44, 21, 321, 
45. 243, 57, 27; divides into hunting and war parties, 54, 117. 

Language: differs from Huron, 33, 109; words and phrases, 8, 
293, 298. ai, 314. 40, 256. 69, 296. 

Triòal characteristics : sedentary, 1, 11; trading expeditions, 47, 
205 ; believe in dreams, 54, 97-103 ; barbarous, 55, 75 ; superstitious, 

56, 63, 58, 237; intemperate, 56, 63; licentious, 58, 237; insolent, 
59. 251; punish sorcerers, 6a, 99; attitude toward Christianity, 54, 
loi, 58, 237, 6j, 227. 

Relations with other tribes : compared with other Iroquois tribes. 
8, 293 ; join other Iroquois tribes for war, 33, 119; trade in caravans, 
47. 205. Algonkins — hostilities with, 29, 233 ; capture upper Algon- 
kins, 54, 263; send peace presents to upper Algonkins, 57, 23. 
Andastes — hostilities with, 38, 191, 47, iii, 48, 77-79, 56, 55-57, 
59, 251 ; desire French aid against, 49, 141. Cayugas, women take 
refuge with, 37, 97. Bries — attacked by, 41, 81, 217; kill envoys 
of, 4a, 177. Poxes, hostilities with, 54, 219-221. Hurons — make 
peace with, 13, 45 ; oppose peace with, 33, 125 ; hostilities with, 8, 
69, 115. 17. "I. »9. 233, 3^, 83-85, 119, 127; Hurons fear, ai. 209; 
compared with, a4, 271 ; lie in wait for envoys of, 33, 131 ; surrender 
to, 36, 14X, 44, 321 ; incited by, against Mohawks, 36, 143 ; cap- 
tured by, 41, 79; Huron captives among, 3a, 195; send envoys 
to, at Mackinac, 60, 211. Neutrals — name for, 8, 305; hos- 
tilities with, 305, ai, 314, 317. 37» 97f 38, 61-63; capture village 
of, ai, 317; treacherou^y massacre, 33, 81-83; Mohawks aid 
against, 38, 61-63. Onondagas— release hostage, 33, 165; 
with, 4a, 1 71, 185; return to own country from, 65, 25. Ottawas — 
hostilities with, 41, 79, 5J, 197, 53, ^55; treat for peace with, 64, 

27. 37. 
Relcgtions with whites: (a) French — peace proceedings with, 40, 

163, 41, 73. loi, 217, 223. 4a, 63, 71, 43, 99-Ï01. 49. 141, 50, 137. 64. 
Z43; French rescue, 41, 115. Dablon sends letter by, 41, 227; desire 
Jrauits, 43, 99-101, 281, 49, 141, 5a, 53; invite Jesuits to feast, 
4a, 71: ask for baptism, 58, 229, 233. Send envoys to French, 
4a, 63, 43. 99-101, 50, 137; attitude toward French, 41, 217, 49, 259, 

57. 27-29, 59, 251, 60, X85, 61, 21; have least intercourse of Iroquois, 
with, 55, 75; expeditions against, 60, 318, 63, 299, 303; villages of, 
destroyed by, 289, 64, 81; interpreter for Céloron, 69, 187; adopt 
Joncaire, 293. {b) Dutch — difficulties of trade with, 47, iii. See 
also Jesuits, Iroquois, and Sonnontouan. 



324 /ES UIT RELA TIONS 

Seneschal: officer in New Netherlands, 38, 113. Grand, of New 
France — office created for Lauson, fiis^ 36, 248-249 {see als0 
Lanson, Jean de, fils) ; officiai duties carried out by Le Vieux, 
249; jurisdiction of , 41, 247, 4a, 300. Of Quebec — attends church, 
43, 31 ; officers of, 324, 44, 33i- 

Senis, 65, 157, 175, 269. See Assenais. 

Senna: used by missionaries, 13, 115; Hospital nuns ask for, 49, 
205, 50, 161, 51, 113, 53, 107 ; used in medicine, 277. Of Mont- 
pelier — defined, 49, 277; Hospital nuns ask for, 207. Alexandrian 
(cassia acutifoita), cultivated in Nile valley, 49, 277. Of Tus- 
cany (cassia oòavaia)^ cultivated in Tuscany, 49, 277. 

Sennetaire, de, commandant at Fort Richelieu: returns to 

France, 27, 81. 

Senontouerhonons, 17, iii. 5^^ Senecas. 

Sens, French diocese, 51, 95. 

Serenade, given to Jesuits and bishop, 47, 273. 

Serge: black, nuns wear, 45, 117; Hospital nuns ask for, 53, 109. 

Sergeant, Rev. John, tutor at Yale: missionary to Stockbridges, 
a6, 315. 

Serigny (Scrigni), sieur de, 66, 115; title in Le Moine family, 341; 
commands "Salamandre," 77-79; Iberville's orders to, 89; in 
Louisiana, 341 ; governor of Rochefort, 341 ; death, 341. 

Serment du jeu paume ^ explanation, 5, 285. 

Séroutzians, , Jesuit, at Paris, 71, 25. 

Serpents (adders, snakes): in country to southwest, 47, 147; in 
Sag^enay region, 56, 155; black, in Mississippi country, 65, 163. 
In Indian folk-lore, 10, 195, I3, 27, 13, 193, 19, 97, 33, 213-217, 50, 
289, 71, 278; in general mythology, I3, 269-270; symbol of light- 
nii3g, 33, 215. Ointment made from, 13, 15; torture damned, 14, 
103; image of, as remedy, 167; as totem, 15, 181: demons take 
form of, 17, 153; superstitions concerning, 19, 97, 31, 247; foimd 
in animals, 33, 21 1-2 13, 39, 25; stones transformed into, 27; fiery, 
appear in sky, 48, 37; bears eat, 60, 153; as idols, 68, 125; 
medicine-men handle venomous, 153; bites, antidote for, 59, loi; 
skins, as sacrifice to manitou, 64, 187. 

Servants: desert masters, 38, 169. See alsç Engagés, and Jesuits: 
donnés. 

Servants of the Virgin, Congregation of, 41, 147. 

Services: bread made from, 64, 137, 278. See also Persimmons. 

Servière, François Marie, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 136; sketch, 174. 

Servin, , advocate-general of king in Parliament: sponsor in 

baptism, 3, 157. 

Sesibaourat (Sesibahoura), Algonquian chief, 56, 173. 

Settlement (in Louisiana), defined, 67, 283. 



q INDEX S26 

Sevestre, Catherine, daughter of Charles: marriage, 44, 321. 

Sevestre, Mme. Charles: gifts to Quebec parish church'. 4a, 285. 

Sevestre. Charles: arrives at Quebec, a8, 317; in religious proces- 
sion, 36, 129; debt to warehouse, 43, 73; Jesuits owe debt to, 73; 
seises wares of merchants, 75; death (1657), a8, 317, 43, 75; 
his daughters, a8, 317, 30, 304, 44, 321. 

Sevestre, Denise, daughter of Charles: marriage, a8, 203, 317. 

Sevestre, Marguerite, daughter of Charles: marriage, 30, 304. 

Sewall. Rufus K. : Ancùnt Dominions^ cited, i, 309, 66, 346, 67, 

336. 7i. 314. 

Sewan (seawant, zee-wand), Dutch name for wampum, 8, 312. 

Sexes, intercourse of, among Indians, 3, 297. See also Indians: 
marriage. 

Seyllon, Bernardino, Italian Cordelier priest: visits Quebec, 36, 145. 

Sesambre, French at, 4, 27. 

Shad, a fish, foimd in St. Lawrence, 9, 167, 48, 175. 

Shagreen, sycamore bark compared to, 69, 173. 

Shallops, IS, 133, 135, 183, 213, 217, 237, ail, «3, 41. SL 59. 61. «3, 
287, 30, 127, 175, 179. 3i. X71-175, 3^. 19. 85. 95. 101-105, 153-161, 
259. 263, 34» 49. 51. 331, 35. 41, 233. 36, 25, 27. 123, 127, 129, 137. 
143, 149» 37. loi, 107-117. 233. 38. 53. 57, 171. I93. 4». I97. 219, 4^. 253. 
255, 265. 43. 31. 35, 47-51. 59, 71, 75, 135. 139. 189-195, 207, 44, 105, 
III, 193, 201, 223, 45, 65, 95, 97, 105-109. 119. 157. 159. 197, 201, 46, 
179-183, 211, 213. 47. 171, 227, 229. 233, 281, 293. 303-309, 4^ 281, 
289, 49, 21, 23, 41, 177. 50. 67, 241. 51. 99. 53. 63, 69, 87, 91. 56. 
153, 155, <^. 81. 107, 109, 121, 125, 63, 165, 167, 179. 64. 45, 66, 91, 
93, 225; wrecked, 33, 279-281; Indians use. 24, 125, 35, 171, 191, 
a6, 129, a7, 213. ai8, 205, 38, 179-181, 47. 223-225; Montmagny 
equips, 34, 287; French lend to Algonkins. 35, 171; on St Law- 
rence, 37, 87, 247, a8, 185. 191, 227, 231 ; at Tadoussac. 201 ; Jesuits 
Imild, 39, 41-43; armed, 40, 107-109; Mohawks desire, 43. 189; 
French refuse, to Mohawks. 191; use sails, 45, 65; Souriquois 
buy, of French, 47, 223-225. See also Boats, and Ships. 

Shane, J. G. : scrap-book compiled by, 71, 322. See also Draper, 
L. C. 

Shapleigh (Chapellier: Fr. phonetic rendering), Nicholas, official at 
Agamenticus, 36, 97, 243. 

Shark (carckartnus glaucus): appellations of, 68, 85, 326; con- 
founded with seal, 85 ; described, 85 ; uses of skin, 85. See also 
Dog-fish. 

Shawnees (Shawanees, Chaouanons, Ontouagannha, Touagaimha), 
Algonquian tribe: Shea regards, as Bries. 59, 312; historical 
sketch, 47, 3x6; articles relating to, 71, 269, 290, 292. Names, 
origin and meaning, 47, 145, 59, 312, 61, 272. Location — migra^ 



826 JESUIT RELA TIONS [SIM 

Shawnees (continued) — 
ticms, 47, 316; at St Xavier des Prés (1673), 58, 75; cm Tennessee 
River (1700), 65, 107; at Logstown {ca, 1730; 1749). 69, 297, 299; 
Chartier' s band removed to Vermilion River (1745), 297; on Ohio 
River (1749), III; at Scioto (174g), 183, 298-299; villages of, 
89> 145. 69, 183, 297, 299. Population, 59, 145; Taogrias, a band 
of, 65, 266. Language — speak corrupt dialect, 47, 145 ; compared 
with other Algonquian' dialects, 316; Taogrias speak, 65, 115. 
Characteristics — sedentary, 37, 261; not warlike, 59, 145; mix root 
with tobacco, 63, 291. Relations with other tribes — Iroquois, cap- 
tives among, 45, 207, 56, 63, 63, 275 ; hostilities with, 47, 145-149, 
53, 49. 54. "5-II7. 59, US; tortured by, 145; flee from, 6a, 209. 
Relations with whites — trade with Etiropeans, 54, 189. Céloron 
at village of, 69, 171, 179; hold council with French, 181-183; 
hostile to French, 179; use firearms, 179. See also Jesuits: mis- 
sions: Mascoutens; and Tecumseh. 
Shsa, John Gilmary (Jean Marie): historian of Jesuits» I, 24; editor 
of U, S, Cat A. Hist, Mag,, 64, 270; writes about Relations, i, 42; 
editor, translator, and publisher of Jesuitica, etc, 42-44, 38, 
306, 308, 313, 36, 233, 239-240, 247, 51, 290, 57, 310-311. 317, 59, 
294, 61, 271, 63, 295, 64, 270-271, 65, 258, 271, 67, 342. 71, 234- 
235, 239» 243, 247. 251, 256-257. 26o-«6i, 330, 7a, 9; criticised, 57, 
310-31 1 ; reproduces Marquette's map, 59, 295; his reprints from 
Cramoisy series of, in present series, 71, 404. 
Writings : cited, 5, 280, Ji, 319, a8, 305, 308, 313, 36, Ì39, 59, 
299, 302, 64, 276, 65, 266, 70, 311, 71, 235. "Hist Tionontates," 
cited, 5, 279, 71, 294. ** Andastes," cited, 8, 301. '* Jes. Estates," 
cited, 71, 241, 393. "Jes., Reool., and Indians," 71, 243. ''Ind. 
Tribes of Wisconsin," 71, 292. ** Dongan's Charter," 71, 317. 
** Capuchins in Louisiana," 71, 326. " Span. Miss, on Rappahan- 
nock," 71, 326. Cath, Miss., cited, 1, 42, 318, 71, 121, 241, 28^-289. 
Charlevoix, cited, i, 313. 319, J, 299, 306, 3, 297, 7". 247. 
Cramoisy series, I, ix, 41-42, 44, ^8, 307, 36. 233-«40, 247. 57, 309- 
3", 59. 299. 301-303, 61, 267, 63. 295, 299, 301, 64, 270, 272, 65, 255- 
257, 66, 334. 7>, 227-228, 234-235. 243, 250, 257, 260-261. Le Clercq, 
cited, a. 306, 5, 281. Jogues, cited, 8, 300, 9, 314, 71, 239. Disc, 
Miss, Valley, cited, 15. 247, 59. 295, 297. 307-309. 3"-3i2, 314-315* 
60, 311, 63. 300, 302, 71, 261-262. Cath, Church in Col, Days, 
cited, 30, 305, 64, 278, 280, 65, 26^-264, 66, 339, 342, 34^347. 67, 
341* 68, 334, 70, 317. 71, 241, 381. Recueil de Pièces, cited, 36, 
239-440. Ancient Florida, cited, 59, 313. Miss, Voyages, cited, 
Ó4, 278, 65, 258, 66, 338, 71, 256. Hennepin's Louisiana, 71, 251. 
Two Jes. MSS,, 71, 241. J/ist, Mag,, 71, 330. 
Sheaths, in Jesuit invoice, 66, 27. 



5Up0] INDEX 327 

Sheaves, seven, to minot, 70, 5$. 

Sheep: sent to Canada, 50, 179; in Canada, 343, 247, 51, 173, 69, 
89-^3; on English ships, 66, 199; carried by French expedition, 

70. 145. 

Sheepscot: early name of Newcastle, Me., 67, 334; history, 71, 313. 

Sheepscot, John, Abenaki chief, 67, 334. See also Waourene. 

Sheets: Jesuits not supplied with, 18, 17; as presents, a8, 243; 
Hospital nuns ask for, 49, 207, 50, 161, 51, 111-113, 5a, 109. 

Sheldon, George: " Ind. Attack on Hadley," 71, 314. 

Shell-fish: species of, i, 308: Abenakis gather, 67, 219; in Natches 
belief, 68, 131. 

Shells: as ornaments, 1, 281, a, 294; as currency, 8, 312-313; mate- 
rial for arrowheads, 15, 245; as presents, 33, 243; wampum made 
of, 38, 271, 283, 46, 301 ; used in tortures, 39, 19, 195 ; buried with 
dead, 265; used as dishes, 54, 207; lime made of, 69, 213; shell- 
heaps, 213 ; aboriginal art in, 71, 285. See also Beads, Porcelain, 
and Wampvun. 

Shenango. See Logstown. 

Shepard, Thomas, founder of Hartford, Conn., 36, 243. 

Sherbrooke, Sir John Cope, governor of Canada, «7, 307. 

Shields: Indians use, i, 271, 5, 95, la, 201, aa, 279, 33, 213, 24, 205, 
37. 299, 38, 59, 59, 151; materials made of, i, 271, 5, 95, 60, 161; 
how used, I, 271, 5, 95-97, 299 ; raised as sign of war, 30, 165. 

Shipbuilding: materials for, in Canada, 9, 167-169; Talon promotes, 
in Canada, 50, 243, 55, 322; in Canada, 237, 60, m — encouraged 
by French kings, 55, 322; La Salle's plans for, 57, 316; timber 
suitable for, to be preserved, 71, 77-79. 

Ships: 34. 131, 145, a8, 221, 39, 89, 169, 37, 79» 47. i57. 64, I55. 68, 
79; captured by pirates, 4, 265, 36, 97; size of pirate fleets, 4, 
265; derelict abandoned by pirates, 8, 61 ; in Hudson Bay, 56, 157; 
value of fishing vessel, 36, 97 ; articles used as ballast, 37, 83. 
French : of early voyagers, 3, 291-292 ; first Jesuits in New Prance, 

embark on Biencourt's, 1, 145; English capture, 227, 318, 4, 31, 

36, 97, 40, 79-83, 193. <^4, "9. 147» 70, 314, 7it 21, 144, 163; restored 
to Mme. de Guercheville, 4, 79; of Hundred Associates, 8, 288, 
30g; attacked by Iroquois, la, 205, 3a, 39; Jesuit writes letters on 
board of, la, 231-233; arrival of, delayed, 16, 5i-53i 129, 29, 35, 
235, 36, 161; of Canadian fleet, 18, 65-75. 345; nuns embark in, 
for Canada, 67. Wrecks — near French coast, 18, 67; vice-admiral's, 
escapes, 69; on St Lawrence, 19, 61-65, a8, 245-247, 35, 233, 36, 
X47f 49* 169-171, 50, 205; caused by explosion, 3a, 39; at sea, ao, 
121, 34. 59. 348. 35» 51» 64, 125; near Grand Bank, 34, 229-235; 
nearOaspé, 49, 177; caused by brandy, 65, 193; near Cape Breton 
Island, 69, 235, 71, 168; at Quebec, 69, 237, 305, 71, 313. Rumors 



828 JESUIT RELA TIONS [SMpê 

Ships: French (continued) — 

concerning provision fleet, aa, 39; in fisheries, 38, 37, 47, aai, 60. 
Ill, 117-119; liquor carried on, aç, 81, 33, 69; surgeons on, 30, 
131, 60, 109; sickness infrequent on, 33, 133; sickness on, 133, 243, 

45, 117, 68, 229-231, 69, 47, 285; news brought by, 36, 127, 67, 
203; of Mme. D*Aulnay, captures frigate, 36, 131; late in depart- 
ing from Quebec, 37, 81; voyages in, described, 81-85, 60, 107- 
123, 68, 225-'23i ; plundered in French harbor, 37, 85 ; of war, p€Ùn 
bénit distributed on, 265; Indians meet at Tadoussac, 38, 231; 
dangers of voyages in, 39, 153; value of cargoes in, 40, 81; ton- 
nage, 46, 151-153; supplies sent on, 47,273; crews of, rescued, 34, 
229-231, 49, 177; in Tracy's expedition, 217, 221-225; built by 
La Salle and Tonti, 57, 316, 63, 304; war, conduct convo3rs, 109; 
collision, 123; pupils of Jesuits on, 64, 139; chaplain chosen for, 
147; wind favorable for, on St Lawrence, 66, 195; quarrels on, 68, 
227; Indians unload, 69, loi; Jesuits embark for Spain on, 70, 
291-295. Officers of, 4, 27. 8, 288, 37, 85-87, a8, 23, 223. 35, 51. 

36, 137-139. 147. 68, 231, 70, 223; at Acadian ports, 4, 27-29; at 
Quebec, 8. 47, 13. 19» 25. 18, 75. 34. 59-6i. 35. 51-55. 237, 36, 139- 
147, 161, 37. 105, 115-117. 137-139. 145-147. 45. Ill; on St 
Lawrence, 9, 161, la. 231-233, aa, 205, 36, 123, 127, 139, 145-149. 
39. 37. 40, 245. 46, 151- 153. 50. 193, 64. 53, 69, 133; at Cap 
Rouge, II, 272; at Havre (Havre de Grace), 18, 71, 36, 33; at 
Tadoussac, 18, 75, ai, 81, 93, 97-99. io7, *3, 287, a4, 127, I43-I45, 
a6, 115, 137-139. 31, 247, 3«. 99-101. 33. 35. 3^. 231, 47. 293, 69. 
101-103; at Miscou, a6, 123, 3a. 35; at Isle Percée, 30, 139; at Isle 
aux Coudres, 47, 305-309; at Moulin Baude, 49, 163; at Gaspé, 
50, 209; on Saguenay, 64, 53, 68, 33, 69, 129; at Hudson Bay, 64, 
119, 66, 67, 71, 87, 119; in Louisiana, 65, 167, 171, 67, 273-275, 281. 
69, 205, 213; on Mississippi, 68, 187; arrival in, and departure from, 
Canada, ii, 185, la, 183, 225, 229, 235, M, 203, 215, 243, 15. 151. 
219, 16, 51-53. "I. 129. 217, 18, 75, ao, 213, ai, 275, aa, 39, a3, 
237, 287, 307, 319. ^4. loi, 143, 191, 223, as, 161, 223, 243, a6, 167, 
a7, 77. 81. 85-87, 93, a8, 199, 231-241, 277, 30, 157, 181, 189, 195, 
3«. 165. 3a, loi, 105, 135, 249, 34, 41, 57-59. 36, 137-139. 145-147. 

37, 81, 115, 39. 49. 4^. 31, 45. 3i, 99. 107, in, 117, 159, 163-165, 

46, 183, 187, 241, 47, 67. 115, 273. 283-285. 289-293, 305-307. 49. 
149, 161-163, 167, 50, 81-83, 173. 195-201, 205, 213, 217, 247, 5>. 105- 
107, 5«. 43. 53. 60, 123. 66, 183, 217, 68, 229, 69, 35, 151. 233. 

Of other countries: {à) English — fleet of western p<M:ts, 4, 265; 
captures Dutch, 18, 71 ; French crew saved by, 34, 229-235 ; letter 
sent on, 36, 93; at Quebec, 47, 307; at Hudson Bay, 63, 285, 66, 
67, 105; hostile, on expedition against Quebec, 64, 41-45, 53, 66, 
191, 195; wrecked in St Lawrence, 197-201, 345; attack Port 
Royal, 343; on Mississippi, 65, 171. (b) Dutch — captured by 



SliOM] INDEX 329 

English, i8, 71; pltmdered in English harbor, 35, 73; on Hndson 
River, aS, 105-107, xii, 31, 93; ply between New Amsterdam 
and Holland, 99; Jogues on, 99; tonnage, 99; at New Amsterdam, 
57, 25-37 ; French ships, escape capture by, 60, 107. (r ) Swedish (?) 
— on Delaware River, 33, 135. {d) Basque — near Newfoundland, 
5, 277 ; trading and fishing, on St Lawrence, 27, 147, a8, 219. 

Names: Admiral, 3a, loi. Aigle, 49, 163, 167. Alexandre, 68, 
187. Ange Gabriel, 30, 195. Anglois, 34, 59. Bresé, 49, 217, 921- 
225. Capitanesse, 4, 31, 53. Cardinal, 34, 59. Chameau, 69, 235, 
71, 168. Charante, 68, 231. Chasseur, 35, 55. Dauphine, 3, 292. 
Due de Bourbon, 68, 187. Espérance en Dieu, 8, 288. Fortune 
Blanche, 50, 201. Gironde, 67, 273. Glorieux, 64, 53. Grace de 
Dieu, I, 145. GrìjB&n (Griffon), 57, 316, 63, 304. Henry, 7a, 18. 
Heros, 66, 183, 195-197, 201. Indien, 66, 137-139. Jardin de Hollande, 
50, 83. Jonas, I, 227, 318, 4, 31. Judith. 3, 294. La Justice, 49, 
167, 50, 83. La Paix, 49, 167. La Pensée, 3, 291. La Vierge, 36, 
145-147, 37, 85-87. Le Charroy, 49, 177. L'Orignal. 69, 237, 305, 
71, 313. Minerve, 70, 291-295. Moulin d'or, 50, 201-203. Nœuf, 
34, 59, 248. Notre Dame, 30, 195, 3a, 105, 34. 61. Nouvelle France. 
50,211-213. Oranger, 50, 21 1-213. Paon, 50, 193, 203. Passemoy, 37, 
115-1x7. Poli, 66, 77-79, 87-91, 95-97, 103-105, 115. Pontchartrain, 
66, 201. Prophète Elie. 50, 215. Renommée, 66, 125, 137. Ruby, 
68, 225, 229-231. St André, 45, m. Ste. Anne, 36, 123, 127, 
X39, 147- Ste. Catherine, 50, 195, 215- St. Etienne. 69, 129. St. 
François, 69, 133. St Jacques, 8, 47, 18, 75. St Jean, 36, 127, 
137-139, 50, X95, 203. St Joseph. a8, 23, 36, 123, 139, 145-149, 50. 
195, 203, 64, 147. St Louys, 50, 215. Sainte-Marie, 11, 272, la, 231- 
233. St Philippe, 50, 213. St. Sauveur, 3a, 105. St Sebastien, 
49, 167, 177, 50, 83, 213-215. St Xavier, 64, 53. Salamandre, 66, 
77-79, 87-91, 95. Teron, 49, 217. Toulouse, 73, 18. Treasurer, a, 309. 
Shirts: Dutch send, to French captives, ai, 33; Indian method of 
wearing, 44, 293-295 ; Hospital ntms ask for, 49, 209, 50, 161, 53, 
109; given to Indian, 60, 49; hempen, in Jesuit invoice, 66, 27; 
trade, in Jesuit invoice, 31 ; as payment for masses, 137; as pres- 
ents, 67, 59; Natches demand, as ransom, 68, 191; various trans- 
actions in, at Detroit mission, 69, 245, 257, 261, 70. 65; made at 
Detroit mission, for trade, 51 ; prices, 23, 27. 
Shoals: of Oneida River, 41, 125; granted with lands, 71, 91. 
Shoemakers, at Quebec, 3a, 91. 

Shoes: made from skins, 3, 75, 5, 127, 70, 43. Indian — how made, 
5, 127; compared to European shoes, 127, 44, 293; made by 
women, 34, 179; eaten, during famine, a8, 27; as New- Year's 
gifts, 30, 153* 35, 31 ; see also Moccasins. Bread exchanged for, 
37, III; Talon promotes manufacture of, in Canada, 51, 173; of 
acddiers, 65, 25; in Jesuit invoice, 66, 27, 133. 



880 JESUIT RELA TIONS [SImmpo's iMmÊkmg 

Shore's Landing, Wis., site of Alloues's chapel near, 5J, 263. 

Short, Richard, artist, 50, facing 188. 

Short robe, term applied to military, a, 159, 297. 

Shoshonean family, tribes in, 68, 329. 

Shoshones (Snakes), western tribe: called Paduca, 68, 329; loca- 
tion, 329. 

Shot See Ammtmition. 

Shrouds, Hospital nuns ask for, 49, 209. 

Shrovetide, gifts at, 3a, 75. 

Shute, Samuel, Col., governor of Boston, 67, 55, 59; indorses letters, 
61, 65. Abenakis send message to, 67, 63; sends Baxter among, 
97; proposes council to, with English, 103, 107; confers with, 197- 
203, 205-207; Abenakis write to, 334. Liberates St Castin, 67, 
111-113; letter, cited, 61, 65. 

Siam, drug obtained in, 49, 276; Montigny leaves America for, 

65. 143. 
Siberia, Dutch explorations near, 3, 299. 

Sibbel, Joseph, sculptor of Tegakwita statue, 71, 210. 

Siboure, ships of, in fisheries, 5, 276. 

Sibyls, medicine-men compared to, 39, 21. 

Sicard, Geneviève, marriage, 70, 307. 

Sicaud, , priest in France, 66, 139. 

Sicicouet (Chichikoué, Cicikwan): Indian drum or rattle, 68, 155, 

327; medicine-men use, 155; envoys use, 159. 
" Sicilian Vespers: " origin of name, 70, 317; massacre of French 

in Sicily (1282), 317; Natches massacre compared to, 247. 
Sickle: French use, 33, 47. 
Sicoine (Cicoigne, Sicoigne, Sigogne), — — de. governor of Dieppe, 

I. 143, a, 215, 3, 173- 

Sicoine, Mme. de, sponsor in baptism, i, ixi, 314. 

Sidon, plague carried from, to Marseilles, 68, 325. 

Signals, by smoke, 3, 267. 

Signorius, Ludovicus, vicar: approves Bressani's book, 38, 215. 

Signs, language of: among Indians, 7, 87, 3a, 143, 149, 173; works 

on, 71, 272-273. 
Sigogne. 5^/ Sicoine. 

Sikwas C' birch-bark "), Indian name, 39, 213. 
Silk: made at Toius, 16, 255; in Jesuit invoice, 66, 27; chapel 

adorned with, 67, 87, 217-219. Cocoons sptm on willows, 65, 177. 
Sillery. 5>^ Jesuits: mission colonies. 
Sillery, Nicolas Brulard, marquis de, brother of Noël: chancellor of 

France and Navarre, 14, 287; interest in Canada, 287. 
Sillery, Noël Brulard (Brulart), chevalier de: in Malta, 14, 286; 

offices, 286: .embraces religious life (1625), 286-287; ordained 



Siaceailm] INDEX 881 

(1634), 387; interest in Canadian missions, 287; founds and 
endows Sillery mission, i, 19, 14, frontispiece, 8, 127, 181, 205, 
209, 215, 225, 287, I5> 333. >6. 75. 258, ao, 309, aa, 307, 34, 
loi, 38, 317, 34, 8, 24, 38, 231, 71, 210-211; other benefac- 
tions, 14, 287; Indian named for, 16, 89; death {1640), 14, 287, 
a I, 109; services held for, at Sillery, 109; biography, 14, 286-287, 

7i. 332- 

Silurian age, geological period, 60, 320. 

Silver: in Acadia, 3, 69, 295-296; in Quebec, 8, 289, 63, 291; con- 
tained in mineral, analysed at Paris, 289; in Illinois, 69, 223; 
bracelets of, 70, 97, 149. See also Mines and minerals. 

Silvester, Papirius, bishop of Macerata, 38, 2x5* 

Silvy (Silvie, Sylvi, Sylvy), Antoine, Jesuit, 71, 136; arrives in 
Canada (1673), 59i 3^6. In Ottawa missions (1674-78), 59, 69, 221, 
306, 60, 318, 66, 21s; with Winnebagoes, 15, 248; with Mascoutens 
and Foxes, 61, 73, 155. At Tadoussac (1678), 59, 306, 61, 157; at 
Hudson Bay, 58, 296, 59, 306-307, 64, 119, 66, 77, 215; aids Iber- 
ville, 59, 306; with northern Algonkins, 6a, 221; with Mistassins, 
223 ; sufiEers from snow blindness, 65, 47 ; at Quebec, 59, 307, 64, 
119, 66, 215; death (1711), 59. 307i 66, 215; piety, 215-217; sketch, 
59» 306-307, 71, 153. Writings — extract of letter (1676), 60, 7, 19, 
207-209, 71, 199; in Montagnais MS., 228, 379-380. 

Simard, Marguerite, marriage, 70, 307. 

Simeon, Abenaki convert: cured by baptism, 38, 21. 

Simeon, servant of Jesuits: at Sillery, a7, 83; at Quebec, a8, 169. 

Simon, an interpreter: at St Sauveur, a, 281, 3, 269, 4, 93. 

Simon, , priest: Xavier writes to, 10, 109. 

Simon, Master, miner with Champlain, 4, 295. 

Simon, Charles, Jesuit, 71, 136; arrives in Canada (1662), 47, 293, 
299, 307, 319; illness, 293; officiates, 295, 299; at Three Rivers, 303; 
returns to France (1663), 307, 319; death (1697), 319; sketch, 319, 
71, 149; writes acootmt of earthquake of 1663, 47, 319, 48, 183, 71, 
194; extracts from letters, 48, 221-223. Relatio Terramotus^ 48, 
13-14, 181-223, 292. 

Simon. F., Récollet: at Medoktek, i, 15. 

Simony, —, procuror in parliament, a, 161. 

Simony, Mme. , sponsor in baptism, a, 161. 

Simony, Marguerite, sponsor in baptism, a, 161. 

Simples: of sorcerer, 4a, 175; found on Richelieu Islar.ds, 48, 165. 
See also Drugs; and Indians: sickness and remedies. 

Sinagaux (Sinagfaux Outaouaks, Sinagos), Ottawa dan : speak Algon- 
quian dialect, 50. 21; Siotix defeat, 51, 289; tmfavorable to Chris- 
tianity, 54, 171. See also Ottawas. 

Sincembre. See Sesambre. 



«82 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ótidUoto 

Siohioto (St Yotoc, Scioto), Shawnee village, 69, 171, 177-181; popu- 
lation, 183; tribes at, 398-299; English at, 171, 183; Céloran at, 
181-X83. 
Sinnekens, Dutch appellation of Senecas, q.v. 
Sioiian stock. See Indians: anthropology and ethnology. 
Sioux (Scioux, Nadouessi, Nadouchiouek, Nadouesioux, Nadwesse- 
ronons), principal Siouan tribe: identified, 4a, 296; Algonquian 
name, 33, 326; application of name, 326; called " Iroquois of the 
West," 54, 191, 55, 169, 56, 115; Sioux of the Prairie, 68, 299, 313. 
Location : in upper Mississippi and Missouri regions, i, 32, ^3, 326, 
51* 33> 55i 169, 65, 173, 187; near Lake Michigan (1640), 18,231; 
direction and distance from Sault de Ste. Marie (1642), 23, 225 ; near 
Winnebagoes (1656), 4a, 221 ; direction and distance from St Michel 
(1658), 44, 247-249, 325-; southwest of Lake Superior (1659, 1670), a8, 
320, 54, 191; beyond Illinois (1671), 55, 97. Country — villages and 
population, 43. 296. 45> 163, 237. 46, 69. 54, 167, 55. 97, 169. 58. 257; 
tribes of, 45, 163, 47, 316; extent of territory, 55, 209; Du Luth 
explores, 6a, 274; copper mines in, 66, 338. 

Language: differs from Algonquian and Huron, a3, 227, 54, 191, 
55» 171, 56, X17; resembles Algonquian, 46, 69; distinct language, 
51, 53; Pierson speaks, 6a, 195; Assiniboines speak, 66, 107. 

Tribal characteristics ^ etc, : described, 51, 53, 54, 191-193, 55, 97, 
169-171, 58, 257, 71, 244, 250; practice polygamy, 45, 237; punish- 
ment for adultery. 237; warlike, 49, 241. 50, 279, 51, 53, 55, 97, 169. 
58, 257: their weapons, 50, 279, 51, 53, 55. 169, 58, 257; seden- 
tary, 51, 53; cultivate tobacco, 53; gather wild rice, 53. 54, 193, 55, 
169; method of building cabins, 51, 53; compared to Iroquois. 54, 19X, 
55. 169, 56, 115; adore calumet, 54. 193; at feasts, 193; use canoes, 
193; integrity. 193; do not raise food. 55, 169; magnanimous, 17)1; 
practice idolatry, 57, 277; berdashe among, 59. 129, 310; methods of 
execution, 61, 137, 269; cruelty, 66, 289; mythology and religion, 
71, 276-278. 

Relations with other tribes : hostile to neighbors (Algonquian), 
33. 326. 5«. 53. 54. 217. 55. 97. 167-169. 57, 203. 207-209, 221, 275. 
279. 58, 257, 285; feared at Lake Winnebago, 54, 217; massacred, 
58, 255-263. Crées — hostilities with, a3, 225, 68, 299. Poxes — war 
with, 54, 223, 58, 49, 65-67; defeated by, 53; defeat. 60. 199. 
Hurons— hostilities with, i, 33-34. 46, 143. 54. 167, 56, 115, 60, 211; 
feared by, 55, 319. Illinois — hostilities with, 33.225, 51,47,66, 
289-291; peace with, 54. 191. Kickapoos — hostilities with, 54, 308. 
Mascoutens — hostilities with, 54, 229, 55, 203. Menomonees — hostili- 
ties with, 58, 277. Miamis — hostilities with, 55, 203. Ottawas — 
hostilities with, 49, 241. 249, 50, 279. 55. I33. 56, xi5, 57. 203, 275. 
60, 203. Pottawattomies — feared by, 59, 165. Sauteurs— send 
envoys to, 58, 257. Sinagaux — defeat, 51, 289. 



] INDEX 888 

Relations with wkitts: (a) Trade with Europeans, 45, 223. (Ò) 
French— Radisson and Groseilliers with (1659), 38, 320; allied with, 
46, 69. Drive Marquette from Chequamegon Point, 50, 322; desire 
Jesuits, 54, 167; mission to, 65, 187, 66, 31, 39; kill Aulneau, 68, 
313. 317, 331. ^. 39» 70. 251, 7". 171. Sioux fear. 54, 191-193; 
hostile to, 58, 289, 59, 211; attack and murder, 68, 317» 33x> 7^, 251; 
defeated by, 69, 39; sue for peace with, 39. Country explored by, 
6a, 274 ; question of trading post among, 65, 227. 

See also Indians: stocks. 
Sirême (Syresme), Jacques, Jesuit, 71, 136; sketch, 165. 
Sirens, genii cpmpared to, 54, 157. 
Sirius, calculation of comet relative to, 50, 71. 
Sismondi, Jean Charles Léonard Simonde de, Swiss historian and 

political economist: Hist, des Français ^ cited, 70, 3x5, 71, 298. 
Sisters of the Congregation: educate Algonkin girls, 5J, 261. 
Sisters of Mercy, 7, 287-489, ao, 125. See also Hospital nuns. 
Sit See Cid, and Drama. 
Sitimachas. See Chetimachas. 
Sitteoti (Otsote, Sauthois, Southouis, Sitteou, Sittèoui Akansea, 

U-sâ-ti-à-hi), Arkansas tribe: identified, 67, 339; still in existence, 

65, 266; location and population, 125; village, 67, 31^-321; Du 

Poisson with, 249-251. 
Sixtus III., pope: consecrates church of St. Mary Major, a8, 318. 
Skandahietsi, Louis, Huron, pretended ambassador: treachery and 

punishment, 35, 47-49, 219-221. 
Skandegorthaksen, Martin, Iroquois convert: piety, 59, 257-269, 63, 

197; death, 59, 257. 63. 189. 
Skannehokwie, a Loup: naturalised Iroquois, 64, 81. 
Skannud-Haroi, Geneviève. See Tous-les-Saints. 
Skaouendes, Marie Magdelaine, Iroquois convert: baptized, 54, 277; 

piety, 379-281. 
Sken*chio,e, probable Neutral village: Neutrals winter at, 38, 181, 

294. See also Skenchiohronon. 
Skenchiohronon, Huron appellation of Neutrals, 18, 235, 38, 294; 

location, 8, 302. See also Neutrals. 
Skenontons, Huron word for deer, 57, 299, 319; hunted, 299. 
Skia.é, a waterfall: Huron name of Sault de Ste. Marie, 38, i8x. 294; 

Indians assemble near, 181. See also Sault de Ste. Marie. 
Skidi (Panismahas), Pawnee tribe: identified, 69, 301; location, 

225, 301; population, 229;' customs, 225-227; attitude toward Chris^ 

tianity, 225--227 ; French trade with, 225-229. 
Skins: as covering for cabins, i, 257, a, 79, 3, 77, 45, 239; as door for 

cabins, aa, 233. As clothing, i, 281, 3, 75. 5, 25, 6, 25, 7, 13-17, 

9. 173-179. >7. 39. 35, 27. 39, 211-213, 59. SL 59; shoes made of, 5, 



S84 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Skot 

Skins (continued) — 

127, 9, 175. Eaten, in time of famine, a, x8i, 38, 27, 58» 63; 

tobacco-pouches made of, 5, 131; dead wrapped in, 6, 129, 8, 259; 

as present, 10, 249; quivers made of, 15, 246; Indians dress, 37, 

41, 71, 286; robes made of, 38, 245; as offerings to manitou, 58, 

63, 59> 103, 64, 187, 67, i8g. S€€ also F^ trade, and Pelts. 
Skot. S^e Scot. 

Skotache, Mme. — — , dealings with Detroit mission, 70, 23. 
Skouatenhré, Caterine, Huron convert: piety and death, 41, 105-107. 
Skullcap, made for priest, 3a, 67. 

Sktmk (mephitis mephitica ; bête puante, enfant du diable): appel- 
lations, 38, 241, 67, 305, 344; described, 6, 315, 38, 241, 67, 303- 

305; in Louisiana, 305. 
Sky: invoked by Indians, 10, 159. 161-165, 273, «3, 55, 33, 225, 39. 

15» 46. 43, 65, 131, 68, 155; deity resides in, 10, 195; ruler of, 323; 

in Indian folk-lore, la, 33-35; Indians revere, 18, 211; "he who is 

in the," Indian appellation for God, a7, 249; place of fire» 30, 31; 

punishes traitors. 33, 225; created by genie, 227; "maker of," 

invoked, 39, 15; progenitors of birds dwell in, 15. 
Slafter, EdmtmdF., editor: Prince Soc. Ckamplain, cited, i, 307, 310, 

4. 258, 5, 288, 291, 13, 271, a7. 315. 41, 258, 71, 246, 337. Researches 

regarding Norumbega^ 71, 314. 
Slate: in Acadia, 3, 69; near Lake Greorge, 51, 185; in Illinois, 60, 

163. Material for arrowheads, 15, 245; imported from France, 

48, 237. 
Slavery: abolished in upper Canada (1793), 69, 301; last public 

slave sale at Montreal (1797), 301 ; in lower Canada, 301 ; books and 

articles relating to, 301, 71, 306, 319. 

Indian : name known by, 69, 301 ; children sold into, in time of 
famine, 15, 157; temporary, resulting from loss in gambling, 16, 
201; method of securing, 59, 309, 69, 301. Eskimos held as, on 
St. Lawrence, a, 293-294, 30, 133 ; among Ixxxiuois, a, 298, la. 273, 
a8, 297, 31. 71, 81, 34, "7. 135. 35. «55. 39. 63, 183, 189-191, 203- 
205, 219, 227-229, 43. 293-295, 47. 145. 195. 48. 171. 49. 103, 5a, 
173. 53. 53. 147, 54, 93-95. 55. 30i, 56, 51. 57, 85. 5^. 235. 59. 309. 61, 
195-199. <^2. 63, 67, 79-81. 89. 93. 99. 103. 63, 151. 275. 64, 127, 133, 
145, 68, 277-279, 69, 59; among Souriquois, 30, 133; among Otta- 
was, 54, 177, 191; among Illinois, 191, 237, 59, 121. 127, 309.^^. 
213, 64, 221, 66, 263, 67, 171, 68, 205; among Pottawattomies, 54, 
219; among Amikoués, 56, 93; among Sioux, 58, 261; among 
Humas, 65, 151; among northern tribes, 66, 105; among Natches, 

68, 149, 169, 175, X99. 

Indian^ among French: authorised (1709), 69, 301; Bienville 
possesses, 67, 299; in Illinois, 69, 145, 301, 70, 233; in Louisiana, 

69, 211, 301; in Canada, 301. 



SnitliMmiui] INDEX 385 

African : origrin in Louisiana, 67, 343 ; in lower Mississippi valley, 

259. *67, 281-383, 303. 343. 68, 167-173. M3» 328. <^9. 3i. 21Ï. 7©. 

34S-24Q, 265, 316; in Illinois, 69, 145, 203, aig, 70, 233-235, 279. 3i7. 

5^/ a/j^ Negroes. 

Slawaks, Indian tribe, 46, 143. 

Sledges (sleds), 18, 147; l)pw made, 7, 109; Jestiits use, 18, 149; 
Indians use, 209, ao, 247, «3, 315, 34, 177-179. *5, 167, «7, 205, 
209, 31, 145. 149, 153, 3a, 71, 37, 189; French use, a8, 155. 163, 39. 
25; at hospital, 3a, 71-73; dog, Indians use, 64, 253; chain for, 

70, 51 ; made at Detroit mission, 53, 67-Ó9. Set also Train. 
Sleeves, fur, used by Indians, 7, 15, 38, 247. 

Slings, used by French children, 13, 79-81. 

Slippers: in Jesuit invoice, 66, 27; at Detroit mission, 69, 261. 

Sluices, Indians construct, for catching fish, 43, 261. See also 
Weirs. 

Sluyter, Peter: Voyage N. York, cited, I3, 271, 71, 248. 

Smallpox: Indian remedies for, ao, 29-31; Indians suffer from, i, 25, 
7, 287, 8, 89, 207. 9. 307, 14, 287, 15, 237, 16, loi, 18, 189-191, 19. 
15. 79» 87-91. 171, 185. 197. 207. 211, 223, 227. 233, 245, JO, 29, ai, 
181, 3J, 253, 47, 193, 205, 48, 79. 83, 50, 63, 53. 6i. 69-75. 79-81, 
93-95. 123-125, 56. 155, 6j, 145, 63. 205, 66, 247-249» 7". 291; at 
Three Rivers, 16, 53-55; at Sillery, 99, loi, iii; French suffer 
i^om, 19, 99, ai, 235 ; in English army, 64, 99. See also Epi* 
demies, ami Fevers. 

Smelt (salmo eperlanus), a fish: described, a, 299; found near Port 
Royal, 171; in Canadian waters, 6, 271, 8, 159; in lower St Law- 
rence, 48, 155, 175; fishery of, 1, 69, 3, 81, 259; seals eat, 68, 85* 

Smilax pseudo-China. See Squine. 

Smith, Benjamin E. (ed.): Century Cyclop, of Names, 71, 353. 

Smith, Charles C: *' Acadia," 71, 311. 

Smith, De Cost: "Mod. Iroq. Witchcraft," cited, 10, 325, 63, 306, 

71. 278. 

Smith College, Northampton, Mass., 67, 337. 

Smith, Erminnie: Irog. Myths, 71, 278. 

Smith, John, English voyager and explorer: at Penobscot, 8, 287. 
Hsst, Virginia, cited, 8, 301, 1 1, 275, 71, 262, 326. 

Smith, John Russell: Bibl, Amer., 71, 223. 

Smith, John Y. : ** Orig. Amer. Indians," 71, 269. 

Smith, T. W.: ** Slave in Amer.." cited, 69, 301. 

Smith, William H., historian of Canada: uses later volumes otfour^ 
nal des fisuites, 37, 308, 69, 282; notes of, 235, 302, 305. Can-- 
oda, cited, 69, 304, 71, 298. Canad. Gazetteer, 71, 342. 

Smith, William R. : Hist. Wisconsin, cited, 53, 302, 71, 323. 

Smithsonian Institution: copper rock in, 50, 327; Catlin Indian 



8S6 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

Smithfionian Institution (oontinned) — 
Gallery in, 71, 280. Publications of (reportSi etc.), cited, 3, 298, 
15, 245. «46» ai, 316, 47. 316, 63, 307, 7". 222, 264, 266, 268, 271, 
281. 283, 285, 286, 295, 316. 320, 331. 345. 

Smoke: as means of signaling, 3, 267, 56, 171; annoyance from, 15, 
346, iS. 17. 56. 73-77. 83, 58, 149. 59. 31-35, 81, 60, 83, 61, 123-125, 
6a, 219, 65, 43-49. W, 365; injures eyes, 37. aiS-aiQ. 3^. mi» 39, 
109* SI, 137; meat dried in, 31, 253; darkens compleodon of 
Indians, 68, 265. 

Smoking. See Calumet; Indians: social and economic life; And 
Tobacco-pipes. 

Smugglers, deported to America, 68, 229. 

Smuggling, in fur trade, 50, 324. 

Snails, in Acadia, i, 69. 

Snakeroot: varieties of, 68, 327; war-medidne made of, 145, 327. 

Snakes. Set Serpents. 

Snakes (Indians). See Shoshones. 

Snares, Indians set, for animals, 37, 35, 39, 209. 

Snipe, a bird: in Canada, 6, 271; in Mississippi valley, 69, 209. 

Snows: valued by Indians, 7, 29; deep, favor hunting, 45, 61, 49, 
159; in Eskimo country, 45, 69; abtmdant, in New France, 48, 203, 
50, 169; in Ottawa mythology, 289. Our Lady of the — ezplana^ 
tion of term, a8, 318; day of, 8, 89, a8, 223, 318. 

Snowshoes (raquettes): described, 1, 247, 5, 285, 67. 135; of women, 
5, 285; made by women, 18, 129, 68, iii; made by men, 38, 257; 
skin used in making, 3a, 269; worn in hunting, 3, 79, 4, 193, 57, 
319; moccasins worn with, 7, 17, 9, 175, 67, 135; cords of, eaten in 
times of famine, 25, 107, 37, 261 ; fatigue in using, 39, 159, 50, 
133. French use (Jesuits and others), 5, 127, ai, 23, a8, 163, ^, 

17, 3«, 137, 37. 19-21. 25-27. 31-33. 50, 131. 53. 73. 59, 3i. 35. 6a, 
219, 65. 47, 67, 115; Indians use, 5, 149, 7, iii, 10, 203, 18, 205, 

ao, 293, 34, 205, 37. 19-21, 25-27, 31-33, 53, 83, 113, 59, 31. 35, 

67, 223-225; furnished to Hurons, a8, 151, 34, 63; racing on, 3a, 

137; not used by Miamis, 58, 63. 
Snow-shovels, made by Montagnais, 7, 37. 
Snyff, at Detroit mission, 70, 57. Box, given to Illinois chief, 68, 

213. 
Soap, in Jesuit invoice, 66, 31 ; at Detroit mission, 70, 69. 
Sober, Hiram Allen, translator for this series, 14-19, v of each 

volume, 90-36, 5 of each volume. 
Société des Etudes Historiques: BulL reck, kist.^ 71, 331-332. 
Société des Missions Étrangères. See Séminaire des Missions 

Strangères. 
Société Historique, Montreal: publication of, ai, 312. 



Solcokis] INDEX 3S7 

Society for propagating gospel among Indians : organised by Edward 
Wiaàlow, 36, 85, 839. 

Society for tiie Propagation of the Faith: missions, 71, 309. 

Society of Montreal, 13, 273. See Montreal. 

Socks, elk-skin, Abenakis use, as shoes, 67, 135. See alsp Moccasins. 

Socolds (Sockokis, Soooquiois, Socoquis), 34, 183, 311, 46, 67, 58, 
75. 60, 133-137, 233. See Sokokis. 

Sodalities, societies in Roman Catholic church: atSault St. Louis, 
68, 273; at Montreal, 281; at New Orleans, 69, 31; at Quebec, 75; 
at Vannes (France), 71, 399. 

Soenres (Soen'res, Soenrese), Oneida chief: envoy, 45, 81, 50, 205; 
conversion and baptism, i, 30, 60, 183. 

Soentiakonk, a Mohawk: at Quebec, a8, 159. , 

Sogarésé (Sogaresse), Jacques, Iroquois convert: piety, 60, 29-31, 
307, 61, 215-217. 

Sohonchiogoua, Cayuga chief: an envoy, 54, 263-267; concludes 
league with Cayugas, 267. 

Sohonetsi, a Huron: slain by Iroquois, 36, 133. 

Soiehwaskwa, a Mohawk: at Three Rivers, 45, 91. 

Soionés, Iroquoised Huron: envoy to Hurons, 33, 1x9. 

Soirées Canadiennes, cited, 30, 305, 65, 267, 71, 312, 355. 

Soissons. comtesse de, sponsor in baptism, 3, 159. 

Soissons, Charles de Bourbon, comte de: in Catholic League, a, 296; 
officer tmder French kings, 296; lieutenant-general and governor 
of New France, 296, 4, 109; sponsor in baptism, a, 157; sketch, 
296. 

Sokenda'ti, Huron captive, 44, 117. 

Sokokis (Socolds, Sokoki, Sokokinois, Sokokiois, Sokoquinois, 
Sokouckiois, Sokoueki, Soquoquis), Algonquian tribe: historical 
sketch, ^4, 311; sagamore of, 311. Tribal affinities, 36, 243; 
Algonkins call Assokwekik, a8, 275. Location — on Saco River, 
34, 31 x; removed to Canada, 311. At mission near Montreal, 38, 
75 ; at Three Rivers, 60, 233, 63, 71 ; at mission of St. François de 
Sales, 65, 187. Route to, 37, 261. Population — numerous, 37, 
261,46, 67. Language — spoken by Abenakis, 34, 183. Charac- 
teristics — sedentary, 37, 261; compared to Europeans, 60, 135-137; 
fickle, 63, 71 ; intemperate. 71. 
Relations with other tribes : Algonkins — hostilities, 34, 183, 35, 

53, a8, 171, 205, 275-377. 285, »9. 53. 83, 2n, 37, 119, 38, i75i 40. 

201 ; adjustment of difficulties with, 36, 103; allies of, 105. Iroquois 

— aUies of, 34, 295, as, 53, «7, 245; hoetiUties with, «4, 311, 38, 303, 

36, 105. 37. 97. 49. 167, 63, 67; make presents to, as, 53, 71; confer 

with, a8, 285-287. Mohegans — allies of, 47, 315. Montagnais — 

hostilities with, J7, 79, a8, 277. 



888 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Soldien 

SoKOKis (continued) — 

Relations with whites: (a) French — at Sillery hospital, 24. 183; 
ransomed and liberated by, 395, 25, 53, 71, 27. 245» a8, 279, 31, 
87; attempt to ransom Jog^es, 87; promise to aid French against 
Iroqnois, 36, 101-103; at Quebec, 129; at Sillery, 139-141, 60, 135, 
63, 69-71; send envoy to, 36, 141; steal canoe from, 143. (b) Eng- 
lish— hostilities with, 60, 133. 

Soldiers: (a) French — arrive in Canada, a6, 71, a8, 316, 46, 151, 
49, 161, 165. 169, 223, 229, 249, 50, 81-83; at Quebec, 11, 75, 23, 
326, j8, 241, 36, 123, 38, 195, 44, 322, 46, 177, 185; sent to Three 
Rivers, la, 207, 213, 245; accompany Algonkins, ai, 73; Bressani 
seeks aid of, 23, 326; sent to Huronia, a6, 71, aj, 89, a8, 47, 3a, 
99t 33. 253-355» 269, 34, 59, 131. 35. 23, 85, 165; return from 
Huronia, aj, 277; at Port Richelieu, aç, 19, 25, 39, 159, 64, 67, 
97. 251; at Montreal, 3a, 143, 231, 37, 113; at Sillery, 36, 141; 
return to France. 31; at Yazoo, 67, 317; at New Orleans, 69, 31, 
70, 243. 315; at Baye St. Paul, 69, 83; at Detroit, 70, 21, 39, 307- 
309. Engage in fur trade, a7, 89; Jesuits paid for maintaining, 
89; salutes given by, 14, 267, a7, 235, a8, 143, 173, 35, 31, 68, 273; 
accompany Jesuits, a8, 155, 163, a9, 17-25, 37, 19-21; fight 
between, at Three Rivers, a8, 189; at wedding, 203; defend 
shallop, 30, 177; regaled, 3a, 85; mutiny among, 34, 39; in 
religious processions, 53, 71, 45; work as carpenters, 35, 33; 
wounded, in hospital, 36, 61 ; expense of maintaining, in Canada, 
38, 63-65; deserters, 169; needed in Canada, 47, 317, 48, 249, 6a, 
163; Laval confirms, 49, 165; settle in Canada, 50, 245, 51, 159, 
171. 53. 37; ill-treat Indians, 55, 187-189; review of, 63, 269; in 
expedition against Iroquois, 65, 25 ; licentiousness, 67, 73 ; needed 
at New Orleans, 68, 223; killed by Algonkin, 267; in expedition 
against Natches, 330; sell brandy to Illinois, 69, 201; at siege of 
Fort William Henry (Greorge), 70, 155, 159, 165-167. 173-185, 191 ; 
bravery of, 161. See also Army. French; Carignan-SaHères Regi- 
ment, Plying camp. Forts, Garrisons, and Militia, {b) Dutch — 
at Fort Amsterdam, a8, 105. {c) English — armies of , to invade 
Canada, 64, 97. 
Soleil, Perrot's: history and description, 66, 347; picture of, 

frontispiece, 9, 71, 218. See also Ostensorium. 
SoUer, François, French Jesuit: translation made by, 51, 29a 
Solomon, Hebrew king: temple of, 9, 91 ; licentiousness, 16, 157. 
Somali Coast, drug obtained from, 49, 276. 

Sommervogel, Carlos, Jesuit: BibL Comp. de Jésus, cited, a, 287, 
5, 273. 8, 291, 9. 313. ■». 275, 15. 248-250. a7, 313, 30, 303, 3a, 311, 
46, 298, 47. 317-319. 320, 4«. 297, 49, 274. 5>. 290, 60. 322, 61, 269, 
273. ^. 339. ^7. 341. 343. ^8, 333. 7©, 303. 3". 7«, 223. 



] INDEX 899 

Sondaarotihané, Huron convert: pions death, S, 137. 

Sondaconaaé. Set Tsondaoonané. 

Sondakwa, Thomas, Huron chief: baptized, j6, 205, 265; piety, 
265-369. 

Sondatsaa (Tsondatsaa), Charles, Huron convert, aa, 75, j6, 185; 
visits Huron seminarist, ao, 137-139; ability and virtues, 215; 
conversion and baptism, 217-221, 3i, 289, aa, 8$, 33, 83; speech 
by, 30, 221-225; piety, 225-229, 295» «», 85-89, 33, 45-49» 53. 
83-95, 195-197. ^, 343 ; asks aid of Montmagny, ai, 67, 73 ; accom- 
panies Jesuits to Huronia, 75; at Quebec, 23, 81-83; escapes 
from Iroquois, j6, 219, 243. 

Sondeonskon. Set Tsondeonskon. 

Sondihouftne (Sondihwannen, Sondiouanen). See Tsondihwane. 

Sondouskon, Joseph, Huron convert: assistant in Congregation, 

41, 173. 
Sonnontouan (Sonnonthouan, Sonnontoan, Sonnontouans, Sonnon- 

twan, Sonnontwanne, Sonontoen, Sonontouan, Tonnontouan, 
Tsonnontouan; Totiakton, Tegamhies, Theodehacto, Dà-u-de- 
hok-to), term variously applied to country, village, and people of 
Senecas, 41, 63; derivation of name, 8, 293; chief Seneca village, 
■3* 370» 14. 385; location, 8, 302, 41, 125, 51, 293, 295. Captives 
from, 13, 45, 41, III; captive at, 33, 95; people of, help restore 
captive, 41, III. Indian from, warns Hurons, 14, 39; Hurons raid, 
39. 253 ; threatened by Neutrals, 37, 97 ; women of, take refuge 
with Ca3rugas, 97; people of, hostile to French, 40, 163; hunters 
from, at Onondaga, 43, 171, 185. Envoys from Cat Nation at, 4a, 
177; envoys from, at Quebec, 43, 99, 50, 199, 53, 197; at Onon- 
daga, 163 ; at Montreal, 5a, 53 ; allies of French send envoys to, 64, 
37. Band from, in Canada, 50, 197, 51, 249; sorcerers burned in, 
63, 99; chief of, killed by Illinois, 213; French attack, 64, 33; 
French plan to invade, 65, 25. River of, 41, 125; burning spring 
in, 43. a6i. Jesuits in. 14, 288, 43. 307. »». i95, 54. 79. 56, 27, 
175, 61, 21. 225, 237. 6a, 227; Iroquois from, instructed, 41, 221; 
death of convert of, 49, 109; Jesuits to be sent to, 51, 83. See 
also Senecas. 
Sonnontouehronnons (Sonnontoehronnons, Sonnontoeronnons, Son- 
nontouaehronnons, Sonnontouaeronnons, Sonnontouaheronnons, 
Sonnontouahronnons, Sonnontouans, Sonnontoueronnons, Son- 
nontwaehronnons, Sonnontvirans, Sonnontweronnons, Sonnon- 
twe'ronnons, SonnontVeronnons. Sonnontwerronnons), Huron 
appellation of Iroquois tribe, 34, 311, 33, 65, 73, 81, 133, 36, 141, 
37. 97, 3^ 177. 19Ï. 40. 163, 4i. 73, 79-8i, loi. m, 115. ai7. a«3. 
227, 4». 177, 43» 99. 135. 147, 167. 169, 177. 183. «63, 281, 44, 21, 49, 
69. 73. 75. ia3, 153. ao7, 45. «43. 46. 53. 73. 47. 79. 81, 93. 95. loi. 



840 JESUIT RELA TIONS 

Soimontottehromions (continued)^ 
III. 113. 205. 49. 109. 141, 145, 50. 137. 55, 75, 81. 59. 77. 251, 
60, 135. 147. 173. 175. 185, 211, 6a. 163, 64, 27. 65, 25. See also 
Senecas, and Sonnontouan. 

Sononkhiaconc, a Hiiron: slanders Jesuits, 13, 217, 219; death, 223. 

Sononresk, Huron convert: baptism and death. 13, 191. 

Sonontoerrhonons (Sonontouanhrronons, Sonontouaxonnons, Sonon* 
touehronons. Sonontwaehnmons, Sonontwaëronons, Sonontwehro- 
nons, Sonontweronons, Sontouaheronnons). Huron appellation of 
Iroquois tribe. 8, 69, 115. 293, 13, 45, 18, 233, ai, 209, 211, 221, 38, 
275, 293, 38, 61, 4a. 63, 71. 45. 207. See Senecas. 

Sonontwan, 47, 279. 307. See Sonnontouan. 

Soot: as ink, ai, 31-33; Indians use, as paint, 38, 251, 70, 75. 

Soquoquis (Soquoquiois), a8, 205, 63, 67-71, 109. See Sokokis. 

Soranhes. father of Louis de Sainte Foy: death, 13, 23-27, 119. 

Sorcerers: name given by Jesuits to medicine-men, 1, 16, 4, 262, 5, 
285-287; origin and application of term, la, 7, 16, 149; see also 
Indians: medicine-men. Cause sickness and death, 1, 261, 33, 199- 
201, 217. 3*» 35, 41. 45; treatment of, ii, 203, 261. la, 155, 169, 14. 
37-39. ■». 53. "9. 83-87. 153-155. 167, 179. ^3. 135, ^4. 213, 30, 21. 
3a, 47, 33. 219, 39- 133-137; French regarded as, la, 87; Indians 
accused as, 13, 155. 14. 39; Jesuits accused as, 13. 217. 14. 53. 99. 
253. "5. 33-35. 45. "6, 39. 53. 93. 109. 125, 155. 163, 17, 15. 59» "5- 
119, 123, 203, 227, 233, 18, 13. 25, 41. «9. 91-97. "5. 129. 149. 153. 
167, 175. 183, 193-197. 203, 207, 217. 247, ao, 29-31. 49, 53, 59-éi, 73, 
ai. 207-227, 235, a4, 213, as, 109, 30, 227-229, 31, 73, 267, 33. 19. 
121, 34. 169, 35. 131. 38, 45-47. 39. 125, I33. 203. 235, 43, 315, 
56, 61 ; converts accused as, a3, 67. See also Sorceries. 

Sorcerers, Nation of (Nation des Sorciers), French appellation of 
Nipissings, 5. 71. 221, 279, 7, 312, 13. 233, 15, 153, 17, 165, 30, 
143 ; origin of name, 5, 219, 288. See also Nipissings. 

Sorceries (spells): described, 33, 199, 217; rites of , retained by con- 
verts, 3, 145-147; practiced by Indians, 14, 229, 17, 195, ao, 153- 
155. 263; Indians fear, 49; Attikamègues renounce, a6, 81, 99; 
forbidden to converts, 121; misforttmes ascribed to, 31, 73, 121, 
199-201, 34, 169, 38, 45, 39. 17. See also Indians: medidne-men; 
ewul Sorcerers. 

Sore throat, Attikamègue suffers from, a6, 79. 

Sorel, . memorandum concerning (1697), 65, 39. 

Sorel (Saurel), Pierre de, captain in Carignan regiment: commands 
five companies, 49, 253-255; builds fort Sorel (1664), la, 279, 49, 
266, 275; builds fort St Louis (error for Sorel, or Richelieu; see 
plan of forts, 49, facing 266), 49, 253; governor of Richelieu, 175; 
honors Du Peron, 175 ; leads army against Iroquois, 50, 139, 193 ; 



S oi M Plqttoto] INDEX 841 

returns to Quebec, 197 ; marriage (1668), 49, 275 ; obtains seigniory 

of Sorel (167a), 375; at Quebec assembly (1682), 63, 157; death 

(1682), 49, 275 ; sketch, 275. 
Soriqnois, a8, 171, 173. See Souriquois. 
Sorrel, wild, Indians make medicine of, aa, 293. 
Sotrioskon, Bertrand, Huron convert: death, a6, 33. 
Sotwell (Sotwel). See Southwell 
Souart (Souar, Suart), Gabriel, Sulpitian priest: arrives in Canada, 

44, 322 ; at Quebec, 109, 47, 289 ; preaches at parish church, 291. 
Soael (Souël), Jean, Jesuit, 71, 136; arrives in Louisiana, 67, 341, 

71, 168, 7a, 19; illness, 67, 261; accompanies Du Poisson, 279, 

301; with Yazoos, 317, 341; slain by Natches (1729), 341, M, 173, 

1 77» 70, 247-249; burial, 68, 217; bell and book found in cabin of, 

217; character and ability, 185; sketch, 67, 341, 71, 168. 
Souharissen, Attiwandaron chief: authority, 8, 304. 
Soul. See Indians: mythology, folk-lore, and religion. 
Soule, French ball-game : lacrosse compared to, 10, 327-328. 
Soumande, Antoinette, marriage, 65, 261. 
Sonnantouan. 69, 187. See Senecas. 
Sounds, arms of sea: Parry, sacrifices made near, 10, 324. Puget, 

ceremony performed by tribes of, 10, 32a 
Sountwaronons, %% 145, 233. 30, 227. See Senecas. 
Sourdis, , marquise de: aids Jesuits, 1, 141, 314," a, 213, 3, 

169. 
Souriquois (Soriquois, Souricois, Sourikois, Souriqaoys; Micmacs), 

Etechemin tribe: call themselves *' Patriarchs," 1, 163. 

Location and population: location — at and near Port Royal 
(1610), I, 73; near sea, 177; about mouth of St. Lawrence, 213; in 
Acadian peninsula, a, 69, 205, 3, 41, 40. 189; at Chignecto Bay, 3, 
251; east of Port Royal (1632), 1, 309; south of St. Lawrence, 18, 
333i 37» 267; settle at Miscou (1645). 30, 127; winter at Bon Désir, 
68, 107; route to, by way of Acadian coast, 37, 261. Population — 
(1611-12), a, 73. 3. "I- 

Language: differs from Armouchiquois, 1. 308; use hieroglyphics, 
3, 300; understand Montagnais, 33, 243; compared with Montagnais, 
34, 145; prayers composed in, 149, 30, 141; Lyonne speaks, 33, 35; 
words and phrases, i, 177, 305. 315. ^» «9. 149» 167, 185, 307. 3* 81, 91, 

95-97, "7-119» 1*3. 133. a"» >7. «43. 

Tribal characteristics^ etc: nomads, 1, 83, 87, 3, 73; work per- 
formed by women, 3, loi ; practice polygamy, 103, 8, 167; monis, j, 
101-105; not thievish, 109, 34, 151 ; x>hy8ique, 8, 159; intelligence, 159- 
161; not religious, 161; docility, 161-163; kindness, 3, 179, 33, 37; 
honesty, 8, 1 61-163 ; decency, 165-167; marriage unstable, 167; drunk- 
enness among, aa, 341, 34, 151; attitude toward liquor tiiuffic, aa, 



842 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

SouuQuois: Tribal characteristics^ etc. (continued) — 
941; canoes made by men, 24, 14^151; musical ability, 28, 33; 
restore captive women, 40, 189. Occupations — hunting and fishing, 
1, 83-85, 3, loi; work of women, loi. Disease among, i, 177; chief 
of, 310, J, 93, 223. 

Relations with other tribes : Abenakis, allies of, la, 274. Algon- 
kins, murder, a8, 1 71-173. Armouchiquois, hostile to, i, 105. Ber- 
siamites — hostilities with, 18, 257, a8, 35, 37, 235; peace with, 30, 
139» 143- Eskimos — war with, 45, 65, 69; propose war against, 47, 
221. Iroquois, massacred by, 30, 305. Malecites, allies of, la, 274. 
Montagnais, compared with, a8, 33. Papinachois, killed by Souri- 
quois, 47, 229-231. 

Relations with whites: (a) French — De Monts with (1605), 3, 
43: friendly to, a, 49, 71, 165, 207, 253. «61-263, 3. 69-71, 4» I7. a?. «5. 
113; desire French, aa, 241; French with, a8, 27, 319. Fur trade 
with, a, 169, 181, 201 ; sell liquor to, aa, 241 ; at French settlements, 
a4. 147. 37. 191. «35. 38. 179- Need of missions to, 1, 183; 
instructed, 71 ; baptisms among, 6, a, 87, 135-137. I47-I49> 3. 165 ; 
call priests '* patriarchs," 8, 185; Jesuits with, 4, 269, a4, 149; desire 
Jesuits, aa, 239; attitude toward Jesuits, a4, 151; steal tobacco 
from Jesuits, 151. {b) English and Dutch «-Souriquois attack, 4, 87. 
Souris, name of mare, 70, 53. 
Soussaki, 57, 281. See Sacs. 

South Bend, Ind., portage at, 59, 3x4; fort near, 66, 348. 
South Chicago, river at, 59, 314. 
Southey, Robert, owner of Cramoisy Relation^ a8, 310. 
Southouis, 67, 319-321. See SitteoiL 
Southwell (Sotwel), Nathanael, Jesuit writer: Bibl. scr^torum^ 

cited, 3» 3B7, 71» ««3* 
Southwest, history, 71, 3a4-327- 
Southwold earthwork (in Southwold township, Ont), aboriginal 

fortification, ai, 317; Coyne identifies, 36, 248. 
Sowendwanne, a Huron: parleys with Iroquois, 37, 109. 
Spain, a7, 313-314. 60, 321, 61, 269; shipping ravages by Drake, 3. 
294; difficulties with France, a, 296; French artisans in, 7, 243; 
in Thirty Years' War, 8, 306; kkig issues decrees concerning 
Indians, la, 276; West India Company strive to humble, ai, 318; 
iron mines in, 63, 289; Pensacela restored to (1721), 65, 270; 
information from, 66, 187: peace with Austria, 67, 337; Louisiana 
ceded to (1763), 70, 315, 3x7, 71, 35; cedes Florida to England 
(1763), 70, 315* Jesuit assistancy of, 59, 307; Jesuits take refuge 
in, 70, 295-297; Jesuits expelled from (X767), 314, 71, 43; number 
of Jesuits in (1767). 70, 314; first to recall Jesuits, 315. 
Spalding, Rev. H. S., Jesuit: aid from, acknowledged, 7a, 11. 



8pnac0] INDEX 348 

Spaniards (Spanish): explorers and discoverers, i, i ; supposed to be 
discoverers of Canada, 38» 227; names given by early explorers, 
45, 272. 46, 301, 59, 307. Settle in Newfoundland, 1,1; inÂmeri. 
ca, 61, 47, 147, 59, 159; American possessions, i, 205; not in 
North, 49, 71; hold Porto Rico, 221; in Florida, 58, loi; settle 
Pensacola (1696), 65, 270; in Mexico, 66, 225; at St. Louis, 71, 
318; in Virginia, 326; wars with Prance, 1, 2; Canada safe from, 
9, 151; introduce maize into Europe, 11, 275; capture French ships, 
41, 211, 239, 43, 85, 319; s^ise Pensacola, 65, 165; French receive, 
165-167; fort of, 175; mines of, 66, 225, 293. 

Spanish Hill, N. Y., Indian site near, 8, 301. 

Spears: Indians use, 23, 177, 69, 227; in fishing, 70, 103. See also 
Indians: warfare. 

Spells. See Charms; Indians: medicine-men; Sorcerers; and 
Sorceries. 

SpUa Virginis^ star in constellation Virgo, 50, 69-71. 

Spices, not used by Indians, 38, 257, 44, 279, 283. 

Spiders, found in edible moss, 50, 257. 

Spinning: taught in Paraguay missions, I a, 276; occupation of 
Indian converts, 63, 205. 

Spinucdus, Hieronymus, inquisitor: approves Bressani's book, 38, 

215. 
Spirits (supernatural): Indians consult, invoke, and worship, 3, 131, 

7, 117, 9. 113. II, 255-259» w. ". 17» "3. 271» 17» 153-155. ao. 306- 
307, ai, 289, 31, 211, 33, 227, 39, i3-i7i 40, 239; souls conveyed 
by, la, 11; eyes of, 17; shake medicine-man*s tent, 17-21; gifts 
by, to first man, ao, 306. Good and evil, a, 75, 39, 13; of seasons, 
6. 161, 9, 308; of light, 7, loi, 117. la, 11-13, 15-17, 33; of air, 9, 
113. 3>» 211. 40, 239; familiar, 17, 153-155; of dead, ai, 289; 
spirit-worship, 71, 276. See also Ascwandic, Charms, Genii; 
Indians: medicine-men; Manitou, Oki, Sorcerers, and Sorceries. 

Split Rock, Iroquois at, 45, 153. 

Spoons: Indians use, aa, 231, 63, 289; Hospital nuns ask for, 49, 
209, 50, 163, 51, 113; in Jesuit invoice, 66, 27. Pewter, 50, 163, 
66, 27; tin, 51, 113; wooden, 63, 289. 

Spraker's Basin, N. Y., Indian site near, 8, 300, 51, 295. 

Springs, steel: made at Detroit, 70, 61. 

Springs (water): burning, 8, 302, 43, 261, 326; mineral, of central 
New York, 259-261, 325-326; effect of earthquake upon, 48, 43. 

Spruce, hemlock (^^ilf J Canadensis): identified, la, 269. ^InCan- 
aclAt 9« 169; in Iroquois coimtry, 30, 261, 31, 73; in northern coun- 
try, 46, 279; at Sept Isles, 59. 57. Medicinal uses, la, 25, 269, 13, 
261, 68, 73 ; wood, used for bows, 15, 245 ; bark, cabins made of, 
ai, 87; floors covered with branches of, 31, 217-219. 



Hi JESUIT RELA TIONS [Sqwuto 

Squanto, Sokoki sagamore: burns Saco settlement, 24, 311. 

Squashes {citrouilUs): cultivated by Indians, 3, 298, 10, 103, 13, 41, 
47» I5> 153. 159» SO, 81, 31, 195, 31. 51. 40» 137, 4^. &$» 43. 183, 47. 
75. X89. 5>. 303, 54, 189, 207. 55, 351, 57. 351, 59, 139, 64, 177, 185, 
65, II7-I3I, 133. Ï5I. 159. ^7. ai3; quality. 10, 103, 43. 183, 48, 
169, 55, 351; method of cooking, 15, 163, 4a, 85; dainty, among 
Iroquois, 43, 183 ; feasts of, 47, 75, 189, 57, 351 ; raised at Mont- 
real, 48, 169; Illinois dry, 59, 139. 

Squenguioron, 8, 303. See Skenchiohronons. 

Squier, £. G., antiquarian: " Manabocho and Great Serpent,** cited* 
la, 370, 71, 378. Antiq. New Yark^ cited, 5, 393. Monuments 
Miss, Valley^ 71, 369. Algon. Traditions^ 71, 378. See also 
Books: sale catalogues. 

Squine {Smiiax pseudo-Chine) \ described, 70, 318; found along 
Mississippi, 385. 

Squirrel Nation, Algonquian tribe: location, 46, 389; destroyed by 
Iroquois, 385, 389-393. 

Squirrel, 6, 339 ; Canadian, relative size of, 17, 343 ; method of hunt- 
iiigt 6, 307; dog hunts, 3a, 37; hunted, 37, 185; as food, 6, 371; in 
Indian folk-lore, 10, 155: robes made of skin. 17, 343, 33, 193; used 
by juggler, 4a, 173; attracted by rattlesnake, 69, 167-169. Fly- 
ing — described, 6, 315-317; found in Canada, 38, 341. Black — 
called "black beasts," 10, 155, ai, 197, 316; described, 17, 343; 
valued for fur, 343, 33, 193; robes made of skins of, 7, 13, 31, 231 ; 
cabins covered with skins of, 8, 131. Variety called " Swiss 
(Suisse)," 6, 315. 

Stadacona, Indian village, a, 304, 30, 305; Cartier at, a, 304, 30, 
305. See also Quebec 

Stags. See Deer. 

Stainville. See Choiseul, Etienne de. 

Stanford, : Com fend. Geog,, cited, 71, 343. 

Stanislas. See Kostka, Stanislas. 

Star of the g^reat dog (Canis major) : observation of comet reckoned 
from, 50, 73. 

" Star, sign of," metaphor, 41, 99, 4a, 81. 

Starlings, in France, 47, 143. 

Starved Rock, 111., La Salle at (1683), 57, 316, 59, 314. 

Statistics, books on, 71, 341-343. 

Statutes, Canadian, cited, 71, 390. 

Staves: exported to Antilles, 50, 341; Talon promotes manufacture 

of, 343- 

Steams, Robert E. C: " Ethno-Conchology," 71, 385. 

Steel, 9, 189; in fire-making, la, 373; see also fire-making appara- 
tus. At Detroit forge, 69, 341, 367 ; sold at Detroit, 70, 39, 33-35, 
49; springs. 61; prices, 61. See also Iron. 



INDEX 345 



Steeple, projected for Montreal church, 64, 137. 

Stevens, Henry: bids In copy of Thevenot's Recéuii, 59, 395. HtS' 

tarical Coihctitms catalogue, cited, 51, 385. Amer. BibUog,^ 71, 

333. 
Stevens, John A. : " Eng. in N. York/* 71. 317. 
Stevenson^ James: " Card Money in Canada,** cited, 69, 303, 71, 311. 
Stewart, Charles, land owned by, 71, 69. 
Stewart, Greorge: " Sources Canad. Hist," 71, 311. Frontenac^ 

71. 337. 

Stewart, Sir James: founds settlement at Cape Breton, 4, 370 ; colony 
expelled, 370, 8, 31 x. 

Stickney, Gardner P. : " Ind. Use of Wild Rice," 71, 383. Ind, Use 
of Maize, 71, 383. Perrot, cited, 55, 331, 71, 337. 

Stinkards (Gens puants), appellation of Winnebagoes, 15, 155, 16, 
«53. 41. 79. 185, 4^. «23; origin of name, 15, 347, 18, 331. 38, 339. 
See also Winnebagoes. 

Stirling (Sterling), Thomas, British officer: friendly to Catholics, 71, 
43; commandant in Illinois, 389; superseded, 389. 

Stockade, Iroquois village defended by, j8, 131. See also Palisades. 

Stockbridge, Mass., Housatonic tribe occupy, a6, 315. 

Stockbridges (Housatonic), Mohegan tribe: origin of name, a6, 315; 
location, 315; chief, 315; history, 315, 71, 391. 

Stockings: Indian, compared to French, 44. 393; French, Indians 
wear, 395, 68, 365 ; price at Detroit mission, 69, 375. 

StScklein, Joseph, Jesuit: publishes Le tir es édifiantes, 66, 331, 333; 
death, 331. 

Stoddard, Amos: Louisiana, cited, 59, 313, 71, 336. 

Stone (disease), unknown to Indians, 38, 357. 

Stone, Nation of the, 5a, 145, 363. See Oneidas. 

Stones: heated — Indians use in cooking, 5, 97, 54, 155; for sweat- 
box, la, 33, 13, 303. Weapons and implements — Indians use, 8, 
41, 313, II, 199, 13, 373, 63, 391; works relating to, 306-307, 71, 
383-383. As charms — use of, forbidden to converts, 36, i3i ; found 
in animal, 39, 35. Tobacco-pipes made of, 40, 135, 307; offerings 
made to, 44, 35; precious, worn by Indians, 389; Oneida, 5a, 363. 
Buildings — at Quebec, 8, 389: by Dutch, 38, 311. Quarries — 
near Quebec, 9, 163-165 ; on Christian Island, 35, 85. Boat for, 
9, 189; sold at Detroit, 70, 35; for stove, 57; masonry, cost of, 31; 
age of, 71, 370. 

Stontrats, Henry, Huron convert: captured by Iroquois, j6, 35; 
tortured, 37; escapes, 35-37; recaptured, 37. 

Storehouses: Indian — how made, 3, 107-109 (see o/r^ Caches). At 
Fort Amsterdam, j8, 107; at Tadoussac, 68, 39. See also Quebec: 
warehouse; a/ii^ Warehouses. 



846 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Storks 

Storks, Sign of the, Cramoisy imprint, 5, 9, 81, 6, 95, 7, 251, 8, 903, 
14, 117, 15, 207. 18, 51, ao. III, aa. 23. aa. 259, «5. 93. ^. 127. 
a8. 257, 30, 209, 3a, 115, 34. 7i> 38t 69, 36, 155. 37» 135, 40, 71. 
41, 29, 209, 4a, 21, 43» 83, 45, 173. 46, 195, 47. 139. 48. 23, 247, 
49. 1B7, 50, 97. 325. 51. 157. 284, 5^. ii5. 53. 33, 54. 249. 55, 233* 

Stoups, copper, for holy water: Hospital nuns ask for, 49, 209. 

Stoves: at Detroit mission, 70, 57; pipes for, 57; stone for, 57. 

Strabo, Greek historian: cited, i. 85. 

Strachey, William, early Virginia writer: cited, 6, 329. 

Straits: Anian (misprinted, Auian) — Drake at, 3, 57; location, 294; 
origin of name, 295. Bahama — Tracy at, 49, 223. Belle Isle — 
Laurentian Mts. border, 5, 286. Bering — myth of tribes at, 10, 
319. Cabot — Islands near, i, 319. Canso (FYonsac) — name, 3, 
300; map, 71, 360. Detroit — fort on, 6a, 274. Death's Door 
(Porte des Morts) — why thus named, 56, 302. English Channel — 
French name for, 4, 69, 253; Tumell in, 69; pirates in, 8, 61, 175. 
Fronsac {see above C^anso). Hudson — Cortereal in, 3, 294 ; blocked 
with ice, 45, 225 ; French in, 66, 83. Kara (Ubaîgats) — Dutch 
in, 3, 181, 299 ; location, 299. Mackinac (of Lake Huron) — Hurons 
ftt, 50, 322; Allouez at, 54, 199; island in, 55, 157; fort and mis- 
sion on, 319, 70, 317. Magellan — land beyond, 1, 61. St. 
Mary's — Nicolet at, 8, 295. 

Strangulation, European method of execution, 13, 75. 

Straw, used for cabins, 57, 269. 

Strawberries: in Canada, 6, 271, 38, 243; in Huron coimtry, 10, 103; 
in Iroquois country, 46, 229, 47, 75, 51, 123; on Richelieti Island, 
48, 165 ; two varieties of, 38, 243 ; eaten with grease, 5, 97 ; leaves 
of, eaten during famine, 7, 201 ; dried by Indians, 13, 231 ; pigeons 
destroy, 48, 177. 

Straws. See Indians: games. 

Strong, James: Biòi, cyclopedia, jt^'^^^^^^'^. See eUso ÌLcC^ntotìL, 

Strong, Moses M. : '* Ind. Wars of Wisconsin," 71, 289. 

Strong, Nathaniel T. : Seneca Indians, 71, 294. 

Stuart, , writes to La Brosse, 71, 57. 

Sturgeon, 58, 67; at Port Royal, a, 171; in American lakes and 
rivers. 6, 271. 9, 167, 36, 189, 40, 217, 4a, 73, 48, 163, 175, 50, 241, 
51. 65. 54, 149-151. ai7. 85. I35. i57. 56, 181, 57, 293, 58, 107, 275; 
different varieties of, 6, 271, 54, 151 ; season for hunting, 3, 81, 57, 
301; method of catching, 30, 265, 57, 301, 58, 273, 59, iii, 70, 103; 
size, 8, 19; fishery, i, 69, 3a, 99, 34, 55; carried away by eagle, 
33, 47; dried for food, 48, 133; Indians offer sacrifice for good 
fisl^ing, 50, 289; manitou of, 57, 273; feasts of, 287,295; con- 
vert makes offering of, 289; convert prays for, 297; glue made 
from, 68, 85. 



SfllpitteM] INDEX M7 

Styrax (Benjamin, i.e., Benzoin), native of Sumatra, 49, 296; ingre- 
dient of ointment, 51, 289. 

Suamioo (Onssouamigotrng), Wis., mission at, 57, 291. 

Snart (Suar), 44, 109, 45, 119, 46, 179* See Sooart 

Sabercase, Daniel d' Auger de, French commandant: surrenders 
Port Royal, 69, 233; sketch, 302. 

Sublimate, corrosive, 49, 207. 50, 161; origin, 51, 290. 

Subsidies, to Newfoundland colonization company, 4, 254; upon 
ships built in Canada, 55, 322. 

Succotash, origrin of, 5, 282. See also Com, and Sagamité. 

Suckàuhock, 8, 313. See Wampum. 

Suffrages (prayers for dead), 35, 53, 67, 24s. 

Suffren, Jean, Jesuit author: his " abridgment,** 3 J, 67; sketch, 31 x. 

Sugar, 14, 31, 41, 43, 51, 77, 15, 69. 41, 99, 49, 207, 50, i6i, 51, 1x3. 
53, 107, 66, 25, 29. See also Maple. 

Sugar-cane (Saccharum offictnarum)^ 67, 95; brought from Orient 
to West Indies, 335; introduced into Louisiana by Jesuits, 71, 
381. 

Suicide: among French, 30, 189, 34, 51; among Indians, 10, 81, 145, 

"3. »7. 59. '4. 37. 18. 27-39. 163-165. 19, 17. 171, «a. «57. »4, 49, 
30, 263, 275-277. 33, "7. 125-127, 35, 253-255, 43, 271, 57, 165, 58. 
239, 60, 287. 6j, 63-65. 85-87, 91. 63. 251. 

Sully, Mazimilien de Bethune, due de: prevents Soissons's marriage, 
a, 2q6 ; his opinion of Canadian colonies, 308. Memoirs, cited, 3, 
308, 71, 262. 

Sulphur. 13, 272, 43. 261, 45. 219, 48, 43, 205. 

SuLPiTiANS, relig^ious order {see St Sulpice), 50, 320, 55, 320, 56, 39, 
64. 137» 149» ^5, 261. 67, 245, 339. ^9. 47, 63; esUblished by Olier, 
I, 20, ai, 312, 43, 322; arrive in Canada, la, 275, ai, 3x2, aa, 318, 
43» 323, 50, 201, 211, 51, 177, 5a, 43, 261; Montreal surrendered 
to, ai, 312; seigniors of Montreal, 57, 315, 60, 129; other posses- 
sions, 58, 295; attempt to render Indians sedentary, a4, 231; 
educate Algonkin children, 5a, 26x; relations with Jesuits, 15, 
250, 43, 73. 322, 324, 45, 269, 50, 201, 64, I2X, 131-133» 153. 68, 
227; Frontenac's policy toward, 53, 303, 55, 322; landgrants by, 
la, 273, 57, 315, 58, 295, 64, 278; relations with ecclesiastics, 64, 
121, 147, 69, 286; some, captured by English, 64, X47; kindness to 
Lamberville, 255: accompany La Salle, i, 36; explorations by, 
50, 320-321, 57, 315; replaced by Récollets, 50, 326. 
Missions: Acadia, 71, 287, 302. Lake of Two Mountains (Oka), 

I, 20-2X, 31, 67, 33X, 69. 225, 70. 93- La Montagne, 6a, x6q, 275i 

67, 339. La Presentation (La Galette), 69, 155, 295, 70, 93. 

Quinte Bay (among Cayugas), 1, 31, 50, 326, 51, 257, 290, 71, 236^ 

248. St. Louis (Montreal Island), 67, 33X. 



M8 JESUIT RELA TIONS [ 

Suite, Benjamin, CanaiHan historian: dted. 5, 97s, 6, 396, 9, 310^ ii, 
«78, ai. 311, a8, 315-316, 319. 37. «65, 56, 303. 7i. 37«. 37^ Works 
dted — Album HitL dis Trots-Rivières, 4, a6i, 71, 311. Boucher. 
^. 3x6. 47. 318. 71. «44. 337. '^«>/. TroiS'Rrtfiires, 4, aói, 71, 
311. Mélanges d'histoire, 8, 295-996, 71, 399. St, Fremfois du 
1'^% 7if 311* Canad,- Français, 4, 356, 261, 364, s68, 5, 983-2&4, 
S88-289, 6, 336, 8, 294, 300, 306. 309-312, 9. 305-306, 14, 387. »7. 
313-3x3. 3^. 3x3. 35. 290, 36. 244-245. 248, 43. 323, 44. 322-3*3. 
45. 270, 46, 303. 47. 3x5. 3x7. 48. 295-296, 49, 274-375. 278, 5«. 
3x9-320, 324, 53. 303. M. 32X. 58, 294. 89. 314. 64. 275. ^^ 347. 
^7. 340, 343. 68. 331. 334-335. 69, 291, 298, 304, 307, 7»t «9*-«99. 
392-393, 396. Ckron, trifiuvienue, 4, 261, 5, 283, 71, 311. 
"Bochartand Kerbodot," 71, 337. "Const phys. des Canad.- 
français," 71, 311. " Pam. Callières," 71, 337. " Golfe St Lan- 
fw^t," 71, 311. " Guerre des Iroquois," 71, 289. '* Interprètes," 
71, 311. " La Durantaye," 71, 337. " Marie de Tlncamation," 
71. 337* " MortdelaSaUe." 65» 270, 71. 337- " Nicolet," 8, 396. 
" Organ, milit du Canada," 44, 323, 71, 311. " Orig. des Canad.- 
français," 71, 313. " Poutrincourt," 71, 3x3. " Prem. seign. 
du Canada," 71, 337. " Les Tonty," 71, 337. " Valley of Grand 
River," 71, 313. 

Summer (Somers) Isles, 71, 336. See Islands: Bermudas. 

Sun: used as compass by Indians, 4a, 45; edipses, la, 31, 73, 58, 
39, 68, 257; image of, made of porcelain* 4a, 39; personified 
by Hurons, 5, 386, la, 183; venerated by Algonquian tribes, 3, 133, 
4. 203, 17, 73, 51, 41, 59, 54, 187, X97, 55. 179. 315. 56, X25, 57. 2»3> 
241, 275. 287, 58, 181, 273-375. 6a, 199-201 ; by southern tribes, 
65, 131,68, 137-139, 193; invoked, 8, 396, 13, 261, ai, 43, 171, 
a6, 69, a8, 397. 33. 225, 237, 38. 277, 40. X65, 41. 75. 4*. 55. 
50, 261, 285-287, 51, 39^ why invoked, 39, 15; named" Jesus," 
4,201; thanked for good fortune, 31, 31, 39, 17, 57, 185; sacri- 
fices offered to, 60, 319, 337, 61, 149; calumet presented to, 59, 
1x5, 119, 131, 135, 65, 125, 66, III; temple of Natches dedicated 
to, 68, X93; in Indian rhetoric, 40, 165, 185, 4a, 77, 85, 59, 117. 
See also Parhelia. 

Sunflower {//elianlAus) : sought by Hurons, 37, 105 ; grown in Missis- 
sippi, 65, 129. Seeds — oil made f rem, 43, 325 ; as sacrifice, 4a, 197. 

Sunnidaie township. Ont, Indian sites in, ao, 308. 

Suppurative, used in hospital, 49, 207. 

Surgeons, 8. 3x2, la, 205, a8, 117. 123, 3«. 3i. 99. 37. X13. 38, 153» 
X55. 64, 67, 73, 66, 63; at French posts, 11, 139. a7, 333, 327, 31. 
26$, èX 37. 99; *t Fort Orange, 31, 97, 40, 143; on ships, 30, 131. 
36, 31, 60, 109; at Quebec hospital, a4, 183, 36, 205 ; treat Indians, 
aa, 13X-133. »4. X83, 201, 3«. 243, 47. 187, 335. 68, 183; one accom- 



flwiv^l-gttiis] INDEX 849 

pMiies De Quen, 38, 155; fumiali pam bénite 30. 199; bind 
pfttientB, 33, 31 ; am<»ig Jesuits {see Jesuits) ; unoog Indians (see 
Indians: sickness and remedies). 

^^oxVi* Jacques Philibert Rousselet de: Memmires gétfgrapkiquêe^ 
66, 398-599. 

Surlaville, Michel le Courtois de: Bern, jours de l*Acadie. 71, 96s. 

Suionne, Renée, marriage, 38, 995. 

Susanna, Oneida convert: adopts Milet, 64, 976. 

Susanne, Abenaki convert, piety, 63, 45-47. 

Susanne, Montagnais convert: piety, 53, 69-69. 

Susquehannas (Sasquesahanoughs, Suaquehannocks). 8, 301; iden- 
tity, 71, 994. See also Andastes. 

Sutherland, James: *' Early Wis. Settlement,*' 71, 393. 

Suzanne, Abenald convert: 6a, 131. 

Swallows, near Hudson Bay, 45, 931. 

Swamps, 48, 977, 60, 161, 66, 97, m. 68, 33. 

Swan (Çygnus) : in Gulf of St Lawrence, i, 903 ; near Hudson Bay, 
45. S3i; about Great Lakes, 54, 915, 9x9, 69, 957; along Missis^ 
sippi, 59, 161. 65, 73. W. M5. 67. 167, 69, 145, 909; drops its 
plumage in warmer latitudes, 59, 109; hunted, 70, 59; trumpeter 
(C buccinator)^ 56, 301. 

Swearing (profanity), unknown among Algonkins, 5. 105, 989-983. 

Sweating, 18, 131; process described, 6, 191, 14, 173, 38, 953; as 
therapeutic agent, 1, 961, 3, X15, 5, 105, 989, 10, 197, 13, 9x3, 96x, 
■4. SI. 65. 3^. 353, 4a, 67-69, 68, 73-75; A superstitious observance, 
■O, X55, 13. 31. 903-907, 15, 197, 34, 7Ï. »9. 143. 157. Ï63; decisions 
of war adopted in sweat-house, 40, i8x. See also Indians: sick- 
ness and remedies, and medicine-men. 

Sweden, 33, X37. 46, 94X. 

Swedes: settlements in North America, 1, 905, a8, 109, 314, 38, 999; 
visited by Hurons, 33, X33-X35 ; write to Jesuits, X35-X37 ; do not 
instruct Indians, X3S, 185. 

Sweet-gum tree (Ltgusdambar styraciftua)^ 66, 348. 

Swelinck, Jan, engraver, J, 30a 

Swine, 43, 37, 65, X67; on Sable Island, a, 995; wild, in Shawnee 
country, 47, X47. Reared by French habitants, 37, 96x, 69, 89, 
145, 70, 43. 6x; by Jesuits, 6, 7X-73, 33. «55, 35. «7; by Indians. 
66, 955, 68, 975. Carried by English naval expedition, 66, 199. 
See also Lard, and Pork. 

Switserland: Mennonites in, a8, 3x3; intemperance prevalent in, 31, 
171; an ally of France, 70, 171; its citizens in French army, 15, 

«35. 70, 199- 
Switzler, W. P. : Hist Missouri, cited, 70. 316, 71, 393. 
Swivel-guns. See Cannon. 



S60 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Swwte 

Swords, ai, 35, a6, 163, 44, 105, 49. 69, 56, 161, 68, 65. 

Sycamore, American {Piatanus occidtntaUs), called " cotton-tree," 

Sylleri, 38, 331, 40, 61. See Sillery. 

Sylvain, L. P., librarian: aid from, acknowledged, 1, xii, 4, 4, 41, 251. 

Symony, , sponsor in baptism, a, 159. See Rouelle, and 

Simony. 
Syndic, procmtyr, of Quebec, 38, 183, 43, 331 ; élection, 37, 311, 30, 

183, 187; office abolished (April, 1663), 47, 379. 
Syracuse, N. Y., 41, 355, 51, 393. 
Syresme, 71, 136. See Sirême, J. 
Syringe, desired by Jesuits, 66, 39. 
Syrups, used at hospital, 49, 307, 51, 113, 5a, 109. 

TA.AKENRAT, Pierre, Iroquois convert: captured by Hurons, 37, 
109; burned at stake, 11 1. 

Tabagie. See Indians: feasts. 

Tabittee (Abittibi) Indians: relations with white men, 61, 369. 

Table-covers, of deerskin, 67, 359. 

Tabouret, , member of Company of New France, 25, 79. 

Tachard, , Jesuit: returns to Indies, 64, 339. 

Taché, E. £., Canadian official: cited, 27, 315; aid from, acknowl- 
edged, 4, 4. 

Taché, Joseph Charles, Canadian antiquarian: researches, 5, 396,10, 
319 ; biography. 71. 335 , cited, 5, 393-394' 8. 3û4« "O, 338, 17, 34a. 3N>, 
305,30, 305. Forestiers^ 71, 355. *' Islet au Massacre," 71, 312. 

Tacks: sold at Detroit mission, 70, 31 ; price, 69, 377. 

Tadoumeau, , French ship-captain, 43, 51, S9> 44« 105, 117, 

46. 183. 

Tadoussac (Tadousac, Tadousak, Tadoussacq, Tadoussak, Tadusak), 
I, 7. 83. a. 308, 5, 103, 307, 384, 6, 151, 7. 61, 67, 171. «". 213. 307. 
^» 17, 45. 53. 61, 63. 391, 396. 9, 71, r43, 161, 189, 337, 351, 11, 199, 
215» ", 153. 155, 183. 187, 345. »4. "9. 181, 315, 331, 18, 305, «>. 
153, ai, 81, 83, 87. 91. 95. loi, 105. ii7i i»«. 235. 303. 319. *4, a3, 37, 
53. 55. 133. 147. 161. 171, «5, 19. I09» I47. «09, a6, 131, 155, ^. 
147, j8, 305, 335, 30, 139, 179, 181, 189, 193, 305, 31, 309, 333, 

237. 3«. 205, 361, 373. 35. 43. «33, «73. 36, 117. X39. »5. 37. 
107, 169, 311, 313, ai7. «33. 3^ 169. 173. «3it 40, 61, 345, 41, 189, 
197, 4a, 351-355. «85, 301, 43. 31, 35, 43, 45, 5i, 55, 61, 44, 95, 97* 
105, 119. 203, 319, 337, 339, 48. 95. 103-109, 119, I49-Ï53. «59» 
161,3x1,3x7, 333, 46, 7X, 73, 107, 109, 173, 179. 205, 35X-357. 269, 
375, 281, 393, 304, 47. 149. 153, 167, 317, 339, 391, 393, 30X, 305. 309, 
317, 48. 43, 61, 71, 233. 237. 279. 49. 29, 59, Ï59. 169, X73, 50, 3X, 3$, 
77. 79, 85. 1x7. 193. 201, 51, 59, 75, 367, 373, 5a. 2x7. 319, 333, 53* 
27. 59-63. 69, 83-87. 91, 54, 127, 56, 87, X49, 151, 171, 2X1, 30X, 901, 



TalBftI] INDEX 851 

57» 3ï8, 58, 296, 59. 27. 29. 49. 57» 60, 2X7, 257, 318, 61. 75-79. I57» 

«70. 63, 113, 249. 255. 65, 49, 68, 33, 55. 99. 109. "5. *9. i»i; 

names, J, 302, %% 123; situation, aa, 203, 37, 183, 38, 231, 47. 

221, 48, 203-305, 5". 277, 68, 79. 

Description and history: described, J9, 123, 68, 29; its harbor, 5, 
21, 37. 183, 68, 29; adjoining country described, ai, 93; fisheries, 
3a, 93, 36, 129. 4a, 283, 46. 173, 49. 159. ^. 95. 99; tribes near. 
^, 303, "6, 99, 141, 18, m, 171,227, ao, 185-187, 193. 209. 35, «73; 
a rendezvous for Indians, aa, 133, 219, 225, 231-233, a3, 327, aç, 

139. 33. 19. 35. 36, 129, 37. 191, «37. 4«. 189. 4^, 179. W, 113, 69, 
99-101 ; a center of trade, 1, 16, a, 302, 4, 207, 8, 45, 312, ai, 97, a4, 
155, «8, 201, 35, 57-59, 28^-290, 5a, 219, 63, 259, 68, 27. 81, 69, 
95, 105-107, 115, 125-127 — warehouse, loi, 105-107, 121; ships at, 
8, 203, 9, 169, 18, 235, ai, 93, a3, 287, a4, 127, 143-145, ^. iï5, 
137-139. «7. 139. ^fi, 213. ai9, 3«. 87, 99-101. 105, 47. 293; popula- 
tion, a9, 123; value of trade, 3a, 103. Liquor traffic, and its regfula- 
tion, 6, 253, aa, 243, 51, 269; Indians slain at, 8, 41; Hurons visit, 
16, 229, 36, 129; nuns stop at, 16, 69, 18, 75; prison needed at, 35, 
269; attacked by Iroquois, 46, 173, 179, 287, 47. 107; abandoned, 
175; effects of earthquake at, 48, 49-51; epidemic, 69, 97; Monta^ 
gnais of interior should be removed to, 99, 1x3; forge at, 10X-X05; 
church, 137-X41, 392; Coquart's tomb, 71, 172. 
Ta.echiaten, a Huron: dealings with Detroit mission, 69, 249, 263. 
Taenhatentaron (Tahententaron), 17, 241, 242, 19, 272; location, 17, 

24X, 34, 256; captive tortured at, 17, loi; Jesuits visit, 99. See 

a/j^ Jesuits: missions — St. Ig^nace I. 
Taensas, southern tribe, 65, lu; racial affinities, 268; location, 135, 

267; temple burned, 137. 
Taffanel, 71, 117. See La Jonquière. ^ 

Taffeta, 4a, 273. »87. 43, i39. 59. 189, 63, 243. 
Tahonta.enrat, Huron tribe, 36, 245 ; reputation among other tribes, 

17, 89; mission among, a6, 293-3x3; aid Neutrals against Iroquois, 

36, 119; surrender to Senecas, X4X, 179; incite Senecas against 

Mohawks, X43. 
Taierhensere, his widow robbed, 67, 69. 
Taieron, Louys, Huron convert: letter signed by, 41, 173. 
Taiaeronk, Louis, Huron chief: speech by, 36, 2x5-221. 
Tailhan, Jules, Jesuit: editor of Perrot*s Mémoire^ 5, 290, 10, 321, 

327, a3, 328, 55, 32X. 58, 296, 71, 258. 
Takiet: his dogs kill a cow, 69, 269. 
Takoulguehronnons, conquered by Iroquois, 4a, X97. 
Takwatchisenapeou, François, Montagnais convert: baptised, 59, 63. 
Talard (Tallard), , Jesuit brother, 66, X35; requested to send 

pictures to missionaries, 67, 323. 



JESUIT RELA TIONS [Ti 



Talbot Road, Ont, follows Indian trail, 36, 348. 

Talianus, Joannes Baptista, vicar of Inquisition at Macerata, 3S, sxs- 

Tallow, 69, 943, 345, 267, 70, 187; in candles, 67, 89; flavotB 
sagamité, 393 ; paints mixed with, 70, 95 ; shipped to New Orleans, 
69, 313; sold at Detroit mission, 70, 41, 47, 61; price, 69, 345; 
offered to spirits, 64, 333-335. See also Pat, and Grease. 

Talon, Jean Baptiste, intendant of New France, 47, 371, 309, 3x4, 
49. 167. 50, 83, 109, 141, 157» 185. Z89, X91, 301, 309, 51, 3x9, 341, 
290, 53. S3» 303, 54. 377. 55. »93. 3I5. 3^0, 56, X59. x6x, 377. 283. 
57, 31, 3$, 7x, 58, 395; his instructions, 50, 337; arrives in C4inada, 
49» X67, 50, 83; develops resources and commerce of country, 339- 
^3. 5>> X71; relations with Jesuits, 49, X73, i8x, 50, 31$; views 
concerning fur-trade monopoly, 49, 378; honors memory of queen 
regent, 50, X07-X09; interest in Quebec hospital, 51, 107; land- 
grants by, 5, 384, 55, 390, 49, 375; sponsor in baptism, 50, 3x7, 
54* 373, 377; promotes education of Indians, 51, 173; returns to 
Prance, X7x; writes to Garakontié, 5a, 163; sent back to Canada, 
53. 37. 55. Z05; shipwrecked, 53, 37, 55, 105; brings Récollets to 
Canada, 53, 303; Jesuits send him specimens of copper, 54, 163; 
searches for copper mines, 50, 334; takes possession of Northwest 
{see St Lusson), 54, 355; plans and undertakes explorations, 34, 
«47. 55. 235. 56. 149. 58, 93. 59. 87-91 ; encourages shipbuilding, 
55. 333; seises St Pierre Island, 63, 306; superseded* 59, 316; 
leaves Canada, 55, 335; term as intendant, 71, 1x7; sketch, 49, 

375; ability, 50, 157. 
Tamahnous, black, a superstitious rite, 10, 330. 

Tamaroas (Tamarois, Tamarouas, Tamarouha, Tamarous, Tamar- 
rais), Illinois tribe, i, 35, 64, x6i, 65, 71. X03, 105, 66, 37. 57. isx, 
X3X, 357, 367; location, 64, 378, 380; settle Cahokia, 65, 364; pun- 
ished by French for insult to cross, 66, 36$. 

Tamarinds, Hospital nuns ask for, 53, 109. 

Tambourine, used by medicine-men, 30, 306, 47, 181, 70, 151. See 
also Drum. 

Tamburini, Michelangelo, general of Jesuits, 66, isi, 135, 143; 
sketch, 68, 335. 

Tameriskau, 36, 99. See Islands: Damariscove. 

Tamourat, Paul de, Attikamègue chief: piety, J9, ixi. 

Tamu, Carib hero, 5, 386. 

Tandehouaronnon, mountain in Huronia, 13, 337. 

Tandihetsi, a Huron: at Quebec, 38, 147-15 1; with Mohawks, 149, 
155; gi^ o^ Ursulines to, 167. 

Tandoutaionk, an Indian: sent to DruiUettes, 36, 139. 

Tandoutsahoronc, a Huron, 13, 153, X55, X77. 

Tandoutsont, Laurent, Huron convert: saves missionary's life, 30, 
xox ; pious death, X03-X05. 



TamUlnes] INDEX 3te 

Tangouaen, Algonkin village: a refuge for fugitive Htirons, 30, 87. 
Tang^nay, abbé Cyprìen, Canadian antiquarian: Dki, ginéaUh 

gigue, cited, a, 308. 4» a68. 5, 283. 8, 3". ««. «78, ^. 314, »8. 

3x6, 319, 30, 304, 3J, 313. 36, 246, 37» 265.266, 43, 321-323. 45. 

270-271, 46, 302-303. 47. 315. 318. 50, 320, 51. 289, 56, 303. 

63, 273-274, 65, 266. 269, 66, 341. 67, 332, 68, 328, 331, 69, 

293, 308-309, 70, 305-306, 71, 336-338. Fam. Canad., cited, 

^. 334. 7>. 338- Lauberwière, 71, 262. Repertoire du clergé^ 

cited, 69, 304, 71, 158, 312. Trav. Us registres^ cited, 71, 158, 

312. 
Tangwaenronnons, Algonqnian tribe: location, 36, 247; defeated by 

Iroquois, 131. 
Tanner, H. B.: " Early Days in Kaukauna," cited, 54, 307, 71, 323. 
Tannery: at mouth of Ohio, 65, 268; seal-oil used in, 68, 83, 89. 
Tantaqué, an Indian, la, 271. 
Taogrias (Taoganos), Algonquian tribe: location, 65, 266; allied to 

Mohegans, X15; trade with English, 115, 266; kill French, 265-266, 
Taondechoren, Joseph, Huron convert: piety, 30, 47, 83; virtues, 37, 

171-181; capti^^e among Iroquois, 177; drowned, 105, 107, 169. 
Taondechoren (Taondechorend, Thaondechoren, Thaondéchoren), 

Louis, Huron convert, 50, 211, 55, 299; piety, 53, 237-239, 55, 

267-^69, 57. 75-77. 58. 135. 149-151. 197-199. ^. 79-81, 307; a 
dogique, 55, 277. 

Taorhenché, a Huron: sickness and death, 17, 145-153. 

Taouchkaron, Jean, Iroquet chief: baptism and piety, 31, 283. 

Taounyawatha, Iroquois hero, 5, 286. See also Hiawatha. 

Taper, 36, 115, 38, 143. A^. 265, 49, 207, 51, 115; a coil of wax, 47, 
295. 48, 225; given to dignitaries, 38, 157. 34. 41. 46, 161, 73. 14; 
offering of, 50, 185 — described, 323. 5/^ a/j^ Candles. 

Tapestries, 33, 211, 31, 247. 

Tar: should be made at Malbaye, 69, 83-85; sent to New Orleans, 
213. 

Taratouan (Taratwane), Huron chief, 9, 271; at Quebec, 13,45; 
defends Jesuits, 89 ; captured and burned by Iroquois, 97-105, 207, 
211, 215, 17, 63. 

Taretandé, Huron chief: slanders Jesuits, 13, 215-219; death, 223. 

Tarihia, Christine, Huron convert: death, 33, 241. 

Taronhiawagon (Tarenyowagon, Taronhiaouagon, Tarohiaouagui), 
8, 302, 303, 43, 197, 54, 65, 55, 61. See also Tha-ron-hya^wft'-kon. 

Tarratines (Tarentines; Penobscots, Pentagouetch), Algonquian 
tribe, 3, 292, 18, 233, 260; location, i, 10, 3, 293, 13, 274; hos- 
tile to Bashaba, 3, 297; St Castin lives with, 63, 299; history, 71, 
313; language, word from, 3, 37. See also Etechemins, and 
Abenakis. 



354 J ES UIT RELA TIONS [TarCwta 

Tartarin, René, Jesuit, 71, 136; arrives in Louisiana, 7 J, 19; ex- 
pected at New Orleans, 67, 277; curé at Kaskaskia, 70, 233; 
sketch, 67* 343, 7>> i^- 

Tartars, conjectured to have come to North America, 68, 233. 

Tartas, , Jesuit provincial of Prance, 64, 155-157» 237- 

Taruentutunum, 34, 254. See Arontaen. 

Taschereau, Gabriel Elzear, member of commission of inquiry, 

7"» 93. 

Tassé, Joseph: *' Charles de Langlade," cited, 69, 299, 71, 338. 

Tassels, worn on hats, 3J, 285. 

Tatham, William: Tobacco, cited, 10, 328, 71, 349. 

Tatmagouche, N. S., copper at, 3, 296. 

Tattooing. See Indians: ornaments. 

Taupin, an ox, 70, 53. 

Taurus, a constellation, 50, 73. 

Taverns, 47, 317; at Three Rivers (1657), 43, 77; at La Prairie. 63, 

i8x, 199 — forbidden by Prontenac, 201; kept by traders, 65, 195; 

Indians tempted at, 66, 157. See also Liquor trâffic. 
Tawichkaron, Algonkin chief: at Montreal, ap, 145. 
Tawis'kara' (Tawiscaron), Huron-Iroquois divinity: birth, 10, 129; 

death, 131 ; myth interpreted by Brinton, 323. 
Tawiskaron, Jean, Huron chief: captured by Iroquois, 30, 235. 245 ; 

his courage, 239. 
Taxes: how levied in Prance, 16, 255; imposed for fortifications of 

Montreal, 67, 53 ; Canadian provinces restricted in right to levy, 

71, 392. 
Taxons, Abenaki chief: Bégon's advice to Rale concerning, 67, 

59-^x ; seised by English, 334. 
Tay township, Ont. : settled, 5, 295 ; mission sites in, 295-297, 10, 

319, 17, 242, 19, 269-271, 33, 272, 34, 252, 255. 
Tchactas, 68, 165. See Cha'htas. 
Tchakabech, legend of, la, 31-35; compared to "Jack and the 

bean-stalk," 270. 
Tchames, Emery, convert at Tadoussac: piety, J J, 225-227. 
Tchatchoumas (Chactioumas), Maskoki tribe: location, 68, 330; 

attack Koroas, 217. 
Tchicachas, 68, 187, 201, 217. See Chicasas. 
Tchigigoutchéou. weather god: Mistassins worship, 68, 43. 
Tchikakas, 68, 309, 69, 29. See Chicasas. 
Tchimaouirineou, Baptiscan, Algonkin convert: baptism and death 

of son, 6, 129-133 ; chief of Algonkins, u, 167. 
Tchipakouch, Augustin, Algonkin convert: slain by Iroquois, 30, 

249- 
TV Deum : sung for birth of Louis XIV., 15, 219; at Quebec, 40, 



Tm «MMMKlilotMi] INDEX 8M 

149; after failtire of English expedition. 66, aoi; after escape 
from shipwreck, 70, 295; in Illinois, 71, 43. 

Teal, a bird: abound on islands, 5, 99; abound in Canada, 6, 271, 9, 
165; on Green Bay, 56, isi, 59, 99; in Mississippi valley, 67, 169. 
69. 145. «09. 

Teanaustayé (Teanaostaiaë, Teanaostraiae, Teanaustaiae, Teanaus- 
talé, Teanaustayaé, Teanausteaiae, Teanausteiyé, Teanostaë, 
Teanostahé, Teanosteaé; St Joseph), Huron village, la, 113, 27a, 
■3. a7, 125, 17» «41. 19. 133. «i. 316; Jesuit name for, 205, «a» 
24X ; importance, 15, 141, 17, 59, 19, 185 ; location, 8, 294, 303, 13, 
269, 34, 247, 254. 39. 239-241. 7». 139; population, 13, 270, 34. 87; 
Jesuits at, 8, 307, 16, 239, 17, 11, 47, 61, 33, 241 ; residence removed 
to, 15, 41, 17, 59; Jesuits persecuted at, 19, 183; Iroquois attack 
and destroy (1648). ». «6, 5, 290, 34, 99» 39. 239-241; refugees 
from, 34, 99. 

Teandeouiata (Teandeouihata), Huron village, 8, 89; location, 34. 
254; burned, 8, 95. See also Toanché. 

Tea.onto'rai, Petnns winter at, 38, 181. 

Teaouché, Joseph, a Huron: conversion and baptism, 19, 203-207. 

Tearachia'kwa, a Huron: captured by Iroquois, 36, 133. 

TeArenhont, a Huron: captured by Iroquois, 38, 171. 

Techiroguen, Onondaga fishing village, 51, 294; Jesuits at, 57, 29, 

317. 
Technogeography, article relating to, 71, 286. 

Technology, article relating to, 71, 287. 

Tectosages, tribe of Vole» in Gaul: origin of name, 1, 31a 

Tecumseh, Shawnee chief: league of, 71, 293. 

Teeth, Indians blacken, 65, 14s, 153. 

Tegahoiatiron, Oneida chief, 64, 93. 

Tegakwita (Tegah-Kouita, Tegakouita, Tekakwitha), Catherine, 
the Iroquois saint: conversion, 1, 30, 63, 275; at Sault St Louis, 
275-276. 63, 199. 302; piety, 6a, 177, 276; death (1680). 59, 
316, 6a, 177. 276, 63, 149, 155, 171. 191. 215-217; invoked, 223, 
229-231, 241, 64, 155, 65, 31-33; removal of body, 63, 241; masses 
for, 243; pilgrimages to tomb of, 6a, 276, 64, 155, 65, 31-33, 68, 
271-273; missionaries write life of, 59, 316, 60, 323, 6a, 276, 63, 
143, 64, 125; biography, 6a, 275-276, 71, 247. 332. Portrait, 6a, 8, 
176, 65, 31, 66, 313. 315. 68, 265-267, 71, 210. 

Teganissoren (Niregouentaron), Onondaga chief: identified, 6a, 
153; messenger of Lamberville, 151-153; sketch, 273. 

Tegannahkouahsen, Jean, Iroquois convert: pious death and burial, 

53. 167-175. 
Te gannonchiogen, an Oneida: captured at Three Rivers, 44, 119; 
returns to Oneida, 45, 91. 



366 JESUIT RELATIONS [T 



Teganhos^ fTe Oarihogen, Tebarihogen, Teharibogiien, Thearibo> 
gen), Mohawk chief: sectiies Poncet's release, 38, 19S-197; tries 
to entice Hnrons from Quebec, 199; envoy, 43, 47, 44, 193, 129, 
45* 79. 87. 91. 95 ; leads warriors, 44, 205 ; at Three Rivers. 45, 79. 

Tegamhies, 8, 303. See Sonnontouan. 

Tehaionhacoua, Iroquois chief, 43, 103. 

Tehandoutasen (Tehandoutason), Iroquois chief: at Three Rivers, 
36, lai ; leads war-band, 37, 97. 

Tehannonrakouan, a Huron: killed by Andastes, 4a, 189. 

Tehaontiaiehen, Iroquois village, 38, 179. 

Teharihogen fTeharihoguen). See Tegarihogen. 

Teharonhiag^annra, Iroquois name for missionaries, 8, 291, 17, 242, 

55i 397» 56, 43- 
Teharonhiaouagon. See Tha-ron-hya-wâ'-kon. 
Tehepimont, station in Hudson Bay region, 56, 185. 
Tehoa'chia*kwan, Louis, Huron convert: captured by Iroquois, 37, 

95-97- 
Tehoachiakwan, Martin, Huron chief: piety, a6, 273-275. 

Tehoatirhon, Iroquois chief: envoy to Quebec. 38, 183. 

Tehonande'ton. a Huron: captured by Iroquois, 35, 59. 

Tehondakwae, Joseph, Iroquois convert: baptised, Ji, 1 69-1 71. 

Tehondecouan (Tehondeguan), Noel, Huron convert: pious death, 

13, 191, 209, 
Tehonrressandeen. See Tharon-hya-wâ'-kon. 
Tehorenhaegnon, Huron medicine-man, 10, 47, 59, 13. 235, 359; 

accuses Jesuits, 10, 37, 43; practices of, 13, 237-243; failure of 

prophecies, 14. 51. 
Tehoronhiongo, François, Seneca convert: piety, 55, 75-79. 
Teientoen, Joseph, Huron convert: baptism and death, 13, 127. 
Tejas. 59, 307. Sf ^ Thegualo. 
Tekakwitha, 71, 332. See Tegakwita. 
Tekderimar, error for Tekwerimat, ao, 309. 
Tekouerimat, Theodore, Montagnais convert: pious death, 53, 61- 

67. See also Negabamat, and Negaskouat 
Tekwerimat (Takwirimath, Tecouerimat, Tecouërimat. Tekouerimat, 

Tekwerimatch, Tekwirimaeth, Teykorimat, Thekwarimat), 

Noël, Algonquian chief, ao, 309, 24. 29, 69, 35, 135-153. 171. 173. 

30. 165, 36, 103, 129, 139, 141, 193, 227, 37. 7. 77. 79. I5i. I53. «59. 

38, 61, 65, 67. 40, 189, 197, 199. ao9. 4». ï8i. 49. 235. 237, 50, 119. 

121, 5J, 223-227, 60. 251, 63, 33, 49, 71, iQi ; appellation of Noël 

Negabamat, 35, 247. See also Negabamat, and Negaskouat 
Telescope: Jesuits give to Bourdon, j8. 143; invented by Jakob 

Metsu, 314; called lunette de Holland, 314. 
Tellier, Pierre. See Le Tellier. 



INDEX 867 



Temeriscau (Tameriskan). Sêê Islands: Damariscove. 

Temples: of Tonicas, 65, 135; of Taensas, borned, 137. Of 
Natches— 65, 139, 149, 68, 135, 145, 149; described, 133-125; 
struck by lightolng, 139; offerings made to, 139; reverence for, 
139-141; French and allies seize, 193. Of Humas, described, 

65. 147. 
Tendoutsaharoné, a Huron: friendly to Jesuits, 13, 331; exhorts 

imgans, 14, 73- 
Tennis, agame: origin, 5, 385; similar to crosse, 10, 336; slippers 
(shoes), moccasins compared to, 31, 71, 36, 33, 44, 393; played in 
France, 35, 145; history and rules, 71, 354. Sa also Indians: 



Tentenhawita, a Huron: captured by Iroquois, 36, 149. 

Tents (tabemades), of medicine-men, la, 17-31, 31, 311, 343, 35, 
239-433, 37, 337t 40, 339; used by travelers on Mississippi, 70, 38$. 

Te.o'chanontian, appellation of tribe or village, 38, 181. 

Teòchiawenté, an Ottawa: at Quebec, 38, x8i. 

Teondechoren (Taondechoren, Teondechorren), Joseph, Huron con- 
vert, brother of Joseph Chihwatenhwa: baptism, ai, 149-151, aa, 
375; takes name of brother, ai, 151, 33, 75; handles fire with 

impunity, ai, 151-153; piety, 155-157, ««, «75. «3. 59. 75-77. ^. 
333-343; captured by Iroquois, aa, 275, 34, 281; escapes, 33, 397- 
399, 34, 381-385, j6, 183, 333; deaths of relatives, 33, 59; baptizes 
child, 87; cited, a6, 195-197; wounded by Iroquois, 237-239. 

Teoronhiongo, François, Huron convert: piety, 54, 87-93; receives 
Frémin, 121. 

Teotegouisen, an Iroquois: buried at Three Rivers, 4a, 103. 

Teoto'ndiaton (Teotongniaton, St Guillaume), Neutral village: 
location, 31, 3x7-318; Jesuit name for, 225; Jesuits at, 225; cap- 
tured by Iroquois (1651), 36, 141, 248. 

Teotonharason (Teotanharason, Tiotonharason), Madeleine, Onon- 
daga convert: baptism, 4a, 141-145; piety, 115, 141-143; conver- 
sion and baptism of relatives, 115, 127. 131, 141-147, 44, 37-39; 
death, 37. 

Téouachégnien (Teouachennien), Catherine, Huron convert: piety, 
58, 139, 60, 45-47. 

Teouatiron (Tewathiron, Thewathiron), Joseph, Huron seminarist: 
at Three Rivers, la, 93; leaves seminary, 95-97; reported captured 
by Iroquois, 99; escapes, 101-103, 209-211, 14, 161; furnishes 
information to Jesuits, IJ, 113; baptized, 14, 161; character, 239; 
sent back to Quebec, 351; sent to Huronia, 243, 255; instructs 
Indian, 255-257; advises tribesmen, 16, 169; falls into vice, 9i, 
173-175; pious death, 175. 

Tequeunoikuaye. Sêê Ossossané. 



856 JESUIT RELA TIONS [Taraelai 

Teroeira (Tercere), one of Asores: De Chaste at, a, 306. 

Terceras, name for Azores, 3, 13. 

Terese. Stê Thérèse. 

Temanx-Compana, Henri: BibL AnUricamt, cited, 1, 399» 301, 3, 
a88, 4. 350, 71, 223. 

Terre Blanche, concession near Natchez: Des Noyers, manager of, 
68, 327 ; Le Blanc owns, 327. 

Terre du domaine, term explained, 65, 271. See also Seigniories. 

Terrien, Jacques, a priest: cited, 41, 257. 

Terrier (Terrien), , French ship-captain, at Quebec, 35,. 55, 

291. 

Terrouërmant, Michel, Abenaki chief, 6^, 73. 

Tersate, Dalmatia, Santa Casa at, 18, 256. 

Tertre, , sieur du, at Quebec, 45, 107. 

Tertullian (Tertullianus), Quintus Septimius Florens, early Chris- 
tian father: cited, 33, 225, 5 J, 141, 57, 91,. 58, 217. 

Tessier, Urbain, dii Lavigne: house burned, 36, 125; sketch, 246. 

Teste-Pelee, French servant: runs away, 38, 171. 

Teswehat (Besouat, Tesouat, Tesouehat, Tesouëhat Tesouhat, 
Tessouat, Tessouehat, Tessoueatch, Tesswehas, Tesswehats, Tes- 
wehat, Teswehat, Teswesatch), Paul (Le Borgne III. and IV.), 
Island chief, 8, 296, ao, 155, 157, 167, 263, 265, 291. 34, 191-19$, 
219, 233-249. «53. »57-263, 35, 259. 27if «8, 297-299, 39,. I4S, 149. 
229, 31, 290, 33, 53, 41, 179, i8x. See also Le Borgne. 

Têtu, Henri: Falaù ipisc, de Québec, cited, 68, 331, 71, 3x2. 
Mandements des Évêçues, cited, 71, 388. 

Texas (state), 65, 267; Fray Marc discovers (1539), 59, 307; La 
Salle in, 57, 316; Indians in, 65, 269. 

Textileart of aborigines: works on, 71, 284-285. See also IuoSajxa: 
ornaments. 

Thadoussac. See Tadoussac. 

Thado3rseau. See Rivers: Saguenay. 

Thaondechoren (Thaondéchoren). See Taondechoren. 

Thaouvenhosen, Huron convert: piety, 66, 165-171; pleads for 
captive, 169-171. 

Tha-ron-hya-wft'-kon (Tarenyowagon, Taronhiaouagon, Taronhia- 
wagon, Teharonhiaouagon, Tehonrressandeen, Tharonhiouagon), 
Huron-Iroquois divinity: legends of, 8, 303, 10, 135; ruler of sky, 
323; communication with, 53, 253; Iroquois worship, 54, 6$. 55, 61. 

Thatch, on houses at Three Rivers, 34, 21. 

Thaumassière, : Coutume de Berry, cited, 9, 309. 

Thanmur de la Source, Dominique Antoine: " Lettre," 71, 262. 

Thauvenet, Marguerite de, marriage, 47, 315. 

Thawenda, a Huron: captured by Iroquois, 36, 119. 



1 INDEX 369 

Tfaeandihar, Htxron name for polar star, 14, 83. 

Theorihogen. See Tegarihogen. 

Thebaid, penitents of, 51, 261. 

Theft: at Three Rivers, a8, 189; from Quebec warehouse, 45, 107; 

penalty for, 34, 39; accusations of, 51; among converts, 57^ 117. 

Sit also Penalties. 
TheguaSo (Téjas, Tiguex): kingdom of, 59, 87; identified, 307. 
Thekwarimat. Siê Tekwerimat. 
Thémins, , maréchal de: acting viceroy of New Prance, a, 

296. 
Themistodes, Greek statesman: cited, 9, 89. 
Theodat, Gabriel Sagard, RécoUet Stt Sagard, Gabriel 
Theodehacta Set Sonnontouan. 
Theodore, Montagnais child: baptised, 9, 67. 
Theology: tanght at Quebec college, 50, 323, éo, 141, 66, 209, 70, 

81 ; Jesuit examined in, 51, 147. 
Theonondiogo. See Tionontoguen. 
Théophile. See Viau, P. de. 
Theresa of the New World: appellation of Marie de rincamation, 

■6, 257- 
Thérèse (Terese, Theresa), Huron seminarist, daughter of Joseph 

Chihwatenwha: baptised, 15, 91; to be given to UrsuUnes, ai, 

155; educated by Ursulines, J4, 281, a8, 297; piety, aa, 193-197, 

43. 299; captured by Iroquois, 23, 297-299, 40, 225; captivity 

among Iix)qttois, J4, 281, J6, 191, 37, 287, a8, 297, J9, Si-55; nuu** 

riAg^ 40, 225; makes convert, 41, 103. 
Theriacs, medicine: composition of, 50, 327-328; Jesuits administer, 

to Indians, 49» 59» 53» 7i> 56, xoi, 57, 165, 59. 37* 60, 22s, 68, 67; 

Indians fear, as manitou, 50, 271 ; Hospital nuns ask for, 51, 1x3, 

5 J, 107; Jesuits use, 55, 145, 61, 81; in Jesuit invoice, 66, 29; 

cause intoodcation, 68, 113. 

Theveneau, , sister of Gntvier, 66, 139. 

Thévenot, Melchisedech: Voyages Curieux, cited, J, 306, 71, 26s. 

ReceuU^ cited, 59, 294-295. 297, 310-3". Maps, 59, 9, 154, 71, 

215. See also C^artography and maps. 
Thévet, P. André, a monk: reputation as writer, i, 308; explora-» 

tions, 71, 333; cited, 1, 61. SmgulariteM, i, 308, 71, 262. Cos^ 

nwgrapkie, cited, i, 308, 71, 364. Grande Insulaire (MS.), cited, 

a, 308, 304. 306. 
Thewatiiiron. See Teouatirhon. 
Thierry (Theirry, Tieri), , agent for Rouen merchants, 37» 

III; fined by council, 44, 93. 
Thiersan, Guillaume, gifts to parish church, 4 j, 287. 
Thimbles, Hospital nuns ask for, 49, 209. 



860 JESUIT RELA TIONS 

TUobero (Tioheix^, Cayuga village, 5 J, 363; origin of name, 179; 

location, 8, 298, 51, 393; Carheil at, 5J, 185. See aiso Lakes tmd 

Riven: Tiobero. 
Thistles, at La lialbaye, 69, 93. 
Thlinkit, Pacific coast tribe: m3rth of creation, le, 33a 

Thomas, , a habitant, 58, iii. 

Thomas, , a Huguenot: abjures heresy, j8, 191. 

Thomas, Algonkin convert, 94, 165. 

Thomas, Huron child: death, 15, 91. 

Thomas, Iroquois convert: death, 65, 37-39. 

Thomas, Cyrus, American archaeologist: "Mound-builders,** 71, 

369. " Prehist Tribes," 71, 369. " Ind. Migrations,*' 71, 371. 

Coiai. Prehist, Works, 71, 369. Mound Explorations, 71, 369. 

Shawnoes, 71, 269. 
Thompson, David, explorer in Northwest: journal, 71, 319. 
Thomson, David, founds Piscataqua, 36,